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SEPTEMBER 2018

Whichever way you can pack it in and transport it,

!

Don't Forget the ICE


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September 2018 Vol. 201 │ No. 9 ISSN #0034-3137

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EDITORIAL STAFF Editor/Publisher Mary Y. Cronley refrigerationmag@gmail.com (404) 819-5446 Senior Staff Writer Joe Cronley cronley.joe@gmail.com (404) 295-5712 Art Direction Markurious Marketing info@markurious.com (678) 439-6534

ADVERTISING, SUBSCRIPTIONS, ACCOUNTS Mary Y. Cronley Editor/Publisher refrigerationmag@gmail.com (404) 819-5446 Established as ICE in 1906, Refrigeration Magazine™ is published thirteen times a year, including the Annual Buyer's Guide. Postmaster: Send notice by form 3579 to: Refrigeration Magazine 2930 Cedar Knoll Drive Roswell, GA 30076 Annual Subscriptions: US: $49/year or $79/two years International: $79/year Single Copies: $6/copy

Copyright © 2018 by REFRIGERATION Magazine™. All rights reserved.

FEATURES

5

SUPPLIER SPOTLIGHT

6

PIVOTAL GENERATION

7

FOOD SAFETY

8

FAMILY BUSINESS

Vogt Ice Focuses on Future

Why and How You Need to Start Focusing on Generation Z Now

IPIA Works for Its Members and the Ice Industry

Trainham Ice

12

SAFETY

16

PLANT MAINTENANCE

Factors to Consider When Considering NH3 Refrigerant

Shutting Down Your Refrigeration System: 10 Tips For Shutting Down a Refrigeration System

DEPARTMENTS

4 spICE

Thoughts In The WInd

21 CALENDAR

Upcoming events

22 AD INDEX

A list of our advertisers

22 CLASSIFIED ADS

Classified advertisements by region

FIND OUT MORE AT refrigeration-magazine.com OR CONNECT WITH US AT facebook.com/refrigeration-magazine REFRIGERATION Magazine │ September 2018 3


spICE

I

Thoughts In The WInd This month has been busy with storms, no doubt. Florence followed on the heels of Gordon, and by the time you read this, there will probably be another one looming toward the coast. We work in an industry much like first responders. We sell a product that is needed when the lights go out in natural disasters. Ice men know where each other are when and if excess ice is needed, and work together to get the product to the people and agencies who request them. I’ve always enjoyed the tight kinship shown among the producers of manufactured ice, and one on one, I find so much in common with each person. We become neighbors ‘over the phone’ and share other important factors of our lives vs what type of ice machine do you have? (My standard ice breaker.) In that spirit, there will be a lot to talk about, I’m sure, when the IPIA meets in Nashville for its upcoming annual convention. Those who have the budget to do so, should definitely attend and meet your neighbors, hear the latest on technology and government regulation efforts of your product, to keep it clean and healthy for everyone. Call Jane at IPIA for more details, or visit packagedice.com to see what’s planned. You may register on-site as well. Inside Refrigeration this month, we also look at the good and bad of ammonia as refrigerants. There is a lot to consider in NH3 and we have it all spelled out for you. I guess my favorite article this month has to do with shutting down your refrigeration equipment. Initially we were going to run this when the thaw began last March and April, but like a hurricane, we got swept up in all things that life passes to us, and it was put off. It’s still good. Take a look. I have always enjoyed this industry. It’s the people I guess. I have good memories. God bless.

Mary Yopp Cronley Editor, Refrigeration Magazine

4 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018


SUPPLIER SPOTLIGHT

Vogt Ice Focuses on Future HFC refrigerants are experiencing a phase-out in a variety of markets across the globe due to their high global warming potential (GWP). This forces OEMs to build forward thinking business strategies when selecting a replacement refrigerant for use in their equipment. The catch with synthetic refrigerants in ice machines is to find the perfect balance between something that will work well in the application and be available for purchase for the foreseeable future. Finding this balance has been Vogt’s focus. Vogt’s long-term refrigerant solution is to use HFO blends that are similar in properties to R134a. These hydroflouroolefin-based refrigerants have very low GWPs that are in line with the EU F-Gas Regulation phase-down and with projected refrigerant regulations in the United States. In November 2017 at the IPIA, Vogt introduced the HFO10. This is the first Tube-Ice machine designed to run on an HFO blend (R513A). This blend, along with other R134a-like HFO blends, are expected to be long term synthetic refrigerant solutions, but are likely to evolve to find themselves replaced by pure HFO refrigerants of the R1234 family. This family of pure HFOs will be retrofittable to the HFO10, giving it a secure and well-defined future as the market evolves. In addition to environmental benefits, the HFO10 operates at lower head pressures (approx. 130 psi), putting less overall stress on the system. Vogt utilizes Bitzer’s innovative CSH semi-hermetic compact screw compressor – a robust design that is more reliable than a reciprocating compressor. A further benefit of the CSH is that it is quieter when operating than the equivalent reciprocating design. Energy efficiency remains excellent with the machine consuming as little as 2.68 KWH per 100 lbs of ice produced. The HFO10 is just the beginning of Vogt’s new focus to innovate and to introduce superior products to the marketplace.

