Vol.25 No11 February 2012
In this issue 4 President’s message 4 Chamber’s Activities • Programme on Bridging Skill Gap for Improving
Employability of Technical workforce • Talk by Mr David Willey, Deputy ViceChancellor, Bournemouth University, UK on Corporate Social Responsibility: Its Importance for Industry and Education • India Corporate & Investor Meet • Water Expo 2012 • Programme on Vodafone Path breaking case – Policy v/s Jurisprudence • Training Programme on Team Building • Visit of Western Australian Parliamentary Delegation • The India-UK Economic Partnership – Address by Mr Jeremy Browne, MP, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, UK • Programme on Business Process Management –The True Differentiator • Indo-US Partnership in Port & Maritime Sector • Discussion meeting on Tamilnadu VAT Act • MCCI-MMA Video Discussion on “Can you Help me”?
UK India Partnership – T Shivaraman, Vice-President, MCCI, handing over the Coffee Table Book to Jeremy Browne, UK Minister of State for Foreign Affairs.
4 General Committee 4 SPOT LIGHT
National Water Policy 4 4 4 4 Indo-US Partnership in Port & Maritime Sector – G K Vasan, Hon’ble Minister for Shipping addressing the gathering.
Policy Watch Representations MCCI’s suggestions on Companies Bill Reduction in the sensitive list for the Least Developed countries under SAFTA Agreement
4 Economic Review
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Union Budget 2012 – Cruel or Kind? Dear members Another Budget has come and gone! The Union Budget this year had a complex background. The global economic crisis was deepening and India was very much impacted by it. Domestically, rising inflation, high interest rates, dwindling investments and a plunging IIP, completed the gloomy picture. On the political front, there were elections in five States, with the next General Elections not too far away. Hence there was a lot of pre- budget speculation on whether the Government would attempt a ‘reformist“ budget or play safe. As always, the media hype leading up to Budget day reached a crescendo, followed by the inevitable paralysis by analysis, over the days following the budget! It never ceases to amaze me that people expect the Finance Minister to wave a magic wand and right every wrong. As I had previously written, the toughest job in this country is undoubtedly his and with the compulsions of coalition politics added on, it must be one of the toughest jobs in the world!
Let us begin with the headline numbers. The revised fiscal deficit for 2011-12 stands at 5.9% of GDP and is pegged at 5.1% for 2012-2013. However, the revenue estimates appear to be slightly ambitious, given the recent track record of the Government. While the across the board increase in excise duty to a peak of 12% and the increase in service tax rates along with widening the tax net will certainly boost revenues, this has to be weighed against the possible slowdown in several sectors of the economy. Again, it remains to be seen whether these statements of intention will actually translate into action.
Other much talked about reforms like GST, New Companies Bill, DTC etc., have not got off the ground. Neither is there any indication of specific time lines as to when they will see the light of day.
The Union budget this year could not have been a path breaking one, given the various political and economic compulsions. But there were some expectations of measures to boost investor confidence and to propel growth. Sadly, the preoccupation with augmenting revenues and achieving a lower fiscal deficit seem to have over shadowed the growth measures. We do indeed live in taxing The relaxation in rules and the reduc- times! tion of withholding tax on External Commercial Borrowings to 5% for Best wishes sectors such as power, airlines, ports, etc., enhanced thrust to infrastructure development and extending the viability gap funding to increased categories, the weighted deduction for R&D, incen- T T Srinivasaraghavan tivising Skill Development initiatives President with additional funds allocation, the deepening of bond market, and introduction of advance pricing mechanism to reduce transfer pricing disputes, are to be welcomed. TDS on capital gains for immovable property transactions, tax on share premium received by companies in excess of market value of shares, MAT for all forms of business etc., are some of the ambiguous proposals which could throw open lot of challenges for compliance and lead to litigation. GAAR is fine only if the process is fair and transparent. Otherwise it could end up in undue harassment. Retrospective amendments to address Vodafone like situations, bringing domestic related party transactions under the ambit of transfer pricing are clearly retrograde steps.
CHAMBER’S ACTIVITIES 4th February 2012:
courses with accreditation in future.
Programme on Bridging Skill Gap for Improving Employability of Technical Workforce:
This was followed by a presentation by Mr
Mr P M Belliappa, Mentor, ABS Chennai,
Ravi Kannan, Consultant who touched on
referred to the rapid changes in technology
impact of skill deficit in Engineers, gaps in
and various other sectors in the 21st century
knowledge which has an impact on industry,
and said both the business professionals and
poor problem solving capability, etc. He
the youth are compelled to keep pace and if
said empowering the diploma holders who
they do not, they will be left behind.
Chennai is fast emerging as the hub for manufacturing industry. However, of late, the industry has been experiencing acute shortage of skilled work force. Members of the Chamber had identified the need for bridging the skill gap of technical work
are involved with the process will be more beneficial. He spoke about why people are important and said these days the demand is for people with multiple skills.
force as a pre-requisite for faster economic
Mr D K Pradhan, COO of the Centre made
growth of industry and society. As part of
a presentation on low cost automation.
its 175th year celebrations, the Chamber had
The objective was to understand the basic
launched the project for setting up a Centre
concepts of Industrial Automation techniques,
for Vocational Training & Skill Development
maintenance and trouble shooting.
with the support of its members.
Other presentations were by Bashgo
The Chamber thought it appropriate to
Maintenance Services, ONWARD Technology
have brainstorming session with the major
and College of Innovation and Industry Skills,
stakeholders in the skill development initiative.
This programme aimed at bringing together the industry and the academic institutions to develop various modules for technical professionals to meet the requirement of the manufacturing sector.
There was a brain storming session during which the participants, in groups, came up with specific ideas for bridging the knowledge gap.
Secretary General of the Chamber briefly
6th February 2012:
described the activities of the Chamber and
is Sustainable Development. Two major
Talk by Mr David Willey, Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Bournemouth University, UK on Corporate Social Responsibility: Its Importance for Industry and Education:
initiatives (a) setting up of a Vocational Training
The Chamber in association with Association
Committees. The purpose of this programme was to seek the opinion of the participants as to how the Chamber can move forward. She said the overall theme for this year
and Skill Development Centre and (b) Launch of a Sustainable Chennai Forum which deals with Energy, water, Waste Management and Transport – were taken up. She said the aim of MCCI’s Skill Development Centre is to train youth in specific skills that are required by the industry thus aiding development of industry and the region. Our immediate focus would be short term courses and customized programmes while the Chamber would be looking for long term 4
the centre of Education, Music, Dance, Culture and Politics!. Addressing the gathering, Mr David Willey said that CSR covers the relationship between the corporations and societies with which they interact and often involves trade-offs between competing issues, particularly profit and addressing broader stakeholder and global concerns. He said CSR is a commitment to improve community well being through discretionary business practices and contributions of corporate resources. While there is no universal definition of corporate social responsibility, it generally refers to transparent business practices that are based on ethical values, compliance with
Welcoming the participants, Mrs K Saraswathi,
the expertise it has through its various Expert
He welcomed Mr David Willey to Chennai,
of British Scholars, Chennai (ABS) organized this meet in the Conference Room of the Chamber.
legal requirements and respect for people, communities and the environment. The four prevailing drivers were : • Moral obligation • Sustainability • Licence to operate and • Reputation He referred to the 3 “P”s – People, Planet and Profit and said corporates should follow fair and beneficial business practices towards labour, community; not use child labour
Mr T Shivaraman, Vice-President of the
knowingly; pay fair salaries to its workers,
Chamber briefed the speaker and those
provide safe working environment, good
present about the Chamber’s activities.
working conditions for employees and
He made a special mention of the recently
contribute to its community e.g. health
concluded Logistics Course at the MOP
care and education. Coming to Planet he
Vaishnav College as also the initiatives
said corporates should follow sustainable
of the Chamber in establishing a Skill environmental practices; carefully manage
CHAMBER’S ACTIVITIES consumption of energy and non-renewables;
and the Madras Chamber was one of the co-
Sessions namely (a) CSR (b) Corporate
reduction in manufacturing waste; and treat
organisers of the event.
Governance (c) Investor related Issues and
toxic chemicals in a safe and legal manner.
Addressing the gathering the Union Minister
On profits he said, it should not be limited
for Corporate Affairs said that the Companies
to the internal profit made by a company or
Bill was on the last mile stage and would
organization but it is the economic benefit
be passed during the budget session. The
enjoyed by the host society; it will have
Bill had been referred to the Parliamentary
lasting economic impact on its environment.
Standing Committee on Finance, which was
He then briefly touched upon the activities of Bournemouth University and said at BU
expected to finalise the content in a couple of meetings.
(d) New Initiatives – Companies Bill 2011 and Amendments to Schedule VI of XBRL. Mr T T Srinivasaraghavan, President of the Chamber chaired the session on Corporate Governance.
