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UVic-based diagnostic technology secures U.S. patent

Technology to identify malignant tumours without biopsy may pave way for single cell detection in future


Whether or not there are any associated risks, side effects, or danger of repeated use is not yet known. “I think we are at least 10–15 years from any real commercial use in humans—if we make it there,” he says. According to van Veggel, there is little venture capital in Canada available for research, relative to the United States. Securing a U.S. patent provides the starting point to court companies for investment in their research. “If you don’t have patents behind you, they don’t want to talk to you, because if they can’t take a license or buy the patent ... they have no position in the market,” van Veggel says. “The costs escalate the moment you do cliniPA ND OR see cal studies, so if those companies A no mechanism to earn their investments back, they just say, ’well, not interested.’ And that’s the business model YATE Sthat the pharmaceutical industry has. By law, they VI EW have to do all those studies.” The Canadian patent is currently under FO R T review by the Canadian Intellectual B RO U G His Property Office. Approval in TOexpected N ST the near future. HUM




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contrast in the MRI that this is a malignant one, that it is a malignant one,” says van Veggel. Van Veggel says that future directions hold diagnostic promise, as well—specifically in regards to detecting cancerous materials earlier. “At the moment that cancer becomes more aggressive and, for instance, it starts to metastasize into the lymph nodes, then the prognosis goes down really rapidly,” says van Veggel, “which means the earlier you can detect that one, the better the chances of intervention. One cell that goes on the move could metastasize. The ideal would be to find one cell that’s on the move.” According to van Veggel, a carbonbased polymer coating the nanoparticles allows binding of cancer-specific antibodies. Although it’s not yet possible with today’s imaging techniques, this coating could provide detection at the single-cell level in the future. While early toxicity studies in mice have been encouraging, the new technology is subject to further testing before other animal and clinical trials will be possible, according to van Veggel.


“In this field of nanoparticles, we have the best quality in the world,” says van Veggel. According to van Veggel, current contrast agent technology makes all tissue abnormalities appear “lit up” the same way in MRI scans, not just cancerous tumours. Biopsy, a potentially dangerous procedure itself, is often required for certainty that suspected tissue is cancerous and for determining which of the four types of aggression the cancer displays. “Between those four, you don’t see any difference [in MRI scans]. Or, the differences are so small that it’s very hard to be absolutely confident that one is the malignant one and not the other. Any abnormality in the tissue might show up,” he says. Van Veggel’s team aims to further refine their nanoparticle potency, so cancers might be diagnosed at the MRI scan stage, eliminating the need for biopsy. “We have a project with other groups in Canada where one of the goals is that we are going to do MRIs that actually show: this is the malignant one. And we should then go for a very high confidence that if we conclude from the




A new diagnostic technology for identifying and targeting cancer has secured a U.S. patent, according to a press release issued by UVic in mid-February. Developed by UVic’s van Veggel Research Group in conjunction with collaborators in Ontario, Quebec, Calgary, Vancouver, and the B.C. Cancer Agency, the patented technology features synthesis of lanthanide (a rare earth metal) nanoparticles in a carbon-based polymer coating for use in MRI scanning. “Most MRIs look at the signal from water. If you don’t talk about bones, most tissue is mostly water. So, very often, you add a contrast agent just to get a better contrast [between tissue types],” says UVic professor and head researcher of the van Veggel Research Group, Dr. Frank van Veggel. “About 50 per cent of all the MRIs taken are actually done with the help of a contrast agent.” However, limitations of current contrast agent technology leave many obstacles for medical intervention. As cancer typically infiltrates healthy tissue and presents in complex shapes,

surgical interventions are hindered by limited knowledge of the edges between healthy and malignant tissues, van Veggel says. “The surgeon certainly does not want to leave any tumorous tissue behind, so they always cut a little bit more. But, if they don’t exactly know where the margin is, they don’t know how much more they have to cut. And that, for instance in brain cancer, is a major obstacle for surgeons.” Sodium Lanthanum Fluoride, the nanoparticle salt synthesized by van Veggel’s lab, optimizes the contrast between malignant and non-malignant cells in MRI scans. “You want to have a tumor lit up in the image, with very well-defined margins so that you know where it is, you know the shape,” he says. According to van Veggel, the patented technique of nanoparticle synthesis limits deviations in quality between production lots, ensuring all nanoparticles are 20 nanometres in size, plus or minus one nanometre. This maintains consistent potency and degree of tumor localization.




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Banana cream justice


As Pi day approaches, Order of Pi prepares for annual charity event JANINE CROCKETT The Order of Pi, made up of a group of UVic engineering students, is continuing its fundraising tradition the week of March 10. The event this year will mark the group’s 20th year of raising money for the Children’s Health Foundation of Vancouver Island. The UVic Engineering Student Society created the Order of Pi in 1994, to “give the citizens of Victoria a means to redress the petty crimes perpetrated against them by their friends and loved ones.” The Order of Pi carries out the punishment for these crimes by pushing a pie, cream first, into the guilty person’s face, after a mock trial. The Order of Pi prefers the accused to be a friend, co-worker, or someone who is well known to the accuser,

because the actual event is all in good spirits. The accuser is also responsible for the accused to be in the correct place at the correct time for the event, so a good relationship with the accused helps. The Order of Pi then walks across campus from the Engineering and Computer Science building, dressed in robes and playing the “Pythagorythm” chant over speakers as they walk to the location. This year’s Order of Pi co-ordinator, Angus Hudson, says, “We’ll arrive, we’ll announce ourselves, the ‘Counsellor’ announces this is who we are, that someone has been named as the accused. It’s sort of a performance. We like to give people something for their donation. There’s a mock trial. Someone is always guilty.” The Order gets its pies from various retailers. If they are not donated,

the organizers attempt to purchase the cheapest possible pies. However, the Order is aware that some who are accused may have allergies, and accommodations are made, such as filling an empty pie plate with whipped cream to avoid a possible nut allergy reaction. The Order also makes sure that the messy event isn’t too messy for the accused or campus; the group offers a hood that prevents the pie getting on the accused’s clothing and carries paper towel to clean up anything that drops on the ground. To avoid food waste, the leftover pie goes in a bag for the accused to have if they wish. A warrant is also given to the accused, which prevents them from being accused for the rest of the event. Last year, the Order raised $3315.05, and this year the

fundraising goal is $4000. The money is raised through minimum 20-dollar donations to accuse a person of a crime; however, accusers may donate as much as they like. Oftentimes, the amount someone originally donates is part of the strategy to get someone pied, because the accused has the option to get out of the underpaid punishment. If the accused can beat the original donation by $5, they can bounce their pie to someone else in the vicinity. However, because the Order of Pi wants to keep the event enjoyable, an accused person does not have to participate if they really don’t want to. Accusers are able to pay their donations through debit and cash; however, those accused must have the money in cash readily available to them, if they wish to bounce the

accusation. Many people do carry extra money with them during the week of the event, in case they are accused. One year, Hudson says, “a Computer Science prof brought $200 worth of cash to class with him that week. He knew that something was going to happen. So we had a bidding war, both him and the students. I think the students did end up getting him with a donation of $325 or something, and he wanted to try and not get pied.” Reactions to being accused vary, but usually those accused are surprised or nervous because they are in front of their friends or peers. Nevertheless, Hudson says, “Usually the last thing people say before they get pied is something along the lines of ‘I’m going to get you tomorrow.’”

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March 6, 2014

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Naked bungee jumpers battle stigma, create community A jump in the nude is worth more than one might think SARAH HUGHES Nigel Horspool just turned 65, and he’s bungee jumping for the first time in his life—nude. Horspool, a UVic computer science professor, will don his birthday suit in the name of mental illness on March 8. This marks the day of the eighth annual Naked Bungy Jump event in Nanaimo, one of the wackiest fundraisers put on by the British Columbia Schizophrenia Society (BCSS). Hosted by WildPlay Element Parks, the event offers a thrilling experience for people 18 years and older, to raise pledges for BCSS and show their support for people who live with mental illness of any sort. A bungee jump has clung to Horspool’s bucket list for several years, and now that the opportunity presents itself, he’s taking the plunge. “I’m beginning to feel that if I don’t do things now, I never will, and [the bungee jump] is one of them,” he says. In Horspool’s case, jumping comes fi rst, but the fact that the event supports the BCSS Victoria branch drove him to raise over $400 in pledges. Horspool’s department, housed in the Engineering and Computer Science Building, has helped in raising his pledges. A group of five people, made up of friends, family and colleagues of Horspool, will drive up to watch, but no one else has found the courage to jump (nakedness coming in second for concern). According to the sponsors, however, that’s exactly the point—to give a glimpse into the lives of people who walk around, daily, shrouded with any sort of mental illness or battling the stresses of stigma. The BCSS Victoria branch provides vital services for people with any sort of mental illness. Regardless of the diagnosis, whether it’s schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or anxiety, people receive support, information, and connections to resources. Hazel Meredith, executive director of BCSS Victoria, says it is an important event for two primary reasons, among many others.

“It raises awareness of schizophrenia and mental illness in general,” says Meredith in an email. “Schizophrenia is one of the most stigmatized and least understood of mental illnesses. Involvement by community also adds a real show of support.” The fundraising is also a large component, as it allows BCSS, which is a charity, to “provide hope, help, and support for people with mental illness and families” who need them, according to Meredith. An anonymous donor will match all proceeds up to $15 000, making this BCSS’s largest fundraiser. According to the Mental Health Foundation, one in a hundred people will experience a schizophrenic episode, and two-thirds of these people will go on to have further episodes. Most schizophrenic episodes happen in the late teens and 20s. With a student body of around 18 000 at UVic, that means an average of 180 people at the university, for example, will experience schizophrenia in some stage. That’s about half a lecture hall in the Bob Wright building who may benefit from the love and support provided by BCSS. Megan Neufeld, a fourth-year geography student, jumped two years ago and is going for her second bout of adrenaline on March 9. “As a student who’s low in funds, I don’t have a lot of room in my budget to support charities, but the BCSS is an organization that supports people for mental health . . . so I think it’s a good place to put my minimal funds.” This event creates incentive for students who want to bungee jump and support the cause, as it’s less than half the fee of a normal jump, which comes to over $100 on a regular day. Registration for a nude leap is $35 online and $45 on-site for those who decide to jump last minute—a great deal for a starving student. “It’s really nerve-wracking to jump off a bridge,” says Neufeld. “But doing it naked almost makes it easier to jump, because you’re dealing with two scary things at the same time.” WildPlay Element Parks Nanaimo

took over the event eight years ago, in 2007, when it ran under a different company as a free Valentine’s Day activity. The company decided they wanted to attach more meaning to the event, and chose BCSS Victoria as the choice charity. WildPlay’s Marketing Communications Manager, Heather Watters, says that WildPlay is always looking to make positive change in people’s lives. “We see people facing their fears all the time, and discovering new strengths that empower other areas of their life,” says Watters. “With Naked Bungy Jump for BCSS, we can push people way outside their comfort zone and deliver a way more meaningful experience beyond the Park.” WildPlay sent 231 jumpers off the bridge for the event in 2011. Over $45 000 has been raised in the past seven years of the event. “So we’re there,” says Watters, “ready to send 200 more people over the edge and bring widespread awareness to the subject of mental illness.” When asked if he’s nervous about his students seeing him naked at the event, Horspool chuckles. “If I act silly in front of a class every day, then I have no issue with jumping naked in front of a crowd.” Meredith, the BCSS team, and volunteers hope to provide one of the most invigorating fundraisers on Vancouver Island. The event offers food and coffee by donation, a story-sharing fire pit, and energy that comes from building community in the buff. Also, spectators are welcome (with a $15 donation) to watch jumpers fall 150 feet from bridge to creek, if the leap itself is not for them. With enough student participation, the event could outshine the total of 200 jumpers from last year.

