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PSYCHEDELIC MEDICINES

RETHINK OCTOBER 2015

HOW TO

GET RID OF

STRESS

AND DEPRESSION

WORTH A TRIP?

5 ARTUR SHARAFUTDINOV

PSYCHEDELIC DRUGS THAT WILL

BLOW YOUR MIND


IMPRESSUM Editor/Designer Mรกrton Kocsis Trainer Feri Zsolnai


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Inspiration­­

Entire genres of art and music, such as Surrealism, Op, Gonzo, Techno, House, and Trance, would not exist today without the influence of psychedelics.

Not just fun

Setting the right dosage of psychedelic can make the difference between a positive and negative experience.

Spirituality

Spirituality says that even if you think you’re limited and small, it simply isn’t so. You’re greater and more powerful than you have ever imagined.

Science

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Studies are looking at these hallucinogens to treat a number of otherwise intractable psychi­ atric disorders and drug or alcohol dependency.

Editor

Amsterdam, 25.10.2015

Drug use is not readily accepted in Western societies.

Molecules

DMT is one of the most hallucinogenic compounds known.

&

TIME MÁRTON KOCSIS

Tradition

SPACE

“Psychedelics” are substances with the ability to expand human awareness beyond our normal modes of perception. The family of psychedelics includes plants, such as psilocybe mushrooms, that have been used in “shamanistic” settings for thousands of years, as well as recently developed synthetic compounds, like LSD and ecstasy. Psychedelics may be the most amazing substances known to humanity. Some are so potent that just 1/10,000th of a gram can send one on a journey beyond time and space, beyond life and death. Here the psychedelic voyager can unlock and experience the collective evolutionary consciousness of billions of years past and an infinite future. He can transcend the body, the personality, and view his mind from undreamed-of perspectives. He can experience supersensory and extrasensory perception, choose from an infinite variety of “realities,” and permanently change his experience of life.


“I declare that The Beatles are mutants. Prototypes of evolutionary agents sent by God, endowed with a mysterious power to create a new human species, a young race of laughing freemen.”

Timothy Leary

Together in 1965, celebrating a Grammy win. In early 1965, Lennon and Harrison’s dentist secretly added LSD to their coffee. Lennon described the experience: “It was just terrifying, but it was fantastic. I was pretty stunned for a month or two.” He and Harrison subsequently became regular users of the drug, joined by Starr on at least one occasion. McCartney was initially reluctant to try it, but eventually did so in late 1966. He became the first Beatle to discuss LSD publicly, declaring in a magazine interview that “it opened my eyes” and “made me a better, more honest, more tolerant member of society”.

Art & music All artists must get their inspiration from somewhere, and as artistic muses go psychedelics rank somewhere near love, god, and death at the top of the list. There is no art form that hasn’t been influenced in some way “Nobody believes me. This is the truth. by the psychedelic My son came home and showed me this aesthetic. Beyond being a drug or a drawing of a strange looking woman state of mind, psyflying around.” — John Lennon, 1967 chedelic has now become its own meme. Entire genres of art and LSD music, such as Surrealism, Op, Gonzo, Techno, Lennon’s son Julian inspired House, and Trance, would not exist today without the song with a nursery the influence of psychedelics. school drawing he called “Lucy in the sky with dia-

Magazine

monds”. Shortly after the

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song’s release, speculation arose that the first letter of each of the title nouns intentionally spelled LSD.

Not just fun There is much to be said about psychedelics, but one thing that cannot be said with enough emphasis is that they are fun. Recreational psychedelic use for purely hedonistic purposes can be transformative in many ways. If the user does have fun they may find the peace of mind that comes from living a happy and rewarding life. Psychedelics can energize the body, making it feel light and recharged. A recreational trip can be like a celebration of life, something that makes the user feel young again, even childlike. The joy that psychedelics can bring is a tonic that refreshes the mind and body in its own unique way; some might call this effect spiritual.


Panaeolus cyanescens

Salvia divinorum

Psilocybe cubensis

USAGE & DOSAGE Naturally occurring hallucinogens are used in a variety of ways, depending on their form. Mushrooms can be dried or boiled, then added to other foods. Other natural hallucinogens can be smoked, or boiled into tea preparations. DMT is usually smoked, though the powder form can also be swallowed. One of the dangers of using magic mushrooms is that of accidentally ingesting a highly toxic non-hallucinogenic variety. Some other naturally occurring hallucinogens, such as datura, may cause poisoning in high doses. Setting the right dosage can make the difference between a positive and negative experience. Taking too low a dose can be irritating and uncomfortable. Taking too high a dose can be frightening or possibly dangerous. Each individual reacts differently to various substances and dosages, so just because you know people who do a certain dosage doesn’t mean that same dosage is right for you. Finding the right dosage is the trick. Some people like higher doses, some like lower. There’s nothing wrong with either as long as they’re each done responsibly. Lower

doses are generally safer and there’s less of a chance that you’ll find the experience overwhelming. Higher doses are generally more intense and there’s less of a chance that you’ll have an under-reaction or no reaction at all. Many people like higher doses for the level of exploration they afford. Higher doses are often better in a safe setting where it’s possible to move around or lie down as you like. A large number of psilocybin-containing mushrooms in several genera are illegal to buy, sell or possess in the Netherlands, dried or fresh. The Dutch department of public health, grow-kits, sclerotia, and spores are not illegal. Salvia divinorum is legal to buy, sell and possess in the Netherlands.