7th-9th February 2012:
Water Expo 2012:
sustainable development is about ensuring a
Hailing the National Competition policy
better quality of life for everyone, now and for
as a game changer, he termed it as the
The Indian Water Works Association (IWWA) is
generations to come.
second most important reform measure after
a voluntary body of professionals concerned
liberalization that aimed for inclusive growth.
and connected with water supply for
In countries such as the US where such
Municipal, Industrial, agricultural uses and
competition laws existed, crude petroleum
treatment and disposal of waste water. IWWA
prices had halved and inflation effectively
focuses basically on the entire ‘water cycle’
reined in and the same would happen India.
encompassing the environmental, social,
He ended his address with the final thought “Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted”. The programme was attended by some students as well and there was lively discussion.
He further said that the competition policy would dismantle anti-competition
Water Today’s Water Expo 2012 which is
mechanisms, check price manipulation and
South East Asia’s largest event on Waste
ensure free movement of goods.
Water & Wastewater management, was
7th February 2012:
According to the Minister, a National
India Corporate & Investor Meet :
Governance Policy was also in the pipeline
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India started the initiative of bringing national focus on the role and contribution of the corporate sector in India’s social and economic development through the India Corporate and Investor Meet in December
February 2012. The Expo was inaugurated by Mr D
sector. Another proposal under review was
Jayakumar, Hon’ble Speaker of the Tamilnadu
for the constitution of commercial benches in
Legislative Assembly. Our Chamber was one
21 High courts.
of the supporters of this event and on behalf
The recent Supreme Court order cancelling 122 licences of GSM operators will not have any bearing on foreign direct investment inflows to the telecom or any other sector.
This year, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs
He expected foreign investment to improve
6th to 11th February under the caption
held at the Chennai Trade Centre from 7-9th
to check fraudulent practices in the corporate
organized a week long programme from
institutional and financing issues.
as auctions in telecom ensured transparency that would benefit the country and the
“India Corporate and Investor Meet” in
major cities and the programme at Chennai
Asserting that as a member of the Empowered
was inaugurated on the 7th February. His
Group of Ministers, he had argued for the
Excellency the Governor of Tamilnadu was
auction route instead of a first-come-first
the Chief Guest while the Hon’ble Minister for
served policy in the allocation of spectrum, Dr
Corporate Affairs, Dr M Veerappa Moily was
Moily said though there could be a temporary
the Guest of Honour.
set back (following the order cancelling the
The programme was jointly organized by
licences) he expected the affected operators
the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and the
to participate in the auctions.
Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
After the inaugural, there were four Technical
of the Sustainable Chennai Forum of the Chamber, a stall was put up at the Expo which was visited by a large number of people.
Believe in yourself and trust your own wisdom rather than being swayed by the opinions of others. Jonathan Lockwood Huie
10th February 2012:
executive are not helping anybody. Only
Programme on Vodafone Path breaking case – Policy v/s Jurisprudence:
the judiciary can. Ultimately, judgements are
l P leases customers who like working with good teams
To discuss the recent judgement of the Supreme Court in the case of Vodafone,
normally philosophy driven. There was an interesting debate after which the meeting concluded with a vote of thanks by the Secretary General.
wherein the Government was asked to refund Rs.11000 crores to the company, and
especially the ability to respond to change
l P romotes the sense of achievement, equity and camaraderie, essential for a motivated work place l W hen managed properly, team work is a better way to work
11th February 2012:
Selflessness: Being able to work in a team shows
Quality Inn Sabari.
Training Programme on Team Building:
Mr Sriram Seshadri, Chairman of the
The Chamber organized a tailor-made team
Chamber’s Expert Committee on Direct Taxes,
building event for the executives of its
in his welcome remarks said that Vodafone’s
is one of the largest cases in India. There are
Equus Technology & HR Consultancy
is a more “hands-on” concept and tends to
Services provided the faculty. The objective
help people to learn by relating with others.
was – through discussion, brain storming,
Also being able to distribute the workload
game play, role play and goal setting, the
can pay off in a big way. A task can be
The issue basically relates to taxability of
programme will help sort out problems, put
accomplished faster and more efficiently if it
transfer of shares – whether the Indian
forward new ideas, plan the future, look at
is distributed evenly among group members.
Government has the right to tax, is there
the team’s purpose, vision and mission and
It doesn’t mean everybody doing the same
withholding tax obligation, etc. He
learn more about each other as people.
thing or every body being able to do each
wondered whether this decision will live past
Organisations that survive the twenty first
other’s jobs. It’s more a means to a synergistic
century will undoubtedly be characterized by
way of working.
Teamwork has become an important part of
our working and life culture today. Individuals,
competition. It is human nature wanting to
organisations and businesses have come to
be the best at something.
its ramifications from the tax and legal angle, the Chamber organized this meet at Hotel
tax issues as well as legal issues arising out of this case and therefore it is important to analyse both these.
16th March, the budget day and whether it is retrospective or prospective. One of the major issues in terms of understanding this ruling itself arose because of the two judgements being passed. That itself has thrown up several questions. He hoped Mr N Venkataraman, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court, would throw some light on
the realization that when using effective team work, more things are accomplished.
Why is Teamwork important? Mr Saba Rama
Mr Venkataraman said one cannot have
following eight good reasons:
a holding company and a subsidiary in one country. The treaty is nothing but a contract between two countries. When FDI investments come via the Mauritius route, it has a protection. According to Supreme Court, certainty is important. Investors have come, invested their money, the country is progressing. The whole judgement discusses about the genuineness of the Hongkong shares he said. He further said today the legislature or the
Rathnam, a Trainer and Mentor, gave the l C reates synergy – where the sum is greater than the parts l S upports a more empowered way of working, removing constraints which may prevent someone doing their job properly
selflessness and determination. There are many benefits to using team work in the work place. Fast learning is one benefit, because people tend to learn at a faster rate when working with other people. Team work
Creative enhancement: Teamwork enhances creativity. Working in a team we have others to suggest different concepts. This can bring new and innovative ideas to the organization. These benefits show exactly how important team work can be in the workplace. The trainer stressed that each player must be dedicated to the whole team and be willing to act unselfishly. When challenges arise (as
l P romotes flatter and leaner structures, with less hierarchy
they always do) the team needs to have the
l E ncourages multi-disciplinary work where teams cut across organizational divides
deal with them in a constructive and positive
l F osters flexibility and responsiveness,
T.E.A.M. – Together Everyone Achieves More
resources, accountability and commitment to manner.
14th February 2012
have started to impart training in some select
Visit of Western Australian Parliamentary Delegation:
trades including soft skills.
A high level Parliamentarian delegation from Western Australia led by Hon’ble Grant Woodhams, MLA, Member for Moore and Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia, National Party of Australia visited the Chamber and had an interaction meeting with the MCCI members. The other members of the delegation were:
Hon’ble Grant Woodhams addressed on India-Australia Trade, Business and Investment Prospects. He said trade between India and Australia is likely to be doubled in the next five years. Indian IT companies in Australia are doing very well. Knowledge is very welcome in WA as there is access to global technologies.
they can assist the mining industry in India. He invited members to “Look East” for furthering their business. On this occasion, a LETTER OF INTENT between the Madras Ch amber of Commerce & Industry (MCCI) and Australian Vocational Training and Employment Group Pvt.Ltd. (AVTEG) was signed. Under this LOI, both MCCI and AVTEG intend to work together to share knowledge and contacts related to the
Australian companies are constantly looking
planning and conduct of joint Skill Training
for harnessing new initiatives. There are
Programmes to be offered at the Centre
l M s Janine Freeman, MLA, Member for
opportunities in Education, faculty exchange,
established by the MCCI and also to work
Research and Development, etc. WA has
collaboratively to support the developments
world class expertise in mining as well and
from time to time.
Nollamara, Labour Party
l M r Anthony Simpson, MLA, Member for
Darling Range, Liberal Party
l M r Andrew Waddell, MLA, Member for
Forrestfield, Labour Party
l M rs Kirsten Robinson, Dy. Clerk of the
Legislative Assembly of Western Australia
They were accompanied by : l M r. David Holly – Consul-General,
Govt. of Australia
l M r. Michael Carter – Consul Commercial,
Govt. of Australia
l M r. Peter Forby – Regional Director,
Govt. of Western Australia
Mr T Shivaraman, Vice-President of the Chamber in his welcome remarks said MCCI is one of the oldest Chambers in the country founded in 1836. Though our jurisdiction is Southern India, we focus more on Tamilnadu. Tamilnadu is industrially active. It is a leader in automobiles, auto component industry, active in IT/ITES, health care, renewable energy, wind energy etc. Tamilnadu is also one of the most literate States in India. He said during our 175th year which just concluded, we have been focusing on a couple of things – one is sustainability and therefore have formed la Sustainable Chennai Forum. The second one is the Vocational and Skill Development Centre which we 7
14th February 2012:
trade relations or technical collaborations.
