THE UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA’S INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER • JANUARY 30, 2014 • VOLUME 66 • ISSUE 21 • MARTLET.CA
#EVENTS #yyj #UVic PAGE 15
NEWS—UVIC RECEIVES FUNDING INJECTION FOR NEW EUROPEAN UNION CENTRE PAGE 3
OPINIONS—DOPING FOR DISTINCTION PAGE 8
CULTURE—HOW ACCURATE IS TEA LEAF READING? FIND OUT PAGE 14
HUMOUR—BIZARRE REVIEWS OF CAMPUS FARE PAGE 19
Saturday, February 1, 7 p.m. $15 general/$10 students/members Advance tickets at ethosos.bpt.me
open word: readings and ideas
Supported by the British Columbia Arts Council, the Capital Regional District, the City of Victoria, the Canada Council for the Arts, British Columbia Community Gaming Grant, and the Victoria Foundation. Additional funders for Ethos Collective: CFUV 101.9 FM and the SOCAN Foundation. Additional funder for Nora Young: the University of Victoria Department of Writing.
READING 1: WED, FEB 5, 1:30 PM, UVIC, ECS, RM 104
READING 2 + INTERVIEW BY DAVID LEACH: WED, FEB 5, 7:30 PM, OPEN SPACE
February 3rd Round 1, night 4
High Noon to Midnight & Forcast & This Day Burns
European parliament debates are translated into the EU’s 23 official languages.
WILLIAM WORKMAN (GRAPHIC)
$445 000 to make UVic an EU flagship school Effects of grant for European Union Centre of Excellence span many faculties ADAM HAYMAN The University of Victoria has received a grant worth $445 000 from the European Union (EU). The funding will allow UVic to be home to the only European Union Centre of Excellence (EUCE) in B.C., and only the third of its kind in Canada. Several disciplines can look forward to offerings of lectures and workshops over the next three years all with an EU focus. “We won one of the largest grants. It’s actually the largest funding program the EU gives to non-European countries,” said Dr. Emmanuel Brunet-Jailly during a phone interview. Dr. Brunet-Jailly is the director of the European Studies Program at UVic. “We are a relatively small university to win this grant,” continued Dr. Brunet-Jailly. “At the time when we competed, we were also competing against UBC, University of Toronto, and York, and Montreal, and these are very large universities. But
the strength that was recognized by the selection committee in Brussels is that we are really going across many disciplines. So what we have is a wealth of teaching and resource activities that have to do with things going on in Europe that are a little bit original.” This multiple disciplinary focus is one aspect of the grant that has been discussed throughout the community. “One of the most interesting things about this grant is that it’s very rare that research grants at UVic are so inter-disciplinary,” said Nicole Bates-Eamer, EUCE project manager at UVic. “Usually they’re in poli-sci and with the Poli-Sci Department, or they’re much more housed in their academic unit, and with this the general theme is EU and we’ve linked people from all different faculties to offer activities.” The spread of disciplines includes the Centres for Religious Studies, Business, Law, Global Studies, Political
Science, Public Administration, and Economics. These areas can expect to see a number of guest lecturers, and a variety of workshops. “Our goal is to bring one scholar per academic month, which would be about eight to 10 scholars per year,” said BatesEamer. According to her, one of the workshops that is exciting is “a workshop on grassroots protests and the recent financial crisis in Iceland, and Spain, and other European countries that basically will be looking at the impact of protest on the financial crisis.” Other programs to look forward to include a collaboration with UVic’s City Talks program hosted at the Legacy Art Gallery. This is not, however, solely an opportunity for the campus. BrunetJailly said, “The centre is able to work through other networks to diffuse knowledge about the EU not just in UVic—to, say, students and scholars—but it goes beyond this.” Dr.
1953 PULITZER WINNING CLASSIC! The moment Hal came to town, nothing would be the same.
Brunet-Jailly has established a large number of contacts as a result of the grant. “What we want to establish is networks of people who are better informed about EU policies and the European Union in B.C.,” said BrunetJailly. “So we are developing basically databases of people who are identifying as having either great interests in Europe and the European Union or a great knowledge.” This database has been developing a great deal after UVic and the University of Toronto received a joint grant in 2009. Brunet-Jailly said, “Because we partnered with the University of Toronto, we basically learned to manage such a centre[. . .]Now we have the capacity to work inter-disciplinary, and it’s not just a poli-sci or a political economy centre on a few policies. It’s something that is a little broader, and that, I think, is the great asset that UVic is able to demonstrate, and I hope that in a couple years that it will be visible across the
province that, you know our constituencies—the people with whom we have worked—will realize and will be grateful, because obviously our goal is to win the next grant.” The fact that Brunet-Jailly is already looking at the next year highlights the confidence in his team. He said they will “all implement their activities very well, so I’m not really worried about the implementation.” He added that, “I want to make sure as we are implementing we are building the ability, so the next time we apply we will be a strong contender, and we can become the flagship university, one of the main centres of the European Union in British Columbia.” All of this is happening just after the Canadian European Trade Agreement (CETA) started milling through the mainstream media. Although the negotiations aren’t complete, this may bring even more possibilities to EUCE.
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MARTLET • NEWS 3
Revised U.S. tax law may leave some expats strapped for cash HOW IT AFFECTS CANADIANS
PETER BOLDT A new American tax law that will take effect internationally in July 2014 could potentially have disastrous financial consequences for U.S. citizens living abroad—including in Canada. The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) has already made its mark on the lives of numerous Canadians. The purpose of the new law, which passed in U.S. congress in 2009, is to catch offshore tax evasion, which has begun to plague the Internal Revenue Agency (IRS). From 2001–2010, the U.S. saw a 5.1 per cent increase in lost tax revenue, jumping from 290 billion to 305 billion USD. In the last decade, there has been an estimated $3 trillion lost to tax evasion.
FATCA is for all intents and purposes an international law. Part of the law requires foreign financial institutions to enter into an agreement with the IRS to identify and provide names of their U.S. American account holders. The IRS will have access to banking and ultimately personal information of any Canadian it deems to be of importance, as of July 2014. If someone has lived in the U.S. for some time, has parents born in the U.S., or if they have dual citizenship, they are subject to inspection by the IRS. Unfortunately, while the law is meant to catch criminals, it has left in its wake distraught law-abiding Canadians. While it serves the purpose of punishing those who purposely evade U.S. taxes, Canadians who believe they
have been paying taxes could potentially end up thousands of dollars in debt to the U.S., because they have failed to file taxes with the IRS.
CANADIAN OPPOSITION In 2011, Canadian Finance Minister Jim Flaherty contacted U.S. media, calling out the effectiveness of FATCA “Most of these Canadian citizens, many with only distant links to the United States, have a very limited knowledge of their reporting obligations to the United States,” Flaherty wrote. Victoria MP and member of the NDP Murray Rankin called FATCA “an agreement that violates Canadians’ rights.” Rankin sent Flaherty a letter urging the minister to implement rapid action against the impending law. In the letter, Rankin also went on to urge the Conservative government
KLARA WOLDENGA (GRAPHIC) to “reject any agreement that violates the rights of Canadians or that fails to offer Canada equal benefits to those provided to the United States.” While the law has the potential to conflict with provincial and federal privacy laws, it is not yet clear whether
the Canadian government has any alternatives. It seems as though some taxpayers’ only option is to renounce their American citizenship, or go through the strenuous procedure of filing taxes annually for both the IRS and the CRA.
Community meets to discuss future of B.C. schools KATLYN GOEUJON-MACKNESS On Jan. 23, members of the community assembled at UVic for a panel discussion on signs and potential dangers of schools in B.C. moving to privatization and commercialization. The panel was co-hosted by the Victoria Chapter of the Council of Canadians and the Social Justice Committee of the Greater Victoria Teachers’ Association (GVTA), and represented by speakers Jessica Van der Veen, Donald Gutstein, and Tara Ercke. The speakers addressed the issues behind B.C. education moving toward privatization, and the effects this has on the teachers, students, and the communities involved. Van der Veen, founder of Let’s Agree to Not Dispose of Schools! (LANDS!), a Victoria-based group committed to stopping the sale of public school properties in B.C., started the discussion looking at the cuts to public school funding in B.C. in recent years. She said that these “unnecessary” and
“unjustified cuts” are the first symptom of a move toward a lack of commitment to public education. “I think that so many of the things that we’ve watched over the last few years . . . indicate a determination to undermine our confidence in the future of public ed,” she said. Van der Veen believes that this undermining is fuelled by false information that is spread in the form of justification for cuts to funding: that B.C. can’t afford public education, that student enrolment is quickly declining, and that the cuts are helping to reach a “debt-free B.C.” According to the panel, cuts to funding are not the only things undermining public education, however. Gutstein, an adjunct professor from Simon Fraser University School of Communication, talked about B.C. education, the goals of the ministry, and their similarities to the goals of Pearson PLC—the largest education company in the world. Gutstein says that education is going
in the way of personalized learning through technology which, he says, is something that the ministry is moving toward and also happens to be Pearson’s business plan. “Replacing teachers and administrators with Pearson’s patented software and programs is a strategy,” he said. “This is why personalized learning using technology is so crucial to the company strategy.” One example that Gutstein gave was the future use of Knewton software—in partnership with Pearson—in online classrooms in B.C. Gutstein says that not only will this move “make every teacher and every student into a potential customer,” but it also poses a risk to face-to-face education and teacher jobs. “The corporate news release assures readers that teachers will still be needed—but where?” Gutstein says that some of the ideals of the education ministry—such as the emphasis on more choice for students and family about where and how learning takes place—promote
the move to private schools and online learning, and, seeing how Pearson has dominated the education product industry in the U.S., B.C. is in danger of having the same thing happen. This emphasis on more choice for students and families can even have a negative effect on the classrooms and the teachers who preside over them, according to Ercke, president of the GVTA. “In many ways, we have two school systems,” she said. “If you’re white, if you’re female, in French Immersion, if you live on the right side of the tracks, if you have parents who choose what school you attend, you probably have a very different school experience than many children who are in very different-looking classes.” This uneven makeup of classrooms, she explains, leads to a situation such as a majority of boys, who she says can be much more difficult to deal with, or a clustering of special needs students with only one special resource teacher. With a lean toward private schools,
education is being more consumerdriven, wherein parents “go shopping” for the perfect school. “It’s a very individual-centric view of schooling that your role as a parent is not to, you know, participate with others in your community by making schools great for everyone, it’s about protecting the interests of your individual child.” This panel discussion was concluded with an audience question and comment session, during which several members of the community, many of whom were teachers themselves, discussed the issues at hand and posited ways to make a change. Ercke said, “As advocates of a public system, we’re well-positioned to actually work with others to start in a conversation about, how do we get to a place where we’re actually talking about the wonderful things that we can be doing with the school system and with our children, instead of how to keep what meagre bit we have left.”
CFUV is an award-winning campus/community radio station based at the University of Victoria. For more information about CFUV, including volunteer info, our program schedule, complete charts and much more, visit us at cfuv.uvic.ca
CFUV TOP TEN — Week Of January 28th, 2014 1.
