TRANSFORMING THE URBAN CORE
HOUSE OF QIGONG
ROBINSON RESIDENCE HALL
[transforming the urban core] São Paulo, Brazil | Fourth Year | Collaborators: Emily Loomis & Yasamin Enshaeian
The Schindler Global Award (SGA) is a student urban design competition with a focus on mobility. The 2017 competition site was in São Paulo, the main economic engine of Brazil and most populous city in South America. The city faces challenges at all scales, and the competition asked students to address them using urban design frameworks and strategies. The competition site is centered on the CEAGESP (Companhia de Entrepostos e Armazéns Gerais de São Paulo) wholesale market, along with its surrounding neighborhood and infrastructures. The CEAGESP will be relocated by the city in the coming years, freeing up a substantial part of the city for redevelopment and change. Its location in the center of São Paulo offers the potential for forward-thinking approaches to the creation of a new centrality within the city, connected and integrated into the local and regional context.
SOCIAL MOBILITY Thorough examination of São Paulo’s sub-prefecture of Lapa on a global, regional, and local scale reveals that the site’s current conditions foster various problems and potentials. São Paulo presents a globally relevant case study of improvement efforts to correct the deep poverty and environmental perils of economic underdevelopment and inadequate standards of living. In order to mitigate these issues, we must acknowledge the social and spatial barriers that exist within the city. Brazil’s booming economic growth is now slowing down as infrastructure and planning is not keeping pace with the rapidly growing urbanization and therefore has caused many housing problems, leaving many in unlivable conditions. Although urban regions seem to have garnered attention for all of the right reasons, the mass migration, however, did not give rise to commensurate social programs or more inclusive housing. While some see favelas as an eyesore to the city, others see the dynamism and potential of these cultural reservoirs. Radically different perceptions about favelas are active in the media depictions, policy analysis, and the imaginary. Officials, residents, analysts, and activists, are seeing very different realities, problems, and futures for favelas and their residents. Favelas have captivated international travelers with increasing prosperity and abundant cultural amenities, offering a unique perspective into the city; yet remain ostracized to the urban peripheries or too densely huddled in the shadows of downtown. As São Paulo continues to sprawl with increasing population, equality is becoming more difficult to maintain. Through development of increased social mobility, each individual will have the opportunity to excel. In contemporary society, social mobility is achievable through various facets. We have provided the framework to a flourishing community, allowing design and infrastructure to positively influence the tendencies and human nature of social relation. Focusing on the creation of vibrant urban environments stimulated by appropriate urban typologies and their strong interconnection to the surrounding space will also increase overall quality of life. Specific, yet entwined themes have been proposed at various scales in order to achieve the overarching intent of increased social mobility among residents and visitors alike.
1 MENDING THE GAP
ADDRESS HOUSING CRISIS
PROMOTE CULTURAL IDENTITY
2 GREEN MOBILITY
3 SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP
FRESH LOCAL IDEAS
BUSINESS SUPPORT SYSTEM
innovation & technology
health & wellness
safety & security
World City Populations 1950 - 2030 1950
Credit : D.A. Smith, CASA UoL
[exponential population growth]
VILA MARIANA CASA VERDE
[lapa, sÃ£o paulo]
BUTANTA POPULATION DENSITY 20,000
[population density by sub-prefecture]
RAIL SYSTEM LINE 1 LINE 2 LINE 3 LINE 4 BUS SYSTEM BUS STOP LOW INCOME
EXPANSION LINE 1 EXPANSION LINE 2
City population [millions]
Metropolitan population [millions]
Projected growth 2010-2025 [people per hr.]
GDP per capita [USD]
Life expectancy [years]
Metropolitan Health Index
Life expectancy [years]
Income equality [Gini Index]
Murder rate [murders per 100,000 inhabitants]
% of daily trips made by walking or cycling
Rail network system length [km]
Car ownership [per 1,000 inhabitants]
Daily water consumption [liters per capita]
Annual electricity use [kWh per capita]
Annual CO2 admissions [kg per capita]
[residential concept] Inadequate housing environments and lack of affordable housing has made it challenging for the underprivileged to gain the same opportunities. Proposed housing on our site will provide 1,500 social housing units in hopes to integrate them into a budding, modern, community-driven city. Also, our buildings are designed with safety in mind; multiple lobbies, wide corridors, visible sight lines, and are setback from the street. The urban agriculture locale will help promote healthy eating, family time, and provide food.
