Design Portfolio

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Design Portfolio Matthew Alebon

MA Landscape Architecture; Birmingham City University

1


Introduction My post graduate academic experience has primarily been an opportunity to transition from a career in Graphic Design to Landscape Architecture. As I have been exposed to digital rendering though a number of professional projects, I used my time at university as an opportunity to develop my hard-rendering skills and work towards defining my own personal style.

2 | Matthew Alebon | Design Portfolio


Fairbourne Emergency Preparedness Centre

Rewilding Birmingham

Design Thesis | Year 3

Synthesis to Detail | Year 2

Overview

Development Sections

Overview

Climate Change Key Findings

1:500 Masterplan

Key Research and Opportunities

Landscape Typologies

Planting Strategy

Green Infrastructure Strategy

Design Concept

Activity Walkway Design

Eco Park Masterplan

Spatial Analysis and Zoning

1:200 Masterplan

Detailed Design

Spatial Planning and Evolution

Lighting Strategy

Design Development

Detailed Design Elements

Swift Water Training Chute

Contents 3


Fairbourne Coastal/Rural

Brief: Investigate climate change through the redesign of Fairbourne – A vision for 2075. Project Overview: Fairbourne, a coastal settlement located on the west coast of Wales, will be subject to the impacts of climate change with particular pressure arising from increasing sea levels. This project aims to relocate the residents of Fairbourne allowing for the settlement and surrounding landscapes to be repurposed as a platform for training emergency responders. The overarching aim is to provide live scenario training opportunities as preparedness for severe weather events and natural disasters that will become more frequent nationally. Some of the key facilities that the site will offer include a controlled flooded town, swift water training chute, and climbing area.

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"The whole village will need to be decommissioned and returned to the sea" Hannah Neville, Fairbourne Resident

5 Image: Good, R (2019) Fairbourne Across Mawddach Estuary. Quote: Stuart-Leach, F (2020) Returned to the Sea [video] Fairbourne . Avaliable at https://www.bcu. ac.uk/library/services-and-support/referencing/harvard/audio-visual-multimedia [accessed 11.08.20]


Sketch from Coastal Path, looking north-west towards Fairbourne.

Snowdonia National Park (North)

Irish Sea

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Fairbourne

Salt Marshes

Barmouth

Mawddach Estuary


Climate Change Key Findings FLOODING (Based on 100 year predictions) Rising Sea Levels are and will continue to

Due the topographic context of the Mawddach

encroach into the Mawddach estuary, resulting

estuary which includes the surrounding hills

in the breaching of sea defences north of

of the Snowdonia National Park, increasing

Fairbourne during severe weather events.

rainfall will result in higher rates of surface run-

It is estimated that the new global mean sea level

off water. This will result in an increase to river

will be higher than the sea wall within the next

volumes and higher risks of flash flooding.

100 years .

COASTAL SQUEEZING ‘Coastal Squeezing’ is the result of increasing pressure at the interface between rising sea levels and hard flood defences, which restrict the natural realignment and migration of coastal ecosystems. This forces the ecosystem to shift outside the ideal position within the tidal frame causing their demise. At Fairbourne the ecosystems at risk include:

Salt Marshes

Intertidal Rocky Shores

COASTAL EROSION It is predicted that by 2075, the coastline at Friog will have eroded by 22m exposing the sea defences and allowing Fairbourne to be flooded from the south during severe weather events.

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Landscape Typologies One of my key observations during an early site visit was the diverse range of landscape typologies 2

surrounding Fairbourne. Identified as an opportunity to represent the wider

1

5

national park, these became the main driving force

6

of the project. They offer users the opportunity

4

to experience the characteristics of a much larger landscape within a tight-knit area. 3

N NOT TO SCALE

1

2

Salt Marshes

4

3

Beach

5

Blue Lake Quarry

Elevated Plateau

6

Settlement

Woodland

N NOT TO SCALE ORIGINAL SIZE: 1:100,000 @ A1

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Design Concept: The Centre for Training Emergency Responders Create a centre that can facilitate training, research and recreation by utilising the surrounding landscape typologies and effects of climate change, to provide natural and authentic experiences. Image 01: Emergency workers in Carlisle

The proposed concept seeks to better equip emergency responders whilst also hosting recreational users. The recreational facilites and amenities will act as the economic driver for the scheme and to fund the relocation of Fairbourne residents.

