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‫ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻲ ﻓﺸﺎ‪*M‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮ   ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮ ‪1386‬‬

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‫ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲﻧﮕﺎ‪ ،M‬ﭘﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬ  ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪M‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﻬﻮ‪ P‬ﻣﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﻜﻴﺪ=‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲﻧﮕﺎ‪ J‬ﻳﻜﻲ  ﺷﺎﺧﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﺮ ﻧﻲ ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‪J‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮ‪ $^ J‬ﺑﻪ =‪ J‬ﻗﺎﺟﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻲﮔﺮ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﻪ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫  ﻧﮕﺎﮔﺮ‪ J‬ﻳﺮ ﻧﻲ  ﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻳﺒﺎﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ =‪ J‬ﻗﺎﺟﺎ ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎ=‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﻲ  ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪ J‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﻬﻮ‪ Q‬ﻣﺮﻳﻦ ^‪  $‬ﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﻳﻦ ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺻﻠﻲ  ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪  J‬ﻳﺮ ‪  $‬ﺑﺮﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ  ﺗﻼ‪ X‬ﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮ=  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﺎ‪  $‬ﻧﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﺨﺎ ﺷﻴﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮ ‪ $‬ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﺳﻤﻲ ﻛﺸﻮ  =‪J‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻮ‪ j   J‬ﺑﻴﺎ| ﻳﻨﻲ  ﻋﻼﻗﻪ‪ J‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﻣﺮ‪ Q‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ‬ ‫=‪ J‬ﻗﺎﺟﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ‪  J‬ﺟﺪ‪ J‬ﺷﺪ‪ $‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪  J‬ﻳﺮ ‪  $‬ﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ ژﮔﺎ‪ 6‬ﻛﻠﻴﺪ‪:M‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪ ،J‬ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲﻧﮕﺎ‪ ،J‬ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ‪ ،‬ﺋﻤﻪ ﻃﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮ=‪J‬‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻲ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺟﺎ‪ ،‬ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻲ  ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﻮ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻫﻨﺮ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ  ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‪ J‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﺳﺎ‪  J‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ^ﺛﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﺎ‪ $‬ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﻳﺎ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲﺳﺎ ﻣﻨﺴﻮ ﻧﻤﻮ‪ .‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫ ﻫﻨﺮ ﻳﺮ ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻔﻬﻮ‪ Q‬ﻣﺮﻳﻦ ^‪ $‬ﺑﺎ ^ﺛﺎ ﻳﻦ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ‪ $‬ﻇﻬﻮ  ﺑﺮ ﻧﻤﻮ  ﺑﺎ‬ ‫^ﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺳﺪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﮔﺮ‪  J‬ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻟﺴﻼ‪ Q‬ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ‪ J‬ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻲ‬ ‫ ‪ ،‬ﻟﻲ ﺣﺘﻲ   ‪ $‬ﺻﻔﻮﻳﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﺳﺘﻘﺮ  ﺳﻤﻲ ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﺷﻴﻌﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮ ﻳﺶ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﻌﻲ ‪ j‬ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮ‪^ ،‬ﺛﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﺮ ﭼﻪ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ =‪ J‬ﺻﻔﻮﻳﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﺳﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫  ﺣﻀﺮ| ﻣﻴﺮ ﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ)(‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﻨﻴﻦ)(  ﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺮﺑﻮ‪ s‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺣﻀﺮ|‬ ‫ﺳﻮ‪ V‬ﻛﺮ‪^ (q)Q‬ﻏﺎ ﮔﺮﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪^ j‬ﺛﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮ‪ s‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ﺳﻼ‪Q‬‬ ‫ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮ‪ q‬ﺷﻴﻌﻪ  ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ ً ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪ ،J‬ﭼﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎ‘ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﮔﻲ  ﭼﻪ ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻨﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ =‪ J‬ﻗﺎﺟﺎ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ   ﻧﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ‪  $‬ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﮔﺴﺘﺮ‪ ،$^ X‬ﻳﺮ ‪  $‬ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‪ J‬ﻫﻨﺮ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ  ﺑﺮŸ‬ ‫* ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺄ| ﻋﻠﻤﻲ  ﻧﺸﻜﺪ=‪ J‬ﻫﻨﺮ  ﻧﺸﮕﺎ= ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬

‫ﻣﻴﺎ‪$‬ﻧﮕﺎﮔﺮ‪ J‬ﻋﺼﺮ ﺻﻔﻮ‪^  J‬ﻏﺎ ﻏﺮ ﮔﻲ ﻗﺮ   ﺷﺖ  ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ‪ $‬ﻣﺮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻋﺼﺮ‪  J‬ﻫﻲ ﻣﺘﻔﺎ|  ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺑﻴﺎ‪ $‬ﻣﻜﻨﻮﻧﺎ| ﻗﻠﺒﻲ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﻤﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﮔﺮ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪﻋﺖﮔﺬ ‪  J‬ﭼﻬﺮ=ﭘﺮ ‪  J‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪  J‬ﻣﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻮﻳﻪ  ‪ j‬ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻤ َﺎ ﭼﺎ ﺷﺘﺒﺎ= ﺷﺪ= ﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﻲﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪ $‬ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻮﻳﺎ‪ $‬ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺘﻲ ﺧﺎ‪ q‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﮔﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ  ﺗﺮ ژ‪J‬ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﭘﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ  ﺷﺘﻪ  ﺑﻪ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ ‪  $‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﺎ‪ $‬ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﭘﺮ ﺧﺘﻪ ﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎ= ﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﺻﻔﻮ‪ J‬ﭘﺲ  ^ﺳﻮ‪  $‬ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،$‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺑﻜﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ ﮔﻮﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻫﺪ‪  .‬ﺷﻮ  ﺷﻮ‪ k‬ﻋﺠﻴﺒﻲ  ﻣﻴﻬﻦﭘﺮﺳﺘﻲ  ﺟﻨﮓ  ﺳﺮ ﻣﺮ‪Q‬‬ ‫ ﻧﺪ ﺧﺖ   ﺣﺎﻟﻲﻛﻪ  ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﮔﺮﻫﻲ  ﺳﺮﺑﺎ ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ  = ﻓﺘﺎ= ﺑﻮ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎﺷﺎ‪ $‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮ  ‪ $‬ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺒﺖ   ﻃﻮ‪ =  V‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ   ﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﮔﺮ=ﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﭙﻮ‬ ‫ ﻃﺒﻞ  ^ ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺳﻮﻧﺎ…  ﺧﻮ ﻧﺪ‪ $‬ﻣﺮ ﺛﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻈﻠﻮﻣﻲ ﻣﺎ‪ Q‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ)(  ﺳﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ $‬ﻛﺮﺑﻼ  ﻣﻄﺮ‪ ,‬ﻛﺮﻧﺪ  ﻣﺮ‪  Q‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮ ﻓﺮ ﺧﻮ ﻧﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻇﺎﻟﻤﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻚ‬ ‫ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻮﻧﺎ‪ $‬ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻪ  ﻳﺰﻳﺪ  ﺷﻤﺮ  ﺳﻨﺎ‪ ... $‬ﺑﺪﻛﺮ   ﺷﻘﻲ ﻣﻲﭘﻨﺪ ﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﻫﻨﺪ‪  .‬ﻳﻦ ﺷﻮ^ﻓﺮﻳﻨﻲ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ  ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮ‪ s‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﻴﺒﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ= ﻗﺮ  ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﺮ=ﺧﻮ ‪$‬ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮ=  ﺑﺰﮔﻲ  ﻛﻪ ﺻﺤﻨﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻓﺎﺟﻌﻪ‪ J‬ﻛﺮﺑﻼ  ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﻧﻴﻦﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺴﻢ ﻣﻲﻛﺮ‪  ،‬ﻣﻴﺪ ‪^ $‬ﺑﺎ‪J‬ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻲﮔﺬ ﺷﺘﻨﺪ  ﻣﺮﺛﻴﻪ ﺳﺮ ﻳﺎ‪ $‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺷﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮ  ﻟﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ^‪ $‬ﻣﻲﭘﺮ ﺧﺘﻨﺪ  ^‪$‬ﮔﺎ=  ﻫﻤﻪ‪ J‬ﻣﺮ‪Q‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺧﻮ ﺳﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﭙﺎ= ﺻﻮﻓﻲ ﺑﺰگ ﻫﻤﺮ = ﺷﻮﻧﺪ  ﻫﻢﺗﻴﭙﺎ‪ $‬ﻗﺎﺗﻼ‪ $‬ﺷﻬﺪ ‪J‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺑﻼ  ﻛﻴﻔﺮ  ﻗﺼﺎ‪ q‬ﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫  ﻋﻠﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮ‪  X‬ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮ‪  $‬ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻲ ﻣﻨﻈﻮ‪  Q‬ﻣﻨﺜﻮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮ‪ s‬ﺑﻪ ﺋﻤﻪ ﺷﺎ= ﻧﻤﻮ‪ ،‬ﻛﺘﺎ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﭼﻮ‪$‬‬ ‫»ﺿﻪ ﻟﺸﻬﺪ « ﺛﺮ ﻣﻼﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ  ﻋﻆ ﻛﺎﺷﻔﻲ  ﺟﻮ ﻣﻘﺎﺗﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮ‪ q‬ﭘﻴﺮ ﻣﻮ‪  $‬ﻗﻌﻪ‪ J‬ﻋﺎﺷﻮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺧﺎﺻﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺑﻴﺎ‪ $‬ﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ﺳﻼ‪ Q‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻌﻪ ﺑﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼ= ﺑﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﻜﺘﻮ ‪^ ،‬ﺛﺎ ﻣﻨﻘﻮ‪  V‬ﺑﻴﺎ| ﺷﻔﺎﻫﻲ  ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻤﻲﺗﻮ ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺪ= ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻮ ﻧﻘﺎﻻ‪   $‬ﻳﺎ‪ $‬ﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﺣﻤﺎﺳﻲ  ﻳﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﮔﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ‬


