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SUBURBAN INTERVENTION

THE FUTURE OF AMERICAN SUBURBS


As America rides the descending wave of oil through the second half of the century, I foresee a future suburban environment riddled with pockets of decay. Suburban neighborhoods once seen as investments for some, and homes for others, will begin to be moved out of as people naturally seek places to live closer to the economies that support their lives. This new wave of emigration back into the cities will leave suburban neighborhoods to rot as there will be no seen value in the buildings due to the cheap materials that were involved in the construction of them.

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The reduction of available oil resources, the current corporate economic model, and the movement to the city will all work together at different levels leaving the suburbs in need of a

new existence and a new identity.


Is thi s t h e f utur e of A m e r ic a ’ s g r e a t s u b u r ba n neighb o rho o ds?

Dystopic Photography

Detrioit Suburb


SUBURBAN INTENTION 1920s - 1940s

SUBURBAN EXPANSION 1950s - 1980s

SUBURBAN MANIFESTATION 1990s - 2010s


If we continue to develop our suburban environments the way we have been throughout the latter half of the 20th century we will find ourselves living within

isolated pockets of inadequate living conditions .


SUBURBAN INTERVENTION

Railway Connector

Neighborhood

Mixed Use

Automobile Connector

Walk/Bike Connector


SUBURBAN EXPANSION 1950s - 1980s

SUBURBAN MANIFESTATION 1990s - 2010s

SUBURBAN INTERVENTION

URBAN CONTEXT

SUBURBAN CONTEXT

SUBURBAN INTENTION 1920s - 1940s


Richmond Hill, Georgia

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4000


History of Richmond Hill, Georgia

INTERSTATE 95 . 1980s .

Completion of the Eisenhower’s Interstate program allows for suburban development to sprawl. People who could afford to leave the inner-city of Savannah could do so because of automobile.

FORD DIES . 1947 .

Henry Ford dies, leaving behind his legacy. Surrounding area is renamed Richmond Hill after Ford’s winter plantation.

HENRY FORD . 1925 .

Ford purchases 85,000 acres of land and begins to invest into the area known for his winter vacation home. He helps build schools, churchs, and it was home to Savannah’s first Ford automobile showroom.

WAYS STATION . 1856 .

Savannah, Albany, and Gulf Railroad connects to Bryan Neck allowing for expansion of plantations and agricultural economy.

L.C. Gill

POPULATION

L.C. GILL - Richmond Hill holds its first city elections and becomes the first mayor in March of 1963.

Ford’s Richmond Hill

RICHMOND HILL - Richmond Hill, population estimated at 500, is incorporated into Georgia legislature.

INTERNATION PAPER COMPANY plantation is sold to the Internation Paper Co.

CAMP STEWART - Federal government condemned 105,000 acres of land to be the home of a new U.S. Army Training Base.

HILTON-DODGE LUMBER COMPANY - Hilton-Dodge Lumber Co. of Darien opens a sawmill and timber export center in Bellfast, nears Ways Station. Operations continued until 1916.

damage the tidewater Many plantations were

County seat relocated to Clyde.

HURRICANES - Powerful Hurrincanes of Georgia crippling the rice plantations. abandoned. COUNTY SEAT RELOCATED -

AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

1980’s

1951 1951

1951 1947 1941

1925

1901

1890’s 1886

1830

1861 - 1865

SAVANNAH-OGEECHEE CANAL - Completed canal allows for plantations to get rice and other goods to port in Savannah quickly.

1815

1856

COUNTY SEAT RELOCATED - Seat moved from the crossroads of Darien-Savannah Stage Rd. and Bryan Neck Rd. to the courthouse in Eden.

1793

Emancipated African-Americans began to purchase land throughout area helping to revive the Ogeechee River plantations. Amos Morel became the largest and most prominent freedman and landowner in the region.

BRYAN COUNTY - Was created for Revolutionary patriot Jonathan Bryan from land obtained by Chatham and Effington counties.

AMERICAN REVOLUTION

1750

Rice plantations of tidewater, Georgia grow and prosper leading to increased wealth of region.

LEGALIZATION OF SLAVERY - St. Philip Parish, now known as Bryan Neck, was quickly established to take advantage of the highly cultivable agricultural lands located around the Ogechee River.

1733

1775 - 1783

FORT ARGYLE - General James Edward Oglethorpe establishes fort to protect Savannah against southern attacks fromt the Spainairds in Florida.


