Page 1

GHOST TOWN ANTIOCH, NE

42.0683069,-102.5821415


project statement Nebraska is a state rich with tradition in cultivation of the land; whether crops or natural resources. As such, a benefactor is interested in exposing a relatively unknown business from the World War One era. The potash manufacturing in Nebraska transformed unpopulated, pastoral land into scarred landscapes marked by a newfound industry. City populations exploded as the lucrative potash industry was born. The focus of this project will be to design the Potash Visitor Center, located at the Antioch, NE potash manufacturing ruins. The site is on the National Registry of Historic Places. The goal of the center is two-fold: first, to chronicle the history of Nebraska Agri-business, especially potash manufacturing, and second, to create a centralized think-tank for future development in the sector.


(01)

site inventory pages 1-14

CONTENTS ANTIOCH, NE 42.0683069,-102.5821415

(03)

sandhills region pages 15-33

pages 34-47

(04)

potash industry

pages 48-58

RUIN ANALYSIS pages 58-83


Timeline

Kinkaid Act homesteaders can claim 640 acres of land center pivot technologies emerge

The Sandhills are a very successful ranching land that supports over 530,000 beef cattle

Plants Sold

investigative plant built at Jesse lake

Nebraska plant begins production Hoffland development

1870

1890

Cattlemen realized that the area would be great rangleand for longhorn cattle

1899 1904

1910

1912 1914

1916

1917

1918

1919

America enters WWI

1920

Plants dismantled and sold as scrap

American plant built

lake investigations

Ogallala Aquifer created

1915

WWI ENDS

Western plant fire Production starts School opens Production halts

1930

The Sandhills is the only agricultural region not financially ruined during the Dust Bowl.

2014


[SITE INVENTORY] antioch, ne

42.0683069,-102.5821415

01

MAPS

07

TOPOGRAPHY

08

CIRCULATION

09

SOIL

10

VEGETATION

11

WIND

12

SUN

13

PRECIPITATION

14

TEMPERATURE


“and at once I knew I was not magnificent high above the highway aisle I could see for miles, miles, miles.� Bon Iver Holocene


MAP

[site inventory]

ALLIANCE, NE

ANTIOCH, NE

N 0 .5mi 1mi

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

2mi


MAP

[site inventory]

ANTIOCH, NE

N 0

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

1k

2k

4k


MAP

[site inventory]

N 0

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

250

500

1k


MAP

[site inventory]

3900 3900

3888

377

8

38

80

38

82

388 4

3886

38 80

3886

3886

388

8

3882 3884

6

388

8

88

84

86

388

38

38

38

82 38

80

80

38

38

2

8

388

8 377

84

377

38

N 0

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

50

100


TOPOGRAPHY [site inventory]

3900 3900

3888

377

8

38

80

38

82

388 4

3886

38 80

3886

3886

388

8

low elevation

3882 3884

388 6

8

88

86

388

38

38

84

82

38

80

38

38

2

8

388

8 377

84

377

38

high elevation

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


CIRCULATION [site inventory]

primary secondary tertiary

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


SOIL

[site inventory]

Valentine Fine Sand Valentine Fine Sand Wildhorse Fine Sand Wildhorse-Hoffland N 0

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

50

100

Wildhorse Ipage


VEGETATION [site inventory]

tall grass brush and tall grass Tall Grass

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

Trees

Brush and Tall Grass trees


WIND

[site inventory]

Summer N

NNW

15

N

NW

NE

12

NNE

9 6

NW

3

NE

0

W

E

ENE SE

SW S

0-5

E

W

5-10

10-15

15-20

20 Mph And Above

Winter N

15

ESE

12

NW

NE

9 6

SE

SW

3 0

W

E

SSE

SSW

S

SE

SW S

0-5

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

5-10

10-15

15-20

20 Mph And Above


SUN STUDIES [site inventory] The site is very affected by the sun, as it is on the open plains, without much vegetative protection. The site is oriented with the tracks running along the southern edge. The ruins are essentially central, and will cast the longest shadows of anything on the site.

