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0.1

CONTENTS Burning Man 2017

SECTION 01 - RULED SURFACES

03

Helicoidal Definitoin Python Advancement Applications in Architecture Studio Intergration Jitter, Random,

04 05 06 07 08

Data Structure Islamic Pattern Phase 01 Islamic Pattern Phase 02 Islamic Pattern Phase 03

10 11 13 15

Understanding Trigonometric Applications Parametric Trigonometry Scripting (GH) Parametric Trigonometry Scripting (GH) Parametric Trigonometry Scripting (diagram)

18 19 20 21 22

Fundamental Understanding Office Application (GH) Office Application (Render)

24 25 26

Basic Processing Commands Processing Functions Processing Application Calculator Script Game

28 29 30 31 32

Trigonometry and Vectors Processing Trigonometry Processing 3D Processing Arrays

34 35 36 37

GHowl Components and functions Understanding Processing to Grasshopper Grasshopper to Processing

40 41 43

Key Definitions Nodes Scripting Nodes Process

45 46 47

SECTION 02 - DATA TREES

09

SECTION 03 - TRIGONOMETRY

17

SECTION 04 - VECTORS

23

SECTION 05 - SCRIPTING 01

27

SECTION 06 - SCRIPTING 02

33

SECTION 07 - GHOWL

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BURNING MAN 2017 Unit DS10 - Toby Burgess / Arthur Mau Manu FORWARD DS10 this year is focussing on using art as a means of creating a society by designing for the annual Burning Man festival. I will explore the history of the Festival in Black Rock City and endevour to understand the philosophy behind this global event. DS10 prides itself on giving students the opportunity to build there own projects in the real world. They value the connection between architectural reality and conceptual bravery. They are also a studio that encourages interaction with external practitioners and professionals to collaborate with. The brief for this term was broken down into two phases. The first is a deep exploration into the ideas of ‘symbols and systems’. I will choose a specific symbol and carry out extensive research into its meaning and origin. This symbol will then form the basis of my pavilion design proposal for the festival in August 2017. By developing the proposal futher I will seek to analyse my design understanding the budget and logistics. Having created a pavilion and understood the Burning Man festival I will look ahead towards next term, in which I will build on the knowedge gained so far inorder to develop a new temple design and master plan.

39

SECTION 08 - NODES

44

Burning Man 2017

01 Matthew Chamberlain

Burning Man 2017

02 Matthew Chamberlain


1.1

BURNING MAN FESTIVAL Background

INTRODUCTION

PARTICIPATION

Once year from around the world, tens of thousands of people gather in the Black

show. Burning Man is in fact, the complete opposite. The people who attend are

Rock Desert in Nevada to create ‘Black Rock City’. Dedicated to art, self expression

not there as “attendees,” but rather active participants in every sense of the word:

and community, this temporary metropolis is a creative festival generated by the

they in essence create the metropolis city, the interaction, the art, the performance

citizens.

and inevitably the“experience.”Participation is the heart and soul of Burning Man,

Burning Man 2017 will take place between August 27 and September 4, in

and there are many ways in which to do so. Even if you are not there to build your

1.0

which over 70,000 people will gather for a week of carnival and festival fun. After

own installation, you can volunteer to help build the main infrastructure and temple.

Chapter 1.0 - The Festival

behind it is for people to disregard assertions of belief and in turn concentrate on

A ruled surface is a surface that can be swept out by moving a line in space.

spending a week building hundreds of sculptures, temples, pavilions, and other artistic installations, citizens of the event will gather and interact will everything on show before commencing in the burning ritual of the main statue.

BURNING MAN 2017 THEME Each year the festival carriers with it a theme. This year’s theme is called ‘Radical Ritual’ and is an attempt to reinvent ritual in a post post-modern world. The idea the immediate experience of play. It is understood that beliefs contain, define, and limit notion of meaning. They can reduce truth to a rational commodity. But play on the other hand can free us to seek truths of which we have no proof or warrant. Such play, as we conceive it, breaks down the invisible wall that separates belief from make-believe. Whole-hearted and creative play induces self-surrender so that we may be able to experience ideas beyond the scope of reasoned thought.

It is not mandatory that anything at burning man has to embody the theme,

but I intend to use the theme as a design tool in order to channel the philosophy of my installation. People unknown to the event often assume that it’s a regular “festival” as they’ve come to know them, a passive experience where everything is planned, orchestrated and pre-packaged by the event producers, and attendees just come and enjoy the La Victoria

Burning Man 2017

04 Matthew Chamberlain


1.2

History of the Festival 1996 - 2017

HISTORY

FUNDING

It was in 1986 that the annual celebration of Burning Man’s fir ceremony began.

this is work that stands on its own as physical, sculptural installation, independent

Created by Larry Harvey and Jerry James the original event took place for four years

of performances or activities.

on San Francisco Baker Beach. Not until 1990, when police intervention stopped proceedings on the sand, that a transitional period took place. Burning Man took

They realise the requirements that making artwork for Burning Man is very difficult,

on a new location, new date, and adopted a new meaning for the celebration. The

due to the challenges inherent in creating anything in such a harsh wilderness

viewpoint sparks from events surrounding that year.

setting with highly unpredictable weather. All they ask is that you what you’re

getting into. Last year over 44 projects were funded by the organisers.