To join Horspool and other jumpers on March 8 and 9, or to donate, go to

March 6, 2014


Camisha Jackson started an anti-bullying campaign at UVic, called “Eliminate Us Vs. Them.”


Bullying goes beyond high school Student starts campaign to raise awareness of bullying after adolescence TARYN BROWNELL Pacific and Asian Studies student Camisha Jackson has started an antibullying campaign called “Eliminate Us Vs. Them” at UVic. According to the campaign’s Facebook page, its goal is to spread awareness that bullying may continue outside of high school. “’Eliminate Us vs Them’ is a campaign showing how bullying hurts everyone and can leave mental and physical scars which can lead to selfharm, substance and alcohol abuse, poor decision making in the future, and even death,” states the Facebook page. After experiencing bullying last semester (Fall 2013), Jackson says that she realized bullying wasn’t something that only happened in high school. She started the campaign to raise understanding about the issue. “People still aren’t accepting of other people’s different experiences, and people don’t agree with other people’s experiences or decisions that they have made,” says Jackson.


March 6, 2014

“Which, quite frankly, is none of their business. But, people have a need to criticize or make fun of [people] or give their opinion when there’s no opinion needed.” UVic does have a policy in place that is meant to prevent discrimination and harassment from taking place on campus. Under this policy, any person who feels that they are being harassed or discriminated against can file a complaint to the university. They may either file a formal complaint in writing, or they may file an informal one with the intention of finding a solution to the issue. An informal complaint will not result in determination of whether or not the discrimination and harassment policy has been violated. The policy states, “The purpose of this policy is to prevent Discrimination and Harassment from taking place, and to act upon complaints of such behaviour promptly, fairly, judiciously and with due regard to confidentiality for all parties concerned.” Jackson’s campaign started on Jan. 19, and Jackson has so far been

working to gain support and funding for the campaign as a whole. In addition, the campaign has been trying to do more community-based outreach to raise awareness of its enterprise. In general, Jackson says people have been very supportive of the initiative so far. “It’s not an ageist campaign, so anyone can join,” says Jackson. “Whether you’re five or 50, it does affect different people in different stages of their lifetime.” Members of the group showed their support of Anti-bullying Day (Feb. 26) by sporting the iconic pink shirts. Unfortunately for Jackson, she was unable to participate due to illness. Custom “Eliminate Us Vs. Them” apparel may appear soon, however. According to Jackson, the campaign has been working on t-shirts that should be available now. To get involved with the campaign, or find out more, go to the Anti-Bullying Campaign: Eliminate Us vs. Them Facebook page.

From left: Dr. Lisa Gunderson, Dr. Francis Adu-Febiri, Dr. Nat Markin, Boma Brown, and Emmanuel Okee at Feb. 27 panel in the Upper Lounge (SUB).


Campus talks about the N word UVic’s ACSA hosts event to discuss racism and popular culture

were made in 1994. Buses usually have a 20-year life span; logically, the entire fleet has an average age of 10 years. In those 20 years, a bus will rack up an impressive number of kilometres. Lamb said one bus had 1.2–1.5 million kilometres on its odometer. The reception of the new MiDi has been overall positive, but there is an issue of turning radius for mobility aids in the bus’s interior. This is something that Lamb says could easily be fixed if B.C. Transit were to purchase a MiDi in the future. “We have this really small community of people who are really crazy about buses,” said Meribeth Burton, B.C. Transit’s corporate spokesperson, “People who’ve been in it think it’s beautiful.” Burton added, “People have travelled over from the lower mainland to come and ride in it on the weekends.” For those self-proclaimed “bus people” out there, the MiDi will run six days a week on the number three route until mid-March.

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Mrs. Miraly González González First Secretary of the Cuban Embassy in Canada

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A brand new mid-sized bus is sliding through Victoria’s streets for the next couple of weeks. Known as a MiDi bus, this slimmer, shorter bus has been gliding along Victoria Transit’s #3 route, collecting feedback from both drivers and passengers. Built in the U.K. by Alexander Dennis Limited buses, in conjunction with New Flyer buses in Winnipeg, the MiDi offers something that B.C. Transit doesn’t have. Being narrower and five feet shorter than the average 40-foot bus makes the MiDi more appropriate for certain routes. Aaron Lamb, B.C. Transit’s executive director of asset management, described it as a more neighbourhoodfriendly bus. It’s quieter, and “30 per cent lighter,” said Lamb, compared to the 40-foot buses. Because of this and its thin design, Lamb said, “They can actually go around corners and fit in between cars that are parked along the side of the street a heck of a lot easier . . . It’s like comparing a Cadillac to a Toyota Tercel. If you only need a Toyota Tercel, then it’s more efficient to operate.”

When compared to the smaller Arboc buses used on community routes or with the handyDART system, Lamb said the MiDi’s “rear wheel is behind you… There’s no hood to look at. The driver has much better visibility. Much more preferable for that spot-and-go type transit.” This bus will be in Victoria until midMarch, and then it’ll be moved to the inland where it will visit two different locations to get full range of environments. Although B.C. Transit is only kicking the MiDi’s tires right now, New Flyer is going to manufacture its own MiDis in the near future. As of now, B.C. Transit is just putting the MiDi through its paces for New Flyer. “New flyer isn’t charging us a thing for it,” said Lamb. “We’re paying for the gas and the preventative maintenance . . . but that’s about it.” This is because B.C.’s climate is perfect for letting a bus see a range of environments. When the trial is up at the end of April, the bus will go back to New Flyer where it could be sent to another transit agency, or it could become a demonstrator. The oldest buses in Victoria’s fleet





suggested the idea that hip-hop and rap stars should use the word “brother” in their lyrics. Most of the panellists said that reclaiming the word isn’t a good way to make things better. Furthermore, Brown raised concern about gender equality in relation to African Americans using the word to one another. It may sometimes seem okay between men, but as Gunderson and Brown said, it can be seen as even less appropriate to women. The decision for this year’s panel discussion was made last September and, as Francis said after the talk, they wanted to do something to educate people and raise awareness about the existing state of the word. The Feb. 27 panel seems to have achieved that goal, but as noted by all the panellists, there has to be more of a discussion and an increase in education surrounding the word to make any change possible.

Part of the 8 Event US/Canada West Coast Tour, March 5-8 2014


B.C. Transit tests mid-sized bus in Victoria

schools in the United States, said one panelist, African American history begins with slavery. Panel speakers disagreed with this way of teaching, saying that the curriculum should begin with African history. Otherwise, they said, it implies to young African American people that they started as slaves, and cuts out the rich history of Africa before people were forced into slavery. Panelists encouraged students to step up and ask their institution for diverse curricula, including psychology of minorities, for example. A recurring point from all the panellists was the need for the current generation to educate their peers and change the direction of the usage of the N word within a changing knowledge economy that has space to do so. If the word is used as a term of endearment, a way to reclaim it for African Americans (as noted in a short clip shown featuring Jay-Z discussing this issue with Oprah), Gunderson



that by allowing the word to be destigmatized, it removes some historical significance that younger generations should be aware of. “I don’t think you can reclaim a word that was not yours in the first place,” said Okee. One of the ideas raised was the role of hip-hop in the current use of the word. A Nicki Minaj music video was screened, which had more than one instance of the N word, along with two automatic rifles being fired into the air by the singer. Brown argued that the video may be empowering to the artist and a calculated move by Minaj, rather than, as Gunderson argued, a contribution to the current status quo of the word. In addition to this, it was remarked that musical artists with power should change the style of music and make a statement to the succeeding generations. The topic of education was also among the evening’s discussions. In


On Feb. 27, UVic’s African and Caribbean Students’ Association (ACSA) held its second annual Black History Month panel discussion in the SUB upper lounge. The discussion started with a screening of a video ACSA filmed last semester, which shows UVic students and community members speaking their thoughts on the use of “the N word.” The mediator of the discussion, fourth-year UVic computer science student Francis Harrison, touched on current issues regarding the use of the word, including a newly proposed rule in the NFL to penalize teams 15 yards for use of the racial slur on the field, and asked questions to the five panellists, who then each took turns answering with their opinions. The panellists at the discussion included Dr. Francis Adu-Febiri (Camosun College professor,

Sociology), Dr. Nat Markin (UVic professor, Political Science), Dr. Lisa Gunderson (Camosun College professor, Psychology), Boma Brown (fourth-year UVic Economics and Political Science student), and Emmanuel Okee (Camosun College student, Psychology). The first question asked the panellists about their personal experiences with the word, which lead to many different responses, ranging from not much at all to vivid childhood memories of when panellists first recognized the word and the connotations that are associated with it, including Gunderson’s story of a cross burning at her parents’ home in the U.S. The second question asked the panellists if they think it should be offensive to call someone by the racial slur. The answer by all, not surprisingly, was yes. Adu-Febiri seemed to suggest that if eventually the word becomes just a word, that may be natural. Some felt



