July 28th, 2022

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second hand culture

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This issue’s cover design is by Sie Douglas-Fish, Design Director.



Admission is only $7.00 for UVSS Students!



If you have a knack for Trivia, come to Felicita’s to have fun with friends &



No pre registration required.

Great movies, cheap prices, damn fine popcorn.

M-T: 11:30AM-10PM, W-F: 11:30AM-11PM

Located in the UVic SUB, full movie schedule at CINECENTA.COM

SEASON 22/23


For the complete film schedule, visit CINECENTA.COM




CRIMES OF THE FUTURE AUGUST 19 & 20: 5:00 & 7:15


Snotty Nose Rez Kids Nov 30 @ 7pm

AUGUST 25-27: 4:45 & 7:15




SEPTEMBER 2 & 3: 7:00

Sept 9, 2022 to March 11, 2023 Featuring performances by: Jeremy Dutcher, PiqSiq, Snotty Nose Rez Kids, a local artist variety show, and Sebastian Gaskin.

tickets.uvic.ca | 250-721-8480 |

Check us out on social media! 2 //

JULY 28TH, 2022




UVic's school of business set to host world's first MBA in Indigenous Reconciliation in 2023 Dean of business school addresses criticism from announcement BOSTON LAFERTÉ SENIOR STAFF WRITER On July 8, UVic announced a new Master of Business Administration (MBA) program in Indigenous Reconciliation. It is the second specialized MBA at UVic, after the MBA in Sustainable Innovation, which replaced the standard MBA at UVic in the fall of 2020. UVic’s new MBA in Indigenous Reconciliation was created in partnership between the B.C. Association of Aboriginal Friendship Centres (BCAAFC) and UV ic’s Gustavson School of Business. The first cohort is expected to begin classes in spring 2023. For readers that may not know what an MBA is, UVic describes their current MBA program as helping students to “navigate the complex challenges that we now face from economic, social, and environmental perspectives.” At the very least, two years of related work experience is required to participate in the MBA. There is also a weekend option that requires six years of experience. The Martlet spoke to Saul Klein, the dean of the Gustavson School of Business, about the new program. According to Klein, the business school was only approached earlier this year about the program. “We were approached very early this year by Leslie Varley, who is [Executive Director] of the B.C. Association of Aboriginal Friendship Centres, who was looking to do some

Photo via uvic.ca.

additional work around leadership for their members and for leaders in the organization,” Klein said. “As we moved into those conversations with her, we realized there was an interesting opportunity to focus a program like an MBA on the specific needs of the social services sector.” The program will be the first custom MBA in Indigenous reconciliation in the world. It has been equated with the JD/JID program, which was the first Indigenous law degree in the world and just graduated its first cohort this summer. However, the reconciliation MBA is not yet a permanent program at UVic.

“The initial agreement is for two cohorts in this program, and they’ll run back-toback, so each one will be around two years. The second one will begin once the first one ends,” Klein said. “We’re hopeful that this will be kind of like a pilot and then lead to an ongoing, permanent program in Indigenous reconciliation for the school.” Funding for the program is coming from several streams. The BCAAFC, the Ministry of Social Development and Poverty Reduction, and Indspire will all contribute to the program. In fact, the provincial government and the BCAAFC will have a significant role in the program. The BCAAFC and the provincial government will choose and

recommend students for the program, and then UVic will determine whether they meet the requirements from an academic perspective. Cohorts are designed to be split evenly between Indigenous and non-Indigenous students. Klein told the Martlet that he and the rest of the business school are excited about the start of the program and to have been chosen by the BCAAFC to host the program. “We’re extremely excited. We were very, very happy to be selected. It continues and builds on a lot of prior work that we’ve done working actually both with the friendship centres, but in Indigenous communities more generally,” Klein said.

Though there is a lot of excitement surrounding the new program there are also those who have expressed discontent and hesitancy about the new program. There has been criticism that the program may do more harm than good when it comes to making community work accessible and appropriate. “I really don’t understand the logic behind [the] criticism. I think it reflects a lack of understanding of exactly how the program works and how it’s designed,” Klein said. “The friendship centres are the lead in this, and they have an acute understanding of both the challenges and the opportunities in terms of providing social services, primarily to urban Indigenous communities.” Though only recently announced, the school is hoping to begin the program in spring 2023. Klein told the Martlet that the deadline should not be an issue because there is already an existing program as the foundation. “I’m not that worried about the timing … because it’s an existing MBA program. There’s no additional approval processes required. If it was a brand-new degree in its entirety, we’d have to take it to the university Senate and it would have to get approval by the provincial government, etcetera,” Klein said. “But because this is, at its core, an existing MBA program, the process can move a lot faster.”

SPOKES bike program reopening and rebranding LETTER as the BikeHub under UVic management

Campus bike loan and repair space is back, here's what you need to know to use it ISABELLA KENNEDY EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

After more than two years since the closure of SPOKES, students will once again have access to a bike loan program on campus. The new BikeHub, the rebrand of SPOKES, will launch in the first week of August under UVic leadership and will offer bike loans and tune-ups to the university community. From 2003 until March 2020, the volunteer-run SPOKES offered refurbished bikes for students to loan, among other services. Last April, after COVID-19 forced the program's closure, SPOKES volunteers spoke with the Martlet claiming that the then independent program was facing problems with reopening, and UVic cited insurance problems as the main obstacle. Now the former SPOKES space in the Campus Bike Centre has been revived as the BikeHub, which is fully part of the university and under the management of Campus Security’s Parking and Transportation Unit. "The BikeHub stands firmly on the solid foundation of the SPOKES program, which was refurbishing used bikes and offering them to members of the UVic community as a sustainable option for personal transportation," said Peter Konczarek, Campus Bike Centre

supervisor, adding that the BikeHub plans to hold contests through social media and eventually would like to plan a bike festival. The BikeHub will offer both long and short-term loans on a deposit system. For long-term rentals, the bikes cost $100 and the borrower gets back a larger portion of their deposit the longer they keep and ride the bike. So, ride the bike for one term and get back $30, ride it for two and get back $40, ride it for three or longer and get back $50. This system is meant to incentivise users to keep riding for longer. Loaned bikes also should be dropped off to the BikeHub once a month for free maintenance. Short term rentals will cost $10 a day or $30 for a week. When it was SPOKES, the bike loan cost was $40 and students got half the deposit back when they returned the bike. BikeHub will operate on a first come first served basis through loan applications. According to UVic, over 150 bikes are set to go for the program start. More information will become available on UVic's website closer to the launch. Depending on the number of volunteers the program gets, the BikeHub plans to operate as a full bike shop, offering maintenance for the loaned bikes as well as $20 tune-ups for UVic students, faculty,

and staff who have their own bikes. Basic tune-ups can cost over $90 at other shops in the city. The BikeHub space will also sell bikes from about $150–$200 as well as gear and equipment. "We encourage former SPOKES volunteers to apply to become a BikeHub volunteer and lend their experience to the newly branded program," said Konczarek. "The mission statement of the BikeHub is: Building relationships through responsive, reliable service. That’s what we plan to do in the shop, as well as in the community." The BikeHub is located in the Campus Bike Centre, which offers covered parking for 234 bikes as well as equipment lockers and bike lockers. Students can rent a bike locker for $40 per semester or $10 per semester for an equipment locker. This program rebrand comes as U V i c re c e n t l y a n n o u n c e d t h a t Finnerty Road is getting a new bike lane that is set to be ready for the fall semester. Alongside the new bus exchange, the reopening of the bike loan program at UVic is intended to get those of us traveling to campus this fall to do so sustainably.

Photo by Isabella Kennedy.