GROSSBUSTER + Dubble Mint (Self-Released)
HARRISON KENNEDY * Soulscape (Electro-Fi)
SHARON JONES & THE DAPKINGS Give The People What They Want (Daptone)
VARIOUS ARTISTS * Solar Mass Collective: Go Light Go Bright (Solar Mass Collective)
KIRK MACDONALD * Symmetry (Addo)
THEE SILVER MT. ZION MEMORIAL ORCHESTRA * F*ck Off, Get Free... (Constellation)
KINDEST CUTS * Kindest Cuts (Dub Ditch Picnic)
BETRAYERS * Let The Good Times Die (Perfect Master)
TASSEOMANCY * Tasseotape (Self-Released)
CURL + All My Faults (Self-Released)
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4 NEWS • MARTLET
January 30, 2014
What do you think about UVic receiving funding for the European Union Centre of Excellence? “
Sounds kind of interesting. I think if it’s going toward something beneficial for us, it’s good. I don’t have any really strong opinion about it.
” TAYLOR MIDDLETON Second year Child and Youth Care
think that it’s interesting. It’s obviously going to bring a different point of view to students. Not knowing anything about it, I would be excited to see it come here, to learn.
ALYSSA SAVAGE Second year Environmental Studies & Economics
“Events like Congress , if you’re a student here, you have to come up with like $300 and registration and entrance things. It leads to differential levels of participation based on your financial and social privileges at the university and not necessarily based on academic merit. So to have funding initiatives like this come to our university I think is wonderful, and hopefully it will lead to student engagement in scholarly activities.
BRYAN BENNER Graduate student Sociology
DOCUMENTATION BY ADAM HAYMAN & TARYN BROWNELL January 30, 2014
MARTLET • NEWS 5
Samye was the first monastery in Tibet, built in the mid-8th century.
Located near UVic at Shelbourne & McKenzie!
By Donation Hot Yoga Classes: Each week
J. VIA FLICKR (PHOTO)
Victoria welcomes 50 new Tibetan residents Project Tibet Society appeals to public for support
Fridays @ 7:45pm & Sundays @ 5:45pm. Suitable for beginners!
Student Sale on now $299: Unlimited classes
Jan - April 30th 2014. Sale ends Jan 31st buy in studio or online
www.ihearthot.com Bikram Yoga Saanich 1620 Garnet Rd 250-590-3467
Dining Etiquette Workshop February 2-8
Friday, February 7 University Club | 5:30 p.m. – 8:30 p.m. Because you have more important things to think about than which bread plate is yours. Tickets are $20 (including tax) for UVic students or $30 (including tax) for UVic alumni or guests. This $60 value includes a four-course meal, etiquette instruction and an invaluable networking opportunity with UVic students and alumni. Sponsors:
Register at alumni.uvic.ca/events 6 NEWS • MARTLET
January 30, 2014
JANINE CROCKETT The Project Tibet Society held a public forum Jan. 24, to inform the public of a project resettling up to 50 Tibetans in Victoria. The 50 people to take up residence in Victoria are a some of a greater 1 000 to be placed across Canada. The resettlement is a part of Government of Canada public policy to facilitate Tibetans’ immigration from the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India, where they are displaced from Tibet. The resettlement was put in motion when the Dalai Lama made an appeal to Stephen Harper in 2007. The Canada Tibet Committee, with Tibetan Cultural Associations in Canada and the Office of Tibet in New York, then prepared a formal proposal for the resettlement, which was presented to Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Jason Kenney, on Sept. 16, 2009. The first two individuals arrived in Victoria on Dec. 18, but the society is now preparing for six more people to arrive in Victoria. However, before they can arrive, the society has to ensure that there will be sponsorship in the form of accommodation for the six and people to support their adjustment to lives in Victoria. The support would come largely in the form of a group of three people—a Tibetan already adjusted to life in Victoria, a host, and a mentor. The society is also looking for support from the public, including donations of money, furniture, clothing, and other necessities, as well as accommodations. Donations of time are also welcome, if people are interested in being mentors or helping with fundraising. Ray Yee, a representative of the Tibet Society in Vancouver who presented at the Jan. 24 forum, said the sponsorship lasts 12 months, but during that time, those being sponsored are expected to get work and begin the process toward supporting themselves. The resettlement itself is to raise their quality of life from their current statelessness and put them on
the pathway to citizenship. The proposed timeline for the resettlement is for sponsorship applications to be submitted by prospective new residents this February, to conduct interviews of applicants in India in March, and to have those selected arrive in Canada in May or June. Yee said that while the sponsorships may be for families, they often select only one person from each sponsorship to settle initially. Some of the public in attendance at the forum had objections about the separation of families, but Yee said he had struggled with the same concerns, until he realized that it allowed the person coming ahead of their family to focus on adjusting and gaining employment. He said that if the initial member of the family to settle in Victoria already has a stable income and a familiarity with the area, it makes the transition for their family following them much easier. Yee also said that another aspect of the selection process is to try and initially select those Tibetans who have superior English language skills and are high functioning. (He gave no definition of “high functioning” for these purposes.) There were more objections to this from an attendee, but Yee said that it gives opportunity for those without high-level English skills to get additional training in India, so they arrive with a better chance to smoothly transition to Victoria. He said the Tibetans who come first because they have existing English language skills may also pave the way for later arrivals and help newcomers to adjust. The Project Tibet Society, which was founded in 2011 to oversee the implementation of the resettlement project, has a five-year cutoff, and all those Tibetans found eligible must arrive before the summer of 2016. Yee said that if suitable sponsorships are not set up by the deadline, the program may be unable to accommodate the projected number of people.
We make you angry. So prove it. Comment at Martlet.ca.
JP ZACHARIAS (GRAPHIC)
The study drug debate You’re staring at the white background of a blank Word doc. Somewhere in your mind you had a vague outline, but now you can’t remember it. What was it again? Something about a guy? And a thing? And … another thing? The effort to concentrate is almost physically painful. What would you be willing to do to bring everything into focus, right now, effortlessly? People try everything from memory exercises to Ginkgo biloba to prescription pharmaceuticals to try and improve cognitive performance. Methylphenidate, known familiarly by such names as Ritalin and Concerta, increases levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. Dexedrine, a component of Adderall, does the same. Other drugs that do this include cocaine and speed. And while the street drugs do it much faster, there should be no doubt that Ritalin or Adderall is a hell of a drug. Students who take these as “study drugs” to improve their academic game are getting a serious cognitive boost. While they don’t make you smarter per se, at least not by most people’s comprehensive definition of smartness, they do improve concentration and focus ridiculously. Say you take Ritalin and start typing. You might not necessarily write something brilliant, but you will type for a long-ass time. Not many people would turn down improved concentration; you can apply it to anything that matters to you. You could also find yourself in a 12-hour YouTube loop or suddenly fascinated by Tetris. All night. Before a midterm. The institution and your peers would likely have little sympathy for your cheating gone awry. They may take greater issue with a perceived unfair advantage, if the study binge does go as planned. So do study drugs call for caution? Probably. Norepinephrine is a form of adrenaline. Study drugs stimulate the adrenal system. And for people who are already running on minimal sleep and maxed out on stress, this extra stoking of adrenal fires can run them all the sooner into burnout. But people constantly weigh risks to benefits and still decide to pull all-nighters, binge on energy drinks or alcohol, jump out of airplanes. People risk life, limb and freedom just for fun, let alone over pressure to perform academically. If we’re not dissuaded by health risk or illegality alone, maybe study drugs sound fantastic. Remember Bradley Cooper’s character in Limitless? Who didn’t want to be that guy? A few pills take him from bathrobe writer’s block to genius CEO. However, if everyone uses Adderall, it becomes the new baseline that folks with ADHD may once again be challenged to reach. Although, this is kind of like arguing that only the least healthy people should be allowed to improve, for example, the nutritional value of their diet. Illegal trade in ADHD medication may lead to stiffer regulation, so folks who depend on it have less. There’s also the problem of diminishing returns; the more you use, the less effective you may find it. Ultimately, whose decision should it be whether students use substances? It may seem arbitrary that alcohol and energy drinks are okay, while Dexedrine and Provigil are taboo. If it’s based on the latter being dangerous, a simple medical screening could clear people for elective use, like cosmetic surgery. University is either like competitive sports, to be regulated for safety and fairness, or it’s an opportunity for individual learning and pushing limits, exploring your max potential by whatever means deemed valuable. If you don’t agree with non-prescription use of prescription medication, do you support post-exam drug testing? Perhaps the value judgment depends on your individual worldview. Easing our passage through life using science and technology is a defining characteristic of humanity. But don’t people with challenges find alternate routes to success, and isn’t the journey enriching? Do we build character doing it the hard way? Or is it survival of the focused? Editorial topics are decided on by staff at our editorial meetings, held weekly in the Martlet office (SUB B011). Editorials are written by one or more staff members and are not necessarily the opinion of all staff members. Happy? Sad? Enraged? Tell us: firstname.lastname@example.org The Martlet has an open letter policy and will endeavour to publish letters received from the university and local community. Letters must be submitted by email, include your real name and affiliation to UVic and have “Letter to the editor” in the subject line. Letters must be under 200 words and may be edited.
BRANDON EVERELL (PHOTO)
Article on childhood cancer research funding is misleading JUAN PALACIO Recently, a Huffington Post article that some of my friends have been sharing on Facebook has been very irritating: Erin Santos’s “Awareness . . . What a Bullsh*t Word.” Santos comments that the United States spends too much money on government-related expenditures such as elections, and not enough money on childhood cancer research. She also adds that her daughter died of cancer, which I find irrelevant to her uninformed argument. Santos states that only four per cent of the money towards cancer research goes towards childhood (pediatric) cancer research. Santos fails to mention what the four per cent is worth. In the U.S., the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI), budget for 2013 was $4.8 billion (USD). If Santos is correct that childhood cancer research receives 4 per cent of $4.8 billion, that’s $192
million. Childhood cancer research is getting $192 million from the U.S. Congress. And then, one supposes, the other $4.6 billion is given to the bureaucrats to spend on themselves. Wait. No, it’s not. The other 96 per cent of the money goes towards research on other cancers. In 2012, the NCI supported 8 525 different cancer research projects. The funding given solely for the 255 childhood leukemia research projects was $58 518 582 USD. Furthermore, the money that goes to other forms of cancer research may overlap with children’s cancer. For example, the most common cancers found in children (and their NCI funding sums for 2012 in USD) are: leukemia ($234 716 347), brain and other central nervous system tumors ($171 301 440), neuroblastoma ($27 138 562), wilms tumor ($2 991 535), lymphomas ($13 502 757), sarcoma ($61 782 836),
and retinoblastoma, or eye cancer ($3 165 206). This adds to $636 198 683 in funding towards the seven most common types of childhood cancers, including the $58 million that is specifically for childhood leukemia. Including for childhood leukemia, over $6.9 million in funding was given to research for the most common cancers found in children, and yet Santos calls “bullshit” on the effectiveness of childhood cancer research fundraising. Research for penis cancer got less than $3 million. Long story short: childhood cancer research receives a lot of funding, albeit indirectly. I’m not suggesting that it shouldn’t receive more. I don’t believe that research for a disease can get too much funding. I’m saying, however, that Erin Santos’s article is definitely blurring the facts.
anti-terrorism law, by giving humanitarian aid to the elected, civilian Hamas government of Gaza. The court clearly differentiated between the military wing of the Hamas organisation and the duly elected civilian arm of the organisation. To quote Justice Mosley, “To hold otherwise could ensnare innocent Canadians who make donations to organisations they believe, in good faith, to be engaged in humanitarian works.” Canadian charities, such as NECEF Sabeel Canada, support humanitarian work in Gaza, and even give tax receipts for donations, without any fear of arrest for “supporting terrorism.” In 2013, I myself spent over four months in Gaza, volunteering with the International Solidarity Movement,
donating my time, expertise, and funds to repair Hamas government fire trucks, ambulances, and a research ship, and generally assisting Palestinian fishers, farmers and refugees oppressed by the illegal Israeli blockade of Gaza (more of my “incriminating” evidence at kevinneish.ca). As per Justice Mosley’s wise counsel, my humanitarian actions did not support terrorism, regardless of what our present extremist, fundamentalist, pro Zionist Federal government tries to say. Everyone needs to fully exercise and defend their freedoms of expression, thought and action, or you will lose them.