‫ﻗﻮﻟﻠﺮ ﻗﺎﺳﻲ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺣﻀﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ)( ـ ﻧﮓ‬ ‫‪0 0‬ﻏﻦ ‪ 40‬ﺑﻮ ‪ 171 × 110/5 ،‬ﺑﺪ‪ /0‬ﺗﺎﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻣﻮ&‪ %‬ﺿﺎ ﻋﺒﺎﺳﻲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻗﻬﻮ‪%‬ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ ،4‬ﻫﺎ?‪ 4‬ﺳﻴﻒ‪  &0 ،1369 ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ‪ 0‬ﻣﻮ&‪ 8‬ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ ﻧﻮ ‪ #‬ﺷﻴﻮﻫﺎ‪ M‬ﺟﺮ ‪ M‬ﻳﻦ ‪L‬ﺛﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ! ﻋﻤﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪q‬ﻫﺎ‪o M‬ﻳﻞ ‪L‬ﻣﺪ ﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫‪1‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻧﮓ  ﻏﻦ ‪ J‬ﺑﻮ‪ Q‬ﻳﺎ ﭘﺎﭼﻪ‬ ‫‪2‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻣﺎ‬

‫ ﻧﻮ ‪ #‬ﻳﻦ ‪L‬ﺛﺎ  ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪ 6‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ! ‪o‬ﻳﻞ ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮ‪:‬‬ ‫‪1‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪J‬‬ ‫‪2‬ـ ﭘﺮ= ﻳﺸﻲ‬ ‫‪3‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫‪4‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﻮ ‪J‬‬ ‫‪5‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻛﺘﺎ ‬ ‫‪6‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺑﺰ   ^ﻻ| ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻪ ﺳﺘﻪ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮ‪ ،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫ ﻟﻒ( ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻋﻠﻢﻫﺎ  ﭘﺎﭼﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ ( ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﺣﻤﻞ  ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫‪ ( j‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﺳﺒﺎ  ﺳﺎﻳﻞ‬

‫ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻲﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﺒﺎ‪ .G‬ﺣﻀﺮ ﺑﻮ ﻟﻔﻀﻞ)(‪ ،‬ﻧﮓ ‪0 0‬ﻏﻦ ‪ 40‬ﺑﻮ ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎ‪%‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺷﻘﻲ ‪ 0‬ﻋﺎﺷﻮ ‪.‬‬

‫‪3‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫‪4‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫‪5‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﮔﭻ )ﻳﻮ (  ﭼﻮ ‬ ‫‪6‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﺣﻜﺎﻛﻲ ‪ J‬ﺷﻴﺎء‬ ‫‪7‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﺧﺖ‬ ‫‪8‬ـ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﭼﺎپ  ﻗﻠﻤﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪9‬ـ ﻧﮓ^ﻣﻴﺰ‪ J‬ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ‪ J‬ﭘﺎﭼﻪ‬ ‫ ﻧﻮ‪ #‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺎ‪ s‬ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ!ﻫﺎ‪ M‬ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺎ ﺷﺪ ﻧﺪ‪  ،‬ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪1‬ـ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻓﺮ‪ :J‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﻚﺗﻚ ﻟﻴﺎء ﻣﺮﺑﻮ‪ s‬ﻣﻲﺷﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺼﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﺎ‪Q‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ)(  ﻣﺎ‪ Q‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ)(  ﻏﻴﺮ=‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬ـ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‪ :‬ﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ  ﻧﻮ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ ﻳﺪ=‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮ  ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ| ﻋﻤﺪ=  ﺧﺘﺼﺎ‪ q‬ﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﻳﻊ  ﻗﺼﺺ ﻣﻬﻢ ﭘﻴﺮ ﻣﻮ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻧﺒﻴﺎء  ﻟﻴﺎء ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮ‪  .‬ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻳﻦ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ ﺟﻨﮓﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺣﻀﺮ| ﻋﻠﻲ)( ﻣﻌﺮ ‪ j‬ﺣﻀﺮ| ﺳﻮ‪ V‬ﻛﺮ‪ ،(q)Q‬ﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻋﺎﺷﻮ ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﭘﻨﺞ ﺗﻦ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺣﻀﺮ| ﻣﻴﺮ ﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ)(  ﺣﺴﻨﻴﻦ)(‪  ،‬ﻗﻌﻪ ﻏﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻢ‪ ،‬ﺿﺎﻣﻦ ^ﻫﻮ‪ ،J   ،‬ﺑﺎﮔﺎ= ﺣﻀﺮ| ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎ‪  ،$‬ﺳﺘﺎ‪ $‬ﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺣﻀﺮ|‬