The festival moved to the Black Rock desert in Nevada. While the desert

is largely empty with very little on the playa, this emptiness and desolate flatness became a moment of awe-inspiring beauty. At the core of Burning Man is the large statue figure of a man that is burned at the end of proceedings. A spectacle of enormous magnitude that illuminates the entire area. It all originated from Larry Harvey’s original thought, “Let’s build a statue and burn it”

The first themed camp at Burning man arose in 1993, however, it was not

until 1996 that the organisers declared a central concept, known as‘hell’. From the 100 individuals who attended the festival in 1990 this has now grown to over 60,000 in 2016

But there is much than just the big burn of a figure now at Burning Man. There

are massive and Immersible art installations, dance parties, intricate costumes and just about anything else one can imagine. Over time that creative atmosphere has led to more and more exciting and ambitious projects. Any one is welcome to build there own sculptural piece in the desert while“crowd-funded”constructions provided by the organisers give everyone an opportunity to build and imagine.

Every year Burning Man Arts issues a small number of special grants for the purpose of partially funding specific art projects. For people who have the ideas but not the money this is a wonderful opportunity to display at the event. All they ask is that La Victrola

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1.3

SITE INTRODUCTION Black Rock City, Nevada, USA

BLACK ROCK DESERT

VILLAGE LIFE

The Black Rock Playa in north-western Nevada is one of the largest, flattest,

Within Black Rock City the community is devised around villages. It is the mission

surfaces on Earth. The entire expanse covers an incredible 200 square miles. The

of a village to provide a public home for citizens. The purpose of a village is not

Desert playa’s flatness is largely because the playa represents the former bed

just to be with friends or share domestic arrangements. This is where you work

of Lake Lahontan, an ancient lake that occupied many of the basins in north-

with your fellow villagers on a project that will connect you with hundreds of other

western Nevada approximately 15,000 years ago. Several large mountain ranges

participants. Like a theme camp or an artwork, a village is a special gift that you

and other areas of natural and cultural beauty surround the playa, together forming

contribute to the community. A village is self-expressive, a village helps others,

an expansive area now contained within the Black Rock Desert High Rock Canyon

and a village should be fun. By taking responsibility for a village you enter the

Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area. The playa is extremely dynamic with

ranks of the founders and organizers of the festival. Work hard, play very hard and

harsh ecological systems that are exposed to lengthy aridity and strong winds.

experience an immense satisfaction.

1.4

BLACK ROCK DESERT Site Plan Nevada, USA

Lat: 40.9 oN, LON: 119.1 OW

10:00

2:00

9:45

WALK-IN CAMPING AREA

2:15

BURNING MAN STATUE

9:30

2:30

9:15

2:45

9:00

3:00

OLD RAZORBACK MOUNTAIN

CAMP CENTRE 8:30

3:30

8:00

4:00

7:30

4:30

7:00

5:00 6:30

Black Rock Desert

Burning Man 2017

07 Matthew Chamberlain

GRANITE PEAK MOUNTAIN

1,500m

6:00

5:30

WALK-IN CAMPING AREA


DNA Discovered in 1869

BIBLICAL

‘There are as many atoms in a single molecule of your DNA as there are stars in the galaxy, We are, each of us, a little universe’ DNA stands are the genetic code that determines all the unique characteristics of every living thing. Simply put your DNA is what makes you, you! You inherited your

2.0 Chapter 2.0 - Symbolism Concept And Origin Choose a symbol and build a rich catalogue of extensive research, understanding the science, philosophy and artistic qualities that are associated.

DNA from your parents, known as‘hereditary material’(information that is passed on to the next generation). Nobody else in the world will have DNA the same as you, unless you have an identical twin. Deoxyribonucleic acid is the large molecule shaped like a double helix and a ladder that’s been twisted many times. In the early 1950’s two scientists, Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins, carried out intensive studies into DNA using x-rays. Franklin produced an x-ray photograph that enabled two other researchers, James Watson and Francis Crick to determine the 3D structure of DNA. The structure was found to be a double helix. In 1962 Crick and Watson, along with Wilkins all received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery. Rosalind Franklin had died four years earlier and her pivotal contribution was not fully acknowledged until much later. All living organisms acquire their uniqueness by there carefully defined strands of dna and yet by the very nature that we all possess dna we are in fact one and the same. Through this very fascinating cosmic balance derives my intensive interest into dna and how we might perceive it in the real world. My explorations began with extensive research into how dna has been interpreted over history and the relationships people have made to it. This knowledge will provide the basis for which to design critically.

