December 2010 Volume 11: Issue 3
Panther The Voice of Montezuma-Cortez
P r ess
Izzy Vanderheiden/Courtesy Photo
Truancy Rates Double Truancy rates all over the area have begun to increase.
Europe ‘Enlightens’ The M-CHS French and Spanish club took a ten day trip to Europe.
M-CHS Hires New Swim Coach Ann Hight is hired to coach the swim team for M-CHS this year.
History of Rap Rap music has changed over the years.
Page 11 Page 9
Press 02Panther D 2010
The good guys are still out there… don’t be afraid to
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Truancy Trouble Area schools see more unexcused absences
What Lies Within... December 2010 4. Stop Sexual Abuse 6-7. France and Spain Trip
This screen shot from the survey given to teachers at M-CHS reveals how many students teachers estimate are absent during each of their classes.
absence is any absence that does not have a signed parental excuse or if the student “leaves school or a class without perMany teachers have noticed a problem with student atten- mission of the teacher or administrator in charge.” Many teachers feel that it is irrelevant whether a student’s dance. According to a survey of 20 out of 54 teachers, 100 perabsence is excused or unexcused. cent of them agree that attendance at M-CHS is a problem. “If a student is not in class and benefitting from what hap“I believe that it is becoming a very big problem because students are ‘ditching out’ on a large portion of educational pens there, what difference does it make whether that absence is excused or unexcused?” said an anonymous teacher who time,” Brendon Gordon, M-CHS Algebra 1 teacher, said. On average, the anonymous teacher poll indicates that commented in the Panther Press survey that was e-mailed to teachers. teachers have around two Many teachers and absent students per class period. other prominent figHowever, some teachers said 26% ures in the communithey have up to ten students Southwest ty feel that truancy is absent on any given day. a growing problem in Open High According to the CDE this area. (Colorado Department of “It (student truanEducation) website, the truancy cy) is number one on rate for M-CHS was 6.69 percent Montezumaour list (of concerns),” for the 2009-2010 school year. Cortez H. S. 10% Cindy Lou Houston, a The CDE reports that this rate member of the doubled from the 2008-2009 6% Mancos H. S. Durango H. S. Southwest Colorado school year, when it was at three 3.7% 3% Dolores H. S. 2.7% 3% Youth Coalition, said. percent. .75% .52% In order to address .05% The truancy rate is the total Design by Darcie Biard S o u r c e C o l o r a d o D e p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n this problem, many number of student days that are teachers have come unexcused. The percentage is up with possible solutions to help students who are chronicalfound by dividing the number of days a school reports that are unexcused for all students by the number of days it is possible ly absent. Most teachers discuss the absences with each student and to be at school. Schools such as Dolores High School and Mancos High try to come up with possible ways to keep them coming to school have much lower truancy rates. The truancy rate for class. Other teachers refer students to the office, or discuss the Dolores High School for the 2009-2010 school year was .75 per- absences with the student and his/her parents or guardians. “I attempt to call parents regarding attendance but cannot cent and that of Mancos High School was 2.75 percent. However, Southwest Open High had a much larger truancy get through to the student's parents who are ditching,” rate both years. Jumping from 10.34 percent in the 2008-2009 Gordon said. Some teachers believe that dealing with truancy in a more school year to 25.78 percent during the 2009-2010 school year, Southwest Open High has the highest truancy rate in this area. timely fashion would better benefit students. “Dealing with the issue immediately (everyday) would According to the Cortez Re-1 District Policy, an unexcused show that we value their presence in school,” said another teacher who took the Panther Press survey. Other teachers at M-CHS believe that there should be stiffer consequences for students who miss a certain amount of school. “I would like to see mandatory expulsion for students who do not attend,” one teacher commented via the survey. “Education is a privilege and if the student doesn't want to be here, they shouldn't be allowed to be here.”