LEARN MORE REFRIGERATION Magazine │ September 2018 5


PIVOTAL GENERATION

Why & How You Need to Start Focusing on GENERATION Z Now By Renee M. Covino, Convenience Store News Generation Z

Generation Z will make up more than 40 percent of buying power by the year 2020. The generation after millennials, Generation Z — made up of those born from the mid-1990s to the early 2000s — currently accounts for 25 percent of the U.S. population, making it a larger cohort than baby boomers or millennials. Gen Z, or Pivotals as consumer trends consultancy FutureCast also calls them, range in age from pre-tween to 21, and they already claim more than $40 billion in buying power. Forward-thinking convenience store operators would be wise to gain the loyalty of these consumers now, especially considering that Gen Z prefers shopping in-store vs. online. "Generation Z is constantly connected to technology, which retailers may find intimidating to overcome when it comes to in-store engagement. However, our study found that this group is longing for retailers to provide an engaging in-store experience. In fact, when given the choice, the majority prefer shopping in-store vs. online," said Bharat Rupani, president of San Diego-based Interactions, which recently released its Next Generation of Retail study. Some other trends the Interactions study uncovered are that Gen Z consumers are very price-conscious and prefer to spend money on experiences vs. material items, and they are not brand loyal (81 percent are willing to switch from their favorite brand if they find a similar product at a higher quality). So, how can convenience store operators attract and retain Gen Z consumers? Convenience Store News polled various retail, consumer and convenience industry experts and here’s what they had to say: TREAT THIS CONSUMER GROUP LIKE VALUED CUSTOMERS despite their young age. Go after low-hanging fruit like free Wi-Fi and clerks who greet them. CREATE ENGAGING IN-STORE EXPERIENCES. Think along the lines of snacks they can’t find anywhere else.

6 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

CREATE NEWSWORTHY POP-CULTURE EVENTS around a wide variety of ethnic and international foods; Gen Z is a very diverse group. LEVERAGE TECHNOLOGY IN WAYS THAT APPEAL TO GEN Z, such as the availability of Apple Pay at the counter. The idea is to create a journey whereby they can get in and out without looking up much from their phones. PROMOTE AND ADVERTISE THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA; work with "influencers" as part of the strategy. Don't waste time on TV advertising as they're not really watching. PRESENT THE VERY BEST MOBILE SHOPPING EXPERIENCE POSSIBLE; pay attention to content and image guidelines from outsourced professionals, if necessary. Brace yourself and your store for 2020 when the Zs are predicted to be the driving force of the consumer world. The rise of digital has already positioned Gen Z to be "the most vocal and influential generation yet," said Yakir Gola, co-founder and CEO of goPuff, an on-demand convenience delivery service that currently serves such cities as Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Boston, Washington, D.C., Atlanta, Denver, Phoenix, Seattle and Portland. "While they may not be the ones funding their purchases, per se, their ability to influence what their friends and family might purchase is strong — almost viral," Gola said. "By 2020, when Gen Zs have progressed in their careers and have their own disposable income, they will no doubt be the main force of the consumer world." RM


FOOD SAFETY

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IPIA Works For Its Members And The Ice Industry

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Jane McEwen, Executive Director of the International Packaged Ice Association, published this Public Affairs Update in her recent IPIA Newsletter. We thought you would find it interesting, what the IPIA does to keep our industry clean, safe and properly recognized. And don’t forget the upcoming IPIA Convention in Nashville, Tn., November 5-8th. Jane can be reached at jane@packagedice.com

