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Reciprocal Exchange (REEP) Partner School Grading Scales

Compiled by the Center for International Business Studies November 27, 2012


Table of Contents

Summary Page

1

Beijing Jiaotong University

2

BI Norwegian School of Management

3

Copenhagen Business School

4

EDHEC Business School

5

EM Lyon Business School

7

EM Strasbourg Business School

8

European Business School

9

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology

10

IPADE Business School

11

Johannes Kepler University

12

Jonkoping International Business School

13

Lancaster University

14

Maastricht University

15

National University of Singapore

16

Osaka University

17

Peking University, Guanghua School of Management

18

Soonchunhyang University

19

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

20

Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

21

Universitat Hohenheim

22

Universitat Pompeu Fabra

23

Universite de Lausanne

24

University of Adelaide

25

Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration

26

WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management

27


Beijing Jiaotong University

Certificate According to the Method of Score System Management of Beijing Jiaotong University, the five cents system have the following relationship with hundred-mark system: Five Cents System

Excellent

Hundred-mark System 90~100 4.0~5.0 GPA

Good

Fair

Pass

Down

80~89

70~79

60~69

Under 60

3.0~3.9

2.0~2.9

1.0~1.9

0

And about the average score, the following relationship can be refered: Five Cents System

Hundred-mark System GPA

Excellent Good Fair Pass Down 95

85

75

65

45

4.5

3.5

2.5

1.5

0

Academic Affairs Office Beijing Jiaotong University People's Republic of China

2


BI Norwegian Business School Oslo, Norway

BI Norwegian Business School uses letter grades in accordance with the international scale of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). This grading system is used in all courses and in all exams unless otherwise specified. The grades awarded for examinations, tests, evaluation of papers or other forms of evaluation are either Passed/Failed or on a scale of grades with five levels from A to E for passed and F for failed. The poorest pass grade for an examination is the grade E. The evaluation terms used for the grading scale are as follows: ECTS Grades A B C D E F

Definitions EXCELLENT – outstanding performance with only minor errors VERY GOOD – above the average standard but with some errors GOOD – generally sound work with a number of notable errors SATISFACORY – fair but with significant shortcomings SUFFICIENT – performance meets the minimum criteria FAIL – considerable further work is required

3


Copenhagen Business School Copenhagen, Denmark Danish Equivalent Explanation of the Mark Mark ECTS Mark Is given for an excellent performance, displaying a high level of 12 A command of all aspects of the relevant material with no or only a few minor weaknesses Is given for a very good performance, displaying a high level of 10 B command of most aspects of the relevant material with only minor weaknesses Is given for a good performance, displaying good command of the C 7 relevant material and some weaknesses Is given for a fair performance, displaying some command of the 4 D relevant material but also some major weaknesses Is given for a performance meeting only the minimum requirements E 02 for acceptance (Lowest passing grade) Is given for a performance which does not meet the minimum 00 Fx requirements for acceptance (Failure) Is given for a performance which is unacceptable in all respects -3 F (Failure) The grading scale is compatible with the ECTS-grading scale, which is a credit transfer and accumulation system co-ordinated by EU. Please note that ECTS marks are not to be understood as US marks (A, B, C, etc.).

4


THE GRADING SYSTEM USED AT EDHEC BUSINESS SCHOOL 3 The enclosed graph situates the French system with respect to the ECTS grading systems and French grade distribution norms. It does not give vital information about grading policies or philosophy. However, the most important insight into the French grading system is that evaluation is often devised so that 18-20 are virtually unattainable. Therefore, the top ranking students in the institution (especially at the level of Bachelor, EDHEC 1 and Master of Management, level 1) will be often by found within the 14-15 range. Please note that this conversion chart is not intended to give a numerical equivalency of grades, but rather to convey a qualitative message for recruiters and companies abroad. It is expected that universities and admission offices are expected to use this material to interpret how results can be expressed within their own national standards and leave room for slight discrepancies between schools.

