Page 1


ARH 510 OL1: Studio 9: Mixed Use Urbanism & Research Ahmad Jabassini Spring 2018

ARCHITECTURE AFTER WAR


Thesis statement:

The Syrian war divided the society and damaged the education in the country by making more than 5 million people leave their education, therefore I believe that public libraries can play a fundamental role in the rebuilding process of the Syrian community and cities after 8 years of war by providing public cultural spaces and public open spaces that connect people together and help the society to heal for the division.


ABSTRACT

The city of Damascus is suffering from 8 years of war that damaged the Syrian society and education. Today, more than 85% of the country is destroyed and more than 5 million student are considered as lost generations. This project response to the 8 years of darkness by the light of education and knowledge; the opportunity is by creating public open space and public cultural space that can be reliefs to the users and a public spaces where the city can rehab from the war. The harmony between the building and public open space will support the Syrian society by connecting people together and provide kids zone where the young generations can study and be back at school.


table of contents


site research

damascus

1


Thesis statement:

THE OLDEST CITY IN THE WORLD

2


Ancient City of Damascus Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus was an important cultural and commercial centre, by virtue of its geographical position at the crossroads of the orient and the occident, between Africa and Asia. The old city of Damascus is considered to be among the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. Excavations at Tell Ramad on the outskirts of the city have demonstrated that Damascus was inhabited as early as 8,000 to 10,000 BC. However, it is not documented as an important city until the arrival of the Aramaeans. In the Medieval period, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, with different areas of the city specializing in particular trades or crafts.

PEACE

1


MODERN HISTORY OF DAMASCUS IN THE MODERN HISTORY OF SYRIA, A WAR STARTED IN 2010 AND DESTROYED MORE THAN 85% OF THE COUNTRY AND CREATED 8 YEARS OF WAR THAT DAMAGED THE SOCIETY AND COMMUNITY. The WAR CREATED 8 YEARS OF DARKNESS AND LOST GENERATIONS BY MAKING MORE THAN 5 MILLION STUDENT TO LEAVE THEIR EDUCATION AND DESTROYING MORE THAN 5000 SCHOOLS. THE SYRIAN CRISIS TODAY IS CONSIDERED AS ONE OF THEM WORST CRISIS THE WORLD EVER WITNESSED

WAR

2


DAMASCUS ZONING DIAGRAM

3


Thesis statement:

4


PROBLEM

5


d a m a s c u s t o d a y

6


site / peace

7


site / war

8


MAPPING DIAGRAM

Peace Zone

Damascus / Zonning

BOMBED AREAS

Rivers

Main Streets

War Zone

Destroyed worships

Surrounding mountain

Vernacular Architecture

SITE

Modern City

Old Damascus

Underground Tunnels

Architectural Styles

Green Spaces

Mass Destruction

Main Street

Most Active commercial Spaces

0.7 Mile

0.2

Mile

2.7 Miles

le

1.9 Mi

13 Mile

Vernacular Architecture

0.36 Mile

N Residential

Relationship between different areas in the city

Public Spaces Library /Theater/ Landmark

Commercial

Schools

0.2

RIVER IN SITE

Compact Areas in The City

MAPPING

PEACE 9

Mile

3.2 Miles

Dimetions

WAR


MAPPING DIAGRAMS

COLLAGE

COLLAGE

COLLAGE

CURRENT SITE - 2018

MAPPING / LAYERING

MAPPING / EXISTING BUILDINGS -2010

10


MAPPING DIAGRAM

11


MAPPING DIAGRAM

12


MASTER PLAN DIAGRAM

13


CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAM

14


PRECEDENTS /PUBLIC LIBRARIES LOS ANGELES PUBLIC LIBRARY LOCATION: LOS ANGELES / CA ARCHITECT: Bertram Goodhue YEAR: 1872 SIZE: 29,348 sqm

HIGHLIGHT: HISTORICAL VALUE Traditional library that used to the the prototype of many libraries designed after it.

NEWYORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

SENDAI MEDIATHEQUE

SEATTLE CENTRAL LIBRARY

LOCATION: New York, NY, USA ARCHITECT: Carrère and Hastings YEAR: 1897–1911 SIZE: 29,348 sqm

LOCATION: Sendai, Miyagi, Japan ARCHITECT: Toyo Ito YEAR: 1995-2001 SIZE: 21,682 sqm

LOCATION: Seattle, Washington, USA ARCHITECT: OMA + LMN YEAR: 1999-2004 SIZE: 38,300 sqm BRANCHES: 26

HIGHLIGHT: HISTORICAL VALUE

HIGHLIGHT: FREE CIRCULATING SPACE MEANDER BETWEEN STRUCTURAL TUBES

Traditional library that used to the the prototype of many libraries designed after it.

HIGHLIGHT: VERTICAL CIRCULATION

"...this building has many free spaces, that is, spaces that are not intended, as rooms are, to serve specific functions. Such spaces exist, for example, between the tubes and the building perimeter. Visitors will be able to use such spaces as they use the city streets, for various activities.” -Toyo Ito

52’

book stack

reading tables

1

hq reading room

Board Room

1

Rreading ROTUNDA

Main Lobby

2

Reading

Galleries

spiral

Auditorium Books

mixing chamber

reading room

Reading Books

3

exhibition

2

meeting 5th ave

gallery

4

Books

stacks

forum

5

sectional programmatic diagram

4

4th ave parking

sectional programmtic diagram

ground floor | circulation diagram

3

ENTRY

staff offices ENTRY

stable

instable

PRECEDENTS PROGRAM hq studio/offices meeting rooms

2

professional gallery

reading reading room

catalog/computers gallery/library card

gallery exhibition 1

map/periodicals shop

stacks

forum

book/check out

1

library

children/newspaper/mag

2

media open square

cafe/shop/information multi-purpose event venue

offices

cinema exhibition

cinema exhibition

gallery mezzanine

public gallery

3

reading room

reading room

Sendai Mediatheque

reading room

seattle room

reference

4th ave parking

New York Public Library: 2 entrances

collection

Sendai Mediatheque: 2 entrances

hq

hq reading room spiral spiral spiral spiral mixing chamber

reading room

2

spiral

Reading

mixing chamber

Auditorium Books check-in/check out living room/shop

1

collection

2

1

staff offices

Books check-in/check out children/auditorium

Books

mezzanine

reading room gallery exhibition

5th ave

reference

3

4th ave

cinema exhibition gallery

3

meeting

Reading

New York Public Library:

1

library

2

media open square

stacks

forum

VERTICAL MOVEMENT

Seattle Public Library

PRECEDENTS PROGRAM

Sendai Mediatheque:

gallery

reading room gallery

map/periodicals shop

forum

meeting

cinema exhibition

public gallery

gallery mezzanine

gallery/exhibition

offices

stacks

professional gallery

Meeting room/office space

catalog/computers gallery/library card

exhibition

children/library card

book/check out

library

Auditorium

children/newspaper/mag

cafe/shop/public space

cafe/shop/information multi-purpose event venue

media open square

5th ave 4th ave

New York Public Library

parking

2 collection floors

Sendai Mediatheque:

: 5 reference desks

staff offices

stacks

2 collection floors

Seattle Public Library

studio/offices meeting rooms

Classrooms

mixing chamber

forum

New York Public Library:

5 reference desks

Children’s collection

spiral

media open square

reading room

Seattle Public Library

Sendai Mediatheque

: 3 collection floors hq Board Room

seattle room

Rreading ROTUNDA

Main Lobby

Braod Room / cir

wrtier’s room

Reading

1

Galleries

Auditorium

check-in/check out living room/shop children/auditorium check-in/check out

1

1

Books

2

2

Books Books

3rd floor digital source

physical sources 2. books stacks

Los Angeles Public Library 3

SPIRAL | 6th -9th floor

LIBRARY | 3rd floor

15

PRECEDENTS COLLECTION

PRECEDENTS COMMUNITY SPACES

reading room spiral spiral spiral spiral mixing chamber meeting

check-in/check out living room/shop

Reading

1. computer desks

3

PRECEDENTS CIRCULATION

gallery library

2

parking

reading room

mezzanine

5th ave staff offices

4 reference desks

hq

cinema exhibition

1

meeting

4th ave

parking

exhibition

Seattle Public Library: 2 entrances

reading room

wrtier’s room

Rreading

Galleries

5th ave staff offices

stacks

COMBINATION MOVEMENT

Board Room

Main Lobby

exhibition

meeting

media open square

gallery

HORIZONTAL MOVEMENT

ROTUNDA

library

forum

New York Public Library collection

mixing chamber

mezzanine reading room

children/library card

reference

spiral

gallery

5th ave staff offices

check-in/check out children/auditorium

4th ave parking

Seattle Public Library


PRECEDENTS /PUBLIC OPEN SPACES Q1: WHAT IS A PUBLIC LIBRARY TO YOU?