N

shadow study winter

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

N

shadow study summer


PRECIPITATION [site inventory]

Diagram showing the amount of precipitation by month and annual averages for Nebraska, Sheridan County.

5

26.66”

3

BR

1

ER SH

0 JAN

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV DEC

NEBRASKA

AS KA ID AN C O UN

TY

2

SHERIDAN COUNTY

17.97”

NE

AMOUNT (INCHES)

4

ANNUAL AVERAGE


TEMPERATURE [site inventory]

Diagram showing the maximum, minimum, mean and annual average temperatures for Sheridan County.

100

TEMPERATURE (F)

75

50

E

MP

E XT

MA

AN

N

MI

RE TU

A ER

MP

TE

ME

25

E UR

T RA

RA

E MP

46.9

E

R TU

TE

0 JAN

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV DEC

ANNUAL AVERAGE


[sandhills region] antioch, ne

42.0683069,-102.5821415

17

SANDHILLS

20

ALKALINE LAKES

22

NATIVE PLANTS

23

EXPLORERS

25

SETTLEMENT

28

LIFE

30

AGRICULTURE


“Anyone can sit back at the seashore and be inspired, because it shouts at you. But the prairie only whispers. You must listen closely and not miss the message.� Father Val Peters


REGIONS SANDHILLS LOCATION [sandhills region] The Sandhills Region

The TheSandhills Sandhillsare arelocated located ininthe theGreat GreatPlains. Plains They and are are bounded by the bounded by the Rocky Rocky Mountains the The Mountains to theto West. West, HillsMissouri and Blackthe HillsBlack and the the Missouri to And the the River to theRiver North. North, and to the Dust Bowl Dust Bowl the south. to the South.

Antioch

Rocky Mountains Rocky Mountains Dust Bowl Dust Bowl Great Plains Great Plains Sand Hills Sandhills Black Hills Black RiversHills

SITEANALYSIS ANALYSIS SITE

antioch, nebraskanebraska PAGE# | antioch,


SANDHILLS

[sandhills region] The Sandhills of Nebraska are thought to be the largest dune field in the western hemisphere. They are 265 miles long at their widest point and cover 125 miles across. They cover one-fourth of the state of nebraska, and are larger in size than several other states.

Antioch

Lincoln

Sandhills

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


REGION FORMATION [sandhills region]

SANDHILLS FOR

According to Geological SANDHILLS Studies most of the REGIO sediment that formed the Sandhills originated in the Colorado and Wyoming mountains carried by wind currents. This happened during extreme droughts that lasted for decades in the midwestern united states about 10-12,000 years ago.

Wyoming Colorado

According to G most of the sed the Sandhills ori Colorado and W tains carried by This happened droughts that la in the mid weste about 10-12 tho

Sandhills Region wind currents

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


PALEO VALLEY [sandhills region]

PALEO VALLEY In arid climates drifting

Sandhills sand hasregion been known to block or dam rivers and bury valleys. There is evidence of this happening in the Sandhills.

In arid climates drifting sa Thebeen extremely dry to block has known sand allows water dam rivers and bury valley to be transported underground, filling the There is evidence of this valleys known as “paleo happening in the Sandhil valleys�. The extremely dry sand al Blockages raised the water to be transported water table as much as underground filling 25 meters over an areathese 2 of 7000 km creating over valleys known as paleoval a thousand lakes and Blockages raised the wate wetlands far from these buried table asvalleys. much as 25 mete over anofarea of 7000 km2 Much the lakes are strongly alkaline, creating over a thousand and filled with a high and wet landsoffar from the concentration dissolved solids. Much of th buried valleys. lakes are strongly alkaline filled with high concentra of dissolved solids. sand dunes

saturated sand lake subsand soil

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

dunes

saturated sand


Sandhills regio

ALKALINE LAKE [sandhills region]

Alkaline, or saline, lakes or saline form inAlkaline, regions where there isregions little rain. The where th lakes form in depressions lakes form in knownThe as basins.

known as basins.