250-598-7690 | March 6, 2014



“Back when Mark Wahlberg was Marky Mark.” – William Shakespeare




Porn is a job too

University and college cost thousands of dollars, and education is expected as a rite of passage for young people in our society. When there’s no financial support from family, and supporting oneself financially becomes difficult throughout school, things can look bleak. One student at Duke University in North Carolina, known as Belle Knox, willingly took a job in the porn industry to make ends meet. She has been highly criticized for selling her body; however, she stands by a bold public statement that she thoroughly enjoys her work and has made the right decision. In many ways, porn is an easily understandable job path: it’s extremely lucrative, encourages knowledge of sexual health, and puts the individual in a position where they can explore their sexual boundaries and tastes, or use porn as a sexual and creative outlet. Knox says she has found this work extremely fulfilling and even empowering. Knox has chosen to do this profession, which has therefore put her in a position of empowerment. By fully embracing her role as a sex worker, she’s able to encourage others to speak out about why working in the porn industry is okay—when it’s a healthy and consensual decision. Remembering men also work in porn, she also says the idea that a woman could truly want this for herself, and be comfortable in this role, is a very powerful concept. Acknowledging pornography as a legitimate occupation is new and different and hard to accept because it goes directly against traditional schools of thought in this area: that porn exploits women for the benefit of a primarily male consumer base. The porn industry is huge, highly in demand, and legal. If an employer makes pornography into a comfortable and respectful work environment, porn becomes a viable employment option. Provided that sex, or even rough sex (as Knox mentions), is safe and consensual, it should be considered okay. Porn that demonstrates informed and consensual rough sex could be beneficial—in this kind of sex, education and communication are key. Awareness workers like Knox must be patient and handle criticism while striving to challenge the stigma behind porn—the stigma that implies only those who are in desperate need do pornography. We must learn to not associate porn with only desperation, but move toward it being a respectable choice. Despite her initial decision to do porn out of financial desperation, she also states that she’d do this type of work regardless of whether it was to pay for school. However, the reality is that financial need is how it all began for Knox. Knox may experience negative repercussions from this line of work further down the road. As long as she is consenting, however, she can be responsible for herself and her actions. That Knox is fervent to talk about her position, and share and defend her opinion is beneficial to students and any young and empowered person. Creating a dialogue around pornography, and sex work in general, is a good start, and could contribute to a healthier, more open attitude toward sex workers, the porn industry, and individual preference. Editorial topics are decided on by staff at our editorial meetings, held weekly in the Martlet office (SUB B011). Editorials are written by one or more staff members and are not necessarily the opinion of all staff members. Happy? Sad? Enraged? Tell us: The Martlet has an open letter policy and will endeavour to publish letters received from the university and local community. Letters must be submitted by email, include your real name and affiliation to UVic and have “Letter to the editor” in the subject line. Letters must be under 200 words and may be edited.


March 6, 2014

American ComcastNetflix deal may have consequences in Canada ALEXANDER BURTON-VULOVIC On Feb. 23, the Internet video service Netflix announced that it had reached an agreement with American Internet service provider (ISP) giant Comcast, whereby it would pay for direct access to Comcast’s network and subscribers. Widespread fear among net neutrality proponents spread that the agreement may herald the beginning of the end. Net neutrality is a term for the idea that ISPs shouldn’t make some content or services on the Internet more accessible to its end users than others. For months, Comcast had been throttling Netflix traffic, arguing that it cost too much to deliver and that Netflix ought to bear some of the financial burden for delivering its enormous flood of Internet video—Netflix blinked. However, the Comcast-Netflix deal is less insidious than it seems. Traditional ISPs form “peering” agreements in which they agree to trade traffic for free and allow their customers to access computers on each other’s networks without the exchange of money. One of the underpinning assumptions of this free peering, however, is that the traffic flow in each direction is about equal and both parties benefit. It’s not uncommon for unequal peers to trade money along with data. Netflix, as a delivery service for video content, sends vastly more data than it receives, a fact that has long upset peering partners who feel they are forced to absorb significant costs of delivering Netflix’s services. This sudden collapse by Netflix, and the long-term costs of its about face, which remain unknown, could be the result of a recent decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. On Jan. 14, the Court struck down the American Federal Communications Commission’s

broadband neutrality rules. Those rules, enacted in 2010, ordered that ISPs ”shall not block lawful content, applications, services, or non-harmful devices, subject to reasonable network management” and “shall not unreasonably discriminate in transmitting lawful traffic over a consumer’s broadband Internet access service.” Is this likely to have an effect on Canadian consumers? It’s too early to say directly. If content delivery services like Netflix raise their rates to compensate for increased costs, secondary effects from the large American market are possible. On the other hand, the Canadian regulatory landscape differs significantly from the American one. For example, section 27(2) of the Telecommunications Act states that Canadian ISPs cannot “unjustly discriminate or give an undue or unreasonable preference.” By implementing the Telecommunications Act, the Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), the agency responsible for regulating Canadian ISPs, released rules in 2009 for ISP “traffic management” policies. These rules generally treat content-specific policies such as those that target one application, like Netflix or Skype, as in violation of the law. However, broader economic policies, such as billing per gigabyte downloaded, are considered reasonable. Could Canadian ISPs set their sights on Netflix? What would the CRTC’s response be? Some dispute over what kind of traffic policies are really acceptable makes a conclusive statement troublesome; not all traffic is the same. Certain applications, such as Internet gaming and videoconferencing, are highly influenced by latency, or the round-trip time for traffic on the Internet. The difference between a tenth-of-a-second delay

and a half-second delay could change a video conference from perfect to useless, whereas other applications, like Internet surfing or email, are much less influenced by delays in traffic delivery. Latency also depends on where the traffic is on the Internet. From a user’s perspective, no difference is apparent between a website hosted in Japan and one hosted in Vancouver. From an ISP’s perspective, however, undersea cables may be more congested and more expensive to send data over. A system that treats all traffic identically (such as on a first-come, first-serve, basis) therefore hurts both users and ISPs. On the other hand, conflicts like the one that led to the paid peering agreement between Netflix and Comcast can only harm consumers, especially when they’re negotiated in secret. The announcement of the agreement was preceded by months of inexplicable slowdowns and huge levels of customer frustration. More concerning still is competition between an ISP’s own services and third-party services on the internet. The ISPs’ own services, of course, can be located closer to consumers and use less-expensive links than third-party services. However, by allowing ISPs to offer their own services at reduced cost, while charging competitor services for access, we risk a highly fragmented Internet, in which your access to Google or Netflix depends entirely on whether your ISP has cut a deal with that particular company. These concerns may seem distant and hypothetical at the moment, but undoubtedly, large Canadian ISPs are watching the playing out of the drama to the south with considerable interest.

Education in general

Value specialization, but don’t snub breadth EMMA LOY At some point in the pursuit of higher education, everyone must choose which direction to take. Often people start by sampling everything, and then later shift into a more specialized field. Some people bypass general studies entirely and head straight for a specialty. Specialist education sells itself as a much clearer path to a stable future than the ambiguous alternative of general studies. But do we place too much emphasis on specializing at the expense of a broader academic perspective? I believe that we do. How will we solve the major problems of our generation if we do not have a broad understanding of the concepts underlying these problems? Not only on a global scale, but also within any narrower field of study, receiving a general education sets the firmest of foundations for bringing about worthwhile change. My most valuable experiences in university have been taking classes that violently thrust me out of my comfort zone and forced me to approach problems from strange and unfamiliar angles. To truly explore classes in other departments likely means delaying graduation, which is largely

undesirable. An immense sense of pressure to choose a path early on, to get a degree, to land a job, and to start making money, is prevalent among young people. This is a horrible philosophical affliction that breeds doubt over the worth of an apparently vague direction. At times, taking additional classes beyond the requirements felt useless to me, and recalling even half of what was taught in any given course seemed futile. General studies are often pursued at the expense of time, money, and satisfaction. In addition to taking longer to complete a degree, justifying the expense of paying for superfluous courses, only to graduate as a well-educated jackof-all-trades and master of none, is difficult. While people usually wouldn’t blatantly claim that general education is not worth the time and money (save my German grandmother, who frequently reminds me, “You could have graduated so many years ago. You could have had a real job by now!”), a notion among young people that specializing is a much more intelligent approach to education still lurks. Maybe the hardest aspect of taking general studies is the lack of satisfaction provided. Those who study many subjects spread themselves thin, and lose the feeling that their efforts are pushing

them toward reaching a tangible goal. Feeling productive is a desirable sensation among students, but it is a feeling that may need to be sacrificed in the name of greater perspective. My justification for persevering in general studies, despite the apparent setbacks, is that I see it as an investment. I am putting in the hard work now, stretching myself from one corner of campus to the other, feeling like I am out of my depth, and trying to stay afloat, because I believe that one day my approach will pay off in several important ways. Learning new things later in life won’t be as hard as it’s made out to be, novel situations will be easier to handle with a bigger toolbox of problem-solving approaches, and rash decision-making will be avoided by understanding that issues are much more complicated than they seem. However, a greater emphasis shouldn’t be placed on general education than on specializing—we would lose invaluable expert resources if that were the case. Specializing is an integral part of academic and social spheres, and some people need to spend every waking hour of their life concerned with one specific task in order to move our whole society forward. Pursuing general education without some idea of how to eventually apply a broad

BETH MAY (GRAPHIC) base of knowledge is also dangerous. In the absence of a raison d’être, an overwhelming sense of stagnation and hopelessness may instead be the lasting mark of a general education. Lastly, general education does not necessarily mean taking every “Intro to…”-course offered. Multitudes of ways to become educated outside of a given field are available. Talks and presentations happen around town on a regular basis; thousands of wellwritten, interesting, and reliable books

can be borrowed from a library; coffee shops are rich sources of education, full of people discussing their projects and visions, waiting to be met or eavesdropped upon. So, next time you feel that your courses are not applicable, or that you shouldn’t take the time to read about subjects outside of your field of study, know that your multifaceted endeavours are a vastly important investment not only in your own future, but also in the future of our society.