Letters CANADA ALREADY AGREES Re: “Hamas is not al-Qaeda,” Jan. 23, 2014 I would like to express my full support for Ezra Karmel’s Jan. 23 article, “Hamas is not al-Qaeda,” and I believe his position is also supported by a Supreme Court Justice’s opinion. In September 2010, Supreme Court Justice Richard Mosley ruled on the case of the Federal Government barring British MP George Galloway from entering Canada (Toronto Coalition to the Stop War et al. v. The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness et al.) In his decision, Justice Mosley not only allowed Mr. Galloway to enter Canada, he gave his opinion that one does not “support terrorism,” and break Canada’s
January 30, 2014
Kevin Neish Victoria
MARTLET • OPINIONS 7
The Lens: Homelessness
Scorsese flick is sin on film Glamorizing wealth or a commentary on greed? LAUREN CHANCELLOR The Wolf of Wall Street, Martin Scorsese’s Oscar-nominated film of 2013, follows former stockbroker Jordan Belfort from the time he starts his career in 1987 until he is finally sentenced to jail 11 years later. This movie clearly isn’t for everyone. Those uncomfortable listening to discussions of sex and drugs should stay away. Scorsese and Leonardo DiCaprio have paired to bring Belfort’s real-life accounts to the big screen, while 2008 is still fresh in many viewers’ cultural mindset. The Wolf of Wall Street has been widely praised by critics for its
accomplished cast, faithfulness to the autobiography it’s based on, and portrayal of wild antics, despite the explicit language, drug use, and sex. However, some audiences have expressed complaints that the depiction of these hedonistic exploits was glamorizing wealth and excess. Perhaps we’re scared of this lifestyle now, or are quicker to complain when wealth is unabashedly pursued. However, that doesn’t mean the filmmakers condone such behaviour or are telling us to pursue such lavish lifestyles ourselves. There’s a thing called satire, and The Wolf of Wall Street uses it. To properly show the lifestyle of
wealthy, fraudulent stockbrokers taking “enough drugs to sedate greater Long Island” on a daily basis, Scorsese needed to put the audience into that atmosphere by including all the hookers, Quaaludes, and cocaine he could find. Perhaps it was over the top, but that’s what Belfort’s lifestyle was. With most other directors, this story could have turned into a parody, but Scorsese was able to keep the comedy in check. Satire uses humour, irony, and exaggeration to point out the flaws in an issue. Jordan Belfort (played by DiCaprio in the movie) comes off as humorous because of his outrageous antics and the unbelievable things he
says, yet there’s still believability to it. It may be hard to personally imagine thinking like him, but it’s easy to expect that that’s how CEOs and Wall Streeters lived their lives in 2008. Showing Belfort’s wealth required a certain amount of exaggeration. Without seeing the insanity of his lifestyle, we wouldn’t have felt repulsed by his greed. When his aunt-in-law— who holds onto one of Belfort’s Swiss bank accounts—dies, he doesn’t console his clearly distraught wife. Instead he orders the captain of his yacht into dangerous open water, putting all their lives at risk to head for Monaco and drive to Switzerland.
This film isn’t trying to tell us this lifestyle is good; it shows the ridiculous extravagance and what comes of it. Even in jail, Belfort lived in luxury due to his fraudulent wealth. We aren’t supposed to wish for this excessive lifestyle, but note the irony that he never had any real hardship, despite stealing millions from the wealthy and middle classes. We’re meant to consider the recent economic recession of 2008 and how we look at stockbrokers and other wealthy men manipulating the system. Have the ones responsible received the due punishment? Probably not.
Hispanic Studies encompasses more than Spanish ANGIE REAMER “What are you studying?” There is nothing inherently wrong with this line of questioning; however, the problem occurs when I answer. I usually begin with, “I am pursuing my Doctorate in Hispanic Studies.” The general response is, “Oh, you mean Spanish,” spoken with stress on the word “Spanish.” It boggles my mind as to the academic limitations some people place on Hispanic Studies. It is time to shed some light on the matter. Names such as Captain James Cook and Captain George Vancouver are well known. On the other hand, have you discerned names in Victoria such as Quadra, the Strait of Juan de Fuca,
8 OPINIONS • MARTLET
or Cordova Bay? Before the British, there were the Spanish. According to the B.C. Archives, “In 1774 a group of Haida people canoeing near Haida Gwaii (the Queen Charlotte Islands) discovered Juan Perez and his ship the Santiago. This event is known as ‘first contact.’” Ultimately, the British set up colonies and established British Columbia. Nonetheless, we should remember the Spanish explorers who also explored the Pacific Coast. You may be thinking, alright, but that was over 300 years ago. Fair enough. However, what about movies and music? Films disseminate information, express creativity, and entertain the masses. There are numerous people of Spanish/Hispanic origin
January 30, 2014
in the film industry whose works are admired worldwide. Spanish director Pedro Almodóvar has produced many critically acclaimed films, including All About My Mother (1999); Mexican director and producer Guillermo del Toro made his mark with Pan’s Labyrinth (2006), which received several prestigious awards; and actors such as Javier Bardem, Antonio Banderas, Penelope Cruz, Gael García Bernal, and Diego Luna have all received international acclaim. In addition, recording artists such as Shakira, Juanes, Marc Anthony, and Enrique Iglesias have all entered the mainstream. Dance terms such as salsa, flamenco, tango, and merengue are also familiar to most people. It is clear that the Spanish/Hispanic
culture permeates many aspects of our Western popular culture. Yet, why study Hispanic Studies? Over 400 million people in the world speak Spanish as their first language. It is also the fifth most widely spoken foreign language in Canada. Understanding the history, culture, art, language, and literature of Spain and Latin America is imperative in obtaining a thorough understanding of this significant demographic. Whether I choose to use this knowledge to obtain a career in international business, education, translation, or live in one of the 20 countries in the world where Spanish is the official language, I am investing my future in this field because I believe it will only continue to increase
in importance on the global scene. Globalization and social media have changed everything. Last year, a group of Saudi Arabian students showed me a clip on YouTube consisting of Saudi men, wearing Western-style clothes, lip-synching the international hit “Gangnam Style” by Korean singer PSY. At the time, I thought to myself, “Our world truly is getting smaller.” Spain and Latin America’s presence will continue to grow on the international stage, and I will have the knowledge to respect, and the tools to understand, this extraordinary part of our world. Hispanic Studies is a discipline that deserves more recognition and should no longer be designated as merely “Spanish.”
UVic’s smoking policy and you Follow the research for healthy living HEIKE LETTRARI & RACHEL GROSSMAN You’re on your way to the Cornett building. You’re rushing, because you’re not exactly sure where that office is, and it’s a maze in that building at best. You round the corner by the McPherson Library and WHAM! A smell like someone’s thrown a dustpan of ashes in your face. You groan; cigarette smoke gives you headaches. You scan the people in front of you, some mingling, some walking, others rushing around, and spot the person smoking in front of you, walking in the same direction. They emit another puff of smoke, which curls into the air, propelled by the light wind blowing toward you. In this moment, you have three options: 1. Do nothing. Continue on your way. Follow in their footsteps for the duration their trip mirrors yours. Hope the headache doesn’t get too bad. Do not think about the ample research showing that second-hand smoke is carcinogenic. It’s nothing to get anxious over; 2. Change your route. Step off the pathway and get out of the way of the smoke. Watch out for other people who may be doing the same; 3. Skip a couple steps ahead and tap the person on the shoulder; say, “Excuse me. I don’t know if you’re
aware, but we have a smoking policy on campus which asks that all people who choose to smoke do so at designated smoking areas. The nearest one to you is on the other side of the library, outside the Ring. I would really appreciate it if you consider that next time. Thanks!” Today, the Smoking Policy Awareness Team asks you to consider option three. You may not be someone whose headaches get triggered by secondhand smoke; however, we urge you to become part of the community helping to make the University of Victoria a place where people’s health won’t be compromised. UVic’s smoking policy is short and sweet: no smoking inside Ring Road. Those choosing to smoke may use any of 15 designated smoking areas (DSAs) outside of Ring Road. All are, at most, a three minute walk or 300 metres from any building inside Ring Road. A map of the sites can be found at uvic.ca/smoking. Late last semester, the Awareness Team conducted a survey including 250 participants. The results indicated that over 75 per cent of those people knew about the policy on campus. Word of mouth was reported as one of the most effective methods of spreading awareness on the policy. During our rounds in the fall, we encountered many people using the DSAs; however, we also observed many people not using them.
BRANDON EVERELL (PHOTO)
We have an aware community. Now we need to turn that into an actionoriented community, to really make the smoking policy a success. The importance of having that 30-second conversation cannot be overstated. Dr. Richard Stanwick, Island Health’s chief medical officer, submitted evidence to the Capital Regional District (CRD) that comprised the basis for the CRD’s
decision to extend the ban on smoking in public spaces in Greater Victoria. It shows that there is no safe exposure to second-hand smoke. The research is clear: smoking is detrimental to the health of both smokers and passersby. In light of this, it makes sense for a research institution like UVic to follow the evidence, as well as set itself up as a leader, by encouraging healthy
practices for its community. We need a community that is comfortable to ask and have those who choose to smoke plan for the time and place to smoke, just as people who choose to drive cars need to plan to find parking and pay for their ticket. The “parking spots” for people who choose to smoke are the designated smoking areas on campus.