DARCIE BIARD NEWS EDITOR
8. Shot or Not?
10. Artist of the Month
12. Building Survey
New and used Buy - Sell - Trade
12/1 Pinon Drive Cortez co 81321
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Va n d a l i s m w r e a k s h av o c
We in the Panther Press feel that the vandalism incidents in the boys’ bathrooms have had negative affects on everyone here at M-CHS. How many hands haven’t been washed since the bathrooms have been shut down? Why hasn’t the culprit, or culprits, been caught? What message does this send about our school? These questions have all been brought up by the incident in the boys’ bathroom this month. Especially after every bathroom was closed at one point. The problem is that these questions remain unanswered. By locking the bathrooms Boys vandalizing in one-hundred their bathrooms and two-hundred hall, boys are forced to go all the way to six-hundred hall to use the bathroom. This has caused several issues such as: Crowded bathrooms, distractions from class, and boys taking much longer breaks than they need to. And to think that all the boys in the school suffer because of the behavior of a few indiIt’s an viduals.
Another negawaste of time tive effect the vandalism has had on the school and students is the water being shut off in the only remaining bathroom the boys have access to. Yes there is hand sanitizer in almost every room, but how many boys actually use hand sanitizers? Not many. This could potentially cause an increase in illness and sickness in the school. The major question posed about the vandalism is: Why haven’t the vandals been caught? The school has security cameras in almost every hall. How is it possible that we cannot find the parties responsible for the destruction? That sends a bad message for all wrongdoers. If the vandals don’t get caught, will it intensify? We believe that if students think the cameras don’t work or that the school won’t punish them, they will vandalize more—and more often. If there is no punishment for bad behavior, and no reward for good behavior, we believe vandalism will continually increase. The other issue here is that the school district is thinking about giving the high school a new building. If the students send the message they don’t care about school property, the district will be less inclined to give us the new building. We as the Panther Press staff feel that something needs to happen in order to address this problem. More security measures need to be taken to prevent this from happening again. And the vandals need to be found and punished for their bad behavior.
misconduct It’s all over the news all the time. Parents are nals are noticed and the boy can get therapy in terrified it’ll happen to their kids. According to time there’s a good chance he won’t turn to an article in the Denver Post, one out of every violence later in life. It’s been proven that the majority of sexual 14 girls are raped between the fifth and eighth grade, and by the time they’re in high school, abuse crimes are committed by someone the victim knows. Teaching people how to recogthat number goes up to one out of every nine. It seems to me that if we can find ways to nize the signs of sexual abuse can help to stop it quickly. Or by rehabilitate murderteaching girls how ers and cure diseases to protect themthat 20 years ago News Editor selves they will be were killing people, better prepared if we should be able to “I like the they are ever find a way to stop this dynamics of life, attacked. kind of abuse. I like it when it An article in the In the media, sex is rains, and sudDenver Post stated used to sell everydenly the sun that since 1997 thing. Not that I’m there have been 78 blaming the media comes out, and I teachers who have for sexual abuse, it like it when it's been in trouble for just seems to me that really silent and sexual assault of when women are then a loud children and eight turned into sex booming noise more who were objects it breeds unrecomes through. disciplined for sexalistic portrayals of Or vice-versa.” ual assault on an women and can lead -Serj Tankian adult. to other, deeper By having teachissues later in life. ers go through a If a boy is subject to seeing women only as objects to be used for sex therapy process in which they are tested to see and nothing else, it’s more likely that he’ll if they show any kind of pedophilic or abusive tendencies, it would help to better ensure the become a sex offender. Teaching boys about the right way to treat safety of children in schools. Children have the right to feel safe at school, women when they’re younger can help to stop that pattern of destructive behavior. If boys if no where else in this world. Having the learn at a young age that women can’t be used constant fear that there’s a chance they’ll get just for sex, they won’t be as likely to see abused somewhere they’re supposed to feel safe is unfare to everyone. women in that way. Sexual abuse is a growing problem in Not all boys have the predisposition to become this way however. It’s been shown that America, and all over the world. By taking if a boy is going to become an offender, he’ll more measures to prevent it and help the show certain signs at a young age. If these sig- victims, we’ll be able to help stop this abuse.