JULY 28TH, 2022 //



EDITORIAL “There is so much uncertainty”: UVic student describes life at Ukrainian refugee hub

Sienna Wishewan has spent over a month volunteering at the Przemyśl Humanitarian Aid Centre ASHLEE LEVY SENIOR STAFF WRITER Grey and green cots line the walls of the Przemyśl Humanitarian Aid Centre’s mom and baby room. The exposed beams and fluorescent lights overhead give the space an industrial feel. One corner has been turned into a play area with toys and stuffed animals neatly placed along wooden shelves. Children’s art hangs on a wall. One drawing features a blue and yellow Ukrainian flag and a peace sign. Near the entrance, shelves lined with baby food hint at the building’s past as a Tesco grocery store. In front of the shelves sits a desk piled with supplies. It’s where UVic student Sienna Wishewan spent much of her time as a volunteer. Over the past five months, Wishewan has spent a month and a half volunteering at the aid centre located near the Polish-Ukrainian border. The fourth year political science and global development student first travelled to Poland with her father on March 14, shortly after the invasion of Ukraine. “It was extremely overwhelming as somebody who was coming to help,” said Wishewan about her first arrival at the border. “I can’t imagine how much more overwhelming it was for people fleeing.” In May, Wishewan, who is UkrainianCanadian, returned to the border alone for a month to continue volunteering at the centre. While there, she continued to work in the mom and baby room, helping out wherever she could and working 12-hour days. Wishewan woke up at 7:00 each morning to make the 40-minute walk to the Przemyśl Humanitarian Aid Centre. On her way, she would stop for supplies like baby food and diapers before walking the rest of the way with as many bags as she could carry.

At the centre, Wishewan would eat breakfast before starting her shift where she helped out with everything from cleaning to looking after kids until her shift ended at 9:00 p.m. Though the centre was modest, without even running water, the room provided a safe and private space for moms who needed help with childcare or a place to breastfeed. “They were basically coming in with their clothes [and] not even a baby bottle,” said Wishewan about the mothers she met at the centre.“There is so much uncertainty. They don't want to stay here for too long. They don't know where they're going. They don't know what to do.” Though uncertainty was a common feeling among those at the centre, Wishewan said every person she met was in a different situation, and some of their stories will always stay with her. One of these is the story of a boy around 15 years old who arrived at the centre with his mother and aunt after fleeing an area actively occupied by Russia. The family, like many, was met with a series of Russian checkpoints that make it difficult and dangerous to travel, let alone leave the country. Wishewan believes the boy was questioned especially hard and checked for gun powder to ensure he had no connection to or intention of joining the Ukrainian army. “People at these Russian checkpoints, they just get shot point blank for no reason. [They] get arrested, and there's no justice,” she said. This family, however, made it through 15 Russian checkpoints. “It gives me goosebumps when I think about it,” Wishewan said. She recalls thinking, “something big must be planned for you to have made it through 15 [checkpoints] and be standing here in front of us.”

Volunteers at the Przemyśl Humanitarian Aid Centre. Photo by Sienna Wishewan.

Other experiences, however, left Wishewan feeling less hopeful. She still thinks about one mother who arrived at the centre with a young daughter, only to refuse help. “She was so scared that she walked out with the clothes on her back and her two-year-old daughter,” said Wishewan. Although the woman left behind everything including her documents and phone, Wishewan says she never saw her return. Despite the long hours and the devastation she witnessed while volunteering at the centre, Wishewan misses it every day that she’s in Canada and already knows that she’ll return. “You hear so many awful things, and you see so many hard situations when you're there,” said Wishewan. “[But] being there [and] being able to support makes all the difference for me.”

While she described feeling helpless since returning to Victoria, Wishewan hasn’t stopped doing what she can to continue supporting Ukrainian refugees, and she’ll soon be welcoming a family of five into her home. “I only have two bedrooms, so it’s going to be a bit squishy with the six of us and my dog,” Wishewan laughed but added that she is happy to sponsor them so they can stay together. When she met the family at the centre, they were struggling to find a sponsor who was willing to take in all five of them and, if not for Wishewan, they were likely going to be separated in Canada. The family submitted their visa applications on May 18, however they have yet to be approved. Wishewan has no idea when to expect them and is struggling to coordinate their temporary housing in Poland and flights to Canada.

Though Wishewan is currently busy supporting her sponsor family through the immigration process and preparing for their arrival, she is already thinking about returning to Ukraine in the future. “There’s no keeping me from going back,” Wishewan said. “I’ve always loved that country and I love it even more for how strong it is.” Five months after Russia first invaded Ukraine, Wishewan sees the world’s attention beginning to waver but urges people not to turn away. “The support can't end … It’s still such an active and devastating presence in our lives, so we need that support and attention to continue.”

Passport renewal delays, flight cancellations, and EDITORIAL staffing shortages pervading Canadian airports Backlog of travellers creating problems this summer BRIANNA BOCK VOLUNTEER STAFF WRITER Summer is usually the time when people either head home or go on vacation, especially now, with many people returning home to visit family for the first time since the pandemic started. But even with COVID’s gradual stabilization, travelling requires a lot of planning and preparation, not just for COVID19, but also for the recent staffing shortage and backlog of travellers caused by the virus. Passport renewal delays, flight cancellations or delays, and staffing shortages riddle Canadian airports this summer. One of the biggest examples for the airport and flight staffing shortage has been Air Canada. Air Canada currently has about 1 000 less employees than before the pandemic. While this difference in numbers may not seem like a huge loss, the downsizing has resulted in Air Canada suffering more instances of delays and lost luggage than usual.

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Travellers have found themselves stuck in international airports waiting to return to Canada, as was the case when a group of scouts in Zurich missed their flight because of an ArriveCan app failure. One couple had their return flight from Mexico cancelled four times before they managed to book a new route, and they could not even cancel their original flight plan. Many passengers have reported that they were given unclear explanations for why their flights were delayed and why they were denied compensation. And it’s not just Air Canada experiencing these issues. WestJet forced a Calgary family to turn back completely after landing in Toronto and learning that their connecting flight to Deer Lake was delayed. They were en route to catch the connecting flight after staff said that WestJet would hold the plane, but they missed it because of WestJet’s IT outage, which they only learned about via Twitter. The staffing shortage is affecting all airlines, not just the major ones.

There’s also lost luggage to contend with: more and more passengers are facing this problem. For countermeasures, some travellers are now using location trackers on their luggage bags, while others are choosing carry-on instead of check-in. But there’s only so much a tracker can do if your luggage is stuck in another airport. If travelling with a group, you can try splitting your luggage between separate bags, so you’ll at least have some essentials with you if one bag is lost. And if you need to renew your passport, be sure to do it well in advance. Passport offices have also been feeling the staffing shortage, and instead of the usual first come, first serve, offices are prioritizing urgent flyers (people who can prove that they are traveling in the next 24–48 hours). Some non-urgent flyers have been waiting months to get their passports back.

Photo by Sie Douglas-Fish.

Starting July 19, the federal government is also implementing mandatory random COVID-19 testing for international travelers arriving in the Vancouver, Calgary, Montreal, and Toronto airports.

When it comes to travel planning, especially now, plan for the worst. Or maybe, save the big vacation for another year.


Increase in UVic annual parking pass rates an "ableist green-washed money grab" says UVSS UVic says parking rate increase is intended to help support sustainability efforts on campus ASHLEE LEVY SENIOR STAFF WRITER A petition advocating against the upcoming changes to parking passes at UVic has received over 1 700 signatures and UVSS Board of Directors' endorsement. The petition, started by unions on campus, calls on the university to continue offering annual parking passes and increase parking costs by no more than the annual cost-of-living increase. “There are significant equity issues within the current parking pass increase plan,” reads the endorsement statement on the UVSS website.