PREGNANCY

DEPENDENCE

TRIP AND DRIVE

There is evidence linking the use of hallucinogens

Some people do develop a dependence on hallu-

It is extremely dangerous, as well as illegal, to

in pregnancy to an increased risk of miscarriage

cinogens. Dependence is usually psychological,

drive with the distorted sense perceptions, poor

and birth complications. while breastfeeding, it is

where a person will have a perceived need to take

coordination and lack of judgement caused by

possible that the drug will be present in her milk

the drug and may experience anxiety when they

taking hallucinogens. Never trip and drive at the

and have adverse effects on the baby.

cannot access the drug.

same time!

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“There is a world beyond ours, a world that is far away, nearby, and invisible. And there is where God lives, where the dead live, the spirits and the saints, a world where everything has already happened and everything is known. That world talks. It has a language of its own.” — Maria Sabina

the

Spirituality

Psychedelic Experience

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The idea of mystical experiences resulting from drug use is not readily accepted in Western societies. Western culture has, historically, a particular fascination with the value and virtue of man as an individual, self-determining, responsible ego, controlling himself and his world by the power of conscious effort and will. Nothing, then, could be more repugnant to this cultural tradition than the notion of spiritual or psychological growth through the use of drugs. A “drugged” person is by definition dimmed in consciousness, fogged in judgment, and deprived of will. But not all psychotropic (consciousness-changing) chemicals are narcotic and soporific, as are alcohol, opiates, and barbiturates. The effects of what are now called psychedelic (mind-manifesting) chemicals differ from those of alcohol as laughter differs from rage, or delight from depression. There is really no analogy between being “high” on LSD and “drunk” on bourbon. True, no one in either state should drive a car, but neither should one drive while reading a book, playing a violin, or making love. Certain creative activities and states of mind demand a concentration and devotion that are simply incompatible with piloting a death-dealing engine along a highway.


he most universal elements are joy, blessedness, and peace. The unique character of these feelings in relation to the mystical experience is the intensity that elevates them to the highest levels of human experience, and they are highly valued by the experiencers. Tears may be associated with any of these elements because of the overpowering nature of the experience. Such feelings may occur either at the peak of the experience or during the “ecstatic afterglow”, when the peak has passed but while its effects and memory are still quite vivid and intense. Love may also be an element of deeply felt positive mood, but it does not have the same universality as joy, blessedness, and peace.

nity, the most important characteristic of the mystical experience, is divided into internal and external types, which are different ways of experiencing an undifferentiated unity. The major difference is that the internal type finds unity through an “inner world” within the experiencer while the external type finds unity through the external world outside the experiencer. The essential elements of internal unity are loss of usual sense impressions and loss of self without becoming unconscious. External unity is perceived outwardly with the physical senses through the external world. A sense of underlying oneness is felt behind the empirical multiplicity.

Mystical States

of Consciousness

oss of the usual sense he sense of sacredness is evoked by the of time and space. This mystical experience. The sacred is here means clock time but may broadly defined as that which a person feels also be one’s personal sense to be of special value and capable of being proof his past, present, and fufaned. The basic characteristic of sacredness ture. Transcendence of space is a non-rational, intuitive, hushed, palpimeans that a person loses his tant response of awe and wonder in the usual orientation as to where presence of inspiring realities. No relihe is during the experience in gious “beliefs” or traditional theologterms of the usual three-dimenical terminology need necessarily sional perception of his environbe involved, even though there ment. Experiences of timelessness may be a sense of reverence and spacelessness may also be described or a feeling that what is exas experiences of “eternity” or “infinity”. perienced is holy or divine. Spirituality

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“It lasted for a million years and for a splitnow it’s you

Psychedelics PSILOCYBIN Psilocybin is a naturally occurring psychedelic compound produced by more than 200 species of mushrooms, collectively known as psilocybin mushrooms. It is chemically related to both LSD and DMT. Mushrooms containing psilocybin can be eaten in fresh or dried form. The mushrooms may be teeped into a tea, added to cooked foods or, in powder form, added to fruit juice. Some poisonous mushrooms look like psilocybin mushrooms. A risk in using magic mushrooms is eating the wrong type of mushroom and being poisoned. Poisonous mushrooms can cause death or permanent liver damage.