Should a students current GPA affect tryouts? "Yeah, because if it's bad starting out who says it will be better during season.” Thomas McDonell, ‘13
“If they had good grades for a game they should have good grades for tryouts.” Imari Black, ‘14
"Yes because the students should be using that time to get their work done, so they will be able to play any sport." Rowtinya Marshall, ‘11
"Sometimes the GPA should effect tryouts and sometimes it shouldn't." Tyler McDonald, ‘12
Good music can
revive the music industry
There is nothing I hate more than getting highly formulated music the downfall of the music industry in 1999. which should have a recycle symbol on album right above the promoThe lack of importance on a bands album as a whole has been treattion label. For me it has been hard finding new music that is creative ed insignificant while the industries choose to “push that one catchy and unique, not because the music industry has been at a decline since song as hard as possible” as the AP or “Alternative Press” magazine the beginning of the decade but because bands are not allowing themcalls it. The “catchy” yet cliché song reigns over the whole bands selves to be different and stand apart. After hearing identical lyrics and album which doesn’t help the revenue for the music industry and the same instrument breakdowns makes the record sells as low as they have from 15 different bands I get aggraever been. vated and the songs get old and While running the same song over and over annoying. gets good publicity, it also starts to take a Managing Editor Record sells have declined since downturn because after it plays so many times 1999 when there was huge layoffs in listeners get tired and want something else. the record label businesses around the "You see I have This leads to less album sells and sometimes a world. This caused most labels to be bad reputation of the band because there one this critical forced to shut down and many to try “catchy song” gets old. and refurbish their businesses from New upcoming bands are now emulating concept, the bottom up. I believe that the laythe cliché music instead of paving their own I dig my grave offs have been caused because of the paths. They have lost sight in why they are music itself. The bands that choose but I just can't actually playing music and why music exists not to look for new and creative ways in the first place. stand to step to play and make their music have There is still new and amazing music out caused the music industry to fall there but it is hidden by the same music that is inside.” apart. getting shoved into our ears. Musicians need to According to the “The New York restore people’s faith in music and prove Times”, by 2013 there will be a loss through their own unique sound they are playof over five billion in revenues since ing is solely for self expression.
Panther Press – 2010 - 2011 Staff & Information MANAGING EDITOR Karlee Montgomery NEWS EDITOR Darcie Biard BUSINESS MANAGER Lorisa Miller
STAFF REPORTERS Rudy Gonzales Mike Bracamonte Cheyenne Heal Krissey Gonzales Abby Lock Ashley Long Ashley Romine Donovan Yazzie Danika Miera Jasmyn Brendle
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N er E cu d
Izzy Vanderheiden/Courtesy photo
venus de milo at the louvre in Paris
? r o t fll ac
“The trip helped me to realize that there are many different cultures, many different lives, experiences and events – all happening at once.” - Caitlin Wesch
Jack Treinen, James Sprague, Dustin Ruckman Nichole Franco, and Max Demby
i h c tr he
o f y eR ad
San Sebastian Bay, Spain
Izzy Vanderheiden/Courtesy photo
Time to winterize your home:
Sacred Coeur cathedral at Montmartre, Paris
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“Not only was our trip utterly amazing and fun, it was a once in a lifetime experi ence that can’t be taught in school. The foreign cultures and languages we encoun tered forced us to leave our comfort zones, broadening our horizons and allowing us to grow in ways we never could have on familiar American soil. Paris to Barcelona was a priceless experience.” - Max Demby
November 4th-13th 28 M-CHS students and teachrs embarked on a once in a lifetime trip to Europe to take a actual breath of the countries ulture and get a in-depth experience from a diverse lifestyle.
Izzy Vanderheiden/Courtesy photo
Chateau chenonceau in Loire Valley, France
Izzy Vanderheiden/Courtesy photo
“The trip was absolutely amazing. It’s one of the most important things I’ve done in my life so far. The trip opened my eyes to the rest of the world and to the possibilities that are out there. I learned a lot about the past, but even more about my future. When I look back at all that we saw, all that we did, and all that we accomplished, I think about how grateful I am for the opportunity and for the people who made it happen.” - Emily Peterson
Taylor Martinez, Breck Grubbs, and Rachel Rime
“The trip was a wonderful experience. Being able to see such different cultures gave me new perspective and insight.” - Izzy Vanderheiden.
