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uSource replacement looks to increase functionality, p. 3

Victoria gears up for byelection, referendum, p. 4

The Acorn delivers funky fall beats, melodies, p. 15

Soccer teams miss out on post-season, p. 20


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Replacement for uSource coming soon > Gemma Karstens-Smith Students who go to check their wait-list status or grades over the fall reading break might be surprised by what they find: that uSource no longer exists. UVic is replacing uSource, moving many of the services and functions it provides to the “current students, faculty and staff” portion of uvic.ca. The replacement will result in an outage from Nov. 10 at 4:30 p.m. to Nov. 15 at 6 a.m. “The services [students] are used to normally accessing through uSource, such as course changes, adds and drops, viewing grades, requesting transcripts; those kinds of services will be unavailable during the time the system is down,” said Tracey MacNeil, a senior programmer analyst at UVic. Students will still be able to access Moodle, Blackboard and webmail by going directly to their respective sites. Dave Wolowicz, UVic’s manager of web services, says that the replacement is necessary because uSource is outdated. “It’s been up since 2006 and the general lifecycle for any website or application is two or three years. So it’s time,” he said. “The technical architecture is out of date. As well, when we first went live with uSource, we didn’t have a lot of the integration parts with student registration and that stuff; it went live without that first. So as things grow organically, as things change organically, then you need to take it apart and reassess it and put it back together in a way that’s hopefully better for the users.” Since its inception, the merits of uSource have been hotly contested among the UVic community. “I hate uSource because of the overload of information. When I’m looking for registration information, grade information, etc., I don’t care how the Vikes are doing,” said Tylor Richards, who’s doing a masters in history at UVic. “I don’t bother with uSource or

Bite-size board briefs No new general manager

sol kauffman

These server blades carry the uSource data for the network.

the UVic site if I can help it; instead I just use Google to find what I need.” Brianna Potvin, a third-year software engineering student, thinks people would have liked uSource more if they knew its capabilities. “You can do a lot in uSource and I don’t really think a lot of people know what you can do in uSource and I think that kind of throws them off,” she said. “When anyone’s learning anything new, especially technology, they can be off-put by it, especially if it’s a dramatic change from what it was before.” Potvin also thinks that there have been improvements to uSource since it was first released. Wolowicz says that goal of the replacement is to centralize a lot of uSource’s services. “Rather than have uSource as a separate website, separate navigation, something separate that you go to, we’re actually taking all the functionality and putting it into uvic.ca under the current faculty, students and staff area.” He notes that another project the university is launching, “sign-in to UVic,” will make it so that people

won’t have to sign into all applications individually. There will also be a drop-down menu of different applications that can be accessed. Some things that will no longer be available when uSource is replaced are uSource mail, which is separate than UVic webmail, and the uSource calendar. Wolowicz says they are asking people to back up these files before the outage begins. The systems that do registration and class schedules will not change with the uSource replacement. “They’ll be accessed a little bit differently, but the mechanics of registering and things like that will be the same,” said Wolowicz. Wolowicz and MacNeil hope the new system will prevent a crash like the one that students returning to UVic experienced the night before classes began in September. “We’re doing some load testing now and it seems to be handling it better. The old technology had some grief,” said Wolowicz. “The funny thing about crashes is that, when they go down, you have to bring them back up and when you bring them back up, you have so

many people trying to access the system at once that they’re very difficult to bring back up. So we hope that the new system will act better.” MacNeil says the true volume test will be in January, which is the busiest time of the year for the system, with students adding and dropping classes all at once, instead of having a staggered registration period like the one that exists for registration during summer months. The university purchased new servers to make the new system run effectively. The servers cost about $45,000. Another cost was upgrading some of the systems used for things like putting in grades. “I think the majority of the cost is in the upgrade of those systems and in the time of the staff involved,” said MacNeil. “Plus there’s new equipment that’s been purchased, new servers, just to make sure things are faster and up to date and that sort of thing.” One place where UVic saved money on the project was in using free open-source software, although staff spent a lot of time implementing the new software.

The UVic Students’ Society (UVSS) has decided not to hire a new general manager. In August, the UVSS “mutually agreed to part ways” with former general manager Marne Jensen. At the time, the Personnel Committee was authorized to hire an interim general manager for up to two months. Business Manager Dale Robertson took up signing authority and committee memberships, while UVSS executive directors took on added responsibilities. Now the board has decided to make a permanent move from the previous three-manager system to a two-manager system. UVSS Director of Services Remy Hall says that the move will save more than $70,000 a year. UVSS Chairperson James Coccola added that the Society budgeted $25,000 for a general manager for next semester, so that money will now be saved. Coccola says that the executive directors will continue with their added responsibilities. Hall says these responsibilities make the executive directors more connected to the Society. Hall notes that the move to a two-manager system leaves an open office space in the Student Union Building which can either be used by groups or can be leased out. Both Hall and Coccola emphasized the change will not affect services. “We’re not shedding anything as a result of this switch,” said Hall. –Gemma Karstens-Smith

Board adopts equity policy The UVSS Board of Directors meeting on Nov. 1 saw the board adopt two new policies designed to create equal opportunities for people who identify as part of a marginalized group to be represented on committees and delegations. The policies, moved by Women’s Centre representative Robyn Spilker, open up at least half of the spots on a commitee or delegation to people who identify as indigenous, or belonging to a group marginalized by sex, gender, race, ability or sexuality. Some board members expressed concern about the effects of the policy on heterosexual, white men. –Kailey Willetts

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Eleven candidates vie for council spot > MARK WORTHING

gemma karstens-smith

The Blue Bridge is both a hot topic for by-election candidates and voters, as it will be the subject of a referendum taking place alongside the Nov. 20 Victoria City Council by-election.

expressed that efforts to restore the Johnson Street Bridge should be done at a lower cost. She expressed the need to do small-scale infrastructure such as fixing roads. Mora sought to put the democratic process back in the hands of the citizens of Victoria, advocating for a move from representative democracy to direct democracy. “We have been used to representative democracy, but we can be brave and move to direct democracy through me,” he said, and noted “business could pay a bit more for those who don’t have all that we have.” Community concerns have been raised regarding Mora’s sex offender charges 10 years ago, though Mora has been granted a pardon, expressed regret and is not dwelling on the past. Kruzel — also a 2008 mayoral candidate, winning 107 votes — explained that crime was his number one issue, and emphasized the importance of being involved in the downtown core. Kruzel would like to see more financial support and refurbishment for the Greater Victoria Public Library. “Do you live downtown, do you

shop downtown and do your kids go to school in the city of Victoria? Do you really believe in being able to get on your bicycle and go to the places you want to go to; eat locally, shop locally, know your farmer?” he said. Sirk, an outspoken naturalist and bus driver, and Filipovic, a Green Party campaigner and member, stood out as the greener, more environmentally inclined of the candidates along with Kruzel in his emphasis on amalgamating the Capital Regional District (CRD) and living locally. “You know,” said Sirk, who represented Cortez Island at the Comox-Strathcona Regional District for nine years, and is keen on improving parks in Victoria, “lets stop commercial sales of English Ivy [an invasive species].” Sirk’s radio show, Nature Boy, ran on CFUV for four years, going off air last spring. “Lobbying the government on the bus fares is very important. I think improving the bicycle paths is important to the university,” said Sirk. “Getting a skateboard park is a real pet project of mine. I think we

need another skateboard park right in the heart of Victoria, downtown. I think we need to do more for the youth in the city here.” “We don’t need more police in Victoria,” added Filipovic. “The late night bus services are one of the most important issues for students. You need to get back to UVic after a night on the town. Others issues would be the same as everyone else. We really need to get the homeless population off the street . . . We probably need three or four tent cities with hot water, showers, services that give people community and confidence.” At one point during the all candidates’ debate, Hobbis commented on Tumasonis regarding his ‘out-ofthe-box’ responses to questions and colorful personality. Moderator Stephen Andrews, instead of disciplining Hobbis, disciplined Tumasonis for standing up and saying, “I will not be sandbagged.” The next all candidates debate will take place on Nov. 8 at Little Fernwood Hall. Voting for the by-election will take place throughout Victoria on Nov. 20.

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Social justice issues were the strong suit of Henry, Andersen, Sirk and Filipovic. Filipovic garnered 1,411 votes as a mayoral candidate in 2008, falling into third place behind Rob Reid and current mayor Fortin. “Let’s include the First Nations for the first time in this city’s history,” said Henry, who also addressed homelessness and safe injection sites. “There are well over 2,000 people who are un-housed in Victoria,” she said. “Let’s return a safe injection site to the city that is run by intravenous users, and free up some land for a tent city.” Andersen echoed concerns over the effects of poverty. He followed Filipovic as a mayoral candidate in 2008 with 172 votes. “Poverty is a consequence of corporate capitalism. We should focus on things like food security and getting gardens in schoolyards,” he said. Tumasonis encouraged people to get their friends and neighbours to vote. “This is part of an art project,” he said. “Freedom of the press is wonderful, if you own the press.” Woods, a former broadcaster,

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Eleven candidates are vying for a single seat in the upcoming Victoria by-election. Marianna Alto, Saul Anderson, Paul Brown, Steve Filipovic, Rose Henry, Barry Hobbis, Hugh Kruzel, George Sirk, Pedro J. Mora, Rimas Tumasonis and Susan Woods are running to fill Sonya Chandler’s seat on city council as she heads to Europe for educational purposes. One hundred people, including moderator Stephen Andrew from A Channel News, and the electoral candidates sat in the First Metropolitan Church on the evening of Oct. 27 as the candidates gave their opinions and platforms in timed one-minute responses. Some questions posed to the candidates were: their position on the Johnson Street Bridge referendum, what the three most important infrastructure issues are in Victoria, what they would do in their first year of office, and what the two most important social issues are. Brown, Hobbis, and Alto held stronger business concerns than most of the other candidates. Alto was the only one in the group who expressed support for the re-construction of the Blue Bridge. Eight others expressed explicit noes for the referendum, and Anderson and Tumasonis employed their democratic right to withhold their decision on how they would vote in the referendum once elected. It was clear, however, that they were not in favour of the intent to take out large loans for a city infrastructure project that many feel could be more fiscally responsible or redirected to more pertinent issues in the city. “We need to get our taxes and spending in control. We need to get a grip on our finance and say no to big city projects,” said Hobbis, owner of the Victoria Harbour Ferry. Alto emphasized that, in order to have a good economy, the city must address homelessness. “They are two sides of the same coin,” said Alto, who also advocated for a living wage and a safety program for sex workers. Alto is a New Democrat Party executive member, and supporter of Victoria’s mayor, Dean Fortin. Brown focused more on fiscal prudence, due diligence, policing, and transportation. “We’re going to have to refurbish the infrastructure of Victoria,” he said.


mark worthing

Dean Fortin came to UVic to discuss plans for the Johnson Street Bridge with students on Oct. 28.

Bridge heads to referendum > Mark Worthing

old and, although maintained well over the years, is nearing the end of its design life. In addition it was designed at a time when earthquake engineering was not well understood and is therefore vulnerable to seismic loads.” “We want a bridge that reflects the values of today for the future,” said Mayor Dean Fortin as he handed out “vote yes” campaign leaflets at a meeting with UVic students on Oct. 28. Fortin rifled off facts, figures and statistics in favor of building a new bridge and explained, “we’re getting carbon credits from the federal government.” “In a statistics recall we discovered that 64 per cent of those surveyed wanted a new bridge,” said Fortin. “We have talked to the homeless people. They don’t care. But we’re making huge strides in

The Johnson Street Bridge is a bascule bridge, or drawbridge, that was completed in January of 1924. It was designed by Strauss-Bascule Company Ltd., built in part by the City of Victoria Engineering Department, and is the older cousin of San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge. But this 80-year-old icon has potentially reached its endgame, and its fate will be determined in the Blue Bridge referendum on Nov. 20 where voters will decide whether to approve the City taking a $49.2 million loan to replace the bridge. Delcan Corporation produced an overall condition assessment of the Johnson Street Bridge that was presented to city council in April, 2009. The report states, “The Johnson Street Bridge is more than 80 years

affordable housing.” The city has been criticized for putting $50,000 of public dollars towards a ‘vote yes’ campaign while the counter campaign johnsonstreetbridge.org has had little or no funding to not only bring the decision to referendum, but also to then advocate for refurbishment instead of replacement. Ten of 11 candidates running for council on Nov. 20 aren’t in favour of borrowing $49.2 million dollars towards building a new bridge, and would rather refurbish the bridge and redirect funds more appropriately. “If you gave me the funding for the bridge,” said council candidate Saul Andersen, “I would put it towards affordable housing . . . transportation, homelessness and harm reduction.”