“Last week I traveled to Washington, DC to join Chris Lamond for a meeting with food safety officials at the Food and Drug Administration. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the FDA’s oversight over our industry and, specifically, to get an update from them on the various food safety issues that are critical to the IPIA. “The good news is that our reception was very welcoming. In the past, we have had meetings that weren’t as transparent or helpful as was our gathering last week. We met with (or accompanied over the phone) by eight FDA officials, including Bill Jones, Acting Director of Office of Food Safety at the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) and Doug Stern, Director of Regulatory Affairs at CFSAN. It was clear that the FDA wanted to hear from us and it was also clear that they share our concern over the safety of packaged ice produced both at wholesale and retail and the cleaning and sanitization of commercial ice machines. They even admitted that dirty ice machines are an issue. “The FDA offered to work with us to improve the level of awareness for our concerns – both internally at the FDA and with the consumers. We will be following up with them to take advantage of all opportunities they discussed. In leaving the meeting we genuinely felt that the FDA staff clearly understood where we stand on all of our issues, which is a new feeling for us.” RM REFRIGERATION Magazine │ September 2018 7


FAMILY BUSINESS

Before My Time

Trainham Ice of Goree, Texas wouldn’t exist if Trainham Grocery hadn’t first. TJ and Trudy Trainham bagged their own ice to sell in the grocery store while their son Kent sold the surplus. Both TJ and Trudy were known for their kind, gentle demeanor and hard work ethic. Kent took over the grocery store in the early 90’s, when his father passed away. The small town was passing away, as well. And due to the economy, the grocery store closed. Trainham Ice Distributors lived on, though. “I remember back in the early eighties when I worked for Trainham Ice and Grocery Store, it

8 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

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Tammie Trainham lost her partner and husband, Kent Trainham, Feb. 3, 2017. She has remained hardworking in the ice industry, and it was a pleasure to get to know her a little better in preparing this article. Refrigeration Magazine thanks Tammie for what she shared with us recently. We hope you enjoy her story.

was just me and Kent delivering ice to our customers in a little green pick up and a trailer. Walter and Jr. Castorena would help us after school. Said employee Baldo Campos, “Oh gosh, Tammie Trainham! We just had a little ole’ ice machine in the back of the store! We didn't even have a walk-in freezer! We would just bag ice (I’m thinking maybe 50 bags a day, lol) and we would put it in the trailer that we kept plugged in the back.” Another memory comes from family friend, Lance McWhorter: “He had those machines that Daddy and I helped put in. They were stacked on top of each other over on the North wall. They came out when he put the 2 “new” ones (Vogt 5 ton machines) in mid-90’s.”


REFRIGERATION Magazine │ September 2018 9


Our Time

Tammie remembers, “1996 marks the spot in the road where Kent and I had our blind, double date. It was a Thursday and an extremely cold like ice Halloween, I might add, when we went on our first date to a Junior High football game in Archer City, Tx. If we had not been fond of one another it would have been a miserable experience.” Later in the evening, we warmed our toes at Bennigan's in Wichita Falls, Tx. The receipt is still in my billfold, and no I didn't pay. Two things stick out in my memory. First, I ordered a hot chocolate and they brought me a cup of hot water and a package of mix. After seeing the disappointment on my face, Kent sent it back to be fixed just the way I wanted it...whipped cream and all. Lastly, Kent prayed before the meal in the midst of an atmosphere of the holiday haunts and howling. I was impressed!” The date ended with the two of us all alone in his pickup truck, not the green one, the gold one. He turned, for what I thought was gonna be a big sloppy one, and asked if we could pray for God's will in this friendship. Did he kiss me? I'll never tell! What I will tell you, we married February 14, 1997. Which I NOW know to be the SLOWEST month of an iceman’s calendar.” “I never knew my father in law, TJ, but I hit a homerun with my mother-inlove! Trudy has always been a Naomi to my Ruth! She has been a graceful, steady, wise prayer warrior all the days

of my married life of twenty years and Kent was my Boaz. When we said ‘I do’, she said, ‘I don’t’. She was more than pleased to hand over the 941 Form and such. I had a bachelor’s degree from Texas Tech in Coaching and Teaching, NOT Bookkeeping. My mother was my wheelchair, walker and numbers crutch. She schooled me and I became an ice lady for my iceman.” “Through the years, we’ve grown one satisfied customer at a time, except for two occasions where we bought other ice businesses. The pickup and trailer turned into a few trucks. It was a big deal when we palletized. It was an even bigger deal, when we increased production and storage. I loved getting away from the desk and playing in the concrete and on the forklift.” In August of 2011, the big brick grocery store building burned to the ground. Who knew that you could run an ice business for eight months without water, a timeclock or a freezer? Well, you can thanks to friends in the ice business and great employees.