Q2: WHICH AREA IS YOUR FAVORITE IN THE LIBRARY?

Q3: HOW CAN WE IMPROVE THE LIBRARY?

Student: Mike Thompson / Political Science

Student: Mike Thompson / Political Science

Student: Mike Thompson / Political Science

1- It is a place where I feel comfortable and relaxed 2- It is a place to focus and study with friends

1- Reading Area / it is quite and comfortable

1- Make it bigger to contain more people 2- Natural lighting and interior materials

Librarian : Sarah Falub

Librarian : Sarah Falub

Librarian : Sarah Falub

1- It is the our past and out future 2- Social place where people meet and do different activities

1- The auditorium / very interesting design

1- Create different entrances to support the different program 2- Parking

Local Retail Owner / Subway Employee / 170 ft away

Local Retail Owner / Subway Employee / 170 ft away

Local Retail Owner / Subway Employee / 170 ft away

1- It is an active space where it support my business 2- A public building contains with diffrent people every day

1- The public open spaces around / Always busy

1- Add more public activities to attract different people 2- The exterior shape and design will help to make it a landmark

Myself / Architecture

Myself / Architecture

Myself / Architecture

1- It is a place where we reflect our culture and build the future 2- A public buildihg where people connect, relax, share and learn

1- Classrooms to study privately 2- Public open spaces /different activities

1- Add passive systems to use less energy for lighting and cooling 2- Make the exterior public spaces part of the interior so the users can experience the building in both indoor and outdoor areas

INVESTIGATION USERS

West Chamber

Momorial Museum

Momorial Hall

PUBLIC OPEN SPACE

Musuem / Momorial

Surroundings

Vertical Circulation

PRECEDENTS 9/11 MOMORIAL / PUBLIC OPEN SPACE

Eight-acre plaza with 400 trees that will surround two enormous recessed reflecting pools. 16


DIGITAL MODEL

PROGRAM

VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE / CONNECTING PEOPLE

ONE OPEN SPACE / PRIVATE PROGRAM

VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE / CONNECTING PEOPLE

ACTIVE PUBLIC AREA

PROGRAM & PROGRAM program PUBLIC AGENDA

RIVER / PUBLIC OPEN SPACE

DESIGN METHOD VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE / SOURCE OF LIFE / PUBLIC OPEN SPACE / HEALING LANDSCAPE 17


PHYSICAL MODEL

CONTAINING

VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE / CONNECTING PEOPLE OVER RAMPS