COMPARATIVE GRADING CHART 2010-2011 ECTS

A

B

C

EDHEC 19-20 Excellent - Travail d’un niveau académique exceptionnel 18 Très bien - Problématique présentant du potentiel et bien argumentée et ficellée 17 Très bien Le travail présente un argumentaire solide avec une bibliographie récente et bien utilisée. Original. 14,5-16 Bien Le travail présente un argumentaire solide avec une bibliographie récente et bien utilisée. 14 Bien Satisfaisant, convaincant, quelques faiblesses dans l’argumentaire 13 Assez bien Bien Satisfaisant, quelques faiblesses dans l’argumentaire et l’exécution 12 Assez bien Convenable, faiblesses dans la bibliographie, l’argumentaire et l’exécution

COHORT RANKING

NORTH AMERICA UK A+ 97-100 80% 1st class A

(4.00) 95-96 75% first class 10% A-

(3.67) 90-94 70% first class

INTERPRETATION Excellent, outstanding performance 19-20 – To be used only very exceptionally for a publication level report or performance 18 – an extremely well conducted and argued paper, exam or master thesis with originality, academic excellence, and potential for further development 16-17 – a well done project, paper, thesis or exam that goes beyond simply reiterating previous research with a solid bibliography that is recent and well used

B+

(3.33) 87-89 Very good, above average but with some error nd 65% 2 class upper 15-16 A good master level thesis, exam paper or project B

(3.00) 85-86 55-60% second class lower

25%

(2.67) 80-84 50% 3rd class

14 Generally well done, but not particularly original, some flaws

B-

30% C+

(2.33) 77-79 45% 3rd class

Good, sound work with errors 13 – lack of originality, problems in execution, problems in argumentation 12 – faulty bibliography, poor use of resources, errors in argumentation, poor writing and careless execution

LILLE

NICE

PARIS

LONDON

SINGAPORE

24 avenue Gustave Delory CS50411 59057 ROUBAIX CEDEX 1 France Tél. +33(3)3 20 15 45 00 Fax. +33(0)3 20 15 45 01

393 Promenade des Anglais BP3116 06202 Nice Cedex 3 France Tél. +33(0)4 93 18 99 66 Fax. +33(0)4 93 83 08 10

12 bis rue de la Victoire 75009 Paris France Tél. +33(0)1 53 32 76 30 Fax. +33(0)1 53 32 76 31

New Broad Street House 35 New Broad Street London EC2M 1NH United Kingdom Tél. +44(0)20 3009 3480 Fax. +(44(0)20 3009 3481

9 Raffles Place #57-12 Republic Plaza Singapore 048619 Tél. +(65) 6823 1522 Fax. +(65) 6823 1376

5


11 Moyen

D

10 Passable 9 À refaire

E F

C

(2.00) 75-76 40% degree

25%

C-

(1.67) 70-74 Degree

10%

Satisfactory work with errors 11 – conventional and descriptive work rather than analytical. There is a lack of originality, some poor writing and rationalization weaknesses Passing, but with significant errors. 10 – pass because impossible to improve, faulty in every category but not enough to refuse the diploma, course, cycle 9 – fail, must redo, thesis refused, compensation required at the course level; possibility of achieving credits if all other requirements are in order

OTHER ABBREVIATIONS ON TRANSCRIPTS I R PSSCT Leniency EQU W/NC WAWE

The student has not completed the course for reasons acceptable to the administration and the instructor. Repeat/Compen The grade indicates a make-up exam for a Rattrapage sation/Retake previously failed or low pass course Credits given not The course requirement has been fulfilled, but the Pass with Credit grade grade does not count in the overall GPA Low passing Credit is awarded based on the overall transcript Compensation grade/high fail and decided by a jury Low Passing Credit is automatically awarded based on the overall Equivalence grade/high fail GPA even if course is failing Withdrawal/ The student withdrawn from the course after the Withdrawal No credit deadline. Waiver with Waiver Course requirements fulfilled without doing course. credit ABS

Incomplete

Issued for all intents and purposes by

Academic Affairs 2010-2011 Assistant Dean, Academic Affairs, Anne E. Witte, Ph.D.