The India-UK Economic Partnership – Address by Mr Jeremy Browne, MP Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, UK:
He said the bilateral trade between the two
On the occasion of the visit of Mr Jeremy Browne, MP, UK Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, the Madras Chamber and British Deputy High Commission, Chennai, jointly organized a meeting at the Sheraton Park Hotel. Mr T Shivaraman, Vice-President of the Chamber presided. In his welcome remarks, Mr Shivaraman said that the Madras Chamber is the oldest Chamber in Southern India and was started in 1836. When I say 1836, naturally we began our journey as a British Chamber and that way, we definitely have to admit
countries is growing. India is the UK's 15th largest export market. In 2010, UK/India bilateral trade was worth around £13.8 billion. The volume of bilateral trade in goods
He said his government firmly believes that Innovation is the key to growth and the creative, dynamic model that he has seen here is the model that will sustain economic development and prosperity for the long term.
between India and the UK in 2004 was £4.5
He further said India is ambitious, its people
billion. The aim is to double bilateral trade
are aspirational. India demands the best
with India in another five years. The Queen’s
in the world. UK has much to offer that is
speech on 25th May 2010 mentioned about
world class and that India needs on its path to
the desire of an ‘enhanced partnership’ with
become an economic super power.
He referred to India’s ambitious plan to
There are lot of high level delegations and
train 500 million people by 2020, which is
visits happening in the past confirming the
a significant challenge set by India. He said
above. He said Mr Browne was also in Delhi
UK has an outstanding reputation for both
a few months back and he expressed his
higher and vocational education. Four of the
happiness that he chose to visit Chennai and
world’s top ten universities are British.
address this elite audience on a very timely subject.
He said UK welcomes Indian students to British Universities with open arms. Of the
that our linkages with the UK are stronger. It
Today the businesses across the globe
400,000 foreign students in the UK, 40,000
is interesting to know from the history that
are undergoing tremendous challenges.
are from India and British Universities are keen
the first Indian President to the Chamber
There are opportunities as well. Economic
to partner with Indian institutions to deliver
came only in the year 1965. The Chamber
partnerships between countries would help
courses in India.
had been an integral part of the industrial
to leverage the strengths of different players
and infrastructural development of the State
and could lead to a win- win situation.
over the years and continues to be so even in this modern era. It is the strong value base of the Chamber and the adaptability to the changing times and even at times, staying ahead of time, made the Chamber sustain and succeed in the last many years. We had celebrated our 175th anniversary in 2011 and now moving on towards our
Madras Chamber has always been proactive and committed to foster such partnerships among industries and commerce. He said the Chamber would be very happy to work with the BDHC and do our bit to strengthen the economic partnership between Tamil Nadu particularly and the UK.
UK has been a staunch advocate of EU Free Trade agreements including that with India which he hoped to see concluded this year. Mr Jeremy said UK’s interest is not just economic. India is a major power and they want to see that it is properly represented on the international stage. They have been forthright in their support for a permanent seat for India on the UN Security Council.
bicentenary. The recent initiatives of the
Thanking the Chamber for the opportunity
Chamber in setting up a Vocational and Skill
given to him to address its members, Mr
Development Centre and the launch of the
Jeremy Browne said it is a great honour to
Sustainable Chennai Forum are testimonies of
be here during which time he would like to
our staying tuned to the current demands of
make the case for an enhanced partnership
the industry and economy.
between the UK and India.
Our linkages with the UK still continue,
He said South India, Tamilnadu and Chennai
different types of English language courses
may be from a different platform and in fact
are the furnace that drives India’s economic
to improve efficiency and productivity in the
on a much stronger business note now.
engine. There are many models of growth.
The Chamber has the cream of industrial
He said he was struck by the extent to which
members who contribute to the majority of
development has been based on innovation,
the investment in the State. Many of them
free-thinking and entrepreneurial spirit. These
carry closer business ties with the UK - be it
are attributes that India shares with the UK.
Giving a snapshot of UK’s presence in Chennai he said, British Council’s Project English in Tamilnadu is one of the largest programmes anywhere in India. British Council’s Teaching Centre in Chennai has trained over 15,000 students and professionals. It offers 10
In respect of Healthcare, University of Southampton is working with MV Hospital for Diabetes in research and commercialization of
technology while Imperial College is working
modify business processes is a source of
in his address said if any organization
with Diabetes Research Centre in diabetes
competitive advantage. The importance
needs process management, they need to
of process management is even stronger in
contact a management consultant. Process
industries where knowledge and human
management is nothing but the way you
interactions play a bigger role than ‘products’
conduct your business, after you decide on
that tend to be similar, such as in financial
your strategy, product, etc.
Other sectors where UK’s presence could be felt was in Climate Change and Energy, Automotive/advanced manufacturing,
investors, financial services, technology and Defence. There was an interesting Q&A session during
services. BPM requires rigour, boundaryless thinking, collaborative culture, change
Process changes and process improvements
management and executive sponsorship.
help us with standing operating procedures.
BPM is a discipline of modeling, executing,
how do you define a process and (2) what do
tracking, evaluating and modifying business
Two things which are of importance is that (a) you want to gain out of it.
which Mr Browne answered the queries of
processes, in response to the unique
circumstances and characteristics of the
He also said that there should be a monitoring
In his Vote of Thanks, Mr Mike Nithavrianakis,
mechanism in place to make best use of BPM.
British Deputy High Commissioner thanked
The programme was supported by Cordys,
the Minister for visiting Chennai and said it
a new generation technology platform
showed the priority of the British government
company set up by Jan Baan, who had earlier
Mr Narendra Shukla, Vice-President & Director of Cordys Asia, then addressed on BPM. He also spoke about SAP/ERP and said a platform should have the ability to integrate all the applications together. It should also be the platform to give the facility to be able to use the application that one wants. He extensively spoke about the flagship product of Cordys namely Business Operations Platform which combines in one unified stack, three capabilities – Rapid Application Development, Application Integration and Business Process Management. He said Cordys is a market leader in India in this domain with l4 banks, 8 insurance companies and four of the larger conglomerates in India as customers.
to further the partnership that already exists. created Baan, a leading ERP of its time. He also thanked the Chamber for partnering with BDHC in organizing the event and said MCCI will be an important element in forging this partnership. Already, BDHC was working with MCCI in the project “Sustainable Chennai”.
Welcoming the gathering, Mr Clynton Almeida,
Committee on IT/ITES said that the history of BPM is long and rich. Business process has been an intrinsic aspect of our daily living and has been in existence from time immemorial. Many civilisations, many wars were fraught
16th February 2012
Programme on Business Process Management – The True Differentiator: The Chamber organized an exclusive session on Business Process Management – The True
using business process management. He said a Business process or business method is a collection of related structured activities or tasks that produce a specific service or product for a particular customer or customers. Today it is becoming more and more important for organisations to be able
Differentiator at Hotel GRT Grand Convention
l E valuate and benchmark their overall
BPM is a holistic management approach
operational efficiency against
focused on aligning all aspects of an
organization with the needs of customers. It
l Increase process accuracy and
promotes business effectiveness and efficiency
while striving for innovation, flexibility and
l Have better control and visibility across
integration with technology. BPM enables
organizations to be more efficient, more
l A dapt to changing business
effective and more capable of change than
environment thus leading to better
a functionally focused, traditional hierarchical
profits, customer satisfaction and overall
In a business environment where change
is endemic, the ability to flexibly and rapidly
Management Consulting, KPMG Services,
Mr. Malli J Sivakumar, Co-chairman of the
optimization of resources processes
Mr Rommal Fernando, General Manager – IT, Mahindra & Mahindra gave the user’s perspective and said his company has been using the applications for the last 18 months and they were quite satisfied with the products.
Chamber’s IT/ITES Committee in his vote of thanks said that this is an important and timely topic for discussion and to understand. He thanked Mr Naren Shukla for giving an idea of what Cordys does. He also thanked Cordys for coming forward to sponsor the event. The programme which was attended by
about 80 persons, was followed by cocktails and dinner.
CHAMBER’S ACTIVITIES 21st February 2012:
He further said India is on the rise, its economy
towards achieving the objectives contained
Indo-US Partnership in Port & Maritime Sector:
has opened up and its middle class is
in the Maritime agenda.
A US Port Mission was in Chennai on 21st
any other large country over the next 20 -25
February and the Chamber in association
years. But this growth also poses challenges.
with US Commercial Service, Chennai
Unfortunately India’s infrastructure isn’t
organized a meeting at Hotel Raintree, Anna
keeping pace with its growth and because of
Salai. The delegation was led by Mr Francisco
this, commercial relations between India and
Sanchez, Under Secretary of Commerce for
US are hindered by this reality.
International Trade, US Government.
booming. And in the long term, according to Morgan Stanley – India will grow faster than
He further observed that one of the obstacles holding them back is the insufficient
Government of India, was the Chief Guest.
infrastructure along the coastline. Indian ports
Welcoming the gathering, Mr T Shivaraman,
have experienced growing traffic in recent
Chamber for the benefit of the US delegates.
a major supplier of efficient and cost effective manpower. India trains and educates more than 3,000 marine engineers every year on an average. There is adequate scope for the Indian and American maritime training institutions to work in close collaboration to produce quality maritime human resource.