RAMPS/GREEN AREAS

SKETCH/ BRANCHING

PHYSICAL MODEL CONCEPTUAL STUDY MODELS / DESIGN PROCESS 18


CONCEPTUAL STUDIES

ONE SPACE BECOMES ANOTHER

BRIDGE OVER THE INVISIBLE WALL

BRIDGE OVER THE INVISIBLE WALL

VOLUME

MASS

SECTION/ LAYERING

DIGITAL MODLES 19

CONCEPTUAL STUDY MODELS / ARCHITECTURE AS A BRIDGE


CONCEPTUAL STUDIES

ISLAMIC ORNAMENTS / OLD DAMASCUS

KINTSUKUROI / REPAIR WITH GOLD / SCAR

ISLAMIC ORNAMENTS / LIGHT OF HOPE

CONCEPTUAL STUDY

KINTSUKUROI / REPAIR WITH GOLD / SCAR

RIVER / SOURCE OF LIFE THAT FORMED THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS IN DAMASCUS

RIVER / SOURCE OF LIFE THAT FORMED THE ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS IN DAMASCUS

SHAPING THE INVISIBLE 20


PERSPECTIVE VIEW

21

RELATIONSHIP WITH THE SURROUNDINGS


PERSPECTIVE VIEW

PUBLIC OPEN SPACE

22


FORMING

ARCHITECTURALLY: PUBLIC OPEN SPACE

ARCHITECTURALLY: SURROUNDING PROGRAM

CONCEPTUALLY: RIVER / SOURCE OF LIFE

CONCEPTUALLY: FORMING THE FUTURE CIVILIZATION OF DAMASCUS / EDUCATION

MASSING DIAGRAM 23


FORMING

ARCHITECTURALLY: PUBLIC LANDSCAPE AND GREEN AREAS

READING AREA / BRIDGE

CONCEPTUALLY: LIFTING THE DESTROYED SITE OF DAMASCUS

CONCEPTUALLY: CONTAINING THE ANCEINT EPIRES AND ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

MASSING DIAGRAM 24


FORMING

SECTION DIAGRAM

MASSING DIAGRAM CIRCULATION DIAGRAM 25


FORMING

PERSPECTIVE SECTION / DIAGRAM

PROGRAM DIAGRAM / SIMPLICITY OF THE FORM & COMPLEXITY OF THE FUNCTION

CONCEPTUAL DIAGRAMS 26


FORMING

KIDS ZONE

BOOKS AREA VERTICAL CIRCULATION

OUTDOOR PLAY GROUND

MEETING ROOMS

VERTICAL CIRCULATION

LOBBY UNDERGROUND TUNNEL / ENTRANCE

CAFE

LOBBY

KIDS ZONE CLASSROOMS

VERTICAL CIRCULATION

PUBLIC OPEN SPACE

VERTICAL CIRCULATION

VERTICAL CIRCULATION

LOBBY BOOKSTROE OFFICES

FLOOR PLAN DIAGRAM 27

GALLERY AUDITORIUM STORAGE

CAFE


FORMING

SECTION DIAGRAM 28


perspective views

FLOOR PLAN DIAGRAM 10

INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE

PUBLIC OPEN SPACE / PERSPECTIVE 29

INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE / BOOK AREA


perspective views

INTERIOR PERSPECTIVE / READING AREA 30


perspective views

10

PUBLIC OPEN SPACE / PERSPECTIVE VIEW 31

OUTDOOR PLAYGROUND / PERSPECTIVE VIEW


perspective views

PUBLIC OPEN SPACE / PERSPECTIVE VIEW 32


perspective views

10

PERSPECTIVE VIEW 33


perspective views

READING AREA/ PERSPECTIVE VIEW 34


WORK CITED

Berger, Joseph, “Queens Libraries Speak the Mother Tongue,” New York Times. January 3, 2011, A18, accessed May 18, 2016, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/03/nyregion/queens-librariesserve-59-languages.html?_r=0 Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. “Ancient City of Damascus.” UNESCO World Heritage Centre, 2018, whc.unesco.org/en/list/20. Culbertson, Shelly. “Syria Education at Risk.” CNN, Cable News Network, 21 Jan. 2017, www.cnn.com/2015/01/21/opinion/culbertson-syria-education/index.html.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, ‘Education Report Fact Sheet’, UNHCR, Geneva, December 2013. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, ‘Registration Data’, Syria Regional Refugee Response: Inter-agency Information Sharing Portal’, 10 April 2015, <http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/ country.php?id=122#>, accessed 26 April 2015. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, ‘Registration Data’, Syria Regional Refugee Response: Inter-agency Information Sharing Portal’, 14 April 2015, <http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/ regional.php>, accessed 26 April 2015.