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DNA Historical Reference

JACOBS LADDER

The story of Jacob’s Ladder is an ancient allegorical biblical tale, describing the alchemical process of reaching complete Gnosis. A symbolic ladder that we all must climb to reach the spiritual heights of the divine in the heavens while we are encased in physical matter here on earth. As we climb, we must purify ourselves, our thoughts and actions, so that we may reach that seventh and final step of our ascent, in order to activate all of our seven senses and DNA.

KUNDALINI

Kundalini in the Dharma religions, is a primal energy, or shakti, located at the base of the spine. Different spiritual traditions teach methods of“awakening”kundalini for the purpose of reaching spiritual enlightenment. Kundalini awakening is said to result in deep meditation, enlightenment and bliss. This awakening involves the Kundalini physically moving up the central channel to reach within the Sahasrara Chakra at the top of the head. Kundalini awakens ones dna and charges it.

KUNDALINI

Grasshopper’s graphical interface is designed to have data flow into and out of specific types of components. However, it is the data that define the information flowing in and out of the components. Understanding how to manipulate list data is critical to understanding the Grasshopper plug-in.Adignia ium sus ressus apicaepuda pa arumquia cusam, iducid esciliatum sunt, officae que dolore.

Burning Man 2017

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3.1

3.0 Chapter 3.0 - DNA - Symbol / System A ruled surface is a surface that can be swept out by moving a line in space.

The Geormetry of dna A Structural Revision

a

c

0.5 a 0.5 a

HD

PL

PD

b

Single prismatic pentagons to illustrate the 3-dimensional helix THE MATHEMATICS

THE SCIENCE

In mathematics there is only one polygonal formation

proposal locates the molecular pentagons that make up

that would create a double helix. Ten regular pentagons

a part of the purines on the outside of the paired bases.

orientated around a decagon. The diameter of the helix

However, it has been demonstrated that a more fluent

(HD) and the height of the helix extension (HE) have a

and natural geometry would require adjacent pentagons

direct and constant proportional ratio to the pentagon

at the heart of the base pairing. This spatial arrangement

length (PL) and pentagon diameter (PD).

of the hydrogen bonds enables the necessary adjacent

In order to establish the precise nature of this ratio we

second pentagon to become viable.

must devise some trigonometrical equations. The pairing of purines and pyrimidines in the Crick and Watson

C2

0 N1

Thymine (enol)

H H

C8

N7 Adenine

N9 C5

C4

C2

0 N1

H H

H

C8

N9

N7

Thymine (enol)

Burning Man 2017

C5

C4

Adenine

14 Matthew Chamberlain

Representative model of the DNA buildup and helix


3.2

3.3

The Geometry of Dna Mathematical Breakdown

ADOPTING KNOWLEDGE TO SCIENCE: It was now a case of understanding what could be found from my previous understanding. Constructed parametrically, it shows step by step the methodology behind the system. The final proposal form was a simplified expression.

Golden Ratio

Angle Rotation of 36 o

The Geometry of Dna A Structural Revision

PENTAGON EXPLORATION WITH CIRCLES

I began playing around wit the shape of the pentagon, integrating circles to obtain

find out how, given the polygon, I could have drawn the circles. By constructing a

a clear understanding of the geometry. Starting with the end state of a number of

square one circle-radius in width on several of the key points it generated a larger

packed circles I drew a polygon around them. I then trying to work backwards to

pentagon.

Angle Rotation of 72 o

GEOMETRY 01

Angle Rotation of 108 o

Angle Rotation of 144 o

Burning Man 2017

15 Matthew Chamberlain

GEOMETRY 02

Angle Rotation of 180 o

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3.4

The Geometry of Dna Symbol to System

STAR Symbolism and Cultural Reference

CONTEXT AND CULTURE

At the time of generating this pattern the American presidential election was taking place. Due to the fact that Burning Man is in the state of Nevada I felt that this powerful and momentous moment should have some significance on my design thought. It was unknown to me at first but as the pattern on the left hand page developed I began by generating a basic pentagon. The process will be to use the geometric understanding I gained from my previous investigations.

Step 1 involved duplicating the pentagon to establish a paring of molecular characteristics. This adopts the same for as the DNA base paring.

The number 5 is important as it defines the shape itself. Therefore I positioned 5 parings around a central pentagon

In order to constantly maintain order and understanding I would wrap my developing pattern in a pentagon. I would then be able to understand the positive and negative space.