Dear Panther Press Editor,
Catacombs in Paris, France
Izzy Vanderheiden/Courtesy photo
Notre Dame Paris, France
I recently had the honor of traveling to France and Spain with twenty-eight of the most wonderful traveling companions, who are all students and teachers from M-CHS. This was a trip of a lifetime for me, for as a history teacher, it was an experience that I will never forget! Of course many of the highlights included the sites we saw in France and Spain, from the streets of Paris, the French countryside, the many regions and flavors of Spain, to the cosmopolitan makeup of Barcelona. My emotions ran high, as many of the places that I had only read about, I was now experiencing in person. It was an incredible feeling! I was totally impressed with Europe and it’s people. The art, the architecture and the history were simply amazing. Upon returning to the states, and I few days of reflection, not to mention a little much need sleep, I came to the realization that I was truly impressed with something that I totally overlooked in Europe. My traveling companions were what made the trip so worthwhile. Their reactions, our conversations, and our shared experiences will be something that I will carry with me for the rest of my life. Our kids and teachers were exceptional and made me very proud to be a part of M-CHS. My fellow travelers made each of my own experiences so much more vivid, as I was able to see things through their eyes as well. These young people were fantastic guides to all the sights we witnessed. We laughed, we cried, we snored, but above all we really enjoyed each other’s company. I would personally like to thank Ms. Copeland for her incredible wisdom and guidance, Mr. Hillstead for his ever present humor, and Mr. Gerlach for his knowledge and great conversational skills. I would also like to thank the M-CHS administration and the school board for allowing us all to visit Europe. In closing I would like to thank every student who traveled to France and Spain. I will NEVER forget the times we had. You all ROCK!!!! Sincerely, R.G. Harriman M-CHS History Teacher
Press 08Panther D 2010
Shot or not? M-CHS girls discuss views on HPV vaccine KRISSEY GONZALES AND ABBY LOCK STAFF REPORTERS
Vaccines are sought out for different reasons. But when it comes to vaccines for a possible STD, the vaccine can be controversial. One of these vaccines is called Gardasil. It prevents cervical cancer in females. And it prevents HPV (Human Papillomavirus) and genital warts in males and females. Since HPV and warts are sexually transmitted diseases, families have mixed views about the vaccination recommend for people between the ages of 9 and 26. And like most health decision, family history is a factor in the decision to receive the vaccine. Though cervical cancer isn’t hereditary, having a close relative with cancer increases the risk of developing any type of cancer. “I got it (Gardasil vaccine) because my mom had cervical cancer in high school,” Savannah Simmons, a senior, said in an interview. However, most families don’t face that immediate risk and choose not to vaccinate their children unless is it is required. “I really don’t get anything but required shots,” Brittanie Johnson, a sophomore said. “We don’t talk about shots in my house unless they are required for school like the T-DAP shot.” Some states require the vaccine for girls entering the sixth grade, according to the National Network for Immunization Information. And that is one part of the vaccines controversy. “I would fight it if I was in a state that requiredand I didn’t know much about it,” Cindy Houston, a parent and local youth program coordinator for the School Community Youth Coalition, said. Students have formed strong opinions on this requirement as well. According to The Telegraph, a
large news site in London, reported that people think Gardasil would “make girls more promiscuous” depending on someone’s point of view. “To a certain extent it (the HPV vaccine) is a good idea, but they shouldn’t require it. It’s a choice to be sexually active,” Morris said. “It’s not going to be communicable like chicken pox.” So far Colorado has not required the vaccine. “I think they should require it,” Meg Strauss, a freshman, said. “Girls should get it because it prevents cervical cancer.” The HPV vaccine comes in a series of three
doses f o r females and males between the ages of nine and twenty-six. The first dose is scheduled at a time when it is convenient for the patient. Two months following the first dose, the second dose can be administered. The third dose can be received six months after the second, according to the Gardasil website. Just recently, the vaccine became available to males as well. The female vaccine was approved in 2006.
Gardasil Protects against all 4 types of HPV (6, 11, 16, 18)
Protects against genital warts.
Protects women from developing the HPV disease.