Mr G K Vasan, Hon’ble Minister for Shipping,
Vice-President, MCCI gave a brief about the
He further said India has positioned itself as
years he said but while activity has increased, capacity has not. And this means congestion
He also expressed concern about the instances of piracy off the coast of Somalia and the efforts of the Ministry of Shipping and the Ministry of External Affairs along with Indian Navy and other agencies to secure the release of Indian maritime personnel.
He said the Chamber was fully involved in the
at ports, costly delays and lost opportunities.
early stages of infrastructure development. It
He said US wants to be a part of India’s
has had significant responsibility in the early
development of the Port, the railways and the
posts and telegraph. The port and maritime
the mission are specialised port-related
sector have been a major interest for the
equipment suppliers and service providers.
Chamber given its historical linkages. He said
They offer products and services that would
the Chamber recently concluded a detailed
greatly enhance India’s coastal infrastructure.
study on development of ports in Tamilnadu.
They have done great work in America and
He hoped that the interaction would pave
US and India have always been close and
all over the world building communities and
the way for greater cooperation in the years
generating economic activity and they can do
to come between our two countries, in the
the same here in partnership with the Indian
business and people to people contacts have always been very strong even when political
In today’s globalised environment, shipping is a truly global activity where ships are built in one country, owned in another, registered in a third, managed in yet another, manned by crew from different countries and carry cargo and passengers between various destinations.
and diplomatic ties have been not so great. public and private sector.
Mr J Krishnan, Chairman, Logistics Committee
He said the Seminar would give the guests
The Inaugural address was delivered by Shri
of the Chamber, in his vote of thanks said
an overview of the current developments in
G K Vasan, Hon’ble Minister of Shipping,
MCCI is appreciative of the concern and care
Port & Maritime sector besides building B2B
Government of India.
the Minister has for our Chamber and for
contacts between US and Indian players in this sector.
He said for any development, particularly in the Port Sector, international collaborations
The keynote address was given by Mr
and partnerships are absolutely essential as
Francisco Sanchez, Under Secretary of
Ports are the major vehicles to promote exim
Commerce for International Trade, US
trade between different nations across the
Government. He said he was leading the
first ever ports and maritime trade mission to India and he is joined by 12 US companies who produce some of the world’s best products and services in this field. He said in Chennai and across South India, they have seen the great progress that has occurred as well as they have seen the great potential of the area. And they have seen its great needs – particularly with regard to infrastructure.
He said Ports undoubtedly play an important role in the economic development. Apprising the delegates of the recent developments in the ports and shipping sector in India, he said last January the Government launched the Maritime Agenda 2020, a vision document
spelling out Government of India’s policies for the development of maritime sector. He thanked the Minister for his good offices in eliminating the Chennai Trade Recovery, a point brought to his notice when he had addressed the Chamber in December last. He said the strength of the nation depends on its economy and the strength of the economy depends on the business. And Mr Sanchez is here to strengthen the business between the two nations and let this be a small step for a long partnership.
for the development for the maritime sector
After Coffee Break, the Mission members
over a period of ten years. He said the
introduced themselves and explained the
Ministry of Shipping is working relentlessly
areas of their interest.
CHAMBER’S ACTIVITIES This was followed by presentations by the
It handles low volume high value cargo.
He explained the investment opportunities in mechanised bulk cargo terminal, in Ship Repair Yard, in Hotelling, etc.
Mr Atulya Misra, IAS Chairman, Chennai Port Trust: Mr Misra gave the performance highlights of the Chennai port during 2010-11 during which there was a record throughput of
l Focused attention on policy reforms,
infrastructure needs, coastal and
inland waterway optimization, and
Mr G V L Satya Kumar
He also underlined the need for maritime
security in view of the constant piracy threats.
Visakhapatnam Port Trust:
The programme concluded with networking
61.46 MT, an increase of 0.66% over 2009-
The Visakhapatnam Port handles mainly iron
10. He gave the financial performance of the
ore, coking coal, crude and POL products.
port and also explained the development
Other items handled are fertiliser and raw
activities like RoRo cum multipurpose
materials, steel products and pig iron. 28th February 2012:
berth and multilevel car parking facilities,
Mr Satya Kumar detailed the infrastructure
development of barge jetty, deepening of Dr
Ambedkar Dock Basin, Channel, Proposed 8
lane gate project, rail and road connectivity projects, etc. He also gave brief details of cruise tourism through Chennai Port .
Mr S Velumani
l D eepening of channels
Discussion meeting on Tamilnadu VAT Act: The Chamber organised a Discussion Meeting on Tamilnadu Value Added Tax at
l D evelopment of additional berths with
Hotel Savera. Mr Sunil Paliwal, IAS., Secretary,
Commercial Taxes & Registration Department,
l M echanisation of existing berths
Government of Tamilnadu was the Chief Guest.
Chairman & Managing Director,
l U pgradation of existing berths
Ennore Port Ltd.
l I mprovement of rail/road connectivity;
President, Mr T T Srinivasaraghavan said
Mr Velumani said Ennore Port was developed
that the Chamber is in its 176th year and
for receiving coal for Thermal Power stations
l I mprovement of logistics facilities
of TNEB. It is the first major port incorporated as a company under the Companies Act. It is run on Landlord Model. EPL as Port authority invests and develops common infrastructure
utilities. The cargo handling facilities are developed and operated through Public
it is interesting to note that virtually since its inception in the 18th century, the key
He said the Maritime agenda envisages
focus area had been taxation. The Chamber
Visakhapatnam Port for development as a
has been involved and working with
Governments of the day in bringing about transparency and implementability of taxes.
such as dredging of harbor and channel/Rail and Road connectivity as well as common
Welcoming Mr Paliwal and the delegates,
Commodore S Shekhar Regional Director, National Maritime
Taxation is an important part of our agenda every year.
Foundation, Chennai Chapter
Most importantly the Chamber has always
projects which are under finalization. He said
Commodore Shekhar made a presentation
Ennore Port is an Environment Friendly Port.
on The Maritime Sector –India’s Strategic
the important duties of the corporate citizen.
Private Partnership. He also explained the
Ennore Port was accorded with “Mini Ratna
been of the view that paying taxes is one of The Chamber has always advocated that paying taxes is the bounden duty of all the
Category-I” PSU status in 2009 because of
He said India’s national interests were
its continued profit making performance.
Security, Economic Prosperity and Global role.
He also gave details of the projects under
He described India’s maritime interests – the
He also said that there were several occasions
need for a strategic road map as follows:
Mr Paul Antony, IAS
l E volution of an integrated ocean
caused hardship not only to our members but
Chairman, Cochin Port Trust:
to the business community as well. Larger
Giving the highlights and the future plans
l Strengthening of the Indian Navy as well
of Cochin Port, Mr Paul Antony said Cochin
Port is amongst the 13 major ports in India.
oriented national security policy
as the Mercantile marine
l C ooperation and collaboration in marine
when the Chamber had to take a view that some of the policies and procedures have
issues need to be brought to the attention of the Government he felt. GST has been on the radar now. All of us
CHAMBER’S ACTIVITIES are eagerly awaiting for the unveiling of GST as it will benefit all the stakeholders and it will do away with multiplicity of taxes. We understand there are political compulsions but we do hope that GST will see the light of the day sooner than later. There are many issues which require attention, and probably a better understanding of what the practical difficulties are. One such issue is the ‘C’Form – Tamilnadu has a problem where inter-State transactions are concerned. He said the delegates are eager to listen to the Secretary, Commercial Taxes, to know about the thinking of the government, what is the roadmap for GST, how they can facilitate greater compliance with tax laws in the State, etc. The Chamber, as it has done for the past 175 years, will extend its wholehearted support to the Government machinery to have a just and equitable tax regime. Mr P R Sudhakar, Chairman of the Chamber’s Expert Committee on VAT, dealt with a few important issues namely – Input tax credit, Amendment to Section 19 – sub-section 4, TDS provisions in respect of SEZ developers, works contract composition scheme etc. Mr Sunil Paliwal, addressing the gathering said having taken over as Secretary, Commercial Taxes Department only recently, he has been trying to understand the issues in all the tax laws and would address them one by one. The Chamber had submitted to him the points received from members and he said a few of them were valid points and he would consider them. Further he indicated that the Hon’ble Chief Minister has given permission to computerize the Commercial Taxes Department at a cost of Rs 230 crores. The process would be completed in the next 14 months.