AUTHENTIC EXPERIENCES THROUGH VARYING LANDSCAPE TYPOLOGIES

EMERGENCY RESPONDERS

FAIRBOURNE

CONTINGENCY

RECREATIONAL PURSUITS

FUNDING Image 01: PA (2015) Emergency workers in Carlisle. Available at: https://www.itv.com/news/border/update/2015-12-09/more-heavyrain-due-for-flood-hit-communities/ [accessed 11.07.20].

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Spatial Analysis and Zoning

Spatial analysis of existing landscape tyoplogies surrounding Fairbourne.

Predicted effects (2075) on landscape typologies surrounding Fairbourne.

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Zoning map of key landscape and proposed features


Spatial Planning and Evolution To account for the dynamic nature and ongoing changes of climate change, the following drawings

Existing Spatial Plan.

outline the predicted evolution of Fairbourne. As part of the proposed scheme, it is anticipated that by

2020

2050, Fairbourne will no longer be habitable as the Mawddach Estuary floods. A key feature of the scheme is the benefits it will offer to the existing residents of Fairbourne. In return for the opportunity to use the existing settlement for training purposes, the residents of Fairbourne will be relocated. Concept Spatial Plan 2075 proposes a new development is created on elevated ground to the east. This site has been chosen as it will offer the same coastal characteristics of Fairbourne but with significantly less impact from climate change.

High Tide Extents Fairbourne Roads Coastal Path

Concept Spatial Plan.

Concept Spatial Plan.

2045

2075

Central Hub High Tide Extents Fairbourne Refuge/Accommodation Training Landscapes Roads Coastal Path

Central Hub High Tide Extents Fairbourne Refuge/Accommodation Training Landscapes Roads Coastal Path

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Design Development 2 7 2

6

4

8 2 1 2

Vehicular Access Informal Paths Rerouted Coastal Path (PRoW) Tunnel Views

• Potential location for building(s) based on accessibility and views • Open views over the estuary and surrounding hills. Top: Exploration of options to intgrate the proposed buildings into the existing quarry. Bottom: Early concept diagram showing how layering can blend the scheme in its surroundings.

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• To Froig/Fairbourne. Existing coastal path and potential vehicular route. • Towards Cadair Idris. Existing coastal path and potential vehicular route.

3 • To existing coastal path/public road. • Tunnel through to Blue Lake to be reopened with access to be controlled via building. • Existing quarry pit, to be used as a contained climbing facility. • Small waterfall. Existing stone wall could provide a potential crossing point.


Swift Water Training Chute An old funicular railway structure extends from the main quarry platform, sloping downwards towards Fairbourne. As part of the design solution, the slate structure will be reinstated so that it connects storm water from an attenuation basin in the quarry to a stream at the base of the hill. This will provide visual interest within the landscape and the flow of water will create a unique swift-water training facility. In addition to the training benefits, the chute will also be used to generate hydroelectric power for the buildings through vortex turbines (see image right) contributing to the self-sufficiency of the site.

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Design Development Sections

Climbing Zone

Existing Lake

Platform

The following sections were based on the 1:1250 sketch masterplan as shown below.

C

B

A

B'

C' A'

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Viewing

Viewing Platform

Planting Bed

Refuge/User Accommodation


Training Centre

Open Space

Storm Water Holding Basin

Open Space/ Planting Path Bed Viewing Area

Broadleaf Woodland

Path

Exposed Slopes

Coastal Edge Training Zone (Novice)

Open Space

Storm Water Holding Basin

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1:500 Masterplan Broadleaf Woodland

Redirected Coastal

Swift Water Training

Coniferous Woodland

Naturalistic Planting

Chute

Storm Water Attentuation Basin

2

1

3

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Inspired by the layering formation of the quarry, the proposal aims to create layered experiences as Training Building

1.

users travel through the site along the redirected

Climbing Zone

coastal path. The experiences include: • Broadleaf Woodland Habitat;

5

• Pine Woodland and Naturalistic Planting; • Central Hub and Learning Centre; • The Escarpment and Climbing Area; and • Exposed Platform with Open Views

2.

3.

4.

5.

4

N NOT TO SCALE ORIGINAL SIZE: 1:500 @ A1

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Planting Strategy The overall planting strategy has been designed to enhance the sense of rising through a typical mountainous environment. It transitions from the broadleaf woodland on lower ground to moorland covering much of the high ground to the south. Planting within the plateau mainly includes formal planting beds that run parallel to the escarpment.