FOR THE LOVE OF VICTORIA, VOTE! The only thing that the 11 candidates running in Victoria’s by-election can all agree on is the fact that voter turn out is at an abysmal low, and that encouraging citizens to get involved is of supreme importance for Victoria’s democratic integrity. Voter turnout for the last municipal election in 2008 was 27 per cent, with 17,080 Victorians heading to the ballot box. Perhaps the Blue Bridge Referendum, coinciding with the election on Nov. 20, can draw crowds to the booths. “If you could get someone to vote, that would be like voting yourself. Remember, voting is the least you can do for your democracy. Campaigning and getting involved with your community, that is where the real democracy has the potential for development,” said Steve Filipovic, one of the candidates currently running for council. Rimas Tumasonis, is the more theatric gonzo-style candidate running for city council. “If you don’t get out and vote, and if you don’t get your neighbours out to vote, then I’ll get into office!” he threatened with a smile on his face. The UVic Students’ Society hosted Mayor Dean Fortin to speak with students primarily about his campaign for the reconstruction of the Johnson Street Bridge on Oct. 28. At the event, Fortin received questions from a small group of about 11 or 12 individuals on a number of topics. “We’re trying to get more students voting. And that will have huge affects on the city. We want turnout that will reflect MARTLET AD Oct 28 2010 what the city wants,” he said.

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Conference looks to Putting a dollar sign on nature raise Pacific issues One duck is worth 1,800 bucks, according to a recent environmental penalty radical tides

> Leana Temoana

Peace, human dignity, social justice and environmental sustainability are a few of the weighty topics that will be explored next week at the Pacific Wayfinders Conference. Hosted by the Victoria-based nonprofit, Pacific Peoples’ Partnership (PPP) at UVic from Nov. 10–13, the conference will be a vital opportunity for academics, locals and leaders to converge on issues that are currently affecting indigenous peoples in the South Pacific and communities on B.C.’s West Coast. The conference aims to further cultural awareness and highlight dialogue on issues that many Canadians may not be familiar with. “Quite often when people think of the South Pacific, they just think of the tropics, but the thing is, there is a lot going on that people are completely unaware of,” said April Ingham, executive director of PPP and the central organizer for the conference. “There’s no real understanding at the baseline level of the wide range of challenges that are being faced there. Everything from environmental concerns, human rights concerns, health and education to gender inequality. There are a lot of different issues.” The organizers feel a conference of this calibre must focus on the emerging innovations and forwardthinking leaders of the region, in addition to acting as a meeting place for discourse. “This is an opportunity for people that are in communities from all across the Pacific; from Papua New Guinea, West Papua, Indonesia, Fiji, Micronesia, British Columbia and parts of Canada, to come together and to learn from each other about how to work on these challenges,” said Todd Biderman, the Papua Programme co-ordinator for PPP. “We want to forge relationships and partnerships and raise awareness among people in Canada about what’s really going on in First Nations communities and indigenous communities in the South Pacific.” In partnership with UVic’s Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives (CAPI) and in relation to its theme, the conference will feature keynote speeches from two established South Pacific leaders: Dr. Vilsoni Hereniko, professor of Pacific Studies at the University of the South Pacific in Fiji, will be participating as part of the Albert Hung Lecture series; and Chad Kālepa Baybayan,

a master outrigger canoe navigator in the Micronesian tradition, will give a lecture on deep sea voyaging, exploration and indigenous systems of navigation at sea. Other highlights during the conference include table discussions, moderated panels, a film night presented by UVic’s Rights & Democracy group and an honouring ceremony that will showcase both South Pacific and Coast Salish culture through live music, dance and a ceremonial canoe blessing. “The conference will look at everything from the treatment of HIV/ AIDS within tribal communities to governance and land issues to the use of media for education advocacy,” said Ingham. “There is a way for people all across Canada that have interest in global issues to connect with the work we’re doing in the Pacific and get involved . . . We are the only NGO in Canada [with a focus on the Pacific region] and that means we need people’s support and people to be fully engaged in the work of the PPP.” PPP also plans to celebrate an important milestone at the conference — 35 years of operation. “For our 35th anniversary there has been a whole lot of looking back at the past in appreciation and looking at all the work and projects that we have run throughout the South Pacific,” said Ingham. “35 years we’ve been active. That’s a huge accomplishment. We want to celebrate and bring people together to share, explore and to talk about where things are going in the future.” PPP is optimistic about the future. The conference, expected to have around 600 international delegates, is the organization’s 21st. “The work that we do has meaning: meaning because of the relationships that we have with other organizations, with people in society and with other communities both locally and globally,” said Biderman. “The theme of the conference, Wayfinding, means charting and finding your way forward. That’s what we want to do. We want to be able to continue to chart our way forward like we’ve been doing for the past 35 years.” UVic students are welcome to attend individual sessions free of charge, and community members by donation. Registration for the conference is at $60 per day or $160 for the weekend, which includes food. For more information visit pacificpeoplespartnership.org.

> Mark Worthing Last June, Alberta Provincial Court Judge Ken Tjosvold ruled a $3 million penalty for Syncrude Canada’s negligence that resulted in the death of more than 1,600 ducks. Syncrude was found guilty on both federal and provincial charges for failing to prevent ducks from dying in their Aurora tailings pond in April 2008. Only days after the case was settled, about 230 more ducks landed on Syncrude’s Mildred Lake facility tailings pond. Officials released a statement that similar incidents had happened on Shell and Suncor. “This was a failure by a sophisticated organization that had the resources to do better,” said Provincial Crown attorney Susan McRory. The money will be distributed with $250,000 in provincial fines, $300,000 in federal fines, $250,000 to go towards a new wildlife management program, $1.3 million to the University of Alberta to research and monitor bird deterrents and $900,000 to buy 60 acres of wetlands on North Cooking Lake outside of Edmonton. While the $3 million represents the largest environmental penalty in Alberta’s history, environmental groups insist that it is no more than a symbolic slap on the wrist, considering that any joint venture of several tar sands companies can generate more than $20 million a day in revenue. The move by the Alberta government is not a singular incident, but a growing trend were a price is put on nature. Norway has been inaugurated into a small but growing camp of environmentally inclusive economics. Oslo, using 309 ‘bioindicators,’ is laying claim to the “world’s first official index of nature.” Once implemented, this index would integrate otherwise ‘free’ ecosystem services, such as pollination, carbon storage and biodiversity, among other services that would have otherwise been unacknowledged as economic externalities — not included in economics. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country is now founded solely on the goods and services produced within a country, and is internationally accepted to represent the quality of living in a given country. The problem is, environmental degradation is good

marine photo bank/flickr creative commons

More than 1,600 ducks died as a result of the Aurora tailings pond.

for the economy. So, for example, if a country were to clear-cut boreal forests at a rate faster than sustainable, or fish its cod stocks to near extinction, or have a high cancer rate amongst its population, providing more jobs and services, that country’s GDP would go up. And, temporarily, that would indicate that the standard of living in that country has gone up in correlation. However, with the integration of environmental services, identified by various ‘bioindicators’, new checks and balances are introduced into our economic assessment indexes that remember the fact that our societies, cultures and economies are dependent upon nature. The hope is that destroying the environment will be perceived as synonymous with destroying the economy. A Japanese report released on Oct. 20, supported by the United Nations, identified damage to wetlands and coral reefs at about $2 trillion to $4.5 trillion dollars lost annually in ‘natural capital.’ Norway’s report, The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB), is the result of three years of research comparing 1990, 2000 and 2010 ‘bioinidicators.’ The report warned that nature gone unaccounted for in economics would result in the continued decline of biodiversity and ecosystem ser-

vices, eventually causing economic collapse. Dr. Timothy Parsons, professor emeritus at the University of British Columbia and honorary research scientist at the Institute of Ocean Sciences, building on research done by Roberta Hamme, an assistant professor in the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences at UVic, concluded that the eruption of the Kasatochi volcano in Alaska in 2008 provided the nutrient influx into the marine ecosystem needed for a boom in phytoplankton and eventually the salmon population that we now see streaming up the Fraser River . According to one of the basic tenets of a systems theory discipline for understanding ecology, an ecosystem cannot be understood by the sum of its component parts. There will always be emergent, unpredictable properties. The question many are looking to answer is whether the environment is within economics, or economics is within the environment. While there are some serious qualms with the quantification of nature in economic terms, the steps taken by Norway and Japan to create new indexes for economic integration of environmental factors are a change that is hopefully filled with good intentions towards sustainability and conservation.

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November 4, 2010


Bisphenol A sparks concern of UVic professor > Nathan Lowther The Canadian government became the first to classify Bisphenol A (BPA), one of the most commonly manufactured products in the world, as toxic this past September. This came after studies showed that BPA is present in the systems of more than 90 per cent of Canadians. BPA is a chemical used in the production of polycarbonate plastics (which have a recycling label of 7). Canada banned the use of BPA in baby bottles in 2008, but billions of pounds are still used each year in eye-glass frames, bus shelters and countless other hard, clear plastic products. However, it’s BPA used in food containers, specifically plastic bottles and the inside lining of cans, that’s causing the most concern. “As long as the polycarbonate doesn’t break down, then there isn’t going to be any significant BPA leakage,” explained Reg Mitchell, professor emeritus at UVic who spent 30 years teaching a class on chemicals and society. “But polycarbonate over a period of time does break down and so small amounts of BPA get leaked back into the liquid, whatever it might be: the canned food, the soft drink, the milk.” While BPA has been known to be an endocrine disruptor for years, recent animal tests raise a number of questions regarding its suitability for food packaging. “There is now a mountain of scientific evidence pointing to links between this chemical and prostate cancer, breast cancer and other kinds of serious human disease like type two diabetes,” said Rick Smith,

co-author of the best-selling book Slow Death by Rubber Duck and executive director at environmentaldefence.ca, in a phone interview. Mitchell, however, feels that current levels of concentration can be safely handled by most adults. “I said to my wife, I wouldn’t throw out your polycarbonate [containers],” he said. “Yes, if you break them, they wear out, you lose them, we’ll buy something different next time. But I wouldn’t go out and rush around.” That’s not to say Mitchell sees BPA as a benign substance. “I think Canada did the right thing stopping [its use] for babies. I don’t think you can be too careful with babies,” said Mitchell, adding it’s really dose levels that determine safety. But Smith feels this is backwards thinking. “We’re having this policy argument in exactly the wrong way. Why are we allowing the industry to keep using this chemical in so many products as we’re having this debate about its safety? It’s ridiculous,” he said. “Under our current system, chemicals are deemed safe until somebody proves otherwise.” Still, Smith applauds the Canadian government for “moving early and aggressively” on BPA, and says classifying it as toxic is an important step. “Under our national pollution law, it is the necessary first step of any further government action. So any further bans, regulations, restrictions that the government slaps on this chemical will be much easier now that it is legally designated as toxic,” said Smith, noting that BPA has been designated toxic for both

human and environmental health. Even with the toxic label, banning BPA could involve more than mere political will. The North American Free Trade Agreement’s (NAFTA) Chapter 11 offers American or Mexican firms that produce BPA an appeal process. “[Chapter 11] is an attempt to prevent environmental, labour and other kinds of protective legislation from being used, effectively, as a non-tariff [trade] barrier,” said UVic political science professor James Lawson. “If an environmental [or health] regulation is introduced in such a way that a company that has made a major fixed investment in that jurisdiction will lose potential profits . . . that jurisdiction becomes liable directly to that company for that loss of profit.” This appeal process has been used multiple times since NAFTA was ratified in 1993. One notable example was when the American firm Metalclad sued local governments in Mexico for stalling on granting Metalclad the permits needed to build a hazardous waste facility. “This is a piece of trade regulation, and it is explicitly designed to protect trade,” said Lawson. “And the presumption is that other matters on the table are secondary to the value of trade.” Smith, however, is optimistic. “I’ve no doubt that with the available science, the writing is on the wall for this chemical. Within a couple of years we’re going to see this chemical gone from any food or beverage situation.” According to Mitchell, alternatives for BPA already exist. For example, ketchup bottles are made from

sol kauffman

Many clear plastic products contain Bisphenol A, a toxic chemical.

polypropylene, which isn’t as clear as BPA but doesn’t leach. The tricky part is lining food cans. “It just turns out that the polycarbonate sticks or glues itself to the can quite well. While you can line cans with other materials, many of the substitutes don’t stick as well,” said Mitchell. He suggested BPA’s relatively low toxicity has prolonged the debate. “Something that is highly toxic is really easy to deal with because it

bumps people off,” Mitchell said. “But for chemicals that have a low level of toxicity . . . they’re much more difficult to make more concrete statements about.” But that isn’t stopping Smith. “Given that there are cost-effective alternatives available to BPA right now, why are we having this discussion? If there is any possibility this thing is harmful, and there is a ton of evidence that it is, let’s get it off the market right away.”