State’s own tax rates. On GST he said, as of now, there is no unanimity between the thinking of the States and the Centre on many critical aspects – like the negative list of services. He said a very good iT infrastructure is required before GST is implemented. For establishing IT infrastructure, at least one year is required. Appreciating the openness of the Secretary, CT, the President said that he was one of the finest examples of transparency where a senor officer of the Government is willing to listen. He said there are administrative or ground level issues, there are difficulties and these could certainly be brought to the notice of his officers. As a Chamber, we are committed to a culture of compliance. Whenever there are little road blocks, it is our duty to bring to his notice. Proposing the vote of thanks, Mr P R Subramaniyan said about 60-70 percent of the revenue of the State comes from the members of our Chamber. He said when the Government plans to go on-line for issue of ‘C’ Forms, the CT Department could use the Chamber ‘s platform for launching the same. He also pointed out that business has been moving up to other States because of ITC issues in Tamilnadu. He thanked the Secretary, CT for his fair views and said the delegates were inspired by his address. Later the sessions were dealt with by the speakers as follows:Mr P R Sudhakar: - Input Tax Credit Scheme & Procedure - ITC on Inputs/Capital Goods/consumables – Peculiarities of TN VAT Act
about 70 delegates ended with lunch.
28th February 2012:
MCCI-MMA Video Discussion on “Can you Help me”? The topic for the monthly video discussion was Can you Help Me? The facilitator was Mr M.Alagiri. Though the video dealt with more on the sales side, there were takeaways for everyone. The highlights of the video were: l G reet the customer – maintain friendly rapport with the customer l Discover the wants and needs of the customer l Ask relevant questions based on facts and figures l Find out what the customer needs to know l Listen carefully l E xplain the benefits and features to the customer – it is of personal significance to them l Close the sale The basic points to be considered: l E very customer is different – same benefits may not suit all customers l H elp customers make the right decision l E nsure that you know your own products/services extremely well. Provide more data to the customer.
- ITC Reversal mechanism/stock transfer l Customer will appreciate special sale etc under T N VAT Act and suggestions for offers simplification l D o not argue with the clients
Regarding ‘C’ Forms, in the Government’s policy note last year, it has been indicated that the Government will issue ’C’ Forms online. Mr P R Subramaniyan: This requires some amendment to the rule. He hoped that in the next 2-3 months, this - Works contract – computation of VAT liability issues & concerns – suggestions for procedure should go online. simplification – composition scheme - T D S On taxes, he said the Commercial Taxes scheme and procedures and issues of concern Department is the major contributor to the 12
The programme which was attended by
l People will respect your honesty l U nderstand your competitors He said “Features tell – Benefits sell”. After a brief Q&A Session, the programme concluded.
GENERAL COMMITTEE 15th February 2012:
should be approached to be the Chief Guest.
The Committee held its monthly meeting on The Committee noted the number of 15th February during which it was apprised programmes organized by the Chamber of the initiatives of the Skill Development during the month and also noted the
still a few companies who had not remitted the subscription. A final decision will be taken about their continuity during the March meeting.
Centre. The Committee also decided to forthcoming programmes mainly the Union The Committee admitted Reva Phoenix approach corporates for suitable support for Budget telecast on 16th March and the Post Engineers & Consultants India Pvt.Ltd., Union Budget workshop on 17th March. and Amman TRY Sponge Power (P) Ltd. as
the development of this Centre. Discussing about the forthcoming AGM in June, the Committee felt that the Minister
The Committee suggested that the format of members. the workshop be slightly changed .
for Commerce & Industry, Mr Anand Sharma The Committee also noted that there were
The Chamber extends a warm welcome to the following new members: u Reva Phoenix Engineers & Consultants India Pvt.Ltd., Chennai Reva Chennai u
Amman TRY Sponge Power (P) Ltd., Nellore
Directory of Members 2011 Published in September 2011, the Directory contains useful information about member companies of the Chamber, numbering more than 450. Also contains information on Trade Promotion Councils, Chambers of Commerce, Consular Representations in Chennai, etc.
Price Rs. 750/- per copy. Order your copy today. Contact: Jessie Edwards,Deputy Secretary, MCCI Ph: 24349871/24349720 email: email@example.com
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Place your advertisements in the Bulletin which reaches the creamy layer of the corporate. Contact: Jessie Edwards @ firstname.lastname@example.org
16th February 2012
Thiru Ramesh Kumar Khanna, IAS., Principal Secretary to Government Energy Department Government of Tamilnadu Fort St George Chennai 600009.
Dear Sir We refer to the recent power situation and shortage of power, which is very adversely affecting the industry, consumers and generators. While we do appreciate the difficulties faced by Tamilnadu Electricity Board due to low generation from its various stations at present – which, as we understand, is expected to continue for the next 3-4 months – these intermittent disruptions in power supply are causing all stakeholders serious concern. To partly address the problems we would suggest the following: l F rom the current system of erratic and irregular shutdowns in supplies, it is better to increase the power cut from the existing levels to a reasonable higher percentage depending on the estimated availability as indicated by TNEB for a period of 2-3 months and ensure uninterrupted planned supply of power to all industries (without resorting to load shedding) except during peak hours l I ndustry can be informed of the same with an option to purchase power from other producers on open access (intra-State) basis and can draw power from them under third-party arrangements l A s in the past, TNEB can permit drawals based on maximum demand and quota restrictions. This will enable the industry to plan their operations better and the generators to meet their demand in line with their ability to supply. Presently the industry despite buying power from third parties is not able to draw power during load shedding hours. This severely affects the industry both in terms of cost and timely availability of power. l T he power supply situation can be reviewed periodically and the percentage cut or restrictions can be modified depending on the position prevalent during that time. We would request your support in considering our suggestions to remedy the situation urgently. We would also like to request for an appointment with you to meet in person and explain our concerns as early as possible. Thanking you Yours faithfully Sd/...
T T Srinivasaraghavan President cc: Hon’ble Thiru Natham R Viswanathan Minister for Electricity Government of Tamilnadu cc: Thiru Debendranath Sarangi, IAS., Chief Secretary to Government
Government of Tamilnadu
Workshop on Bridging the Skill and Knowledge Gap for Improving Employability of Technical Work Force
A view of the meeting.
Talk by David Willey, Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Bournemouth University, UK
Presentation by David Willey being watched by the audience.
Visitors at MCCI stall.
Programme on Vodafone Path Breaking case â€“ Policy Vs. Jurisprudence
Sriram Seshadri addressing the gathering
N Venkataraman addressing
Training Programme on Team Building.
Saba Rama Rathnam, Trainer conducting the session.
Meeting with Western Australian Parliamentary Delegation
A view of the meeting
Signing of Letter of Intent between MCCI and AVTEG.
UK India Partnership â€“ Address by Mr Jeremy Browne, UK Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
Jeremy Browne addressing the gathering
Seated l to r :K Saraswathi, T Shivaraman, Jeremy Browne and Mike Nithavrianakis
Discussion Meeting on Tamil Nadu Value Added Tax Act
Seated l to r: K Saraswathi, P R Sudhakar, Sunil Paliwal, T T Srinivasaraghavan and P R Subramaniyan
Programme on Business Process Management â€“ The True Differentiator
Clynton Almeida welcoming the gathering
Malli J. Sivakumar at the mike
Narendra Shukla, Cordys, addressing
Indo-US Partnership in Port & Maritime Sector
T Shivaraman delivering the welcome address
A view of the meeting – seated are Chairmen of some of the major ports in India and Delegation Members
Francisco Sanchez, Under Secretary for International Trade, US Government addressing – Seated l to r: G K Vasan, T Shivaraman and J Krishnan
T Shivaraman presenting a memento to G K Vasan
MCCI & MMA Video Discussion on “Can You Help Me”
G. Alagiri, trainer, conducting the video discussion
REPRESENTATIONS Suggestions sent by the Chamber on the Companies Bill 2011 The Chamber would like to compliment and thank the Ministry of Corporate Affairs for their initiative in re-defining the Companies Act by prescribing Companies Bill 2011. Our observations / recommendations on certain important aspects of the Companies Bill 2011 are as under: CHAPTER III - PROSPECTUS AND ALLOTMENT OF SECURITIES In view of Clause 23, it appears that a private company cannot issue bonus shares as Clause 23 by necessary implication forbids private companies from making bonus or rights issues, though Clause 63 dealing with issue of bonus shares does not prohibit private companies from issuing bonus shares. Private companies should be permitted to issue bonus shares as they would have constraints in utilization of the reserves in the absence of such a provision. There needs to be a clarification issued for Clause 23 and be made applicable to all companies. CHAPTER V - ACCEPTANCE OF DEPOSITS BY COMPANIES Under Clause 73, Companies can get deposits from their shareholders. The Clause prevents Companies except banks, NBFC’s, notified companies and public companies having net worth or turnover, as prescribed, from accepting deposits. It is recommended that Clause 73 should be amended to allow Public companies to accept deposits. The Clause also prescribes that the deposits accepted prior to the commencement of the Act, shall be repaid within one year from the commencement of the Act or from the date on which payments are due, whichever is earlier. This should be amended and companies should be allowed to repay on maturity as foreclosure of any investment without pre-closure conditions will be against the contractual obligation of the companies. It will affect severely cash flow and business prospects. CHAPTER VII - MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION Under Clause 93, Every listed company shall file a return in the prescribed form with the Registrar with respect to change in the number of shares held by promoters and top ten shareholders of such company, within fifteen days of such change. This will cause undue hardship to the companies as the fifteen days prescribed for filing the return is too short a time and companies might end up reporting too frequently. Can this be made a periodic filing, say a quarterly or annual filing by the companies? Also whether the period of determination of top ten shareholders should be based on year end holding has not been clearly specified. CHAPTER IX - ACCOUNTS OF COMPANIES Under Clause 129(3), where a company has one or more subsidiaries, it shall, in addition to financial statements provided under subsection (2), prepare a consolidated financial statement of the company and of all the subsidiaries in the same form and manner as that of its own which shall also be laid before the annual general meeting of the company along with the laying of its financial statement under sub-section (2). Also, the clause prescribes that for the purposes of this sub-section, the word “subsidiary” shall include associate company and joint venture. The term Joint Venture is however not defined. This requirement will result in voluminous disclosures and industry is pleased to live with the disclosures presently prescribed in Section 212 of the Companies Act, 1956 or the term Joint Venture as defined by Accounting Standards. Clause 138 - Such class or classes of companies as may be prescribed shall be required to appoint an internal auditor, who shall either be a Chartered Accountant or a Cost Accountant, or such other professional as may be decided by the Board to conduct internal audit of the functions and activities of the company. The word “such other professional” is very vague and not defined. CHAPTER X - AUDIT AND AUDITORS As per the proviso to Clause 139(2), every company, existing on or before the commencement of this Act which is required to comply with provisions of this sub-section, shall comply with the requirements of this sub-section within three years from the date of commencement of this Act. There is thus retrospective consideration of the clause, which should be amended to make it prospective. Clause 142(1), does not specifically mention the persons responsible for fixing the remuneration of the auditors. The Clause may be amended to provide that in the case of First Auditors, the Board may fix the remuneration while appointing them. In other cases, the remuneration can be fixed at general meeting or by the Board if AGM specifically authorizes.