I realised I was producing stars in the negative space around the pentagons. Through a surprising vein of fortune at the point I stopped expanding the shape, I had constructed a pattern that contained exactly 50 stars, the same number that appears on the American flag. I felt this to be highly significant. Therefore, I chose to use the star shape in the continued development of the design. My symbol of DNA characterises every individual but at the same time represents a unifying bond and connection between all living this. The star was almost a symbol for the dna of America, and in a time where opinions and ideas were divided across the country, this seemed an appropriate and strong philosophical move towards

At this point I took principles of step 1 and 2 from my ‘Pentagon Understanding’ time-line and split the pentagon pairings.

Adopting a slicing method from steps 2 and 3 of the ‘Pentagon Understanding’ I realised that I had in-fact generated another shape within my own.

The pattern below clearly defines what I perceived as the positive space. Represented by the DNA pairings

In contrast to the previous step, the negative space had generated 5 proportionally accurate stars. This was significant to the patterns development so I would develop both shapes.

A series of diamonds had now become the negative space and proved key to positioning the next shapes

Adopting the same strategy I positioned 5 new pentagons around the central cluster of shapes

As the pattern developed a clear order and solution was evolving.

The final pattern generated contains 40 DNA pairings and 50 Stars. This became the plan for my initial proposed design. I de-constructed the pattern, breaking it up into a series of fractal pieces.

Burning Man 2017

17 Matthew Chamberlain

the Architecture and meaning of the installation. This same ideology of unity and togetherness is essentially the catalyst behind the success of Burning Man.

Burning Man 2017

18 Matthew Chamberlain


3.5

Burning Man Masterplan Symbol Intergration

COSMIC RELEVENCE - VENUS TRANSIT

LEAVE-NO-TRACE

Whilst the pentagon and star is a familia symbol colalition it has a very powerful

The pentagon line around the site of burning man is actualy known as the trash

cosmic relationship. Every 121.5 years we experience a Venus Transit. At this point

fence. Larry Beed was so impressed when he realised Burning Man’s leave-no-

we see Venus passing directly in front of the sun. Venus appears as a small dot

trace-ethic but realised there was aproblem. Due to the large scale winds created

crossing the face of the Sun. A passage (technically called a transit) can only occur

on the playa, lightweight trash kept escaping into the desert. Therefore, Larry

with the inner planets--Mercury and Venus--because they are the only two that can

proposed a trash fence that stretched a mile around the site. Built from bamboo

lie between the Earth and Sun during their orbits. There are five synodic cycles

poles and plastic netting, the fence was a huge sucess plucking everything out of

between two transits. One of these cycles will take place in 2017.

the sky.

Earth Venus

Earth

Earth Venus

Venus Sun

Venus

Venus

Earth

Earth

Venus transit that occur every 8 yeras with 5 cycles in between

Applying the pattern I have arrived too over the site of burning man

Burning Man 2017

19 Matthew Chamberlain


WAVES Principles and Properties

INTRODUCTION

Waves are all around us in everyday life. Light waves are very special because they are constructed from photons that enable us to see. Sound is also a type of wave that moves through matter and then vibrates our eardrums allowing us to hear.

4.0 Chapter 4.0 - Symbol to System Phase 01 (Waves) A ruled surface is a surface that can be swept out by moving a line in space.

Waves are disturbances that propagate energy through a medium. They transfer energy, momentum and information but not mass and can generally be classified as either Mechanical of Electromagnetic waves. Sound is an example of a mechanical wave in which the wave is an oscillation of matter and requires a medium. Contrary to this, electromagnetic waves do not require a medium and are created by the vibration of an electric charge. This means electromagnetic waves can move through a vacuum. Waves can also be described by their amplitude, wavelength and frequency are categorised by there orientation. There are three main specific types of waves: Longitudinal: Movement of particles parallel to the motion of the energy. Transverse: Movement of particles perpendicular to the motion of the energy. Surface: Movement of particles traveling in a circular motion

Many waves cannot be seen such as microwaves and radio waves. The understanding of waves and their principles and behaviour, is an ongoing scientific study that helps us to understand the physical world around us. My interest in waves is related to there kinetic behaviour. Kinetics is a scientific and artistic tool that I intend to use as a representational tool for my dna inspired installation.

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4.1

4.2

Wave Anatomy Principles

ANGLE TRANSORMATIONS

M ov e m e n t

M ov e m e n t

Wave Anatomy Principles

M ov e m e n t

NODES

Node

Node

+

+

Ψ (x)

Motion

Particles of the medium move perpendicular to the wave’s direction of travel.

LONGITUDINAL WAVE

SURFACE WAVE

Particles of the medium move parallel to the wave’s direction of travel.

Anti-Node

Mechanical wave that propagates along the interface between differing media.

When two waves meet in such a way that their crests line up together.

Amplitude

Tr o u g h

Amplitude is the distance from the rest position to the crest position which is half the vertical distance from a trough to a crest.