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Editorial

Hold on to your weapons

things we SHOULD actually abandon in a forest

We’ve all done it before. Lost something, that is. We’ve all lost our car keys, the TV remote. Who among us hasn’t lost an important phone number, rocket launcher or black sock before? Wait a minute. Rocket launcher? Who has ever lost a rocket launcher? Well, Islanders who follow local happenings were thinking just that last week when news broke that a tree pruner discovered a rocket launcher near Shawnigan Lake on Oct. 28. The RCMP file on the incident reads like a script full of unlikely weaponry-related coincidences. Jerry Bruckheimer would salivate over this. We’re talking giant globs of spittle, not a discreet little dribble. The report states that one of the RCMP officers just happened to be a Canadian Forces veteran who had served two tours of duty in Afghanistan, and it was he who identified the weapon. It was a shoulder-fired, disposable rocket launcher with an effective range of 220 metres. And — oh, yeah: it was loaded. In a script version, this scene would scintillate. “Oh, hey guys, I think this is an M-72 self-propelled rocket launcher. And look! It’s still got one live rocket grenade in the tube!” At this point, Nicholas Cage could come careening through the forest with some muscle-bound baddies on his trail. The RCMP officers (who all look like they could be parttime models) are faced with a quandary: do they return the rocket launcher to its rightful owner, or help Nick fend off the rare-artifactstealing villains by firing that one live rocket with startling accuracy— in spite of their limited training with the weapon — into the villain’s hovercraft? But this isn’t a script. It flashed across our television screens not as a movie, but as our 6 p.m. news. And because the Nicholas Cage quandary doesn’t actually exist, the RCMP just need to find the rightful owner and ask the question that’s on all of our minds: WTF? (Or whatever the acceptable bureaucratic lingo is for that question.) Had the rocket launcher been found near an airport, the story likely would not have aroused any comical responses, ironic quips or alternative endings involving Nicholas Cage. Imagine the hell that would have erupted if the abandoned rocket launcher had been found in Vancouver during the Olympics? Or in a church in Ireland? Or in Times Square in New York? Truth is, for all of the absurdity of a rocket launcher on Vancouver Island, this is no laughing matter. Rocket launchers serve only one purpose: destruction. The fact that it was moss-covered does not mean it was innocuous. The fact it was stumbled upon doesn’t mean it wasn’t left there for some specific or sinister purpose. As of press time, the Canadian Forces base in Esquimalt has been evasive about the possibility that the launcher might be one of theirs. Lt.-Cmdr. Nathalie Garcia from Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt has conceded, “We have similar launchers in our inventory.” So how long does it take to nip out to the storage shed and see if all that inventory is there? How is it that, almost a week after the fact, the base has yet to give any further statement? Would we sit back and say, “In your own time, dear soldiers,” if that launcher had been found a few kilometres closer to our homes? What if someone unearthed it here on campus? Accountability has nothing to do with proximity. What’s got to be launched is a real investigation that yields real answers.

Editorial topics are decided on by staff at our weekly editorial meeting at 2 p.m. every Friday in the Martlet office (SUB B011). Editorials are written by one or more staff members and are not necessarily the opinion of all staff members. 8 OPINIONS

Glen O’Neill

letters Time for change 1988. Wayne Gretzky was traded to the Los Angeles Kings. The Winter Olympics were held in Calgary. Microsoft released Windows 2.1. The UVic Students’ Society (UVSS) got its last operation fund increase. It has been 22 years since the UVSS last received an increase in its funding. This gap in funding has seriously hampered our ability to offer services to students. Our events are threatened by a shrinking budget. Campaigns are getting smaller, and simply paying to keep the building open late during exams is no longer possible. On Nov. 3, 4 and 5 we are asking students to vote to fix these problems. There are four questions related to the UVSS and we ask that you support them all. The first question asks for 50 cents to put on great events. The second asks for 90 cents for fair elections. The third does not cost students a penny, but asks to reallocate fees from one fund to another. The fourth question asks for a 40 cent increase per semester each semester for the next three years. We are asking for these fees because the UVSS as we know it is in trouble. We have cut costs year after year, but there is nothing left to cut. On Nov. 3, 4 and 5 bring a little change to the UVSS and vote yes. James Coccola UVSS chairperson

The core issue As I left the “Echoes of the Holo-

caust” presentation I was, more than anything else, grateful that the presentation had taken place. The level of attendance and the intensity of the question and answer period revealed, in my view, that abortion is a live issue on our campus — one that is far from settled, and deserving of further debate. The debate focuses on one core issue: the nature of the unborn. If the unborn are not human beings, there is no need for further discussion. If the unborn are human beings, however, then Canada — and any state that sanctions abortion — has facilitated a massive loss of life. The distance between these two conclusions — based solely on how one characterizes the unborn — is tremendous. As Jojo Ruba explained, to compare abortion to the Holocaust is callous, to put it mildly, if the unborn are not human beings. If the unborn are human beings, however, there are plausible — albeit unpleasant — conclusions that follow which arguably place abortion in the realm of genocidal acts. The debate over the nature of the unborn is undoubtedly controversial, but the discussion must nevertheless persist. The stakes are too high to do otherwise. Brian Bird UVic student

Meaning behind music Re: “Thank you for the (mediocre) music,” Oct. 14 Music is ever present, and as a form of media you can choose

whether or not to analyze it. Like a movie, you can enjoy music on a basic level: it made me happy, it made me sad. If someone wants to find out “why,” the hardest and most important of the five Ws, and explore the richness of the human experience, they shouldn’t be dismissed as Linus the Swede was in this opinion piece. Just because the author doesn’t “understand people who listen to their iPods on the bus” and thinks “music belongs in the background” doesn’t mean it should. Doesn’t the image of people dancing to North American Top 40 in Laos make you pause for just a second? Although not stated, I’m sure that Linus noticed this example of cultural imperialism. The author’s tacit celebration of said imperialism shows that more than the music warrants a closer examination. Bryan Linge UVic student Letters continued on p. 11

Happy? Sad? Enraged? Tell us: letters@martlet.ca The Martlet has an open letters policy and will endeavour to print every letter received from the university community. Letters must be submitted by email, include your real name and affiliation to UVic, and have “Letter to the editor” in the subject line. Letters must be under 200 words and may be edited. November 4, 2010


Volume 63, Issue 13

The Martlet Editor-in-Chief Gemma Karstens-Smith Managing Editor Kristi Sipes Production Co-ordinator Marc Junker Advertising Director Bryce Finley News Editor Kailey Willetts Opinions Editor Vanessa Annand Features Editor Jason Motz

glen o’neill

Culture Editor Brad Michelson

Information overload affects empathy

Sports Editor Max Sussman

> David Geselbracht

Junior Designer Glen O’Neill Photo Editor Sol Kauffman Staff Photographer Megan Kamocki Staff Writers Nathan Lowther Mark Worthing Distribution Co-ordinator Jon-Paul Zacharias Distribution Michael Miller Anthony Petroutsas Web Editor Adam Bard Copy Editor Jon-Paul Zacharias Staff Stuart Armstrong, Graham Briggs, Alex Gilroy, Karolina Karas, Will Johnson, Angela McCleery, Anton North, Kate Shepherd, Cody Willett Contributors Jillayna Adamson, Elana Dublanko, Kat Eschner, David Geselbracht, Marcel “Felix” Giannelina, Denver Jackson, Ivan Marko, Liz McArthur, Patrick Murry, Candace O’Neill, Kayla Pepper, Kadie Smith, Kat Smithson, Leana Temoana, Alain Williams Cover Illustration Glen O’Neill The Martlet Publishing Society is an incorporated B.C. society and a full member of Canadian University Press (CUP). We strive to act as an agent of constructive social change and we will not print racist, sexist, homophobic or otherwise oppressive copy. Martlet (SUB B 011) P.O. Box 3035 University of Victoria Victoria, B.C. V8W 3P3 martlet.ca Newsroom: Editor: Business: Advertising: Fax:

250.721.8360 250.853.3206 250.721.8361 250.721.8359 250.472.4556

November 4, 2010

This April, a man in the Queens District of New York City was stabbed several times in the chest and killed. Hugo Alfredo Tale-Yax had stepped in when he saw a woman on the sidewalk being assaulted by man. After the intervention and subsequent stabbing, he collapsed on the sidewalk. Tale-Yax was still alive for almost an hour until his death. In that time, 25 people walked by his body without offering help. What’s worse, a few individuals took pictures of him with their cellphones and then continued on their way. One man came out of a nearby building, hovered over Tale-Yax to take a picture with his cellphone, and kept walking. The story of Tale-Yax eerily harkens to a similar incident in the mid ’60s where Kitty Genovese was assaulted and stabbed for over half an hour while neighbours within earshot failed to act. This famous incident also took place in Queens. The Kitty Genovese story was studied extensively and eventually was described as the “bystander effect,” or “Genovese Syndrome.” The bystander effect occurs when people fail to offer help during emergency situations. People’s likelihood of helping is affected by the number of witnesses present; as the number of witnesses increases, the likelihood of someone helping decreases. This happens because individuals will defer

responsibility to other people who they think will help. The bystander effect is alarming, but one can understand it. A man standing over someone who is dying and taking a picture with his cellphone is a bit harder to swallow, and, I believe, raises more questions. This bystander acknowledged the dying Tale-Yax and then captured the death in his phone’s digital archive. One must presume he was planning to look at the picture later. These are a series of very conscious decisions. Not once did he think, as a normally functioning empathic human would (that is, as a human with the capacity to share in the sadness or happiness of another human being), to see if Tale-Yax needed help. In trying to understand the bystander effect, the psychologist Stanley Milgram stated that the actions of the bystanders were caused by “information overload.” This occurs when people shut out excess stimuli in order to focus on what they believe are more important stimuli. We do this every day in choosing not to react to every sight or sound we come across. As the level of stimuli increases, humans have a harder time judging which ones are important or not. With the advent of the Internet, cellphones, iPods and Facebook, information overload has become a more glaring problem. Are we overwhelmed with information? When a girl in Pitt Meadows is gang-raped and pictures of

the assault are distributed through the Internet, do we just shake our heads in disgust, or do we spark an urgent public discourse asking ourselves whether, as a society, we approve of the current state of our technological progress? A study conducted this year by University of Michigan researchers has shown that college students today are 40 per cent less empathic than their counterparts in the ’80s and ’90s. Today’s students are less likely to agree with statements such as, “I sometimes try to understand my friends better by imagining how things look from their perspective.” The researchers went on to say that the current generation’s contact with media could be affecting their empathic functions. Americans today are exposed to three times the amount of network

related information that they were 30 years ago. As communication trends edge towards greater amounts of online networking and texting, people are not getting the human-tohuman social practice they would be getting if these technologies didn’t exist. The story of Tale-Yax should shock us. Teachers: keep answering students’ phones and embarrassing the hell out of them. Parents: regulate your children’s use of computers, cellphones and iPods. These communication devices are here to stay, but moderation is key. Let’s acknowledge the impact that cellphones and Facebook have on our lives and recognize we can only take in so much information in one day. Let’s start focusing on more important interactions, as well as raising questions about the impact all this technology is having on us.