Geopolitical conflict in Ukraine escalating NICHOLAS BURTON-VULOVIC After three months of mostly peaceful protesting and several days of violent repression, the one-time president of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukoych, has abruptly abandoned his post in favour of safer havens. Slow and ineffectual in his response to the Euromaidan protestors who have occupied Kiev since Nov. 21, Yanukovych unleashed violence against opposition groups. Only a day later, the president had left his lavish mansion to the mobs, fleeing in the face of an outstanding arrest warrant; rumours circled widely on the whereabouts of Ukraine’s leader. The following Monday, Ukraine’s acting Interior Minister Arsen Avakov speculated that Yanukovych had retreated to a private villa in Crimea, a stronghold of ethnic Russians who

supported the $15-billion aid deal with Russia that Yanukovych had worked to broker. That Crimea would be a safe place for Yanukovych is unlikely—both Russians and the president’s former supporters in his own party have called Yanukovch a traitor and a coward for fleeing the capital. His retreat alludes to the continued troubles of the Ukrainian state even with the removal of Yanukovych’s corrupt government. Russia is unlikely to give up its say in Ukrainian politics altogether. A December poll showed that 45–50 per cent of Ukrainians supported Euromaidan, but that an equal 42–50 per cent opposed it. Russia has too many interests in its western neighbor—a large population of ethnic Russians, and a historical affinity to its cultural cradle, never mind the home

of its Black Sea fleet in Sevastopol—to abandon it entirely. And Putin—ever the KGB Cold Warrior, despite the dawning of a new millennium—continues to see shadows of western influence in every action and reaction of the protesting groups. For all involved, neither civil war nor a split Ukraine would be beneficial. American National Security Advisor Susan Rice said, “It is not in the interests of Ukraine or of Russia, or of Europe, or the United States to see the country split.” But any other course of action will be expensive. That any new government would focus sufficiently on anti-corruption to please Western backers seems unlikely, especially if the scheduled May 25 elections return the likes of Yulia Tymokhsenko—a rival to Yanukovych who has spent the last two years in jail on charges of

embezzlement and abuse of power—to governance. Should the West attempt to exclude Russia from the peace process (as may be interpreted from the G7 decision to drop G8 talks in condemnation of Russia’s intrusion into Ukraine) and encourage nationalist opposition groups based in the historically westward-focused Lviv to gaze more stalwartly toward the EU, a scorned Russia may undermine the fragile Ukrainian economy by raising gas prices or closing borders. And, in the face of too sudden a reorientation westward, Crimea or Kharkiv, the effective capital of eastern opinion, might rally for autonomous republic status, bringing them closer in toe with the Russian line. And, on top of the ever-simmering threat of discord and civil war lies the



deeply troubled economic state of Ukraine. After all, Euromaidan began over an economic accord with the EU, scrapped in favour of a bailout by Russia. Economic need continues to press Ukrainian lawmakers; repairing Ukraine begins to look like an increasingly expensive project when the national debt includes more than a billion dollars in unpaid gas bills for 2013 alone. European Council President Herman Van Rompuy has said that the “future of Ukraine belongs with the EU,” and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry backed Ukraine’s “fight for democracy.” Russian politicians have been equally verbose, calling the new government armed mutineers and terrorists. Despite the rhetoric, the question now might become who wants Ukraine badly enough to pay for it.

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March 6, 2014



“O how they cling and wrangle, some who claim For preacher and monk the honoured name! For, quarreling, each to his view they cling. Such folk see only one side of a thing” siddhartha gautama, parable of the blind men and the elephant

rizona’s Sonoran landscape is dominated by earthy hues of sepia and sage, intermittently pockmarked by creosote brush and saguaro cacti, with the poppies and owl clover readying themselves to unfurl at the first signs of spring. The Sonoran desert, which covers vast swathes of Arizona, California, and Sonora, Mexico, is one of the largest on the North American continent, covering some 120 000 square miles of largely uninhabited terrain, and is certainly one of the most hostile. It is a place of sublime beauty, yet is also the locale of one of the most significant humanitarian crises occurring on the continent, namely the trafficking of narcotics and human cargo across the U.S.-Mexico border, and unremitting cartel violence borne of this particular enterprise. The border shared by the United States and Mexico runs just over 3 000 kilometres (1 900 miles) in length and is delineated by a fence, which varies between iron grating towering over the landscape to an inconspicuous barbed wire fence in some of the remoter regions of the border area. There are 52 official points of entry along this border, which see hundreds of thousands of travellers entering the United States annually. Yet, it is the nearly half-million undocumented travellers, who fly below the radar and “jump the fence” at various remote, undisclosed points of entry along the border, who are of utmost interest to policy makers and humanitarian workers alike in both the United States and Mexico. Texas has the lion’s share of borderland and saw the most apprehensions of undocumented immigrants in 2013; yet it is Arizona, with its 600 kilometres (372.5 miles) of border, that has seen the largest number of undocumented immigrants annually brave the perilous conditions found in the Sonoran desert in the past decade. In September 2013, the Tucson sector of the U.S.-Mexico border, covering some 422 kilometres (262 miles) of borderland, had sent some 29 000 deported migrants to Nogales (Sonora), Mexico, so far in the year—an indication of the probability of matching the previous year’s apprehensions, which totalled an astounding 45 000 migrants. The muscle of the U.S. Border Patrol is largely concentrated in the Tucson sector, which boasts nearly a quarter of the 18 500 agents patrolling the entirety of the U.S.-Mexico border. The conspicuously redundant manpower of this organization, which boasted a capture rate of 87 per cent of illegal migrants in the Tucson sector in 2011, has been shown to be deceiving, however, with recent reports suggesting an apprehension rate of 47 per cent. While thousands of migrants are caught and apprehended annually by this organization in Arizona, nearly the same number go undetected. In the landmark ruling for case Arizona vs. the United States, the Supreme Court upheld the most highly contested clause of an Arizona bill, which requires law enforcement officers to determine the status of an arrested or detained person during a lawful stop, if they have “reasonable suspicion” that the person may not be a United States citizen. What this amounts to, according to skeptics, is legally sanctioned racial profiling, due to the arbitrary nature of what constitutes a “reasonable suspicion” during a “lawful stop.” In addition, policies such as Operation Streamline operate in conjunction with the U.S. prison system to imprison fleeing migrants in privately owned federal prisons. The Bureau of Prisons in the U.S. Department of Justice has colluded with private prison corporations, such as Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) and GEO Group, to build large Criminal Alien Requirement (CAR) prisons, contributing some $744 million and $640 million USD in taxpayer dollars to these particular companies’ revenues, respectively. In return, these private prison companies make generous campaign contributions to various state officials at various levels of government. For the migrants, such a policy is accompanied by a host of other problems; in the first place, if a family travelling together is apprehended by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), adult males in particular will be separated from the other members of the family, transported long distances, and repatriated to an unfamiliar city in Mexico. Despite the obvious dilemmas inherent in breaking up a family in such a way, there are many indirect effects of such a policy. In the first instance, as alluded to above, the migrants will often have little to no familiarity with the area they are finally deported to, having no way to get in contact with family once repatriated in Mexico and little to no money to travel. A recent University of Arizona study shows that nearly 40 per cent of apprehended migrants report having their property seized by U.S. border agents and never returned, leaving them without their belongings and having exhausted the majority of their funds during the journey. The grim reality is that they may become indefinitely separated from their families. There are other problems associated with this deportation strategy, namely

Written by Daniel Oberhaus


March 6, 2014

the safety, or lack thereof, of the immigrants once they have crossed back into Mexico. In the Tucson sector, immigrants are repatriated into Nogales, Sonora, a town renowned for its recent history of violent crime. Despite efforts by the Mexican government through their Humane Repatriation Program—an effort to repatriate migrants to the interior of Mexico—and the work of humanitarian NGOs in the area, migrants are often still deported during the night, arriving in unfamiliar border towns like Nogales as easy targets for criminals. The Kino Border Initiative (KBI) is a bi-national humanitarian aid group founded in 2009. Despite the KBI’s presence on both sides of the border, its primary focus is providing direct humanitarian aid via a medical centre, a homeless shelter for women, and a soup kitchen in Sonoran Nogales. The KBI assists many more souls in need of nourishment through its soup kitchen. Serving two meals a day throughout the week, the KBI managed to serve 48 788 meals to those in need last year.

‘Why do they come here?’ Despite the significant legal and corporeal risks incurred by venturing across the U.S.-Mexico border illegally, many hundreds of thousands annually decide that the reward far outweighs the risk; given the substantial risks, many U.S. nationals cannot conceive of a reward that justifies them, leaving one with the puzzling question: “Why do they come here?” The answers to this question vary. Many in the conservative crowd, such as the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) argue that these migrants are arriving in the United States and only doing harm by filling American labour positions, an intolerable state of affairs while the U.S. unemployment rate sat at 6.6 per cent as of January 2014. Those of the liberal persuasion maintain that migrants are simply seeking a better way of life, refugees from government corruption, violence, and utter poverty that characterizes the lives of many in Latin America; the difficulty in making sense of this crisis is that both arguments are made with equal vigour and will often cite the same statistics to substantiate their claims. Natalia Perez (not her real name), an undocumented Mexican migrant who hiked into the United States in 1988 through Tijuana, says she came here for the employment opportunities. “Finding a job is hard here, because it’s not guaranteed [for an undocumented immigrant],” said Perez, speaking in Spanish for our interview. “But I came here for a better job. A better life.” I spoke with Perez in her small home in Northern Phoenix, where she lives with her second husband and 11 children, whose ages range from 20 months to 18 years. Perez works cleaning houses, making $40 USD a day to scour anywhere from three to six houses throughout the Phoenix area. Her journey to Phoenix was an arduous one; she flew into Tijuana with the father of her children, where they were escorted upon their arrival to a hotel and instructed to wait there for their coyote, an individual who facilitates crossing. The migrant normally commissions a coyote or pollero (chicken-herder), a necessity for which the migrant must expect to remunerate with upwards of $3 000 USD in return for the promise of the coyote to guide the migrant through the Sonoran desert to an arranged pick-up location on the other side of the border. “We left at around 10 at night . . . [and] walked until 3 or 4 in the morning. We waited to walk, in case there were helicopters or planes. They were looking for us,” recalls Perez. “I was scared. I didn’t know any of these people.” Upon their arrival in California, Perez and the father of her children moved to the interior, spending three years in the state prior to heading to Las Vegas for another three years. Perez ultimately found herself in Phoenix, where she will have resided as an undocumented Phoenician for the last 20 years, come this July. “Life is hard as an immigrant here,” said Perez. “But I like

Phoenix. I’m just hoping for an [immigration] reform.” Perez admits that crossing the border is different now; when she crossed, the security presence was much less ostensible, massive walls had yet to be erected, cartel violence was not devastating the border lands, and hiring a coyote had only cost about $250 USD. Yet despite the many differences between Perez’s experience and the border crossing experience of the undocumented migrant today, the motive behind the journey remains similar. “The Border Patrol will tell you that they know the majority of the people that they catch are good, hard-working people who are just coming for work,” said West Cosgrove, director of education at the KBI. Despite Cosgrove’s generous presumptions, when asked to corroborate these facts, the CBP declined to comment. Sarah Launius, a volunteer with the Tucson-based humanitarian aid group No Mas Muertes, has a slightly different view of the CBP than Cosgrove. She says that despite a reasonable working relationship with the CBP, this relationship can become incredibly strained. “[If you go online] there is a video of a border patrol agent dropkicking some of our water jugs,” said Launius. This is bad news for Launius and her fellow volunteers at No Mas Muertes— one of the most significant corporeal risks to immigrants crossing through the Sonoran desert is dehydration. If attempts are continually made to sabotage the food and water drops made by the organization, whether by CBP officers, locals, or cartel members, the chances of an immigrant dying of malnutrition or dehydration raise significantly. In spite of the conservative agenda, which often depicts these immigrants as violent free-riders who are good for nothing except stealing employment from deserving Americans, further analysis suggests that there might be more to this story than the visceral xenophobia exhibited by various members of the United States’s elite, such as Steve King, the infamous Iowa Republican who once constructed an analogy, with his typical poetic finesse, in which he compared immigrants to dogs. Approximately half of Mexico’s 120 million citizens live in poverty, which is defined as income of $177 USD per month for urbanites and $113 USD per month for those in rural areas. Furthermore, a study conducted by Mexico’s Citizen’s Council for Public Security and Criminal Justice last year revealed that five of the 10 most violent cities in the world were to be found in Mexico, most of them in the northern or central parts of the country, with easy access to border crossing routes. For many citizens of Mexico faced with these conditions, there is nowhere to turn save north. For many, heading to the United States is the only feasible option for improving their lot—which is often a poor one, from no fault of their own.