Asperula odorata

Aster divaricatus

Aster ericoides

Lirope Muscari

Mukdenia Rossii

Tirella cordifolia

Caltha palustris

Hakonechloa macra

Koeleria macrantha

Modinia caerulaea

Carex elata ‘Aurea’

Pinus pinea

Pinus nigra

N NOT TO SCALE

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Activity Walkway The activity walkway is a Corten structure design to provide connectivity between training zones. Inspired by the training towers used by the fire service, the vertical face between the walkway and ground will be utilised to create training facilities and opportunities such as: • Climbing and abseiling walls • Confined spaces • Sloped platforms • Exposed edges • Window entries • Ladders and Ropes

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1:200 Masterplan

Filtration bed - reed planting to filtrate harvested water before

New swift water training structure

discharging into the storm water

and waterfalls to follow the old

retention and attenuation basin.

funicular railway.

Climbing zone - by utilising the area between the walkway and ground, the climbing zone is a constructed slate wall Elevated walkway - A corten and timber decking walkway that connects several of the training zones before rejoining the coastal path. Inspired by the training towers used by the Fire Service, the elevation between the ground and walkway will be utilised to provide a variety of training opportunities such as climbing and abseiling.

specifically designed to provide climbing and absailing opportunities. Central Lake - a large attenuation and retention basin designed to contain havested rainfall before discharging down the old funicular training shute and waterfalls. N NOT TO SCALE

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Lighting Strategy

Spot lighting within covered walkways to prevent dark enclosed spaces that

The lighting strategy has been designed to

could be considered unsafe. Spot

provide opportunities for night time movement

lighting will be sensor controlled to

and activities whilst ensuring light pollution is

avoid unnecessary light pollution.

kept to a minimum. Downward lighting to highlight pathways and building entry points.

Downward lighting to highlight pathways and building entry points.

Strip lighting will be used to highlight movement routes and potential hazards such as steps and low walls that could be a risk in low light.

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Detailed Design of Walkway

B

A

Detail A

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Detail B

The main climbing feature is a slate wall that includes irregular protruding pieces of slate which are to be used as climbing holds. To ensure the feature is sympathetic to the surrounding quarry, the wall is made using stone extracted from the site. By using the existing stone, the climbing wall should be seen as a transition from the built form to the wider natural surrounding by becoming more rugged and technically challenging. To provide extra support the wall will be broken up by corten steel pillars set at regular intervals.

Detail B

23


Birmingham Eco Park Urban

Brief: Interrogate and rethink the River Rea urban axis and immediate surroundings under the theme of Healthy Urban Landscapes. Project Overview: The Birmingham Eco Park is a rewilding project that aims to connect wildlife sites surrounding Birmingham with a ecological focused park at it's core. The phased connectivity between the central park and surround park will be achieved via green links creating a webbed green infrastructure stratgey allowing for the open movement of wildlife.

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Key Research and Opportunities The Birmingham eco park aims to create a healthy urban landscape in the following ways:

Green Space Distribution:

25.8%

Improving the air quality of Birmingham City Centre through urban greening.

UK Average

24.6% Birmingham

Repurpose disused buildings into educational and medical facilities

Create ecotherapy and social inclusion opportunities through community volunteering schemes.

Birmingham has more open space than the average city, however most open space is fragmented and tends to be located at the periphery of the city. This concept aims to create, connect and combine open space.

Provide wildlife and pedestrian connectivity and accessibility to the surrounding countryside.

25


Green Infrastructure Strategy The following plans show the phased implementation of the green infrastructure strategy. The green links string together a collection of brownfield sites creating open movement corridors for wildlife and pedestrians.

Phase 1: Birmingham Eco Park.

Phase 2: Connecting urban park via green links.

Phase 3: Connectiivity with nature reserves and country parks surrounding Birmingham.

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Birmingham Eco Park Masterplan The design of the proposed Eco Park uses a large proportion of Digbeth to create a central urban park similar to Hyde Park, London and Central Park, New York to provide opportunities for escapism within the city. Whilst a lot of the exising residents and businesses will be relocated and buildings demolished, a few as shown will be retained and repurposed as medical or educational facilies.