Water flowing over and over and through through the ground dissolves mineral dissolves minerals (salts) from the rocks and the rocks soil. and so Runoff carrying the salts ing the saltspart colle collects in the lowest of the lowest basin, forming partaof the lake.

a lake. Water in t Waterrates, in the lake but the sal evaporates, but the Over time the sa salts stay behind. Over creating time the salts build an up, alka creating an alkaline lake.

sand dun sand dunes

water tab

water table

lake lake rain run-off rain

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

rain runn rain


NATIVE PLANTS [sandhills region]

The prevalent plant species in the Sandhills are range grasses, supplemented by herbaceous perennials and shrubs.

Big Bluestem

Blue Grama

Little Bluestem

Goldenrod

Switchgrass

Leadplant

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


EARLY EXPLORERS [sandhills region]

Diagram of routes which early explorers took through Nebraska from 1714 - 1795

Missouri Rive

r

ive

eR

it Wh

b

Nio

r

.

R rara

Elkh

orn

No

rth

Midd

le Lou

No

rth

Lodg

epole

Cree

Pla

tte

R.

p R.

Lo

up

R.

uth

tte R. outh Pla

iver

pR

So

k

R.

Lou

Lo

up

Platte R.

R.

S

Little

Blue

R.

Republican R.

Bourgmont 1714 Villasur 1720 Mallet 1739 Mackay 1795

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


LATE EXPLORERS [sandhills region]

Diagram of routes which late explorers took through Nebraska from 1806 - 1857, after the Louisiana Purchase

Missouri Rive

r

ive

eR

it Wh

r

. ra R

bra

Nio

Elkh

orn

No

rth

Midd

le Lou

No

rth

Lodg

epole

Cree

Pla

tte

R.

Lo

up

R.

uth

. Platte R

iver

pR

So

k

South

p R.

R.

Lou

Lo

up

Platte R.

R.

Little

Republican R.

Blue

R.

Pike 1806 Lewis and Clark 1804 Long 1819-1820 Fremont 1842 Lt. Bryan 1856 Lt. Warren 1855-1857

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


RAILROADS (1915) [sandhills region]

Diagram of the railroads which were in operation during the year of 1915 in the state of Nebraska.

SITE ANALYSIS

Antioch, Nebraska


RAILROADS (2014) [sandhills region]

Diagram of the railroads which are in operation currently in the state of Nebraska.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


OREGON TRAIL [sandhills region]

Oregon Trail Mormon Trail Ox-Bow Trail

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


LIFE IN THE SANDHILLS [sandhills region]

The rural communities of the Sandhills have lived off of the production of cattle since 1870. Family ranches have survived all these years because the country is so dependent on the beef which is produced in the Sandhills.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


SHERIDAN COUNTY [sandhills region]

Population 6,198

Area 2441 sq. mi

5,469

Population Density: 2 people per square mile

29 sq. mi 2000

2012

Land

Median Age 46

44.5%

NE

antioch, nebraska

Gender 55.5%

36

SITE ANALYSIS

Water

County

Male

Female

Diagram analyzing Sheridan County data, including population, median age and gender of population, as well as the area of the county.


CORN PRODUCTION [sandhills region]

A large part of Nebraska produces corn for grain, particularly ethanol products. The Sandhills produces a minimal amount of corn. Rather than farming, the main agricultural endeavor in the Sandhills is ranching and cattle production.

Antioch

Corn Production (Bushels) ethanol plants

Lincoln

minimal corn <5,000,000 5,000,000-9,999,999 10,000,000-14,999,999 15,000,000-19,999,999 20,000,000-29,999,999 30,000,000+

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


IRRIGATION

[sandhills region] This map shows the water usage in Nebraska for irrigation, ground water withdrawals, and freshwater withdrawals. The Sandhills Region uses a comparatively small amount of ground water because of the reduced amount of crop production.