“Raising the parking passes that much for people who have to be here to do their jobs and the fact that the parking fees do go back to the university, it sort of represents a wage clawback for workers,” said Izzy Adachi, the UVSS director of campaigns and community relations, in an interview with the Martlet. “Raising prices [during] the affordability crisis and the pandemic is just not equitable.” The online petition echoes Adachi's sentiment about the over-50 per cent increase.

This is a sad reflection that UVic does not understand what equality is. - Kirk Mercer

The biggest change UVic announced for parking permits this fall is that annual parking passes will no longer be available. Instead, students and workers will have the choice between monthly passes at $75 or a new Flex 25 permit, which offers 25 single day parking passes for $150. Those who require general parking for a full year will experience a 51 per cent jump from $596 annually to $900.

Since the initial announcement of the rate changes and after consultation with the on-campus unions responsible for the petition, UVic has introduced a three-year phased implementation for qualifying employees. Those who make less than $68 000 per year and currently hold an annual pass will be eligible for reduced monthly rates of $60 and $70 in 2022 and 2023, respectively, before being charged the new rate of $75.

Both Adachi and the on-campus unions, however, say it’s not enough. “This is a sad reflection that UVic does not understand what equality is,” said Kirk Mercer, president of CUPE 951 in statement emailed to the Martlet. “This means all new hired staff, and any staff who may have had permits in 2020 and did not renew in 2021, as folks were not fully returned to working in person, will have to pay the full approved rate [in] September 2022.” The university believes the changes will have a minimal effect on students and workers, since reduced rates are available at lots further from Ring Road, and those on campus for only eight months of the year will be paying the same amount as before. “While we understand that not everyone agrees with this change, we believe encouraging people to use different modes of transportation is one of the ways UVic and our campus community can contribute to a more sustainable future,” said Denise Helm, a university spokesperson, in an emailed statement to the Martlet. “The current parking rates effectively provide a subsidy to annual pass holders, reducing the incentive for people to use other means to get to campus.” The UVSS Board, however, does not agree, calling the changes “more of an ableist green-washed money grab than an effective sustainability initiative” in their statement. According to the workers’ unions and the UVSS, there are many reasons students and staff may not be able to use alternative forms of transportation. According to CUPE 951, driving may be necessary for those who work multiple jobs or who live outside areas with public

Photo by Mary MacLeod.

transit. The UVSS adds that some students and workers are not comfortable or not able to take public transit due to the pandemic, and that those with additional care responsibilities, such as parents, may not have the time. “Time is a privilege many folks on our campus don’t have,” reads the statement on the UVSS website. “Increasing the costs to park on campus by this exorbitant amount is a tone-deaf action in an affordability crisis.” UVic, however, believes the changes provide more flexibility by allowing staff and students to make choices about transportation more than once per year. “Switching to monthly permits will allow the user to decide and consider how they travel to campus and where they wish to park, which can reduce their cost and contribute to the sustainability goals,” said Helm.

Adachi notes there were some concerns about endorsing the petition as it could be seen as conflicting with the UVSS' own sustainability goals. At the June 13 Board meeting, the motion passed with three votes against. However, Adachi believes that the endorsement is in line with the UVSS’ policy on sustainability. “I fully encourage students to find sustainable and green ways to get to campus,” said Adachi. “But at the same time, those options aren't always available to everybody, and punishing lower income or immunocompromised students is not the way to sustainability on this campus.”

UVic's fall COVID-19 plans and policies

What you need to know about COVID-19 at UVic this fall ETHAN BARKLEY CONTRIBUTING WRITER

W ith the fall semester quickly approaching, students may be wondering what policies and strategies UVic has in place to manage the ongoing risk of COVID-19. As of July 2022, UVic has not announced an updated COVID-19 plan for the fall 2022 semester, but has rather expressed the intention to continue in the same manner as the winter 2022 semester. This means class lectures delivered primarily face-to-face, with the possibility for an online component. UVic’s last COVID-19 update, released on March 28, announced that the UVic Board of Governors had voted not to accept the Senate recommendation to continue to mandate mask-wearing indoors until the end of the term. This update follows the March 11 change to provincial health orders, which announced the end to mandatory mask-wearing indoors, alongside other changes. Following this change to provincial health policy, UVic now only strongly encourages people on campus to wear masks while indoors. UVic instructors are being encouraged to record lectures as a “supplement [to] face-to-face learning rather than provide the robust online experience required for online courses.”

Photo by Sie Douglas-Fish.

UVic’s COVID-19 information page states that students are expected to attend classes in person unless they are feeling unwell. Students who feel unwell are encouraged by UVic to stay home and contact their professors as soon as they are able to. While in-person attendance is expected to be the norm again going into the fall 2022 semester, students who are unable to attend classes due to illness are

encouraged by UVic to “check brightspace or ask your instructor(s) if they have PowerPoints, recordings, or other materials,” as well as to ask fellow students if they might share notes. There are additional measures in place to help students who are unable to attend exams due to illness. Students who cannot attend their exams are able to request either an academic concession or a deferral.

How does UVic’s fall strategy compare to other universities? Other major universities in B.C., including the University of British Columbia (UBC), Simon Fraser University (SFU), and Vancouver Island University (VIU), have also ended mandatory indoor mask wearing. SFU and VIU both elected to end the requirement to wear masks indoors on March 11, the same date that mask-

wearing indoors became optional according to provincial guidelines. UBC, meanwhile, continued to require masks to be worn indoors until June 30 but has since lifted the requirement. All of the universities mentioned are encouraging students to continue to wear masks while indoors, as well as to get vaccinated if they have not already, and to practice other measures including self-assessments, handwashing, and staying home when sick. As part of the provincial COVID-19 immunization plan, BC will be offering fall booster shots to those 12 and older. The National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) encourages everyone who is eligible to receive a fall booster shot, but especially individuals 65 years and older or those at greater risk of severe illness. This second wave of booster shots is currently only being offered to people of any age that are immunosuppressed, residents of long-term care facilities, individuals over 70, and Indigenous people over 55. The booster is expected to be available to everyone who wants it by fall 2022, to accommodate the increase in respiratory infections that occurs in the fall and winter months. COVID-19 vaccinations are available to UVic students both from the Student Wellness Center and from local pharmacies and vaccination clinics.

JULY 28TH, 2022 //


It's based to be cringe.


Construction on the Site C dam will continue

West Moberly First Nation announces out-of-court deal with BC Hydro, the province BOSTON LAFERTÉ SENIOR STAFF WRITER

The Peace River Site C dam was first conceptualized in the 1970s but was not given permission to undergo construction until 2014. The dam is a $16 billion project that is being headed by the Government of British Columbia and the crown corporation BC Hydro. Since its initial approval, there has been almost constant opposition. According to a 2016 article from CBC, between when the article was published and the 2014 approval date, there were at least seven lawsuits filed against the dam. This is in large part because of how the dam would impact the local area. When the dam is completed, it will flood 83 km of the Peace River Valley, and destroy hundreds of sacred or culturally significant sites, including burial grounds. There has already been significant land clearing to make way for the construction of the dam. One of the most active opponents to the Site C project has been the West Moberly First Nation. In 2015, the West Moberly First Nation and the Prophet River First Nation governments went to court over the dam. Their case was dismissed, and they went to the Federal Court of Appeal in mid-2016. Again in 2018, the West Moberly First Nation planned to go to court when they filed a civil claim against the dam. This case was scheduled to go to trial in March 2022. However, a recent announcement by Roland Wilson, the chief of the West Moberly First Nation, suggests that the case may never reach the courts.