Teachers: keep answering students’ phones and embarrassing the hell out of them

Burka ban: oppression in disguise > Kat Smithson The French government views the burka, as well as many citizens, as a threat to both women’s rights and the secular nature of the country. On Sept. 14, the French senate passed a bill which would make it a fineable offence for a woman to wear the burka in public. France is not the only country to consider banning the burka, but I personally think it would be wrong for Canada to pass or consider a similar law for a couple of reasons. Canada, unlike France, has a policy of multiculturalism. France expects people to identify as French before anything else, and tries to assimilate their immigrant population as much as possible. France views itself as a secular country

and, as such, tries to separate religion from any and all aspects of public life. Canada, however, does not expect immigrant populations to completely assimilate. We allow immigrants and minority groups to maintain and practise their cultural and religious beliefs as long as they do not break any laws. Although some people find it unnerving to see a woman covered from head to toe in black cloth, I do not think banning the burka and then fining or punishing women who wear it would do much to help women’s rights. The French government is oppressing women by limiting their ability to express themselves. Some might argue that precedent for banning the burka exists. We already have laws restricting what

people can wear — for example, you have to wear a helmet while riding a bike. This argument is flawed, however. People have to wear helmets for safety reasons. There is no threat to public safety or the safety of the woman who chooses to wear a burka. There are certain circumstances in which wearing a burka should not be allowed, particularly when it is necessary to see a person’s face at a bank, while voting or when having a picture taken for a driver’s license or passport photo. But at other times, it shouldn’t matter whether or not a woman wears a burka. Some people assume that women who wear a burka have been coerced by their husbands, fathers or other relatives. This assumption is not only incorrect but culturally

insensitive as well. Many women choose to wear the burka as a way to express their faith and as a part of their identity. Even in situations where women wear a burka due to family pressures, a state ban preventing women from wearing the burka does nothing to liberate women from this familial and cultural pressure and dominance. Why would someone who insists their wife, daughter, or sister not go outside unless she is fully covered reverse their beliefs and allow her to go out uncovered just because the law has changed? This presumption is unrealistic, and I think such a ban could cause women to be increasingly oppressed, either by the state or by their family, rather than more liberated.

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Y Engage

Growing up green Volume 63, Issue 4

Eco movement germinates in Internet’s fertile soil > Cody Willett

can build a movement that frees us from oppression, focuses our intellectual energy and amuses us Responsibility. Sustainability. while we plot ways to change our Democracy. These words might worlds. bore you; I may have just lost I respect that World of Warcraft your interest. You might think to and Second Life offer us virtual yourself, “Other people take care worlds, but we can’t forget that of those sorts of things.” But maybe what’s outside is more important you read those words and feel a than anything we can only get flush of passion. I’d like to think it’s through the screen. The Internet the latter. can be with us anywhere, but it’s We’re in class, at work, out minnothing if we don’t have shimgling, filling our heads with words, mering green leaves, rich brown ideas and information that will get soil, clear blue skies and oceans us somewhere. That somewhere and everything in between to will be very different for everyone, enjoy. because we’re so numerous and It’s encouraging to see the Interspecialized in our skill sets that net used to organize huge turnout our perspectives on the world are at events like John Stewart and Stejust as innumerable. In fact, there phen Colbert’s Rally to Restore are so many perspectives that Sanity and/or Fear, and sometimes it feels like it Canadians Advocating doesn’t matter what Political Participayou think. Visit tion’s (CAPP) crossTake the Intercountry demonnet. This tool is strations in protest relatively new and to read all of Cody of Harper repeatchanges our lives edly padlocking — changes us — Willett’s Y Engage parliament. every day. It gives columns. The website 350. you both the oppororg did an amazing tunity to tell everyone job of organizing last else what you think and year’s International Day the crushing feeling that of Climate Action and this year’s a billion other people drown you 10/10/10 Global Work Party, but out. And we’re connected to it. For many people it’s like a drug. Studies we’re going to have to combine the yearly worldwide party with a daily have shown that human beings go project of creating change in our through significant withdrawal-like small corner of the world. symptoms after mere hours of losThe eco movement has to propel ing connectivity. that next revolution. We’ve got to That’s powerful. I’m not just get focus back on arresting climate talking about power in the sense change. One non-profit site that of how much the economy relies aims to help people find their niche on it or how much electricity it in the movement is Integreen.ca. takes to run the damn thing. I’m Developed by Victoria activists, talking about the social conseIntegreen acts as a hub for networkquences and significance of it. It’s ing, collaborative action, jobs and a network that brings us together volunteer opportunities, as well (or drives us apart, depending as a database of green events and on your perspective) in the ways organizations trying to reshape our that we choose. We can choose community. to share porn or feelings or both. Whether or not you need a webWe can use it to meet new people site to help you focus your idealism, or fact-find on whatever inflames at our disposal are all the words, our passion. ideas and information we need to The Internet has space enough that some of us can wade into just build a way of life that’s responsible, sustainable and democratic. a small corner and create, while You’re just one person, but we’re all others reach across oceans and linked up in this thing together for share. It’s where we’ll organize better or for worse. the next revolution. Here we

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glen o’neill

Yes, I’m talkin’ ’bout my (technological) generation > Kadie Smith “Do you remember when the Internet first came out?” It was a simple question, but Emily looked up from her standard position on my floor with a confused look. We were doing our usual Thursday night Grey’s Anatomyand-tea routine. Emily didn’t remember. This began a discussion about something that I’ve been thinking about for a while: technology and its effect on our generational divide. Emily and I are only five years apart — she’s 20 and I’m 25 — but in terms of culturally relevant events, I might as well be 20 years her senior. I remember when we had no Internet, when Apple computers were the size of an entertainment unit with a screen the size of, well, an apple. I didn’t have a cellphone until after high school. When I did, it was one of the old, giant Nokia ones with the analog screen and the “cool” ringtones. Not tunes, tones. They had names like “samba” and “xylophone.”And texting? I just started three years ago. The computer age did not shape my childhood or my adolescence. It did shape the childhoods of Emily and my cousin Cameron, who is only three years younger than me, and who I go to for all of my computer needs. He always starts by asking me if I have “defragmented my hard drive.” I always respond by Letters continued from p. 8

Feminism should include men Re: “Taking back the F word,” Oct. 28 I was happy to see a cover about feminism. I know the definition of feminism, but I did not see it in the article. The word refers to the belief in equal rights for men and women. Maybe if this was clarified, fewer people would be confused as to what feminism is about. As for women being uncomfortable with the feminism label because they think it will make the men in their lives uncomfortable, I advise them to fill those men in on what the definition is. The men will agree with feminism unless they don’t believe in equal rights for women. Women do not need to be divided on the topic of whether or not they deserve equal rights with men. I think most of us have already decided that equal rights is the only thing that makes sense. Education is the answer, not fear. There are a few men out there trying to demonize feminism because

telling him I have no idea what that means. I’ve heard of a hard drive; I know it stores your information, but where it is, and how to “defragment” it? Damned if I know. I didn’t grow up on computer games and chat rooms. I grew up with the original Nintendo, Super Mario 3 and Duck Hunt. Emily and Cameron grew up with Playstation and Playstation 2. I don’t even know how to work the buttons on those things. I remember computer classes filled with typing exercises and Corel Paint — antiquated concepts to them. I wasn’t part of the MSN army. I didn’t get it, but talk to those a few years younger and they will regale you with tales of Friday nights in middle school spent “talking” online with friends, each little chat window alive with the flickering light and the familiar bloo-doobloop letting you know someone wanted to “chat.” I remember when the Internet came out. We marched down to our third grade computer classroom. I remember thinking, “I don’t understand what the big deal is,” as I waited for what felt like eons for the little stars and moon to stop rotating over the Netscape “N.” Emily and Cameron only remember the Internet as always being there and computers as always being a staple of any household. For them it was weird to not have a computer; for me, it was a huge

deal to have one. You were the cool kid if you had one, and even cooler if you had this new thing called the Internet with the screeching dialup connections. “Don’t you remember not being able to use the phone because someone was on the internet, Em?” Again, she did not. Generationally speaking, the three of us (Cameron, Emily and I) belong to what is called Generation Y, but culturally I feel worlds apart from those who are really only a fly’s-age away from me. What struck me the most about my conversation with Emily, was the idea that the advancement of technology has created a stronger division among age groups. The computer age is the fastest-adopted advancement in recent history, and each new step forward begets its own separate group associated with it. There’s no longer a definable Baby-Boomer or Gen-Xer type of a broad cultural identity defining a generation. In only two decades, we have gone from minimal computer ownership to an it’s-weird-if-youdon’t-have-an-iPhone era. It makes me wonder how my age group — I don’t even know if I can use the word “our” — will be defined by history. Can generations be delineated by age group anymore? I think the rapid advancement of technology is re-creating the way we define generations, and we are only beginning to see how this will affect us long-term.

they simply do not like women. We can’t let those people define what feminism is and divide women; that would be ludicrous.

the field the article considers and seek comment from them. Ten years ago, I landed a field job on a salmon farm. On my first day, I had complete change in perspective. I was thoroughly impressed with the sophisticated, professionally run farms with stringent biosecurity and environmental, infrastructure, health and safety parameters. My colleagues and I are a global, passionate and diverse group of people raising high-quality, nutritious protein. They take great care of the salmon they raise and the environment. I welcome Mr. Worthing and others interested in salmon farming to visit one of our farms and see firsthand what we do. If you are visiting the Campbell River area, I would be happy to arrange a site visit for you and/ or your colleagues. The B.C. Salmon Farmers Association (salmonfarmers. org) also offers salmon farm tours throughout the summer.

Devon Cathleen UVic student

The full salmon story Re: “Tracking the Wild Pacific Salmon,” Oct. 14 As a UVic alumnae who has worked with the salmon farming industry since 1999, it’s disappointing to read the one-sided and uninformed perspectives in this article. One of the many lifelong skills gained during my undergraduate years at UVic was the ability to think critically and look at both sides. Don Staniford is a well-known paid protestor, who was previously charged with defamation. Alexandra Morton is also a well-known paid protestor. It is disappointing that only their perspectives were considered for this article. Perhaps in the future the Martlet could try and find UVic alumni who work in

Karin Maier Community member

OPINIONS 11


L

uke Carmichael still drives the car he bought for $500 while he was living in the woods near Jordan River, trying to cope with debilitating nightmares and other symptoms of undiagnosed Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTS). He spent 10 years living in a remote part of the woods — about 30 minutes by foot from Jordan River — in a tent, a shack, and for those last two years in the woods, a trailer that was given to him. Carmichael put in for his release from the Airborne Regiment in 1978; he was 10 months away from being eligible for a pension. He says he didn’t know excatly why he wanted to leave the forces at the time, but felt like something was wrong. He went on to start a successful second career in the automotive business in Halifax before he was hit again with the illness that was haunting him. “I flaked out one day and ended up in the hospital. They told me I’d have to take a long rest and not work anymore, just relax, but they didn’t tell me what was wrong with me because they didn’t know,” Carmichael said. “In those days no one knew about PTS, which is post-traumatic stress, and that’s what I had. It was bothering me something awful. I had extreme nightmares and I still have them where I wake up and I’m sweating, kicking, and [have] shortness of breath.”

Nightmares and High Tide “The same nightmare hits me all the time. I was in a small war in Cyprus for six months and this body that I saw lying in the sand was blown up from all the heat. It was there for a couple weeks on my patrol route and this was what initially really broke it out for me over the years. I couldn’t stand to be around people.” Carmichael first went to Edmonton, and then the Victoria area where he slept just below Dallas Road for a time before heading out to Jordan River in search of tranquility as he tried to cope with an illness he didn’t understand. He lived in a shack he built with his own hands, but vandals eventually destroyed it. He would hitchhike from Jordan River to Sooke in order to take the bus to Victoria once a month to buy groceries, and recalls that going in and out of the area where he had set up his camp was tricky. “It was a rough walk and I had to worry about the tides,” Carmichael said. “If it was high tide I couldn’t get in or out, there was no back route . . . It was pretty cold in winter times staying in the tent . . . I got through it all right because I was well trained for living [like that] from the Forces. [As] paratroopers, we were probably the best-trained in Canada for living in the woods, especially living on what you could put together yourself. The only thing I really had a need for out there was groceries and wood to burn.” less veterans. He accepted. “I said I’m really tired from being out in the woods for 10 years, it’s cold in the

12 FEATURE

wintertime out there — it’s a rainforest, so I said ‘I’ll give it a try’ and about three days later I was in Cockrell House with a beautiful room and groceries and everything I wanted.”