Antioch

Lincoln

Millions of Gallons per Day 170.01 - 305.00 50.01 - 170.00 0.01 - 50.00

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


DROUGHT

[sandhills region] Nebraska, and the Sandhills in particular, suffer from severe threat of drought.

Antioch

Lincoln

abnormally dry drought - moderate drought - severe drought - extreme drought - exceptional

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


[boom town] antioch, ne

42.0683069,-102.5821415

36

QUOTES

37

THRESHOLD

42

TRANSPORTATION

43

DEVELOPMENT

44

WATER

45

ELECTRICITY


“EVEN THE DOUBTER MUST ACKNOWLEDGE THAT ANTIOCH, WITH ITS SIX PLANTS, HAS A BRIGHT FUTURE.” -ANTIOCH NEWS JANUARY 1918

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


“THERE ARE FEW PLACES IN AMERICA SHOWING THE BUSINESS AND WORKING ACTIVITY EQUAL TO WHAT IS GOING ON AT THE ANTIOCH PLANTS IN THE LINE OF WEALTH MAKING...” -ANTIOCH NEWS JANUARY 1918

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


THRESHOLD [boom town]

Antioch is located in the transition space between two distinct regions; the Grasslands and the Sandhills. The Grasslands are primarily flat and are characterized by fertile soil, high precipitation, and many types of grass and shrub variations.

TRANSITION SANDHILLS

ANTIOCH

The Sandhills are known for varied rock outcroppings, rugged land formations, and gentle rolling hills. This textured landscape was formed by glacier deposits. An arid climate and sandy soil types lend support more ranching than farming.

SANDHILLS

Lincoln

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


TREES

[boom town] There are characteristically few trees found in the Sandhills as they are not native to the region. Therefore, the trees that do remain in desolate areas like Antioch were likely planted with the intention of functioning as barriers against the harsh winds and sun conditions of the prairie.

POTASH LAKE

HWY 2 ANTIOCH

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

The trees can be viewed as a construct of a ruin as well. The natural objects, left behind by humans, begin to describe settlement patterns in much the same way as the physical ruins of buildings.


“[THE POTASH PLANT WHISTLES] SOUND MORE SWEET THAN THE OLD SINGING SCHOOL DAYS WHEN THE DO-RE-MI-FAR-SOL-LAR SEE-DO... [SOUND] DAILY FROM THROATS OF EIGHT POTASH PLANTS. ” -ANTIOCH NEWS.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


Transportation [boom town]

Transportation in an out of Antioch was made easier by both the Burlington Northern Railroad and Highway 2. The railroad track also actually extended into the Western Potash Plant, to make transporting product much easier. For town residents, there was a daily bus into Alliance.

ANTIOCH

land plots

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


Antioch will be as widely known as New York within a year.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

Antioch News January 31 1918


Development [boom town]

1914 WWI

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

1918

WWI catalyzed an extreme rise in the cost of imported potash for American farmers. High demand and prices coupled with low supply held promise of economic prosperity and industrial longevity for the town of Antioch. Throughout the World War One, Antioch continued to grow and expand. However, when the war ended, Antiochâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s potash prices could not compete with the lower prices of available imports. Eventually, the inability to remain competitive in global markets financially crippled the largest economy of the town and led to its total economic demise.


WATER USES [boom town]

In Antioch, the separation of water sources was extremely important. The alkali lakes used for Potash production had pH values over 7, and contained hard minerals and microorganisms. These factors rendered the salty brine of the shallow lakes unsafe for consumption.

alkali water source

Fresh, pH neutral water sources were accessed through wells, supplied by naturally filtered water from the Ogallala aquifer.