‫ﻣﺮ   ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮ ‪1386‬‬

‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎ‪  J‬ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮ‪ q‬ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ ﻏﻠﺐ ﻣﺘﻜﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﻻ‪  $‬ﭘﺮ=ﺧﻮ ﻧﺎ‪   $‬ﻳﺎ| ^ﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪  .‬ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎ‪ V‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ  ﻣﺘﻮ‪ $‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻮ‪ $‬ﺗﻌﺰﻳﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﻪﺳﺰ ﻳﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪ J‬ﺧﺎ‪ q‬ﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻧﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺗﻲ  ﻫﻨﺮ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪ J‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﮔﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻳﻦ ﻫﻨﺮ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎ=‬ ‫ﺧﻮ  ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﻳﺞ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺖ ^=   ﺟﺪ ﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮔﺮ ﻛﻪ  ﻧﻮ ﺧﻮ ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺳﺖ  ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮ ‪ $‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪J‬ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪   J‬ﻳﻒ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺴﻴﺤﻲ )‪  (Icon‬ﻧﺴﺖ‪  .‬ﺳﻮ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻳﮕﺮ ﺣﻴﻄﻪ‪ J‬ﺟﺮ ﻳﻲ ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﻮ  ﮔﺴﺘﺮ= ﺑﻮ=  ﻧﻮ  ﺷﻴﻮ=ﻫﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫ ﺟﺮ ﻳﻲ  ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ   ‪ J‬ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎ| ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻧﻲ ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺑﺪ‪ /0‬ﻗﻢ‪ ،‬ﻗﺴﻤﺘﻲ & ﭘﺮ?‪ %‬ﺗﻌﺰﻳﻪﺧﻮ ﻧﻲ ﻧﮓ ‪0 0‬ﻏﻦ‪ 0 ،‬ﺧﺮ ?‪ %0‬ﺻﻔﻮﻳﻪ ـ ‪ 7/5 × 2‬ﻣﺘﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮ&‪ %‬ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﺎ‪ /‬ﻗﺪ‪ G‬ﺿﻮ‪.4‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮ   ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮ ‪1386‬‬

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‫ﻳﻮﺳﻒ)(‪i ،‬ﺑﺢ ﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ  ‪ ...‬ﺷﺎ= ﻧﻤﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎ‪ V‬ﭘﺲ  ﻳﻦ ﺟﻤﺎ‪  V‬ﺑﺮﺷﻤﺮ‪ $‬ﻧﻮ   ﻗﺴﺎ‪ Q‬ﻧﮕﺎ=ﻫﺎ  ﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ ‬ ‫ﻧﮓ  ﻣﻀﻤﻮ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮ‪ ,‬ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ  ^‪$‬ﻫﺎ ﻣﻲﭘﺮ ﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻗﻬﻮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪M‬‬ ‫ ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ  ﺷﺎﺧﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ  ﻓﺮ‪Q‬ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻛﻼﻣﻲ  ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﻲ ﻫﻨﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ  ﻧﻘﺎﻟﻲ  ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎ‪ Q‬ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻲ^ﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ  ﮔﺮ= ﻧﻘﺎﻻ‪ $‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﺎ‪  $‬ﻣﻴﺎ‪ $‬ﻣﺮ‪ Q‬ﻛﻮﭼﻪ  ﺑﺎ  ﺑﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ  ^ﺛﺎ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﭘﺎﺳﺪ ‪ J‬‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﻣﻲ  ﻓﻜﺎ ﻳﻨﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ  ﻧﺒﺎ‪ V‬ﻣﻲﻧﻤﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻲ  ﻋﺎﻟﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺮﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻳﻨﻲ  ﻣﻨﺸﺄ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‪ J‬ﻫﻨﺮ ﻣﺮﻣﻲ  ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻏﺮﺑﻴﺎ‪Pop $‬‬ ‫‪ Art‬ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪ $‬ﺗﻠﻘﻲ ﻛﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﻦ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﻣﻌﻤﻮ ًﻻ  ﺑﻌﺎ ﺑﺰگ  ﺑﻪ ﺳﻔﺎ‪ X‬ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺎ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻌﺎ ﺑﺰگ ﺛﺮ  ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮ  ﻳﺠﺎ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ|‬ ‫ﺧﺎ‪ ،q‬ﺟﺮ ﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻠﻪ‪ J‬ﻧﮓ  ﻏﻦ ﻧﺠﺎ‪ Q‬ﻣﻲﺷﻮ‪  .‬ﻳﻦ  ﮔﺮ ﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺠﻢﭘﺮ ‪ J‬ﻛﻠﻲ  ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮ ﺧﺖﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﺴﺒﺘ ًﺎ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖﮔﺮ ﻳﺎﻧﻪ  ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺪ= ﻣﻲﺷﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ‪  J‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ  ﻣﻀﻤﻮ‪ $‬ﺛﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ  ﮔﺮ= ﺻﻠﻲ ﻟﻴﺎء  ﺷﻘﻴﺎء‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺣﻀﻮ ﻧﺎ‪  $‬ﻛﻮﻛﺎ‪  $‬ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺑﻴﻨﺎﺑﻴﻨﻲ  ﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮ | ﻣﻠﻜﻮﺗﻲ  ﻏﺮﻳﺐ  ^ﺛﺎ ﻳﺪ= ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻳﻦ ﺣﺎ‪ V‬ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﻮ‪J‬‬ ‫ ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﻟﻴﺎء ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ  ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ‪  $‬ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ ﭘﻴﻜﺮ=  ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻳﺸﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻲ  ﺑﺎﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﻣﻘﺎ‪  Q‬ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻳﺸﺎ‪  $‬ﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻴﻦ  ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎ‘ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﻓﺮ ‪ J‬ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ ﻧﺪ ‪Q‬ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻮ‪ $‬ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻧﺪ  ﺗﻔﺎ|ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻳﺎ‪  J‬ﻗﺎﻣﺖ  ﻧﺪ ‪ Q‬ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ  ﻟﻴﺎء ﺑﺎ ﻳﮕﺮ‪ J‬ﺟﻮ ﻧﺪ   ﻋﻮ ﻣﻞ ﻣﺸﺨﺺﻛﻨﻨﺪ= ﺟﻮ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﻦ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻮ ﻣﻠﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺴﺘﻲ ﻋﻀﻼ| ﻳﺎ ﺧﻤﻴﺪﮔﻲ ﻧﺪ ‪ Q‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮ ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻛﻬﻮﻟﺖ  ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ ﭘﻴﻜﺮ ﻳﺸﺎ‪ $‬ﻳﺪ= ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮ‪  .‬ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ ﺣﺎﻻ| ‬

