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Volume 1, Issue 1

November 5th, 1789

Newsletter Title S

K E L S E Y H E L B Y

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M A T T I N G I N C E N T

In the French Revolution the Tennis Court Oath began the new meeting place for the Third Estate. The deputies of the Estate were coming together for a meeting to discuss the reforms proposed by Necker, the Prime Minister. These reforms called for the meeting of all the Estates together, and to hold a vote by head instead of by estate. 4That would have given the third Estate, at least nominally, a stronger voice in the Estates General. T he Third Estate had no right to act as the National Assembly. The of the Third Estate were ardent supporters of the reforms, and they anxious to discuss these measures. On

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H A L L I E B E K A H

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M C A R T H Y , D U P L A N T I S

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June 17, the third estate decided to break from the estates general and draw up their own constitution. Members of the third estate arrived at their assigned meeting hall, Menus Plaice’s, they found it locked against them. So on June 20 they gathered in an nearby tennis court and vowed that they would continue to meet until they had established a new constitution for France. The Oath was a pledge signed by 577 members from the Third Estate. This was the first step of the French Revolution. The tennis court oath was an assertion that the sovereignty of the people did not reside with king, but in the people themselves, and their representatives. It was a result of the growing discount of the Third Estate in France in the face of

O a t h king Louis XVI’a desire to hold onto the country’s history of absolute government. Mousier proposed that the third estate adopt an oath of allegiance. The proposed oath was to read that they would remain assembled until a constitution had been written, meeting wherever it was required and resisting pressures from the outside to disband. The deputies believed that this was a blatant attempt by Louis XVI to end their demands for reform and they were further incensed at the King’s duplicity. -Rebekah Duplantis

Some of the leaders preparing the constitution


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rything that they wanted. - Kelsey Mattingly

July 14th 1789, an angry mob of citizens from the 3rd estate marched themselves to the Bastille. The Bastille is a prison that was a “symbol” of the king’s absolute and arbitrary power. The Bastille was guarded by 80 soldiers and 30 guards. The soldiers had 600 musketoons, 12 rampart muskets complete, more than 15,000 cartridges, and 20,000 pounds of powder. The soldiers and guards did not think the mob was big enough for anything would really happen. Before reaching the Bastille the mob saw the cannons outside of it and came to a halt of for a bit then kept moving. As the mob was entering the Bastille the soldiers were ordered to fire at the crowd. Soldiers killed only a few people, leaving the rest to attack the Bastille. Even thought the soldiers had more advance weapons, the guards surrendered and the mob took over and defeated King Louis XVI’s guards. The storming of the Bastille only took hours. All of the guards were killed and Marquis de Launay was beheaded. The mob then took his head and

put it on a stake and carried it around the city in victory and attacking the Bastille.

Many people may wonder why it happened. Well it all started in 1774 when Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette just assumed their roles as rulers. The monarchs are mainly the reason of the attack. They were having to pay taxes and had lack of food, so they took matters into their own hands and attacked the Bastille. They got the “revenge” and eve-

The angry mob storming the Bastille

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The lifestyle of King Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette

King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette King Louis and Marie Antoinette had a very different lifestyle. They married in 1770, four years after Louis was crowned the French king. Marie, who was born in 1755, was only 15 when they married. They lived in the palace at Versailles which

was 1o miles outside of Paris. Marie was Austrian and Louis was French. Marie lived a luxurious lifestyle which included extravagant hairstyles, gambling, expensive clothing, pastries, and masked balls. The luxurious lifestyle that Marie lived became associated with the countries loss of funds. Marie had a set of small buildings that she called the Trianon, this was where she liked to be most of the time. Marie also had much of the queens area of the palace refurbished and updated. It took Marie many hours to

Marie Antoinette and her children

get ready for events, and she liked to buy expensive clothes, and jewelry. By 1785 Marie had given birth to 3 children. Louis and Marie had 4 children total and only one lived to adulthood. The children’s names were Marie Therese, Louis Joseph, Louis Charles, and Sophie. The heir, who was the oldest son died in 1789. As the queen of France, Marie actually had no official role and legitimate political power. Louis XVI was the first French king in two hundred years to not have a mistress; Marie believed she could be both mistress and queen. As Marie grew older she became less extravagant and started giving all her efforts to her children. -Hallie McCarthy

King Louis XVI said “ has god forgotten all I have done for

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DEATHS

King Louis XVI

Marie Antoinette

Napoleon Bonaparte

K i n g When King Louis XVI ascended the throne of France in 1774, he started out with financial problems and also problems with the states that he couldn’t take care of by himself. King Louis XVI brought in the States-General in hopes to help him solve the issues within France. The States-General had not been assembled in Frances

Marquis De Lafayette

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On July 14, 1789 the storming of the Bastille took place. The King didn’t like the Revolution but knew it was happening. However the people didn’t like King Louis XVI’s wife, Marie Antoinette, but hated the King even more. They all wanted them gone. On October 1789, the people stormed to Versailles and demanded the King and Queen to move to Tulilerie. In June 1791, the people resented the King and Queen so much that they were both forced to flee to Austria.

X V I On their way to Austria, Marie and Louis XVI were stopped in Varennce, France and taken back to Paris. In Paris King Louis XVI was forced to accept the constitution in 1791. This event reduced King Louis XVI to just a person of France, with no power over anyone or the country of France. In August 1792, Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI were arrested by the sans-culottes and put in prison. While the King was in prison the monarchy was abolished by the National Convention. In November of 1792, Louis XVI was put on trail for treason by the National Convention. By the nest January Louis XVI was convicted and executed. He walked in front of a crowd of people up to the Guillotine where he took his last breath. After her husband’s death on October 16 the same year Marie Antoinette was also executed by the Guillotine. -Shelby Vincent

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