+

1

Second

x

0

Fi r s t

-

λ T

FREEQUENCY The frequency, f, of a wave is the number of waves passing a point in a certain time. Normally use a time of one second.

Burning Man 2017

x

Anti-Node

Anti-Node

λ

T

AMPLITUDE

Third

Node

Anti-Node

T

2

CONSTRUCTIVE WAVE INTERFERENCE

Ψ (x)

Crest

x

Anti-Node

TRANSVERSE WAVE

HARMONIC

23 Matthew Chamberlain

Ψ (x)

λ WAVELENGTH The length of one complete wave cycle.

+

DECONSTRUCTIVE WAVE INTERFERENCE Anti-Node

Interference that occurs at any location along the medium where the two interfering waves have a displacement in the opposite direction.

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4.3

Precedent Daniel Palacios - ‘Waves’

INTERVIEW WITH DANIEL PALACIOS

CONSTRUCTION

The “Waves” installation created by Spanish artist Daniel Palacios is based on simple

It’s made with two industrial engines which make the rotors spin, which a rope is tied

scientific principles of sound, kinetic energy, the understanding of how we perceive

to. The type of rope used is very important. The system used to hold it onto the rotors,

through our senses, and the application of movement sensors technology. The follwing

as well as the logic in the principles that control the software, establish the relationship

is an interview with Daniel Palacios about his instalation waves.

between the public and the installation’s function. A micro controller picks up the movements of the public through infrared sensors integrated at the base of the piece

INTERACTION

and uses that information to change the frequency of the spin in the engines, which

“Waves” is made to react to the movement of the people in the room. Their movement

alters the sound and waveforms presented.All this technology is hidden within the

changes the settings of the spin, changing in an instant the sound and the waveform

piece, so that it does not distract the public’s attention. They focus on the phenomena

created by the rope. This way, when one enters the room all you see is a white line

created and not analyzing the technology.

floating in the air. As you approach, it begins to make symmetrical waves and you can perceive a continuous hum. The truth is that you are listening to and watching a harmonic note. The installation creates an average to calculate the number of people and their movements around it. It goes through different harmonic states, multiplying the amount of waves relative to the number of people in the room (which increases the intensity of the sound). At the same time, as the movement in the room increases around the piece, it will override the stability of the harmonic notes, creating a different and irregular spin depending on the accumulated inertia on the rope. This creates louder sounds and unstable visual wave forms that bring you out of the initial hypnotic state and instill a feeling of danger. ART, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY In my perception, historically art has been a channel for representation, be it religious, theoretical or something other. Its link with science and technology is that science provides the empirical knowledge with which one can experiment and technology the tools one can use to put some concepts into practice. If we apply these arguments to perceptual systems, which are what I work with, science gives me a practical knowledge base to understand how we perceive things and how our senses work. Technology becomes an essential tool to apply this knowledge, altering or amplifying our perceptions, in essence playing with our senses.knowledge, altering or amplifying our perceptions, in essence playing with our senses. Waves

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25 Matthew Chamberlain


4.4

4.5

Wave Principles Experiment

OBJECTIVE

It was critical for me to understand the behaviour of waves and how they vary under difference conditions. The experiment consisted of setting up a stationary wave and analysing its properties as I alter three variables. These variables included the

Standing Wave Physical Testing

speed of the motor, the leaner distance from each end and the tension in the string. From these results I was able to plot a series of graphs and begin to understand how waves behave. My intention was to eventually use this knowledge and translate this knowledge to my pavilion design so that individuals using the installation could interact and control the waves themselves.

SET-UP

1.

I connected a 3V Battery to a dc motor and secured this to a piece

of wood.

2.

I attatched a bottle cap to the end of the motor to act as the

spinner and connected the string to it.

3.

On the opposite side is a larger piece of wood with a small hole

cut out. I threaded the string through and secured it, making sure

that it could spin freely.

4.

I would then either alter the length of the string or move the

motor towards the opposite side, maintaining the motor speed a

fixed variable. I intend to later carry out an experiment to

alter the voltage supplied to the motor resulting in a change in

rmp using an arduino. AMPLITUDE Amplitude is the distance from the rest position to the crest position which is half the vertical distance from a trough to a crest.