‫ﺣﺮﻛﺎ| ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ‪ $‬ﺳﻌﻲ  ﻳﺠﺎ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ^ ﻣﺶ  ﻣﺘﺎﻧﺖ  ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻖ ^‪ $‬ﺑﺎ ﺻﻼﺑﺖ‬ ‫ ﺳﺘﺤﻜﺎ‪  Q‬ﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺮ=‪ J‬ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻴﻦ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﻏﻠﺐ   ﻳﻪ ﺳﻪ Ÿ ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮ‪ .‬ﺻﻮ|ﻫﺎ ﮔﺮ‪ ،‬ﭼﺸﻤﺎ‪ $‬ﺷﺖ  ﺑﺮ ‪ $‬ﻫﻼﻟﻲ  ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺸﻤﺎ‪ ،$‬ﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﻚ  ﻟﺐﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻫﻤﺮ = ﺑﺎ ﻟﺒﺨﻨﺪ‪ J‬ﻣﺤﻮ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺎ‪ $‬ﻫﻤﻮ = ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ  ﺛﺮ‪  J‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺧﻄﻮ‪s‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻼ|  ﭼﻬﺮ= ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ﻧﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺣﻮ ‪ V‬ﺣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺪ= ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻳﺠﺎ ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ‪ J‬ﺑﻴﻦ ﭼﻬﺮ=‪ J‬ﻟﻴﺎء  ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ‪ J‬ﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ ‪ $‬ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻘﺎ‪  Q‬ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻪ‪ J‬ﻳﺸﺎ‪ $‬ﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎ|‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮ‪  J‬ﻓﺮ‪ J‬ﻛﻪ ﻳﻦ ﻛﺎ  ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﭘﻴﺮ ﺳﺘﻦ  ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ  ﺳﺎ=ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺮ= ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻣﻲﺷﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﻧﻤﺎﮔﺮ ﻳﻲ ﻣﺸﺘﺮ…  ﻧﮓ^ﻣﻴﺰ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪،J‬‬ ‫ ﻳﺠﺎ ﭘﻮﺳﺖﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺳﻔﻴﺪ  ﻣﻬﺘﺎ ﮔﻮ‪ $‬ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﭼﻬﺮ= ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮ = ﭼﺸﻤﺎ‪  $‬ﺑﺮ ‪ $‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﻦ ﺗﻴﺮ= ﻧﮓ ﺑﺪ‪ $‬ﺗﻌﻤﺪ  ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ‪ J‬ﺟﻮ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﻗﻠﻢﮔﻴﺮ‪J‬‬ ‫ ﻃﺮ \ ﭼﻬﺮ=  ﭘﻴﻜﺮ   ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎ‪ V‬ﺣﺠﻢﭘﺮ ‪ J‬ﻛﻠﻲ  ﺳﺎ=  ﻧﺪ ‪ Q‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺮ=‪ ،‬ﺳﺘﻔﺎ=  ﻫﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ=  ﻳﮋﮔﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻳﻦ ﻧﻮ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﺰ  ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻀﻤﻮ‪  $‬ﻗﻌﻪ ﺻﻮ|‬ ‫ﻣﻲﭘﺬﻳﺮ‪ .‬ﺟﻪ  ﻳﻲ  ﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ^ﺛﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﺳﺖ‪  .‬ﻋﻮ ﻣﻞ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ | ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ=  ﻧﺎ‪ Q‬ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖﻫﺎ  ﻛﻨﺎ ﺗﺼﺎﻳﺮﺷﺎ‪ $‬ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻲ  ﺻﻮ‪ V‬ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﺮ ﻳﻦ ﻧﻮ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ‪ $‬ﻳﻦ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ ﻣﺮ‪ J‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻮ= ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮ ﻳﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺮ= ﻳﺸﻲ  ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﺟﺮ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪ ﻳﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪J‬‬ ‫ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﭘﺮ= ﻫﺎ  ﭘﺮ=ﺧﻮ ‪$‬ﻫﺎ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻳﺸﺎ‪ $‬ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪ ‪ J‬ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ  ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺖﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳﻮﮔﻮ ‪ J‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮ‪q‬‬


‫ ﺳﻤﺎﻋﻴﻞ& ?‪ ،%‬ﺣﺴﻦ‪ 0 .‬ﻗﻌﻪ ﻋﺎﺷﻮ ‪ ،‬ﻧﮓ ‪0 0‬ﻏﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻲﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﺒﺎ‪ .G‬ﺣﻀﺮ ﻗﺎﺳﻢ)(‪ ،‬ﻧﮓ ‪0 0‬ﻏﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎ‪ %‬ﻋﺎﺷﻘﻲ ‪ 0‬ﻋﺎﺷﻮ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻣﺎ‬

‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫  ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ^ﺛﺎ ﻣﻬﻤﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺮ ^‪ $‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷﺪ=‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﻫﻨﺮ ﭘﺲ  ﻓﺘﺮﺗﻲ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻲ  ﺣﺪ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‪ Q J‬ﻗﺮ‪$‬‬ ‫ ﻫﻢ ﻫﺠﺮ‪ J‬ﻧﻖ   ﺟﻲ ﺑﺎ= ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪^ .‬ﺛﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺑﺮ ﺧﺎ‪ q‬ﺧﻮﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺎ‪= Q‬ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻘﺎﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﻜﺎﻳﺎ  ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞ  ﻧﻘﻞ  ﻋﻠﻢﻫﺎ  ﻋﻼﻣﺖﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺨﺼﻮ‪ q‬ﺳﺘﻪﺟﺎ| ﻋﺰ  ‪  J‬ﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎ‪V‬ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ  ﻳﻦ ﻧﻮ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﮋﮔﻲ ﺧﺎ‪ q‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ^ﺛﺎ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪ=‬ ‫ ﺳﺖ‪  .‬ﺳﻮﻳﻲ ﺷﻜﻨﻨﺪﮔﻲ  ﻧﺎﻛﻲ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﮔﺮﻳﺪ= ﺑﻌﺎ ﻛﺎ ﻣﺤﺪ ﺷﻮ‪ .‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮ‪ J‬ﻳﮕﺮ  ^ﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ^ﺛﺎ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ  ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻠﻪ‪  J‬ﻳﺶ = ﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ= ﻗﺮ  ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺣﻤﻞ  ﻧﻘﻞ ^ﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻮ  ﻳﻦ ‬ ‫ ﺑﻌﺎ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺳﻴﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻧﺘﺨﺎ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ‪ ،‬ﻟﻄﺎﻓﺖ  ﺣﺎﻧﻴﺘﻲ ﺑﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻠﻪ‪ J‬ﻳﻦ ﻧﻮ ﻛﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮ ﻣﻲ^ﻣﺪ   ﺳﻮﻳﻲ ﻣﻜﺎ‪ $‬ﻣﺲ  ﻟﻤﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻋﺎﻣﻪ‪ J‬ﻣﺮ‪ Q‬ﻓﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪ‪ $‬ﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻟﻄﻤﻪ ‪J‬‬ ‫  ﺷﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻛﺎ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﻧﻘﺶ  ﻧﻪ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻮ ‪J‬‬ ‫ ﻣﺮ | ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮ =  ‪ .‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ  ﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ^ﺛﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ  ﺑﻌﺎ ﻣﺤﺪ  ﻋﺪ‪ Q‬ﻣﻜﺎ‪ $‬ﺳﺎﺧﺖ  ﺳﺎﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺘﻨﻮ ﻣﻮﺟﺰ  ﺳﺎ=‬ ‫ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﻮﻣ ًﺎ   ﻳﻪ ﺳﻪ Ÿ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﻦ ﻧﺒﻮ= ﺳﻴﺎ=  ﺑﺮ ﻧﻲ ﭘﺮﭘﺸﺖ ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﺷﺖ ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ ﺷﺪ= ﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ=  ﺗﺰﻳﻴﻨﺎ| ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺟﻮ    ﮔﺎﻫﻲ  ﭼﺴﺒﺎﻧﻴﺪ‪ k $‬ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻳﺸﻢ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻟﻘﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻮ ﻳﺎ ﭘﺎﭼﻪ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ= ﻣﻲﺷﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﮓﻫﺎ ﻟﻮ ‪  $‬ﻧﺪ= ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ‬

