Types of Reproduction Asexual Sexual
Purpose of Reproduction â€˘ To make sure a species can continue. â€“ Definition: Reproduction is the process by which an organism produces others of its same kind.
Asexual Reproduction â€˘ A new organism (sometimes more than one) is produced from one organism. â€˘ The offspring will have hereditary material uniform with the hereditary material of the parent organism. This means they will be genetically alike.
Types of Asexual Reproduction • • • •
Budding Regeneration Fission (Binary fission) Sporogenesis
Budding â€˘ Process by which a new, duplicate plant or animal begins to form at the side of the parent and enlarges until an individual is created. â€˘ Very common in plants;
Regeneration â€˘ The ability to restore lost or damaged tissues, organs or limbs. â€˘ It is a common feature in invertebrates, like worms and starfish.
Fission • Also called binary fission. • Becoming two by division of the complete organism. • A type of cell division.
Sporogenesis ď‚§ The mother cell divides its nucleus successively without dividing its cytoplasm ď‚§ E.g. protozoa
Sexual Reproduction • Requires two sex cells – egg and sperm • The egg and sperm join to form an entirely new organism – Different from the parent organism
IMPORTANT! â€˘ Asexual reproduction results in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent organism â€˘ Sexual reproduction results in offspring that are genetically different from the parent organisms
Advantages and Disadvantages Advantages
Many identical descendants in a short space of time which are well adapted to an environment
If the environment changes, they do not adapt and the species may disappear
Increases diversity because descendants are not identical to either of their parents but they have characteristics of each of them
The parents must come together to reproduce and that is not always easy