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20-30cm Queen' unei 'Silver Queen'

20-30cm 5L

5LBushy; 7 Breaks Bushy; 7 Breaks

'Variegatum' 40-60cm

10L 40-60cm

10L Bushy; 7 Breaks Bushy; 7 Breaks

ium 'Apollo' 40-60cm

5-7.5L 40-60cm

Bushy; 3 Breaks Bushy; 3 Breaks 5-7.5L

unei d 'n' 'Emerald Gold' 20-25cm 'n' Gold'

3L 20-25cm

Bushy; 7 Breaks 3LBushy; 7 Breaks

Name

Type

Name

Type Mix Percentage Mix Percentage

Euonymous Euonymous Fortunei 'Emerald Fortunei 'n' 'Emerald Gold' Shurb 'n' Gold'

Detailed Design

15% Shurb

15%

PolystichumPolystichum Munitum Munitum

Fern

Fern 35%

35%

PolystichumPolystichum Setiperum Setiperum

Fern

Fern 35%

35%

DETAIL B DETAIL B Elevated Walkway Elevated Structure Walkway Structure Scale: 1:10 Scale: 1:10

Divisilobum Divisilobum Group Group

HerbaceousHerbaceous Pulmonaria Pulmonaria 'Sissinghurst'Sissinghurst White' White' 15% 15%

Root Zone Root Zone Specification Specification

Planting Beds Planting (PBM1) Beds (PBM1)

Groundcover Mix (GMC). The planting mix has been designed to form a green blanket beneath theName steel mesh. Name

4

7.5L Full Pot

Full Pot

mas

7.5L

7.5L Full Pot

Full Pot

nitum break up flowing water to emphasize

3L

3LFull Pot

Full Pot

PhysocarpusPhysocarpus Opulifolius 'Darts Opulifolius Gold' 'DartsShurb Gold'

3L

3LFull Pot

Full Pot

Shrub Euonymous Euonymous Fortunei 'Silver Fortunei Queen' 'Silver Queen'

Type Mix Percentage Mix Percentage

4.500

Root Zone Root Zone Specification Specification

Section B 1:100

10%

Dactylorhiza Fuchsii

Wildflower

2%

Geum Rivale 'Leonard's Variety'

Wildflower

2%

Succisa Pretensis

Wildflower

5%

Sanguisorba Officinalis

Wildflower

2%

Agrostis Capillaris

Grass

10% 5%

Hordeum Secalinum

Grass

5%

Lotus Pedunculatus

Wildflower

1%

Section A

s

Lang and Fulton 1. Lang galvanized and Fulton steel galvanized mesh panels, steel 1000x1000x40mm. mesh panels, 1000x1000x40mm.

Fern

Fern 15%

Reclaimed brick from

15%

1:60 fall to account

DETAIL C DETAIL C Boardwalk Boardwalk (Plan) (Plan) Detail A Scale: 1:10Scale: 1:10 Painted steel and

Section B

DETAIL D DETAIL D Retaining Wall Wall Section C Retaining Scale: 1:10Scale: 1:10

wire baulustrade

1

1 3 4 2

3 4 2

0.650

1 4

0.650

3

4

Physocarpus Opulifolius Physocarpus 'Darts Gold' Opulifolius 'Darts Euonymous Gold' Fortunei Euonymous 'Silver Queen' Fortunei 'Silver Queen' Viburmun Tinus 'Variegatum' Viburmun Tinus 'Variegatum'

Wildflower

Wildflower

4%

Grass

5%

Centaurea Nigra

Wildflower

8%

Ranunculus Acris

Wildflower

2%

Alopecurus Pretensis

Grass

5%

Section C

(GCM1)

Hordeum Secalinum Hordeum Secalinum Type

Lotus Pedunculatus Lotus Pedunculatus Mix Percentage

3.000

Lang and Fulton 1. galvanized Lang and Fulton steel mesh galvanized panels,steel mesh panels, 1. 1000x1000x40mm. 1000x1000x40mm. 2. European Redwood, 2. European CCA treated Redwood, timberCCA joist. treated timber joist. Polystichum Setiperum Polystichum Setiperum Divisilobum Group Divisilobum Group dimensions: w:50 dimensions: x 100mm. w:50 x 100mm. 2. 3. English Oak, rough 3. English sawn timber, Oak, rough w:200 sawn x timber, w:200 x d:50mm. d:50mm. 4. 100mm Flat countersunk 4. 100mm 8-15x1 Flat countersunk screws. 8-15x1 screws. 3. 1.