‘No one chooses this unless it’s last resort’ The decision to try for a new life across the border is just the first difficult decision faced by migrants on their journey to the United States. The journey, which often ends up costing the individual migrant upwards of $4 000, is longer for some than for others and offers a serious potential to be a costly failure. “The only way you come up with that kind of money is you literally sell everything [you have] in Mexico,” says Cosgrove. “You sell your house . . . you go in debt.” In 2012, roughly 15 per cent of the migrants apprehended in the Tucson sector were from countries other than Mexico; for these migrants, simply getting to the jump-off points in Mexico, wherefrom their journey must continue on foot, is a long and arduous trek. Many Central American immigrants arrive in Mexico by travelling atop a train known simply as La Bestia (the Beast), a journey that has become increasingly perilous as cartel-related violence runs rampant the country.

The immigrants in transit atop predictable train routes are easy targets for drug cartels in the country, which often kidnap, beat, rape, and/or extort the migrants passing through their territories. A 2011 report by Mexico’s National Human Rights Commission (CNDH, from Spanish) found that cartels typically charged $2 500 USD for the release of kidnapped victims, earning these criminal institutions an estimated $25 million from approximately 11 000 kidnappings orchestrated during the six-month period in which the report was carried out. If the Central American migrant is fortunate enough to make it to northern Mexico, the end of the line for those atop La Bestia, they then join ranks with the hundreds of thousands of Mexicans who annually decide to attempt the journey into the United States. The migrant-coyote dynamic has changed slightly in recent years however, due to an increase of drug cartel-related violence along the border. “You almost have to [hire a coyote] these days,” says Cosgrove. “The cartels won’t let you cross on your own. You have to pay them.” The Tucson sector of the border is now largely in the hands of the Sinaloa cartel, which gained control of the region after the ousting of the Zeta cartel in 2011. In addition to charging migrants and coyotes to pass through their territory, in some instances, cartels force them to act as drug mules by carting drugs such as marijuana across the border, on top of subjecting them to the physical terrors faced by those on the train. Given the intimately connected nature of these illegal enterprises and migration, it is no surprise that the immigration debate is the subject of such heated contention in both countries. Border security and the humanitarian crisis occurring on the U.S.-Mexico border are only one side of this story, however; much debate has recently gone on in the U.S. congress about possible immigration reform legislation which would provide an easier road to citizenship for the estimated 11.7 million undocumented migrants currently residing in the United States as of 2012. “Our response within the U.S. has been a kind of half-hearted gesture toward the fact that the system is not working, and that’s actually kind of questionable, right?” asked Launius. “Any types of broader reform that we talk about can’t be collapsed into increases in enforcement. They do actually have to be addressed separately. Essentially what we’re saying is that immigrants in the country are a threat to national security. If we’re going to allow any pathway to legalization, we also have to continue to crazily ramp up border enforcement and internal enforcement. There’s a question of whether the political will can ever be there.” I spoke with Ana Garcia (not her real name), a 16-year-old figure skater competing in the U.S. junior national championships, who was smuggled into the United States on a bus when she was three months old. This budding figure-skating champion was accompanied by her three-year-old brother and their parents, leaving their home in Sonora so her father could expand his independent business. Despite enjoying life in Phoenix, Garcia feels as though it is restricted. The development of her talent and passion for figure skating is held back immensely by her inability to attend frequent international competitions with her team, sidelined from fulfilling her dream due to her undocumented status. Over one million unauthorized youth (as of 2010) are prevented from developing their talents to their fullest extent. Hundreds continue to die along the border and thousands more are incarcerated annually for no other reason than seeking peace and humane standards of living. It is imperative that the individuals of Mexico and the United States raise their voices and reconcile their petty theoretical differences in debating the essence of this elephant, lest the beautiful hell of the Sonoran desert claim yet another life.

Fear and Loathing in the Sonoran Desert March 6, 2014

Martlet • FEATURE 11


More great recipes at, under our culture, food and drink tab.

A gourmet meal for a deal


Thai beef with basil CAITLIN HANSEN Often, people make New Year’s resolutions to lose weight, whether it be to eat less or exercise more. I, however, vowed to make 2014 my year to learn how to cook, and, unintentionally, gain weight. I pledged to try one new recipe per week, which has given me enough time to seek out appropriate dishes and acquire the proper ingredients, without becoming so overwhelmed that I give up altogether. Even though we are only just two months into 2014, I am already adopting a more inventive approach in meal preparation and my pantry is transforming from bachelor student to epicurean adult. Cooking, as I’m sure many of my UVic colleagues would agree, is sometimes a stressful prospect. When you get home from a day of lectures, whether you’re rushing to work or recharging before tackling a paper, “quick” and “cheap” are the words that come to mind when deciding on dinner. And for those of us that grew up with a stay-at-home mom, cooking a well-balanced dinner involved visits

to the butcher and farmer’s market, followed by slaving in the kitchen. Now, mix starving student with equal parts exam week and “just-like-mommakes-it” expectations, throw it all into the pressure cooker, wait until frustration bubbles over, then order a pizza and taste the failure. My resolution to cook has been centred on recipes that are not only delicious but also easy and inexpensive. Thai Beef with Basil (taken from Bon Appetit website) is a low-calorie dish with all the food groups to make this a weekly dinner staple: fluffy starch, fragrant greens, spicy protein, and a twist of citrus. I should note that the majority of the ingredients are inexpensive; the most expensive items will be the fresh basil and the ground beef. The grade of beef you choose doesn’t matter much, and if the price of fresh basil seems steep ($2.99 per bunch), consider cutting it with spinach. This colourful dish offers an exotic punch of flavour while only requiring basic stove knowledge, and if at first glance it looks difficult, don’t worry. You’ll do just fine if you take note of my tweaks and tips.


(Serves two to four, left-over friendly) 30 ml (2 tbsp) vegetable oil, divided (I used olive oil, or you can use a bit of butter in your skillet and skip it in the slaw) 6 garlic cloves, thinly sliced (mince it for speed) 2 red chillies, thinly sliced, seeded (or not), (I used a millilitre (¼ tsp) of cayenne pepper instead—it really depends on how spicy you want your beef) 450 g (1 lb) ground beef 125 ml (½ cup) low-sodium chicken broth 750 ml (3 cups) fresh basil leaves (I bought two bunches, and it seemed like too much) 2 medium carrots, julienned or coarsely grated (grate for speed, julienne for looks) 2 green onions, thinly sliced (use kitchen scissors for speed) 60 ml (4 tbsp) fresh lime juice (use ReaLime for speed) 30 ml (2 tbsp) soy sauce (preferably low-sodium) 15 ml (1 tbsp) fish sauce 5 ml (1 tsp) sugar (I used brown sugar, because I like to live life on the edge) Steamed rice (I used brown rice—to keep with the theme, obviously) Fresh lime wedges (only for looks) Heat 15 ml (1 tbsp) oil in a large skillet over high heat. Add garlic and cayenne pepper and cook, stirring, until fragrant, about 30 seconds. Add beef and cook, breaking up with a spoon and pressing down firmly to help brown, until cooked through, eight to 10 minutes. Stir in broth, 500 ml (2 cups) basil, until basil is wilted (I suggest covering your skillet to help trap the broth and speed the wilting process). Toss carrots, scallions, 15 ml (1 tbsp) lime juice, a few dashes of cayenne pepper, 250 ml (1 cup) basil leaves, and 15 ml (1 tbsp) oil in a small bowl. Mix soy sauce, fish sauce, sugar, and remaining 45 ml (3 tbsp) lime juice in another small bowl until sugar dissolves. Top rice with beef and slaw, and drizzle with soy dressing.

2 0 0 2 G O V E R N O R G E N E R A L’ S A W A R D W I N N E R

UNITY(1918) Written & Directed by Kevin Kerr

March 13-22, 2014

STUDENTS! CHEAP $7 PREVIEWS NIGHTS: MARCH 11 & 12 Set & Lights: Allan Stichbury, Costumes: Halley Fulford, Music: Francis Melling, Sound: Colette Habel, Stage Manager: Kristen Iversen


March 6, 2014

“... powerful and moving ... celebrates love, sex, death and the sorrowful mysteries of war and plague. It’s also painfully funny.” GLOBE & MAIL


Yakimandu—six pieces of Korean-style fried dumplings—at King Sejong restaurant

Hot pot pairs well with Karaoke

King Sejong presents excellent Korean food at student-friendly prices ADRIAN PARADIS Victoria is not home to a huge population of Korean restaurants, but among the few, King Sejong is arguably the best. For reasonable prices,

they will offer up large quantities of spicy, tasty, and (I am told) authentic Korean cuisine. My girlfriend and I have a standing tradition going back to that fateful and awkward first Valentine’s Day.

Rather than spend hordes of money on romantic fine dining meals, we seek out the forgotten, the dingy, and the more adventurous ethnic meals for our date. So, over the reading break, we got dressed up to spend an

evening out in the humble settings at King Sejong (650 Yates St.). Stepping into the warm restaurant, we gratefully accepted the tea that was offered to us. Served in plastic teacups, it had a toasted barley taste that was comforting and delicious on a cold day. Being too famished at this point to make any serious decisions about dinner, we ordered Yakimandu dumplings ($7.99) as a starter. Similar to a gyoza, the dumplings were crispy and filled with a garlic and green onion-pork mixture. They were also served at a near molten temperature; something I only discovered after popping one into my mouth. Despite the scalded tongue, we were still eating the garlicky dumplings when our meals arrived. The Hotpot Bibimbap ($10.99) that I had ordered came in a stone bowl with a fried egg still sizzling on top; an addition that makes any dish better. My girlfriend’s soup-like Yuk Gae Jang ($11.99) was literally red hot and boiling when it was placed on the table. To our surprise, our waitress kept delivering food. She laid out small side dishes of kimchi, cold bean sprouts, plain white rice, and spicy fish cakes, all of which apparently came with our meals. Finally, she placed down a small bowl of miso soup; something that made me want to question both my limited knowledge

of Korean cuisine and my source that had vouched for the authenticity of this place. The bibimbap was a giant bowl of goodness. The layers in the bowl revealed new surprises, as different flavours and textures were discovered. The pork and vegetables on top gave way to rice underneath that had cooked to the sides and bottom of the hot bowl, giving it a fantastic crispy texture. The Yuk Gae Jang, while lacking the variety of texture and layers I was enjoying so much in the bibimbap, was also fantastic. The broth was just as spicy as its red colour advertised, and the glass noodles and vegetables floating in the broth added some needed substance. Though, with its open atmosphere and vinyl/linoleum finishes, King Sejong may not have been the most romantic restaurant, we couldn’t have asked for a better Valentine’s setting. The food left us more than satisfied and was more enjoyable than some meals we have paid twice as much for. For the full Korean themed evening, we ventured into Lotteria Karaoke next door. It’s more fun than you might think; however, be advised, the prices there may not be as cost effective as King Sejong.