"Time and tide wait for no man." - Geoffrey Chaucer

In the Summer of 2016, Kent announced to me that he wanted to retire. I rebutted, “Well, let’s look at that this Winter.” He jested, ‘I want to lock the door and not come back tomorrow’. My wide-eye replied, ‘I’m forty-six and I don’t think I can quit or retire.’ In light of this news, I dusted off the college transcripts and resume’ to pick up my career where I’d left

Where a beautiful soul has been, there is a trail of beautiful memories… Ronald Reagan

10 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

off, but my heart wasn’t in it. After much thought, I decided to ask him. ‘Kent, can I do it?’ His answer went something like, ‘Ice? Well yes, this and that would be a major struggle, but in here and there you’d be better than me.’ In the Fall, we hired a secretary and I started learning Kent’s side. In conjunction, we transitioned into a new route system which caused us to tweak and refine our customer list, schedules and anything in between. We hit the download on things in his brain and put it on paper and into my brain. Then, as if God and Kent had planned it, on a chilly, slowest-month-for-anice-guy, February day at his favorite place, with his favorite dog, he slipped away from us and into heaven. A-Fib might’ve jumped from his heart and into all of ours because we were numb.

My Time

So, here we are leaning on God, family, Body of Christ, employees, and friends in the ice business doing this thing called ice. RM


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FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN CONSIDERING NH3 REFRIGERANT r's N ote

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Fall is the time when packaged ice producers think about slowing down, the time when they begin to assess what changes need to be made for the next season. A gigantic decision, which impacts in multiple areas, is the question of NH3, R-717, the granddaddy of all refrigerants, ammonia. While smaller plants typically run a synthetic refrigerant, there are many factors to weigh if considering a major renovation or rebuild using ammonia. This article details a broad list of considerations.

The Good about Ammonia as a Refrigerant

Ammonia offers three distinct advantages over other commonly used industrial refrigerants. First, ammonia is naturally occurring and therefore environmentally compatible. Second, ammonia has superior thermodynamic qualities, as a result ammonia refrigeration systems use smaller pipe sizes and require less heat transfer area and hence use less electricity – ammonia is approximately 15-20% more efficient than its HCFC counterparts. Third, ammonia’s recognizable strong pungent odor is its greatest safety asset. Unlike most other industrial refrigerants that have no odor, ammonia’s odor makes leaks more easily detectable. Besides the three distinct advantages above, ammonia is also cheap and not as flammable as other chemicals sometimes used as refrigerants, such as propane and butane.

The Bad about Ammonia as a Refrigerant

The major disadvantage of ammonia as a refrigerant is its toxicity. Due to ammonia’s hygroscopic nature, it migrates to moist areas of the body, including the eyes, nose, throat and moist skin and may cause severe burn 12 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

injuries. Skin and respiratory-related diseases are aggravated by exposure and even possible fatality at higher concentrations. Liquid ammonia will cause frostbite since its temperature at atmospheric pressure is -28 degrees F. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) Permissible Exposure Level (PEL) is an 8-hour time weighted average of 50 parts per million (ppm). The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health has established Immediately Dangerous to Life Levels at 300 ppm for the purpose of respirator selection. Concentrations of 5000 ppm can be lethal. The American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) has developed Emergency Response Planning Guidelines (ERPGs) for toxic substances to assist in planning for catastrophic releases to the community. The ERGP-2 represents the concentration which individuals


ICE SCULPTING SAFETY

could be exposed to for one hour without irreversible or serious health effects and was set at 200 ppm for ammonia. Ammonia vapors are a fire and explosion hazard at concentrations between 16% and 25%. Mixtures involving ammonia contaminated with lubricating oil from the system, however, may have a much broader explosive range. A study conducted to determine the influence of oil on the flammability limits of ammonia found that oil reduced the lower flammability limit as low as 8%, depending on the type and concentration of oil.

Synthetic vs. Ammonia System Setup The differences in ammonia refrigeration include:

1 Paraffin based oils used in ammonia

systems attract welding slag and dirt and therefore must be changed on a routine basis.

2 Ammonia is corrosive to copper, so

copper, brass and bronze cannot be used in ammonia refrigeration systems. Your metal choices are typically mild steels, stainless steels, and nickel.

3 Unlike normal cooling compression

refrigeration systems, the ammonia systems utilized in refrigeration and cold storage facilities cannot tolerate time delays for cooling to start, therefore ammonia systems require pressurized storage vessels to store liquid ammonia and allow for separation of vapor and liquid.

4 Synthetic refrigerants typically

dislike water and require liquid desiccant dryers to remove moisture. Ammonia has an affinity for water and water both increases ammonia’s evaporation temperature and decreases its freezing point. However, too much water will cause the oil to turn to sludge, therefore

maintaining a water content of ≤ 0.4% is acceptable.

Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs), Electrical area classifications, Relief system design, design codes and standards, safety systems including detection, interlocks, and suppression systems, and recognized and generally accepted good engineering practices (RAGAGEP). • Conducting a proper Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) by an appropriate method. • Setting up an effective process safety management Program, including training and an adequate emergency response plan should an incident occur.

5 Motors utilized in ammonia

refrigeration system compressors are the open drive type and not hermetic due to ammonia’s incompatibility with copper.

6 Hot gas bypasses are not typically

utilized in ammonia compressor systems. The resulting high oil temperatures can cause thermal switches to shut down screw compressors and can lead to blackened heads on reciprocating compressors.

7 Excess water and air are

typically removed from ammonia refrigeration systems with the use of batch remediators and foul gas purgers.

Best Practices for Ammonia Plants

Ammonia System Safety

Ammonia can be safely used as a refrigerant provided the system is properly designed, constructed, operated, and maintained. Ammonia refrigeration facilities should be aware of the potential hazards of ammonia releases and be prepared to respond appropriately to releases should they occur. Hazard awareness can be enhanced by: • Ensuring that all the applicable process safety information is complete and up to date including: – Safety Datasheets (SDS) with all critical data/information. – Process technology including: block/process flow diagrams (PFDs & BFDs), process chemistry and operations, chemical inventories, and operating limits with ranges and what steps to take if deviate from normal operating limits. – Equipment and specification including: materials of construction, Process and

The following are some of the basic measures, that the Chemical Accident Prevention Group of EPA’s Region III recommends to be considered by ammonia refrigeration facilities that are not covered under OSHA’s Process Safety Management (PSM) standard 29 CFR 1910.119 to prevent releases or reduce the severity of releases that do occur • Establish training programs to ensure that the ammonia refrigeration system is operated and maintained by trained and knowledgeable personnel. • Consider using a spring-loaded ball valve (dead-man valve) in conjunction with the oil drain valve on all oil out pots (used to collect oil that migrates into system components) as an emergency stop valve. • Develop and require refrigeration maintenance personnel to follow written, standard procedures for maintaining the system including such routine procedures as oil draining. Consider developing in-house checklists to guide maintenance personnel while they execute these procedures.

REFRIGERATION Magazine │ September 2018 13


• N  ever remove oil directly from the refrigeration system without pumping down and properly isolating that component. • Provide barriers to protect refrigeration equipment, i.e., lines, valves, and refrigeration coils, from impact in areas where forklifts are used. • Develop and maintain a written preventive maintenance program and schedule based on the manufacturers recommendations for all of the refrigeration equipment. • Perform regular vibration testing on compressors. Document and analyze results for trends.

systems or retrofitting existing systems, consider the use of computer controls to monitor the process parameters. • K  eep an accurate record of the amount of ammonia that is purchased for the initial charge to the refrigeration system(s) and the amount that is replaced. Consider keeping a record of the amount of lubricating oil added to the system and removed from the system. • E  nsure that good housekeeping procedures are followed in the compressor/recycle rooms. Ensure that refrigeration system lines and valves are adequately identified (e.g., by color coding or labeling) by using an in-house system.

Ammonia can be safely used as a refrigerant provided the system is properly designed, constructed, operated, and maintained.

• • Investigate all reports of an ammonia odor and repair all leaks immediately. Leak test all piping, valves, seals, flanges, etc., at least four times a year. • Consider installing ammonia detectors in areas where a substantial leak could occur or if the facility is not manned 24 hours/day. • Replace pressure relief valves (PRVs) on a regular schedule (consult ANSI/IIAR Standard 2– Equipment, Design, and Installation of Ammonia Mechanical Refrigerating Systems); document replacement dates by stamping the replacement date onto each unit’s tag. • Ensure that the ammonia refrigeration system is routinely monitored. In designing new 14 REFRIGERATION Magazine │August 2018

• P  roperly post ammonia placards (i.e. NFPA 704 NH3 diamond) and warning signs in areas where ammonia is being used as a refrigerant or being stored (for example, compressor room doors). Properly identify the chemicals within the piping system(s); label all process piping, i.e. piping containing ammonia, as “AMMONIA.” Label must use black letters with yellow background (This requirement is not the same as the in-house color coding system). • P  eriodically inspect all ammonia refrigeration piping for failed insulation/vapor barrier, rust, and corrosion. Inspect any ammonia refrigeration piping underneath any failed insulation systems for rust and corrosion. Protect all un-