1 3 7

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

5

Silaum Silaus

4. 5. 6. 7.

0.650

6

Succisa Pretensis

Silaum Silaus

3

3 For boardwalk build-up, please see detail A

7

8.

6

Reclaimed granite 1. Reclaimed cobbles where granite existing. cobbles Forwhere existing. For other areas: Natural other split, areas: pink Natural granite split, setts pink fromgranite setts from Granite Setts UK or Granite similar. Setts Dimensions UK or similar. Dimensions 100x100x100mm. 100x100x100mm. Hardscape violet 2. pearl Hardscape graniteviolet edging pearl blocks,with granite edging blocks,wit a flame cut finish.aDimmensions: flame cut finish. 300(L)x210(W) Dimmensions: 300(L)x210(W x100mm(D). x100mm(D). Reclaimed bricks 3. from Reclaimed existing bricks riverfrom structure. existing river structure. Wall to be laid in aWall cross to bond be laid formation in a cross with bond a formation with a 10mm Struck joint10mm profile.Struck M12(i) joint mortar profile. mix.M12(i) mortar mix. Base course. 4. SandBase compacted course. to Sand 30mm. compacted to 30mm. Sub-base. Type 5. 1 compacted Sub-base. Type to 150mm. 1 compacted to 150mm. Terram RG needle-pinched 6. Terram RGgeotextile needle-pinched sheet. geotextile sheet. Drainage course. 7. Aggregate Drainage course. Industries Aggregate Industries SuperFlow 63 aggregate. SuperFlow 63 aggregate. C20P Concrete 8. base C20P course. Concrete Castbase onsite course. with Cast onsite with inset for drainage inset channel. for drainage channel.

0.050 Officinalis Sanguisorba Sanguisorba Officinalis

English Oak, rough sawn timber, w:200 x d:50mm. European Redwood, CCA treated timber joist. dimensions: w:50 x 100mm. 50mm Steel Pipe. Stainless-steel M10 Coach Bolt. European Redwood, CCA treated timber bearing joist. dimensions: w:50 x 100mm. C20P Concrete base course. Aggregate sub-base.

DETAIL B

Section E

4

2

0

6.000 6

Polystichum Munitum Polystichum Munitum

2

0 3

7

5.000

DETAIL A Boardwalk Section D Scale: 1:10

1 2

For boardwalk build-up, please see detail A

Detail D

0.100

The mixture shall be planted at a sowing rate of 40kg per ha at 4g per m2. During the first year the meadow grassland shall be cut regularly to keep it at a height of approximately 40-60cm. All subsequent years the grass shall be maintained by grazing animals.

Achillea MillefoliumAchillea Millefolium Name

1.

0.100

Alnus Glutinosa

Section D

s

20%

0.040

Grass

28 | Matthew Alebon |Groundcover Design Portfolio

Shrub 20%

Bricks to be laid in a cross-bond formation to match the existing buildings

The Meadow mix has been design to accord to the National Vegetation Classification's description of flood-meadows: "Lowland meadows also include the now scarce flood-meadows of central England and eastern Wales, which rely on seasonal flooding in winter, and support tall, moisture guide Odoratum stbasic White'Anthoxanthum Anthoxanthum Odoratum Dactylorhiza Dactylorhiza Fuchsii Geum Rivale 'Leonard's GeumVariety' Rivale 'Leonard's Variety'Succisa Pretensis loving species..." JNCC,Fuchsii 2019.

planting refer to

20%

0.200

Anthoxanthum Odoratum

Cynosurus Cristatus Grass 31% er to be spread 000mm Ă˜ Filipendula Ulmaria Wildflower 2% Section C eed Euonymous growthFortunei andEuonymous Asplenium Scolopendrium Asplenium Scolopendrium Dryopteris 1% Filix-masDryopteris Filix-mas ollo' Fortunei 'Emerald 'n' 'n' Gold' 'Emerald Gold' Silene Flos-cuculi Wildflower

and topsoil egarded as of the healthy mmediately after urating the tree

Shrub 20%

0.040

Mix Percentage

Section B

10%

0.200

Type

Plantago Lanceolata

7

2 2 pooling current river structure. for 0.3m localized All planting mixes All planting . at . mixes shall be shallwith be planted planted with centres centres at 0.3m

