Refrigeration Magazine - December 2020

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We picked several articles from this past year to share with you.

December 2020 Vol. 203 │ No. 12 ISSN #0034-3137

EDITORIAL STAFF Editor/Publisher Mary Y. Cronley (404) 819-5446 Senior Staff Writer Joe Cronley (404) 295-5712 Art Direction Markurious Marketing (678) 439-6534


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COVID NEWS FAA Issues Dry Ice Alert To Airlines Carrying Vaccines


CONVENIENCE STORE NEWS Second Wave of Pandemic Isn’t Providing Same Boost To C-Stores As First Wave Did


S WIA 2020 Convention - February 2020

15 Best Ice Feature

A tlanta Ice Carver Creates Frozen Masterpiece January 2020

Postmaster: Send notice by form 3579 to: Refrigeration Magazine 2930 Cedar Knoll Drive Roswell, GA 30076

Copyright © 2020 by REFRIGERATION Magazine™. All rights reserved.

BEST OF RM – 2020 11 B est Guest Editorial Continued Focus on the Future - May 2020 By Doug Carpenter, Automatic ICE Systems

12 Best Convention Recap

Established as ICE in 1906, Refrigeration Magazine™ is published thirteen times a year, including the Annual Buyer's Guide.

Single Copies: $6/copy



Mary Y. Cronley Editor/Publisher (404) 819-5446

Annual Subscriptions: US: $49/year or $79/two years International: $79/year


16 Best REFRIGERATION Magazine Cover Packaged Ice History - May 2020








So Long to 2020

A list of our advertisers

Classified advertisements by region




So Long to 2020 So we have the potential for a return to normal life. Not the promise of a return, just the potential. As of today, two companies have formally applied to the FDA, one of them also to the EU authority, to authorize use of their COVID-19 vaccines. If approved, they could start vaccinating people by the end of the year. There will be a limited supply of vaccine, and its distribution will be tightly controlled. Nobody is sure who gets it first, but consensus seems to be healthcare workers, followed by those in higher risk groups. We can expect that approval will come quickly, and that manufacturers will devote as much capacity as possible to the vaccine. Millions of doses will be available, so hopefully in early 2021 everyone will be able to start lining up. There are multiple COVID testing sites in most larger cities, and presumably they could begin to be testing/vaccination sites. Imagine driving into a tent, hanging your left arm out of the window, answering a few questions, getting your temperature and blood pressure taken, then getting a swab and a stick. There may be a followup dose (this part isn’t quite clear yet) but you’ll be in the computer and hopefully this will go smoothly too. So twelve months ago we were just hearing about this in China. Nobody in the United States cared too much yet. In January, we started limiting travel. February and March brought much wider actions and began shutdowns and limits to activities. April began massive shutdowns and Federal relief plans. Summer was a wash, a non-summer. Most people haven’t been to a movie, play, public gathering or taken an airplane flight since March. They didn’t take a vacation, rent a house, eat at that cute beach place or buy a t-shirt. On the other hand, go try to buy a bicycle, kayak, paddleboard or backpack. People have rediscovered the outdoors, as if it hadn’t been there the whole time. Potentially, it could all start to come back in the Spring. In less than twelve months we may go from first understandings of the issue to broad awareness to global shutdown to beginnings of recovery. That, friends, is truly a wondrous human achievement. The existence of a vaccine doesn’t mean automatic herd immunity, itself a risky term. The CDC says that fewer

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than 50% of adults get an annual flu vaccine. You don’t have to get one, and you probably can’t be required to get a COVID vaccine either. Some discussion, and it’s too early to tell, suggests that you may be required to prove immunization to get on a plane, to cross an international border, perhaps to eat in some restaurants or attend public functions. School systems may require it just like they do for basic childhood disease immunization. Nobody knows yet. Seems like a reasonable request, but there should be well established reasons based on science and medicine. Some people absolutely won’t get the vaccine. Good for them, it’s their right to keep their bodies intact. It’s the stadium’s right to keep them out of the football game, the airline’s right to keep them off the plane. Everything in life is a tradeoff of some sort. Their complaints will fall on deaf ears as the rest of the world wants to get on with being normal again. You have survived what was probably the worst summer of your career. Shortly after the first of the year, after the inauguration, it’s reasonable to expect a new PPP program, allowing you access to some cash. If you’ve survived this long, it should keep you afloat the rest of the way. In the Spring, the real spring when the snow melts and the trees get green, people may be willing to get back together again. The music and art festivals they missed last year will hopefully resume. The pool parties and boat weekends. The things they bought ice for. They may need a vaccine card to get into the music festival, but it will be available to them. We all hope the same thing: That we can return to a life that is what we know as “normal.” Hopefully they will all continue to bicycle or kayak or hike, these are wonderful things. But they will also go back to work, school, the movies and clubs, and we can look at this period in the rear view mirror.