MAXIMIZING GREEN SURFACE
REDEFINING OUTDOOR SPACE
FRAMING THE VIEW
[jaguare | 42,480]
[ceagesp site | 14,300]
[lapa | 60,000]
[3,300 units | 1,500 social housing units]
[favelas | sÃ£o paulo]
[urban farming production]
[cincinnati wasteland] Lower Price Hill | Cincinnati, Ohio | Third Year
This studio project focused on an urban housing scheme that explores the potential for site, program type, historic precedent, nature, organizational ideas, ordering principles, circulation, material studies, event structures, and systems integration in an effort to inspire fresh combinations and well reasoned frameworks for the design of domestic space. Cincinnati contains some of the finest examples of single family housing in the country. Seemingly, every street in the Queen City contains a magnificient example. Cincinnati has also developed an extensive number of multi-family apartment buildings. Numerous experiements have taken place over the last century throughout the world that question the validity of traditional housing types. Each experiment raised important questions about the nature of urban dwellings and the power of housing-based interventions to effect social and/or economic change. As interest in the housing of growing populations intensifies in the 21st century, architects must continue to re-think contemporary practices and offer imaginative possibilities and inventive programmatic combinations that address both the lifestyle and activities of a densely urban, multi-cultural, and economically diverse population.
Lower Price Hill Former location of Queen City Barrel Co. Vacant site due to massive chemical fire
[cybernetic framework] University of Cincinnati| Cincinnati, Ohio | Third Year
Innovative Minds 2017 is an exploration of the relationship between the virtual world blending with physical architecture. The virtual world – built on the framework of vast data networks – is becoming increasingly referential to the nervous system. Architecture strives to tangibly enhance humanity’s wellbeing through the design of complex systems. As cybernetics increasingly interconnects the virtual and physical worlds, how will this relationship influence architecture and its physical context to solve complicated problems? As humans continue to design the virtual and physical worlds, how can cybernetics bridge these domains? Inherent challenges are evident in every site associated with physical architecture. We used these site-specific characteristics to investigate a cybernetic framework that will expand architectural strategies such as environmental contextualism, user interaction, building function, and/or construction techniques. The framework will present a new way of interacting with the built world.
[click and mortar | shopping of the future] In todayâ€™s increasingly complex and competitive environment, companies need to develop ideas that break through the clutter of messages in the mass media and the confusing array of products at the point of purchase. Unfortunately, the more innovative the conceptâ€”whether it is a new product, package, price, promotion, or distribution planâ€”the greater the risk. However, technological advances in virtual reality offer new hope, opening opportunities in marketing research and beyond. Mixed reality offers a platform for stores to create a social, interactive, and technologically enhanced shopping experience for conumers that extend beyond a purchase. With all of these new advancements in technology, why have supermarkets remained the same? With a trend of rapid growth in recent years, e-commerce is shifting the balance of the grocery industry. Consumer preferences are becoming more driven on convenience opposed to experience. However, In the age of the internet, brick and mortar supermarkets offer a boon to communities as both a social gathering place and as a potential source of revenue for local vendors and entrepeneurs. Unlike the overwhelming and umlimited options of e-commerce, supermarkets can be particular and customized to the needs of a given community and offer the added benefit of immediacy in the receipt of product purchases. Furthermore, the integration of mixed reality technology allows consumers to become immersed within the shopping experience, while mainiting the ease of access to products offered by e-commerce.