LILLE

NICE

PARIS

LONDON

SINGAPORE

24 avenue Gustave Delory CS50411 59057 ROUBAIX CEDEX 1 France Tél. +33(3)3 20 15 45 00 Fax. +33(0)3 20 15 45 01

393 Promenade des Anglais BP3116 06202 Nice Cedex 3 France Tél. +33(0)4 93 18 99 66 Fax. +33(0)4 93 83 08 10

12 bis rue de la Victoire 75009 Paris France Tél. +33(0)1 53 32 76 30 Fax. +33(0)1 53 32 76 31

New Broad Street House 35 New Broad Street London EC2M 1NH United Kingdom Tél. +44(0)20 3009 3480 Fax. +(44(0)20 3009 3481

9 Raffles Place #57-12 Republic Plaza Singapore 048619 Tél. +(65) 6823 1522 Fax. +(65) 6823 1376

6

4


EM Lyon Business School Lyon, France

Below please find the ECTS grades and translation sheets for some of our partner universities. Grade A, Excellent B, Very Good C, Good D, Satisfactory E, Pass FX / F, Fail

Lancs. 70+ 65-69 60-64 50-59 35-49 0-34

7


5trasbourg,

October 8,2012

Dear Colleague, In the French system, students are graded on a 1-20 scale. A student needs at least a 10/20 to pass the class in France. Yet, the marking system is rather strict and high grades are not as common as in other systems. Please find below a chart which will give you an idea of the value of French grades in general. Grade

Evaluation Class failed Pass - Fairly Good

<10 10 -12 12-14 14-16 16-18

Very Good Excellent

18 and above

Outstanding

Good

Please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions. Sincerely,

Ludwig Kreitz Director Office of international

Relations

8


Grade Transfer Table EBS Quotient from 0,981 0,965 0,949 0,933 0,917 0,901 0,885 0,869 0,853 0,837 0,821 0,805 0,789 0,773 0,757 0,741 0,725 0,709 0,693 0,677 0,661 0,645 0,629 0,613 0,597 0,581 0,565 0,549 0,533 0,517 0,500 0,000

EBS Quotient to 1,000 0,980 0,964 0,948 0,932 0,916 0,900 0,884 0,868 0,852 0,836 0,820 0,804 0,788 0,772 0,756 0,740 0,724 0,708 0,692 0,676 0,660 0,644 0,628 0,612 0,596 0,580 0,564 0,548 0,532 0,516 0,499

German Grade 1 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6 1,7 1,8 1,9 2 2,1 2,2 2,3 2,4 2,5 2,6 2,7 2,8 2,9 3 3,1 3,2 3,3 3,4 3,5 3,6 3,7 3,8 3,9 4 5

ECTS Grade

ECTS Definition

A

Excellent

B

Very good

C

Good

D

Satisfactory

E

Sufficient

F

Fail

Grade Status: „Fin.“ = final grade displayed „Inc.“ = incomplete module / no credits awarded currently; student has the possibility to participate in a retake exam at EBS. “Rep.” = grade of a repetition exam displayed

All information as of 14 March 2012

EBS Universität für Wirtschaft und Recht Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 3 65189 Wiesbaden Germany

Telefon +49 611 7102 00 Fax +49 611 7102 1999 international@ebs.edu www.ebs.edu 9


Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) Hong Kong

Grades and grade points for course assessment are stated in the table below. For the purpose of calculating grade-point averages, numerical grade points are assigned for course grades, except for the following: AU, DI, I, P, PA, PP and W. Letter Grades A+ A AB+ B BC+ C CD F (1) DI (1) PA P (2) PP I AU W