REFRIGERATION Magazine │ December 2020 5


FAA issues dry ice alert to airlines carrying vaccines

By Eric Kulisch, Air Cargo Editor at Freightwaves

GUIDANCE DESIGNED TO MITIGATE CO2 POISON RISK FOR CREWS A big cargo plane with door open to load cargo. Photo from side, under wing on a sunny day. An Envirotainer being loaded in a Qatar Airways jet. Some Envirotainer thermal containers are cooled with dry ice and some use battery-powered refrigeration. (Photo: Jim Allen/ FreightWaves) Dry ice is a hot commodity. It is a primary way COVID-19 vaccines will be preserved during transport from the manufacturer to administration sites and for storage in some locations. But too much of a good thing can be hazardous in a confined space. On Wednesday, the Federal Aviation Administration cautioned commercial aircraft operators to pay close attention to the risk of carrying too much dry ice in the cargo hold. “Operators may plan to carry dry ice quantities larger than quantities they may carry during typical operations. This volume of dry ice may present risks that existing mitigations do not adequately address,” the agency said in a safety alert. The reason for the FAA’s concern is that dry ice is the solid form of carbon dioxide. Increasing the volume of dry ice may present risks that existing mitigations do not adequately address. Many COVID vaccine shipments kept at ultra-cold temperatures will require more dry ice to maintain safety and efficacy. That is especially true for the product developed by Pfizer (NYSE: PFE) and German partner BioNTech, which must be kept at minus 94 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 70 Celsius). A Food and Drug Administration advisory panel on Thursday

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recommended the agency grant the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine emergency use authorization. A vaccine from Moderna Inc. (NASDQ: MRNA) has temperature requirements of minus 4 F. By comparison, the typical seasonal flu vaccine is preserved at 35 to 46 degrees F (2 to 8 degrees C) — the temperature range for refrigerators. Vaccines moving by air are typically packed in large insulated containers with compartments for dry ice, although some types of equipment use batterypowered refrigeration systems instead. Dry ice breaks down and transitions to a gas at temperatures higher than minus 108 F (minus 78 C) under normal atmospheric conditions. At reduced pressures, like those in an airplane cabin, the sublimation rate of dry ice will increase. The risk is that gaseous CO2 will replace oxygen in the aircraft compartments and interfere with the crew’s ability to breathe. High levels of carbon dioxide can impair cognitive function and lead to asphyxiation, a concern for ground handling crews as well.

The risk of hazardous conditions depends on the amount of dry ice carried, the sublimation rate and the amount of available ventilation. The FAA recently granted United Airlines (NASDQ: UAL) permission to carry five times the normal amount of dry ice when operating in freighter-only mode, The Wall Street Journal reported. And South Korean regulators eased limits on dry ice, enabling aircraft operators to triple the number of coronavirus vaccine containers they can transport, according to Reuters. There is one aircraft in the world that can carry unlimited amounts of dry ice. As FreightWaves reported, the Russian-built An-124 super-freighter has a cavernous cargo hold that enables some CO2 to dissipate and a special ventilation system that is separate from the one used in the crew quarters. All-cargo carrier VolgaDnepr would like to use the planes to support the global vaccination campaign, but one plane was damaged in an accident and the rest of the fleet is grounded while authorities investigate the accident’s cause. RM

The FAA’s recommendations for mitigating the risk from dry ice include: Check with aircraft manufacturers on the maximum recommended dry ice quantities that the aircraft ventilation can accommodate, based on the sublimation rate. Accurately determine how quickly the dry ice will break down. That is essential to determine the correct quantity of dry ice that may be safely transported aboard an aircraft. As the dry ice sublimates, weight is lost, affecting the aircraft’s center of gravity. Make sure all air conditioning packs and auxiliary power units are fully operational to enable effective ventilation for ground operations and inflight contingencies. Install CO2 sensors