March 6, 2014


How Canadian content grew up


Remembering Treble Charger and other Canadian artists of the past MIA STEINBERG I’m a radio host and music critic, and as a result I know a lot of amazing Canadian bands—stuff like Good for Grapes, The Zolas, A.C. Newman, and The Dears, just off the top of my head. But it wasn’t always that way; before the Internet made music easy to distribute and market, the concept

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of Canadian Content was frustratingly boring. By the end of the 1990s, our airwaves were required to fill 35 per cent of their time with homegrown content, but it was tough to be really proud of your heritage when the best of your nation was Shania Twain. If you want an idea of what it was like in the bad old days, just listen to any light rock station; they’re still stuck in the rut

where Celine Dion, Alanis Morissette, Bryan Adams, and Nickelback are the only viable Canadian bands. In the 2000s, there were a few standout Canadian success stories— Avril Lavigne, Sum 41, and Our Lady Peace, to name a few. But one Canuck band was an early favourite of mine, and despite some early promise, they disappeared in the wake of more

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March 6, 2014

consistent stuff from the United States: Ontario’s Treble Charger. Treble Charger was one of the main Canadian pop-punk bands of the 2000s, and Wide Awake Bored, their fourth album, was the first to gain some decent airplay in the United States. This is likely due to the hit single “American Psycho,” which topped the Canadian charts and managed to nab some attention in the Lower 48. It’s intriguing to listen to it now, having access to a much broader variety of Canadian musicians and bands, because in the past 15-odd years, Canadian music has gotten a lot more confident in itself. Nowadays, our relatively mainstream bands are things like Metric, The New Pornographers, and Stars; they’re high-calibre talent with their own sense of identity and unique sound, without feeling as if they must compete directly with their American counterparts. Things weren’t so simple back in 2001. The first two tracks of Wide Awake Bored are phenomenal. “Brand New Low,” the opener, starts with a catchy bass line and some fantastic percussion and builds to a prototypical (but excellent) example of the snotty, fun pop-punk of the early 21st century. The subject matter is old school, parents-don’t-understand, early teen rebel. Then “American Psycho” kicks in, and it’s easy to see why this was Treble Charger’s biggest hit. It’s just perfect for its subgenre—a classic song about the dark side of being famous, sung by a bunch of privileged white guys playing at punk rock. Here’s the chorus, as a sample: “Now I know how far you go To be the next freak show American Psycho Cover of the magazines, patron saint for troubled teens Wish I’d never heard your name” This was the world of the 2000s, before social media made Warhol’s 15 minutes of fame into a genuine possibility for anyone with Wi-Fi. This was before Wi-Fi was really a thing, even. And this was what happened in Canadian music before the indie wave. We were the curators of American culture,

observing everything but limited in our actual participation. Our cultures are just different enough that we could identify with a lot of the U.S. experience while still being separate from it, and our music was often a slightly less successful version of whatever the Yanks were putting out. That isn’t to say we were just aping it; we were often pretty good at being critical of a world that felt like ours. Treble Charger had one more album before they disbanded: 2002’s Detox. It is a great deal more rock-heavy, with crashing drums and crunchy guitar chords on songs like “Hundred Million” and “Ideal Waste of Time.” The band was trying to catch up to the pop-punk superstars of the day— Blink-182 with Take Off Your Pants and Jacket, Sum 41 with All Killer No Filler, and The Offspring with Conspiracy of One (along with their impressive back catalog of established hits). These albums brought a manic energy to the pop-punk scene that Treble Charger couldn’t quite match; they were the quintessential Canadian sibling, trying to play with the big kids but never quite making it. It’s a shame, because the thing about Detox is that it contains Treble Charger’s one truly brilliant ballad: “Don’t Believe it All.” It’s a wrenching breakup song in the vein of Offspring’s “Denial, Revisited”; in fact, you could probably call it a smudgy carbon copy. But even so, the melody and the emotionality are raw and genuine. If Wide Awake Bored had consisted of the better parts of itself and Detox, and included “Don’t Believe it All” as its one slower song, then it would have been one of the best albums of the pop-punk era. As it stands, it was the final breath of a band that probably deserved better. If the role of a radio host is to help listeners discover new music, then part of that involves being a curator of beloved forgotten pieces of history; for me, Treble Charger was a vital part of my adolescence, and I still fondly recall their best songs, knowing that they helped shape both the overall state of Canadian music and the person I would someday become.

Pompeii fails to delight


Gladiator meets Titanic; audience wishes it hadn’t NICHOLAS BURTON-VULOVIC In his latest disaster-adventure film, Pompeii, director-producer Paul W.S. Anderson of Mortal Kombat and Death Race 2 fame attempts to bring to modern audiences a classic tale of love and laughter from the streets of doomed Pompeii. Rather like the ending, the movie’s calibre fails to surprise movie-watchers, who are treated in equal measure to enterprisingly aggressive articles of explosive 3D magma and the apparently unironic dialogue of a high-school drama class. I’m a sucker for most movies set in ancient Rome. I’ve probably seen Gladiator a dozen times. The idea of another movie about Roman gladiators fighting for their freedom in the pale glow of an adulating crowd, while not original, nevertheless presents certain exciting opportunities for plot-driven orgies of violence. And, truth-be-told, Gladiator itself was perhaps not the most original film in Russell Crowe’s repertoire. Pompeii has a promising start. Young Milo’s tribe of Celtic horsemen are brutally murdered by a group of inexplicably angry Romans, led by Senator Corvus (Kiefer Sutherland) and aided by his brutal minion Proculus (Sasha Roiz). Although it rather resembles that scene in Lord of the Rings in which the procession of orcs that is kidnapping two curlyhaired hobbits is slaughtered by the horsemen of Rohan, it sets the scene nicely for a brainless romp through fantasyland. We’re then bounced forward a decade to Londinium, where the boy Milo has grown into an ab-tastic Jon Snow, sold into slavery, and forced to fight. Perhaps unsurprisingly, vengeance has stayed somewhat on the young lad’s mind and a sort of muted anger seems to be his main character trait. That and the abs. Eventually, our hero is whisked along to Pompeii to fight in bigger, better arenas than the humble Britons

can offer at the time. Along the way, he brutally murders a horse belonging to a rich woman, who takes the act as an opportunity to fall headover-heels in love with the gentleman in question. The rest of the movie proceeds almost entirely as you’d expect it to. Milo fights a number of ridiculous opponents, upsetting the Romans, who are, through marvelous coincidence, led by the same man who murdered his family. Eventually, the volcano erupts and kills everybody, putting them and the audience out of their collective misery. Now, I will admit, the sets are fantastic. I could barely believe it wasn’t filmed in Rome itself, rather than a soundstage in Toronto somewhere. The computer-generated images and costuming are superb. If you want to get a feel for an ancient Roman city and the people who dwell there, this movie paints a far more authentic picture than Gladiator. Unfortunately, the volcano presents a more exciting and nuanced character than any portrayed by human actors. Will it explode? Won’t it? What was its relationship with its mother like? Perhaps unsurprisingly for an Anderson movie, allusion is painted with a deft and subtle brush— scenes of both action and love are interspersed with shots of bubbling magma, tossing and churning like witches’ brew. We are, it seems, being slowly pushed toward the uneasy feeling that something bad is going to happen here. And indeed it does. And the real problem with the movie (aside from its unfortunate plot, based around the love of two absolute strangers who share almost no screen-time whatsoever and possess no particular on-screen chemistry) is the writing. It’s embarrassingly reminiscent of George Lucas. I almost expected a wistful criticism of the graininess of sand. It felt vaguely like an attempt at a historical classic—Ben Hur, perhaps, or Lawrence of Arabia—but with

no real depth. In the final moment of confrontation with his clan’s murderer, Milo seemed poised to burst forth with, “You killed my father; prepare to die!” However, of course, he

didn’t. But what else could he say? Ultimately, Pompeii is as unsatisfying for audiences as it is for our heroes, who would no doubt have preferred to honeymoon somewhere a bit more

clement than under a field of magma. I rate it two out of five dead Romans.

March 6, 2014


MARCH 7 – 13 ARTS Thursday, March 6

TAMAS DOBOZY READING AT OPEN SPACE In partnership with UVic’s Department of Writing, Open Space will be hosting Tamas Dobozy to read excerpts from Siege 13, his book of short stories. The reading will begin at 7:30 p.m., located at 510 Fort St. Admission is by donation.

Friday, March 7

SUPPORT UVIC’S ORCHESTRA Attend UVic’s orchestra performance in the University Centre as part of Ideafest 2014. Tickets for students are complimentary if reserved 48 hours in advance, or $5 at the door.

Wednesday, March 12

VISITING ARTIST SERIES: CAROL WAINIO Stop by the UVic Visual Arts building from 8–10 p.m. to learn about Canadian visual artist Carol Wainio, who has exhibited her work widely across Canada.

COMMUNITY Friday, March 7

INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S DAY LUNCHEON Experience Victoria’s 4th annual luncheon celebrating International Women’s Day, at a cost of $75. The luncheon, organized by the Bridges for Women Society, includes a silent auction, inspirational speakers, and networking opportunities. The event will take place at the Union Club of B.C., 805 Gordon St. from 10:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.

Sunday, March 9

VICTORIA ORCHID SHOW Looking to get away from campus and Victoria’s downtown? Take a trip to Our Lady of Fatima Hall, at 4635 Elk Lake Rd. for a rare, blooming orchid show. Entry is $7, any time between 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Monday, March 10

GENTLE YOGA MONDAY Start your week off relaxed with a half hour yoga session at First Metropolitan United Church, 932 Balmoral Rd. The gentle session takes place from 10:30 to 11 a.m., at a cost of $5.

FOOD & DRINK Wednesday, March 12

BIN 4 HALF-PRICED BURGERS Take a mid-week burger break after 9 p.m., by getting 50 per cent off with purchase of a drink. Offer applies all week. Bin 4 is located at 180-911 Yates St.

LECTURES Friday, March 7

ORIENTAL RUG SEMINAR Drop by Ten Thousand Villages at 1009 Government St. for a free seminar on the origins of fair trade oriental rugs and the artisans who create them. Between 7 and 8 p.m., learn how to distinguish between Persian, Tribal, and Bokhara rugs.

