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The Cube Project Louis Kahn

Louis Kahn uses natural light as the key feature in most of his projects, which makes him rather unique in comparison to other architects which use light in their work. The way which he uses natural light is to expose certain parts of the building to light in order to create an ambiance mainly within the structure itself. In comparison to other Architects such as James Turrell, Kahn uses natural light and experiments with the site in order to accomplish his goals of lighting for his design. On the other hand James Turrell also uses light as the main feature for his work but instead uses it in much more different environment and uses colourful lights in order to create a more modern and unique experience.

James Turrell

Turrell’s inspiration of light was enlightened during his travels before 1960’s during flights. He believes that space is made with the use of light rather than concretes or solid objects, Turrell is very unique as he makes the light the key feature of his designs in order to compliment the space in which he would be working on. He also uses lighting in order to create and visually expand the area of the structure.


Aluminium sheet; this was used in order to get a shinier and a more reflective look with the lighting. Ply wood; used to construct the initial shape of the object. Vacuum proof plastic; this is the layer over the plywood and the LED will be sitting in between the vacuum proof plastic and the aluminium sheet, this was done to reflect light between both materials. Acrylic sides covered with vinyl sheet; the vinyl sheets were placed onto it in order to hide some of clear details of the LED underneath. LED strip; I used Red in order to create a feeling that it is warm or that there is heat within the box itself.

Development of ideas;

After obtaining general information about different architects and artist which use lighting within their work I researched the different methods of lighting such as natural lighting and LED lighting. From then on I looked into how lighting can affect emotions and create a feeling and atmosphere, after reading “Laganier, V & Van Der Pol, J (2011) Light and Emotions, Birkhauser� it made me realise that there are a number of factors which affects lighting and the feelings which is expresses. Key feature such as brightness, emotions, colours and the dynamics of colour were all taken into consideration. For my cube project I decided to use LED lighting as did James Turell, the reason why I chose LED lighting was due to the fact that I believed that I can create a feeling or emotion for the cube. I decided to use red LED lighting in order to express a feeling of warmth and heat within the cube going outwards. In order to obtain such a feeling I looked into different methods of how I could construct this idea which I had sketched out. I initially had the idea to use a wooden shape with aluminium sheets surrounding my design and to have red LED lighting running alongside the edges of the whole square. After doing some research I realised that it would be better if covered my initial project with vacuum proof sheets in order to get a more reflective look on the inside of the cube in order to expose more light to the outside. I also done a test to see how reflective this material would be before I made my final decision as it can be seen below. I believed that the vacuum proof sheets would be reflective enough for the initial idea which I have for the project so then I went onto create my actual cube for the project and also round off the edges of the corners in order to obtain a smoother look and also so that the lighting would curve round the edges instead of directly reflecting off the cube. The exterior of the cube is surrounded with aluminium sheets, I done this in order to cover up all the necessary wires and also to get a more reflective exterior look.

Live/Work Space; Pina Bausch She was born in 1940 in Solingen as Philippine Bausch; under her nickname Pina she was later to gain international standing from nearby Wuppertal with her dance theatre. Her parents ran a restaurant in Solingen attached to a hotel where, along with her siblings, Pina helped out. She learned to observe people, above all the fundamental things which drive them. The atmosphere of her early childhood seems to find an echo later in her pieces; music is heard, people come and go, and talk of their yearning for happiness. Yet her early experience of the war is also reflected in the pieces, in sudden outbursts of panic, fear of an unnamed danger. Bausch passed away on 30th June 2009 at the age of 68, of an unclear form of cancer which was also related to smoking, this all happened during the pre planned documentary “Wim Wenders�. During 1980 she was married to Rolf Borzik who sadly passed away due to leukaemia. She then met Ronald Kay and had a son together which they named Rolf-Salomon T.

Site Location;

The Granary, College Street, Ipswich, IP4 1FT Surrounding roads; Foundry Lane, College street, Key Street, Wherry Quay (along the waterfront).

Landmarks surrounding the building; Neptune marina, River Orwell, CineWorld, University Of Suffolk, Dance East. Access to site; There is a high density of pedestrians walking around the site as some parts of the marina is closed to vehicles access. There is a small road across the marina which joins Wherry quay and Neptune quay. Disable residents can have access to the site as there is the necessary walkways available across the whole Marina. Vegetation; There is no parks or any other greenery open to public around the site but there are some which are walking distances away such as Alexandra Park (15 minute walk) and Holywells park and Christchurch Park (20 minute walk) from the site. View; One of key features of the site is that it is located in the Marina which is a big attraction for the town. A lot of investments have been made around the area in recent years. Having different activities and different uses to the area makes it a great place during the night time, gyms, pubs, bars, restaurants etc. Overall it gives the whole of the marina a vibrant look beside the history of the area too.

The Ground Floor, Dance Studio

First Floor, Living Space

The concept of the design was different levels of translucency depending on where Pina Bausch is and the space which she is occupying, The dance studio at the ground floor has dark windows but during the night, when the interior lights are on the outline of her body will be clearly visible on the street in front this will create a clear outline of her body, but no one will know who is performing. This was done so in order to prevent her from being exposed as she is a shy and closed person and to let her express herself through her movement.

Ground Floor Plan

First Floor Plan

House Of Vans; Ipswich 4 College St, Ipswich IP4 1BF Surrounding roads; Foundry Lane, College street, Key Street, Wherry Quay (along the waterfront).

History of skateboarding; Skateboarding started in the 1950’s by surfers in southern California, they wanted to carry the surfing experience from the sea to the streets. It is a sport which has been labelled as dangerous and rebellious since it has been found. It has also gone all the way for it to be banned in 1965 in America due to the reputation which it had, this caused skateboard manufacturers to fold, after this point people started to make their own skateboard for a few years until the ban was withdrawn. It’s a sport which has always been related to drugs, violence, alcohol and crime. This is definitely not the case though, a lot of the people which participate within the sport believe that it is a getaway from the stress and chaos of everyday life and a way of keeping out of trouble which is the total opposite of the perception of people from the outside.

Aims of this project; •

Expecting to create a venue for around 80-100 when both indoor and outdoor spaces are in use.

It will be a public space open for the community from Ipswich as well as commuters from other towns and cities from around the country.

The aim of house of vans Ipswich is to create a safe environment for both adults and children to skate and mix with one another with a common interest.

To brake the perception that it has as a sport which is influenced by drugs, alcohol and violence.

To provide people of all ages a safe community and a learning curve to practice skateboarding and other sports such as bmx and scooter riders.

To show the history of skateboarding and how it has developed over the years, this will be done by designating an area within the project for a gallery room.

Concept idea; Positive and Negatives this idea developed after creating a number of models. I created a mould in order to create the plaster models of my wooden models, and obtained the positives and negatives of my models. Then I done some research on gestalt psychology, due to the fact that when you look at the gestalt pictures, there’s a negative and a positive of each picture. What the viewer see’s depends on the perception of the individual. Then I realised that I could use the concept of positives and negatives in other ways too e.g. wet and dry, natural and man made resources, high and low, full or empty.

Whole Plan

Ground Floor Plan

First Floor Plan

Design Studio; Portfolio  
Design Studio; Portfolio