Not only do projects like these affect the surrounding environment, but they also impact people in the area, particularly Indigenous women, girls, and Two Spirit people. Work camps are plentiful in northern B.C., and the dam construction has only been bringing more. These work camps have been directly linked to an increase of physical and sexual violence against Indigenous women, girls, and Two Spirit people. According to Amnesty International, the money that comes with these sorts of projects can also trap local women in precarious situations, as they can become dependent on their partner's income as the area becomes less affordable for them. Despite these concerns in the Amnesty International report, in 2016 BC Hydro refused to stop construction of the Site C dam. The BC Hydro president claimed that the report was inaccurate in its portrayal of Indigenous opinion on the dam and claimed that the company had consulted with local nations before they started construction. In late June 2022, the West Moberly First Nation government made an announcement that there was an outof-court agreement regarding the civil suit. According to Wilson, this agreement did not come easily to the nation. The Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN) reported that the chief stated that he was “heartbroken” over the agreement. The chief stated that the nation came to the realization that BC Hydro, the provincial government,

and the federal government were going to continue with the dam with or without the consent of the nation. The West Moberly First Nation was one of the last formidable foes facing the Site C dam project, as the Prophet River First Nation gave up their legal battles with the project in mid-2020. What does this agreement mean for the dam? Construction will continue as planned. There will be the creation of an 83 km reservoir and, according to APTN, the dam will flood 5 550 hectares of land. That is half of the entire Saanich municipality. There have been no plans released for saving the sacred sites identified and mentioned in Amnesty International’s report. What does it mean for the nation? According to Wilson, the nation will receive crown land in repayment for the land that they are going to lose when the flooding takes place. There is also an assumption that the nation will receive financial compensation, though Wilson stated he was not allowed to speak on that aspect of the agreement at this time. The hiding of financial agreements between BC Hydro and Indigenous nations has been commonplace for the Site C dam. This is not the only development to be opposed in B.C. Currently, there is still heavy opposition to the TMX and Coastal Gaslink projects going on in the province. The Site C dam is expected to be completed in 2024, barring any more setbacks to construction.


Students a major part of UVic's impact on the local economy, but who supports students?

Recent report shows student spending added $158 million to the local economy in 2020 ASHLEE LEVY SENIOR STAFF WRITER On June 20, a report was released detailing the economic impact of the University of Victoria on the provincial and local economies. The independent report by Emsi Burning Glass (now Lightcast) revealed that the total economic impact of the university was $1.9 billion for Greater Victoria in 2020–21, or one out of every nine jobs in the area. The analysis took into account numerous factors, including student spending which added $158 million to the local economy. “UVic is a proud partner in the Greater Victoria and BC economy,” said President Kevin Hall in a statement released by the university. “The investment in our students, research, and operations creates benefits for local businesses, community partners, taxpayers, as well as society as a whole by creating a more prosperous economy. Without a doubt, our ability to make this impact relies on our partners and supporters.”

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While the numbers are jarring at f i r s t , i t ’s n o w o n d e r t h a t t h e approximately 22 000 students studying at UV ic are such an economically powerful demographic within the Greater Victoria community. The housing crisis and rising cost of living are making student life in V ictoria m ore exp e n s iv e , le s s accessible, and generally more difficult. The vacancy rate in Greater Victoria has dropped to just one per cent, and in 2021 the average cost of rent increased by three per cent. Saanich, a popular area for students, saw a rent increase of 5.6 per cent in 2022, the largest in Greater Victoria. It’s a problem Canadians are facing around the country, and Victoria is no exception, especially for students, as many are renters. After the initial release of the report, President Hall wrote a commentary for the Times Colonist titled “UVic is a major part of Greater Victoria.” According to Hall, 2 500 places will be available on-campus for students this fall. Although it’s more housing than UVic has provided in the past, the other 19 500 students are in for a challenge.

“Finding housing for all 22 000 UVic students requires support of legions of local landlords and housing providers who we count on as community partners,” said Hall. “UVic’s economic impact is directly re l a t e d t o t h e p e o p l e i n o u r community who make sure our nearly 30 000 students, staff, and faculty have a place to live.” Some of us are lucky enough to find landlords who rent to students for less than market value or with no references, but it's mostly students who make sure we have housing. We go over our budgets, take out bigger loans, and accept long commutes or basement suites with mold. We’ve all heard stories about people deferring their studies because they couldn’t find a place to live, living in vans, or breaking the maximum occupancy laws. Despite how much of the rental market students make up and the contributions we make to the local economy, we’re at a disadvantage. According to the report, UVic students lost $399.5 million between 2019 and 2020 while completing studies instead of working. Yet we’re competing for limited housing

Graphic by Sie Douglas-Fish.

against people with full-time or dual incomes and who aren't discriminated against for being ‘reckless students.’ A lot of us are also new to renting, with fewer references than other applicants. President Hall said that “UVic is a major part of Greater Victoria,” but

students are the fuel powering this institution. We’re helping support Greater Victoria, but it doesn’t feel mutual. When I look around Greater Victoria, I don’t see a community that welcomes students, and I don’t see the supportive environment that President Hall speaks of.


RateMyProf can't always be trusted

RateMyProfessors is a useful tool, as long as it isn’t the only factor deciding course enrolment KRISTEN DE JAGER CONTRIBUTING WRITER As the fall semester approaches, many students are attempting to figure out what courses they are going to take next. For many of us, this problem extends beyond looking at degree requirements and course descriptions. As popular courses are usually offered at different times by different p ro f e s s o r s , i t b e c o m e s m o re complicated to try and figure out what course and professor would be the best fit for you. Enter RateMyProfessors. Founded in 1999, RateMyProfessors is no new player in the game. It has become a staple in how we pick our courses, and a chance for us to give an honest opinion about our experience in a specific course. That, together with the fact that RateMyProfessors has a collection of over 19 million ratings of 1.7 million professors and 7 500 schools, makes it very hard to ignore the opinions out there that you can listen to about how a course went for someone else. It seems like the ultimate tool. But is it always reliable?

The first gut reaction is no, obviously not. Online reviews are not guaranteed to be accurate 100 per cent of the time. This is not only speaking for RateMyProfessors, but any online rating system. That added with the fact that they had the chilli pepper rating up on the site until 2018, which (very problematically) reviewed professors ‘ h o t n e s s , ’ i t ’s h a r d t o s e e RateMyProfessors as anything other than an outdated gimmick. However, in our consumerist society it's easy to allow sites like RateMyProfessors to blur the lines between academia and simply receiving a service. At the end of the day, we are paying for our education, and so we want to know we are investing our money well, and paying attention to reviews is the easiest way to try and guarantee that. In his 2016 article, "What makes an online consumer review trustworthy?", Raffaele Filieri suggests that as consumers we see reviews that are extremely positive, or overly negative as untrustworthy. This means that as students, when we go onto RateMyProfessors, we tend to trust the reviews that rate profs

Screenshot of the RateMyProfessor website.

around 3/5 for quality. If the rating is too low in a review or too high, us students can get suspicious. For all we know the professor might be attempting to raise their overall scores themselves. Even when a professor has an allaround good rating (above 4/5 for

quality), they still might not be the right fit for your needs as a student. The only way to find that out is to take their class. I myself am guilty of selecting specific courses because the professor’s quality rating was high and their difficulty level was low. While this has


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worked out sometimes, other times I find myself either not really learning anything because the course wasn’t challenging, or that the professor was completely different from their reviews. This means that although I have RateMyProfessors as an option to help me choose what courses I take, at the end of the day it's still a gamble whether or not I’m going to do well with that professor. This doesn’t mean that you should disregard RateMyProfessors entirely, there are useful components added to many ratings like whether the textbook is required, and if attendance is actually mandatory. These two components alone aid a lot of people in knowing whether or not the course is right for them. So, while students should not base their entire schedule around how well the professors stack up on RateMyProfessors, they should still look into what other students have to say about the course to add some useful information into their decision. Or even look up ratings after the course is over to feel solidarity over how hard a course was, and to get some laughs in about the rage people have when they write reviews.