SALVINORIN A Salvinorin A is the main active psychotropic molecule in Salvia divinorum, a Mexican plant which has a long history of use as an entheogen by indigenous Mazatec shamans. It is not chemically related to any other psychoactive drug. Unlike most visionary compounds, it is not an alkaloid. Pure salvinorin A is extremely potent. Doses of only several hundred micrograms (millionths of a gram) will have an effect, and doses above 1 milligram (1/1000 of a gram) are too much for most people to handle comfortably. Because of its extreme potency, pure salvinorin A should never be used. Fortunately, Salvia leaf is hundreds of times weaker than pure salvinorin A. Toxicological studies have shown that salvinorin A is extraordinarily non-toxic. Salvia is not habit-forming or addictive.

Science

DMT

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DMT (N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is one of the most hallucinogenic compounds known. DMT is not active orally, but must be smoked in it’s freebase form to experience its effects. DMT can be taken orally when mixed with a MAOIs, but this is not recommended for the first time user.

Salvia divinorum is most often smoked, but can also be used sublingually or orally (chewed and swallowed), producing effects that last longer but have a slower onset than when smoked.


-second. But it’s over and ur turn.” — Timothy Leary

AYAHUASCA Ayahuasca is a beverage extracted from plants in the Amazonian rain forest. By boiling the bark of the tree Banisteriopsis caapi with the leaves of the plant Psychotria viridis a psychoactive brew is made. The Psychotria viridis contains the short-acting psychoactive agent dimethyltryptamine which has a structural similarity to serotonin. When DMT binds to neuronal receptors in the brain it causes changes in cognition and state of consciousness. However, DMT is orally active only in the presence of MAO inhibitors such as the beta-carbolines of the Banesteriopsis bark. Thus, the interaction between the DMT and beta-carbolines is the basis of the psycho-activity of ayahuasca.

Living Fly Agaric contains mainly Ibotenic acid; a trace of Muscimol may be present on the outer surface of the mushroom. Extremely small trace amounts of approximately 15 other chemicals are also present. Fresh Amanita Muscaria should never be consumed! While not deadly poisonous they do not have the desired properties; all references to human poisoning are from fresh Fly Agaric. To be used as the Sacramental Herb of Life; the Amanita Muscaria mushrooms must be thoroughly dried!

Science

The use of ayahuasca has spread beyond the Amazon in the last few decades, reaching around the globe in contexts of religious, shamanic, psychotherapeutic, and hybrid ayahuasca rituals. Many participants report gaining benefits from ayahuasca rituals in ways such as acquiring deeper knowledge of oneself, personal and spiritual development, or healing for a variety of psychological and physiological afflictions, including substance dependencies.

AMANITA MUSCARIA

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PSILOCYBIN ACTUALLY CALMS, RATHER THAN STIMULATES CERTAIN BRAIN FUNCTIONS The common conception is that psychedelics do something extra to cause their effects—increase activity, add hallucinations, promote awareness, etc. A study that examined brain scans of people under the influence of psilocybin found that it reduces activity in certain areas of the brain. That reduction of activity leads to the drug’s effect on cognition and memory. Psychedelics, and psilocybin in particular, might actually be eliminating what could be called the extra “noise” in the brain.

DMT OCCURS NATURALLY IN THE HUMAN BODY, AND TAKING IT COULD SIMULATE DEATH

Science

The drug DMT (diemethyltryptamine), which causes hallucinogenic experiences, is made up of a chemical compound that already occurs within the human body endogenously (as well as in a number of plants). This means our brains are naturally set up to process the drug because it has receptors that exist specifically to do so.

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Some research based on near-death experiences points to the fact that the brain releases DMT during death. Some researchers have also conjectured that DMT is released during other intense experiences, including orgasm.

PSILOCYBIN COULD KILL SMOKING ADDICTION Psychiatry professor Matthew Johnson, who works at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, presented the preliminary results of a pilot feasibility study looking at the ability of psilocybin to treat smoking addiction at the 2013 Psychedelic Science conference in Oakland, Calif. For the study, five cigarette-addicted participants underwent placebo-controlled psilocybin treatment with a psychiatrist. All five completely quit smoking after their first psilocybin session. At all followup visits, which occurred up to one year later for the first four participants, it was biologically confirmed that the participants had abstained from cigarettes.


MUSIC WILL NEVER BE THE SAME AGAIN AFTER PSYCHEDELICS

Jefferson Airplane

The Beatles

King Crimson

Jimi Hendrix

Astrix

Infected Mushroom

Surrealistic pillow

Revolver

In the Court of the Crimson King

Are you experienced

Red Means Distortion

Converting Vegetarians

MIND-BLOWING MOVIES THAT CAN CHANGE YOUR PERCEPTION

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas

Waking Life

Donnie Darko

Enter the Void

A Scanner Darkly

5 GREAT BOOKS TO TAKE WITH YOU ON A PSYCHEDELIC JOURNEY

The Psychedelic Explorer’s Guide by James Fadiman

The Archaic Revival by Terence McKenna

DMT The Spirit Molecule

The Doors of Perception

LSD My Problem Child

by Rick Strassman

by Aldous Huxley

by Albert Hofmann



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