“If we vaccinate them (males), it is not only protecting them, it’s also preventing against the spread of HPV,” Kate O’Brien, a public health nurse at the Montezuma County Health Department, said. The Gardasil vaccine is similar to the Cervane, but there are some major differences. Gardasil protects against genital warts, while Cervarix does not. Each Gardasil dose costs fourteen dollars at the Montezuma County Health department for anyone eighteen and under. People 19 and over pay the full price of $150 to $200 dollars for each dose. Gardasil protects against four strains of HPV (6, 11, 16, and 18). After exposure to one strain, it could still protect against the other three. In addition to the local health department; Planned Parenthood and some independent doctor offices supply the vaccine in Cortez. According to Kate O’ Brien, not all of the independent doctor offices offer Gardasil because the vaccine has an expiration date. “I haven’t had a physical where they have offered it (HPV vaccine) and I haven’t felt like I needed it,” Kelli Reder, the M-CHS Family and Consumer Sciences instructor, said. Despite all of this, some girls, who have received the vaccine, aren’t aware of the reasons they are getting the vaccine or what it does. “Well, I’m really not sure why I got it, my mom made me,” Krista Wynes, a freshman said. Others, however, are completely aware of their decision to receive the vaccine because it could be a matter of life and death. “We really had just decided that I get it (HPV vaccine) because my mom had cervical cancer in high school,” Simmons said, adding that “my little sister currently has cancer.”
Cervarix Protects against all 4 types of HPV (6, 11, 16, 18)
Protects against genital warts.
Protects women from developing the HPV disease.
Swimmers start off the season with a new face in charge
DANIKA MIERA STAFF REPORTER
Ann Hight, owner of Hight of Wellness Center in Cortez, is the new swim coach for the 2010-2011 season. She was encouraged by two of the current athlete swimmers to apply for the job. Hight has experience in swimming as well as health and wellness. Participating in events such as synchronized swimming, distance (mile), and open water swims (1-6 miles) helped to prepare her for her coaching position. Hight participated in these events in her home state of California. The swim team has a specific diet to follow to be in best shape for meets. Breakfast is the most important meal of a swimmer’s diet according to Hight. A snack is then strongly recommended in mid-afternoon before practice to assure sustained energy to make it through all the exercises. “Water and Gatorade drinks hydrate throughout practice,” Hight said to her new team during the fall sports assembly. Justin O’Conner/ Courtesy Photo Dannika Miera/ Panther Press Hight then recommends chocolate milk Swim team has two new coaches this year, Ann Hight is the head coach and Steve Heath is the assisAnn Heigt brings experience and comtant coach. Swimmers say they like the new coach despite her strict rules. Pictured are: Top row (left to mitment to girls swim team after each practice to regain lost nutriright) Graham Robinson, Steve Heath; middle row- Marlana Lopez, Sydney Boren, Rachelle Rime, ents. Along with the diet comes strength Amber Eavenson, Krista Wynes, Aryanna Lee, Sage Kramer, Ann Hight; bottom row- Maggie Sheeran, Meggie Curtis, Emily Harris, Mae Lopez, Arlina O’Camb. training at her fitness center. Swimmers are required to make all practices with exceptions of out-ofstate or distant vacations, illness, etc. to others. This year there will only be ten students swimming, but Hight November 17 at the sports assembly all points of the new rules being put feels that this is enough to have a good season. into action, practice schedules, and expectations were went over with “I think the team can really grow and show improvements. How we will parents accompanying student athletes. perform competitively is unknown. I have four seniors that will help me Working with a group of teen swimmers may be a task to some and easy guide the team,” Hight said.
Super fun sports time Sport outliers with RUDY GONZALES
The time the baseball season starts is freaking ridiculous!! Baseball is a sport that many of the male students at M-CHS take part in. It’s a great sport to play when the time is right but the timing for the season to start has been pretty bad and it’s making it hard for the team to get out and practice to prepare for the upcoming season. The time that the season has been starting is when it’s really starting to get cold outside and sometimes even a few inches of snow on the ground. This is what has been making it hard for Cortez to have a decent baseball team that’s ready to play. Practices being called off are hurting the team. I don’t see why they just can’t have a school meeting about it and try to get the other schools in the league to change the season time to a different time, one that’s more suitable. It’s less fun when you’re in a hurry to get off the field just because it’s so cold. The players would probably prefer to not freeze their butts off. If the schools really wanted to see an improvement in their sports they should figure out better times for the seasons. It can help a lot. One of the other problems that are a little more serious is that maybe some of the students who play the sport are wanting to go to college for baseball and with this weather they may be having a hard time performing at their best and people don’t want to watch people who aren’t doing too well. The weather will make you cold, slow, numb and it can be a big distraction. With your hands being numb it makes it difficult to hold, feel and throw the ball correctly. And it the players get to cold and stand in one spot for too long their muscles tighten and if they try to make a quick sprint they could injure themselves. I just think the timing for some of the seasons can be a problem and changing the time can change things and this topic should be thought about.