Give the UVSS a break, or at least your attention IAN KOPP We need campus events. Student societies are unparalleled in their direct connection to campus culture and community. They also have a specific mandate to serve students, and are uniquely equipped to do so. In theory, events put on by the UVic Students’ Society (UVSS) should be widely appealing, culturally appropriate, and highly valuable to the student population. These occasions are fantastic opportunities to create a vibrant, active, and connected campus. So I am slightly disappointed by the result of November’s referendum. To recap: the UVSS was looking for a $2 (per full-time student, per term) increase in fees to put into a dedicated events budget. After a 16 per cent turnout of the eligible student voters, the additional funds were denied. As somebody who doesn’t drink coffee, I was fully supportive of creating an outlet for my small change. Aside from that, I think that campus events could greatly benefit from some additional financial help—it would allow the UVSS to bring in larger acts of all varieties, as well as provide the financial security that permits greater flexibility. In turn, this could facilitate a wider variety of events, and open up opportunities for students to participate in the creative or organizational process. Events could include music, comedy, speaking series, pancake breakfasts, town hall meetings, or other things. Watching the most surefire way to ensure more financial help get shot down was a little disheartening.
Can these benefits be achieved without the extra money? They could if we look for partnerships, dig deep for further operational efficiencies, and consider other creative solutions. But this effectively means a lot more complication and uncertainty than getting the money directly from students. As the referendum pamphlets asserted, the UVSS does indeed sit at the “kids table” as far as budgets go. Our relatively tiny pot of funds has been skillfully utilized by recent events directors. Last year’s Frost Fest and the upcoming second incarnation are great examples; however, notably absent are the international-level, frequent, and varied acts that other Canadian student societies are able to invest their money in. Local art and performance deserve the support of the UVSS, but we should also be able to welcome and showcase a broader spectrum of talent. Yes, the University of Victoria and Farquhar Auditorium do run events, but we have little control over what they put on. Beyond that, the price is often prohibitive for students. For the recent Barenaked Ladies show at the Farquhar, the cheapest ticket was $95. Part of the difficulty the UVSS faces is general disconnect. With a meagre 16 per cent of students voting, 58 per cent said no to the $2 increase. If you were actively against the concept, fair enough. Perhaps you would prefer other methods of fundraising, or feel you don’t attend enough campus events to make it worthwhile; however, not voting at all makes it incredibly difficult for the UVSS to understand what
students want. Without participation, it is vexing to determine what types of acts you would like to see, how and where you want to see them, and even what type of budget the true majority supports. The apathy of young people stretches far beyond Ring Road—you need only to look at the last federal or provincial election to see that. The UVSS cannot be entirely blamed for low turnouts or lack of connection. Although there are certainly further steps that they could take to engage; it is a two-way street—involvement relies on the students as well. We have the opportunity to let the UVSS work for us. We can realize a greater cultural connectivity through events catered directly to students. But it won’t happen without our participation. So how can we engage? There are weekly Events Committee meetings that any student is welcome to join. You can attend shows at Felicita’s, Vertigo, and elsewhere on campus, or send the Director of Events your suggestions and hopes for future acts. The UVSS is also open to partnerships in event organization, should your club or union like to create your own. For their part, the student union could make an effort to seek out and utilize suggestions. They could also work to make the expertise and resources of the UVSS more available to those seeking to put on events. Even without the extra $2 per person, we have resources and options at our fingertips. It is time to put them to use—our campus will be more vibrant as a result.
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January 30, 2014
AT ITS VERY BEST
MARTLET • OPINIONS 9
THE COSTS OF AN ACTIVE How physical literacy education can:
a frigid winter night, Sam Anderson trekked across the University of Victoria campus, headed for the blazing lights igniting the black sky. Approaching the labyrinth of interlocking athletic fields—a Rubik’s cube configuration of freshly mowed lawn, menacing goal posts, and end zones—the constant scuffing sound of cleat against turf rumbled though the wind, interrupted by occasional cheers or yells from nearby soccer and field hockey matches. Anderson, a third-year geography student, looked worried. Any amount of wind would be problematic for his ultimate Frisbee team. Launching the plastic disc directly into gusts of frosty air challenges even the strongest players. Anderson knew he’d have to draw on his fundamental sport skills to win the game. He says he’d rather possess multiple sport skills, like jockeying, sprinting, jumping, and pivoting, than only those related to ultimate Frisbee. He credits his parents. “They put me in a whole bunch of sports: baseball, soccer, hockey, and lacrosse, a bit of everything. Having the knowledge and experience from each sport helps you grow as a kid, keeps you active, because you know how to do the skills properly,” says Anderson. He realizes not every child gets the chance to be active from an early age and develop strong sport skills. Chances are, his ultimate teammates were the fortunate few children participating in multiple sports as kids. Today’s children may not be as lucky. The funding for Canadian sports currently looks like a static teeter-totter. Child, youth, and developmental programs remain underfunded, while high-performance athletes gunning for Olympic results have multiple funding channels available. The majority of obtainable yearly funding from Sport Canada, a federal branch of the Department of Canadian Heritage, goes to National Sport Organizations (NSOs), which focus primarily on Olympic and international results. While Canada
has performed significantly better on the international stage of late, childhood inactivity is on the rise. Last year, only seven per cent of Canadian children reached the daily physical activity requirement of one hour of exercise per day, as reported in a 2012 report published by Active Healthy Kids Canada, with data provided by the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute (CHEO). CHEO ranks in the top six per cent of all research institutions world-wide. The report asks, “Is active play extinct?” Play may not yet be extinct, but low funding does nothing to revive the act of childhood play. Experts from both youth coaching and childhood obesity sectors believe the solution to inactivity lies with education. Without education reform (which can only happen when funds allow), they fear Canada’s ongoing obesity epidemic will accelerate. Likewise, the pool of Olympic athletes will shrink as fewer children are exposed to sport.
THE LEADER OF CHANGE Founded in 2005, Canadian Sport for Life (CS4L) works federally to improve sport and physical activity, integrating the education, health, and recreation sectors with NSOs. Established by a group of individuals that includes Richard Way and Istvan Balyi, Canadian Sport for Life builds its message on the foundations of Long-Term Athlete Development (LTAD), a seven-stage competition and development model for all Canadians, supporting training, competition and, recovery, based on developmental age. Balyi authored the first edition of LTAD in 2005. The seven stages—Active Start, FUNdamentals, Learn to Train, Train to Train, Train to Compete, Train to Win, and Active for Life—span birth to passing, a radical approach to athlete development. A child can begin movement training before their first birthday and stay with the model their entire life, growing with the sport, or sports, of their choosing. “LTAD started when Istvan was working with some of the very best athletes in Canada and they couldn’t carry out fundamental movement
skills,” says Way, who competed in nine luge World Championships and sat as the Director of Sport for the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympic Games bid. Balyi, who first spearheaded LTAD, knows fundamental movement and fundamental sport skills need to be introduced early. “Catch the kids young. Provide them the skills. They will enjoy movement and they will be active.” Way agrees. “The first three stages are really important in the development of physical literacy.” The stages tout physical literacy above all else. Active Start (ages 0–6) introduces unstructured play, while developing agility, balance, coordination and speed. The FUNdamentals stage (ages 6–9) requires a structured environment with multi-sport exposure. Learn to Train (ages 8–12) introduces sport-specific skills. The physical literacy concept could not be simpler. Children must learn to move properly in preschool and elementary school, so they not only enjoy being active, but also possess the movement skills needed to stay active. “Physical literacy should be considered like literacy or numeracy, in that they are basic building blocks to set up a foundation for a child’s success in life,” says Way. From Canadian Sport for Life’s perspective, basic sport literacy needs a firmer footing in schools.
CHANGING THE STRUCTURE From afar, Canada appears to have a strong sporting landscape. Canadian Sport for Life’s LTAD plan is fully recognized by Sport Canada as a national standard for development planning. “All NSOs have plans in place and are now implementing them nationally,” says Way. The plans set target achievements for LTAD stages, complete with a programming guide for each, a clear competition frame for high-performance athletes, and coaching models. “We do exceptionally well as a country. [. . .] The only way to sustain that is developing a system underneath the ‘finishing school,’” adds Way, who refers to high-performance training as “finishing school,” reserved for the few athletes reaching Olympic levels. Changing the system Way references presents a logistics challenge, as NSOs weren’t always in
the business of athlete direction. “NSOs started as national sport governing bodies. They set common rules for competition at the national level. Now, they’ve moved from governing bodies to sport organizations. Going to the Olympics and representing Canada is something they’re comfortable with and highly funded for. When you start to get into the discussion of LTAD and sport for life, this is a new way of thinking about their role. They’re still growing into that,” says Way. Way and Balyi would like to see education as a top priority for overall NSO structure. Typically, sport education focuses on athlete development, forgetting the obesity epidemic. In five years, Canadian Sport for Life hopes to have already changed this.
SUPPORT FOR PHYSICAL LITERACY Another national group shares Canadian Sport for Life’s goals. B2Ten, a privately financed charitable organization, began as a funding stream for Olympic-level Canadian athletes. Since founding in 2005, 18 B2Ten athletes have earned medals in Olympic Games. In 2011, B2Ten realized childhood physical activity rates were dwindling. Without future athletes to sponsor, their existence would be unnecessary. Impressed with LTAD and the Active for Life approach, they partnered with Canadian Sport for Life. Soon, activeforlife.ca launched, becoming Canada’s first online magazine for physical literacy development and the Active for Life mindset. Editor-in-Chief Richard Monette, a parent and coach himself, promises parents and educators will find “Education, inspiration and resources on how to help their kids become physically literate and successful in life.” Activeforlife.ca admits website funding stems from an organization craving high-performance success, but Monette stresses that an athlete can’t become an athlete unless the individual chooses to become one. “There are less kids involved in grassroots sports, which means less high-performance athletes. Helping parents get their kids to be physically literate will not only raise the level of health in Canada, but also our performance on the international scene,” says Monette. And the goals shared with Canadian Sport for Life; Monette’s confident activeforlife.ca will
CANADIAN CHILD stop childhood obesity increase activity rates create a gold medal Olympian continue to educate parents on physical literacy. “Physical literacy is not for ‘jocks only.’ It begins the moment a child is born. Kids who get regular physical activity and play sports are not only healthier, but also get better grades.”
