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The big jump from one primary-extractive society to a knowledge-based society is only possible if we act in different areas, but mainly in the generation and transfer of knowledge, and the training of people and institutions of excellence. In this context we are creating the ideal environment to increase a systemic productivity of the country and develop new research areas such as: Bio-Science, Information and Communication Technologies, Nano-Science, Alternative Energy, among others. One of the milestones is the profound and irreversible change in the higher education system in the country, where merit and quality is currently the standard that conducts the country’s universities and we will never surrender. We share with you the progress and challenges in the way to achieving this dream: Ecuador, Country of Knowledge. Augusto X. Espinosa A.

Coordinating Minister, Coordinating Ministry of Knowledge and Human Talent


Justice, equality of merit, respectful treatment of the human being, full equality under the law: that is the revolution JosĂŠ MartĂ­


0,48

2007

2012 National

Source: INEC-ENEMDU

0,52 0,50 0,46

Fair and supportive country

0,55

0,44

2007 Urban

Income inequality decreased by 13% between 2007 and 2012 in Ecuador 6

2012 Rural Source: INEC-ENEMDU

(The closer to zero the more equitable is the country) Elaboration: MCCTH

7


11,2%

2007

2012 National Source: INEC-ENEMDU

33,3% 23,3% 7,0% 5,0% Urban

Rural 2007

2012

Committed to the needy

16,5%

Source: INEC-ENEMDU

39,3%

37,5% 22,3% 15,7%

Indigenous

Over 600 thousand people have come out of extreme poverty between 2007 and 2012 8

2007

Afro-Ecuadorian 2012 Source: INEC-ENEMDU

Percentage of people living in extreme poverty based on income Elaboration: MCCTH

9


5,0%

2008

2012

Source: SENPLADES

Perception of public services quality. Average rating (out of 10)

Quality public service

5,4%

25,0%

21,0%

2008

2012 Source: SENPLADES

Increasingly, citizens perceive a quality public service 10

Percentage of people who mention that poorly prepared moment of processing any formalities Elaboration: MCCTH

11


The purpose of education in virtue is the keen desire of becoming a perfect citizen Plat贸n


5,2%

2009

2011

4,8%

3,2%

2008

Ecuador

2009 Average Latin America and the Caribbean Source: MINEDUC-CEPAL

Expenditure on the Education sector as percentage of the GDP 1,9%

1,7%

We prioritize education

5,0%

1,3% 0,5%

2008

2009

20111

Ecuador

Ecuador is one of the countries in Latin America with a greater investment in education 14

2009 Average South America 2 Source: MF-BCE-UNESCO

Public expenditure on higher education as percetage of the GDP 2

1 GDP Forecast Includes Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil and Peru

Elaboration: MCCTH

15


611,6

2009

2012 Source: SENESCYT

Universities’ cumulative investment

We invest in higher education

3.069,0

(US millions)

In the last 4 years, more than 3 billion dollars were intended for public universities 16

Elaboration: MCCTH

17


75,0%

ENES 18/02/2012

ENES 24/11/2012 Source: SENESCYT

Results of the National Examination of Higher Education - ENES - Spanish acronyms upon summons (Percentage of approval)

43.179

11.679 325 General leveling

9 out of 10 young people pass the higher education national examination and 55 thousand high school students take the general compensatory/leveling course 18

Career Leveling Special Leveling for the

We democratize Higher Education

90,1%

High-Performance Group (GAR - Spanish Acronyms) Source: SENESCYT

Leveling of high school students (2012) Elaboration: MCCTH

19


25,2%

2007

2012 National Source: INEC-ENEMDU

18,7% 14,4%

14,3%

9,9%

Quintile 1

Quintile 2 2007

2012 Source: INEC-ENEMDU

100 thousand low-income students are now attending college 20

Greater access to higher education

28,6%

Net enrollment rate in higher education

Elaboration: MCCTH

21


35,4%

2007

2012 National Source: INEC-ENEMDU

26,5%

12,7%

14,3%

Indigenous

Afro-Ecuadorian 2007

87 thousand indigenous and afro-ecuadorian students go to college 22

17,0%

Higher education for everyone

39,6%

2012 Source: INEC-ENEMDU

Gross enrollment rate in higher education Elaboration: MCCTH

23


273,2

1973-2006

2007-2012 Source: IECE

Educational Credit (US millions)