Grade Points 4.3 4.0 3.7 3.3 3.0 2.7 2.3 2.0 1.7 1.0 0

Definitions Excellent Performance

Good Performance

Satisfactory Performance Marginal Pass Fail Distinction Pass (Under the DI/PA/F grading system) Pass (Under the P/F grading system) Permitted to Proceed Incomplete (see AR 7.4) Audited (see AR 5.9) Withdrawal without Penalty

Notes: 1. The DI and PA grades can only be used under the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Distinction/Pass/Failâ&#x20AC;? grading system. 2. The Permitted to Proceed (PP) grade may be given in two-part or three-part project courses. When progress in thesis or project work is satisfactory but not scheduled for completion at the end of a term, the PP grade will be used. It will be converted to the grade given at the end of the final part of the course. The PP grade is also used at the end of the first term of a two-regular term course, in which case the PP grade is left unchanged when the final grade is recorded at the end of the second term.

10


IPADE Business School Grading System chart

100 96 95 92 89 87 84 81

A+ AB+ B BC+ C C-

Un Satisfactory

77

D

Fail

65

F

10 to 9.5

Excelent

9.4 to 8.5

Very Good

8.4 to 8.0

Good

7.9 to 7.0 6.9 to 6

11


Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria

JKU applies the following grading system: ECTS Grade

Percentage of successful students normally achieving the grade

A

10

B

25

C

30

D

25

E

10

FX

-

F

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Austrian Grade

Definition

EXCELLENT: outstanding performance with only minor errors VERY GOOD: above the average 2 (Gut) standard but with some errors 3 GOOD: generally sound work with (Befriedigend) a number of notable errors SATISFACTORY: fair but with 4 (Gen端gend) significant shortcomings SUFFICIENT: performance meets 4 (Gen端gend) the minimum criteria 5 (Nicht FAIL: some more work required gen端gend) before the credit can be awarded 5 (Nicht FAIL: considerable further work is gen端gend) required 1 (Sehr gut)

P

PASS

PD

Passed with Distinction

S

Successful Participation

12


13


Lancaster University Lancaster, UK

Below please find the ECTS grades and translation sheets for some of our partner universities. Grade A, Excellent B, Very Good C, Good D, Satisfactory E, Pass FX / F, Fail

Lancs. 70+ 65-69 60-64 50-59 35-49 0-34

14


Maastricht University The Netherlands

The Dutch grading system, used from elementary through university education is the 1 to 10 scale given in the following table, wherein 10 is the highest grade, 6 the minimum pass and 1 the lowest grade.

         

10: excellent 9: very good 8: good 7: amply sufficient 6: sufficient 5: almost sufficient 4: insufficient 3: low 2: bad 1: very bad

Educators uniformly comment on the great difficulty in obtaining 9's and 10's and the respectability of 6's. There is also agreement that an 8 represents a high level of achievement, while grades 6 and 7 generally account for the majority of passing grades awarded.

15


National University of Singapore Singapore

Grades at NUS are based on the following scale: Grade

Description

Grade Point

A+, A, A-

Excellent

4.5-5.0

B+, B, B-

Very Good

3.0-4.0

C+, C

Good, Satisfactory 2.0-2.5

D+, D

Probationary

1.0-1.5

F

Fail

0.0

16


Osaka University Osaka, Japan 100 is perfection on a scale of 1 to 100. S: 90 ~ 100 A: 80 ~ 89 B: 70 ~ 79 C: 60 ~ 69 F (Fail): 0 ~ 59

17


Guanghua School of Management, Peking University Beijing, China

All grades at Guanghua School of Management, Peking University are given on a total of 100hundred mark basis, and 60 percentage is the minimum required grade to pass a course. The letter grades corresponding to the percentage grades are as follows: Percentage Grade

Letter Grade

98% 95% 90% 85% 80% 75% 70% 65% 60%

95-100 90-94 85-89 81-84 78-80 75-77 72-74 68-71 64-67 60-63 Below 60

<60%

A+ A AB+ B BC+ C CD F

We adopt the Academic Credit System at GSM. Students are required to obtain a specified number of academic credits to fulfill their degree requirements. At Guanghua, one academic credit is equivalent to 15 contact hours.