• •

insulated refrigeration piping from rust and/or corrosion by cleaning, priming, and painting with an appropriate coating. Carry out regular inspections of emergency equipment and keep respirators, including air-purifying and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), and other equipment in good shape; ensure that personnel are trained in proper use of this equipment. Consider using the compressor room ammonia detector to control the ventilation fans. Identify the king valve and other emergency isolation valves with a large placard so that they can easily be identified by emergency responders, in case of an emergency. These valves should be clearly indicated on the piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs) and/or process flow diagrams. Establish emergency shutdown procedures and instructions on what to do during and after a power failure. Establish written emergency procedures and instructions on what to do in the event of an ammonia release. Regularly conduct emergency response drills Stage a realistic response spill exercise with the local fire department Mount a compressor room manual switch outside of the compressor room and identify it with a placard for use in an emergency. Mount windsocks in appropriate places and incorporate their use into the facility emergency response plan. Keep piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs), process flow diagrams, ladder diagrams, or single lines up-to-date and incorporate them into training programs for operators. RM


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Shutting Down Your Refrigeration System By: Industrial Refrigerated Systems Ltd.

Tips

for shutting down a

Refrigeration System

It’s that time of year again, the time when the weather finally starts to get warmer and it becomes necessary to shut down your refrigeration system. There are many steps involved in properly shutting down your refrigeration system. Below we outline ten important tips. Missing any of these steps could cause serious problems restarting your chiller system in the spring.

1

2

REVIEW REFRIGERATION SYSTEM CONTROL PANEL FUNCTIONS

VERIFY OPERATION OF THE OIL FOR CRANKCASE HEATER

It does not make sense to shut down the system if there are any functions on the system that are not operating correctly. Review all functions from the system’s control panel to ensure that they are all in working order, if you find anything not working this is the perfect time to have these parts fixed.

This is the perfect time to ensure that proper operation of the oil in the crankcase heater. The crankcase heater must be energized for a given period to make sure that the refrigerant is separated from the oil. During the offcycle they are designed to boil off the refrigerant that has been absorbed by the oil.

PUMP DOWN REFRIGERATION SYSTEM & STORE REFRIGERANTS

COMPLETE AN OIL AND REFRIGERANT ANALYSIS

The next step involves “pumping down” the refrigeration system. Make sure when you drain the refrigerant you are storing it in the correct container. If using a synthetic refrigerant, assure that you are observing manufacturer capacity for each container. 16 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

Complete an oil and refrigerant analysis, as this will help identify issues with oil viscosity, moisture and acid in the refrigerant.

3

4


RH

WATER SHOULD BE ISOLATED AND DRAINED

5

As part of shut down procedure water systems should be isolated and drained. Once the draining process is complete, the system should be checked for refrigerant leaks. If anything is discovered this is the perfect opportunity to fix it.

6

COMPLETE A THOROUGH LEAK CHECK ON THE COMPRESSOR CIRCUIT Check the compressor itself for any possible leak spots. Any identified leaks should be repaired immediately to prevent refrigerant loss during shut down procedure. Winterization of the heat exchanger may be required to prevent damage as the compressor is subjected to subfreezing temperatures.

7

Proper maintenance of the fan coil units of your refrigeration system can heavily impact how efficiently the compressor performs. EXAMINE EQUIPMENT FOR CORROSION

9

Water exchange parts can be subject to corrosion from input water quality or metal degradation. Inspect your systems and if anything is found, take appropriate action to correct and or prevent the problem. We recommend taking the time to examine all equipment for corrosion and oil leaks. TAG THE SYSTEM OUT OF SERVICE

10

Once the circuit is completely shut down make sure to tag it as out of service. This is a good time to take an inventory of emergency spare parts and replenish any that are out of stock.

OIL AND GREASE MOVING PARTS Check the manufacturer’s guide, and oil and or grease any moving parts recommended. Tighten all electrical connections as loose connections can lead to overheating of components and premature failure.

8

CLEAN THE HEAT EXCHANGER AND CONDENSER COILS Proper maintenance of the fan coil units of your refrigeration system can heavily impact how efficiently the compressor performs. Make sure that the condenser coils are washed in a manner that will not cause damage to the fin. Refer to your manufacturer’s guide for specific recommendations and guidelines.

REFRIGERATION Magazine │ September 2018 17


CALENDAR

101st Annual IPIA Convention & Trade Show November 5-8 2018 JW Marriott Nashville, Tennessee

Mo. Valley/Southwestern Ice Association Joint Convention February 28 – March 3, 2019 Arlington Resort Hotel & Spa Hot Springs, Arkansas

18 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

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CLASSIFIEDS Ad Index

CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING

American Ice Equipment Exchange, aieexchange.com............................ 18 & 23

Rates are $1.00 per word, with a minimum charge. Any blind ads, with an assigned box number c/o publisher, add $10.00. Deadline for upcoming issue is the 1st of the previous month.

