Life Style Diseases 4Types of Cardiovascular Disease 1.
Stroke– sudden attacks of weakness or paralysis that occur when a blood vessel; in the brain bursts or becomes blocked. High Blood Pressure– is force that blood exerts against the inside walls of a blood vessel. Heart Attack– a sudden loss of blood flow to the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis– the buildup of fatty materials on the inside walls of the arteries
4 Things you Can do to Lower your Chance for Cardiovascular Diseases 1.
Keep your weight near recommended levels.
Limit your consumption of sat. fats, cholesterol, and salt.
Exercise regularly to help you feel better, and feel less stressed.
Risk Factors for Lifestyle Diseases How Lifestyle Leads to Diseases Lifestyle diseases get their name because a persons lifestyle largely determines whether a person develops a lifestyle disease. Personal habits, behaviors, and practices aren’t the only factors that cause a lifestyle disease. It’s important to know the factors that cause a lifestyle disease because behaviors that lead to lifestyle diseases can start when you are very young.
Controllable Risk Factors 1. Your diet and body weight 2. Your level of sun exposure 3. Smoking and alcohol abuse Uncontrollable Risk Factors 1. Age 2. Gender
What You Can do Now to Help Prevent a Lifestyle Disease
1. You can exercise daily. At least 60 minutes a day
How Your Lifestyle Contributes to Cardiovascular Disease
2. You can make healthier food choices One reason some people develop cardiovascular disease is because of genetic make ups. Another reason is because of how you live. For example smoking, overweight, and high blood pressure greatly increases your chance of developing cardiovascular disease. Ways You can Detect and Treat Cardiovascular Diseases Detect
Ultrasound– to look at the heart in action
Electrocardiogram– to measure the electrical activity of the heart
Medicines– Many medicines are available to treat CVDs.
Diet and Exercise– Changing the diet and exercise habits is very important in treating CVDs.
Cancer 3 Causes of Cancer
4 Types of Cancer
What is Cancer? Cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth.
Certain viruses, such as human papilloma virus
Chemicals found in tobacco smoke
Radioactivity and ultraviolet radiation
Ways to Detect and Treat Cancer
Self–Exams– Regular examinations of the breast, skin, or testicles is very important.
Biopsy– Is a sample tissue token from the body to be examined.
X Rays– An X ray of the breast to detect tumors is called a mammogram.
Maintain a healthy weight. Exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet.
Avoid tobacco use and reduce the amount of stress in your life
Insulin in Diabetes
Lymphoma– cancer of the lymph nodes or lymph tissue
Skin– cancers that affect the skin
Colon– cancer of the colon
Ovarian– cancer that affects the ovaries
Surgery– n operation can remove tumors.
Chemotherapy– is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells
Radiation Therapy– is the use of radiation to remove cancer cells
5 Ways to Prevent Cancer
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes 1.
No butts about it: don't smoke. People who use tobacco are prone to cancer of the mouth.
Safeguard your skin. Limit your exposure to the damaging UV radiation that causes skin cancer.
3. Eat your veggies, and cut the fat. No diet can guarantee hat you won't get cancer. However, people who eat saturated fats, are more likely to get cancer.
4. Stay active, and maintain a healthy weight. Regular exercise helps against some types of cancer. 5. Get regular checkups. Your doctor can answer questions you may have about cancer risk factors,
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Insulin is a hormone that causes cells to Type 1– results from the body’s inability to produce insulin remove glucose from the bloodstream. Type 2– results from the inability of the body’s cells to reInsulin lowers the amount of glucose traveling free in the bloodstream. Insu- spond to insulin lin is produced by special cells in the pancreas. Detecting and Treating Diabetes Detecting Diabetes
Type 1– Test blood glucose several times a day. Several doses of insulin each day.
See doctor if you have symptoms.
Type 2– Healthy diet and regular exercise can control the amount of glucose you eat.