THE CURRENT FUNDING LANDSCAPE Sport Canada, a Department of Canadian Heritage branch, whose mission is to enhance opportunities for all Canadians to participate and excel in sport, is the largest government-funded sport body in the country. In the most recent Sport Canada Contributions Report from 2011-12, ParticipAction received $4.5 million from Sport Canada’s Sport Support program, behind only the largest NSOs, such as Alpine and Rowing Canada. Alpine received almost $4.8 million, while Rowing saw just over $5.1 million in funds. The Sport Support Program aims to develop athletes and coaches at the highest international levels, while also increasing the number of Canadians from all segments of society involved in sport. ParticipAction, a national not-for-profit organization, strives to purely inspire and support Canadians in their quest to get active; although it doesn’t focus on education. The Sport Canada sum, along with other, smaller grants and sponsorship deals, totaled just over $6 million for the 2012 ParticipAction budget. Forty per cent went to marketing and communications. Thirty-six per cent went to projects, which included a Bring Back Play marketing campaign, the Sneak It In sneaker week, and Teen Challenge. Sneak It In encourages participants to sneak in only 10 minutes of heartpumping physical activity for one week every April. The Teen Challenge, aimed at youth aged 13–19, challenges teens to overcome inactivity with new fitness programs. While over three-quarters of the annual ParticipAction budget goes to advertisements and campaigns designed to remind Canadians to “get active,” it drew the most criticism not for failing to provide education changes, but for partnering with Coca-Cola, as part of the Teen Challenge program. With an overall contribution of $5 million, it’s difficult to miss Coca-Cola’s presence in television and web advertisements for the campaign. ParticipAction declined to comment
on the Coca-Cola Teen Challenge partnership, as well as its overall marketing strategies and success measurement. Many are not impressed, including CS4L. “A waste of money. A total waste of money. Input. Output. How are they measuring the money they put into TV ads?” asks Balyi.
THE HEALTH OF SPORT Patti-Jean Naylor, an obesity expert and professor in the School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education at the University of Victoria, finds the Coca-Cola affiliation perplexing. “I would have preferred a corporation who wasn’t involved in marketing sugary drinks to children. Sugar-sweetened beverages are really a contributing factor to the obesity epidemic,” says Naylor, whose primary area of research is health promotion and prevention. “Does a marketing campaign alone, like ParticipAction, do anything? No. I would call it a necessary but not sufficient condition for change. People knowing is one thing. People feeling motivated or persuaded by the messaging is another.” She’d like to see real change. Change happens when all sectors work together. “It takes a village to deal with the issue of inactivity. Every single sector has to be involved. We do need the teachers, early learning and childcare providers, as well as parents to be skilled up and feel comfortable in implementing more physical activity,” says Naylor. Way agrees. “We have to be proactive in this area, because there are so many influences around inactivity.” He sees sport as an unused tool in the fight against obesity. Physical literacy integration at the school level would fix this. “When we look at literacy and reading, we’re very specific in terms of what reading level our children are at. We can measure literacy in terms of reading levels and we can measure numeracy. We measure in school, but when it comes to physical education, we don’t,” adds Way. Naylor suggests motor skills assessment be introduced to physcal education. In her ideal world, schools (at the elementary level in particular) would also have physical education specialists teaching physical literacy. “Are we succeeding as a school system,” she asks, “if we don’t also address
STORY: KAITLYN ROSENBURG GRAPHIC: WILLIAM WORKMAN
children’s physical literacy?”
AN EXPERT’S PLEA At the 2013 Canadian Sport for Life annual National Summit, Dean Kriellaars, a leading physical literacy expert in Canada and an Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine at the University of Manitoba, discussed the urgent need for physical literacy in Canada. Like Naylor, Kriellaars does not find the work of ParticipAction sufficient. “I am no longer interested in promotion. We’ve used promotion for 45 years in this country. Promotion alone is never going to cut it—we have to provide.” Provide education, that is. He’s also interested in how education could reinvent physical activity. “We send home reading and writing to a kid. Why not send home physical literacy homework,” asks Kriellaars, who notes the peak of physical literacy instruction in school systems is grade six.
PHYSICAL LITERACY CRITICISM Besides funding shortcomings, integrating physical literacy as a key education and sport tool faces criticism from the developmental sport sector. Canadian Sport for Life’s LTAD plan removes competitive rankings from most development stages, especially the Active Start, FUNdamental and Learn to Train ages. Pressure to score goals and hoist the trophy distracts from a player’s skill development. Players under the age of 12 now find game scores and league standings vanishing across the country. Last year, the Ontario Soccer Association implemented a LTAD plan, which included removing scorekeeping at matches. Way is accustomed to backlash, remaining optimistic that Canadian Sport for Life can convince players, parents, and coaches a no-standings system does work. “We’re not against competition. We’re just for whatever is developmentally appropriate. Having a high emphasis on winning and losing for children is not a way to develop abilities and confidence.”
SPORT CANADA’S MIXED MESSAGES Sport Canada’s mission includes both sport excellence and overall participation, but it spends
far more on high-performance endeavours than grassroots programs. Revealed in a freedom of information request, they contributed $64 343 900 to the 2011-12 Own the Podium endeavour. Their contribution made up 86 per cent of the overall budget. Launched in 2005, prior to the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Games, Own the Podium formed to help Canadian athletes place first in overall medal standings in Vancouver. Athlete success in 2010 helped Own the Podium continue to operate. Unlike B2Ten, a similar non-profit organization, Own the Podium does not concern itself with physical literacy or increasing child and youth sport participation. A Jan. 13, 2012 Own the Podium board report reveals, “Funding will be allocated on a top down, targeted basis focusing on those sports and individuals that have the greatest chance of winning medals at the Olympic Games in 2012 and beyond. Sports with the capacity to deliver multiple medals and medalists will be the priority.” As well, the “active for life” mindset both B2Ten and Canadian Sport for Life encourage, in which winning isn’t emphasized, competes with the views of Own the Podium. An Own the Podium board report from July 23, 2012 highlights why high-performance investment continues. “The most recent Olympics show us that medals matter and Canadians care. A new culture for winning was instilled in Canada thanks to the Vancouver Games. Now more than ever before we believe it is okay to win—and Canadians want to win!”
LOOKING AHEAD For now, Canadian Sport for Life continues to advocate for physical literacy and education changes. Back at the ultimate Frisbee intramural game, Anderson’s team, the Floppy Discs, struggles to score points. “We’re losing, but we’re having a good time,” he says, cheering on a teammate. For him, keeping active in adulthood, not keeping score, takes priority. “It’s a lot easier to be motivated when you’re older when you’ve played sports and been taught how to be healthy as a kid. Even if you’re losing, you have 16 new friends.”
The Martlet thanks all campus Noticeables for spreading happiness.
HUGO WONG (PHOTOS)
Luke, the dancing, singing student
Get to know more about UVic’s own Suited Singer ADAM HAYMAN If you’ve been on campus at all in the past two years, there is a good chance you’ve seen Luke Zalubniak. Do tight pants, bright tie, and a head of blonde locks topped off with a fedora ring a bell? Did I mention he is also the one singing and dancing between classes? Luke met with me in a library study room, tucked away in the basement. He crossed his matchstick legs in the plastic chair across from me, and together we tried to figure out why more people aren’t dancing through campus. A second-year student at UVic, Zalubniak came from the small town lifestyle, courtesy of Pitt Meadows, B.C. He has now set his sights as high as his optimism. He is finishing off a minor in Applied and Theoretical Ethics, with a likely major in Sociology. “On top of that, I’m planning on going to law school,” said Zalubniak. “I’m not sure about my masters or my PhD, but those are something in the future.” A more pertinent question is: what is he dancing to? A current bug in Zalubniak’s ear is “Just Haven’t Met You Yet” by Micheal Bublé. “It’s just good energy, and you can really belt it, and that’s enjoyable,” said Zalubniak.
12 CULTURE • MARTLET
January 30, 2014
He feels one of the bands he best emulates is Maroon 5, with “She Will Be Loved” being a current favorite. “I’m a bit of a hopeless romantic, so I enjoy some of that,” he added. Luke feels that when singing in public, he would much rather be emulating the vocals. “You don’t want to be just totally off key, but I don’t know if I’m not. I got my headphones in most of the time,” Zalubniak said, smiling and chuckling to himself. In his free time, Zalubniak enjoys playing tabletop games, like Dungeons and Dragons, and hip-hop and ballroom dancing. When he can, he donates his sleek blonde hair to Locks for Love, a public non-profit making wigs for those under the age of 18 suffering from medical related hair loss. Post-graduation, Zalubniak sees himself working as an ethicist for various governments around the world, looking into, as he puts it, “What is justice? What is fairness? And that and so forth. Applying that to not only a sociological perspective but a psychological perspective.” If not that, Zalubniak also sees himself as a crown prosecutor. In his words, he wishes to help some people “recognize the individual still as an individual, but they need to recognize
their purpose in a community.” Why some people are not happy, or why they are pessimistic is a mystifying subject for Zalubniak. “Why?” asked Zalubniak. “Why do you need to be so downtrodden? You’re alive. You woke up this morning. You’re still breathing. You still have the capacity to go out and do unimaginable things, wonderful things, with your life. And yet you’re not, ‘cause you think everything is in such a state of disrepair and everything is so negative. But that’s just ‘cause that’s how you’re perceiving it now. Go out and do stuff. Make a change. That’s what I do. I go out and I sing and dance around campus. I may not change anything directly, but indirectly: smiles and all that stuff.” The ever optimist and ever extraverted Luke Zalubniak will always shoot back a smile to anyone he sees, so don’t be afraid to say hello. If you’d like to learn more about him, he says he “never says no to tea and good old fashion walk.” As the last sands of our interview fell, he shared with me a bit of life advice. “Go out and find what makes you happy,” said Zalubniak, “because no one is going to enjoy today for you.”
Local artist Cameron Kidd inspires Victoria youth and community MICHEL GHANEM Victoria-raised, self-taught artist Cameron Kidd will complete his 10-month-long residency at artist centre Open Space in April 2014. Kidd’s residency focuses on three main public mural projects. The mural projects combine Kidd’s artistic vision and the collaborating work of young artists and community members in Victoria. In April, Kidd will host “Reclaim the Streets: A Symposium on Public Art and Public Space” in partnership with curatorial assistant Sara Fruchtman. The symposium “will revolve around the themes of public art, accessibility, and community,” says Kidd. Kidd will also compile a publication, displaying his work over time at Open Space. At 21 years old, Kidd left art school to pursue a self-taught path in art. He notes that this path meant learning to self-motivate and admits that the daily learning curve is steep and at times “a bit tough,” but rewarding. After being laid-off from his 10-year cook position, Kidd joined the Job Creation Partnership Program. “I wanted to do something else, I was done cooking, and it provided me an opportunity to work as the assistant studio artist for the 2009 Luminara [Lantern Festival],” he says. His involvement in the festival gave him a point of reference for future projects and inspired him to pursue grant options—which led him to Open Space. “The work with youth, community,
and the realm of public art has transpired from all of my past activities and become the focus of what I’m working on now,” says Kidd. Kidd’s mural process begins with a wall painted in acrylic, to block out large sections of the wall for later work. Using artist-quality spray paint and acrylic latex, he then lets his inspirations come to life in the detail. “If I can work right out of my head, I find sometimes the most interesting things occur then,” he says. When working with other organizations and youth, he encourages the creation of a vague plan of action, to encourage productivity and focus. He says some building owners are specific, and prefer a draft of work before the mural’s creation. Kidd prefers to work without restrictions, but says, “Sometimes people are fine with that, others want a loose mock-up of what I’m planning.” The first completed mural of the three public projects is located in the commercial alleyway near Bastion Square. Kidd refers to the project as “an interesting dynamic” of talent. The mural was created by youths from the Intercultural Association and various up-and-coming professional artists. The second mural is located on the side of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, on Moss Street. It was painted in collaboration with fellow mural artist Mikhail Miller and largely created by young artists in Victoria. To begin, they planned the broader areas of colour and placement, but Kidd let the young artists paint in the details
on their own terms. “The hope for me on this [Moss Street mural] project is that it can progress as a growing, ever-changing situation involving different groups throughout the community,” says Kidd. The third, and current, project is the back wall of the Open Space location. Kidd is full of ideas and inspiration for the last stretch of his residence. Kidd has identified different groups that will work with him on the final mural, and is confident in letting the groups decide on the artistic direction when the time comes for creation. “For most people that use spray paint, it’s about the impromptu ideas and imagery, which seem to be an inherent part of the process,” he says. For the mural projects, Kidd says “it started out as an idea to create a number of outlets for youth to participate in.” As the projects come to completion, Kidd has begun to realize that the works are more than opportunities to mentor youth; they make up a community-inclusive art initiative that he wishes to see flourish in Victoria. Open Space’s curatorial assistant, Sara Fruchtman, has worked closely with Kidd over the course of his residency. “One of the major things that working with Cam has taught me is how to co-ordinate different groups,” says Fruchtman. “He’s really good at connecting with different people in the city that could help us with the project, which I never had an opportunity to do.” Fruchtman is responsible for
BRENNA WAUGH (PHOTO)
bringing Kidd’s projects together conceptually, “in a way that can be presented to the public,” she says. Kidd says he hopes that the young people who have worked with him on these projects take away “inspiration, motivation, [and] a bit of skill.” The Ministry of Casual Living has been Kidd’s secondary project next to the residency at Open Space. Kidd
will soon open a gallery space on Fort Street in conjunction with the Ministry. Kidd’s Open Space residency will end this April, but his involvement in the artistic community of Victoria has just begun. He hopes involvement with Open Space may provide a template for future projects. “I will see what the future holds,” he says.