‫ﻣﺮ   ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮ ‪1386‬‬

‫ ﻳﺎ‪ Q‬ﻣﺤﺮ‪ Q‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻮ  ﮔﺬﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻳﻦ ^ﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ  ﭘﺮ=ﺧﻮ ﻧﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮ =‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻴﺎ ﻧﺸﺎ‪ $^ J  $‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻣﺎﺟﺮ ‪ J‬ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺷﺪ= ‪ J‬ﭘﺮ= ﻣﻲﭘﺮ ﺧﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ﻗﻴﻖ ﭘﺮ=ﺧﻮ ﻧﻲ ﻣﻌﻠﻮ‪ Q‬ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻟﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺳﺪ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‪ $^ J‬ﺑﻪ  ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﻮﻳﺎ‪ $‬ﻣﻲﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﺑﻌﺎ ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ ﺑﺰﮔﺘﺮ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﺳﺖ  ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ| ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ^‪ $‬ﻏﺎﻟﺒ ًﺎ  ﻗﻄﻊ ﻓﻘﻲ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻋﻼ= ﺑﺮ ﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﺮ ﻗﺪ| ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺮﺷﺪ  ﺑﭽﻪ ﻣﺮﺷﺪ  ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮ‪ J‬ﭘﺮ= ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮ‪ J‬ﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺑﺎﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻓﺰ ﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺖ ﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﺟﺰ ‪ J‬ﭘﺮ=  ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺎ‪ Y‬ﺗﻔﺎ ^‪ $‬ﻓﺰ ﻳﺶ ﻣﻲﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻨﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ  ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ  ﻣﺘﻮ ﻟﻲ   ﻣﺘﺪ ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺎ ﻧﺸﺪ= ﻧﺪ  ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮ‪  $‬ﮔﺎ= ﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﺎﻳﺨﻲ ﻣﺘﻔﺎ| ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ|‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺮ=  ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ ﻛﺎ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪  ،‬ﻳﻦ  ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪ| ﻣﺘﻜﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻧﻘﺎ‪V‬‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺑﻌﺎ ﺑﺰگ  ﺳﺘﻔﺎ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﻜﺮ  ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺖ  ﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞ  ﻧﻘﻞ ﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﻃﻮﻣﺎ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺷﺪ=  ﻧﮕﻬﺪ ‪ J‬ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ  ﺟﺮ  ﺑﺰ  ﻣﻮ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ= ‪ J‬ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﺳﺖ  ﺗﻔﺎ| ﺻﻠﻲ  ﻋﺪ‪ Q‬ﺳﺘﻔﺎ=  ﻗﺎ  ﭼﺎﭼﻮ ‬ ‫^ﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ  ﺣﻤﺎﺳﻪ‪ J‬ﻋﺎﺷﻮ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻲﻫﺪ‬ ‫ ﻫﻤﻮ =  ﻣﻀﻤﻮ‪ $‬ﻋﻤﺪ= ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮ ‪ $‬ﺻﻠﻲﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﺎﻟﺲ ﻳﻦ ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ‪ Q J‬ﺣﻀﺮ| ﻋﺒﺎ‪  ()Y‬ﻳﮕﺮ‪ J‬ﺻﺤﻨﻪ‪ J‬ﺷﻬﺎ|‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮ| ﻋﻠﻲ ﻛﺒﺮ)( ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﻮ‪ $‬ﺻﺤﻨﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺑﻬﺸﺖ  Ÿ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺟﺮ ‪J‬‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻄﺎ‪ $‬ﻗﻴﺲ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ  ‪ $‬ﻣﺄﻣﻮ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ‪ Q‬ﺿﺎ)( ‪  ...‬ﺑﻌﺎ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﺘﺮ  ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ|‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺮ=  ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ  ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ  ﻧﮓ^ﻣﻴﺰ‪ $^ J‬ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﭘﺮ ﺧﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‪  J‬ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ ﺻﻮ| ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮ‬

‫ ﺳﺎ=ﺗﺮ ﻛﺎ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺑﺪ‪ /0‬ﻗﻢ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻲ)(‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ?‪ 0‬ﻗﺮ‪ /‬ﺳﻴﺰ?ﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮ&‪ %‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮ   ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮ ‪1386‬‬

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‫ﺷﻴﻮ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺣﺠﻢﭘﺮ ‪  J‬ﻧﮓ^ﻣﻴﺰ‪  J‬ﻗﻠﻢﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﺳﺎ=ﺗﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ^ﺛﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪  J‬ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐﺑﻨﺪ‪J‬ﻫﺎ ﺳﺎ=  ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ ﺻﻠﻲ  ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻓﺮﻋﻲ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﺘﺮ ﻛﺎ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ  ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ ﻳﺠﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻲ  ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ  ﻫﻤﺎﻧﺎ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻳﻚ ﺳﺖ ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ ﺷﻜﺎ‪  V‬ﺟﻮ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻢﮔﻴﺮ‪  J‬ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ^ﺛﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻲﻫﺪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﺪ‪ /0‬ﻗﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ)( ‪ 0‬ﺣﻀﺮ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺻﻐﺮ)(‪ ،‬ﺳﻠﻄﺎ‪ /‬ﻛﺮﺑﻼ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ‪ ،4‬ﺗﻬﺮ ‪:/‬‬ ‫&ﻳﻦ ‪ 0‬ﺳﻴﻤﻴﻦ‪.1382 ،‬‬

‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺖ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﺳﺎ‪ J‬ﻛﺘﺐ  ﻳﺮﺑﺎ  ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺳﻼ‪ Q‬ﻣﺮﺳﻮ‪ Q‬ﺑﻮ= ﺳﺖ  ﻗﺪﻣﺖ‬ ‫^‪ $‬ﺑﻪ  ﻧﻲ ﺑﺴﻴﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ  ﻋﻬﺪ ﻗﺎﺟﺎ ﻣﻲﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ^ﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺗﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻛﺘﺐ  ﻋﺼﺮ ﻗﺎﺟﺎ ﺷﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﺪ=  ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮ‪ q‬ﺑﺎ ‪ j‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺗﻌﺰﻳﻪ   ‪ j‬ﻧﮕﺎ‪ X‬ﻣﺘﻮ‪ $‬ﺗﻌﺰﻳﻪ ^ﺛﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﻳﺮ ﻳﺒﺎ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﺎﻧﻲ ﮔﻤﻨﺎ‪  Q‬ﭼﻴﺮ=ﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺒﻊ ﻣﻲﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼ= ﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﺰﻳﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﻣﺼﻮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺮ‪  J‬ﻛﺘﺐ ﭼﺎپ ﻫﻨﺪﺳﺘﺎ‪ $‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎ‪k . = 1225 V‬‬ ‫ ﻛﻠﻜﺘﻪ ^ﻏﺎ ﺷﺪ= ﺑﻮ‪  ،‬ﻳﺮ ‪ $‬ﻧﻴﺰ  ‪ j‬ﻳﺎﻓﺖ  ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻟﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﻴﺮ ﺻﺎﻟﺢ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ‪ J‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ ^= ﺷﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ ‪ X‬ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ  ﻣﻌﻤﻮ َﻻ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ|  ژﮔﻮ‪  $‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮ  ﻣﺮﻛﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮ‪ J‬ﺻﺎﺑﻮ‪ $‬ﻳﺎ ﭼﺮﺑﻲ ﺳﺖ ‪ J‬ﺳﻨﮓ ﻳﺎ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‪ J‬ﻓﻠﺰ‪ J‬ﺳﻢ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻳﻦ ﻧﻮ ﺳﻨﮓ  ﺳﻨﮓ ﻟﻮ‪ ,‬ﻣﻲﻧﺎﻣﻨﺪ  ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﺻﻴﻘﻠﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪$^ J‬‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻮ‪  s‬ﻧﻘﺶﻫﺎ  ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ|  ﻧﻪ ﻳﺠﺎ ﻣﻲﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﻮ‪  X‬ﺧﻄﻮ‪ s‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺐﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﭼﺮﺑﻲ ﺳﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻴﺰ^ ﺑﺮ ^‪ $‬ﺛﺮ ﻧﻤﻲﻛﺮ‪ .‬ﺳﭙﺲ ﺗﺨﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓ  ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺎ‪  J‬ﺣﺪ ‪ 30 × 40‬ﺳﺎﻧﺘﻲﻣﺘﺮ  ﺷﺖ ﭘﺲ  ﺧﺸﻚ ﺷﺪ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪﻫﺎ  ﺗﺼﺎﻳﺮ  ﺧﻞ ﻇﺮ\ ﻣﺴﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎ‪ Q‬ﻛﻒ  ﻳﻮ =ﻫﺎ‪ $^ J‬ﻗﻴﺮ ﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ= ﺑﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻲﮔﺬ ﺷﺘﻨﺪ    ﺧﻞ ^‪ $‬ﺟﻮﻫﺮ ﻧﻤﻚ  ﺗﻴﺰ^ ﻣﻲﻳﺨﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﻧﻘﻮ‪  X‬ﻛﻠﻤﺎ| ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ=  ﺑﻘﻴﻪ‪ J‬ﺳﻄﺢ ﺳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺧﻮ= ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ  ﺷﺴﺖﺷﻮ‪ J‬ﺳﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﺑﺎﻧﺘﻴﻦ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ^ﻣﺎ= ﭼﺎپ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‬

‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺪ‪ $‬ﻣﺮﻛﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻠﻪ‪ J‬ﻧﻮ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﻞ ﭼﺎپ ^ﻏﺎ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻳﺮ ‪ $‬ﺑﺎ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ=  ‪  X‬ﻧﻪﻧﻮﻳﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ  ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻛﺐ ﭼﺮ ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ^ﻫﺎ = ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﻧﻮﺷﺘﻨﺪ  ﻛﺎﻏﺬ  ‪ J‬ﺳﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﻣﻲﮔﺮ ﻧﺪ  ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺎ ﺑﻪ ^‪ $‬ﻧﺘﻘﺎ‪  =  V‬ﺑﻘﻴﻪ‪ J‬ﻣﺮ ﺣﻞ ﻃﺒﻖ  ‪ V‬ﻣﻌﻤﻮ‪ V‬ﻃﻲ ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ‪J‬‬ ‫ ﺻﻼ‪ ,‬ﻃﺮ‪ ,‬ﭼﺎپ ﺷﺪ= ‪ J‬ﺳﻨﮓ ﻧﻴﺰ  ^ﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ= ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ ﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻳﻨﻲ  ﻟﺘﺰ ‪ Q‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﺸﺎ  ﺗﺮﻳﺞ ^ﻧﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺐ ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮ ﻣﻮ‪ $‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ| ﻳﻨﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮ‪ q‬ﻗﺮ^‪  $‬ﻛﺘﺐ ﺧﻼﻗﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻼﻣﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﻪ ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ‪  .‬ﻟﻴﻦ ﻛﺘﺎ ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪  $‬ﻛﺘﺎ ‬ ‫»ﻗﻤﺮ‪) «J‬ﮔﻠﺰ  ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻲ( ﻣﺴﻤﻲ ﺑﻪ »ﻛﻨﺰ ﻟﻤﺼﺎﺋﺐ« ﺛﺮ ﻣﻴﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺗﻘﻲ ﺗﺎﺟﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪ‪) J‬ﻣﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻤﺮ‪ (J‬ﻧﺎ‪ Q‬ﺑﺮ ﻛﻪ  ﺛﺎ‪  J‬ﻗﻌﻪ‪ J‬ﻋﺎﺷﻮ  ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎ‪$‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻲ ﺑﻮ= ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻛﺘﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻌﺎ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺗﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ‬ ‫ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻨﺸﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﻮ‪  $‬ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎ ﻣﻜﺎ‪ $‬ﺟﺮ ‪ J‬ﻗﻴﻖ   ﻛﺎﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﺳﺘﻲ ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﻲ ﻓﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲ^= ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﺪ‪ Q‬ﺟﻮ ﻧﻘﺎ‪  V‬ﭘﺮ=ﺧﻮ ‪ $‬ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺷﺮ‪,‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﻟﺰ‪ Q‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻀﻤﻮ‪  $‬ﻳﻚ ﭘﺮ= ﺣﺴﺎ‪ Y‬ﻧﻤﻲﺷﺪ=  ﻗﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ  ﻣﺠﺰ  ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﺘﻌﺪ  ﻳﻚ ﻛﺘﺎ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻛﺘﺎ  ﻋﻼ= ﺑﺮ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎ|‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ  ﭼﻬﺮ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻓﺮ‪  J‬ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‬ ‫ ﻟﻴﺎء ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻲﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻮ  ﺣﺎﻻ|  ﺣﺮﻛﺎ| ﺷﻜﺎ‪^  V‬ﺛﺎ ﻛﺘﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺘ ًﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﮕﻲ‬ ‫ ﺻﻮ‪ V‬ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ  ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪  J‬ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭼﻮ‪$‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﺟﻮ  ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻛﺘﺎ ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻔﺎ|  ﻧﻮ ﺑﺰ   ﻣﻮ ‬ ‫ ﻧﺪ =  ﺣﺬ\ ﻧﮓ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺼﺮ‪ J‬ﻳﮕﺮ‪ J‬ﭼﻮ‪ $‬ﺧﻂ  ﺑﺎﻓﺖ ﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻓﺮ  ﻧﻲ‬ ‫ ﺛﺮ ﻣﻲﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪ X .‬ﺳﺎ=ﺳﺎ‪  J‬ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ ﭘﻴﻜﺮ=ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬ﻗﻠﻢﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬‬ ‫ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ=  ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺻﻮ‪ V‬ﻧﮕﺎﮔﺮ‪ J‬ﻗﺪﻳﻢ  ﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ^ﺛﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎ ﺣﺴﺎ‪ Y‬ﻣﻲﮔﺮ‪.‬‬


‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﻮ ‪M‬‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮ= ‪ J‬ﻳﮕﺮ  ﻫﻨﺮ ﭘﻮﻳﺎ  ﺻﻴﻞ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ  ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪ $‬ﺑﺮ ﻳﻮ ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺎﻣﺰ =ﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺎﻳﺎ  ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻗﻄﻌﺎ| ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻛﭻ ‬ ‫^ﻫﻚ  ﭼﻮ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻣﺤﺪ  ﻣﺨﺘﺺ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺎ‪ q‬ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫  ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﻮ‪ X‬ﻳﻮ ‪ J‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﻛﻪ   ‪ J‬ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ﺳﺖ  ﻣﺮﺑﻮ‪ s‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ ﻗﻌﻪ‪ J‬ﻋﺎﺷﻮ ﻣﻲﮔﺮ ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪  $‬ﻧﻘﻮ‪ X‬ﺑﻨﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺎﻣﺰ = ﻳﺪ ﺻﻔﻬﺎ‪ $‬ﻧﺎ‪ Q‬ﺑﺮ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺳﺪ ﺣﺪ ﺳﺎ‪ 1097 V‬ﻫﺠﺮ‪ J‬ﻧﺠﺎ‪ Q‬ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻣﺎ‬

‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ M‬ﺳﺎﻳﻞ  ﺑﺰ  ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮ‪6‬‬ ‫  ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﻠﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪^ J‬ﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺠﺎ‪ Q‬ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﺣﻤﻞ ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺳﻴﺎ ﺑﻮﻧﺪ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ‪ J‬ﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻧﮓ  ﻏﻦ ﻧﺠﺎ‪Q‬‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ‪ V‬ﺟﻮ  ﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ‪ J‬ﺳﺎﻳﻠﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺷﻜﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ^ﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﺷﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺑﺰ ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﭼﻮ‪ $‬ﺳﻼ‪,‬ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺒﺎ=‪ ،‬ﻗﺒﻀﻪ‪J‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺸﻴﺮﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻏﻼ\ ^ﻧﻬﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺎﻳﻠﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻗﻠﻤﺪ ‪$‬ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺟﻌﺒﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎ ^ﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ  ﺟﻠﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺠﺎ‪ Q‬ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺘﻲ  | ﺷﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺰ   ^ﻻ| ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺖﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺨﺼﻮ‪ q‬ﻋﺰ  ‪ J‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ  ﻧﻤﺎﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ   ﭘﺎ= ‪J‬‬ ‫ ﻗﺎ| ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ  ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻛﺎ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻳﻦ ﺑﺰ  ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺖ   ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎ‪V‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺑﺮ ﺳﻴﻠﻪ  ﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ‪   J‬ﭼﻮﺑﻲ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺟﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﻠﻪ‪ J‬ﻧﮓ ﻏﻦ ﺑﻮ‬ ‫ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺑﺰ  ﻓﻠﺰ‪ J‬ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﺣﻜﺎﻛﻲ ‪ J‬ﻓﻠﺰ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﻼﺋﻢ ﻋﺰ  ‪ J‬ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﺟﺮ ‪ J‬ﺳﺎﻳﻠﻲ ﭼﻮ‪ $‬ﺟﻌﺒﻪﻫﺎ  ﻗﻠﻤﺪ ‪$‬ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺟﻠﺪ ﻛﺘﺎ ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺰ ‪ J‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﮓ ﻏﻦ ﺑﻮ   ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺎ‬

‫ﻣﺮ   ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮ ‪1386‬‬

‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ M‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ‪ :‬ﻫﻔﺖ ﻧﮓ‬ ‫  ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻲﺗﻮ ‪^  $‬ﺛﺎ ﻣﻮﺟﻮ  ﺗﻜﻴﻪ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎ‪ $‬ﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻧﺸﺎ= ﻧﺎ‪ Q‬ﺑﺮ‪^ ،‬ﺛﺎ ﻧﺎﺑﻮ ﺷﺪ= ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻪ‪ J‬ﻣﺸﻴﺮ ﺷﻴﺮ  ﻧﻴﺰ ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭘﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﺖﺗﺮﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ‪ J‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﻮ= ﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﻧﻮ ﻧﮕﺎ=ﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻼ\ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ J‬ﻳﺎ ﭘﺮ=‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ ﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎ‪  V‬ﭘﺮ=ﺧﻮ ‪ $‬ﻧﺪ ﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ  ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ  ﻛﺎﺑﺮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ| ^‪ $‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺳﺘﻔﺎ= ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺧﺎ‪  q‬ﻧﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﺮ ﻳﻦ ﻧﻮ ﻧﮕﺎ=ﻫﺎ  ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮ‪^ J‬ﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎ ﻣﻬﻢ  ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪ=  ‪.‬‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﻫﻔﺖ ﻧﮓ ﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ  ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ﻣﻌﻤﺎ‪  J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﺮ ‪ $‬ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ  ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺷﻲﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﺮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ  ﺑﻌﺎ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻲ ^‪  $‬ﭘﺎﻧﺰ= ﺳﺎﻧﺘﻲ ﻣﺘﺮ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪  .‬ﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮ=‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻟﻌﺎ ﺳﻔﻴﺪ ﻟﻴﻪ  ﻛﻮ= ﭘﺨﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ=  ﭘﺲ  ﭘﺨﺖ ﻟﻴﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻮ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ‪ J‬ﻗﻄﻌﺎ| ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮ  ﭘﺲ  ﻃﺮ‪ ,‬ﻧﺪ ‪ J‬ﻧﻮﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻢﮔﻴﺮ‪  J‬ﻧﮓ^ﻣﻴﺰ‪ J‬ﺳﺖ‪  .‬ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‪ J‬ﻧﮓ^ﻣﻴﺰ‪ ،J‬ﻧﮓﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻲ‬ ‫ ﻧﺘﺨﺎ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ  ﻧﻮﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ   ^‪$‬ﻫﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ | ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﻲ ﻳﺠﺎ ﻧﺸﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮓﻫﺎ  ﻧﻮ ﻧﮓ ﻟﻌﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ   ﭘﺨﺖ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﺖ ﺷﻮ  ﺣﺮ |‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﻳﻜﺴﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﺳﻄﻮ‪ ,‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﻟﻌﺎ ﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻲﺷﻮ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ=‪ J‬ﻧﮓ ﺟﺬ ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﮔﺮ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ=‪ J‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻲ ﻧﮓ ﻟﻌﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻲﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ  ﺑﻪﻛﺎﮔﻴﺮ‪ $^ J‬ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ| ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﮓ  ﻏﻦ ﺟﻮ ﻧﺪ ﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ=  ﻧﮓﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺘﻨﻮ  ﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮ= ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﮔﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻄﻼ‪ ,‬ﺑﻪ ^‪ $‬ﻧﺎ‪Q‬‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺖ ﻧﮓ ﻃﻼ‪ k‬ﺷﻮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﻛﭻ  ^ﻫﻚ  ﭼﻮ  ﻳﺮ ‪ $‬ﻏﺎﻟﺒ ًﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﺗﻤﭙﺮ ‬ ‫‪ J‬ﺳﻄﺢ ﮔﭻ ﺧﺸﻚ ﻧﺠﺎ‪ Q‬ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮ‪ .‬ﻻﻳﻪ‪ J‬ﺑﺴﺘﺮ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﻮ ‪$  J‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺟﺎ ﻣﻌﻤﻮ ًﻻ ﮔﭻ ﺳﺖ   ﻣﻮ ‪ J‬ﻛﻪ ﺛﺮ  ﻣﻌﺮƒ ﻃﻮﺑﺖ ﻗﺮ   ﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬

‫  ﻻﻳﻪ‪^ J‬ﻫﻚ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ= ﺷﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪^ .‬ﺛﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮ= ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻔﺎ|‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮ ﻣﺎ‪ J   $‬ﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‪J‬‬ ‫ﺷﺪ= ﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ   ‪ J‬ﺗﻨﻮ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ‪ J‬ﻣﻬﻢ ^‪ $‬ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ  ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ| ^ﺛﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﻮ ‪ J‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺑﺮ ﻣﻜﺎ‪ $‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻣﺜﺎ‪  V‬ﺗﻜﺎﻳﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﻣﻌﺎ‪ $‬ﻟﻤﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺖ ﺑﺮﮔﺰ ‪ J‬ﻣﺮ ﺳﻢ ﻋﺰ  ‪^ ،J‬ﺛﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻦ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻮ‪ s‬ﺳﺖ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﺳﻘﺎﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻏﻠﺐ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺣﻀﺮ| ﺑﻮ ﻟﻔﻀﻞ)( ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ ﭘﻴﻜﺮ=ﻫﺎ  ﺷﻜﻞ ﺑﺮﺧﻮ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ  ﻳﻦ‬ ‫^ﺛﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ^ﺛﺎ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ| ﺧﺎ‪ q‬ﻧﮓ^ﻣﻴﺰ‪  J‬ﺑﻌﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮ‪  q‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﺮ ﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺳﺎ=ﺗﺮ ﺷﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻮ ﺗﺰﻳﻴﻨﺎ| ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﮋ= ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﺳﺎ‪ J‬ﺑﺎ ﻧﻘﻮ‪ X‬ﺗﺰﻳﻴﻨﻲ  ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺰ ﻳﻲ  ﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﮓﻫﺎ  ﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺒ ًﺎ ﻧﺪ=ﺗﺮ  ﻋﻤﺪﺗ ًﺎ ﻫﻤﺮ = ﺑﺎ ﻗﻠﻢﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬ﺑﻪ  ﭘﻴﻜﺮ=ﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎ ﻣﻲﻧﺪ  ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﮕﻲ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰ ‪^ $‬ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ‪  $‬ﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﻣﺮ  ﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ‪^ .‬ﺛﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﮔﭻ ﺑﻪﺧﺼﻮ‪  q‬ﺑﻘﺎ ﮔﻴﻼ‪  $‬ﻳﻠﻤﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺄﺛﺮ  ﻧﮕﺎﮔﺮ‪ J‬ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺳﺖ  ﭘﻴﻜﺮ=ﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﻮﻣ ًﺎ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﺪ‪.‬‬