Burning Man 2017

27 Matthew Chamberlain

Burning Man 2017

28 Matthew Chamberlain


4.3

4.4

Wave Digitalisation Parametric Simulation

WAVES

Grasshopper’s graphical interface is designed to have data flow into and out of specific types of components. However, it is the data that define the information flowing in and out of the components. Understanding

Wave Digitalisation Parametric Simulation LINE

STANDING WAVE

STANDING WAVE

This defines the length of the line that I start with so

The standing wave differs from the previous example as it only features

This converts my radians into degrees

essentially the string length. The factor determines how large

one motor. On the other end the string is fixed. This is now the same

the starting spin is.

effect that I am trying to create in my studio project so I can begin to establish more accurate results.

how to manipulate list data is critical to understanding the Grasshopper plug-in.Adignia ium sus ressus apicaepuda pa arumquia cusam, iducid esciliatum sunt, officae que dolore, sequam quatur aut laboreste quidi

ANTIN

ODE KANGA

ROO

Th e re su lti co nj un

ng cu rv e is di vi de d in to wi th th 40 po in ts in e or ig in al lin e

ct io n

NODE

ANTIN

ODE

Single

NODE

ANTIN

prism atic pe nt the 3dimen agons to illus sional trate helix

ODE

RPM CALCULATION

RMP COUNTER

Here I have set out the parameters to correctly input the rpm.

I have attached a panel to the reset counter that gives me

However, the functions do not run completely smoothly as

the rpm result.

Grasshopper cannot process the

Burning Man 2017

31 Matthew Chamberlain

Burning Man 2017

32 Matthew Chamberlain


5.0 Chapter 5.0 - Symbol to System Phase 02 (Lighting) Burning Man place huge enphasis towards how a proposed design encorporates lighting. The follwing chapter outlines the effect I hope to obtain and the strategies I am working with.


Precedent Paul Freidlander

ARTIST VISIT

Paul Fr i e dlander is a B r it ish ar t ist w h o c reate s b eaut i f ully m e sm o r ising k inet ic ar t sc ulpture s. H is wo r k is dire c t ly re late d to my intere st s fo r my pav ili o n de si gn and s o i went to v isit him in Lo ndo n. H e b e c ame fasc inate d by ar t invo lv ing t he use of m ovem ent and li ght in t he late 19 6 0 s. H e was m o st inspire d by t he wo r ks of t he cy b er net ic ar t ist s N ic h o las S c h öf fer (1912) and Wen -Y ing Ts ai (19 28). S inc e t hen he has b e en st r o ngly dr iven to make k inet i c wo r ks. In 19 8 3 he made an imp o r t ant disc over y of t he c haot i c p r o p er t i e s of spinning st r ing and disc overe d c hr o mast r o bic li ght , ‘ li ght t hat c hang e s c o l o r faster t han t he human eye c an se e’.

T he c hr o mast r o bic li ght ing system it se lf was c usto m built by Fr i e dlander as t here were n o ot her li ght s ourc e s t hat c oul d p r o duc e t his ef fe c t . In re c ent year s he deve l o p e d ways of m o di f y ing st andar d LED li ght s. M any of his wo r ks make use of p er sistenc e of v isi o n, a p r o p er t y of how li ght is p erc eive d c o mbine d w it h m ovem ent to c reate a t hre e dimensi o nal k inet ic b o dy of li ght in sc ulptur al fo r m. Fr i e dlander app li e s his sc i ent i f ic k now le dg e to his ar t and is heav ily inf luenc e d by Chao s t he o r y, S t r ing T he o r y and c o sm o l o gy. W hen v isit ing Paul at his wo r ksho p, he de o mst ar te d t he ef fe c t s o n a small sc al e. T he m o st fasc inat ing element was t he c o mbinat i o n of t he li ght ing disp lay and t he s ound of t he st r ing spinning. T hey inter t w ine d to c reate a me sm o r ising sensual dispaly. I was intending to emp l oy a ver y similar ar t ist and sc i ent i f ic approac h to p o r t r ay dna as a physic al 3 - dim ensi o nal fo r m.

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5.3

SITE INTRODUCTION Black Rock City, Nevada, USA

Grasshopper’s graphical interface is designed to have data flow into and out of specific types of components. However, it is the data that define the information flowing in and out of the components. Understanding how to manipulate list data is critical to understanding the Grasshopper plug-in.Adignia ium sus ressus apicaepuda pa arumquia cusam, iducid esciliatum sunt, officae que dolore, sequam quatur aut laboreste quidi dolum harupta testiusandi as as mo ideliquia qui ab il

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5.3

History of the Festival 1996 - 2017

Grasshopper’s graphical interface is designed to have data flow into and out of specific types of components. However, it is the data that define the information flowing in and out of the components. Understanding how to manipulate list data is critical to understanding the Grasshopper plug-in.Adignia ium sus ressus apicaepuda pa arumquia cusam, iducid esciliatum sunt, officae que dolore, sequam quatur aut laboreste quidi dolum harupta testiusandi as as mo ideliquia qui ab il

illauta tibus, idelit venis pro cus exerio. Nam laut et labo. Ant molupta nus ipsum

illauta tibus, idelit venis pro cus exerio. Nam laut et labo. Ant molupta nus ipsum