REPRESENTATIONS CHAPTER XII – MEETINGS OF BOARD AND ITS POWERS Under Clause 179, Principal Officer needs to be defined. Also, under Clause 179(3)(c), the power to delegate may also be extended for “issue of debentures” at least in so far as the debentures issued by NBFCs are concerned – for NBFCs timely borrowings cannot wait the convening of Board Meetings. While Section 372A of the Companies Act, 1956 regulated inter-alia only inter-corporate loans/ guarantees, the proposed Clause 186(2) covers any loan to any persons/ body corporates. Our suggestion is to restore the status quo and free the loans to individuals from the rigours of this clause. The exemption provided vide Clause 186(11)(a) to banking companies, insurance companies and housing finance companies may also be extended in a direct way to NBFCs registered with and regulated by RBI.
General: The Companies Bill 2011 generally does not specify the clauses which are not applicable to private companies. Exemptions to private companies should be explicitly stated to avoid any confusion. The shareholders are bestowed with certain rights as given below, which restrict the rights of the professionals to hold offices in their professional capacity and are not in the spirit of the current Act in place and may be amended: l U nder Clause 141(3), the members of a company may, by ordinary resolution, specify the number of
companies beyond which the auditor or audit firm of a company shall not become auditor
l U nder Clause 165 (2), the members of a company may, by special resolution, specify any lesser number of
companies in which a director of the company may act as directors
l The definition of NBFC should be made more clear Under the Companies Act 1956, private limited companies enjoyed significant privileges vis-a-vis loans and investments, board and general meeting related compliances etc. The Bill seeks to take away a host of such privileges and brings the private companies significantly on par with public companies which appear to be a step in retrograde. Types of companies now include ‘One Person Companies’ (OPC) (i.e. companies with only one person as member). The OPC shall for the purpose of the Bill is considered as a Private Company. The Bill seems to allow non- residents to set up OPCs in India. However, the provision dealing with succession creates ambiguities where the single member is a foreign corporation body. Commencement of business can be initiated only after filing of declarations by the directors as to the receipt of subscription money, identification of the registered office of the company (by way of lease deed, etc.). Subscription money should be brought in within 180 days from the incorporation of the Company. The Registered Office shall have to be identified within 15 days of incorporation. At the inception stage, a Company will be grappled with many issues and insistence of 15 days may prove to be demanding. The Bill introduces the constitution of a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Committee, for companies with specified limits of net-worth/ turnover/net profits. Such companies should spend at least 2% of the average net-profits of 3 years on CSR activities, and if not explain the reasons for the same in the Director’s Report. We suggest that the net profit criteria be enhanced. The Bill proposes a physical residence of 182 days during the preceding calendar year for at least one of the directors on the Board of the company at all points of time. This seems to be highly restrictive for subsidiaries of multinational companies who will now be required to specifically appoint a resident (satisfying the 182 days criteria) on the Board of the company. The Bill specifically provides that the time lag between two successive Board meetings shall not exceed 120 days. Further, the first Board meeting is required to be held within 30 days of incorporation of the company. These restrictions may be limited to public companies. The Bill provides that no loan can be given to any person or other body corporate at a rate less than the bank rate prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India. This restriction may be limited to public companies.
POLICY WATCH Anand Sharma welcomes Pakistan’s transition from positive list to negative list regime for trade with India:
Reduction in the Sensitive List for the Least Developed Countries under the South Asian Free Trade Area Agreement.
The announcement and the details have
India has welcomed the decision of the
During the XVII SAARC Summit held in
dated 9th November 2011 has also been
Government of Pakistan to transition from a
Addu City, Maldives from November 10-11,
marked for publication in the Gazette of
Positive List Regime to a small Negative List for
2011, Prime Minister Mr. Manmohan Singh
India. The same have been circulated to
trade with India. This development reaffirms
announced the following:
SAARC Member States through the SAARC
the commitment of both Governments for trade normalization as per the roadmap drawn during the visit of Pakistan Commerce Minister from 26th September to 2nd October, 2011. There is reiteration of commitment that the negative list will be phased out by the end of this year. This will mark a dramatic shift in the lines that can be traded as now almost 90% items can be traded with Pakistan as opposed to 17% earlier.
India Pakistan trade set to take off in a big way:
In the major trade liberalization effort, the Government of India has issued a notification to reduce the Sensitive List for the Least Developed Countries under the South Asian
been circulated through official channels. Ministry of Commerce has sent the list of 25 tariff lines that remain under India’s sensitive lists for Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Customs Notification No. 99/2011- Customs
Secretariat. However, the details may not have percolated to the main stake-holders, namely, the business community, manufacturers and relevant officials in the SAARC Member States.
Free Trade Area Agreement (SAFTA) from
It has therefore been decided to organize trade
480 tariff lines to just 25 tariff lines. Zero
promotion events, initially in Afghanistan and
basic customs duty access will be given Bangladesh and perhaps later in Bhutan and Nepal to promote opportunities arising to all items removed with immediate effect. This India’s
marked by pro-active and asymmetrical constructive contributions, in order to
The economic and trade engagement
speed up overall economic development
between India and Pakistan is ready to take
in the region.
from Prime Minister’s announcement to facilitate further trade between India and these countries. Inputs from respective Indian Missions have also been sought. The list of 25 tariff lines appears below
off in a big way notwithstanding the decision of the Pakistan cabinet to defer the pruning of the “negative list”. The popular sentiment in Pakistan is for opening up of borders to promote peace. An overwhelming majority of the chambers of commerce of various cities and townships have conveyed to the Pakistan Government that it is time to put in place a liberal trade regime which is backed not only by the trading community but also by the people and corporate houses. The Chambers of Commerce in Lahore and Karachi are pushing for pruning of the negative list in the areas where there is no disagreement/differences. Their viewpoint is that at least a beginning should be made and the rest will follow.