10’ 80’

fresh water source

natural sand filtraton

150’ + ogallala aquifer

alkali water fresh water

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


ELECTRICITY [boom town]

Homes in Antioch contained electric lights and heat, things that would have been considered luxuries in homes across the United States in the 1920â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s. This was made possible due to the innovative wiring of power generated by the potash plants to the Antioch.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


“I DON’T THINK GERMANY SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO SHIP POTASH TO THE UNITED STATES... THEY WANT TO SQUEEZE NEBRASKA OUT OF THE ONLY MINERAL SHE HAS. WE SHOULD INSTRUCT OUR REPRESENTATIVENESS IN WASHINGTON TO FIGHT FOR NEBRASKA'S RIGHTS.” -ALEX BURR . ANTIOCH NEWS MARCH 1922 SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


[potash industry] antioch, ne

42.0683069,-102.5821415

48

PLANTS

51

PROGRAM

52

PROCESS

53

EXPORT

55

POPULATION


â&#x20AC;&#x153;We build but to tear down. Most of our work and resource is squandered. Our onward march is marked by devastation...â&#x20AC;? Nikola Tesla


PRODUCTION

[potash industry] Diagram showing the potash production of Sheridan County, as well as the surrounding counties which manufactured potash.

Antioch

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


POTASH FACTORIES [potash industry]

Locations of the potash factories in the Nebraska Sandhills during the potash industry boom.

Merriman

Chadron

Alliance

Antioch Hoffland Lakeside

Nebraska

Omaha

Sutherland

Lincoln

Platte River

potash factories surrounding towns

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


POTASH LAKES [potash industry]

This diagram shows the lakes in the area which were used in the potash manufacturing industry which still exist today.

N 0 .5mi 1mi

2mi

potash lakes non-potash lakes

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


PROGRAM

[potash industry]

The main building house the swenson evaporators, rotary dryers and grinders. adjacent to it was a brick engines which powered the machinary and the plantâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s electric system. near the railroad siding was a frame warehouse where potash was stored to await shipment. nearby was an office building dormitories for up to 100 workers, small cottages for married workers, and spacious houses for supervisory staff. Nearly all of these were equipped with electric lights, steam heat, and lindoor plumbing. The rotary dryers kept one man constantly hammering the walls of the steel dryers to loosen the product from the sides swanson evaporators was sprayed into ther chamber across huge oil burners.

Snake River

The main building housed the Swenson evaporators, rotary dryers and grinders. Adjacent to it were brick engines which powered the plants. Near the railroad was a warehouse where potash was stored for shipment. An office building, dormitories housing 100 workers, small cottages and houses for supervisors. These were equipped with electric lights, steam heat, and indoor plumbing.

Rend lake

reservoir

church

water tower any

Western Comp

National Company

Depot

Nebraska Company Nebraska Highway 2

N

American Company Potash Highway

Alliance Company

windmill railroad potash plants Highway 2 lake / river

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


PROCESS

[potash industry] The typical process for manufacturing potash in Nebraska began by pumping brine from the lakes. The brine would pass through a solar evaporation tower where it became more concentrated. It was then pumped to the drying tower where it was boiled into a heavy liquid of about 45% solids. The liquid was then sent through rotating dryers to crystallize the potash. These rotary dryers were constantly hammered by a worker to loosen the potash from the sides before it was bagged and shipped off-site by trains.

EXTRACT

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

EVAPORATE

DRY

CRYSTALLIZE

EXPORT


BURLINGTON RAIL [potash industry ]

The Burlington tracks were used to transport the potash across Nebraska. This diagram shows where the potash would have been transported to and the route they would have taken to get it there. This begins to demonstrate a the importance of the railroad to potash manufacturing.

ANTIOCH

LINCOLN

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


EXPORT

[potash industry] Potash was packaged in bags at the production plants and then shipped South and East by train.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


ANTIOCH EXODUS [potash industry]

Diagram illustrating the departure of the population from Antioch after the failure of the potash industry. In the 1920â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the residential dwellings were dismantled or moved. At the same time the plants were torn down to salvage the structural steel, brick and other reusable parts. The machinery was sold for scrap.