Will return!

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include your real name and affiliation to UVic, and have “Letter to the editor” in the subject line. Letters must be under 200 words and may be edited.

JULY 28TH, 2022 //


Are Victoria's reseller

Rise of resellers: A solution to fast fashion or taking away from those in need?

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At 9 a.m., the heavy metal doors start to open slowly. The once-joking men stop their conversations and start to pile into Value Village. The door-greeter sanitizes each of their hands before they sprint off in every direction. The fluorescent lights beam down, employees stand off to the sides, and the aisles of clothes have been restocked with hidden gems waiting to be discovered. Julio Martelino darts towards the men’s sweater section. He scans each rack like it’s a competition — because it is. He spends a maximum of 30 seconds on each rack before heading on to the next, picking up items as he goes. He runs to the next aisle and does the same. The metal screech of hangers dragging across the racks echoes throughout the building. He passes his friends — now competitors — in the aisles. They yell out to each other about their finds but do not stop to talk. After 15 minutes of frantic activity, the entire store starts to settle and the employees come out from the sidelines. Martelino heads to the shoe section and finds his 16-year-old friend, Jake, holding a pair of Ravenclaw Doc Martin rip-offs. Jake makes a joke about how ugly the pair of shoes is as Martelino displays his finds. Oliver Coyle, Martelino’s friend and business partner, comes over. The friends discuss their finds, debating which to keep and which to put back. They analyze every detail of the clothing — the colour of the tags, the cuffs of sweaters, measurements — and they Google how much the items would cost on resale websites such as Grailed and Depop. This race in Value Village is the everyday morning of a clothing reseller. Since the beginning of the pandemic in 2020, thrift shopping has hit an all-time high. According to reporting by the Globe and Mail, 36.2 million people shopped secondhand for the first time that year compared to 16.4 million in previous years. With this rise in second-hand shopping, there has also been an increase in people reselling clothes to make a profit on the side, and people making full careers out of it. While many see thrifting as a sustainable approach to fashion, some advocates argue that thrifting and reselling are gentrifying thrift stores and taking clothes away from people in need.

GROWING UP THRIFTING As a kid, UVic student Joelene Brewer spent most Sundays hitting garage sales with her father. For Brewer, this was not only a fun Sunday hobby for her and her family, but also a necessity, as it is for many other Canadians who cannot afford everyday items. “Growing up, we always thrifted pretty much anything that could be [bought] second-hand,” Brewer says, wearing a cropped AC/DC shirt and a long yellow skirt, both items thrifted. Raised in a family of five during the 2008 recession, Brewer and her family shopped at stores like Value Village for clothes. They also scanned neighbourhoods for pieces of furniture on the side of the road that they could repair and repurpose. Brewer remembers being 12 and endlessly scanning the racks of Value Village, looking for popular namebrand clothes and trying to find the perfect outfit so she could avoid being outcast by her peers. “I remember feeling a little bit of shame and embarrassment being younger and thrift shopping,” she says. “I would be thrift shopping, and … I [felt] like ‘I visibly don’t have the money.’” Brewer recalls that she wished she could have shopped in malls and bought name-brand clothing like her classmates. But in 2018, she got a job at a popular thrift store in Langley called Talize, and that’s when her views on thrift stores started to shift. “The year that I started working at the thrift store, I transferred schools to a fine arts school,” she says. “There were a lot of wealthy kids that went to this school, and I remember feeling kind of shocked that I would see so many of these people repeatedly at the thrift store.” Second-hand reselling has also grown in popularity as apps like Depop, Poshmark, Grailed, and even Instagram make it accessible to buy second-hand clothing in the comfort of your own home. Even Brewer admits to having sold a few vintage finds for a little extra cash. “I think a lot of people don’t know that an item will get recycled if it’s not sold,” Brewer says. “I don’t feel too guilty buying something secondhand and reselling it if I know that it can be recycled and then no one gets to have it.”

As reselling and thrift shopping have become popular, arguments claiming that thrifting and reselling are gentrifying thrift stores are also rising, leaving many people to question the ethics of second-hand shopping and reselling. “Objectively, I think it’s something we should all be moving towards, in an environmental way,” says Brewer. “I don’t think that people moving towards thrifting alone is what made thrifting so expensive. These stores know they can charge people more because there’s more people buying.”

ELICITING HATE COMMENTS Vlogs called “Thrift Hauls” or “Come Thrift W ith Me,” videos where teenagers and young adults film themselves thrift shopping, circulate throughout TikTok and other social media. These kinds of videos can gain around 100 000 to even millions of views, but arguments that flare in the comment sections aren’t all favourable. Hate comments like “God I hate people like you,” or “you’re one of t h o s e p e o p l e ” a re b e c o m i n g common on popular thrifting vlogs, and can gain thousands of likes. These comments are emerging after online arguments claim that the rise o f t h r i f t i n g a n d re s e l l e r s a re gentrifying thrift stores and making it harder for lower income folks to find good clothes for cheap. The other half of the argument is in favour of thrifting and resellers. Previously, the Martlet reported that “fashion is responsible for nearly 20 per cent of global wastewater and 10 per cent of global carbon emissions.” The negative effects of the fast fashion industry have motivated people to turn to thrifting as a sustainable alternative. These conflicting arguments raise the question: is the rise of thrifting taking away from lower income individuals or is it a solution to the environmental devastation of fast fashion?

THE HISTORY OF THRIFTING Thrift stores in America started in the late 19th century during the industrial revolution. During this time there was an introduction of mass clothing production, according to a 2018 article from Time. Clothes started to get more affordable and more disposable, triggering the creation of consignment stores as a way to recycle clothing that was tossed away. In Canada, thrift stores started to gain popularity in the 1980s. By the ‘90s thrift stores had started to open up in malls, according to CBC. But in 2020, the second-hand market really started to boom, with the market reaching a record high of $35 billion in 2021. It’s expected to double, reaching $82 billion by 2026, according to ThredUP’s 2022 resale report. Other than the rise of TikToks, thrifting has become popular among Millennial and Gen Z generations as a way to stop supporting the fast fashion industry. Fast fashion is known for its unethical treatment of workers, with 170 million children estimated to be engaged in child labour. The argument against the rise of thrifting and reselling comes down to the idea that people who are buying clothes at thrift store prices and reselling them to make a profit are reducing the already limited options for people who need them. Thrift stores were created to serve the lower-income community, but the popularity of thrifting is dramatically increasing foot traffic, and potentially increasing the prices at thrift stores. Dr. Marlea Clarke, a UVic associate professor studying labour and environmental consequences of fast fashion, says this isn’t necessarily true. “[Thrift stores] have more clothes than they can sell,” Clarke says. “So far, the trend of [people buying from thrift stores] and reselling them is not reducing the stock that second-hand stores have to then sell.” According to a 2018 article from CBC, only half of the donations to thrift stores, such as the Salvation Army, end up on the racks and only half of that is sold. This means only 25 per cent of donated clothing is sold in thrift stores. The rest of the clothes are either sold to different countries, or sent to recycling warehouses, where it’s either made into rags or sent to landfills.