The Invisible Population Dave Sinclair is the president of the B.C./Yukon Command of the Royal Canadian Legion, which provides the funding for Cockrell House, a building donated to the organization that provides food and housing for homeless veterans and connects them with services they are eligible for through the Veterans Association. He says finding homeless veterans is mostly a word-of-mouth process, and believes the Legion is filling a gap created when members of the Armed Forces fail to transition successfully back to civilian life. Sinclair says when workers identify homeless veterans they ask, “How did they get that way?” “One of the things coming back time and time again is that they’ve had some kind of transition problem when they left the service,” said Sinclair. “They’re not getting the proper counseling when they transition to civilian life and they’re not getting the treatment they really need. It’s obvious; I mean if they’re in these conditions, they didn’t get that help.” He is also critical of the federal government’s ability to identify and support those very people. on the streets. Our own methods have shown us . . . in our homeless shelter right now in Langford there [are] none in there — we’ve identified forty or more in this area alone,” said Sinclair. Currently the Legion funds three transition programs in B.C. They also recently endowed the University of British Columbia with $1,375,000 for a Transition Unity research chair. Sinclair says the money will train additional psychiatrists to treat veterans with illnesses such as PTS. third [chair] is important — because we wanted to get all our trained psychologists in place before all our troops come home next year.” Sinclair adds that some of that money will go to Dr. Tim Black at UVic. Black is a registered psychologist who is involved in introducing the participants of Cockrell House to the guidelines, rules and culture of the House. “It’s not a formal assessment procedure where I’m screening them to make sure they’re OK. There is a screening interview and I make sure they’ve understood and been through [that] interview,” said Black. “I talk to them about what we’re trying to accomplish at Cockrell House and how their role really is to ensure that Cockrell House carries on by being really good tenants,” said Black. Black will conduct the evaluation of the pilot program at the House with his colleague Dr. Sue Tasker; they are currently in the planning phase of the evaluation.

November 4, 2010


He says right now the House serves as a two-year springboard for those who need the time to find help for anything from addiction or illness, employment, benefits or stable housing. As far as veterans fitting into the larger picture of homelessness in Canada, Black “[Veterans are] a subculture of mainstream Canadian society anyway, and it would be a further subculture of the homeless population we have in [Victoria] . . . it’s been my experience that people who have served in the military do fundamenmilitary. Part and parcel of that is how they’re trained to become military people and the process they go through; there’s sort of a stripping away individual identity to build you up as a military person and that never goes away.” Displacement is a key issue veterans face as they transition from military service to civilian life. “Civilians don’t really get it,” Black said, “so it’s kind of this invisible population of people wandering around feeling like they don’t belong.” For civilians, comprehending the stresses that a soldier faces in a war zone or a region of conflict can be impossible to relate to. “If (the veteran has) lived or worked in war zones,” Black says, “there’s that added piece of — for lack of a better term — representing Canada on the national stage and serving their country in these foreign countries, witnessing devastation, being shot at or people trying to blow them up or cleaning up after ethnic cleansing . . . and then coming home and no one really caring that they served their country and having to deal with the memories and the trauma.” Black adds that he doesn’t do formal assessments of the men at Cockrell House and can’t personally speak for the experiences of the men there.

What’s a war? Sinclair went through a transition program when he came back from fighting in Korea and sees parallels between his own experience and that of the veterans who will be returning next year from Afghanistan. He has spoken with young vets who have already returned from Afghanistan and says they feel like they aren’t seen as veterans of war. He says they are told to say they fought in a ‘conflict,’ not a war. “You know what, when I came back from Korea, the same thing happened to us: it was just a conflict. 596 people died in Korea; to me that’s a war,” Sinclair said. “We went through the same thing that these kids went through in Afghanistan and the country hasn’t learned. We’ve got to listen to their needs more and see how we can help.” Carmichael agrees there is a problem of veterans failing to adapt to life outside of the military. “Initially we had no support coming out of the forces. No one even tried to stop me a bang-up job but no one came to me . . . Things have changed since then. Nowadays

November 4, 2010

they have all kinds of paraphernalia on PTS and other diseases and they have doctors who are knowledgeable with all these things,” Carmichael said. “PTS is the big one.”

Making a Successful Transition Black recently published a paper on transition in the Canadian Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy. The Legion website hosted a survey Black wrote for veterans across Canada. One of the questions he asked was “Do you feel you made a successful transition?” He says a large number of respondents said they didn’t. “This homeless thing is clearly one of those issues, if you’re leaving the military and you’re not able to find work and you find yourself on the street, I don’t know many people that would classify that as a successful transition from the military,” Black said. “Not everybody struggles with transition, some people do fine.” Black says another interesting result of his research was the large percentage of veterans who said if Canadian civilians understood more about the military way of life, it would have made their own transitions easier. The next year will see a new group of military veterans return to Canada as the country pulls its troops out of Afghanistan. Black says facilities like Cockrell House are instrumental in helping connect those in need with services that can support them, especially in a changing environment for returning troops. istry for very old veterans from the world wars. They became very good at serving those veterans with their needs. I think they’re doing a better job now, but they’ve struggled in recent years with modern day veterans. They’re young guys who aren’t married, or maybe they are married with a young family and unemployed and have no prospects,” Black said. Sinclair is adamant that the public’s perception of who a veteran is and what a veteran should look like must change. For many people, seeing men and women as young as 21 as a veteran of any“They’re not the typical veterans that people expect to see like old people with grey hair, but these men and women are veterans — they just don’t look like it to the normal person on the street,” Sinclair said. So far Cockrell House is a success story. One of the residents will leave the House this winter and head to Royal Roads University to complete a master’s degree. Carmichael says he is healing a little more everyday and is proud of his continuing involvement with the house. “It’s a well-run organization,” he said. “I’m working with them now as opposed to before when they were helping me. I still get a little bit of help from the psychiatrist, but I work with them now to help the new people going through the transition there.”

FEATURE 13


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Canadian music icon shares his adventures > Kayla Pepper Grant Lawrence is adding yet another line to his already impressive resumé. The Canadian music journalist, CBC Radio icon, and lead singer of The Smugglers, is touring Canada promoting his first book, Adventures in Solitude: What Not to Wear to a Nude Potluck and Other stories from Desolation Sound (Harbour Publishing). After starting the non-fiction, West Coast adventure memoir in 2006, Adventures in Solitude reached number one on the B.C. Bestsellers List last week. “The Smugglers put out a lot of records and toured all over the place but I don’t think we were ever on a sales chart of any kind,” said Lawrence. “To see my book on the sales chart, it was shocking.” Lawrence’s often humorous compilation of anecdotes ranges from the horrors of being a clothed child at a nude potlock to being introduced to rock and roll by an Island hermit. The book is packed with retrospection, emotional honesty, West Coast history and Canadian indie rock references. “I thought [The Smugglers’] tour diaries would be the book but I realized I live music so much and it was

such a big part of my life that I was kind of a little sick of it.” Lawrence said his interest was stoked by places that he visited on the weekends, such as Desolation Sound. “I always thought the themes [in the book] were universal. Anyone who’s experienced any kind of cabin or cottage lifestyle could relate to it. Or anyone who’s been forced to go anywhere with their parents.” From an awkward, knee brace wearing, Indiana Jones fan to the house party throwing front man of a Vancouver indie-punk band, Lawrence braids his coming-of-age story with the tales of locals and European explorers in the aggravating inlets of the Sunshine Coast. “I took artistic chances drawing parallels between me and my dad and the relationship of Captain Vancouver and Captain Cook. Captain Cook was the big strong navigational hero and Captain Vancouver was a scrawny insecure weakling: that’s a big roll of the dice to make that parallel.” Lawrence’s signature CBC Cowichan sweater hung on a chair at the Greater Victoria Public Library on Oct. 28 when he gave a reading, slide show presentation and book signing. The room was cramped with

Provided

Grant Lawrence is one of Canada’s most popular music journalists, and now, authors.

local musicians, friends, fans and even some of his neighbours from Desolation Sound. Attending the presentation was his wife, Canadian singer-songwriter Jill Barber and Victoria’s own Aidan Knight. Both

artists performed songs between animated readings from Lawrence. “What first drew me to Grant was his storytelling ability,” said Barber, who wrote a song dedicated to Desolation Sound. Lawrence took her there on one of their first dates. Although Lawrence said that he came up against a ton of resistance

on every single level of the book, he stuck to his philosophy that there are no rules when it comes to art. “I observe, interpret and spill it back out. That’s basically what I do throughout my life whether it’s writing a song, writing a little story for the radio or writing this long book.”

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business.humber.ca 14 CULTURE

November 4, 2010


Bloggers worldwide celebrate vegan MoFo > Elana Dublanko Everyone knows one. The friend who touts knowledge about the nutritional content of brewer’s yeast; the co-worker who makes dairy-free cupcakes for the office. Vegans are everywhere, and they want to tell you about it. The month of November celebrates all things vegan with the fourth annual Vegan Month of Food. Also wittily known as Vegan MoFo, the event takes place online, where bloggers from all over the world pledge to write about vegan food at least five times a week. The website boasts over 550 bloggers from numerous countries including the U.S., Canada, the U.K., Australia, Belgium, France, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Spain, Poland, Japan, Singapore, the Philippines, Israel, the French West Indies and South Africa. Although the bloggers may come from different locations, they all have one thing in common: a passion for vegan cooking. The worldwide blogging event was created by Kittee Berns and Isa Chandra Moskowitz, a popular vegan cookbook author. After writing Vegan with a Vengeance in 2005, Moskowitz came up with the idea to host an online event where vegan bloggers could share their most delicious vegan recipes. Moskowitz modeled the online event after The National Novel Writing Month, and the first Vegan MoFo in 2006 turned out to be a great success. Ever since, the event has gained increasing popularity, particularly due to Moskowitz’s success with her four additional vegan cookbooks: Vegan Cupcakes Take Over the World, Veganomicon, Vegan Brunch, and Vegan

Cookies Invade Your Cookie Jar. “One of the things I like about MoFo is that almost everyone sets their own goals for the month,” said Moskowitz. “I hope to use the time to write some recipes for a gluten-free vegan zine. Collectively, it is fun to swamp the Internet with amazing vegan food and to build a huge online vegan community.” The collective Vegan MoFo group is also hoping to promote the what they see as being the true definition of veganism since the term is often misunderstood or mistaken as a synonym of vegetarianism. “[We] believe there is only one definition of veganism, which Wikipedia does a good job of wording, ‘Veganism is a philosophy and lifestyle whose adherents seek to exclude the use of animals for food, clothing, or any other purpose. Vegans endeavour not to use or consume animal products of any kind.’ Vegetarians, on the other hand, include animal products in their diet and wardrobe.” Veganism has a special place in Victoria, with the city having numerous restaurants with vegan options. However, most places, such as Green Cuisine, are vegan-friendly but not strictly vegan. UVic’s oncampus dining can also be challenging for vegan students. Vegan MoFo recommends that students should “organize a student group and keep [veganism] active. Regular charity bake sales are an amazing way to get everyone involved, and to show how delicious vegan treats can be.” Students who want simple, appetizing, healthy vegan meals can use a crock pot to make chili, stews or dahl. Rice cookers are also a geat cooking tool. You can use them for other

Megan Kamocki

This simple bean salad is a great example of an inexpensive and easy vegan meal.

grains besides rice, and they often come with timers and can keep your food warm for hours. Other quick, inexpensive ideas include baked tofu, beans, brown rice, whole grain pasta and frozen or fresh veggies. The creators of Vegan MoFo believe that the benefits of veganism go beyond just what one eats. Although it may take a little bit more effort, in their experience, being a vegan is worth it. “The benefits can vary from

person to person; obviously some vegans eat a very healthy diet and others do not,” said the Vegan MoFo group. “It is easy to follow the standard American Diet in a vegan way, which is not healthy.” However, if properly followed, veganism changes one’s whole lifestyle. “[We] think veganism becomes a lifestyle choice, but in [our] opinion, veganism is not based solely on someone’s diet. Because according to the definition, vegans seek to exclude animals from their

clothing and other goods as much as possible.” The recipes posted on the blog range from simple to complex, and some of them call for some interesting ingredients. Nevertheless, the bloggers always rave about how delicious they are. So maybe call up that vegan friend or co-worker of yours and try a vegan recipe or two. You might be so delighted that you could be signing up to blog about veganism for next year’s Vegan MoFo.