Outliers in sports are people who are better than the rest of the people their age. There is study on the subject as to why some of the players in the sport are better than others. For some the ability to play the sport may come natural to them but for others it is from work and dedication, and one strange factor that has to do with what month they are born. The month the athlete was born in can make a huge difference in the players’ ability due to cut off dates for sports.
Czechoslovakian National Soccer Team. 15/20 of the soccer players are born with in the 4 months after cut-off date
Philadelphia Phillies Baseball Team 12/40 Players on the team are within the next 4 months after lit tle league cut-off date
The reason why it would make a difference is that some of the players that are born in the months that come after the cut-off date are older, more matured and have more experience at their ages. With more experience and being better at the sport they are chosen to play in the All-Star League and this will give them more practice at the sport which would actually make them better and more experienced, giving them more of an advantage to make it to the Big Leagues. It may apply to most sports and teams but the graphs also show that it doesn’t always work that way.
Medicine Hat TigersCanadian Hockey Team. 17/25 Players are within first 4 months after cut-off date
Press 10Panther D 2010
: r e i n i Artist of the Month Dukem
Courtesy Photo/ Bennie Palko
Ben Dukeminier was chosen as the artist of the month by Bennie Palko. Dukeminier hopes to become an actor. This picture taken from during the M-CHS production of ‘Harvey’ shows Dukeminier’s dedication to acting.
M-CHS senior, Ben Dukeminier is this month’s Artist of the Month . Dukeminier was nominated by Bennie Palko, M-CHS Ashley Long/ Panther Press Dukeminier theater teacher. In the nomination, Palko described Dukeminier as “incredibly creative and always thinking outside the box.” Dukeminier has been a part of the drama department since his sophomore year. He has been called an amazing actor who has the ambition to pursue and accomplish whatever tasks that come his way by many of his fellow friends, classmates and teachers. His inspiration to continue the art form he loves is to perform something amazing for an audience. According to Palko, Dukeminier is extremely passionate about acting. “He doesn’t always know how to express that passion, but you can see it in his eyes,” Palko said. Dukeminier has recently qualified for the International Thespian Convention and the finals for the Four Corners Festival. He is also the leader of an improv acting group which has been a huge accomplishment. “He is always willing to cheer someone up,” Palko says. Dukeminier hopes become an actor after high school. Like any performer, Dukeminier has one thing that makes acting worth-while for him. “My favorite part of acting is the performance and the applause,” Dukminier said.
The cost of ART
Funding for the Arts changes around the world. Cutting funding is the worst thing to happen to art. The United Kingdom has had their funding for arts cut in many places. Art funding is being cut outside Montezuma-Cortez High School. Since MCHS has kept the funding level, art will most likely not be cut. "We have had a very good art program for 40 years," Sharon Englehart, MCHS art and photography teacher, said. According to United Kingdom Special Commentary Press Association (UKPA,) the Arts by Council grant is set to drop by 158.8 Ashley Long million dollars, Photographer and "more than 100 organizations are expected to lose their funding." The Arts Council of Wales is planning to withdraw its revenue funding from the Beaufort Theatre and Ballroom. This will result in an approximate loss of 63,520 dollars “A funding bid for 44,414.772 dollars has been lodged with the Arts Council
of Wales to boost the arts program across the borough, but no news has been received yet." Says a press release for the UKPA. In June the Conservative/Liberal Democrat government announced cuts of 19 million British pounds to the Arts Council England (ACE), as part of its budget. "In addition to these grass-roots organizations, the cuts in front-line funding will affect many national institutions such as the Royal Opera House and the Royal Shakespeare Company,” Jackie Warren, a writer for the UKPA wrote. These institutions will lose respectively 225,496 dollars and 127,040 dollars. "Arts funding accounts for only 0.7 percent of public spending—equal to 17 pence per person per week." Warren wrote. "Art enriches our lives," Sheek, Kim said. Sheek says art is a way to tell the difference between human and animals. Art is very important to Sheek and to Englehart. They both say that art is a way for kids to get an education. "Art is a problem-solving program," Sheek said, " Art has many answers," Other teachers at M-CHS believe this as well. "Absolutely it is important to lean higher learning and skills," Englehart said. So if we all watch art funding here in Cortez we might be able to stop what has happened in other places, like the U.K., from happening here.