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eceatiusa dus voluption reribus eles re estrum re, esequi que pedit, suntion eceaqui

eceatiusa dus voluption reribus eles re estrum re, esequi que pedit, suntion eceaqui

busandellor aut inctet inverrorio. Pos restist iandia volum ressimusci repudanti nem

busandellor aut inctet inverrorio. Pos restist iandia volum ressimusci repudanti nem

conem necersp elique naturi dis reperi sus ma doluptibus ius, consequati nitiori qui

conem necersp elique naturi dis reperi sus ma doluptibus ius, consequati nitiori qui

int aboreca tureperi architat archit expe net que vit debis aut lam ipsam rem quis

int aboreca tureperi architat archit expe net que vit debis aut lam ipsam rem quis

ne nam de nobitatur, in ressimin num rerio beribus dolorporem

ne nam de nobitatur, in ressimin num rerio beribus dolorporem

coreiur, iunt eos volorem cullore ni doluptatis expe laut alibusam quis aut dolorepta

volupta is ari consed ex et qui test que porerero con nonsed et rae voluptatio maxim

volupta is ari consed ex et qui test que porerero con nonsed et rae voluptatio maxim

endi cum suntur sendis rercia dis inusant asitio od ex et volenim delestrum inis mos

endi cum suntur sendis rercia dis inusant asitio od ex et volenim delestrum inis mos

dolectem imus aut ratiurio beaquiantiam qui remquam nienect atquia ditatias aut

dolectem imus aut ratiurio beaquiantiam qui remquam nienect atquia ditatias aut

repra invelit quamus.

repra invelit quamus.

Omnihitatem vent quam ium volupta turest et dus doloris exerit rem idis dolupis

Omnihitatem vent quam ium volupta turest et dus doloris exerit rem idis dolupis

int unt in et voluptas adis am aut latum assed ut quae secaborumTa dis eaquam

int unt in et voluptas adis am aut latum assed ut quae secaborumTa dis eaquam

faceptatia comnihilibea nim volupta tiatur?

faceptatia comnihilibea nim volupta tiatur?

Burning Man 2017

07 Matthew Chamberlain

ent prerror eprem. Ed exerum eium facea enisi quam quatus volum a dia antur?

dolecup tatemporum quas consectur, vidi que.

Endi dolore quia et utendanderum quamendendi officim ende eosae dolectem

Burning Man 2017

Gent venimus doluptam dolest quaspedit ant od quistiis andeniae qui commo

voloreperum et que pres del elluptatur aute cone consequibus, tempos ma voluptas

aspe coritin cillamu sciasperiant mint vel inverferfero blam qui oditiae eati

coreiur, iunt eos volorem cullore ni doluptatis expe laut alibusam quis aut dolorepta

Endi dolore quia et utendanderum quamendendi officim ende eosae dolectem

idebisciis et que niate volupti onsecatur, si volore soloribus magnimaiost optaspe

Equo tessuscilis ut qui quaes nonsecepudi consedit laborib ernatem ad

molest libus sametures maios et ommod et, sumquo dolo que ne volut landigende

aspe coritin cillamu sciasperiant mint vel inverferfero blam qui oditiae eati

isimus nestorporunt ut quae nos ipsumen ihilit, ut odicienis dollaute nonsequ

08 Matthew Chamberlain


Infinity Principles and Properties

INTRODUCTION

Waves are all around us in everyday life. Light waves are very special because they are constructed from photons that enable us to see. Sound is also a type of wave that moves through matter and then vibrates our eardrums allowing us to hear.

6.0 Chapter 6.0 - Symbol to System Phase 3 (Materiality) A ruled surface is a surface that can be swept out by moving a line in space.

Waves are disturbances that propagate energy through a medium. They transfer energy, momentum and information but not mass and can generally be classified as either Mechanical of Electromagnetic waves. Sound is an example of a mechanical wave in which the wave is an oscillation of matter and requires a medium. Contrary to this, electromagnetic waves do not require a medium and are created by the vibration of an electric charge. This means electromagnetic waves can move through a vacuum. Waves can also be described by their amplitude, wavelength and frequency are categorised by there orientation. There are three main specific types of waves: Longitudinal: Movement of particles parallel to the motion of the energy. Transverse: Movement of particles perpendicular to the motion of the energy. Surface: Movement of particles traveling in a circular motion

Many waves cannot be seen such as microwaves and radio waves. The understanding of waves and their principles and behaviour, is an ongoing scientific study that helps us to understand the physical world around us. My interest in waves is related to there kinetic behaviour. Kinetics is a scientific and artistic tool that I intend to use as a representational tool for my dna inspired installation.