Classified Ads....................................................................................................... 23 – 26 Contract Refrigeration, jessenh34u@gmail.com..................................................... 17 Holiday Ice, holiday-ice.com.................................................................................... 11 Ice Systems & Supplies Inc. (ISSI), issionline.com............................................ 20 & 23 Ing-Tech Corporation (ITC), itcpack.com....................................................... 11 & 22 Keet Consulting Services, LLC (KCS), kcsgis.com...................................................... 7

For advertising and listing information, contact Mary at (404) 819-5446 or refrigerationmag@gmail.com.

Polar Temp, polartemp.com...................................................................... 15, 19 & 24 Polar Temp Block Maker, polartemp.com................................................................. 2 Vogt Ice, vogtice.com................................................................................................. 5

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• MARLEY TOWER W/ PUMP

• SS SHAKER W/ STAND

– 10% discount on Polar Temp parts when ordered with a merchandiser.

BLOCK MAKERS

BAGGERS

• LEER BL39 W/ REMOTE CONDENSER

• VLS - 510

– 10% discount on wire orders over 200 Lbs

Call the factory sales location near you today. CA 866-746-0437 CO 877-376-0367 TX 866-598-4206 TN 877-984-5945 GA 800-554-4852 SC 866-827-3232

VISIT US ONLINE AT POLARTEMP.COM

• TURBO BP-360 BLOCK PRESS

SUPPLIES • LEER ICE MERCHANDISERS IN STOCK • BAGS AND WIRE • PARTS • SPARE PARTS

• SLIP SHEET DISPENSER

• VL - 510

SCREW AND BELT CONVEYORS • HYTROL BELT CONVEYORS 10’ & 12’ • PORTABLE FOLDING INCLINE CONVEYOR MODEL R • POWER 90 BELT CONVEYOR

REFRIGERATION Magazine │ September 2018 19


CLASSIFIEDS



SOUTHEAST USED EQUIPMENT FOR SALE • • • • • • • • •

Vogt 1994 18XT 7/8 Vogt 218 7/8 W/C Vogt HE40’s 7/8 Vogt HE30’s 7/8 Vogt 118’s 5 Ton Ice Maker 7/8, W/ Vogt 9000 7/8, W/C Arctic Temp 4000 Lb Ice Maker Matthiesen VLS, Bottom Load Bagger, Galv Matthiesen VL510, Top Load Bagger, Galv

• Belt Conveyor, Hytrol TA 12’ • Belt Conveyor, Hytrol BA 16’ • 9x10 Galvanized Portable • • • • • • • •

Screw conveyor Amcot ST-25 Cooling Tower Marley 4821 Cooling tower Hamer 310 Form, Fill, & Seal Kamco 20 Ton Bin MGR 3000SD Stainless Bin Mannhardt 2801 Ice Bin Clinebell B56 Block Maker Clinebell S60 Blok Maker

• Clinebell CB300 300lb • • • • • •

Block Makers 10LB Ice Cans (45) 4.5” x 8” x 14”T Snow Cone Block Cans 1/2HP drop In Refrigeration Vivian Manual Block Press Kalamazoo 4000M-SA Stretch Wrapper Units 16lb Wicketed “misprint” Ice Bags 5lb Wicketed Ice Bags

AND MUCH MORE!

If you have discontinued ice bags or used equipment you would like to sell PLEASE CALL. SEE OUR USED EQUIPMENT WEB PAGE AT AIEEXCHANGE.COM. Call for surplus ice! Polar Temp Equipment Mike Landino - Toll free - 1-877-376-0367 E-mail (NEW ADDRESS): mlandino@polartemp.com Don’t forget to call if you have a quality piece of used equipment for sale.

USED EQUIPMENT FOR SALE • Turbo Tig 33 Ice Maker, 98 model • Mycom N6WB Compressors w/125 HP motors skid mounted with oil separators (used with Vogt P34AL ice makers) • Turbo CB38 Rake • Screw Conveyor Drive Packages for 9" and 12" conveyors (great condition) • Hammer RBC with conveyor • Stainless 9" and 12" screw conveyors • 21' Hytrol belt conveyor • Turbo CB87 with plastic chain and sprockets and stainless steel flights • Morris 18 ton Tube Cube Maker, R22, 2006 model complete with evap condensor 1" ice • Vogt 218, rebuilt in 2005, complete with cooling tower

20 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

"NEW" KAMCO PARTS Ice Systems & Supplies Rock Hill, SC Toll free (800) 662-1273 or (803) 324-8791


CLASSIFIEDS

NORTHEAST

USED EQUIPMENT FOR SALE 1-800-543-1581 modernice.com

Merchandiser Parts for all brands at competitive prices.