[virtual reality] Full immersion; No awarenss of surroundings
[augmented reality] Very little immersion; Awarenss of surroundings
[mixed reality] Full immersion; Awarenss of surroundings
Using AI/MR to personalize the customer experience [tailor pricing and promotions in real-time]
[provide relevant search results]
[personalize content across all channels]
[curate most popular consumer products]
Reasons for choosing in-store experience versus online shopping experience 18 - 24
45 - 54
25 - 34
55 - 64
35 - 44
[enable visual search based on images]
[anticipate questions that customers will ask]
[use for recognition for search, discovery, and ordering] [see, touch, and try out items]
[take home items immediately]
[return items more easily]
[enjoy in-store experiences]
[pose questions to associates]
UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNA
[39.1329° N, 84.5150° W | 235 calhoun st
treet @ U-Square]
The site that I have chosen for this module is 235 Calhoun Street at the intersection of S. Market Street, centralized within the U Square @ the Loop development. The space is three levels, allotting roughly 6,000 square feet per level. The supermarket ideal model suggests that the gross square footage should be within the range of 45,000 - 50,000. However, with virtual and augmented components, a typical market space has the ability to be slightly compressed. Utilizing mixed technology will reduce space required to display and store physical products. Holding a centralized location within the development presents a unique opportunity to attract a more diverse consumer base.
CURRENT SELECTION APPLE
retail ecommerce sales growth worldwide
Brick-and-mortar vs. ecommerce share of retail 
interactive screen wall
[house of qigong] Northside | Cincinnati, Ohio | Second Year
Using paper folding techniques and tectonic studies as precedents, the House of Qigong was designed as a space for practice and meditation in the Northside area. The design was influenced by that of traditional chinese architecture, as well as tectonic precedent studies. Programmatically, the project required a courtyard, main hall, practice space, living quarter, and a garden.
[tectonics and architecture]
Qigong is self-initiated health and wellness practice consisting of a combination of movement, self-massage, meditation, and breathing. Mindfulness, a key component of meditation, produces a heightened awareness of stimuli which originates inside the body and of the bodyâ€™s alignment, position in space, and movement. Qigong practices puts the body into the relaxation and regeneration state where the autonomic nervous sysyem is predominantly in the parasympathetic mode. Slow, deep, diaphragmatic breathing combined with movement and mindfulness strengthens the efficiency of the immune and lymphatic systems by facilitating efficient and balanced movement of the body fluids.
[mettler toledo] Pasco County, Florida | Gresham, Smith & Partners
Mettler Toledo, an international supplier of precision scales and instruments for laboratory, food retailing and other industrial uses, relocated its operations to 220,000-square-foot manufacturing plant and corporate office facility in Pasco County, Florida that I provided support on during my internship with Gresham, Smith and Partners.
[robinson residence hall] Pennsylvania State University | University Park, Pennsylvania | EYP
Robinson Residence Hall is a new addition to the student housing block at The Pennsylvania State University. Students majoring in Visual Arts, Architecture and Landscape Architecture, and Agricultural Engineering will now have the option of living-learning housing adjacent to their academic departments. Each residential floor features double rooms and private bathroom areas aggregagted within the core of the building with lounges and two small study nooks stacked above the main entry.
[arbor row] Tysons, Vriginia | WDG
The Arbor Row master plan proposes a mixed-use, transit-oriented development comprised of eight new buildings on a 19.4 acre site. The site includes office, residential and hotel high-rise buildings, with extensive greenspaces. A planned 3-acre urban park will sit atop structured parking with a series of interconnected open spaces to promote multiple modes of pedestrian connectivity to and from the Metro Station. A series of green arbor trellis structures over the urban park and open parking decks create a seamless visual connection to the surrounding parks and trail system. A large civic plaza flanked by a pair of office buildings with ground floor retail provides active and efficient pedestrian circulation. The significant grade transitions between the site and the adjacent parcels will be achieved through the use of a grand staircase creating a permeable and accessible site.
[terrapin row] University of Maryland | College Park, Maryland | Forrest Perkins
Terrapin Row, scheduled to open in summer of 2016, will be a transformational mixed-use student housing project abutting the University of Maryland’s historic South Campus. The project’s site, known as the Knox Box apartments, is a complex of 25 two-story duplex structures. This three parcel, multi-phased project will come in the form of two 6-story apartment buildings, one 5-story apartment building and three 4-story townhouse-like structures. The project ‘s seven buildings will be organized around a pedestrian oriented, bike friendly Village Green. The Village Green will be activated by retail, wide sidewalks, a one-way vehicular road and a grand stair/amphitheater. Atop the stair, a narrow pedestrian plaza directs students from the Village Green toward the University’s academic core.