Chadron

Alliance

Antioch 1920

Nebraska

Omaha

Lincoln

platte River

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

Today the foundations of the plants and of several of the larger houses are all that remain. Since the buildings were removed the only change that has occurred is the partial covering of the foundations and other features by wind deposited sand


potash manufacturing industry POPULATION

industry] TOTAL POPULATION CHANGES OF SURROUNDING[potash COUNTIES

1900

1910

1900

1920

1910

1930

potash manufacturing Diagramindustry showing the growth and decline of the population of the surrounding area through the 1900â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

1920

1930

1940

1950

1960

1970

1980

1940

1950

1960

1970 1980

1990

1990

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

KEY KEY PEOPLE 50005000 PEOPLE 25002500 PEOPLE PEOPLE 1250 PEOPLE

1250 PEOPLE


[ruin analysis] antioch, ne

42.0683069,-102.5821415

58

PHOTOS

66

RELATIONSHIPS

69

AXES

72

SECTIONS

74

SCALE

75

HEIGHT

77

SOUND

83

VIEWS


“To me, a story can be both concrete and abstract, or a concrete story can hold abstractions. And abstractions are things that really can’t be said so well with words” David Lynch


PRAIRIE

[ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


STRUCTURES [ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


STRUCTURES [ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


STRUCTURES [ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


STRUCTURES [ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


STRUCTURES [ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


STRUCTURES [ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


STRUCTURES [ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


LOCATION

[ruin analysis] Location of ruin structures on site.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


SOLID / VOID [ruin analysis]

solid void

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


ROOMS

[ruin analysis] The ruins, in their imperfect and broken state, create a hierarchy of spaces. Some of the structures create enclosed spaces, while other only frame and partially enclose space. A third type of space is only implied, framed out by the physical ruins.

full enclosure partial enclosure implied space

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


SITE AXES

[ruin analysis]

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


CIRCULATION AXIS [ruin analysis]

primary N 0

50

100

secondary tertiary

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


RHYTHM/REPETITION [ruin analysis]

10’+ N 0 10 25

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska

50

100

0’-10’


E-W SECTION [ruin analysis]

section of the ruins, showing underground spaces in foundation

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


N-S SECTION [ruin analysis]

north-south section of the ruins showing underground spaces in the foundations.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


HUMAN SCALE [ruin analysis]

The ruins are all that remain of a powerful industrial plant. Because the buildings in this complex were constructed to house machinery, very few of these monolithic structures are human scaled.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


HEIGHT

[ruin analysis]

10’+ 0’-10’ <0

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


HEIGHT

[ruin analysis]

10’+ 0’-10’ <0

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


SOUND

[ruin analysis] Approximately every 30 minutes, a freight train passes by the site. This diagram illustrates the effect of the noise, and where it is most concentrated.

soft medium loud

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


EXISTING VIEW [ruin analysis]

Currently, the only view of the site comes from the highway, where a historical marker is placed. This is a very limited view, and does not allow the observer to spatially experience the ruins.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


FRAMED VIEWS [ruin analysis]

The ruins frame and create views of the surrounding site.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


FRAMED VIEWS [ruin analysis]

The ruins frame and create views of the surrounding site.

SITE ANALYSIS

antioch, nebraska


â&#x20AC;&#x153;Memories like these contain the deepest architectural experience that I know.â&#x20AC;?

Peter Zumthor


credits

site analysis + photos_CLASS sandhills region_ JOE CROGHAN, ALEC EASTMAN, MACKENZIE GIBBENS, SALEM TOPALOVIC potash industry_MEREDITH BUTLER, CAROLINA GONZALEZ, BRYAN PEREZ, RYAN PLAGER boom town_HILLARY KRAJNIK, MATT KREUTZER, LIZ SZATKO ruin analysis_ TRAVIS BARRETT, ZEB LUND, COREY THIELE edited / designed / compiled_ELIZABETH HELDRIDGE, ZOE COPE ARCH 311_DESIGN ECOLOGICAL CONTEXT_SPRING ‘14 professor_MARK BACON

Profile for Mark Bacon

Ghost Town  

Antioch, NE Potash Manufacturing Arch311 Spring 2014

Ghost Town  

Antioch, NE Potash Manufacturing Arch311 Spring 2014

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