Draft National Water Policy (2012) Released for Comments
In pursuance of the strategies identified
river rather than restricting it to only
in National Water Mission Document as
minimum flow requirement. It states
well as deliberations in National Water
that the ecological needs of the river
benchmarks for water uses for different
Board, Ministry of Water Resources had
should be determined recognizing that
purposes, i.e., water footprints and
initiated the process of reviewing the
river flows are characterized by low or
water auditing should be developed
National Water Policy, 2002. Accordingly,
no flows, small floods (freshets), large
to ensure efficient use of water. Project
the Drafting Committee on National
floods and flow variability and should
financing has been suggested as a tool
Water Policy has evolved the draft
to incentivize efficient and economic
policy after taking into consideration
A portion of river flows should be
kept aside to meet ecological needs
stakeholders. The salient features of Draft
ensuring that the proportional low and
National Water Policy (NWP, 2012) are:
high flow releases correspond in time
1. Even while recognizing that the States
closely to the natural flow regime.
have the right to frame suitable policies,
4. The draft NWP, 2012 recognizes the need
laws and regulations on water, the
to adapt to climate change scenario in
draft NWP, 2012 lays emphasis on the
planning and implementation of water
need for a national water framework
resources projects. Coping strategies
law, comprehensive legislation for
for designing and management of
optimum development of inter-State
water resources structures and review
rivers and river valleys, public trust
of acceptability criteria has been
doctrine, amendment of the Indian
Easements Act, 1882, etc. 2. Basic minimum quantity for essential
use of water. 8. Provision of setting up of Water Regulatory Authority and adequate water pricing to incentivise recycle and re-use has been specified. 9. Water Users Associations should be given statutory powers to collect and retain a portion of water charges, manage the volumetric quantum of water allotted to them and maintain the
jurisdiction. 10.The draft NWP, 2012 proposes reversal of heavy under-pricing of electricity, which leads to wasteful use of both
health & hygiene and sustenance
been stipulated. Direct use of rainfall
of ecology has been defined as
and avoidance of inadvertent evapo-
pre-emptive need, which must be
transpiration have been proposed
11.The draft NWP, 2012 recognizes
ensured. Water has been recognized as
as the new additional strategies for
encroachment and diversion of water
economic good, over and above pre-
augmenting utilizable water resources.
bodies and emphasizes the need for
emptive need, for the first time, which would promote maximization of value of water and its conservation and efficient use. 3. The draft NWP, 2012 presents a holistic picture of ecological need of the 22 22
6. Mapping of the aquifers to know the quantum and quality of ground water
electricity and water.
resources (replenishable as well as non-
12.The draft NWP, 2012 proposes setting
replenishable) in the country has been
aside a suitable percentage of the
proposed with provision of periodic
costs of infrastructure development,
which along with collected water
charges, may be utilized for repair
party States. A similar mechanism
resources sector should be recognized
should be established within each
and awarded. A Center for research in
construction of projects should have
State to amicably resolve differences
water policy should also be established
inbuilt provision for longer periods
in competing demands for water
to evolve policy directives for changing
of proper maintenance and handing
amongst different users of water, as
scenario of water resources.
over back the infrastructure in good
also between different parts of the
24. It is necessary to give adequate grants to the States to update technology,
13.Pari-passu planning and execution
19.The “Service Provider” role of the
of all components of water resources
State should be gradually shifted
management practices, preparation of
projects have been proposed so
to that of a regulator of services
annual water balances and accounts
that intended benefits start accruing
and facilitator for strengthening the
for the site and basin, preparation of
immediately after completion and
institutions responsible for planning,
hydrologic balances for water systems,
there is no gap between potential
implementation and management of
and benchmarking and performance
created and potential utilized.
water resources. The water related
14. All water resources projects, including hydro power projects, should be planned to the extent feasible as multipurpose projects with provision of storage to derive maximum benefit
services should be transferred to community and / or private sector with appropriate “Public Private Partnership” model.
S.R. Hashim, former Member, Planning Commission and Chairman, Union Public Subhash
Chander, former Professor, IIT, Delhi; Shri
A.D. Mohile, former Chairman, Central
developed to collect and collate all data
Water Commission; and Shri S.C. Jain, an
on regular basis with regard to rainfall,
expert from an NGO was constituted for
river flows, area irrigated by crops and
drafting of the National Water Policy.
project benefitted families, who may bear part of the cost of resettlement and rehabilitation through adequate pricing.
preparedness for flood / drought with coping up mechanisms as an option. Frequency based flood inundation maps should be prepared to evolve coping strategies.
by both surface and ground water and to publish water accounts on ten daily basis every year for each river basin with appropriate water budgets
water supply in urban areas and in rural areas to bring equality between rural and urban people. draft
hydrologic balances. 21.The
management of water of international rivers on bilateral basis in consultative association with riparian States keeping
17.There is a need to remove the large
by source, utilizations for various uses
and water accounts based on the
16.The draft NWP, 2012 lays emphasis on
share in the benefits comparable to
partners in progress and given a
from available topology and water
15. Project affected families to be made
The Drafting Committee comprising of Dr.
20.Appropriate institutional arrangements
paramount the national interests. 22. All hydrological data other than those classified as secret on national security consideration should be in public domain. Setting up of a National Water
a forum at the national level to deliberate upon issues relating to water and evolve consensus, cooperation and reconciliation amongst
Informatics Center has been proposed. 23.Continuing research and advancement in technology should be promoted to
This Committee was supported by a team of officers from Ministry of Water Resources, Central Water Commission, Central Ground Water Board, National Rainfed Area Authority; National Institute of Hydrology and Planning Commission. Considering
and feedback received during various consultation meetings, the Drafting Committee identified basic concerns in water resources sector and adopted basic principles which should be followed to address those concerns, and accordingly, evolved draft policy recommendations. The draft National Water Policy (2012) has also been put up on the website of Ministry of Water Resources http://wrmin. nic.in and arrangement is being made to facilitate posting of online comments/ suggestions.
address the issues in water sector in a scientific manner. Innovations in water 23 23
An overview of the Sector
As per 2011 census, Indian urban
In rural areas the water supply is regulated
population is about 377 Million and is
frameworks and funding and monitoring
by Panchayati Raj Institutions under the
likely to reach about 598 Million in 2032.
schemes. Most of implementation work
State Departments of Rural Development,
The average annual growth rate of urban
is taken care of by state government and
while in urban area ULBs are responsible
population across various classes of the
Urban Local Bodies (ULBs). Some of the
for running and regulating water supply
cities will be about 2.5%. The minimum
active schemes of the central government
systems. Few states also have a state level
regulatory body. Some of the examples of
an urban person is 140 litres per day. With this assumption, the total water requirement by 2032 for the urban Urban Population (Million)
l Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban
state level regulatory bodies:
Renewal Mission (JnNURM) responsible
1) The Maharashtra Water Resources
for funding infrastructure projects in 63
Regulatory Act, 2005; lists the powers,
Urban Water Consumption Requirement (Million litres per day)
Urban Waste Water Generated (Million litres per day)
Source: High power Expert Committee report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Service (HPEC), Mar 2011
population of India will be about 77,475 Million Litres per Day (MLD), which is
selected cities of the country.
functions and duties of the Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory Authority â€“
1.6 times the current water requirement.
l Urban Infrastructure Development
Around 80% consumed water will be
Scheme in Small and Medium Towns
l Determine, regulate and enforce
turned into waste water which needs to
(UIDSSMT) that will fund the infrastructure
the distribution of bulk water supply to
be treated. The figures below give the
projects in all the cities and towns that
various categories of use (agriculture,
growing urbanisation, potential demand
are not covered under JnNURM.
industries , power and drinking and
for water and the amount of waste water
The rest of the activities of project
that will be generated.
planning, operating and maintaining the
l Establish water tariffs with a view to
Institutional Framework for Urban Water Sector of India:
water supply systems and setting and
levy them on the users there by having a
collecting tariffs are carried out by the
self â€“ sustainable management of service
state governments. It has the primary
delivery to the same.
In India, the central government is only
of water resources.
responsibility towards the use and control
l Review and clear water projects
which are meet the Integrated State Water Plan (ISWP which implies efficient use of both ground and surface water) 2) The Uttar Pradesh Water Management and Regulatory Act, 2008 gives the provision for the establishment of the Uttar Pradesh Water Management and Regulatory Commission. The commission will be responsible to regulate water
Reforms in the Policy Framework:
2002 also encourages private sector
The National Water Policy (both 1987
participation in various forms in planning, development and management of water
and 2002) has recognised water for drinking as the first priority to other water usage. It has emphasised on the need of modernisation and maintenance of existing water systems by encouraging
The Draft National Water Policy released early in 2012, apart from emphasising on the features of the past two policies, also has certain new features.
investments. It has also focused on the
l Water Framework Law: A need for
efficient use of the natural resource and
national legal framework to lay the
its provision in terms of improved quality.
general principles that could lead the
A brief outline of the role of the state and
The policy ensures that the water charges
framing of suitable law, regulations and
the central government across the value
are set in a way that it covers both annual
policies at the state level.
chain of the urban water sector is given in
operations and certain amount of the
the table below:
fixed costs of ULBs, while subsidising poor
resources, optimally allocating it for different purposes and fix water rates.
and under- privileged in a transparent manner.