Victoria fans get nutty for Ottawa’s The Acorn > Vanessa Annand It’s nomenclaturally and botanically sound that Ottawa-based indie band The Acorn has a big affinity for big trees. Guitarist Jeff DeButte says it’s also age-appropriate. “This is what happens when 30-year-olds go on tour. They go visit redwoods,” he said of the band’s bizarre nighttime drive through California’s redwoods — a drive that brought the band to Victoria for their Oct. 20 show at Lucky Bar, the fifth stop on their tour. The trees, along with the many tacos they’ve consumed and the Cessna that was rumoured to contain Justin Bieber, have been among the most interesting sights so far. It’s not that the silent surrounds of a forest are anything new to The Acorn (although near-brushes with the Biebs might be a novelty). For their latest album, No Ghost, the band retreated to Lac Charon Cottage in Bouchette, Que. A panoramic shot of the lake’s still waters and stoic foliage covers one side of the album’s liner notes, and rightly so: this is where the band drowned out whatever ghosts and expectations lingered from their previous album, Glory Hope Mountain, and where they submerged themselves in writing and recording No Ghost for 20 days. “It’s not as ornate as Glory Hope Mountain,” said band frontman Rolf Klausener, “but I think that was part of the joy of committing to these spontaneous moments.” Two and a half years in the making, Glory Hope Mountain was

November 4, 2010

Sol K auffman

“We’re pretty geeky,” says Acorn’s Jeff DeButte. They love trees. And woven rush textiles.

almost rococo in its curlicues of narrative and flourishes of Garifuna rhythms. No Ghost is a less imposing, but no less impressive, edifice of an album. It’s pared down, single-room cabin basic on tracks like “Misplaced,” which Klausener says was born from his two improvised guitar chords and drummer Pat Johnson’s “meditative, spacious drum beat.” And it’s built up, skyrise-high on “Crossed Wires,” DeButte’s contribution that shoulders the theme of crushing debt and economic collapse (it bears up largely thanks to

Johnson’s artful rhythms). Onstage, the band is even more emphatically percussive than in its recordings. Two drummers hammer home the existential “this is how you pass the time away” lyrics of “Kindling to Cremation.” An animal skull perches on one of the drum kits but comes off more kitsch than macabre thanks to the band’s stage set: faux wood panels sporting cross stitched scenes of birds, flowers and the elderly. Squat living room lamps huddle at the edge of the stage. No Ghosts is the closer in a trilogy of albums that began with The Pink

Ghosts in 2004. The Pink Ghosts amused itself with Klausener’s reflections on the Ottawa Valley. It played with borrowed sounds (including a friend’s drunken voicemail). But No Ghosts isn’t at play: it’s baring its teeth. The first single, “Restoration,” began as “a reflection on us taking a break,” said Klausener, then “morphed into a treatise on fallen leaders.” In the lyrics to “Cobbled from Dust,” legs are bitten off and gloves dropped for fighting. That’s not to say No Ghosts was born of aggression. It was the prod-

uct of “aquatic and gastronomic research” says Klausener. Swims in Lac Charon and home-cooked (or rather, holiday cabin-cooked) meals replaced the hours of archival research that went into Glory Hope Mountain (which was based on achingly tender biographical vignettes from Klausener’s mother’s life). Songs came “out of the ether” says Klausener. In spite of these lazy hazy days of summer songwriting, the band has no lingering illusions of a life of ease. “The odds are so astronomically stacked against any band to ‘make it,’” says DeButte, especially when the albums are “growers” that “don’t necessarily grab one on the first listen.” But these albums are gems, and it’s cartographically sound to say that Glory Hope Mountain was “surely not the only treasure on a map too large to measure” (from “Plates and Saucers”). No Ghosts has the same clarity of collective vision that Klausener brings to his reflections on the West Coast. “Every time I’m here, I get a real sense of how the continental plates collided, how sharp the Rockies are. I see the paths people carved out,” said Klausener. The band are now carving their own path through Europe — on Nov. 4, The Acorn are at La Cigale in Paris, France. It’s DeButte’s favourite venue because of the rapt audiences. “They really go out to see music there,” he said. But here, as Klausener points out again at the end of the interview, “The trees are huge!”

CULTURE 15


RAA captures small-town nostalgia on big stage > Gemma Karstens-Smith

Now, after being cooped up recording for the past while, Edenloff, Banwatt and Cole are excited to be back on the open road. They’ll hit the stage at Sugar Nightclub on Nov. 5. “We definitely want to test a lot of [the new songs] out on the road,” said Edenloff in a phone interview from Toronto on a Sunday afternoon, where he was preparing for the cross-country trek. The reception RAA received from their Victoria fans last winter was warm and the band is eagerly anticipating their return to the Island. “It was amazing the sort of turnout we had there,” said Edenloff. “It was pretty awesome, so we’re excited to be back.” There are some other exciting shows ahead for RAA. At the end of November, they’re heading to Europe for a tour. “Last time we went . . . it seemed like everything that could have gone wrong, went wrong,” said Edenloff. “So we’re hoping we do it a little bit better this time.” Though the band’s excited for shows in France, Germany and Spain, among other countries, Edenloff is a little bit nervous about the language barrier. “It’s a little difficult sometimes, because I’m not bilingual in any sense. So relating to people is sometimes hampered. I’m awkward enough in English, so when I don’t speak the language, I’m incredibly awkward.” Edenloff is also excited to play some Alberta gigs, as he grew up in Edmonton and Fort McMurray. “I definitely have fond memories growing up there . . . I still have ties to back home,” he said. “I realized after coming out here

WHAT: The Rural Alberta Advantage with Pepper Rabbit and Imaginary Cities WHEN: Friday, Nov. 5, 9 p.m. WHERE: Sugar Nightclub HOW MUCH: $15 in advance; tickets available at Lyle’s Place, Ditch Records and Ticketweb.com Nils Edenloff always knew music would play a role in his life, whether it was playing acoustic guitar in his bedroom or entertaining a packed club full of sweaty fans dancing and singing along to his songs. “Music’s definitely been a part of my life since I was a kid,” said Edenloff. “[But] I didn’t put a lot of faith in those dreams and aspirations.” Instead, Edenloff went to the University of Alberta and earned a degree in computer engineering. “I figured I’d do something logical and secure. But I always knew that I’d be doing music in some way.” After graduating, Edenloff moved to Toronto, where he met drummer Paul Banwatt and keyboardist/ vocalist/percussionist Amy Cole. Edenloff and Banwatt hosted an open-mic night and that open-mic night eventually led to the trio coming together to play as The Rural Alberta Advantage (RAA). “No one would come out [to the open-mic night] so we had to have tons and tons of material,” said Edenloff, RAA’s guitarist/vocalist. “So from that, we started playing together . . . it was kind of like hit and miss.” Last February the RAA played to an enthusiastic audience at Lucky Bar.

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sidrguelp, Flickr CC License

Frontman Nils Edenloff of the Rural Alberta Advantage plays at the Hillside Festival in Guelph, Ont.

that moving out to Toronto was something that I kind of needed to do, and in a way, it helped me sort of appreciate the time that I spent growing up in Alberta. I realize

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now how much of an effect it had on who I am today.” That effect is apparent in RAA’s music. Their 2009 album, Hometowns, is a picturesque stroll through the province, with songs like “Edmonton,” “The Death Bridge in Lethbridge” and “Frank, AB” painting vivid portraits of love and nostalgia. Edenloff says fans can expect a similar sound with their new album,

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which is now in the mixing stage. “I’ve always sort of seen this next record and Hometowns as being kind of interrelated. They kind of come from the same sort of place,” he said. “We didn’t try to do too much of a departure with this new stuff, but we wanted to sound more grownup, in a way.” The writing process for the new album was a collaborative one. “The songs, for the most part, start with me on an acoustic guitar, or I’ll bring sort of a completed song or a sketch of a song idea,” said Edenloff. “And then usually, Paul and I get the foundation of the song built up and take it from there and just kind of work it out and mold it.” “It seems like every single song, even though they’re so diverse and different, can be stripped down to its core elements and be played on an acoustic guitar, and that’s something that I really enjoy about the songs.” The band’s elegant simplicity leads to exciting live performances. “I’ve always seen our live shows as a kind of tightrope walking act or something. Because, there’s only three of us and we’re playing these very spare arrangements. If any one thing goes wrong, the whole thing could come tumbling down,” said Edenloff. “So maybe it’s that whole danger that people like. Or maybe no one really feels the same way that I do.”

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16 CULTURE

November 4, 2010


Urbanites explore their world with lecture series > STUART ARMSTRONG One lecture series is exploring a new world — right here in Victoria. Jordan Stanger-Ross, a UVic associate professor specializing in the history of urban studies and comparing American and Canadian cities and their socio-economic issues, is the main organizer of The City Talks monthly lecture series at UVic. According to Stanger-Ross, the idea for the lecture series came after a field trip with his urban history class to downtown Victoria where the class examined what a healthy city needs based on the theories of Jane Jacobs, an American urban planning theorist. The lecture series grew from a series of casual conversations between himself and faculty members over coffee, discussing urban issues in Victoria and in academia. His students found that Market Square was empty, and that several elements that Jacobs said promoted a healthy city were missing from Victoria, such as the integration of all levels of the populace — including students, local residents and business. “This sort of integration was something that the university did have, but the city seems to lack,” said Stanger-Ross. This realization sparked debate among Stanger-Ross’s students, which spilled over to general discussion with like-minded colleagues in the departments of geography, history, public administration, political science and English. “It was clear they were [all] thinking about urban studies [issues], but nothing was coming from the

university. From one of those conversations came the [idea of the] speaker series.” Eventually, the idea of creating a new, cross-discipline academic degree program emerged. “[We found that] others were interested in creating a urban studies minor, and creating connections between disciplines to establish opportunities for students to take part in the studies of urban cities, and establish a public presences so students and faculty might interact with the public,” said Stanger-Ross. “There is now a movement to establish a minor, and increase program opportunities with faculty and students in this research.” According to Stanger-Ross, the public is responding to these untapped issues enthusiastically. “The public response has been terrific,” he said. “We expected 50 to 70 people [for the first talk], and we had well over 100 and it was standing room only. We’ve made adjustments for the next talk to take into account the fantastic public response.” Stanger-Ross says that the administration has been very supportive of this initiative, as the possibilities for research into issues that specifically affect a medium-sized city like Victoria provide opportunities other cities can’t. “Most urban studies research centres are based around large areas like Philadelphia, Toronto, Montreal and Calgary, but those are large cities with their own issues. Victoria and other mediumsized cities have their own unique issues with things like homelessness and poverty that need to be investigated.”

Kat Eschner

Jordan Stanger-Ross sits in Market Square, the space that inspired him to create a lecture series.

The talks over the next six months will move into areas such as racism against native inhabitants in Victoria, the expression of inner-city politics and the use of public space. Michael Brown, a professor of queer studies in the Department

of Geography at the University of Washington is giving the next lecture on Nov. 24. He will be speaking about the geography of sexuality and the queer history of Seattle. Brown is a specialist in political geographies of sexuality and the body, in queer studies, HIV/

AIDS activism, radical democracy and in cultural geographies. The talks are being held at 7:30 p.m. at the Legacy Art Gallery and Cafe. Admission is free. Full details of issues and speaker lists and biographies can be found at thecitytalks.ca.

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CULTURE 17


UVic scores free music extravaganza, again > Brooke English UVic students love their free concerts. For the second year in a row, UVic has won the TD Music Experience. This year’s free concert, taking place on Nov. 13, features Metric, OK Go and Keys N Krates. Although thousands of people voted in the online contest, no one has a ticket to the concert yet, not even the young women who started a Facebook group to promote the contest at UVic. “I decided to create a group on Facebook with my friend Amanda, and we just tried to get as many people to vote as we could,” said Annelies VanderLaan, an 18-yearold psychology student with an affinity for Metric. “They’re pretty big-name bands, and we have the opportunity to watch and enjoy them at no cost to us.”

Last year, UVic hosted K-OS, the Stills, and Girl Talk, plus about 800 students rocking out in the Michelle Pujol room of the Student Union Building. TD created the Music Experience contest by splitting the country into three regions and having universities compete to win the free concert by online voting. Students looking to get into this year’s event may still have a chance. Tickets will be distributed on Nov. 4 between 1 and 5 p.m. but the location of where tickets will be handed out will remain a secret until anywhere from 30 minutes to 48 hours before ticketing begins. The tickets will be given out in pairs on a first come, first serve basis. Priority will be given to those who have voted, but any UVic student is eligible. For those who don’t score tickets to the free show, Metric will be playing at the Save-on-Foods Me-

morial Centre on Nov. 14. Metric, one of Canada’s bestknown and most-loved indie-rock bands, won two Juno Awards in 2010, one for Group of the Year and one for Alternative Album of the Year for their newest release Fantasies. OK Go is the band that gained infamy with their music video, done in one shot, of four guys doing an organized dance on treadmills. Some of the band’s latest videos include marching bands and dogs. Keys N Krates is an up-and-coming Canadian trio who are changing the way music is remixed live, complete with the drums, keys and, of course, a turntable. The ticket distribution for this music extravaganza could happen at any time, so keep your eye on the TD Facebook or Twitter pages. For a link to the Facebook event itself, go to tdpumpitup.com.

witholeary, Flickr CC License

Emily Haines and her band, Metric, will be headlining this year’s TD Music Experience concert at UVic.