Name

Silaum Silaus

5 6

0.900

3. L-beam for structural 3. L-beam beam for support structural and beam to prevent supportsteel and mesh to prevent slippage. steel mesh slippage. 4. L-beam for edging 4. L-beam and tofor prevent edgingsteel and mesh to prevent slippage. steel mesh slippage. 5. blocks,with 80mm steel5.pipe80mm with 120mm steel pipe cap.with 120mm cap. Hardscape violetHardscape pearl granite violet edging pearlblocks,with granite edging 6. 120mm rammed 6. 120mm pipe. rammed pipe. finish. a flame Dimmensions: cut finish. 300(L)x210(W) Dimmensions: 300(L)x210(W) Ferna flame cut Fern 25% 25% 7. Stainless-steel 7. M10 Stainless-steel Coach Bolt.M10 Coach Bolt.

Asplenium Scolopendrium Asplenium Scolopendrium 3.000

Dryopteris Filix-mas Dryopteris Filix-mas

Lowland Meadow Mix (LMM1)

kes 2m x 75mm Quercus Petraea Quercus Petraea Alnus Glutinosa Achillea Millefolium kfilled pit to

d to trunk to als. s or similar to

13.900

Full Pot

Section E

ing te

150-175cm; 3 Breaks

2LFull Pot

Shurb 10%

Visitor Centre

0.300

150-175cm; 3 Breaks

2L

5 6 4

0.900

Mahonia Aquifolium Mahonia'Apollo' Aquifolium 10% 10%split, 2. setts Steelfrom structural 2. I-beam. Steel structural I-beam. other areas:Shrub Natural other split, areas: pinkNatural granite settspink fromgranite Section C 'Apollo' Shrub

Detail B

Planting Mixes

3

1 2

12.100

Detail A 'Variegatum' Shrub Viburmun Tinus Viburmun 'Variegatum' Tinus

singhurst White' hite'

7

3

0.050

ater. They also provide a separate perum Divisilobum ilobum Group Group urage informal play.

Type

0.120

50

7.5L

1 2

0.100

Section A pendrium

1.100

Painted Steel and Wire Balustrade

0.120

0.150

the ecological enhancement areas coincide with the built form. The main welcome centre is hancement Park, Digbeth 'The Bond' a pre-industrial building currently used as offices.

0.150

Focusing on the main welcome centre for the ecological park, the following drawings show how

0.100

10L Bushy; 7 Breaks Bushy; 7 Breaks

50

40-60cm 10L

0.100

ulifolius ts Gold' 'Darts40-60cm Gold'

Plantago Lanceolata Plantago Lanceolata

DETAIL E DETAIL E Drainage Planting Drainage Planting Scale: 1:10Scale: 1:10

Drainage

Drainage

The SuD's for the The site SuD's has for been thebeen site has designed been been around designed around the site topography the site andtopography River Rea. Surface and River runoff Rea. Surface runoff water will flow between water willthe flow granite between edging the and granite edging and boardwalk into boardwalk drainage channels into drainage set into channels the set into the concrete base. concrete Regular insets base. along Regular boardwalk insets along will boardwalk will house planting house baskets planting with wetland baskets plants with wetland to break plants to break up the water flow upand the catch water debris. flow andFor catch maintenance debris. For maintenance


Sample Reading List (Accessed: 13 November 2019).

Reports/PDF’s •

Abram, N., Gattuso, J.-P. and Prakash, A. (2019) ‘Chapter 1 : Framing and Context of the Report’, IPCC SR

(Accessed: 13 November 2019).

Ocean and Cryosphere, pp. 1–72. •

Baroness Brown of Cambridge, Ece Ozdemiroglu, Jim Hall, Dame Anne Johnson, Rosalyn Schofield, S. G. W. (2017)

British Geological Survey (2019) Lexicon of Named Rock Units - Result Details.

Council, C. (2019) ‘St Austell Bay Resilient Regeneration (StARR) Project - Cornwall Council’. Cornwall Council, New County

Office for Nation Statistics (2011) Local Area Report for areas in England and Wales. Available at: https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/reports/localarea?compare=W37000426 (Accessed: 13 November 2019).

Hall, Truro, Cornwall, TR. •

Obama, B. (2017) ‘Chapter 4: Sea Level Rise and Implications for Low Lying Islands, Coasts and Communities Coordinating’, Science, 355(6321), pp. 126–129. doi: 10.1126/science.aam6284.