18


Soonchunhyang University Seoul, South Korea

GRADE

GPA

A+ (100-95) 4.5 B (84-80) 3.0 D+(69-65) 1.5

GRADE

GPA

GRADE

GPA

A (94-90) C+ (79-75) D (64-60)

4.0 2.5 1.0

B+(89-85) C (74-70) F (59-0)

3.5 2.0 0

19


Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Madrid, Spain The gradings given to students at Spanish universities are shown below. They correspond to the numerical score shown in brackets: • High Distinction -Matrícula de honor- (10) - The highest rating. only awarded to a small number of students who have proven their exceptional performance. In the following course, the student has the right to a free subject. • Distinction -Sobresaliente- (9) - Given to students who have performed very well. • Credit -Notable- (7-8) - Awarded to students with a medium/high level of performance. • Pass -Aprobado- (5-6) - This rating indicates that the student performed sufficiently well to complete the subject. • Failure -Suspenso- (0-4) - The student did not pass the subject and must therefore do another examination, although the number of repetitions is restricted.

20


Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona Barcelona, Spain

21


Universitat Hohenheim Stuttgart, Germany

The grading scale for Universitat Hohenheim is as follows: 1.0 / 1.3 = very good 1.7 / 2.0 / 2.3 = good 2.7 / 3.0 / 3.3 = medium 3.7 / 4.0 = pass 5.0 = fail

22


University of Pompeu Fabra Barcelona, Spain

Grade Equivalence in points 5.0-6.9 - Pass 1 7.0-8.9 - Good 2 9.0-10 - Excellent 3 9.0-10 - Excellent with honours 4

23


HEC Lausanne Lausanne, Switzerland HEC Grade

ECTS grade

% of successful students normally achieving the grade

6.0

A

10 %

Excellent

5.5

B

25 %

Very good

5

C

30 %

Good

4.5

D

25 %

Satisfactory

4.0

E

10 %

Sufficient

3.0/3.5

FX

1.0/1.5/ 2.0/2.5

F

-

-

Qualification

Fail

Fail

Definition

Outstanding performance with only minor errors Above the average standard but with some errors Generally sound work with a number of notable errors Fair but with significant shortcomings Performance meets the minimum criteria Some more work required before the credit can be awarded Considerable further work is required

24


University of Adelaide Adelaide, Australia Grading at the University of Adelaide 85-100 High Distinction 75 - 84 Distinction 65 - 74 Credit 50 - 64 Pass 0 - 49 Fail 45-49 Conceded Pass (Only available in some courses) IF â&#x20AC;&#x201C; incomplete fail

25


Vienna University of Economics & Business Vienna, Austria At WU the following grading system is used: 1 excellent (“Sehr gut”) 2 good (“Gut”) 3 satisfactory (“Befriedigend”) 4 sufficient (“Genügend”) 5 fail (“Nicht genügend”)

26


WHU Otto Beisheim School of Management Vallendar, Germany

Grades at WHU are based on the following scale: Grade

Definition

Explanation

1.0 / 1.3

Excellent

An outstanding performance

1.7 / 2.0 / 2.3

Very Good A performance that is significantly above the average requirements

2.7 / 3.0

Good

3.3 / 3.7

Satisfactory A performance that largely conforms to the average requirements

4

Sufficient

A performance that despite deficiencies, still satisfies the requirements

5

Fail

A performance, which due to significant deficiencies, no longer satisfies the requirements

A performance that is slightly above or conforms to the average requirements

27


REEP Partner School Grading Scales