“For gentrification of thrift stores, I’m not sure I’m seeing it,” continues Clarke. “It’s extremely unlikely that now, or in the next five years, we're going to see rising prices in secondhand thrift stores … so much so that lower-income folks won’t be able to go into thrift stores and still buy clothes.” Non-profit thrift stores, such as The Salvation Army, aren’t seeing a major difference since the rise of thrifting and reselling either. “I haven’t noticed any change in the amount of clothing being sold, [and] the prices remain consistent throughout,” says Lisa*, the manager at a local Salvation Army. For local non-profit organizations, there are options for people who need to get the clothing they deserve and an endless supply of clothing to choose from. According to their annual 2020–2021 impact report, the Salvation Army provided just over 11 400 vouchers to people in need across Canada, free of charge. “We put out about 600 units [of clothing] every day of the week, six days a week,” says Lisa. “There’s always an ample selection for every demographic and every income level that comes into the store. There’s always enough for everyone to go around.” Another argument that people against resellers are making online comes down to the prices people are selling their thrift finds for. A reseller can find a $5 or $10 shirt on the racks of thrift stores and, depending on the shirt, can resell it for $100 or even $200. In some rare instances, vintage shirts can even sell for $6 000, as a vintage Aladdin shirt did in 2020. “If [people] can buy old clothes from a vintage store and sell them online for a whole bunch more, well that’s them being entrepreneurs,” Clarke says. For some people, paying hundreds to even a thousand dollars is worth it to gain another piece for their collection. “It’s kind of [crazy] that people pay so much money for certain clothes,” says Martelino. “But that’s with everything. Even some stamps can go for a lot, or baseball cards that are really rare.”

I remember feeling a little bit of shame and embarrassment being younger and thrift shopping. - Joelene Brewer

Julio Marte

lino and Oliv

INSIDE THE LIFE OF VINTAGE RESELLERS Martelino sits down at a local coffee shop wearing a vintage ‘90s Nike shirt, a jacket he made from old, recycled Carhartt pants, with a matching handmade Carhartt tote bag. Martelino is a 26-year-old UVic chemistry graduate and a vintage reseller in Victoria. For the past year, Martelino has dedicated his time to thrifting and reselling. His Instagram @julios.yard is ever-growing, gaining over a thousand followers within the span of a year. His feed is filled with vintage sweaters and shirts he found at local thrift stores like Value Village and Salvation Army. His TikTok is splattered with videos of “Thrift Hauls,” some gaining over 300 000 views. But Martelino didn’t always know he wanted to be a vintage reseller. “I was working at a thrift store towards the end of my degree at UVic,” says Martelino. “I started reselling the clothes I was buying at the thrift store and I started making more money reselling the clothes than I did working.” In 2019, Martelino graduated from UVic with plans of attending school for dentistry. But in 2021 he had to make the decision to either continue school or quit everything and pursue a career in reselling. “At the end of the day, I decided to do [reselling],” says Martelino. Since pursuing a career in reselling, Martelino has made this his full-time job, making just enough to live off of. “It’s really hit or miss … right now, though, it’s kind of stressful.” After only a year of reselling clothes, Martelino opened a consignment clothing store in downtown Victoria with another popular reseller, Oliver Coyle. Their store is called Second Degree Vintage, an inside joke to the owners as they were both UVic science graduates. Since growing his business, Martelino has seen the online arguments against resellers like him. “I’m just trying to survive,” Martelino says. “I’m not rich by any means. I could probably make … around the poverty line just from reselling … We’re particular in what we pick [at thrift stores]. We only take certain things. There’s still so much more for other people to take.”

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THE FUTURE OF SECONDHAND Back at Value Village, another thrifting day is about to begin. A group of men stand around outside of the building half an hour before the doors open. The Victoria rain sprinkles down on them; they’re protected by their thrifted Arc’teryx raincoats. The lineup is broken up into different groups of resellers. Martelino stands around in a circle with other clothing resellers and his personal friends, they’re all laughing and making jokes with one another. “Half the reason we come here so early is to talk about thrifting,” Jake, another Victoria reseller, says. “It’s a nice social thing,” says Martelino. But even though the rise of thrift shopping is keeping more unwanted clothing out of the landfills, there hasn’t been a real decrease in clothing consumption in the fast fashion industry. “The negative part of [thrift shopping] is it’s not making a real dent on the consumption of new clothes,” says Clarke. “We’re not seeing a parallel decrease in consumption of new clothes at the same time we’re seeing an increase [in] consumption of second-hand clothes.” Even though reselling and thrifting hasn’t made a dent in overall consumption, it is creating jobs for young entrepreneurs, like Martelino and many other local resellers here in Victoria. “It doesn’t feel like [I’m doing] a lot,” says Martelino. “At least I’m starting my own business.” *Last name omitted to protect identity.

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Thor: Love and Thunder — the wackiest Marvel movie of all time

Perfect buffoonery permeates this latest Marvel adventure RAHEEM UZ ZAMAN VOLUNTEER STAFF WRITER Taika Waititi’s latest Marvel movie, Thor: Love and Thunder, is filled with quirky and witty scenes; its offbeat sense of humour will knock your socks off. In most movies directed or written by Waititi, including Thor: Ragnarok, there is a balance between comedy, emotions, and action. However, in this fourth installment of the Thor franchise, wackiness overpowers all. Some viewers may deem this as a flaw, but I think it is the main draw of the movie. In Thor: Ragnarok, all three of Waititi's core film attributes are on display in the first 15 minutes. At one moment, Loki is falling through an endless void — and in a matter of minutes, he and his brother are giving an emotional goodbye to their dying father. While not doing away with this approach entirely, Love and Thunder cultivates a much stronger sense of buffoonery than previous entries. Screaming goats, unusual love triangles, and a parody of an Old Spice commercial represent just a few examples of the humour sprinkled throughout the film. Thor, played by the shredded Chris Hemsworth, has been given the license to showcase even more of his comedic skills.

Perhaps to throw the viewer off, the movie starts with a familiar blend of emotional action content. Gorr the God Butcher, played by Christian Bale, gets in a quarrel with a callous and egomaniacal god. Bale’s performance in displaying his character’s hatred for the gods was palpable in the cinema. Unfortunately, what lacks in most Marvel villains these days is humour. Like the protagonists, antagonists should be a bit jocular as well. The only main villain in a Marvel movie I can think of who is characterized this way is Loki. While Bale does deliver an outstanding performance, it is time for characters like Gorr to have a balanced role; a bit of malice and humour. Despite the tonally dour set up, Hemsworth's comedic charm and personality are the true love and thunder of the movie. In the first part of the movie, Waititi juxtaposes Thor and the Guardians of the Galaxy, which really shows Waititi’s comedic flair. Unlike the guardians, Thor is being portrayed almost as if he were a n o v e r p o w e re d v i d e o g a m e character. As the guardians have space criminals other than Gorr to worry about, Thor and Korg (voiced by Waititi) have no other choice but to break away from the guardians. While parting ways with the guardians, Thor

Promotional movie poster via Marvel Studios.

hugs Star Lord — the leader of the guardians — in comedic fashion. It did not look like Star Lord would miss him. Ah, classic Thor. It is important to note here the progress of Thor and Star Lord's relationship. Due to Thor’s superior powers, Star Lord has always felt insecure about his abilities. That insecurity alongside Thor believing they have become really good friends, creates one of the funniest friendship dynamics in the Marvel franchise. Thor also reunites with Jane Foster (Natalie Portman) and Valkyrie (Tessa Thompson) who, along with Korg, join

in the effort to stop the enraged Gorr. Later in the movie, Thor approaches Stormbreaker, his newest weapon, and he tells it that he has no more feelings for Mjolnir, his iconic hammer from previous entries, despite knowing this to be a lie himself. When this scene took place, I could hear faint giggles all across the cinema. There are many funny moments associated with Jane in this new entry as well, bringing some much needed awkwardness and humour to Portman’s otherwise notoriously serious character.