Rap Began 1959 Commissioner Robert Moses starts building an expressway in the Bronx. Consequently, middle class Germans, Irish, Italians, and Jewish, neighborhoods disappear in no time. Businesses relocate away from the borough only to be replaced by impoverished black and Hispanic families. Along with these poor people came addiction, crime, and unemployment.
Hip-Hop 1974 After DJ Kool Herc performed at block parties, Grandmaster Caz, Grandmaster Flash, and Afrika Bambaataa start playing at parties all over the Bronx neighborhoods. Around this time, DJ/MC/Crowd Pleaser Lovebug Starski starts referring to this culture as "hip-hop."
Scratching Is Invented 1975 Herc is hired as a DJ at the Hevalo Club. He later gets Coke La Rock to utter crowd-pleasing rhymes at parties. Coke La Rock and Clark Kent form the first emcee team known as Kool Herc & The Herculoids. DJ Grand Wizard Theodore accidentally invents 'the scratch.' While trying to hold a spinning record in place in order to listen to his mom, who was yelling at him, Grand Wizard accidentally caused the record to produce the “shigi-shigi” sound that is now known as the scratch. Scratch is the crux of modern djing
Fall of Rappers 2002 DJ Jam Master Jay is shot and killed in a Queens studio on October 30. No one has been convicted of his murder. Hip-hop feuds Nelly vs. KRS-One, Eminem vs. The Source magazine, Jermaine Dupri vs. Dr. Dre. The rapping member of TLC, Lisa "Left-Eye" Lopes, dies in a car crash while traveling with seven other people. Malik B is booted from The Roots following a drug use problem
"As Nasty as They Wanna Be"
Groups Been Made
1990 Tupac joins Digital Underground as a dancer, and a roadie. A Florida record store owner is arrested for selling 2 Live Crews album, and Luther Campbell is arrested for the con-
1979 Grandmaster Flash forms one of the most influential rap groups ever, The Furious 5: Grandmaster Flash, Melle Mel, Kidd Creole, Cowboy, Raheim, and Mr. Ness.
troversial album, "As Nasty as They Wanna Be."
The Ghetto Boys
For interactive timeline of the “Life Journey of Rap” go to www.mchspanthernews.com
1986 Beastie Boys release Licensed To Ill on Def Jam. James Smith of Houston, Texas, assembles The Geto Boys. The original lineup consisted of MCs Raheim, Jukebox, DJ Ready Red, and Sir Rap-A-Lot. The group also featured Little Billy, a dancing dwarf who later picked up the microphone as Bushwick Bill. Following a short break-up in 1988, Smith invited local emcee Willie D and Scarface to complete the lineup. The Geto Boys was a driving force in the evolution of southern rap.
Around the same time, another great rap crew The Cold Crush Four was formed comprising of Charlie Chase, Tony Tone, Grand Master Caz, Easy Ad, JDL, and Almighty KG. Sugarhill Gang’s “Rapper's Delight” would go on to become the first known rap hit, reaching #36 on Billboard. Various obscure rap singles were also released: Grandmaster Flash & The Furious 5’s “Super-rappin” and Spoonie Gee’s “Spoonin’ Rap” both on Enjoy Records, Kurtis Blow’s “Christmas Rappin” on Mercury Records, and Jimmy Spicer’s 13minute long storytelling track “Adventures of Super Rhymes” on Dazz Records. Mr. Magic’s ‘Rap Attack’ becomes the first hip-hop radio show on WHBI
DONOVAN YAZZIE STAFF REPORTER Photograph by Javier Mediavilla Ezquibela, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution.
