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Pearl Harbor Our Group Name: Community of interconnectedness Central idea: Journeys inspire changes and discoveries within local and global communities Lines of inquiry: 1st line of inquiry: Inquiry into significant historical events 2nd line of inquiry: Inquiry into how historical events affects societies 3rd line of inquiry: Inquiry into the consequences of human decision in the history Pearl Harbor 1941 December 7 in 1941, Pearl Harbor is a U.S. naval base near Honolulu, Hawaii, and was the scene of a devastating surprise attack by Japanese forces on December 7, 1941. Just before 8 a.m. on that Sunday morning, hundreds of Japanese fighter planes descended on the base, where they managed to destroy or damage nearly 20 American naval vessels, including eight enormous battleships, and over 300 airplanes. More than 2,400 Americans died in the attack, including civilians, and another 1,000 people were wounded. The day after the assault, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan. the axis powers held a supremacy over Europe and parts of Asia. Great Britain stood undefeated, but, without the strength to win against an overpowering enemy. The bombing of Pearl Harbour led to the escalation of the world war into the Pacific arena and also brought American into war with both Japan and Germany. Three years later, it was American troops who provided the majority of the manpower in the liberation of occupied Europe. Why did japan attacked pearl harbor -The U.S. and Japan had been butting heads for decades and it was inevitable that things would eventually culminate into a war. Japan had imperial ambitions to expand to China to solve some demographic and economical problems and to take over the Chinese import market. When in 1937 Japan decided to declare war on China, America was very against this aggression and responded with trade embargoes and economic sanctions. Specifically, the oil embargo that America organized with the British and the Dutch was a thorn in the side for Japan, which imported 90% of its oil. Without oil Japan’s military could not function and all war efforts would come to an end. Negotiations had been going on for months between Washington and Tokyo, without any resolution, so Japan decided to attack first. Japan was at war with China because Japan wanted to occupy asia such as china, Indonesia, korea etc, and Japan needed more resources to fight, and most of their resources like oil came from the US and without oil Japan's military would be useless. The US did not agreed the japanese aggression in china so the US declared an embargo on Japan.That means America would stop supplying to Japan with the resources they need to keep fighting. Source How did it affect the American society ON DEC. 7, 1941, RADIOS buzzed with the news that several hundred Japanese planes attacked a U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, killing more than 2,400 Americans as well as damaging or destroying eight Navy battleships and more than 100 planes. Though it would be some time before people learned the full scope of the damage, within days a oncedistant war in Europe and the Pacific became a central part of life in the United States, affecting politics, business, media, and entertainment. In his new book, December 1941: 31 Days That Changed America and Saved the World, Craig Shirley offers a day-by-day chronicle of the full month and recounts Pearl Harbor's political, economic, and cultural implications as they happen. Shirley, the president and CEO of a Washington, D.C., area public relations firm and author of two books on Ronald Reagan, recently spoke with U.S. News about how Americans responded to Pearl Harbor in 1941 and what its legacy is 70 years later. Excerpts:

My opinion It affected the american society because when the japanese bomb Pearl Harbour not only the Navy and the armies that died in the attack but american civilians died too. So there are 68 civilians that died and 35 wounded.

Pearl Harbor In my own words Pearl Harbour was a US Naval base near Honolulu, Hawaii. And was a location of a sudden attack by the japanese forces on December 7, 1941. Just before 08:00 am on that sunday, hundreds of japanese fighter plane falls down on the base, where they managed to destroy and damaged nearly 20 naval ships, including 8 enormous battleships. And over 300 planes were destroyed. More than 2,400 Americans were killed in the attack, including civilians, and another 1,000 people were wounded. The day after that attack, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked the legislative to announce the War against japan. Why attack Pearl Harbor As war was inevitable, Japan’s only chance was the element of surprise and to destroy America’s navy as quickly as possible. Japan wanted to move into the Dutch East Indies and Malaya to conquer territories that could provide important natural resources such as oil and rubber. By destroying a large portion of the American fleet, they hoped to conquer the Philippines and Malaya while America was still recovering

from its own damages – simultaneous attacks were launched on these places while Pearl Harbor was taking place. In the attack there were two wave, And there were over 300 american planes were destroyed but only 29 japanese planes that crashed, So in the first wave they lost 9 planes and in the second wave they lost 20 japanese plains. 3rd line of inquiry When the japanese head of state emperor Hirohito negotiate with the US president, President Franklin D. Roosevelt japan said they wanted a peace treaty with the US, but the US said they do not want a peace treaty with japan. So General Hideki Tojo decided to attack first but emperor Hirohito was worried about it, and they decided to attack Pearl Harbour Because it’s a naval base, and because at the pearl harbor there are many warships that could destroy Japan, and also there are many aircraft that can attack japan as well so they decided to attack pearl harbor. So after the attack japan and America entered WWII, so the japanese consequences was the Hiroshima and Nagasaki nuclear bomb. And after the US bombed japan not long after that Japan surrender.

WWII Timeline/What was happening before Pearl Harbor 1938

German Anschluss with Austria?

30 Sept 1938

Treaty of Munich

March 1939

Hitler invades Czechoslovakia

March /April 1939

Britain rearms and reassures Poland

late Aug 1939

Russia and Germany sign pact?

1 Sept 1939

Hitler invades Poland

3 Sept 1939

Britain and France declare war on

Sept 1939-May 1940

‘Phoney War’

April/May 1940

Hitler invades Denmark and Norway

10 May 1940


13 May 1940

Chamberlain resigns

26 May 1940

Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo)

11 June 1940

Italy enter war on side of Axis powers

22 June 1940

France signs armistice with Germany

10 July – 31 October 1940

Battle of Britain

22 Sept 1940

Tripartite Pact

December 1940

British rout Italians in N. Africa

early 1941

Italy and Germany attack Yugoslavia

22 June 1941

Hitler attacks Russia – Operation Barbarossa

7 Dec 1941

Pearl Harbor

Pearl harbor  

document about pearl harbour

Pearl harbor  

document about pearl harbour