This awkwardness is associated with Foster getting acclimated to her new role as Lady Thor. But, I believe it is important to note that it reflects the development of her character throughout the films — from an astrophysicist to a badass space viking. As for Korg, he narrates the story of every main character in a funny voice — and acts in a clumsy manner whenever and wherever he can. Waititi is also making an attempt with the younger generation. The screaming goats, something of a meme on social media, and Thor temporarily giving superhero powers to Asgardian children are prime examples. I am not saying that comedy is all that this movie is about. There is action and emotion as well, but its general wittiness definitely carries its more serious content. Love and Thunder is full of jokes, humour, and awkward moments, with a bit of action and drama. A successful movie needs all of these things in appropriate measure. The Internet Movie Database currently rates Thor: Love and Thunder 6.8/10. But, considering the humour carrying the movie, I would give it an 8.5/10.

New exhibition Still Standing: Ancient Forest Futures captures strength of old growth under threat

Artists reflect on B.C.’s ancient forests in new display at Legacy Art Gallery SARAH ROBERTS CONTIRBUTING WRITER

Late last month, the art exhibition Still Standing: Ancient Forest Futures opened at the Legacy Art Gallery, reflecting upon our relationship with the old growth forests of B.C. Curated by Jessie Demers, the exhibit collects works by 12 artists, bridging gaps between art, ecology, and community activism. As viewers on Victoria’s Yates Street flee into the Legacy Art Gallery to escape the oppressive summer heat, they may feel as if they have been cocooned in a shaded forest, immersed in the sounds of forest canopy, the atmosphere filled with the winds and calls of woodpeckers. A panoramic print of lush greens and mossy barks wraps around the gallery entrance. The intense detail of the photographic print accentuates the textures so much so that they appear three-dimensional. The site-specific works entitled Treescape Revolution were created by UVic Visual Arts Associate Professor and practising artist Paul Walde, who uses sound compositions to connect with ecology. Walde created Treescape Revolution for the Eden Grove Artist in Residence Program — founded in 2021 by Demers. With the permission of Pachehaadt communities, upon whose unceded territory Eden Grove stands, Demers invited artists to live and work in cedarwood forests, a short walk from the old-growth blockades. The gallery pieces reflect the connections that artists have built, both with the landscape and with those fighting to protect it. In an email interview, Demers recalled, “Some of

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the artists spent many days and weeks in the forest and became intimately familiar with the ancient red cedars in the grove. Some also developed deep friendships with the forest protectors at Eden Camp, a nearby blockade, and these relationships fed into the artwork that was produced, telling stories of community, struggle, and resilience.” In August 2021, a selection of artworks produced by several of the artist residents were displayed at Fortune Gallery in the show Last Stand: Ancient Forests, Collective Action. The Legacy’s current display, Still Standing, expands on that previous iteration, inviting viewers to consider the impacts of old-growth logging across Canada. Demers cited the importance of working with First Nations peoples throughout the residency project. “I created the residency program with the support of Pacheedaht Elder Bill Jones, Roxy Jones, and upcoming Hereditary Chief Victor Peter. They bravely spoke out against the logging plans on their territory, which their community was not consulted on, either by the colonial government or the elected Chief.” On the first wall of Still Standing, a video produced with Bill Jones highlights the import of old-growth forests for members of his community, including the power of old growths in establishing equilibrium and balance. Alongside the recording, viewers can learn of the detailed histories of the Eden Grove camp and of the non-violent protests at Fairy Creek, which resulted in over 1 000 arrests.

Unfortunately, Eden Grove is not an isolated example of destructive logging practices. With just 2.7 per cent of the old growth in B.C. still intact, these issues deeply affect many communities. In the 2022 show at the Legacy, an additional four artists joined the eight from the Eden Grove project, pushing the discourse outwards. Demers told the Martlet, “I've invited other artists to participate who have connections with old growth on their own territory such as Gord Hill ( Kw a k w a k a ' w a k w ) , J orda n H ill (T'Souke), and Carey Newman (Kwakwaka'wakw and Sto:lo).” Newman’s video, The Last Totem, portrays the artist’s profound personal conflict grappling with centuries of carving tradition and the ethics of sustainability. The accompanying Cedar Maquette, envisions his latest totem. The marked wood, freshly cut in preparation, echoes the artist’s unanswered question for the future, “What comes next?” On the work, Demers commented, “I’m particularly excited about the forward vision of Carey's Totem 2.0 Maquette and his video The Last Totem, which envisions a new way of making totem poles without cutting down ancient cedar trees.” These artists draw on a plethora of new and traditional media techniques. One wall displays Jeremy Herndl’s arresting portrait, Black Cedar, which captures, in thickly layered oils, the resolute and sturdy power of ancient growth. Round a corner, Jordan Hill’s video installation, Horizontal Vertigo, is projected onto translucent and fine layers of chiffon.The fast camera work that recorded forest growth creates an urgent feeling of fleeting movement.

Carey Newman, 2022, Totem 2.0, Cedar Maquette. Photo by Sarah Roberts.

As Demers recognized, despite the differences in approach, a connecting thread runs through the entire show. “Throughout all of the artists’ work is the awareness that we are all impacted by the colonial, capitalist notion of nature as a commodity to consume rather than a source of life we are all a part of and depend upon for survival," she wrote. "All of the artists challenge these colonial paradigms in their work in different ways and offer a vision for [a] future in which we have more reciprocal

relationships with these ancient forests that have supported life for millennia — a future in which ancient forests remain standing." Participating artists include Carey Newman, Connie Morey, Gord Hill, Heather Kai Smith, Jeremy Herndl, Jordan Hill, Kelly Richardson, Kyle Scheurmann, Mike Andrew McLean, Paul Walde, Rande Cook, and Valerie Salez. Still Standing: Ancient Forest Futures will be open until Sept. 17, 2022.


Nick La Riviere and the Best Laid Plans jazz up Hermann's Upstairs

Ear-ringingly good jazz and a high energy performance earns encore BRIANNA BOCK VOLUNTEER STAFF WRITER

Half the fun of going to a live event is the experience. There’s nothing quite like the rush of hearing a live band blare into life amongst a crowd of people. Nick La Riviere and the Best Laid Plans inspired that kind of experience at Hermann's Upstairs on July 16. Nick La Riviere and the Best Laid Plans is a 10-piece jazz band with La Riviere on trombone and vocals (and couch shells), Miguel Valdes on trumpet, Barrie Sorensen on sax, Kelly Fawcett on guitar and vocals, Attila Fias on keys, Louis Rudner on bass, and Alex Campbell on drums. That night, the band included three guest singers: Lauren Marshall, Amanda Nielsen, and Alli Bean. A word to describe their music? Loud. Ear-ringing loud. They certainly embody big-band music and have the energy to keep up the excitement through two sets, including a couple slower songs. With a mix of covers and original music from their new album Get Ready! there was something for all

jazz fans to enjoy. There was a distinct ‘dad music’ energy to the concert, which isn’t a bad thing. The band's music is influenced by modern New Orleans music: all horns and high energy. It's the best kind of music for dancing. The concert was split into two sets. The first covered older and classic jazz songs, and the second blared songs from Get Ready!. The Best Laid Plans definitely used the covers to hook the audience into their style of jazz before segueing into their original music. It was a smart way to build up the energy of the audience and then transition into something new. The energy of the set did dip during two slower songs in the second set. Not that the songs were bad, just slightly different from the rest of the line-up. One was a more meditative piece that you can tell was written during the pandemic. The slow songs stood out from the other higher-energy songs, but it was only after the return to those energetic songs that people got up and danced for the last songs of the night. And it earned The Best Laid Plans an encore.

Photo sourced from Hermann's Jazz Club Facebook.

One song that didn’t really land for me personally was “No More,” written as a response to gun violence several years ago. It felt a little too vague to really add anything to the conversation — problem of being a bit too broad in its subject material.