Saturday, March 8

CHINATOWN GUIDED TOUR Did you know Victoria is home to Canada’s oldest Chinatown? Take a 90 minute guided tour and enrich your knowledge of Victoria’s past, starting at 10:30 a.m. Tickets are $13 for students, paid in cash at the corner of Government and Fisgard (“Big Pearl” statue) before the tour begins.

MUSIC Tuesday, March 11

SWING MUSIC NIGHT AT SWANS BREWPUB Don’t let Tuesdays get you down. Attend a swing music night at Swans Brewpub. Entry is free, and a pint of Swans beer is on special for $4.50. Music begins at 9 p.m., at 506 Pandora Ave.

Thursday, March 13

LUCKY BAR’S SOCK HOP THURSDAYS Playing the best dance hits from the 1950s to the 1970s, get your dance on from 10 p.m. to 2 a.m. for only $5 cover. Lucky Bar is located at 517 Yates St. MICHEL GHANEM


March 6, 2014

Sports | Lifestyle Vikes swim their way to four medals Next week: how a sour-neutralizing berry left a sour taste in a candy-maker’s mouth.

Medals and memories brought home from Toronto TYLER BENNETT The Vikes swim team returned from the CIS Championships in Toronto and both the men’s and women’s teams brought home hardware to put on the shelf. The men’s team finished seventh out of 20 teams at the event, while the women’s team finished 13th out of 22 teams. This tournament was the most difficult the swim team had encountered all season, and the two teams handled the competition very well, including podium finishes from Keegan Zanatta, Stephanie Horner, and Jon McKay. The team was happy with their performances against tough competition and will use this as a confidence builder and a stepping stone moving forward. The first day of the event would see Zanatta capture UVic’s first medal of the tournament, swimming to bronze in the 200-metre freestyle. The Vikes would capture two more medals on day two of the event. Horner won bronze in the 200metre fly and Zanatta swam to a gold medal in the 400-metre freestyle with an impressive time of 3:45.85, capturing the first and only CIS gold medal for UVic. McKay would close out the tournament with a tremendous showing of endurance and determination, as the

rookie sensation would swim to a silver medal in the 1500-metre freestyle. The Vikes won four medals throughout the meet, but not without other great performances from both the men’s and women’s teams. Second-year Rachel Newman made the trip to Toronto and came home with great memories and impressive finishes, including her personal best eighth place finish in the 200-metre fly. “I think the women’s team did really well,” Newman says. “The fact that all the women got a second swim was really great.” Newman recollected the stiff competition at the national championships. “We know we’re an underdog-type team,” Newman says. “The fact that we went up against these big teams and managed some best times was pretty awesome.” Veteran swimmer Ian Mattock is in his fifth and final year of swimming at UVic, and he also elaborated on the experience of the national tournament. “It’s nice going out east to race against the Ontario guys and the Quebec guys we don’t normally get to see,” Mattock says. “The level of competition goes up quite a bit, you have to rise to the occasion.” Mattock is happy with his performance at his last CIS Championships and said, “It’s

Jon McKay in a training session at McKinnon gym

a good way to go out for me.” Head Coach Peter Vizsolyi is in his 31st year with the program, and he commented on the mindset of his team heading into the national championships. “I try not to have a team expectation,” Vizsolyi says. “It’s a very hard thing to predict.” Viszolyi said that he looks more for improvement rather than expecting


certain results from his swimmers. Vizsolyi says, “There’s always mixed results ... We’re looking for our swimmers to compete the best they can within their capabilities.” Viszolyi was impressed with the improvements many of his swimmers made, including McKay and Jennifer Short. “There were some really outstanding performances,” Viszolyi says. “There

were no disasters either.” The Vikes swim team left Toronto with more than just hardware. They shared some quality memories that even included an after party with some of the Toronto Raptors. This was another successful tournament for both the men’s and women’s teams, and both squads are feeling happy with their performance on the country’s biggest stage.

Vikes secure bid to CIS Final Eight

UVic wraps up a successful Canada West season and heads to the national championships confident ALEX KURIAL The Vikes men’s basketball postseason charge is rolling into March with a dominating win over the Fraser Valley Cascades in the Canada West semifinals, securing UVic a spot in the CIS National Finals. UVic had just missed out on hosting the regional tournament, as the

top-ranked Alberta Golden Bears eclipsed the Vikes by one game in the regular season standings. With Alberta winning their first round playoff series against the UBC Thunderbirds, UVic was forced to take care of business on the Edmonton campus. The team carried plenty of momentum with them after a thrilling home playoff series against the Winnipeg

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Wesmen the week before. After a poor display in their loss on Feb. 21, UVic stormed back to win the final two games to keep the season alive. Hours after the deciding win against Winnipeg, the Vikes learned their opponents in the semifinal matchup would be the Fraser Valley Cascades. While this may have appeared to be welcome news, with UVic sweeping the Abbotsford-based side in a two-game home series in November, the fact that Fraser Valley had played them close, and that the game was in a neutral venue, meant UVic could be anything but relaxed going into the matchup. The Feb. 28 game saw UVic get off to a blazing start, going up 10-2 in the first three minutes. As expected, the Cascades pushed back, trailing by just six after the first quarter and by 10 at the half. Any thought of an upset was firmly put to bed in the second half however, courtesy of lights-out shooting from the Vikes. UVic knocked down six three-pointers after the break, to go along with an overall shooting mark of 50 per cent. A 16-4 run to open the third, capped by a driving layup from senior forward Terrell Evans, effectively put the game out of reach. Choosing to leave nothing to chance, the Vikes continued to pour on their defeated opponents, opening up a game-high lead of 30 in the fourth off an emphatic slam dunk by fourth-year centre Chris McLaughlin. It was cruise control after that, the final score 77-57 in UVic’s favour.

Third-year point guard Marcus Tibbs played a major role in the victory, posting game highs in points and assists with 16 and eight. Evans and McLaughlin each had double-doubles, with 10 points and 10 rebounds, and 15 points and 10 rebounds, respectively. With the Canada West conference sending a minimum of two teams to nationals, also known as the CIS Final Eight, the result meant that UVic was a lock for the year-end tournament. Their Saturday game against the Alberta Golden Bears, who defeated the Saskatchewan Huskies 83-65 in the other semi-final, would therefore be played for Canada West bragging rights, and preferable seeding at nationals. UVic would fall just short in its quest for a 15th Canada West banner, as the Golden Bears held on in front of a massive home crowd of 2319, for an 82-77 win. The win gave Alberta their 11th regional title, trailing only UVic in total banners. While it looked as though the Vikes might complete a frantic fourth-quarter comeback, they had ultimately dug themselves too deep a hole early on, being outscored 22-6 in the second quarter. McLaughlin was once again dominant, posting his fourth-straight double-double, with 25 points and 12 rebounds, both game highs. Tibbs added nine assists, while third-year guard Mack Roth chipped in with 10 points off the bench. The Vikes did what they needed to on the road, and now head to their March 6, 2014

second straight CIS Final Eight tournament. It will only take one win to improve on last year’s result, as a cruel draw forced the Vikes to go up against the Canadian basketball powerhouse Carleton Ravens. Carleton made easy work of UVic en route to their record ninth CIS championship. UVic enters the 2014 championships in a much better position; their fourth seed earning them a first-round matchup against the fifthseeded McGill Redmen, champions of Quebec’s RSEQ conference. Tipoff is scheduled for 5:30 p.m. EST (2:30 p.m. PST) on Friday, March 7 as the two sides will play the third of four quarterfinal games. The host side Carleton surprisingly enters the tournament as the second seed, after losing the Ontario conference’s OUA final to the Ottawa Gee-Gees. Alberta claimed the three seed in the tournament, while fellow Canada West side Saskatchewan Huskies earned the eighth and final spot through a CIS coaches committee vote, as the strongest side not to have clinched an automatic berth. The Saint Mary’s Huskies, champions of the Maritime AUS conference, and McMaster Marauders, OUA third-place finishers, round out the tournament. The CIS Final Eight tournament runs March 7–9 from Ottawa’s Canadian Tire Centre. All games can be seen live online at Sportsnet360 will carry Saturday’s semifinal action, while the March 9 final will be shown live on Sportsnet.

MARTLET • Sports | Lifestyle 17

Kickin’ it old school

Resilience: the ultimate life tool SHANNON K. AURINGER Routine can be a student’s best friend when trying to balance the heavy load of academics and the responsibilities of real life. Getting a consistent rhythm going can ensure that everything gets done on time and can help minimize stress. But what happens when things don’t go quite as planned? We’ve all had those days, where we woke up and realized we either forgot to buy coffee the night before, the straightener broke, or we missed the bus. Those unimportant little things can sometimes play a big role and put a serious kink in our day. They may even start a chain reaction of unfortunate events, which leave us eagerly anticipating bedtime, just to end the day. What if the things that disrupt our lives aren’t so little though? It could be that you just discovered, after two failed exams, that you’re not so great at math. This creates a bit of a problem, since you happen to be a Physics major. Maybe the news that you’re expecting a baby, when you didn’t exactly plan for it, leaves you wondering if you’ll still be in university when your kid gets there. Or that party last weekend left you with an eviction

notice tacked to your door. Whatever the issue, big or small, ultimately they’re all called “life.” Let’s face it, shit happens, and it happens on a regular basis. In life, it’s not the problem that’s the problem, it’s your attitude about the problem. This is where the concept of resilience comes in. Resiliency is all about change and one’s ability to adapt to hiccups in their environment. We’ve all heard of people, or maybe we are one of those people, that like things to stay the same. Not big fans of change. There’s a problem with this comfort zone, and it brings us back to my earlier statement—Shit Happens. In order to squeegee it off and continue on the path of success, you must learn to grieve your loss without getting trapped in the hamster wheel of “this isn’t the way it’s supposed to be.” Once you finish grieving, you then start to make a new plan and move forward. Maybe further down the road things get tweaked and amended a little more. Being resilient is not about constantly changing, it’s about having the ability to change and adjust when necessary. If you happen to be one of those people with the lucky horseshoe shoved way up an unmentionable

BETH MAY (GRAPHIC) cavity, then by all means stop reading now. But for the other 99.9 per cent of us, it’s important to understand that when something goes wrong, there is no benefit of having a pity party for one over extended periods of time. Continuing to hold on to something that’s just not going to happen, either in the short term or long term, can cause copious amounts of unneeded frustration. Maybe it’s as simple as finding another way to accomplish your goal, or maybe it’s accepting that it might not be something that is going to work for you, possibly ever. Part of

being an adult is understanding that we are not all five-year-olds playing baseball; not everyone gets a trophy. Another part of resiliency is perseverance. If you want something enough, you can have it. You can be successful in life, if you keep focused on your long-term goals. But long-term goals and a person’s definition of success should be flexible and not cast in concrete. Why? Because shit happens, and sometimes we need to adjust. If your loving relationship didn’t work out, then by all means grieve it. Cry, pout, scream, and even send a

few blubbering drunk texts. But then wash your face, put on a clean shirt, and move on. Persevere and get back out there and use your energy to find someone that it will work out with, instead of using your energy to mope over someone who doesn’t want you. Whether it is a small problem or big problem, it doesn’t matter. The key is to adjust and adapt, then move forward. It’s as simple as keeping in mind that success happens to those who keep trying, regardless of how many hiccups or failures they leave in their wake.