Available at: https://www.bgs.ac.uk/Lexicon/lexicon.cfm?pub=DLU (Accessed: 13 November 2019). •

Natural Resources Wales (2016) Dolgellau Flood Risk Management Scheme: GCSE Case Study The Problem and Task. Cardiff. Available at: www.rgs.org (Accessed: 13 November 2019).

Progress in preparing for climate change: 2017 report to Parliament. •

Natural Resources Wales (2015) Marine Character Areas 15. Available at: www.naturalresourceswales.gov.uk

Evans, R. (2017) Fairbourne Flood Defences Renewal, Fairbourne, Gwynedd Archaeological Building Recording and Watching

Panel, I. et al. (2019) ‘Framing and Context of the Report Polar Regions’, (August). Available at: www.ipcc.ch/report/srocc.

Brief Archaeological Building Recording and Watching Brief Fairbourne Flood Defences Renewal, Fairbourne,

Seascape Character Area 21: Dwyryd Estuary And Morfa Harlech (No Date).

Gwynedd Prepared for: Natural Resources Wales.

Strachan, R. (2011) FAIRBOURNE ECOLOGICAL SURVEYS 2011.

Gwynedd Archaeological Trust (no date) Historic Landscape Characterisation - Mawddach Historical Themes. Available at:

Thomas, H. V. (2016) Coastal Flood and Erosion Risk Management in Wales. Cardiff. Available at: www.audit.wales (Accessed: 13 November 2019).

http://www.heneb.co.uk/hlc/mawddachthemes.html (Accessed: 13 November 2019). •

Gwynedd Council (2007) Dolgellau/Barmouth Area Regeneration Plan contains 2007-2013.

Hawkes, P. J. (2013) ‘Sea level change’, Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series, pp. 895–900. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-4399-4_309.

Books

Magnan, A. K. et al. (2019) ‘Cross-Chapter Box 9: Integrative Cross-Chapter Box on Low-lying Islands and Coasts’, pp. 1–23.

Zimmermann, A (2015) Constructing Landscape: Materials, Techniques, Structural Components. 3rd edn. Germany: Birkhauser.

Available at: https://report.ipcc.ch/srocc/pdf/SROCC_FinalDraft_CCP_

Vernon, S. Tennant, R. Garmory, N (2013) Landscape Architect’s Pocket Book. 2rd edn. London: Routledge.

LowLyingIslandsCoasts.pdf.

Oudolf, P. Kingsbury, N (2013) Planting: A New Perspective. Oregon: Timber Press.

Matt McGrath (2019) ‘England floods: What is making them worse?’ Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-

Barcham (2019) Time for Trees. Cambridgeshire: Barchams PLC.

environment-50393617 (Accessed: 13 November 2019). • • •

Meredith, M. and Sommerkorn, M. (2019) ‘IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate: Chapter 3 :

Videos/Films

Polar Regions’. Available at: https://www.ipcc.ch/srocc/home/.

Met Office (2019) What is climate change? Available at: https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/weather/learn-about/climate-and-climatechange/climate-change/index (Accessed: 13 November 2019).

Websites

Michael Oppenheimer, B. G. (2017) ‘Chapter 4: Sea Level Rise and Implications for Low Lying Islands, Coasts and Communities

National Soil Resources Institute (2019) Soilscapes. Available at: http://www.landis.org.uk/soilscapes/ (Accessed: 13 November 2019).

Coordinating’, Science, 355(6321), pp. 126–129. doi: 10.1126/science.aam6284. •

Five Seasons [feature film] Directed by Thomas Piper. Argot Pictures. 76 mins

Natural Resources Wales (2013a) National Landscape Character Eryri-Disgrifiad cryno. Available at: www.naturalresources.wales

Turbulent (2018) The vortex turbine. Available at: https://www.turbulent.be/technology (Accessed: 23 April 2020).

(Accessed: 13 November 2019).

https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/reports/localarea?compare=W37000426 [accessed: 11.11.19]

Natural Resources Wales (2013b) NLCA05 Tremadoc Bay - description. Available at: www.naturalresources.wales

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Matthew Alebon Design Portfolio MA Landscape Architecture Birmingham City University matthew.alebon@mail.bcu.ac.uk linkedin.com/in/matthewalebon

30 | Matthew Alebon | Design Portfolio