Comedies with a macabre twist REGAN SHRUMM I don’t know about you, but I’ve had enough of Honey Boo Boo, Duck Dynasty, and Cee Lo Green, minus his cat. With Breaking Bad done and Walking Dead about to jump the shark, I spend much of my time trying to find new TV shows. Lately, due to my mood, I have been bingeing on any surrealist black comedies. If you like Monty Python or anything David Lynch, you might want to give these TV shows a try.
THE MIGHTY BOOSH (2004–2007) This modern, Pythonesque show stars two unlikely friends (cool-guy Vince Noir and older, skat champion Howard Moon) who, along with their roommates, a shaman and talking ape, go on strange adventures which inevitably lead to a wide array of monsters, from a man made out of bubble gum to an intersex merman. Each season takes place in a new location, but all episodes include an elaborate musical number. The series has a lot of handcrafted puppets and costumes that add to its charm. Be aware that the show is British, so some jokes may need to be googled.
FRISKY DINGO (2006–2008) While the TV show Archer has gained quite a large following, an earlier cartoon produced by Archer
creators only seems to have lived on in late night TV. Killface is a humanoid alien who intends to blow up the world. Yet, somehow the hairless villain ends up saving the planet and then running for president of the United States, much to the hatred of superhero Awesome X. Unlike many other surrealist comedies, Frisky Dingo has a continuing plot; yet the big question— what exactly is Frisky Dingo—is never answered.
THE HEART, SHE HOLLERS (2011–2013) Comedian Patton Oswald plays Hurlan Heartshe, a redneck innocent who has been stuck in a cave. Hurlan is released into the world when his Texan father dies, so that he can be the executor of his dad’s estate. However, Hurlan still has contact with his father through a series of VHS videos that seem to answer of all of his son’s questions—from “How do I open up this nut?” to “Who is my mother?” Very surreal and dark, especially with each episode beginning from documentary footage in which redneck Americans can barely be understood. Picture this show as a redneck soap opera parody, which can go as disturbing as a woman baking herself into a pie to win a beauty contest. The show’s humour stems from its pure awkwardness.
CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL (2008–PRESENT) This show started as a web series and has turned into a full-out show, staring comedians such as Rob Corddry, Megan Mullally, and the Fonz himself, Henry Winkler. It parodies ER, Grey’s Anatomy, and just about every other medical movie or TV show, wherein the last thing the characters do is take care of their patients. Instead, audiences view the emotional struggles and sexual lives of the doctors and nurses, with famous comedians and actors like Jon Hamm and Sarah Silverman often making appearances. My favourite parts of this show are the season finales; the show turns into a mockumentary documenting the making of 0
STRANGERS WITH CANDY (1999–2000)
Amy Sedaris plays aging prostitute Jerri Blank, who decides to go back and finish high school, much to the ire of Principal Blackman and two ambiguously gay teachers (one of whom is played by a young Stephen Colbert). Somehow all the students think that Jerri is a normal teenager who is going through the same problems as they are, including acne, unexpected arousal, and the question of who to take to the prom. However, Jerri, in her worldly ways, often does not give the best solutions to her young friends.
MARY ROBERTSON (GRAPHIC)
January 30, 2014
MARTLET • CULTURE 13
Tealeaf readings at the Calico Cat Teahouse JANINE CROCKETT At the Calico Cat Teahouse in Nanaimo, diners can sample the usual fair of soup and sandwiches; however, if you want an extra experience, you can make a reservation to have your tealeaves read. The teahouse itself is in a residential home, which has been converted and filled with tables and chairs to accommodate diners. My friend and I arrived a little early for our reservation and were greeted, brought to a table, and given a large pot of tea immediately with mismatched teacups. The tea tasted like a slightly weaker version of orange pekoe, and we were told that we could have as many cups of tea as we liked and didn’t have to stick to just one. A short time later, after we were given a chance to look at the menu, our order was taken and we settled on the Afternoon Tea for Two at a cost of $36.50. The Afternoon Tea for Two was presented on a three-tier display with ample food for two people. The top tier held fruit, the second tier two different finger sandwiches, and the third tier dessert. The sandwiches were egg salad and tomatoes, with what seemed like a mixture of mayonnaise and cream cheese. The sandwiches were tasty as a portion of the meal, but they may be a little too rich tasting to eat as the main. Still-warm scones complete with jams and cream on the side were definitely the highlight of the meal. I think I hold a healthy skepticism, so I made sure to avoid talking about anything personal while my friend and I ate and waited for tealeaf reader,
Heather, to join our table. I worried that our conversation would be overheard. However, my friend and I agreed beforehand that we were doing this for fun, and I think that that attitude gave us a better chance to enjoy the experience. We had each chosen 20-minute readings at a cost of $44 each; although, 10- and 30-minute readings are available. Heather asked us to turn our cups upside down and turn them clockwise three times. I went first, and what started off as me just hoping Heather wouldn’t see a Grim ended with me being spooked out by the reading itself. Heather pinpointed my personality with frightening accuracy, knew my taste in men to ridiculous detail and my feelings about my jobs. It felt like she had known me for years. As for future predictions, everything she predicted were things that I had been very interested in doing, but as of yet I don’t know how accurate those predictions are. My friend equally enjoyed her reading and said it was similarly accurate in a lot of ways. Although, Heather predicted that my friend would fall in love with a man, and as a lesbian, my friend found that to be off the mark. Overall the experience was overwhelmingly positive. The readings started later than we had reserved and were a little shorter than the 20 minutes we chose, but I felt satisfied with the time we had. I will definitely be visiting the Calico Cat Tea House again in the future, and if you look at it as a fun experience rather than a guide to your life, it will easily satisfy your expectations.
ALEXANDER RICHTER (PHOTO)
Action Bronson’s second Blue Chips album same as the first CHRIS ANHORN About halfway through “9.24.13,” a sort of sequel-within-a-sequel that references the breakout track “9-24-11” from the original Blue Chips mixtape, Action Bronson burst into a fit of uncontrollable laughter. “It’s too crazy, right?” he says of his outlandish lyrics, presumably to Justin Nealis and Sean Mahon, the pair of producers who bill themselves as Party Supplies and helm the controls on both Chips tapes. “We just talking crazy at this point.” Indeed, this offhand remark ends up being one of the defining summative statements about Blue Chips 2, and perhaps even the rapper as a whole. That’s because Arian Asllani, an exchef from Queens, has built his career upon the larger-than-life persona of Action Bronson, and Blue Chips 2 is the culmination of that character’s development; a victory lap. Bronson began releasing albums in 2011, garnering some attention for his distinctive image and vocal similarity to hip-hop legend Ghostface Killah. But it wasn’t until 2012’s Blue Chips that he really started making waves. Noted for Bronson’s classic New York City flow, his imaginative, entertaining lyrics, and a diverse array of beats courtesy of Party Supplies, the mixtape quickly built itself a niche as one of the more quirky and popular rap projects of the year. Now, with several more collaborations under his belt (including “Rare Chandeliers” with The Alchemist and “Saab Stories” with Harry Fraud) it makes sense for
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January 30, 2014
Bronson to return to the producers that helped make him famous for a second instalment of the raucous Blue Chips. Blue Chips 2, released November 2013, takes everything that made the original tape great and amplifies it. The lyrics are more outrageous, (“Shoot eagles on a Jack Nicklaus course/Porsche with the triple exhaust/seats soft like a midget’s cough”) and Bronson flouts his criminal boss persona with such ease it’s hard to remember what a relative newbie he is on the rap scene. “Rolling Thunder,” one of the breeziest and tightest tracks, sees him training dolphins to “let the slammer off like Dolph Lundgren,” while he eludes charges through bribery on “The Don’s Cheek.” But the difference between his blatant boasting and that of, say, Rick Ross, is that Bronson recognizes the ridiculousness of it all and embraces it. We’re not really supposed to try and discern fact from fiction, or even care which is which. The rapper’s interest lies in crafting sly rhymes that entertain. On the production side of things, Party Supplies similarly up their game. The beats can be catchy, inane, even baffling. “It’s Me” pairs a bright steel drum sequence with a bizarre sample of an advertisement for arthritis medication featuring pro golfer Phil Mickelson. “Contemporary Man” includes no less than five beat change-ups, all of which are derived from popular ’80s singles. In these examples, the production comes off
as tongue-in-cheek, but other times it just seems lazy, or off-the-mark. “Pepe Lopez” offers an almost completely unaltered version of The Champs’ “Tequila,” and “It Concerns Me” has a sax sample so rough it’s almost grating. Action Bronson suffers similar setbacks. At 19 tracks, the mixtape feels a tad bloated, and some songs (such as the brief “Man & The Mirror”) are so aimless they’re unnecessary. Bronson has perfected his character, yes, but Blue Chips 2 shows how repetitive that character can sometimes be. Perhaps the greatest flaw of the mixtape is its simple inability to live up to its predecessor. The aforementioned “9.24.13” exemplifies that feeling. Although its informality is humorous, both the beat and the lyrics fail to capture the drive and the poignancy that made “9-2411” so memorable. It feels more like a shrug than a declaration. Despite these flaws, if you enjoy Action Bronson to any degree, it’s hard not to enjoy Blue Chips 2. There’s plenty of impressive rhymes, sturdy beats, and moments of downright hilarity. The mixtape serves as a strong indication of just how far Bronson has come in such a relatively short amount of time, but simultaneously reveals how limited his range may be. With an upcoming tour and a debut full-length on the block for 2014, it’ll be interesting to see how far Action Bronson can take it—and how long fans will be willing to come along for the ride.