Vikes track nationals bound UVic looking to sweep podium at CIS track championships KEVIN UNDERHILL The Vikes track team dominated the middle distances and relays at the Canada West track championships on Feb. 20–22 in Edmonton. After a brisk two-week stay at home, UVic returns in full force to the University of Alberta track. The Vikes look to build off their Can West results and make a splash at nationals. Vikes CIS All-Canadian Rachel Francois trained through elementary school and high school at the very same track that UVic took to for Can Wests. The St. Albert native was reminded of the hours she spent training alone on that track. Since starting at UVic, Francois has had the chance to train in a group as opposed to alone. An opportunity that she says makes all the difference. “I love training with a group of competitive girls. We have so much fun, and we feed off of each other’s energy in training,” Francois says. The team chemistry and support provide a huge lift when it comes to competition. Francois attributes the successful results in Edmonton to the atmosphere the team provides. “We are all at every race. The team is at every event supporting each other,” Francois says. “I know it is easier to run when you have the support of your teammates.” Francois raced to a silver medal in the 600-metre run, closely followed by teammate Grace Annear. Annear and Francois teamed up with Nicole Soderberg and Jenica Moore to win gold in the 4x400metre with a blazing time of 1:41.07. Francois was happy with her 600-metre

18 Sports | Lifestyle • MARTLET

March 6, 2014

time but looking to build off that for the CIS championships. Meanwhile, she was ecstatic when talking about the 4x400metre relay team. “I started slow this year. I was hoping for first [in the 600-metre], but I got a personal best, so that’s great,” Francois said. “The relay was amazing though. Everyone raced so well.” The unit of Soderberg, Francois, Moore and Annear also topped the podium in the 4x800-metre race. Rounding out the notable Vikes women at Canada Wests was Shauna McInnis, who put up an impressive 4:32.44 in the 1500-metre, which was good enough for the silver medal, and Madeline MacDonald’s thirdplace finish in the 3000-metre. With the increasingly difficult Canada West division, the Vikes are doing their part to stay competitive. They have kept their bodies healthy and tapered down in anticipation for the CIS championships this weekend. Thomas Riva headlined a dominant Vikes men’s side in Alberta two weeks ago at Can Wests. Riva was named CIS male track athlete of the year, an honour he is proud to bring home to Victoria. “It’s pretty special to be given the award,” said the 22-year-old Qualicum Beach native. “The competition is getting better every year, so it’s a nice thing to have.” Riva echoes the sentiments of teammate Francois in regards to the team atmosphere. Racing indoor allows for more noise, and having supportive teammates can give you just the edge you need. “Having the team out watching is a

huge boost,” said Riva. “You know you have to fight for every point, and you know the team needs you.” The Vikes men came second overall in points with 67 at Canada West Championships, despite only bringing a 10-man roster. The roster may have been short, but it was packed with talent. Riva won the 1500-metre and placed second in the 1000-metre. Teammate Oliver Collin got the bronze in the 1000metre and Kyle Irvine placed third in the 1500, putting more blue and gold on the podium. Vike Brendon Restall put up a dominating individual performance in the 600-metre, winning the gold with a time of 1:18.76. UVic’s Karl Robertson and Kyle Irvine put up silver and bronze, respectively, in the men’s 3000-metre. UVic dominated the relays in both the men’s and women’s divisions at Can Wests. The team of John Pratt, Tyler Smith, Riva, and Restall took home gold in the 4x400-metre. Restall and Smith were headlined in the 4x800-metre gold medal performance along with teammates Cole Peterson and Oliver Collin. The focus now turns to the CIS championships. After an impressive display of indoor running two weeks ago, it’s time for the Vikes to prove it again at the exact same facility. Riva is hoping for impressive results from himself and the team at CIS. “I’m really looking forward to [CIS Championships],” Riva says. “Both events are pretty deep and I’m excited for the challenge. We also have great relay teams and we are going to try to win those events.”


Elevator eyes (n) 1. The up-and-down motion of your eyes when yo’ checkin’ out that bootay.


What the calendar months should actually be called January is now Blanduary Because nothing really happens. You tell yourself that you will be a good person after New Year’s and then slowly fizzle into being a schlub once again.

February should really be called Lame-uary Literally the worst month: a whole lot of rain and rainy snow with cold overtones. Let’s face it—this month just blows, and not even in the good way.

March is now Cake Just kidding; it’s a Month of Lies. That one day of sunshine in a blanket of misery isn’t fooling anyone.

April is going back to Aperire The Latin word meaning “to open,” which represents snakes jumping out of jars of nuts in trickery. Of course, they used real snakes back then because they hadn’t yet invented the spring. JONCLEGG VIA FLICKR COMMONS (PHOTO)

The harrowing shock of McKinnon gym REGAN SHRUMM At approximately 5 p.m. Feb. 1, horror struck second-year psychology major Alex Ferguson. “I was feeling restless and wanted to work out that night. I have always gone to Ian Stewart, but that night, I still had a late-night class. Since I had to stay on campus, I ventured to McKinnon gym.” Venture Ferguson did, not knowing the horrific scene that would await her. “Other than the faux-pas orange and red piping, everything seemed normal,” said Ferguson. “I went downstairs and got on an exercise bike, and then it struck me!” A wafting, pungent smell, a mixture of Old Spice and sweaty balls, filled the air and assailed Ferguson’s nose. Over time, the 19-year-old woman developed a resistance to the smell, as long as she situated her nose under her own armpits. “My lavender deodorant only half blocked out the smell,” states Ferguson. “Kind of like when an air freshener can only mask so much from a bathroom.”

But soon, Ferguson was confronted with another obstacle. “All of a sudden, I heard this loud grunt and thought, ‘Holy shit! Someone’s in trouble.’” Ferguson ran over to the man who she concluded was the source of the sound, but instead of being on the floor, reeling with pain, the man was lifting weights. “I watched for a little, just to make sure he was okay.” Ferguson said. “Every time he lifted the bar, he made this sound, a little like he was having an orgasm, yet it also had a twang of agony in it. His face looked like he was having a massive bowel movement.” Feeling uncomfortable, Ferguson went back on the exercise bike and looked the other way, only to find a new biking companion sitting next to her. “This guy was just sitting on the equipment, looking intently at his iPod, without even moving.” Instead, the man was working out the handiest part of his body, the thumbs, by performing small circular motions in shuffling through his iPod, figuring out what music to choose to pump him up. “After 15 minutes, the man was starting to sweat profusely from

this exercise,” Ferguson stated. “After finally settling on listening to ‘Eye of the Tiger,’ the guy walked out of the room.” Turning to leave herself, Ferguson was stopped by some men doing deadlifts directly in front of her. “If one guy did 10 repetitions, the other would call him a ‘jerk’ and do 15,” expresses Ferguson. After realizing that she was being hit on, Ferguson shouted loudly, “You guys are barking up the wrong tree! I’m going back to Ian Stewart to see more ladies’ asses.” However, Ferguson could not be heard over the writhing-inpain cries of the men doing improper deadlifts. When asked about what she learned from the uncomfortable experience, Ferguson declared, “Between avoiding awkward flirting and smells, I actually felt like I had the best work out of my life. I have even started a new routine based on the experience, which includes the ‘Creepier LookAround’ stretch and the ‘Deny and Run’ lunge.”

It’s do-nothing month, folks, so that means it’s time to lay our butts down and try to remember what it was like when we weren’t tearing your hair out every week over paper deadlines—at least until you get bored and pray for the start of the new school year.

June really should be Juuuuuuune Home of the longest day of the year—heck yes! Also, summer.

July? More like Nude-ly Inappropriate clothing abounds; we may as well be nude. Hmm. . . don’t mind if I do. . . *elevator eyes*

August is now Rockets Not really relevant to late summer, but I think we all need more of them in our lives.

September, October, and November should really be one month: Rainuary What the hell else are you good for, fall?!

December is more accurate as Santa ‘nuf sed. KATLYN GOEUJON-MACKNESS


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March 6, 2014



Correction In the Martlet’s Feb. 27 issue, the article “Victoria crowdfunds movies and more” contained an error. A four per cent fee is collected from successful fixed funding campaigns on Indiegogo, not those fixed funding campaigns that fall short.

Editor-in-Chief Shandi Shiach VOLUME 66


The Martlet Publishing Society is an incorporated B.C. society and operates based on our Statement of Principles. We strive to act as an agent of constructive social change and will not publish racist, sexist, homophobic or otherwise oppressive copy. Martlet (SUB B011) P.O. BOX 3035 University of Victoria Victoria, B.C. V8W 3P3

Production Co-ordinator William Workman Business Manager Erin Ball Associate Editor Beth Parker Distribution Co-ordinator Jon-Paul Zacharias

Distribution Marketa Hlavon, Sharon Smiley

Culture Editor Brontë Renwick-Shields

Copy Editor Katlyn Goeujon-Mackness

Opinions Editor Ryan Ziegler


Business 250.721.8359

Web Media Specialist Jeremy Vernon

Graphics and Humour Editor Klara Woldenga

Assistant Editor Nicholas Burton-Vulovic

Staff Writers Janine Crockett, Adam Hayman

Photo Editor Brandon Everell



Contributors Shannon K. Auringer, Tyler Bennett, Alexander Burton-Vulovic, Zoë Collier, Rebecca Comeau, Jack Crouch, Michel Ghanem, Caitlin Hansen, Sarah Hughes, Emma Loy, Beth May, Pat Murry, Patrick Musgrave, Daniel Oberhaus, Adrian Paradis, Regan Shrumm, Mia Steinberg, Joey Wenig, JP Zacharias

Promotions Co-ordinator Chorong Kim

Sports|Lifestyle Editor Kevin Underhill

News Editor Taryn Brownell

Volunteer Staff Chris Anhorn, Alex Kurial, Mary Robertson

Video Co-ordinator Hugo Wong

Business|Tech Editor Max D'Ambrosio

Junior Designer Kaitlyn Rosenburg

Newsroom 250.721.8360

Staff Photographer Brenna Waugh

Cover by William Workman

Junior Reporter Gabe Lunn




March 6, 2014  

Issue 25, Volume 66