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‫ﺑﺪ‪ /0‬ﻗﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻧﻲﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﺟﻲ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺷﭙﺰ‪ .31 ،‬ﻣﺼﻴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺑﻼ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻳﺦ ‪ 1302‬ﻫﻪ‪ ،X .‬ﻣﻜﺎ‪ /‬ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻴﻪ ﺑﻘﻌﻪ ﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻟﻨﮕﺮ‪.?0‬‬


‫ﻛﺘﺎ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮ   ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮ ‪1386‬‬

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‫ﻻﻳﻪ ‪ J‬ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﻻ…‪ ،‬ﺳﻄﺢ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪ= ﻣﻲﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻋﻠﻢ  ﻛﺘﻞﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﭘﺎﭼﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﺎﺑﺮ ﺳﻴﻌﻲ ﻧﺪ ﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻧﻲ ﺑﺮ ^‪ $‬ﺗﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻳﺪ= ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﭘﺎﭼﻪﻫﺎ  ﻳﺎ‪ Q‬ﻋﺰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎ ﻣﻮ ﺳﺘﻔﺎ= ﻗﺮ  ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ  ﻏﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺖﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻜﺎﻳﺎ  ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻴﻪﻫﺎ  ﺣﺘﻲ ﻣﻨﺎ‪ V‬ﺑﻮ= ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ| ﺧﺖ ‪ J‬ﭘﺎﭼﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮ|‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ ﻗﻠﻤﻜﺎ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮓ ‪ J‬ﭘﺎﭼﻪ ﺑﺪ‪ $‬ﺑﺴﺘﺮﺳﺎ‪J‬‬ ‫ ^ﻫﺎ ‪ $‬ﻧﺠﺎ‪ Q‬ﻣﻲﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ  ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ| ﺑﺮ ‪J‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﭼﻢﻫﺎ  ﻋﻠﻢﻫﺎ ﻋﻤﺪﺗ ًﺎ ﺳﺎ= ﺑﻮ=  ﻋﻼ= ﺑﺮ ^‪ $‬ﺟﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻤﺎﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ‬ ‫ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ  ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮ ﻳﮕﺮ‪  J‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺟﻮ   ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎ‘ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ‬ ‫ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎ‘ ﺟﺮ ﻣﺘﻔﺎ| ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻳﻦ ﻧﻮ ﻛﺎ ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﺑﺰ ‬ ‫ﺻﻮ| ﻧﻤﻲﮔﻴﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻤﻲﺗﻮ ﻧﺪ   ‪ J‬ﺳﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪ‪ J‬ﺧﺎﺻﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎ‘ ﺣﺠﻢ ^ﺛﺎ ﻗﺮ  ﮔﻴﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮ=‪ J‬ﻧﺎﺧﺘﻨﻲ ﺷﻲ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻧﮕﺎ ‪ $‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﻧﻤﻮ‪ $‬ﻧﺎﺧﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ‪ J‬ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺿﺨﻴﻢ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻘﻮ ﻃﺮ‪  ,‬ﺑﺎ ﻓﺸﺎ ﻧﺎﺧﻦ  ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ً ﺑﺪ‪$‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮ ﺣﻲ  ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺟﺮ ﻣﻲﻧﻤﻮﻧﺪ‪  .‬ﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ  ﻛﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﺎ‪ J‬ﻛﻪ ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻮ ﻣﻲ^ﻳﺪ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ  ﻛﺎ ﻓﺮ ﻓﺘﻪ  ﺑﺨﺸﻲ  ﻛﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲ^ﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﮔﻴﺮ‪M‬‬ ‫ ﺑﺮﺳﻲﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻧﺠﺎ‪ Q‬ﺷﺪ=  ﻣﻮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ|  ﺣﺠﻢ ^ﺛﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲﻧﮕﺎ‪  J‬ﺣﺠﻢ ^ﺛﺎ  ﻣﻮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎ| ﻳﻨﻲ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮ‪ q‬ﺋﻤﻪ ﻃﻬﺎ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﺎ‪ $‬ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲﻧﮕﺎ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻛﺸﺘﻲ  ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻳﺮ ‪ $‬ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻮ ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ  =‪ J‬ﺻﻔﻮﻳﺎ‪ $‬ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﻣﻲﺧﻮ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻨﮓ ﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ‬ ‫  ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﮔﺮﻫﻲ  ^‪ = $‬ﮔﺬ ﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ= ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﻀﺖ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻛﺸﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮ‪ J‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲﻧﮕﺎ‪J=  J‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺟﺎ  ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮ‪ X‬ﺑﻴﺎ|  ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺻﻮ|‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮ‪  .‬ﺷﺎﺧﻪﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻲ  ‪ j‬ﭘﻴﺪ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ  ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ ﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪ J‬ﺑﻮ‪ Q‬ﻳﺎ ﭘﺎﭼﻪ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﻗﻬﻮ=ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻬﻮ ﺳﺖ ﭘﺮ=ﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻳﺸﻲ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺎﺷﻲ ‪J‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮ   ﭼﺎپ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺻﻠﻲ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻲﻧﮕﺎ‪  J‬ﻣﻮ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ  ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﻓﺮ‪  J‬ﮔﺮﻫﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ^ﺛﺎ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﺮ‪ J‬ﻣﺮﺑﻮ‪ s‬ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﺮ|ﻋﻠﻲ)( ﻣﻲﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪  .‬ﻣﺮ ﺗﺐ ﺑﻌﺪ‪ J‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ ﻣﺎ‪ Q‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ)(‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﺮ| ﻋﺒﺎ‪  ()Y‬ﺣﻀﺮ| ﻋﻠﻲ ﻛﺒﺮ)(  ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮ‬ ‫ ﺧﺘﺼﺎ‪ =  q‬ﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞﻫﺎ‪ J‬ﮔﺮﻫﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮ‪ ,‬ﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﻤﺮ = ﺑﻮ=‬ ‫ ﮔﺎ= ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻳﻨﻲ  ﻳﻚ ﺛﺮ ﺣﻀﻮ  ﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‪:‬‬ ‫‪1‬ـ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻪ ﻟﻬﻲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻠﻲ ﻋﺎﺷﻮ  ﻫﻨﺮ ﻳﺮ ‪ ،$‬ﻣﺸﻬﺪ‪^ :‬ﺳﺘﺎ‪ $‬ﻗﺪ‪Y‬‬ ‫ﺿﻮ‪.105 q ،1377 ،J‬‬

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