DAILY LIFESTYLE ANALYSIS

1890

2010

DAILY LIVING MEASURED THROUGH FREQUENCY AND QUANTITY USED TIMES DISTANCE AWAY FROM RESIDENCE - Well - River - Reservoirs

- Gardens - Markets - Farms - Grown Local - Seasonal - Stocking

- Plantations - Lumber Industry - Self-Employment - Carpentry - School-Teacher

- Locally Funded - Walkable - Privileged

WATER FOOD WORK SCHOOL

- Church

WORSHIP/DEVOTION - Handmade - Cotton - Re-Usable

- Newspaper - Cards - Outdoors

- Walking - Horse/Mule - Bicycle

- Work - Walking - Farming

- Self-Financed - Community Constructed - No Mortgage

- Smiles - Excitement - Joy - Natural Health

CLOTHES ENTERTAINMENT TRANSPORTATION EXERCISE HOUSE HAPPINESS

- Outhouse - Dumping

WASTE - City/County

- Well - Water Treatment Facilities - In-home Filters - Bottled

- Groceries - Convienent Stores - Restaurants - Farmer’s Markets

- Gulfstream Aerospace - Downtown Savannah - Restaurants - Retail Stores - Self-Employment - City-Worker - “Mega-School” - Driving Distance - Carpool or Bus - State Funded

- Church - Sports - Work - Video Games - Television

- Manufactured - Cheap - Replaceable - Synthetic Fiber

- Movies - Television - Video Games - Internet

- Automobile - Bus - Bicycle

- Gym - Sports Team - Personal Training - Jogging - Walking - Biking

- Residential Developer - Mortgage - Construction Crew - Contractors - Inspectors - Architect - Smiles - Excitement - Joy - Natural Health

- Curbside Solid Waste - Curbside Recycling - City Sewer - Rainwater Runoff

- State/Federal

BANKING - Town Doctor/ Physician - Train/Carriage to Savannah - House Calls

HEALTHCARE

- Town Doctor/ Physician - Car/Ambulance to Savannah


TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE

AMENITIES + SERVICE LOCATIONS

RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS

INTERSTATE HIGHWAY FREIGHT RAIL MAJOR ROADWAYS

RECREATIONAL + OPEN SITES

NEIGHBORHOODS

AMENITIES + SERVICES

WALKING TIMES/DISTANCES

BIKING TIMES/DISTANCES

RECREATIONAL OPEN SITES

200

10 M

5M

IN

500

40

S

0

M

IN

25

S

T 5

NS

MI 20

MI

15

S

FT

IN

0

FT

S

0F

T

IN

M

IN

S

12

50

F T

NS

150 100

0F

M

1

15

00

FT

00

FT


RECREATIONAL GREENFIELD SITES INTERSTATE HIGHWAY

RAILWAY ACCESS

FREIGHT RAIL MAJOR ROADWAYS NEIGHBORHOODS

AMENITIES + SERVICES

WITHIN NEIGHBORHOOD CLUSTER

AVAILABLE GREENSITE


Program Proposal for Richmond Hill, Georgia STATION

SQ. FT.

TIME OF USE

PARK

SQ. FT.

TIME OF USE

Platform

9,000 Ext.

5:30am - 9:30am/ 3:30pm - 7;30pm

Cinema Space

6,000 Ext.

4:30pm - 9:30pm

Tickets/Info

2,000 Int.

5:00am - 8:00pm

Bike Paths

10 Ln. Mi.

Sunrise - Sunset

Retail

10,000+ Int.

8:00am - 8:00pm

Walk Paths

5 Ln. Mi.

Sunrise - Midnight

Dining

10,000+ Int.

5:00am - 11:00pm

Nature

---

Sunrise to Sunset

Living

20,000+ Int.

24 Hour

Water Features (Living Machine)

---

24 Hour

Restrooms

3,000+ Int.

Dependent

Wind Spires

20 kWh~

24 Hour

Theater

6,000+ Int.

3:00pm - 12:00am

Solar Panels

10,000+/100 kWh~

Sunrise to Sunset

Farmer’s Market

1,000+ Int. 3,000+ Ext.

10:00am - 8:00pm

Car Parking

1000+ spaces

24 Hour

TOTAL

64,000 ~

TOTAL

6,000 +

Theater

Solar Panels

Retail

Walk Paths

Farmer’s Market

Bike Paths Parking

MEP/ Restrooms

Wind Spires

Tickets/Info Cinema Space Living Platform Nature Dining


Spatial Layout 1 for Proposed Program

Mixed-Use: - First Floor Retail + Dining - Second Floor Residential + Office

Platform

Tickets/Info

Interior Theater - 2 Screens/1 I-Max

Exterior Cimema Space

Existing Parking


Spatial Layout 2 for Proposed Program

Mixed-Use: - First Floor Retail + Dining - Second Floor Residential + Office Tickets/Info

Farmer’s Market

Platform

Interior Theater - 2 Screens/1 I-Max

Exterior Cinema Space

Existing Parking


NATURAL . ECONOMIC . CONNECTED Transportation . Transit . Commute . Ecology . Pathway Affordable . Optional . Seasonal . Different Awakening . Embodiment . Personal . Sociable


SENSE OF PLACE . DESTINATION . COMMERCE Station . Terminal . Node . Landmark Recreation . Exercise . Health . Energy Shopping . Industry . Market . Business Liesure . Residence . Accommodation Pleasure . Distraction . Attraction . Festivity . Refreshment Relaxation . Recline . Impression


CULTURE . COMMUNITY . SOCIABILITY Identity . Integrity . Character . Distinct . Association . Public Entertainment . Amusement . Enjoyment . Experience . Cuisine . Nourishment . Nutriment . Integration . Art . Craft . Technique . Proficiency Amenity . Convenience . Enrichment . Merit .


Thesis Defense 1