Still, if you’re a fan of jazz, you can’t go wrong with the Best Laid Plans. All the performers have clearly been playing jazz for a long time, and you can hear that experience and technical mastery when they play. The horns can take insane high notes while still sounding like they belong in the song instead of feeling like the performers

are showing off for the sake of showing off. Each high energy song gave at least three of the performers a solo, and they each took the opportunity to really own that time. Sometimes solos can feel like something tacked onto a song, but the Best Laid Plans made sure that solos were incorporated well. They all sounded like they belonged, and didn’t eat up any of the energy. If anything, the solos served as a chance to build the energy back up again, which made the songs feel like they kept going and going. So much of the experience was enhanced by seeing the band in person. High energy music feels different when enjoyed among a large crowd of people. Even though I was seated perhaps a little too close to the amps, and at times the trumpet was all I could hear, there was no denying that the music was a huge mood booster. Sometimes, music is best enjoyed live and in a room of dancing strangers. More information about Nick La Riviere and the Best Laid Plans can be found at nicklariviere.com/ bestlaidplans.


A short guide to scenic hikes around Victoria Everything you need to know to start hitting these local trails ISABELLA KENNEDY EDITOR-IN-CHIEF MANMITHA DEEPTHI CONTRIBUTING WRITER The Island, known for its lush scenery, towering trees, and outdoor pursuits, is the perfect place to start hiking. Maybe you’re new in town, or recently lied to a Tinder date that you love hiking too. Whatever the reason, here are some of the best scenic hikes on the lower Island that you can trek today. If you do nothing else with this list, at least you read about climbing mountains.

MOUNT WORK SUMMIT TRAIL Level: Intermediate Looking to put in some werk? Try the Mt. Work summit trail. A relatively short, intensive climb takes you to the top of Mt. Work Regional Park, overlooking dense forests, the Saanich Inlet, and beyond. While it's got a great view, this trail is certainly not an easy stroll and gets pretty busy on

summer weekends. Also, after heavy rainfall, this trail can flood and gets muddy, especially near the beginning. Birks are not recommended, and bring a water bottle.

MACAULAY POINT PARK Level: Beginner If you have a pet dog that needs new territory to strut, look no further than this historic spot in Esquimalt. With a launch area for kayaks and boats, and a cliff for novice climbers to practice on, this trail takes you to the site of Fort Macaulay. This park offers views of the Olympic mountains and the Salish Sea along with a history lesson of one of the most important artillery batteries in Victoria. The trail loops around the park in an outer and inner circle with interesting remnants of artillery and military ramparts. History buffs are highly encouraged to traverse this park.

MOUNT FINLAYSON Level: Advanced Those looking for a challenge should try out Mount Finlayson. Definitely the

most difficult trail on this list, Finlayson starts off relatively easy but near the summit the trail gets rugged and steep. Some parts will require you to be on all fours and spidermonkey climb (Edward Cullen style) to the top. Hiking boots and a protein bar are recommended. Will be challenging for beginners.

MYSTIC BEACH Level: Intermediate Maybe you are an ocean lover with an affinity for beaches? Look no further than 76 km away from downtown Victoria. The windy west coast road towards Mystic Beach makes for an awesome cruise with friends or family. The parking lot for this hike is at China Beach, which is located along the shores of the Juan de Fuca Strait. Once you park near the gravel side of the lot, hike for two km through lush forest, following the short red markers on the trees that lead to the sandy Mystic Beach. Towards the left of the beach is a small waterfall cascading through the rocks. Ethereal and unreal.

Mystic Beach, photo by Mary MacLeod.

EAST SOOKE REGIONAL PARK Level: Beginner - Intermediate There are 50 km of trails that wind through this beautiful park. Many of the hikes are beginner-friendly, except for the Coast Trail which is the most difficult route and has unbeatable

ocean views. This is a favorite spot for many locals, so expect a packed parking lot on sunny weekends. Be sure to peep the petroglyphs at Alldridge Point when you’re there.

GOLDSTREAM FALLS Level: Beginner Along the Trans-Canada highway, located about 20 km from Victoria, lies the most luscious trail of greenery and serenity you can witness.The sound of birds and the flow of the river compensate for the highway traffic. This hike begins at Goldstream campground. Further into the forest are two paths, one that crosses a bridge and one that goes through a tunnel. Each path leads to scenic views. The tunnel leads to a waterfall and the bridge ends at a viewpoint of a lake. This is also a known salmon spawning ground in the fall where thousands of salmon make their way upriver to spawn and die. If you are looking to get into hiking, these are some of the best scenic routes on the lower Island. You’ll be sweaty, but you’ll look great doing it. Like, are you a local or something?

Mount Work, photo by Isabella Kennedy.

East Sooke Regional Park, photo by Isabella Kennedy.

JULY 28TH, 2022

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July Cross-Word

ACROSS 3. To steal or commit armed robbery 7. Not your everyday, run-of-the-mill movie 10. To light something up 11. Freshmen's first day 13. Traditional martial arts weapon 17. Mcdonald's, Steve Nash Fitness, Marriott, etc. 19. Causing physical, biological, or chemical alteration 20. Uncooked popcorn, but spelled rather weird 21. Take over the ____

1 2 3 5










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1. Unimportant underling of a very powerful person 2. Global financial service firm that went bankrupt in 2008 4. A clinical psychologist or psychiatrist 5. Wide-legged jeans popular in the 1960s onward 6. Yellow fruit known for its high nutrient content 8. Giant, cratered orb in space 9. To grow, past tense 12. An extremely wicked crime or activity 14. Content, elated, glad 15. Beach-frequenting bird closely related to terns and skimmers 16. Deserving dislike and contempt 18. Meal replacement cereal by Kelloggs

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Across Down 3. To steal or commit armed robbery 1. Unimportant underling of a very powerful person 2. Global financial service firm that wen bankrupt in 7. Not your everyday, run-of-the-mill movie. 2008 10. To light something up 4. A clinical psychologist or psychiatrist 11. Freshmen's first day 5. Wide-legged jeans popular in the 1960s onward 13. Traditional martial arts weapon VOLUME 75 ISSUE 3 6. Yellow fruit known for its high nutrient content 17. Mcdonald's, Steve Nash Fitness, Marriott etc 8. Giant, cratered orb in space 19. Causing physical, biological, or chemical EDITOR-IN-CHIEF The Martlet Publishing Society is Isabella Kennedy SENIOR STAFF WRITERS VOLUNTEER STAFF EDITORS alteration 9. To grow past-tense an incorporated B.C. society and edit@martlet.ca Boston Laferté, Ashlee Levy Susan Bahaduri, Serena Chan operates based on our Statement 20. Un-cooked popcorn, but spelled rather weird 12. An extremely wicked crime or activity DESIGN DIRECTOR VOLUNTEER STAFF WRITERS CONTRIBUTORS of Principles. We strive to act as Sie Douglas-Fish Brianna Bock, Raheem Uz Zaman Manmitha Deepthi, Kristen de Jager, an agent of constructive social 21. Take over the ____ 14. Content, elated,Melody gladPowers, Sarah Roberts, Caroline Tucker design@martlet.ca change and will not publish racist, SENIOR STAFF EDITOR sexist, homophobic or otherwise 15. Beach-frequenting bird closely related to terns and OPERATIONS MANAGER Aidan Nelson-Sandmark oppressive copy. Mary MacLeod skimmers business@martlet.ca 16. Deserving dislike and contempt 18. Meal replacement cereal by Kelloggs Our paper is written and published on the unceded lands of the Lekwungen peoples, and the Songhees, Esquimalt and WSÁNEĆ peoples whose historical relationships with the land continue to this day.

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JULY 28TH, 2022

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