Conceptual Maps of Morphology and Phonology
Student: Wendy Ortiz
Lexical Morphemes: Words that have their own meaning. For example: nouns, verbs and adjectives
Morpheme Is a linguistic unit that is defined by a constant core meaning associated with a constant form.
Grammatical morphemes: Words that don't have a meaning in themselves. Instead, they express some relationship between lexical morphemes. For example: prepositions, articles and conjuntions
Morphology The study of how words are formed.
There are four points about morphemes:
Distinct from syllables Identical spelling Minimal unit with more of less constant meaning Determine rules for forming words in particular languages.
Free Morphemes: They can stand alone as words. Bound Morphemes: They cannot stand alone as words
1. Plural (PLU) - 2. Possessive (POSS) - 3. Comparative (COMP) - 4. Superlative (SUP)5. Present (PRES) – 6. Past (PAST) - 7. Past participle (PAST PART)-8. Present participle (PRES PART).
Affixes and bound morphemes occur •Inflections Affixes: Serve as varity functinal after or before a word base. Before a grammatical words, word base are called they are only eight •Derivations Affixes : ''Prefix'' example: Serve to alter the ante, pre, un, dis. meaning of a word; After a word base example: ful- into are called ''suffix'' beauty from: Beautiful examples: ly, er, ism, ness
• Is the creation Word of new Formation words:
Compound; example: put+down
1. Segments Changing set of sound waves composed by smaller unit when we talk
5. Phonemic Alphabet It used to justify which symbol represents one segment
Phonology The study of how sounds are organized in a natural language :
4. Vocal tract Consist on that passage way between the lips and nostrils
2. Districture of features That refers to the sound of the lips
3. Levels of representation That means that two segment can be the same but different to another
cat, bad, trap
bed, net, dress
kit, bid, hymn
hot, odd, wash
dug, run, strut
book, put, foot
cart, arm, father
meet, see, fleece
her, nurse, learn
boot, too, group
port, saw, thaw
Place of Articulations
Bilabial: It is putting lips together. Labiodental: Put lower lip with upper teeth. Interdental: The tongue articulates with top teeth. Alveolar: The tongue articulates with the back part of the alveolar ridge. Palatal: Use the palate with the tongue. Velar: Use soft palate with the tongue. Glottal: Use together the vocal folds.
Manner of Articulation
Stops: It is when oral cavity is closed, no air is flowing through the nose [p],[T] and [K]. Fricatives: The air stream is abstracted [z]. Affricates: A stop follows by a fricative. Nasals: A sound use by the soft palate [m] in ‘’my’’.
Quinion M. (1996â€“2014). Pronunciation Guide, retrieve from: http://www.worldwidewords.org/pronguide.htm
The Mimic Method. (2014). Learn Good Manners, retrieve from: http://www.mimicmethod.com/manner-of-articulation.html