Journalism student experiences homelessness > Lindsay Grummett The Sputnik BRANTFORD, Ont. (CUP) — Dan Losier is trying to change Canada’s perception of homelessness. And he’s using film to do it. After receiving the support of his social documentary teacher, Losier, a journalism student at Wilfrid Laurier University, set off to shoot a documentary capturing what it really feels like to live on the street. His professor gave him a month to produce the story. The film’s premise is simple. “[It’s] 72-hours of me with nothing,” said Losier of his film, which is titled In Their Shoes: The Experience. “I went out with a jacket and

my clothes.” To shoot the documentary, Losier sought out the help of his friend Tom Kennedy, who works at the online magazine Brant News. “Dan was looking for someone to be there the whole time and actually shoot the experience,” said Kennedy. “It was a really cool way to do it because we were already friends, and I wasn’t just an outsider looking in.” The friendship became of primary importance to a successful shoot. “Being his friend made it a lot easier to essentially be mean to him because I was comfortable doing that,” said Kennedy. “It was easier to avoid wanting to help him out because I knew what he

was trying to do and I wanted him to achieve it.” Although Losier’s immersion into homelessness was short-lived, the 72-hour experience profoundly impacted him. In a sombre voice, he remembers the start of filming. “You can see the first night I’m pretty scared of where I’m going to sleep. Then the next day, I’m so rattled. I’m freezing my ass off. I didn’t prepare for this.” Preparing for homelessness is a terrifying and near-impossible prospect. According to a 2006 survey, roughly half of all Canadians live in fear of poverty and 49 per cent of people polled believe if they miss one or two paycheques, they will be

poverty stricken. The notion that nearly half the population could find themselves in poverty after a few payless weeks is not lost on Losier. “It doesn’t matter who these people are and what they’ve done in their past — they’re people. When I went to [the soup kitchen, I saw that] they were just normal people who were down on their luck.” Once filming and editing ended, Losier brought his film back to class for a viewing in front of students, professors and a representative of the Brantford Film Festival. Losier submitted the film and was selected

for the Brantford Showcase, which will feature three films that tell stories of Brantford. When asked what he wants people to take away from the film, Losier speaks with certainty. “The main message I want to put through my work is community and getting together. I really truly believe that’s how the world can change. There’s a lot of social change that needs to happen and we’ve put that in other people’s hands and it’s clearly not working. We need to put it back in our own hands, get together and do it ourselves.”

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A Bedtime Story for everyone Author’s latest offering leaves readers sleepless

> Jillayna Adamson I have hotly and most impatiently awaited the release of local author Robert J. Wiersema’s new novel for a couple of years now. The anticipation began after I devoured his first novel, Before I Wake, which went on to be a national bestseller in 2006. Before I Wake looked like it would be a tough act to follow. I wondered how his second novel would compare with what was such an entrancing, well-written first. Expectations were admittedly high for the author. And yet, with utmost tenacity, it seems Wiersema has done it again. Bedtime Story, which was released on Nov. 2, is simply captivating. The novel is a swirl of classic childhood fantasy complete with kings and quests, weaved into a modern day drama. Wiersema does this by dipping into his familiar knack for supernatural, fantasy and the exploration of more magical realms. The novel follows Chris Knox, a Victoria father in a struggling marriage. The story begins as

relatable to contemporary, everyday challenges and themes in the modern world. A father and son struggle to relate to one another, a husband and wife are lost in the fragility of their marriage. The setting is all too pleasantly familiar as well, and will surely excite Victoria locals with mentions of the city’s classic favourites, including Munro’s Bookstore and Fan Tan Alley. However, the story quickly explodes into suspense and delves into rarely explored territory when Knox’s 11-year-old son has a bizarre seizure while reading a new favourite bedtime story. With this, Knox begins to seek answers through the book itself. It is here that Wiersema boldly takes readers out of their preconceived “reality” and into an entirely different realm of medieval magic. In doing so, he plays on readers’ inner-child, while still keeping them in a very adult world. Bedtime Story is hefty, yet nearly impossible to put down. In fact, I had to force myself not to pull it out in class and to study for midterms rather than read it. I found myself engrossed for many sleepless nights, ultimately finishing it in three sittings. Word of warning, don’t open up Bedtime Story until the studying is done. But do open it, if you love jumping into the engrossing, obsessive power of a good book. And if you can’t get enough of Wiersema’s writing, be sure to check out his first novel, Before I Wake, as well as his novella, The World More Full of Weeping.

WHAT: Pig BBQ Joint WHERE: 1325 Johnson Street I’ve been hearing talk about Pig for the last year or so, but only now that a new location has opened at the corner of Johnson and Blanshard have I been able to see what the hype is all about. In the days leading up to my visit to this rumoured-to-be-delicious barbeque joint, I began to follow Pig’s Twitter account. Reading about pulled pork quesadillas, the MacDaddy burger (which turns out to be a burger with Mac & Cheese in it) or any of the other awesome specials Pig seems to have daily convinced me the hype couldn’t be unfounded. By the time I made my way to the restaurant, it was already dark out. Standing at the opposite corner of the intersection, the giant pig hanging above the heads of the happy patrons inside was like a light at the end of the tunnel of hunger. As I walked in the door, the aromas and the prospect of getting me some of that good ol’ southern cooking excited my senses. The space is mildly awkward, sitting on the corner of the newly renovated Atrium building in a banana curve with enough seating for about 30 people. I made my way to the counter, ordered a main dish that featured a half-pound of pulled pork, corn bread, and either beans or coleslaw (I opted for the slaw, $10), grabbed a Boylan cream soda ($2.50), and paid. I was surprised that a restaurant with such a good reputation was laid out in a fast food format, but those concerns abruptly dissolved when my meal quickly arrived. The presentation was the first thing I noticed. My half-pound of pulled pork, along with the rest of my dish, was served on top of a sheet of wax paper on a tray. Eyes focused on the food, I walked straight to my table to try it. The first bite

Results: FOOD:

bristol town hair

summed up the whole meal: awesome. The pork was expertly prepared: tender, juicy, not at all dry and doused in Pig’s own barbeque sauce, which complemented it well. It had just the right amount of tang, which I love in barbeque sauces. My only beef with it was that there wasn’t any heat, as far as I could tell. I added some hot sauce to spruce it up a bit. I didn’t think there was quite enough sauce on my serving, but you can always add more from the bottles available on the counter. The rest of the meal was no less tasty. Pig takes a West vs. East Coast stance when it comes to their coleslaw. Traditionally, the West Coast uses a mayo base, while the east uses a vinegar sauce. Pig mixes a light amount of mayo with vinegar to make their light dressing. The corn bread was another welcome surprise. I’m more used to eating soft, sweet, out-of-the-box flavoured corn bread, but Pig’s take on the southern classic is far from that stereotype. It wasn’t as sweet and there were chunks of corn still in it, as I’ve had before. The bread was firmer, less crumbly, and more savoury than I’m used to. It made total sense, though, sitting next to a small dish of garlic butter. Because it was firmer, it was a lot easier to cut and apply to butter to without crumbling. This portion may not sound like a lot of food, but I’ve got to tell you, it really is. I almost didn’t finish, but I couldn’t bear to let any of Brad Michelson it go to waste. While I was blissfully nom-ing down my meal, I watched one of the two TVs mounted on the walls of the restaurant by the doors. It’s a nice touch to the already sharp-looking establishment, which has a nice dark red and white colour scheme. The huge windows around the perimeter open up the restaurant. Pig is as close to authentic barbeque as you can get in that kind of fast food setting. By no means should that take away from the merit they deserve in the Victoria food scene. I also really appreciate the fact that they post their prices with HST included. More restaurants should do that. Pig is quick, cheap and delicious. I highly recommend it to any meat lovers out there. When you go to Pig after reading this, because I know you will, check out their crispy Mac & Cheese. It looks awesome.

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Vikes miss playoffs for first time in years > Nathan Lowther

Sol Kauffman

Wesley Barrett (7) approaches the ball for a penalty shot against the Lehtbridge Pronghorns on Oct. 30.

Season ends on upswing > Nathan Lowther A season of retooling ended on an upward trend as the men’s soccer Vikes won the final two matches of their Canada West (CanWest) season Oct. 30 and 31 at Centennial Stadium. UVic entered the season as two-time defending CanWest champions, but had lost 12 players including three-time Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) AllCanadian Cole McFarlane. “We thought we had a chance at the beginning of the year of maybe sneaking into the playoffs,” said Bruce Wilson, who’s been head coach of the team for the last 22 years. “But it wasn’t to be; our players are too young, too inexperienced.” Playoffs or not, Wilson did see plenty of positives this season. “We’ve come a long way and right now we’re competitive,” he said. “So I’m pleased with the progression of the young players.” The progress showed through in a 1-0 win over the Lethbridge Pronghorns Oct. 30. The highlight of the game, however, belonged to Lethbridge ’keeper Jordan Campbell when he stopped Vike shooter Wesley Barrett, not once, but twice from the penalty spot.

After Campbell dove to his right to stop a low shot, the ref decided he had left his line early and awarded Barrett a do-over. This time Barrett went hard to the left, but again Campbell sprawled and punched out the waist-high attempt. Only Bobby Eng found the mesh when he redirected a low cross from Andrew Ravenhill inside the near post in the 26th minute. The strong play continued Sunday against a Calgary Dino squad looking to take second place in the conference. But two Barrett tallies gave the Vikes a 2-1 upset that kept the Dinos mired in third. “If we were starting the league right now I would say we’d have a chance for the playoffs,” Wilson had said after the Lethbridge game. Ravenhill also noticed a change in his teammates over the course of the season. “We sort of lacked confidence at the beginning of the year,” he said. “As the season progressed, the way we walk on the field and our training and our game play have all gotten better and we’re reaping the rewards of that now.” This change is the result of hard work, on and off the pitch. “We’re getting the team effort, not

only in games, but in training,” Wilson said. “Everybody is at training early. Everybody works hard.” And with next year’s CanWest championships being hosted by UVic, Wilson is already looking to reload for another run at the conference crown. “What we have to do as we move ahead towards next year is get a little more experience into our squad,” he said, adding his team is lacking that game-breaker they had in McFarlane. “But I’m in the process of recruiting and we’re definitely bringing back some older players for next year. I hope to bring in seven, eight, maybe nine players.” Just who Wilson ends up signing could play a major role in determining whether or not the Vikes have the talent to make the playoffs. The Vikes finished the season with a 4-9-1 record, including a 4-2-1 home record. This gave them 13 points, good for sixth place in CanWest. The top four teams qualify for the playoffs. On the season, UVic was outscored 32-14. Barrett, who had four goals, and Ravenhill, who had three, were the only Vikes to score more than once. Of the 22 players on the roster, 19 were in their third-year or less.

For the first time since Tracy David became head coach, UVic’s women’s soccer team will miss out on post-season play this year. David became the Vikes head coach in 2002, and since then, her squads have qualified for eight straight Canada West (CanWest) playoffs, including one CanWest championship in 2008. Going into their Oct. 30 and 31 games, the Vikes still had a chance to qualify for the post-season. But they had to win both and needed teams ahead of them to lose or tie. “It’s been the monkey on our back all along so we tried to not focus so much on it,” David said of the dim playoff picture. “We knew what was riding on the line [though].” Injuries to too many veterans left the young group overmatched though much of the season. Their final-weekend line-up was missing three veteran players, including midfielder Sarah Clarke. “Two of them have been out most of the season,” said David. “One couldn’t play this weekend because of a concussion.” For a team with 21 first- or second-year players on their 30-player roster, there was already a dearth of experience. “The positive is that the replacement players get lots of playing time,” David said. “It bodes well for the future.” In the Oct. 30 match versus the Lethbridge Pronghorns, the Vikes displayed glimpses of a bright future. Rookie midfielder Jaclyn Sawicki’s speed and nifty footwork created offense all afternoon, and only the efforts of Pronghorn’s goalie Jaleesa Johnston kept the score 1-0 in favour of the Vikes. “I thought [Johnston] was outstanding on the day and probably robbed us of three really good chances,” said David. The best happened in the 71st minute off the foot of Sawicki when Sawicki, who tied for the team lead in goals on the season, turned from about eight yards out and chipped a shot towards

the far corner. Johnston launched across her goal and got enough of the ball to put it over the bar. Only Jacqueline Harrison managed a tally, after Kaitlyn Hunter chased down an inspired through-ball to herself and got the ball across to Harrison in the box. “Their goalie definitely had a phenomenal game for them,” said Nellanna Kurylo, who was playing her final weekend of varsity eligibility. “I’m just going to play [this weekend] the exact same way I play every day. I’m excited and want to end on a high note.” Vikes goalie Stephanie Parker made four saves for her third shutout of the season. Lindsay Hoetzel was all over the offensive end for the Vikes, getting five shots off, three of which were on goal. Unfortunately for Kurylo and her teammates, a Saskatchewan upset of UBC minutes before the end of the Lethbridge game eliminated them from the playoffs. Still, the season finale Oct. 31 against the Calgary Dinos was a spirited sendoff, as the Vikes fell 3-2 but kept playing hard after getting behind 2-0 early. The Vikes got goals from Hunter and Frankee Bencher in the comeback effort, but as the Dinos scored three first-half goals, it just wasn’t enough. The loss gave the Vikes a final record of 5-6-3, good for 18 points and seventh place in the Canada West conference. The top four teams qualify for the conference playoff. “I’ve said all along to our team that in order for us, or anybody, to get into the playoffs you really need a minimum of 24 points [it took 25 this season] and we’ve just fallen a little bit short,” said David. The women won three of their final four games, and had a 4-2-1 home record. They scored 15 goals on the season while surrendering 24. Sawicki and Hunter tied for the team lead with four goals apiece. Hunter, Kurylo, Kelly Forbes, Stephanie Davidson, and Shayla Behrens all will be graduating and have played their final match as Vikes.