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40 Matthew Chamberlain


3.4

The Geometry of Dna Symbol to System

Infinity Mirrors Symbolism and Cultural Reference

COSMIC RELEVENCE - VENUS TRANSIT

LEAVE-NO-TRACE

CONTEXT AND CULTURE

Whilst the pentagon and star is a familia symbol colalition it has a very

The pentagon line around the site of burning man is actualy known as the

At the time of generating this pattern the American presidential election

powerful cosmic relationship. Every 121.5 years we experience a Venus

trash fence. Larry Beed was so impressed when he realised Burning Man’s

was taking place. Due to the fact that Burning Man is in the state of

Transit. At this point we see Venus passing directly in front of the sun.

leave-no-trace-ethic but realised there was aproblem. Due to the large

Nevada I felt that this powerful and momentous moment should have

Venus appears as a small dot crossing the face of the Sun. A passage

scale winds created on the playa, lightweight trash kept escaping into

some significance on my design thought.

(technically called a transit) can only occur with the inner planets--Mercury

the desert. Therefore, Larry proposed a trash fence that stretched a mile

and Venus--because they are the only two that can lie between the Earth

around the site. Built from bamboo poles and plastic netting, the fence

It was unknown to me at first but as the pattern on the left hand page

and Sun during their orbits. There are five synodic cycles between two

was a huge sucess plucking everything out of the sky.

developed I realised I was producing stars in the negative space around the pentagons. Through a surprising vein of fortune at the point I stopped

transits. One of these cycles will take place in 2017.

expanding the shape, I had constructed a pattern that contained exactly 50 stars, the same number that appears on the American flag. I felt this to be highly significant. Therefore, I chose to use the star shape in the continued development of the design.

INFINITE MIRROR

2 WAY MIRROR GLASS

Amplitude is the distance from the rest position to the crest position which is half the vertical distance from a trough to a crest.

Burning Man 2017

Amplitude is the distance from the rest position to the crest position which is half the vertical distance from a trough to a crest.

41 Matthew Chamberlain

Burning Man 2017

42 Matthew Chamberlain


7.0 Chapter 7.0 - Proposal A ruled surface is a surface that can be swept out by moving a line in space.


STAR Symbolism and Cultural Reference

CONTEXT AND CULTURE

At the time of generating this pattern the American presidential election was taking place. Due to the fact that Burning Man is in the state of Nevada I felt that this powerful and momentous moment should have some significance on my design thought. It was unknown to me at first but as the pattern on the left hand page developed I realised I was producing stars in the negative space around the pentagons. Through a surprising vein of fortune at the point I stopped expanding the shape, I had constructed a pattern that contained exactly 50 stars, the same number that appears on the American flag. I felt this to be highly significant. Therefore, I chose to use the star shape in the continued development of the design. My symbol of DNA characterises every individual but at the same time represents a unifying bond and connection between all living this. The star was almost a symbol for the dna of America, and in a time where opinions and ideas were divided across the country, this seemed an appropriate and strong philosophical move towards the Architecture and meaning of the installation. This same ideology of unity and togetherness is essentially the catalyst behind the success of Burning Man.

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18 Matthew Chamberlain


8.0 Chapter 8.0 - Future Development A ruled surface is a surface that can be swept out by moving a line in space.


STAR Symbolism and Cultural Reference

CONTEXT AND CULTURE

At the time of generating this pattern the American presidential election was taking place. Due to the fact that Burning Man is in the state of Nevada I felt that this powerful and momentous moment should have some significance on my design thought. It was unknown to me at first but as the pattern on the left hand page developed I realised I was producing stars in the negative space around the pentagons. Through a surprising vein of fortune at the point I stopped expanding the shape, I had constructed a pattern that contained exactly 50 stars, the same number that appears on the American flag. I felt this to be highly significant. Therefore, I chose to use the star shape in the continued development of the design. My symbol of DNA characterises every individual but at the same time represents a unifying bond and connection between all living this. The star was almost a symbol for the dna of America, and in a time where opinions and ideas were divided across the country, this seemed an appropriate and strong philosophical move towards the Architecture and meaning of the installation. This same ideology of unity and togetherness is essentially the catalyst behind the success of Burning Man.

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18 Matthew Chamberlain


DNA Historical Reference

JACOBS LADDER I am currently developing the code and design to be used as an application on both android and apple devices. The application encourages the understanding of sin and cosin waves and how they respond to changing certain parameters. I also hope to be able to develop the code further to consolidate the link between the waves and dna, which is at the heart of my studio project. It’s exciting for me that I have been able to develop the principle behaviour of sin waves, which we began looking at within the first few weeks of the module. I have thoroughly enjoyed this module. I have learnt an immense amount in only one term which has enabled me to progress and develop other areas of my study. I will look to develop my skills in as many of the areas as possible from this report for both my studies and work in practice. The module was very fast paced but that encouraged me to speed up my own work and as a result I feel I am far more productive with both rhino, grasshopper and processing.

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