JANUARY 30 – FEBRUARY 5 ARTS Saturday, Feb. 1
PHOENIX THEATRE OPEN HOUSE UVic’s Phoenix Theatre is hosting an open house for aspiring theatre students, including a tour of the theatres, meeting current students and faculty, and a pizza lunch. Think a theatre degree might be in your future? Then register online at finearts.uvic.ca/theatre. The event is in the Phoenix Theatre from 11:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. Tuesday, Feb. 4
ART FOR CHEAP Check out Victoria’s art scene for cheap. Drop by the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria to view works by artists such as Emily Carr and Carole Sabiston, for a quiet way to spend your Tuesday evening. Admission is by donation, and the gallery is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. located at 1040 Moss St.
COMMUNITY Friday, Jan. 31
CELEBRATE CHINESE NEW YEAR Come join the Chinese New Year celebration and Lion Dance in Victoria’s Chinatown. A colourful parade with live music and traditional dancing will make its way along Fisgard Street from 12–2 p.m. This lively annual event is traditionally celebrated throughout China and in Chinese culture is the equivalent to January 1st New Year’s celebrations. Sunday, Feb. 2
THE VICTORIA FLEA MARKET The Victoria Flea Market has arrived. Hit up 2014’s first Victoria Flea Market at the Leonardo Da Vinci Centre, 195 Bay Street. It begins at 9 a.m. and finishes at 2 p.m. As over 50 sellers showcase vintage goods and collectible items, there is definitely a bargain to be found. The flea market only costs $2 to attend. Wednesday, Feb. 5
VICTORIA FARMERS’ MARKET Have you been to the Victoria Downtown Farmers’ Market yet? It is January, after all, so don’t let that New Year’s resolution slide. Skip bringing your lunch to work or school, and step up your health food game, while supporting your local economy. Stop in for some fresh and delicious produce from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the Hudson Public Market, located in the midst of downtown at 1701 Douglas St.
FOOD & DRINK Monday, Feb. 3
COOKING MEXICAN CUISINE Take a Mexican cooking class with Red Seal Chef Heidi Fink. Learn how to make authentic Mexican cuisine, and get a tasty meal out of it. The three-hour class will take place from 6–9 p.m. at Creating Occasions, located at 776 Spruce Ave. The price of the class is $90.
POSTGRADUATE CERTIFICATE FROM ARBITRATION TO COMMUNITY OUTREACH, THIS
PROGRAM OFFERS THE UNIQUE Monday, Feb. 3
‘SPIRITING AWAY THE HOMELESS’ AWARENESS LUNCH AND LEARN Gain awareness at the “Spiriting Away the Homeless” Lunch and Learn. UVic Professor Simon Springer gives a lecture on the plight of homeless people in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. This event takes place 12:30–1:30 p.m. in the David Strong Building C130 on UVic campus. Free and open to the public.
SKILLS YOU WILL NEED TO LAUNCH YOUR CAREER AS AN ARBITRATOR, CONCILIATOR, EMPLOYEE RELATIONS OFFICER, MEDIATOR AND MANY OTHER EXCITING CAREER OPTIONS.
Sunday, Feb. 2
GET GROOVY WITH LIVE JAZZ For a sophisticated end to your weekend, get groovy with live jazz at Hermann’s Jazz Café at 753 View St on Sunday from 4–7 p.m. Cover is $12. The CanUS Group performs New Orleans-style jazz tunes from the past. It’s a sure way to dance away your end-of-weekend blues. More details available at canusjazz.com. Tuesday, Feb. 4
KARAOKE! Who doesn’t like karaoke? Grab some friends and hit up My Bar Grill, 310 Gorge Rd. The tunes start at 8:30 p.m. and last until close. Oh, and house wine is only $4. Singing your heart out has never been so much fun. Check out my-bar.ca for details.
POSTGRADUATE CERTIFICATES business.humber.ca/postgrad
AT ITS VERY BEST
BRONTE RENWICK-SHIELDS & BETH PARKER January 30, 2014
MARTLET • CULTURE 15
Sports | Lifestyle
Next week’s Martlet is the annual sexpositive theme issue. Oh myyy!
BRANDON EVERELL (PHOTO)
Vikes and ball star each other’s first choice Sinclair recruits Sprangers for next basketball season ALEX KURIAL UVic’s strong commitment to its student athletes, both on and off the court, has paid off yet again, as the women’s basketball team secured the services of star provincial player Amy Sprangers starting next season. Sprangers, a forward playing out of Holy Cross Regional High School in Surrey, was highly sought after as one of the top players in B.C. She has been nearly unstoppable on the court in her senior years, racking up personal accolades in addition to guiding her Crusaders to the B.C. AAA Division, the top league in the province. The league promotion came thanks to Holy Cross’ dominion in the 2013 AA Championship game, where the Crusaders defeated the Vernon Panthers 69-37. Sprangers had a team high in blocks and steals, while also chipping in with 12 points. In addition to the title, Sprangers was recognized as a tournament allstar for her overall efforts. When reflecting on her career to date, this win was one that stood out
for Sprangers. “So far in my basketball career, I think I am most proud of winning provincials last year,” says Sprangers. “The process leading up to that goal was very, very long and hard.” This was the second year in a row Sprangers had earned all-star honours at the provincial championships, adding to a long list of personal accomplishments for the young star. Her blocking ability earned her 2013 Outstanding Defensive Player of the Year. Sprangers also was named B.C. Catholic First Team All-Star in 2012 and 2013, in addition to a 2012 B.C. Catholic MVP award. Sprangers’ outstanding Grade 11 season earned her a spot on the B.C. women’s basketball team at the 2013 Canada Games in Sherbrooke, Que. She helped guide her team all the way to the finals, only to come up just short against Ontario While quick to list her team successes as her greatest accomplishments, Sprangers is proud of the recognition her standout play has earned her. For herself, she says, “I’m proud of making the U-17 provincial
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January 30, 2014
team when I was in Grade 10, as well as making the Canada Games basketball team this summer.” As Sprangers entered her senior year at Holy Cross, the question of where to pursue her post secondary career was front and centre. A strong basketball program, in addition to good academic reputation, were musts for Sprangers. This led her to put UVic squarely at the top of her list. “I really like the Vikes’ up-tempo style of play,” says Sprangers. “The way they like to push the ball in transition, and how all of the players are multi-skilled and can play inside and out.” In addition to UVic’s style of play, Sprangers also welcomes the opportunity to work with a renowned coaching staff in Dani Sinclair and Leanne Evans. “I also really admire Dani and Leanne as coaches, and when I was making my decision, I could see myself fitting into their style of play and enjoying myself.” The excitement to work together is shared by Sinclair herself, who made it a priority from day one to
add Sprangers to her team. “When I got the job last spring, she was one of the very first phone calls I made,” says Sinclair. Sinclair’s involvement in provincial youth basketball was an important factor in putting Sprangers on her radar. “I’ve seen her play for a number of years growing up in the provincial team program,” Sinclair explains. “The moment I became head coach, she was a huge priority for us as far as that first group of kids coming in.” While Sprangers is perhaps best known for her defensive prowess, Sinclair is confident in all aspects of Sprangers’ game. “She can play inside, and also step out and shoot the ball,” says the coach. “She’s quick, she can get up and down the floor, which fits into our style very well. She can also play back to the basket, bang around inside and rebound and defend.” Sinclair points out that coming from a team with a winning culture will benefit Sprangers and the Vikes as well. “She’s coming from a very good high school basketball program at Holy Cross. She’s had good
coaching for a lot of years, so she’s fundamentally very sound,” says Sinclair. “She knows how to play at a high level. It’s also big that she knows how to win.” The community of Victoria, and UVic itself, also played an important role in Sprangers’ decision. “I really like the city of Victoria and have family there that I don’t usually get to visit that often,” says Sprangers. “I also was drawn to the nursing program and UVic’s overall academics programs,” she says. For now, Sprangers and her Crusaders are ranked as one of the top high school teams in the province, and are a strong favourite to take the AAA title come March. “My goals for my final season at Holy Cross would be to win provincials,” she says. “We moved up to AAA this year for a reason, and I’m excited to give teams a run for their money.” Come next fall though, Vikes fans will be the ones treated to Sprangers’ talent, in what should be the start of a promising career at UVic.
Women’s sports and the media: not just an Olympic event Essay by a female athlete JENNY AITKEN Turn the TV to ESPN or CBC Sports and chances are you will be met with an onslaught of predominantly men’s sports coverage. Perhaps you will catch sight of a woman volleyball player, but even then, it’s usually only if she’s wearing a bikini. The first time that women were even allowed to compete in the Olympics was in 1900 in Paris, and women made up only 22 of the total 997 athletes. Sports have come a long way since then, but there is still a major divide in the attention paid to men’s and women’s sports, at both the amateur and the professional levels. In terms of salaries, excluding tennis, the gap between men’s and women’s professional incomes is immense. A comparison of salaries between the NBA and the WNBA revealed that the lowest paid member of the Houston Rockets makes $490 000 per year— almost five times as much as the highest paid women’s player, Lauren Jackson, earns starring for the Seattle Storm of the WNBA. So why do woman athletes receive so much less media attention and funding? I believe part of the problem relates
to a misconception that women don’t play sports very often, but the number of women seriously participating in sports is significant and on the rise. According to a study published by the American Association of University Women, in 1971 fewer than 30 000 women participated in college athletics in the United States. By 2008 that number climbed to over five times as
women athletes who actually receive coverage. It can’t be a coincidence that they are all also undeniably attractive. As for advertising and sponsorship, apart from seeing Serena Williams batting her tennis racket around during Tampax ads, there are far fewer opportunities for women to receive corporate funding than men, mainly
So why are broadcasters and other media not doing more to promote women’s sports? The reality is it comes down to ratings and advertising revenue, and companies are reticent to purchase promotional rights for women’s coverage. Although some sports federations have tried to increase viewership for women’s sports, they often take
In May 2011, the World Badminton Federation, hoping to raise the sport’s profile, decreed that female players must wear skirts on court to ‘ensure attractive presentation of badminton.’
many. The average person, when asked to list off a few of the professional women athletes they know, will probably stumble and come up with only a few names. The names Danica Patrick, Michelle Wie, and Lindsey Vonn will likely be recited, because they are
due to the fact that women’s sports receive so much less coverage. Even online, women’s sports are pushed into the background. Take a look at the FIFA website and try to count how many women’s stories you see on the homepage—likely you won’t even find one.
the wrong approach. For example, in May 2011, the World Badminton Federation, hoping to raise the sport’s profile, decreed that female players must wear skirts on court to “ensure attractive presentation of badminton.” Despite an uproar from women players, it was not until June 2012 that
January 30, 2014
women were relieved of the requirement to wear a skirt during matches. A significant obstacle to women’s sports coverage is that women’s events can rarely hold the predominantly masculine viewership. Greg Baum, a senior sports writer for the Australian paper The Age, in his article “Count me out, women must earn coverage,” argued that “Women runners, jumpers, throwers, cyclists and swimmers do their best, but it is, by definition, second-best.” He went on to assert that women are “only sometimes as strong or fast as men, and so their sporting pursuits mostly are less of a spectacle.” Baum is not alone, and views like his make it difficult for women’s sports to gain credibility. I for one look forward to the February Olympics, because for that two-week period, finding elite women’s sports on TV will not be comparable to spotting a snow leopard. I will not be forced to stream from the Internet, because sports networks will actually be showing women athletes. I hope there comes a time when this is the norm—when woman athletes are regulars on ESPN or TSN, and not just for two weeks once every two years. That is what I truly look forward to.