Concert Calendar o g n a r u D •“The Nutcracker” -December 10-12 2010 7:00 PM -Exception on December 11 2:00 PM •Bar D Wranglers Christmas Jubilee -Dececmber 16 2010 7:00 PM •David Broza -Friday December 17 2010 7:00 PM
r e v n e D •A Christmas Carol -Thur. Dec. 16 2010 6:30 PM Stage Theater •Tech N9ne -Mon. December 6 2010 7:00 PM Boulder Theater-CO – Boulder, CO •Uncle Cracker -Fri, December 3 2010 7:00 PM Grizzly Rose-CO – Denver, CO
DANIKA MIERA STAFF REPORTER
Press 12Panther D 2010
What do ASHLEY ROMINE STAFF REPORTER
Option 6 Initial Results Option 7
A master plan for buildings in the Montezuma-Cortez School District Re-1 is being developed. The plan started out with five different options that the public could comment on in a district survey. Around 300 people took part in the survey.
From there the board and architects came up with two final options for the master plan. To the left is two options for consideration after the survey results.
In option 6 a new high school would be constructed on a new site and the current high school building would be demolished. Two new buildings would be constructed on the current high school site and the elementary schools would be consolidated into one campus. In option 7, the current high school would be replaced by a new building on the same site. And elementary schools would be renovated. Information taken from district survey at www.Cortez.k12.co.us
Information will be presented at the next school board meeting at 7p.m. Tuesday, Dec. 7.
1 n o i t p O
rmare info For mo tact Re-1 n tion co tration adminis r go to 82 o 565-72 z.k12.co.us orte www.C
Option 1 proposes minimal renovations and repairs to most of the district facilities which would satisfy needs for student health and safety. (Including Pleasant View and LewisArriola) This option would not improve educational suitability (upgrades needed to improve educational offerings and learning environments.) This option can be completed in a short time frame with the lowest cost. (Approximately $42 Million Total Project Cost)
Option 2 proposes closing 2 elementary schools and consolidating to 3 total by renovating & adding to Mesa, Kemper and Lewis-Arriola Schools. Manaugh and Pleasant View would be closed in this option. “Consolidation” would include major renovations and upgrades to both the existing Middle School and High School. It will provide some operational and energy savings.(Approximately $85 Million Total Project Cost)
Option 4 will redistribute students and facilities more equally across the geographic region of the district. Manaugh elementary and the preschool will be closed; the students moved to replacement buildings for Mesa and Kemper. Pleasant View will be replaced with a new elementary school serving the outlying region. Lewis-Arriola will be repurposed as an outlying, separate middle school. A new high school on a new site will be built and a new central transportation building will be considered. This option anticipates population growth and demand for facilities outside of Cortez. The option also provides new facilities and educational suitability at all grade levels throughout the district,as well as a choice of middle schools. This option will have measurable energy savings and operational savings but less transportation savings. Option 4 would be the most costly option. (Approximately $125 Million Total Project Cost)
Option 3 Option 3 is a longer-term plan to incrementally replace the existing schools on their present sites. Each school would remain independent as they are in the current arrangement but would all be in new buildings. (The preschool and Middle school would only receive significant upgrades.)There would be significant energy savings but not as much operational or transportation savings. Option 3 would be one of the more costly options and have the longest time frame. (Approximately $108 Million Total Project Cost) “The results of the survey will be considered by the school board and planning team as they develop additional, more detailed, planning options.” - Lyn Eller, architect.
Option 5 is an aggressive consolidation scheme which results in only four school facilities for the district. The Preschool, Mesa, Manaugh and Lewis-Arriola elementaries, and Cortez Middle school would be closed. A new high school would be constructed on a new site. 3 new Preschoolthrough-8th grade schools would be built on the Kemper, Pleasant View, and vacated High School sites. This option would provide significant energy savings, operational and transportation savings, and allow for big improvements to the district educational offerings / programs. It would be one of the more costly options. (Approximately $101 Million Total Project Cost)