9.158

2.917 1.447

Undergraduate

Postgraduate

We foster access to education

593,5

Others 1 Source: IECE

granted twice as much educational credit than it has ever been granted in the last 33 years, thus 24

Educational credits granted according to the study level (2012) 1

Includes: Middle school, research and compensatory

Elaboration: MCCTH

25


Noruega Países Bajos 3 Finlandia 4 80

Bélgica 51

Canadá 63

Reino Unido 205

Estados Unidos 842

España 1075 Portugal 5

Cuba 87 Puerto Rico México 114 2 Guatemala Colombia 1 39 Venezuela Costa Rica 4 44 ECUADOR 4409 Perú Brasil 20 76 Bolivia 1 Chile 186

Rusia 12

Suecia 11 Alemania 88 Ucrania 8 Hungría 1 Italia 70 Francia 191

Corea del Sur 1

China Israel 4 6 Emiratos Árabes Unidos India 1 1

Japón 5

Hong Kong 1 Tailandia 1

Otros 238 Sudáfrica 2

Singapur 1

Australia 415

Uruguay 6 Argentina 169

Nueva Zelanda 5

Young Ecuadorians attend the best schools in the world

Islandia 1

More than 8,500 scholarship holders are studying in 50 countries Number of scholarship holders per country of destination1 (January - December)

1

Includes scholarship holders under study, scholarship holders under compensation, awardees; national and international scholarship programs Source: SENESCYT Elaboration: MCCTH

27


156 2000-2006

2007-2012 Source: SENESCYT

Number of scholarships granted

1

49,3

2,5 2008

2012

Source: SENESCYT

Investment in scholarships

Between 2007 and 2012 we have granted 56 times more scholarships than in the 3 previous governments altogether 28

(US millions) 1

Investment in scholarships, investment in the future

8.673

Includes scholarship holders under study, scholarship holders under compensation, awardees; national and international scholarship programs Elaboration: MCCTH

29


6.241

2.443 1.119 0 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012 Source: IAEN

Number of trained public servants 7.452

We improve public service

12.344

1.390

Public Servants

We have trained more than 22 thousand public servants in 4 years 30

Public workers Source: SECAP

Number of trained public servants and workers in 2012 Elaboration: MCCTH

31


Science is the soul of the prosperity of nations and the living source of all progress Louis Pasteur


47,6

2008

2012 Source: MF-e-SIGEF

Executed budget (US millions)¹

737

205

2006

2012 2 Source: SENESCYT

We doubled the budget in research, science and technology and we have strengthened the human talent with 737 researchers 34

Number of researchers participating in IPI3

We double the investment in science and technology

103,0

12008: Accrued, 2012: Accrued + Advance payment 3Public Research Institutes

2 Corresponds to the cumulative until 2012 3 Institutos Públicos de Investigación

Elaboration: MCCTH

35


16

2011

2012 Source: SENESCYT

Number of R+D+i research projects

11,3

2,7

2011

Researh and development are national priorities

35

2012 Source: SENESCYT

Investment in R+D+i projects (US millions)

14-million-dollar investment 36

Elaboration: MCCTH

37


1 1

Aquatic Ecology

1

Conservation and Biodiversity

1

Political Science

1

Energy

2

Agricultural Development and Sustainable Agriculture Information and Communication Technologies Innovation, Technology, Production and Logistics Environment