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Football: it’s time to get on board, Canada > Nathan Lowther

term election period) and football. Determining whether politics are as prominent outside the election cycle is a topic for another article, but you know if it’s football season, football is making primetime. And while that may not be too different than hockey here at home, the difference lies in how many levels of football get coverage. Here the Canucks and the NHL get lots of air-time, no doubt. And minorleague teams get some coverage in their hometowns; the American Hockey League’s Abbotsford Heat, or the Salmon Kings here in Victoria both get some media play. But levels below that? Not a whole lot. How much coverage have you seen of the British Columbia Junior Hockey League (BCJHL)? Unless you’re a hard-core fan that searched it out, probably none. In the States,

The cultural differences between Canada and the United States are many, but in the world of sports none are bigger than the places of hockey and football in our respective hearts. Everyone, whether Canadian or not, knows the puck is sovereign in the Great White North, while the Land of the Free celebrates the gridiron like no other. As someone who never played ice hockey (love the game though) but played junior football and now coaches minor football, this point was kicked clearly through the uprights when I went to Seattle to see the Seahawks play the Arizona Cardinals in an NFL match-up. There were two things on television, whatever time, whatever channel: politics (something about a mid-

WEST : CANADA

high-school football makes the evening news. And not just scores, but highlights. And we’re not talking a state championship game — even the provincial high-school championships will make the news in B.C. No, we’re talking multiple regular league games having camera crews in attendance. And hundreds, maybe thousands, of fans go watch these games. They have stadiums, and the stands are packed. Go watch two Victoria-area high-schools play. If we’re generous, we can say friends and family attend. Meanwhile, in the U.S. they make movies about their Friday night high-school football games. And that level of appreciation is consistent at every level. The Seahawks are averaging just over 67,000 fans per game this season, good for 18th in the 32-team

SCORE BOARD

Final Men’s Soccer Standings School W-L-T Pct. Pts. xAlberta 11-2-1 .821 34 xUBC 8-3-3 .679 27 xCalgary 8-4-2 .643 26 xSask. 7-4-3 .607 24 TWU 5-5-4 .500 19 13 Victoria 4-9-1 .321 UFV 4-10 .286 12 1-11-2 .143 5 Leth

Victoria Minor Football Association (GVMFA), which has players from eight to 14 years old and it is fun to watch, although no one save parents would know. There are also good high school programs, including UVic’s neighbour, Mt. Douglas Secondary, which is always competitive. Junior football is fast-paced and hard-hitting, with the Victoria Rebels being the home team. Their up-Island rivals, the Nanaimo Raiders, are now five-time defending B.C. champs. I don’t expect Canadians will ever permanently trade their Bauer shoulder pads in for ones made by Riddell, but football is a great spectator sport in its own right, at every level. And Victoria boasts plenty of exciting action, but you have to get out to see it. Because, around here, highlights don’t make the news.

League Leaders: Men’s Soccer GOALS No. 1. J.Bar.-Hamilton-SASK 10 8 2. Samuel Lam-AB Marcus Johnstone-AB 8 4. Gagandeep Dosanjh-UBC 7 Izak Lawrence-CGY 7 Danfi Parker-TWU 7 7 Josh Northey-SASK 8. Sasa Plavsic-UFV 6 5 9. Brett Colvin-AB Andre Costa-TWU 5

Final Women’s Soccer Standings School W-L-T Pct. Pts. xAlberta 10-2-2 .786 32 xTWU 9-3-2 .714 29 xUFV 8-5-1 .607 25 xUBC 8-5-1 .607 25 Sask. 7-6-1 .536 22 21 Calgary 6-5-3 .536 Victoria 5-6-3 .464 18 17 Regina 5-7-2 .429 Man. 1-9-4 .214 7 Leth. 1-12-1 .107 4

x - clinched playoff berth

league. In Vancouver, the B.C. Lions are doing well when they get 32,000. While this is better than the Washington State Cougars’ average of about 26,000 fans per game in 2009, it pales compared to the Washington Huskies 64,000 average attendance, and the Huskies aren’t even any good. No doubt part of the explanation is simply numbers: the U.S. has a much larger population than Canada. But compare hockey at any level in Canada to football at any level in the States, and it’s ridiculous. And really, short of maybe soccer in Europe, no sport anywhere in the world gets the support that football does in the U.S. It is too bad that more people don’t get into football in Canada, at all levels. I coach in the Greater

Women’s Soccer GOALS 1. Elizabeth Hudon-SASK 2. Heather Lund-AB 3. Megan Webster-UFV 4. Janine Frazao-UBC Tessa Miller-CGY 6. Alicia Tesan-TWU Daniela Gerig-TWU Lisa Furutani-UBC Carleigh Miller-AB D. Fuenzalida-SASK

CanWest Athletes of the Week No. 11 9 8 7 7 6 6 6 6 6

MALE SPORT Josh Northey-Sask. Soccer Northey scored a goal and added an assist over the weekend to send the Huskies to the playoffs. FEMALE SPORT Haley Wickenheiser-CGY Hockey Wickenheiser had three goals and an assist in two games versus Edmonton.

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L Q P U D R X S T G H O C W G N T E F K L H I D W E C P H W A B

BY CANDACE O’NEILL

Horoscopes for the week of Nov. 1, 2010

PRASEODYMIUM EPIZEUXIS Scorpio (Oct. 23 - Nov. 22): Don’t get caught up in minor details this week, Scorpio or you’ll drive SYLLOGISM yourself insane. Focus on the bigger picture. POLYPTOTON Things will become much clearer and life will be NOMENCLATURE much more enjoyable. EQUIANGULAR VERBOSE Sagittarius (Nov. 23 - Dec. 21):  Feeling pretty POLYCARBONATE peppy these days, aren’t you, Sagittarius? Use RELATIONALITY your newfound energy to get ahead of the game this week. Clearing your to-do list early will leave METASYNTACTIC you with more time to play later on. FLAGRANTLY

RELATIONALITY METASYNTACTIC FLAGRANTLY

Taurus (Apr. 20 - May 20): Feeling rested these days, Taurus? If not, you better catch some shuteye. Just when you thought your life was slowing down, things kick back into turbo-gear. Hang on and enjoy the ride! Gemini (May 21 - June 20): You are beaming from head-to-toe these days, Gemini. And you should be! Life is full of nothing but possibilities and opportunities for you in the weeks to come. Embrace everything that life has to offer you.

Capricorn (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19): If someone is constantly letting you down, then it may be time to cut them loose. If you continue to rely on this individual, then you only have yourself to blame. Follow your instincts.

Cancer (June 21 - July 22): For a sign that is generally so romantic, you really have no clue some days, do you, Cancer? Take this week to re-evaluate your love life and figure out just what the hell is really going on these days!

Aquarius (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18): Feel like you’re drowning in a sea of debt these days, Aquarius? Then it may be time to sit down and come up with a solid budget plan. It’s time to exercise some self-control over that wallet of yours.

Leo (July 23 - Aug. 22): So the master plan didn’t work out quite as well as you had hoped, Leo. There is no need to fret about it. If you’re open to change, then a better opportunity will present itself to you later this week.

Pisces (Feb. 19 - Mar. 20): Did you wake up this morning and wonder where the hell the past two months have gone? You’ve been so busy lately that you’ve barely had time to look up from that mountain of work. Remember to take time for yourself.

Virgo (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22): There is no point in dwelling on the past, Virgo. What’s happened has happened and there isn’t a thing you can do about it. What you can do is look toward the future. It’s not where you’ve been, but where you’re going next.

Aries (Mar. 21 - Apr. 19): It’s OK to be a team leader and a team player at the same time. By helping others to reach their full potential this week, in turn, you can reach your own. Nice guys don’t always finish last, Aries.

Libra (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22): Wearing your heart on your sleeve isn’t always a bad thing, Libra. It’s time to open up and show the world just how full of love and passion you really are. Try speaking from the heart this week — it’s refreshing.

John Albert Hall Lectures The John Albert Hall Lectures are sponsored by the Anglican Diocese of British Columbia and the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society at the University of Victoria.

CLASSIFIEDS FREE EYEBROW THREADING with Brazilian waxing, $37. Fernwood Holistic Health Care Centre. Only by appointment. (250) 507-7174. OLD WINERY SELF STORAGE Clean, secure, indoor lockers. Open 7 days a week. 3952 Quadra Street. Behind The Keg. (250) 727-2311.

TILLCHECKER.COM — SAVE MONEY on Victoria groceries. Free price-checking website. CALLING ALL SKINNYDIPPERS and wannabees too. A local nudist club is holding monthly nude swims at a city recreation centre pool. If you are interested in attending, please feel free to contact arbutusparkswim@yahoo.ca or phone (250) 472-1805 for more information.

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MARTLET.CA OR EMAIL ADS @ MARTLET.CA

Kwok Pui Lan, Postcolonialism and Christianity William F. Cole Professor of Christian Theology and Spirituality, Episcopal Divinity School, Cambridge, Massachusetts These lectures will scrutinize the colonial legacy of Christianity, with a focus on changing Christian demographics, the transformation of Christianity to a non-Western religion, and the impact for theology of the rise of China and India as global economic powers. Lecture 1 Postcolonialism and World Christianity Tuesday, November 7:30 pm 02/11/10 6:5523, PM (Hickman building, room 105) Lecture 2 Transnationalism and “Doing Theology” in the Asia-Pacific Thursday, November 25, 7:30 pm (Hickman building, room 105)

Lecture 3 Religious Difference and Dialogue Friday, November 26, 7:30 pm (Hickman building, room 105) Lecture 4 The Postcolonial Jesus Monday, November 29, 7:30 pm (Social Sciences and Mathematics building, room A110)

Kwok Pui Lan is an internationally known scholar and pioneer in Asian feminist and postcolonial theology. She is the author of numerous books and co-editor of Off the Menu: Asian and Asian North American Women’s Religion and Theology and Empire and the Christian Tradition: New Readings of Classical Theologians. Persons with a disability requiring accommodation for these lectures should call 250-721-6325 at least 48 hours in advance. For more information visit www.csrs.uvic.ca or phone 250-721-6325. Free and open to the public. Seating is limited. Visit our online events calendar at www.uvic.ca/events.

Come check out our workshops. Want to get involved with the Martlet? Want to learn new skills? Come on down to B011 in the Student Union Building.

Friday, Nov. 5, 3 p.m.:

Friday, Nov. 26, 3 p.m.:

Taking print-worthy photos

Perfecting Podcasts

Friday, Nov. 19, 3 p.m.:

Friday, Dec. 3rd, 3 p.m.:

With Photo Editor Sol Kauffman

Preparing illustrations for the Martlet With Junior Designer Glen O’Neill

November 4, 2010

With Bron Lawrie

So you want to be a writer

With Editor-in-Chief Gemma Karstens-Smith

DIVERSIONS 23


•What good’s a reward if you ain’t around to use it? Besides, attacking that comics page ain’t my idea of courage. comics@martlet.ca

24 COMICS

November 4, 2010

NOVEMBER 4  

Issue 13 Volume 63, November 4, 2010

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