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Second Wave of Pandemic Isn’t Providing Same Boost to C-stores as First Wave Did As Americans entered into the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic they are entering it with less reverence than they did the first wave, and their spending reflects their sentiments. According to the latest monthly report from PDI and NACS on how COVID-19 is affecting consumer behavior, dollar sales at U.S. convenience stores fell slightly during the past four weeks due to consumers making fewer trips and spending less overall. Still, spend per transaction continued to outperform the year-ago period as it has done for much of the pandemic, NACS Daily reported. For the four weeks ended Nov. 29, dollar sales edged lower to 2.4 percent vs. 3.6 percent for the four weeks ended Nov. 1. Trips pulled back to -12.6 percent for the latest four-week period vs. -12 percent for the prior four-week period. Although basket spend, or dollars per transaction, is still higher than the same period a year ago (17.2 percent for the four weeks ended Nov. 29 vs. 17.7 percent for the period ended Nov. 1), consumers aren’t spending as much inside the store as they did during the first wave of the pandemic this spring and through September, according to NACS. The c-store categories that saw the biggest gains in trips for the four weeks ended Nov. 29 vs. Nov. 1 were: cigarettes (-10.5 percent vs. -11.5 percent); hot dispensed beverages (-28.7 percent vs. -29.3 percent); and packaged sweet snacks (-11.7 percent vs. -13.4 percent). The hardest-hit categories by trips were packaged beverages (-2.8 percent vs. -.8 percent); lottery/gaming (-14.4 percent vs. -9.3 percent); and candy (-12.5 percent vs. -10.8 percent). On a dollar basis for the four-week period ended Nov. 29 vs. Nov. 1, the categories with the biggest changes were: packaged beverages (7.4 percent vs. 10.2 percent); lottery/gaming (6.6 percent vs. 17.7 percent); and foodservice prepared on-site (-12.9 percent vs. -17.5 percent). NACS also found that unlike most months’ end, store services performed quite well during the week ended Nov. 29, likely tied to holiday shopping. Additionally, trips during the morning rush daypart between 7 a.m. and 9:59 a.m. were at 85 percent of prior-year trips, up about a percentage point when compared with the four weeks ended Nov. 1. RM

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About the Only Way to Stop a Polar Temp

When your ice merchandisers become your ice problem, it’s time you try Polar Temp. Refrigeration



Polar Temp checks all the boxes. Built stronger than the others, they are checked and re-checked before leaving our factory to give you years and years of trouble-free service. Quality and longevity are engineered into each merchandiser. For more information on our full line of Ice Merchandisers please call the factory sales office nearest you. GA: 800.554.4852 | CA: 866.746.0437 | CO: 877.376.0367 | NC: 866.827.3232 | TN: 877.984.5945 | TX: 866.598.4206



Matthiesen is a manufacturer of baggers, bucket elevators, balers, block presses, live bottom bin, belt conveyors, crushers, gravity bins, heat-sealers, rotating tables, shakers, snow reels, custom drying belts, screw conveyors and bagger takoff systems including the Magic Finger System. Contact us today to provide customized solutions for your plant through our research and development, technical service, and experienced professional staff. 10 REFRIGERATION Magazine │ December 2020

the name you’ve come to trust



Continued Focus on the

By Doug Carpenter, President & CEO Automatic ICE™ Systems

Just days before the virus that changed the world began to change our reality, we released our spring Cold Standard Newsletter. The lead article in this newsletter is titled Focused on the Future. This release came when I was in New York directing and working on a very challenging project install. As my team and I overcame what seemed to be insurmountable equipment install challenges, and we were just starting to look forward to finalizing the equipment install and returning home, the world changed.

AIS team members installing new equipment in New York City, March 2020

Just a few days before our scheduled departure from New York, the president came on the television to tell us of our new reality. As we tried to make sense of the new world we suddenly found ourselves in, we knew we had to do our best to finish the install and get home before that became impossible. As we traveled home three days later, this new reality was becoming more clear. Our focus now was to reschedule pending projects and create a new normal, so it was safe for our team, without neglecting our clients and their daily challenges. While scrambling to adjust to this new way of doing business, I saw a copy of the newsletter that was recently released and placed it in the center hall of my house. With the headline of Focus on the Future in sight all day, it made me realize that our focus had not changed, only the world which we had to operate had changed. We have the responsibility to ourselves, our clients, and the markets that we serve to continue our focus on the future. Instead of making cutbacks and implementing slowdowns, we have to use this extra time to focus on how to improve and implement positive changes in every aspect of our Automatic ICE™ Systems. We have a long list of improvement opportunities, and now we have the time to focus on these enhancements. We also need to begin the process of updating our operational systems to better accommodate this changing

world, and to ensure that our marketing efforts communicate these positive changes to the world of ice producers. Today Automatic ICE™ Systems is analyzing new technologies and processes that will pave our way into the new future. We’re spending more time on the details that once felt like distractions that we would never have the time to focus on. We’re developing new products, new systems, and new market solutions to propel this industry into the future. We are committed to the future of the ice industry, and we will continue to work hard to make this future a reality. Like the majority of companies throughout the world, AIS is not immune to the economic impact that has hurt our bottom line. The bottom line may not look good now, but the future can still be great. I encourage other companies to move forward, plan for the future, and use this slow down to find ways to be better at what you do. Our company focus remains the same; Build smart solutions and create a better future for our company and those that we serve. It’s not about making money, or getting rich. It’s about building a smart, sustainable future for the ice industry. Automatic ICE™ Systems is committed to building that future. Be safe, stay smart, but stay focused on the future. (Doug Carpenter is President & CEO of Automatic ICE™ Systems.) RM