Gladstone, Rick. “For Children Caught in Syria's War, 2016 Was Worst Year Yet, U.N. Says.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 13 Mar. 2017, 10 www.nytimes.com/2017/03/12/world/middleeast/syria-united-nations-children.html. Griswold, Eliza. “What Happens When a Culture Disperses?” Https://Www.newyorker.com/Culture/Culture-Desk/Mapping-the-Journeys-of-Syrias-Artists, 28 Jan. 2018, www.newyorker.com/culture/culture-desk/mapping-the-journeys-of-syrias-artists. Hendrix, Jennifer C, Checking Out the Future. Perspectives from the Library Community on Information Technology and 21st-Century Libraries (ALA Office for Information Technology Policy.) Accessed May 18, 2016, http://www.ala.org/offices/sites/ala.org.offices/files/content/oitp/publications/policybriefs/ala_checking_o ut_the.pdf. “In Damascus, UN Aid Chief Outlines Measures to Improve Response to Syrian Crisis in 2018 | UN News.” United Nations, United Nations, 2016, news.un.org/en/story/2018/01/1000262-damascus-unaid-chief-outlines-measures-improve-response-syrian-crisis-2018. OMA/LMN Architects "Concept Book". 15 December 1999. http://www.spl.org/prebuilt/cen_conceptbook/page2.htm Redmond Kathleen Molz and Phyllis Dain, Civic Space/cyberspace: The American Public Library in the Information Age (Cambridge, MA: MIT, C, 1999) “Syria: The Story of the Conflict.” BBC News, BBC, 11 Mar. 2016, www.bbc.com/news/worldmiddle-east-26116868.

35

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, The Future of Syria: Refugee children in crisis, UNHCR, Geneva, 2013. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Lebanon, ‘Education Update’, October 2014,<http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/documents.php?page=1&view=grid&Language%5B%5D=1 &Country%5B%5D=122&Type%5B%5D=6>, accessed 26 April 2015. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, World Food Programme, United Nations Children’s Fund, International Organization for Migration, Catholic Relief Services, and RESALA, Joint Assessment for Syrian Refugees in New Damietta, Cairo, 2013. United Nations Population Fund, Situation Assessment of Young Syrian Refugees and Lebanese Youth in Host Communities in Lebanon, UNFPA, Beirut, May 2014. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, The Harmonized Results Report, UNRWA, Palestinian Territory, 2013. UN News Centre, ‘Syria: Palestinian students allowed to temporarily leave Yarmouk camp for school exams’, 19 May 2014, <www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47829#.U3-qEHZrjOg>, accessed 9 June 2014. Vakil, Anna, ‘Confronting the Classification Problem: Towards a taxonomy of NGOs’, World Development, Vol. 25, No. 12, 1997, pp. 2057–2070. World Bank, Lebanon: Economic and Social Impact Assessment of the Syrian Conflict, Report No. 81098-LB, Beirut, 20 September 2013.


WORK CITED

Zyck, Steven A. and Justin Armstrong, Humanitarian Crises, Emergency Preparedness and Response: The role of business and the private sector: Jordan case study, Overseas Development Institute, London, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rkb3y6K3waU https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=THF03gkhPU8 http://www.monsterchildren.com/56036/an-idiots-guide-to-syria/ https://sputniknews.com/middleeast/201803021062145200-us-uk-instructed-terrorists-chemicalattack-syria/

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/200902833356722105/?lp=true http://syrianhistory.com/ar/photos/2795?tag=%D8%AF%D9%85%D8%B4%D9%82 https://www.pinterest.com/pin/305541155940211192/?lp=true http://endangeredsites.leadr.msu.edu/damascus/ http://www.marcuslyon.com/september-2012-exodus-i/exodus-i-damascus-syria-2009-3/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barada http://www.geographylists.com/syria_damascus.html

https://www.usnews.com/news/photos/2015/10/21/photos-syrias-ongoing-civil-war

http://elevation.maplogs.com/poi/old_damascus_damascus_syria.195143.html

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/305541155940211192/?lp=true

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/423338433702619141/?lp=true

http://mapio.net/pic/p-70214808/

http://i-cias.com/e.o/damascus.htm

http://endangeredsites.leadr.msu.edu/damascus/ https://viettelcargo.com/chuyen-hang-tu-viet-nam-di-damascus-syria.html https://www.pinterest.com/pin/423338433702619141/?lp=true https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C8RlPv92oiw http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2085779/backgrounder-chinas-rolesyrias-endless-civil-war http://www.virtourist.com/asia/syria/damascus/999.htm http://www.freevectors.net/details/Islamic+Ornament https://www.colourbox.com/vector/islamic-ornament-vector-11451839 https://www.vecteezy.com/vector-art/143167-free-islamic-ornaments-vector https://www.flickr.com/photos/samerabdulaal/12484816453/lightbox/ https://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g294011-d8754883-i290641132The_Barada_River-Damascus.html

36


10


AJ_M14_ARH51-_S18  
AJ_M14_ARH51-_S18  
Advertisement