Senseable City - Gentrification

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TEAM

MAYRA LOPEZ

SHERINE ZEIN

CAGLAR GOKBULUT

UNIVERSITY OF THE ANDES

LEBANESE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

VIRGINIA TECH

ARCHITECT BOGOTA,COLOMBIA

ARCHITECT BEIRUT,LEBANON

ARCHITECT ISTANBUL,TURKEY


How can genetrification be positive and foster redevelopment?


barcelona clusters of establishments

Snap to grid

300m

Commercial establishments less

more


poblenou


OLYMPIC GAMES

1992 Massive transformation of El Poblenou.

1800

Many artists and young professionals have converted the former factories and warehouses into lofts, galleries, and shops.

1900 INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Poblenou was the epicenter of Catalan and Iberian industry.

Surrounding the extensive cluster of factories stood mostly working class residential areas

POST INDUSTRIAL Poblenou is in a state of abandon

Art & Design schools and studios have also opened, making the area known for its creative outlook.

GENTRIFICATION

2016


poblenou

Industrial Neighborhood Surrounding the extensive cluster of factories stood mostly working class residential areas. When the industrial buzz passed, the neighborhood fell into a state of abandon and after a period of decay, the neighborhood has undergone a dramatic transformation.

Connection with the city

Poblenou 22@

The leafy Rambla de Poblenou, which stretches from Avinguda Diagonal to the beach, is the main commercial street.El Poblenou lies between the great beaches of Barcelona and city center which allow its resident on one hand a great chilled beach life and on the other hand proximity to a huge variety of shopping centers, bars and restaurants.

The massive 22@ plan sets to convert Poblenou into the city's technological and innovation district, as well as to increase leisure and residential spaces.The Olympic Games in 1992 were the main trigger for a massive transformation of El Pobleno. With the newly built upscale Vila OlĂ­mpica and Diagonal Mar areas along its sides, many artists and young professionals have converted the former factories and warehouses into lofts, galleries, and shops.



gentrification types Expansive Gentrification

strong old core

outside development

strong relations

city expansion

Concentrated Gentrification

city with a small but strong ethnic group http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/08/20/gentrification-types_n_5689050.html

expansion of old core reduction of other weaker ones

population is concentrated into one strong core


gentrification types Limited Gentrification

a city with limits

growth of smaller gentrified areas

growth is limited by city’s borders

Nascent Gentrification

traditional but segregated city http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/08/20/gentrification-types_n_5689050.html

birth and development of other separated parts of the city

implied future potential similar phenomenon


Poblenou & gentrification

existing points of innovation

new points of innovations

network of innovation

With the newly built upscale Vila OlĂ­mpica and Diagonal Mar areas along its sides, many artists and young professionals have converted the former factories and warehouses into lofts, galleries, and shops. Art/Architecture/Design schools and studios have also opened, making the area known for its creative outlook. This has resulted into a new identity for Poblenou as the developing innovation neighborhood. Therefore, we can witness a new type of gentrification having innovation and original ideas taking over the old industrial neighborhood.


data analysis Date of Development Density of The Population Scales of Commercial Establishments Coworking and Education Centers Activities and Innovation


sant marti density of the population

Filter blocks by density of population

Commercial establishments lower density higher density


sant marti development through time

Filter lots by date of development

Date 0 > 1990 1980 1970 1960

1940 1930 1920 1910 1900


sant marti types and scales of commercial establishments commercial spaces

Filter lots with commerce by scale

Commercial establishments small scale commerce medium scale commerce large scale commerce


sant marti scales of commerce S

M

L

fish store Rambla Poblenou

mercadona Rambla Poblenou

Diagonal Mar El Forum / Maresme

local store that supplies daily, small scale needs

medium scale store to supply bigger quantities.

one of the largest malls in the city. concentration of stores in a container.


sant marti innovation centers

Innovation centers by type

Innovation Types innovation/co-working hubs art galleries and studios architecture/design schools architecture/design studios


sant marti innovation areas of influence

Buffer of innovation centers

133 m

Innovation innovation/co-working hubs


sant marti influenced commercial spaces

PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION 9%


sant marti influenced housing

PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION

27%


sant marti influenced industry

PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION

10%


sant marti influenced offices

PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION

43%


sant marti influenced programs Uses within co-working spaces buffer area

uses housing commerce offices industry

PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION 11% 9% 10% 27% 43%


sant marti vacant lots/ potential sites


sant marti potential sites/ clusters of innovation


Gr

an

Vi a

FORUM

nal

Diago

a

bl

m

Ra ou

en

bl Po

PLAÇA GLORIES


Vision BOTTOM-UP GENTRIFICATION


food production studio

shops market

housing

gallery

school

workshop

HORIZONTAL RELATIONSHIP fablab library restaurants co-working spaces

VERTICAL RELATIONSHIP

cafes

The functions that we would implement in our project are the innovative programs that exist in Poblenou’s gentrification process in relation with other functions found in the district. Transforming the horizontal relationship of existing functions to vertical confirgurations will generate a new urban dynamic and a typolgy of shopping mall.


intervention adaptive re-use

MAKER COWORKI N G LI B RARY COOKINGMARKETSHOPSSPACERESTAURANT

STUDIO ARTISTS’S EXHIBITION

TEXTILE WORKSHOP


intervention adaptive re-use

MAKER COWORKI N G LI B RARY COOKINGMARKETSHOPSSPACERESTAURANT

STUDIO ARTISTS’S EXHIBITION

TEXTILE WORKSHOP


typological study

mono-programmatic intervention

multiple mono-programmatic interventions

multi-programmatic intervention distributed activities on different levels shopping mall housing hotel leisure parking public space


intervention new development


intervention new development


intervention new development



intervention new development