Imperialism in China and Japan Aggressive territorial expansion of China and Japan started from the late 1700’s to the early 1900’s when they thought of themselves as imperial nations. Imperialism is the act of extending the rule of a nation over other peoples. Due to these thoughts and actions came some negative and positive outcomes. Trading is the act or process of buying selling, or exchanging commodities, at either wholesale or retail, within a country or between countries. In 1842 the British made the Chinese become more accepting to the fact that they would open five ports to foreign trade because of the fact that they had cut of all sources into the outside world which isolated them from the world. This caused China to want to expand but while doing so stronger powers started their own sphere of influence in China. A sphere of influence is any area in which one nation wields dominant power over another or others in this case the bigger nations like Russia, France, Germany, and Great Britain were taken bits and pieces of China for themselves. It wasn’t until a man by the name of John Hay proposed the Open Door Policy in 1899 was there any equality between all the nations for trading rights in China. A problem that arose which was the boxer rebellion started when a secret group called the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists (Boxers). These men began by assaulting foreign missionaries and Chinese Christians which then in turn these men lead a siege to the city of Beijing and this event is now know as the Boxer Rebellion. Japan was also another country that was pressured into opening ports but his time by the United States. Matthew Perry a man that was sent by President Millard Fillmore of the United States to show Japan how strong the U.S navy was. This caught the attention of the Japanese because they now realized that they were far behind in their advance in military technology which would make it hard to defend them. So Japan began to bring their military up to date and started to seek other lands to control like Taiwan, Korea, and Manchuria. Russia wanted Japan for their own so the Russo-Japanese War began which had effect on both Japan and Russia. The problem now was that Japan came out of the war as the clear victor and became a major power to be specific it was the number one power in Asia. Meaning that Japan wanted to catch up with the total expansion of America which meant that all they desired was land. Roosevelt sent the Great White Fleet which was four fleets of battleships to impress upon the Japanese that the United States was the number one power and always will be. Every great begin had to come from a series of negative and positive events especially imperialism of Japan and China. Expanding is the increase in extent, size, volume and scope which will in turn create or help to build a strong, self-governing imperial nation. Both China and Japan were very isolated at the beginning of the 1700’s but by the 1900’s they were very sustainable and independent imperial nations.