MARTLET • Sports | Lifestyle 17
ARMANDO TURA (PHOTO)
Justin Clews (left) stands with Bruce Tomie, at the 2013 Vikes Golf Shootout.
Coaching change for Vikes golf brings mixed results Heads up going into February competitions TYLER BENNETT As the second term has taken full flight, the Vikes golf team is looking for a more successful 2014 from both their men’s and women’s teams. Filling the boots of a great coach is never easy, but Vikes’ golf team Head Coach Justin Clews has done a tremendous job thus far into the season. The newly appointed head coach has created a great environment, and the team has delivered. The team’s most recent tournament was at the San Marcos Fall Classic, where the Vikes men’s team finished fourth, with thirdyear Vike Eric Praught, who totalled a score of 219 over the three-round
tournament, leading the charge. The women’s team recently finished sixth at the Dennis Rose Invitational, with another third-year Vike, Cari Chow, leading the way for the women’s team, shooting a total score of 235 in the three-round tournament. Although coach Clews was expecting a bit more from his women’s team, it was their first tournament down in Hawaii, and the conditions were not admirable. Regardless, both teams are looking to improve in the second term, and it starts with hard work and lots of practice. The men’s team fought their way to the final round at the San Marcos Fall Classic in November, and even bumped
themselves up to fourth place with a passionate final round from all of their personnel. The team jumped from fifth and slid into fourth at the very end of the tournament. The Vikes’ highest individual performance came from Eric Praught with an impressive average score of 73 per round, slotting him into a tie for ninth in the tournament. Sean Hay was right behind him, finishing tied for 12th, with an average score of just over 73. The men’s team next competes on Feb. 2, as they travel to San Diego, Calif. to participate in the Cougar Invitational. Chow led the way for the Vikes women at the Hawaii tournament, posting an average round score just over 78,
slotting her into 12th on the individual leaderboard, as the Vikes’ best score. Veteran Brynn Tolmie had a solid first two rounds, but unfortunately fell back to nineteenth over the course of the last round. Chow says Clews wasn’t too disappointed. “I think overall he was pleased, more or less with certain players,” Chow said. “It wasn’t good or bad; it was a good experience for a lot of girls. They learned a lot.” The women’s team now prepares for their next tournament, the Point Loma Invitational in San Diego from Feb. 9–11. Chow says that the team is working with a sports psychologist and looking at the mental side of golf to help the team improve.
It has been a year of adjusting and redefining, but the Vikes golf team has collectively turned the season into a success thus far, and the coaching of new mentor Justin Clews has played a pivotal role in the team’s success. With a head coaching change comes struggles in adjustment and identity, but the team has managed to succeed in the new environment. Both teams are preparing for their next tournaments in February, and they are striving for a better tournament than their previous ones. Although the team fared very well in the first term, Chow and the rest of the Vikes golf team are looking for a more successful 2014.
Kickin’ it old school
Doing nothing may actually result in getting more done SHANNON K. AURINGER
BETH MAY (GRAPHIC)
18 Sports | Lifestyle • MARTLET
January 30, 2014
From the moment your feet first hit the floor in the morning, it’s go-time. Getting showered up, fed, and off to school or work seems to dominate the daily grind. As the day pushes on, there are a few intermittent moments only long enough to grab a coffee and recharge your dwindling energy supply. After that it’s back on the bus or into your car, to continue checking off that never-ending to-do list. Once you’re home, it’s time to get to work on that ridiculously large pile of laundry and the Kraft-Dinner-and-ketchup-caked dishes. I mean seriously, who else is going to do it; your mom? Nope, she’s busy turning your bedroom into that long overdue craft room. As each year goes by, daily life appears to get busier and busier, with the list of things needing to get done getting increasingly longer. We are bombarded constantly by the media on ways to manage our time better and get more accomplished, while at the same time, doctors and scientists (and student-press columnists) are always publishing new findings on the importance of proper sleep.
So how do we do that? Get more stuff done, and still get a proper amount of sleep at night so we can have a productive next day? It seems as though we are caught in this endless hamster wheel of doing. Don’t you miss the days when after school you got to come home to a snack on the counter, and all you had to do until dinnertime was play outside? Now, there aren’t even many of us that know what dinnertime is. For most of us, it’s eating something cold out of a stained plastic container while en route to our next destination. When do we just get time to do nothing? According to Andy Puddington, a public speaker and expert in being mindful, we are so busy being busy and working at things that we deem important that we don’t take the time to do maintenance on the one thing that should come before all other things; our minds. In Andy’s TED Talk, called “Ten Mindful Minutes,” he discusses how cluttered our minds have become and how people are consistently lost in the thought of what is going on in their life and what they have to do next. He talks about how many people bandage this problem by staying busier, as to avoid confronting the
clutter, and others turn to substance abuse to block it out altogether. His solution is to just do nothing for 10 minutes a day. You’re not emailing, texting, or even mentally doing your shopping list: nothing. You are sitting with a blank slate of a mind for 10 minutes. He discovered the incredible value in this technique when his life became so overwhelming that he quit his degree and headed to the Himalayas to become a monk. Himalayan monkhood is probably not a viable option for most of us, and many people don’t like the idea of sitting on a mat humming with mediation. But there is an easy way to get the same result. Sit in a comfortable chair, and make your moment of silence the priority. Quiet the mind, and shut out the world; just sit in the moment, and exist. One could think about it in terms that our minds are similar to a computer. Every now and then, we stop what we are doing with it, empty out the caches, and de-clutter the system. After we do this routine maintenance, it runs better than ever. Who wouldn’t like their mind to run better than ever, especially if we could do it in just 10 minutes a day.
Delicious worms abound on campus pavement after it rains.
Gruel from school
University of Victoria Restaurant Reviews
Mac Sandwich Bar Score: R R R KAITLYN ROSENBURG HUMOUR—Mac’s sandwich bar is straight up weird. You have to actually talk to the people making your food. I’m so used to staring at my phone, human interaction makes me question every life decision I’ve made up till this point. When it’s 3 p.m. on a Wednesday and I haven’t had lunch yet (true story) the last thing I need is a hundred questions about my sandwich preferences.* If I could eat a pesto pollo focaccia every day I would, but my friends say it’s not socially acceptable. They’re also worried about how little I speak and how much I text. At Mac’s they ask you things like, “What type of bread?” Excuse me, I want a wrap. Then it’s, “mayo, mustard, Dijon mustard, grainy Dijon mustard, BBQ sauce, or hummus?” and then I start pondering what type of mustard would Beyoncé pick, because ever since she dropped her new album I started basing my life around hers. From there, the sandwich ladies demand to know what protein I prefer. I usually go with roast
beef. I decided it’s the classiest of cold cuts. (Also, why don’t any men make sandwiches at Mac’s? Beyoncé wouldn’t approve.) For some strange reason, this place offers a thousand variations on sauces and bread, but only two cheeses. What gives, UVic? This seems like the homestretch, but nope, no it is not. “Three vegetables?” I totally judge others in line on their vegetable choices. Red onion basically projects you don’t want to be kissed. Raw mushrooms signify a complete disregard for flavor. Lettuce means you’re boring. All the sandwiches are packaged in this super fancy parchment, which I swear I saw a fine arts student wearing as a tunic last week. Also, these sandwiches cost less than $6. It’s a pretty good deal! *Kaitlyn orders a whole wheat wrap; mayo and Dijon mustard; spread of hummus; roast beef; sprouts, pickle, cucumber, and sometimes carrot if she’s feeling fancy; salt and pepper.
BRANDON EVERELL (PHOTO)
UVic Centre Cafeteria Score: R BRONTË RENWICK-SHIELDS HUMOUR—I went to get some lunch at the Centre Cafeteria yesterday and found it extremely inconvenient. Just to get to the entrance of the cafeteria I had to climb over an eight-foot-tall fence, and then dodge dump trucks and other forms of heavy machinery. I
feel this is a lot of work to simply get some waffle fries. When I finally managed to get to the door, I found it locked. It took me another 15 minutes to pick the lock, all whilst being harassed by multiple men in construction helmets who kept telling me I wasn’t allowed to go inside, and I found this offensive;
this is a free country, and I can go where I want. I finally got in and was hit with a mouthful of dust. Really, I would have thought that a university restaurant could do a better job of dusting. This was atrocious. The entire cafeteria appeared to be in disarray, and I couldn’t find anywhere to sit minus an empty box. However,
the construction-themed dining room had a pleasing rustic ambience. Sitting on this fairly uncomfortable box, I waited for a server to come by. Already running tight on time (having been held up by the difficulties of accessing this establishment), I decided to see if I could order food at the counter. Met at the counter by
two more men in construction uniforms, I was informed that they didn’t serve food. Now I ask, what kind of cafeteria doesn’t serve food?! After I asked these burly waiters exactly that question, I was forcibly made to leave. Understandably, I do not recommend dining in this establishment.
The Lab eatery a serious disappointment Score: R TARYN BROWNELL
BRANDON EVERELL (PHOTO)
HUMOUR—Just recently I made a trip down to a restaurant on campus called “The Lab.” I have many friends who are always talking about it, and I figured it was time for me to try this place out for myself. My first impression was that it was a rather clean space—both in appearance and smell. Food was laid out on the table in a buffet style. The seating was limited and somewhat uncomfortable, but that was not the worst part of it. The food didn’t look terribly appetizing, and the first item I tried was an apple dish. The apple was squishy, and I suspect pieces of it had
gone bad. I tried to flag down a waiter to inform them of this and was yelled at and assaulted. They forcefully removed me from the premises simply for informing them that they had accidently served me a rotten fruit. I returned the next day, hoping I would receive better service. I didn’t. I tried a different dish—some form of meat—and it was just as bad as the apple. It was dry and tough and tasted somewhat of bleach. I now write this review from a hospital bed due to serious stomach pains. This is my warning to others. Do not go to The Lab. They only serve death stew.
January 30, 2014
MARTLET • HUMOUR 19
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