4 6 6 12

Natural Resources

15 32

Life Sciences

Number of Prometeos

Source: SENESCYT

(per line of research) 14,64 11,35

2011

14.64 million dollars invested to train young researchers in Ecuador 38

We repatriate the best minds

CyT's plans and policies Information Technology Engineering

2012

Source: SENESCYT

Cumulative Investment in Prometeo Project (US millions) Elaboration: MCCTH

39


Vaccinations and Antidotes Source: INSPI

932.850 27.308

Research and diagnostics

Health research at the service of the citizens

1.861.677

Health Registrations Source: INSPI

More than 2.8 million products and services delivered in 2012 thanks to health research 40

Number of Public Health products and services (2012) Elaboration: MCCTH

41


We have prioritzed mapping, marine and mining research in the country 43


We build a Fair and Supportive Knowledge-based Society

We have developed new techniques in aid of food sovereignty 44

45


The principle goal of education in the schools should be creating men and women who are capable of doing new things, not simply repeating what other generations have done; men and women who are creative, inventive and discoverers, who can be critical and verify, and not accept, everything they are offered Jean Piaget


Amazon Regional University IKIAM

IKIAM will be the cornerstone of biodiversity research in the country 49


Yachay University First-ever planned city of the country where the Experimental Technology Research University - YACHAY will be located 51


University of Arts Universidad de las Artes will train professionals thinking and a transformative social awareness towards the Buen Vivir

53


UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE EDUCACIĂ“N

National University of Education UNAE

Future teachers will be trained now in a quality-based university that specializes in education and teaching methodology

55


From the healthy education of the youth, depends the happiness of nations Don Bosco


12.596

2010

2012 National

Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

9.999 8.059 4.537

Female

5.253

Male 2010

2012 Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

By 2012, more than 2,500 teachers have a postgraduate degree in the educational national system 58

Better prepared teachers forge a better future

15.252

Number of Teachers with postgraduate degree

Elaboration: MCCTH

59


2007

2012 National Source: INEC-ENEMDU

60,9%

70,0% 54,0% 34,2%

Urban

Rural 2007

2012 Source: INEC-ENEMDU

From 2007 to 2012, we have increased 57% teenagers from rural areas who attend high school 60

High school education plants hope in every corner of the country

63,9%

51,2%

Net attendance rate in High school

Elaboration: MCCTH

61


33,5%

28,5%

Afro-Ecuadorian 2007

53,8% 36,1%

Quintile 1

62

Indigenous 2012

Source: INEC-ENEMDU

60,0% 43,5%

Quintile 2 2007

Between 2007 and 2012, 61% more afro-ecuadorian youngsters and 78% more indigenous youngsters go to high school

50,8%

2012

Source: INEC-ENEMDU

More inclusion of our youngsters in high school

53,9%

Net attendance rate in High school

Elaboration: MCCTH

63


20.963

2011

2012

Source: MRL

Number of children and adolescents disengaged from child work

248.389

We reduce child work

102.150

247.477

140.217 73.741

5 - 14 a単os

281 thousand children and adolescents between 5 and 17 years of age stopped working during the period 2007 - 2012 64

15 - 17 a単os 2007

2012

Source: INEC-ENEMDU

Number of children and adolescents who work (age groups) Elaboration: MCCTH

65


35,6%

2007

2012 National Source: INEC-ENEMDU

61,5%

60,1%

45,1% 27,7%

Afro-Ecuadorian 2007

Indigenous 2012 Source: INEC-ENEMDU

183 thousand less children and adolescents state that they do not attend school due to economic grounds 66

Opportunity, equality and hope

59,1%

Grounds for non-attendance, due to lack of resources, between 5 and 17 years of ageยน