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REFRIGERATION Magazine │ November 2020 13


ice storage & metering systems The Ultimate Babysitter When you go home for the night, the last thing you want to do is worry about what is going on at the ice plant. Used as a surge bin, the KEITH® Ice Storage & optimizing run time for the ice machine and by storing ice for processing during work hours. Bins are built to last using the best FDA approved food grade materials and are driven by reliable WALKING FLOOR® technology. Low Maintenance • Higher Quality Ice • No Ice Buildup True FIFO Rotation • Horizontal Metering • Vertical Comb Built to Last • Superior by Design ®

KEITH Mfg. Co. 1.800.547.6161

KEITH can handle it. 2016 KEITH Mfg. Co. All Rights Reserved.

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Atlanta ice carver creates frozen masterpieces By Paul Milliken, Good Day Atlanta, FOX 5 Atlanta

If you spent New Year’s Eve sipping champagne at a swanky party, there was probably an ice sculpture somewhere in the room. And if that New Year’s Eve party happened here in Metro Atlanta, there’s a good chance we can name the man who crafted that frozen masterpiece. Jim Duggan is the owner and lead carver at ICE sculpture INC., a Metro Atlanta-based company that literally turns water into art. From gleaming wedding centerpieces to ice bars and luges for parties to sculptures used in movies and television projects (including the 2017 film A Bad Moms Christmas), Duggan and his team are masters of this cold craft, and have won awards at competitions hold around the world.

carving while working in kitchens around Metro Atlanta. He eventually found a job as a delivery driver for Atlanta Ice, where he honed his craft; eventually, in October of 2011, Duggan launched ICE sculpture INC. Duggan is now also focused on his new company called Ice Carvings Everywhere, which ships small ice centerpieces through the mail (kind of like flower delivery…for ice!). It is one thing to read about Jim Duggan and his ice carving, but it’s another to actually see it happen. So, we spent the morning in the freezer at ICE sculpture INC., getting an up-close look at the process and even trying a little ice carving ourselves. Click the video player to watch our segments live from ICE sculpture INC.! RM

So, how did it all begin? Duggan started out in the culinary industry after graduating from the Art Institute of Atlanta, and started learning ice

REFRIGERATION Magazine │ December 2020 15

MAY 2020 From top to bottom: Cornell Sam Goldberg and Bill ice with the Cornell & Son llow St. Wi on gon wa ry ive del of ice Cornell holds a block 1920. with ice tongs. Circa Potsdam, NY.

gins Ice-cutting wagon in Hig a Bay on Lake Piseco. Circ . Photo 1900-1920. Arietta, NY n ilto Ham the of y courtes ce. County Historian’s Offi n, From the book “Milto h Pennsylvania, the 19t estone Century Town on Lim k: This Run” by Homer F. Fol 5, picture, taken about 191 son shows Penny with his ding Eugene on the seat hol home the reins. The Penny et at at 501 Chestnut Stre nue the corner of Union Ave photo d. oun kgr bac the in is courtesy of the Penny Collection

Our History


Continued Focus on the Future Guest editorial

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17 REFRIGERATION Magazine │ August 2020

REFRIGERATION Magazine │ December 2020 17

CLASSIFIEDS Ad Index American Ice Equipment Exchange, 19 Automatic Ice, 2 Classified Ads..........................................................................................................18-20 Ice Systems & Supplies Inc. (ISSI), 15 Ing-Tech Corporation (ITC), 16 & 18 Keet Consulting Services, LLC (RouteMan), 17

CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING Rates are $1.00 per word, with a minimum charge. Any blind ads, with an assigned box number c/o publisher, add $10.00. Deadline for upcoming issue is the 1st of the previous month.

KEITH Manufacturing Co., 7 Matthiesen, 10 Modern Ice, 5 Polar Temp, 9











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REFRIGERATION Magazine │ December 2020 19


CANADA ICE EQUIPMENT FOR SALE • Magic Finger • (8) Turbo Ice Makers, 10 & 20 Ton • Cooling tower pumping station • Hamer 125 • 16 feet stainless steel auger • (3) power pack for freezer • Kamco bin • Forklift • Indoor/outdoor merchandisers • Ice bags


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ICE FOR SALE Vogt Mini tube ice, 8, 20 & 40 lb. bags. All ice is screened, palletized & stretch wrapped. We deliver or you pick up. Our water is treated with ozone for sterilization. No chlorine added!

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