Sourcing & Transmission of Distribution, Storage & Urban Water Metering
should have a water regulatory authority to set and regulate water tariffs, monitor
Sewerage Network & Operations
• Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India • Central Public Health Environmental & Engineering Organization (CPHEEO), Ministry of Urban Policy, Regulation & Standardisation
Development, Government of India
• Department of Water Resources (State Government) • State Level Water Regulatory Authorities (Eg: Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory
Authority & Uttar Pradesh Water Management and Regulatory Commission
• Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) & Urban Infrastructure Funding
Development Scheme in Small & Medium Towns (UIDSSMT); Schemes under the Ministry of
Urban Development, Government of India
• Statutory Bodies of the State Government, such as the Infrastructure
Development Corporations. E.g.: Tamil Nadu Urban Finance & Infrastructure
Public Health Engineering Department / Public Works Department (State Government)
Operations & Management/ Maintenance Works
State Level Specialist Agencies/
Specialist Municipal Undertaking
Metropolitan Level Specialist Agencies
Source: Government Websites & Athena Research 25 25
the operations, review performances and
The figure below illustrates the situation
suggest policy changes.
of a typical Indian urban city. The
l Water Charges: Should be cross subsidised
taking views from the beneficiaries. It is encouraged that the urban water supply system and sewerage system should be integrated and hence the water bills should include sewerage charges also.
unaccounted for water losses (UWL) contributes to on an average 70% of the total water produced. This is due to the deteriorating assets and poor maintenance for sourcing water, transmitting and distributing it. Leakages in the reservoirs, over head tanks and pipelines contribute to the physical losses
improve the operational efficiency. These
require benchmarking as an important mechanism for introducing accountability of the services. In 2008, the Ministry of Urban Development laid the indicators in Water Supply and Sewerage by conducting a study of the current performance in 28 pilot cities.
l Public â€“ Private Partnerships (PPPs):
of water. This accompanied by unbilled
The graphs below show the average
Appropriate use of PPP models by
connections such as public stand posts,
performance levels of the Class IA
transferring water related services to a
hand pumps and tube wells make up
and Class IB cities in 2007 for a few
private developer and/or the community.
the non â€“ revenue water for the city. indicators. The metropolitan cities have
Source: Policy Documents & Athena Research
Challenges in Service Delivery:
Of the total revenue water, only 4%
90.3% coverage of water supply to its
is metered and the average collection
population compared to only 78% in the
Inadequate capacity to source water,
efficiency of any ULB is 20%. The factors
class IB cities. However, there are certain
poor quality of drinking water and lack
that contribute to the poor performance
class IB cities such as Chandigarh and
of infrastructure to make it available to
of the ULBs are poor monitoring system
Nashik which have 100% and 92.6%
the entire urban population; are some of
for UWL and NRW, illegal connections,
the bottlenecks faced by the cities. With
unwillingness of the government to levy charges. The poor collection efficiency
In terms of the frequency of water supply,
growing urban population and expansion of the cities, it is becoming challenging
is responsible for the low cost recovery
for the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) to meet
and thereby increasing the dependence
the rising demand for water.
on state, central and multilateral agency funds to rehabilitate the system and
none of the cities meet the benchmark requirement. A number of cities such as Bangalore, Chennai, Nagpur and Mumbai provide on an average 4 to 5 hours of water per day. The water consumed per
Source: Administrative Staff College of India 2010 day per capita in Mumbai is 191 litres,
of 147, 158 and 139 litres per capita per
followed by Ahmadabad with 171 litres. day. The number of metered connections Cities like Varanasi, Vijayawada and
is highest in Bangalore, being 95.5% of
Jabalpur also have water consumption
the total connections. But, on an average
the percentage of metered connection in these cities is only 24.5%.
Source: Ministry of Urban Development, GoI & ADB, 2007 Service Level Benchmarking and Data Book of Water Utilities in India, 2007
The other indicators for service level benchmarking in the water supply and sewerage sector are: Indicator
Coverage of Water Supply Connections
Per Capita Water Supply
Extent of Metered Connections
Extent of Non â€“ Revenue water
Continuity of Water Supply
Quality of Water Supply
Efficiency in Redressal of Customer Complaints
Cost Recovery in Water Supply Services
Efficiency in Collection of Water Supply related Charges Coverage of Sewerage Network Adequacy of Sewerage Treatment Capacity
90% 100% 100%
Quality of Sewerage Treatment
Efficiency in Collection of Sewage Charges
Source: Ministry of Urban Development, Service Level Benchmarking Databook: Improving Service Outcomes, 2008-09
(Background paper presented by Athena Infonomics at the National Conference on Potential and Strategies for Public Private Partnerships in the urban water sector held on 20th March 2012.)
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ECONOMIC REVIEW Contents 1. Macroeconomy
1.1 RBI Reduces the CRR 1.2 Foreign Tourist Arrivals and Foreign Exchange Earnings in February 2012 1.3 Railway Revenue Earnings up by 10.17 per cent during April 2011- February 2012
2. Corporate Sector
2.1 Indirect Tax Revenue Collections during April, 2011- February, 2012
1. Macroeconomy 1.1 RBI Announces Reduction in the CRR Reduction in the cash reserve ratio (CRR) of scheduled banks by 75 basis points from 5.5 per cent to 4.75 per cent of their net demand and time liabilities (NDTL) effective the fortnight beginning March 10, 2012. This reduction will inject around 480 billion of primary liquidity into the banking system. In order to mitigate tight liquidity conditions, the cash reserve ratio was reduced by 50 basis points in the Third Quarter Review (TQR) of January 2012, injecting primary liquidity of 315 billion into the banking system. Despite these measures, the liquidity deficit has remained large on account of both structural and frictional factors. Further, the liquidity deficit is expected to increase significantly during the second week of March due to advance tax outflows and the usual frontloading of cash balances by banks with the Reserve Bank. Thus, the overall deficit in the system persists above the comfort level of the Reserve Bank.
1.2 Foreign Tourist Arrivals and Foreign Exchange Earnings in February 2012
Month of February, 2012 was 6.77 lakh as compared to FTAs of 6.36 lakh during the month of February, 2011 and 5.52 lakh in February, 2010. There has been a growth of 6.6% in February 2012 over February 2011 as compared to a growth of 15.1% registered in February 2011 over February 2010. FTAs during the period January-February 2012 were 13.59 lakh with a growth of 7.9% as compared to the FTAs of 12.59 lakh with a growth of 12.4% during January-February 2011 over the corresponding period of 2010. Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEE) during the month of February 2012 were Rs. 8502 crore as compared to Rs. 7653 crore in February 2011 and Rs 6646 crore in February 2010. The growth rate in FEE in rupee terms in February 2012 over February 2011 were 11.1.% as compared to 15.2.% in February 2011 over February 2010. FEE from tourism in rupee terms during January-February 2012 were 17125 crore with a growth of 27.5% as compared to the FEE of 13430 crore with a growth of 9.7% during January-February 2011 over the corresponding period of 2010. FEE in US$ terms during the month of February 2012 were US$ 1729 million as compared to FEE of US$ 1684 million during the month of February 2011 and US$ 1434 million in February 2010.
1.3 Railway Revenue Earnings up by 10.17 per cent during April 2011- February 2012 The total approximate earnings of Indian Railways during 1st April 2011 – 29th February, 2012 were Rs. 92985.50 crore compared to Rs. 84402.34 crore during the same period last financial year, registering an increase of 10.17 per cent. The total goods earnings have gone up from Rs. 56394.23 crore during 1st April 2010 – 28th February, 2011 to Rs. 62171.49 crore during 1st April 2011 – 29th February, 2012, showing an increase of 10.24 per cent. The total passenger revenue earnings during the first eleven months of the financial year 2011-12 were Rs. 25858.14 crore compared to Rs. 23600.35 crore during the same period last fiscal, registering an increase of 9.57 per cent. The revenue earnings from other coaching amounted to Rs. 2580.32 crore during April 2011- February 2012 compared to Rs. 2294.71 crore during the same period last financial year, showing an increase of 12.45 per cent. The total approximate number of passengers booked during April 2011-February 2012 was 7586.82 million compared to 7210.94 million during the same period last financial year, showing an increase of 5.21 per cent.
Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) during the 29
ECONOMIC REVIEW 2. Corporate Sector
Overall indirect tax collections during the period April, 2011 to February, 2012 rose to Rs 3,48,702 Crore. Last year the indirect tax collections during the period were to the tune of Rs 28,705 Crore.
2.1 Indirect Tax Revenue Collections during April, 2011- February, 2012 Indirect tax revenue collections during the month of February, 2012 rose to Rs. 31,469 Crore, an increase of 9.6 percent over the corresponding period of last financial year.
Table 1 Indirect tax revenue collections (Rs. crore)
% Growth over previous year
The overall growth in indirect tax revenue collection during the month of February, 2012 is around 9.6% which is 2.4% higher than last month position. Further, the progressive growth during AprilFebruary of current fiscal year has shown 14.6% over the corresponding period of
last financial year. In this regard the growth in Central Excise revenue for February, 2012 is 1.3% and the overall growth in Central Excise Revenue upto February, 2012 is 6.2% showing a positive trend.
% Cumulative Growth over previous year April to Feb.
The Service Tax revenue continues to be buoyant and has shown 37.3% growth during February, 2012. The Customs growth has been 5.9% during the month of February, 2012, though the growth upto February, 2012 has been 12.0%.
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In Touch Mcci March 2012