1

Calculation based on the young people who do not attend school

Elaboration: MCCTH

67


91,4%

2007

2012 National Source: INEC-ENEMDU

95,8% 94,3% 88,9%

2007

89,7%

2012 Indigenous

2007

2012 Afro-Ecuadorian

Primary education with equity

95,6%

Source: INEC-ENEMDU

9 out of 10 enrolled children attend school 68

Net attendance rate in Primary Education

Elaboration: MCCTH

69


90,4%

2007

2012

Afro-Ecuadorian Source: INEC-ENEMDU

94,8%

92,8%

89,8%

89,0%

2007

2012 Quintile 1

9 out of 10 low-income children have access to primary education. since 2007 more than 25 thousand afro-ecuadorian children have access to school 70

2007

2012 Quintile 2

Primary Education for everyone

95,8%

Source: INEC-ENEMDU

Net enrollement rate in Primary Education Elaboration: MCCTH

71


We educate to have a homeland

Universalization of Primary Education 73


Under operation Under execution To be executed Source: MINEDUC

Units of the Millenium UEM-Spanish Acronyms 69,1

Quality public education

Status of the Educational:

32,8 24,8

26,2

2009

2010

19,2 5,3

We have invested more than 69 million dollars in the educational units of the millenium 74

2007

2008

2011

2012 Source: MINEDUC

Cumulative investment in Educational Units of the Millenium (US millions) Elaboration: MCCTH

75


5.378

20101

2012 Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

Educational institutions with access to internet

2.012

238 2009

Between 2009 and 2012, 65% more educational institutions have access to internet. we have provided 8 times more to the educational institutions with technological equipment 76

2012

Source: MINTEL

Educational units with equipment 1

We educate with the best technology

8.848

2009-2010 Commencement Elaboration: MCCTH

77


200

2011

2012

Source: MINTEL

Operational Infocenters 35,5 27,9

Years of creation of the Infocenters 2010 2011 2012

Source: MINTEL

Nearly half million ecuadorians have free access to infocenters (information centers) across the country 78

2011

20121

Free access to technology

373

Source: MF-e-SIGEF

Cumultive investment in Connectivity and Equipment (US millions) ยนIncludes: a)Provision of connectivity and equipment for public schools and social development agencies nationwide b) Universal Access Program c) Connectivity provision to social customers by using ADSL technologies

Elaboration: MCCTH

79


2,75

2007

2011 Source: UIT

ICTs’ development index TIC

6,81 5,95 3,31

4,16

We reduce the digital gaps

3,68

1,62 0,60 Skills

From 2007 to 2011, we democratized the use and access to infomation and communication technologies 80

Access 2007

Use 2011

Source: UIT

ICTs’ development sub-index Elaboration: MCCTH

81


Coverage 2010

9 out of 10 children receive free school texts in primary education 82

More children have free books

Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

Coverage 2012 Elaboration: MCCTH

83


Coverage 2010

More than 1 million children receive free uniforms in the primary education system 84

More children have free uniforms

Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

Coverage 2012 Elaboration: MCCTH

85


Coverage 2010

More than 1.6 million children receive free school meals during primary education 86

More children have free school breakfast

Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

Source: MINEDUC-AMIE

Coverage 2012 Elaboration: MCCTH

87


89,3%

2010

2011 National Source: MINEDUC-AMIE; INEC-Poblaciones proyectadas

Seeming rate of admissions

88

Elaboration: MCCTH

More children are entering primary

95,5%

89


MCCTH TOWARD THE COUNTRY OF KNOWLEGE, ADVANCES AND CHALLENGES 2013 Information General Coordination, Follow-up and Assessment MCCTH/1st issue - Quito, 2013 89 slides The contents of the document may be quoted and reproduced provided that they are for commercial purposes and on the condition of recognizing the corresponding credits by referring the bibliographic source. Š MCCTH, 2013 This issue by: Coordinating Ministry of Knowledge and Human Talent MCCTH Av. Patria y Av. 10 de Agosto Quito, Ecuador Tel: (593) 3946800 www.conocimiento.gob.ec Design, layout and printing: La Guaragua (info@laguaragua.com) We thank the Presidence of the Republic and all the public institutions for their cooperation with the photographic material and information for this publication.


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