(877) 984-5945

VOGT ICE FOR SALE 5, 7, 16 & 40 lb. bags. Water is lab tested for purity. Delivery or pick-up. Six generations of quality.

Ice Makers • Vogt Ice Maker – P24A • Morris Ice Maker • Vogt Ice Maker – P118 • Turbo Ice Maker – CAR120 • Turbo Ice Maker – CF40SCER • Vogt Ice Maker – P418 • Vogt Ice Maker – HE30 • Kold Draft Ice Maker

Packaging • Matthiesen Heat Seal Bagger • Matthiesen Baler (3 Available) •H  amer Form, Fill, and Seal Machine - 310

Check our most recent inventory online at modernice.com!

Handling • Matthiesen Shaker Belt with Stand • Shaker •1  2” Stainless Steel Auger (Several Lengths) •1  2” Stainless Steel Shroud Trough Cover

EQUIPMENT FOR SALE Suction Accumulator - Chil-Con, Model #AA24084, 24” x 7’ high, with boil out coil – Like new condition $6,000.00

Long Island Ice & Fuel Corp.

Call (631) 727-3010

Receiver 12’ x 30” with warming loop used with Vogt ice makerLike new condition - $6,000.00 Toshiba 125 HP Motor, Premium Efficiency Contact Kyle at Long Island Ice & Fuel Corp.

YOUR AD HERE To place a classified ad, contact Mary at (404) 819-5446 or refrigerationmag@gmail.com.

(631) 727-3010 or (516) 790-6842

USED ICE MAKING EQUIPMENT FOR SALE Tig 85 SC, SN 941010, Alum panels Tig 33 SC, SN 910170 Alum panels CF 40 SC, SN 8325500 SS panels

ICE CARVING TOOLS Plastic liners for clear block makers $1.24/ea Reusable drip pans from $6.50/ea Over 500 items in stock for Ice Carvers

BF 3690, SN 7801300, SS panels Morris TNT SN 785-388 Alum panel

Contact Bob Morse @ Getchell Brothers, Inc. 800-949-4423, bob.morse@getchellbrothers.com

ICE FOR SALE Vogt Mini tube ice, 8, 20 & 40 lb. bags. All ice is screened, palletized & stretch wrapped. We deliver or you pick up. Our water is treated with ozone for sterilization. No chlorine added!

IceSculptingTools.com

or (440) 717-1940

Martin's Ice Company

Phone (717) 733-7968 or fax (717) 733-1981 PA

REFRIGERATION Magazine │ September 2018 21


CLASSIFIEDS

MIDWEST FOR SALE • 36 " x 8' suction accumulator, 150# vessel good cond.

WANTED Used trailer to haul frozen foods – small, only up to 12'

Email: info@WellsFamilyFarms.com

• 9- 36" 2 hp direct drive fans, 220 volt • 3 evaporators evapco two fan,

ICE FOR SALE

runs on ammonia, good condition

A Family Owned Ice Company

• 200 amp three phase 240 volt,disconnect

Tube Ice, 7, 10, 20, 22 lb Bags Over a million bags in stock. Shipped or Picked up

Contact Jim Riley

231-218-5868 or jriley417@gmail.com

PIQCS Plus Accredited Arctic Ice Inc. Call Steve Camenzind

(314) 989-9090

COSNER'S ICE FOR SALE A Family Owned Business 7 and 20 pound bags. PIQCS Accredited

Call 800-223-6345

SOUTHWEST FOR SALE S/S Vogt P18, Tube Ice-maker, ammonia, excellent working condition. Also 96" dia. x 20' HP vert. receiver new and factory sealed. Contract Refrigeration

FOR SALE

(210) 364-0229

• Universal Vibrating Screen 3’x5’ with 7/8” Screen Openings • Hamer 540 Roll Stock Assembly

Please email at jimmy@serv-ice.com or call 920-231-7784 and ask for Tom

22 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

YOUR AD HERE To place a classified ad, contact Mary at (404) 819-5446 or refrigerationmag@gmail.com.


CLASSIFIEDS

24 REFRIGERATION Magazine │September 2018

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Refrigeration Magazine - September 2018  

The September 2018 issue of Refrigeration Magazine features articles on plant maintenance, food safety, how to market to Generation Z and ot...

Refrigeration Magazine - September 2018  

The September 2018 issue of Refrigeration Magazine features articles on plant maintenance, food safety, how to market to Generation Z and ot...

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