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Preventing Infectious Diseases What are Infectious Diseases? One way you can prevent the growth of antibiotic resistant is to ask your doctor for antibiotics if you have a viral disease. Another is to always follow the prescription and finish your medication if your doctor gives you meds.

What are Infectious Diseases? An infectious disease is any disease that is caused

These are 5 Agents That Can Cause Infectious Diseases 

Bacteria- are tiny, single-celled organisms

Virus- tiny disease –causing particles made up of a genetic and a protein coat

Fungi– organisms that absorb and use the nutrients of living or dead organisms

Parasite– cause a large number of diseases in the U.S.

Protist– free-living organisms that are more complex than bacteria

4 Ways Infectious Diseases Spread 

Person to PersonSneezing, coughing, sharing drink containers, and having sexual contact can spread diseases from person to person.

Food and Water– Without proper cooking and treatment of foods these pathogens can be spread to the humans who eat the food.

Environment– Almost everything you see around you is covered with micro-organisms, a few cause disease.

Animals– Like humans, animals can carry disease. When humans come in contact with infected animals, diseases spread.

These are 2 different ways to fight diseases To fight Bacterial Diseases you can intake antibiotics, (medicines used to kill the growth of bacteria) which will prevent the growth of bacteria cells.

There is currently no cure for viral diseases, but there is symptomatical treatment available for people with viral infections.


Protecting Yourself From Infectious Diseases

How The Body Fights Infectious Diseases To make you sick most pathogens enter your body, start growing, and cause damage. Your body’s first line of defense is your SKIN. Your skin helps keep pathogens from entering your body. Mucous membranes are the soft tissues that line the nose, mouth, throat, and digestive tract. Like the skin, mucous

forms a barrier to keep pathogens out. The last line of defense is Chemicals. Many of the chemicals in your body destroy pathogens. Sometimes pathogens escape the barriers your body throws at them, and that’s where Inflammatory Response comes in. Inflammation ( a reaction to injury that is characterized by

pain or redness, and swelling) is the next way your body fights diseases. You know your body is fighting diseases when the inflammatory response happens. The last way your body fights diseases is with your immune system. Even though mucous barriers and the inflammatory response are very effect

-tive they can’t protect against all pathogens. So your immune system gets ready for action. The immune system is made up of certain types of blood cells and proteins called antibodies. Those lymphatic systems move through your body and pick up fluids from your body.

5 Things You Can Do To Stay Well 1. Drink Water. Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water a day to keep your immune system working properly.

2. Get Enough Sleep. Sleep is important to keep your body functioning properly.

Immunity To a Disease

3. Exercise Regularly. Get 5. Get Regular Doctor at least 60 minutes of ac- Checkups. Seeing your tivity daily. doctor and dentist regu4. Protect Yourself. Keep- larly can help you prevent getting sick. ing your body healthy helps your immune system to fight diseases.

3 Things to do when your Sick

When a vaccine is injected, the 1. Unless you have no other choice, immune system responds to you should stay home when your the vaccine by making white sick .You’ll get more rest, and you blood cells. In the future if the want pass your illness around. pathogen against which the vaccine was made enters the 2. Drink plenty of fluids, water or juice. body, the memory cells fight 3. Throw away any tissues you use the pathogen away before it right away, and wash your hands frecan cause a disease. quently.

3 Things to Do to Prevent Disease Spreading 1.

Get Vaccinated. Vaccines can help protect people from certain diseases for a period of time.

2.

Keep Clean. Maintaining good hygiene is the best way to help prevent the spread of diseases.

3.

Cover Your Mouth. This helps reduce the chance others will be infected.


Common Infectious Diseases

How Diseases Affect Everyone No matter how healthy we are, we all become ill at some point in our life. There are many different pathogens that it’s impossible to avoid them. Sometimes the illness may be minor, but others it might be serious. Although the young and the elderly are susceptible tot getting sick, we all are in risk of getting sick.

Tetanus

Strep Throat

Symptoms– Severe muscle spasms Symptoms– Sore throat, fever, and yellow white specks Transmission– Tetanus causing bacteria are or tonsils Transmission– Spread by contact with mucus from an infected person

commonly found in soil: they can enter body through cuts or wounds

Prevention– Avoiding contact with infected person

Prevention– Series of vaccines during childhood

Flu

Cold

Symptoms– Headache, sore throat, fever, vom- Symptoms– scratchy sore throat, sneezing and runny nose, and mild cough iting, etc. Transmission– Spread by contact with saliva or Transmission– spread by contact with saliva or mucus of an infected person mucus of an infected person Prevention– Vaccinations and avoiding contact Prevention– wash hands regularly and avoiding conwith infected person tact with infected person

Other Common Infections Fungal Infections– Athletes foot, jock itch, and ringworm Symptoms– itchy skin and lesions Protozoan Infections– Amebic Dysentery, malaria, and African Sleeping sickness Symptoms– nausea, diarrhea, and fever Parasitic Infections– Head lice, tapeworms,, and pinworms Symptoms– itchiness


Preventing Infectious Diseases