August 25th, 2022

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This issue’s cover photo is provided by UVic Rocketry. Design by Sie Douglas-Fish, design director.



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AUGUST 25TH, 2022





What you need to know about monkeypox on Vancouver Island Risk of monkeypox considered low by BCCDC ISABELLA KENNEDY EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Multiple countries have seen an uptick in monkeypox cases this summer, causing the World Health Organization to declare the monkeypox virus an international health emergency in late July. With infections on the rise in Canada, UVic students might be wondering what the virus is, how it presents itself, and what they can do about it. As of Aug. 18, there are 119 confirmed cases of monkeypox in British Columbia, with only six of those cases in the Island Health region. The BC Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC) currently considers the risk to the population low, and is connecting with those who have had close contact with the virus. B.C. is also already offering a vaccine for high-risk populations. While a new virus is the last thing people want to hear about, the UVic Student Wellness Centre's Lead Nurse, Annie Lucas, says staying informed is key. "The more we know collectively as a community, the more we can work together to prevent outbreaks," said Lucas in an email to the Martlet. Monkeypox is a disease caused by the monkeypox virus, and it enters the body through the mouth, nose, and eyes or through broken skin. The virus can spread between animals and humans, between humans, or through sharing contaminated objects such as bed sheets or towels. It can be passed through having close contact with someone who has monkeypox, including during sexual activity.

It has two stages of symptoms and those who get monkeypox are likely to have some symptoms for two to four weeks. The first symptoms are general sickness that could pass off as other illnesses, such as fever, chills, intense headaches, and tiredness. Stage two, which usually occurs between one to five days after the first stage of symptoms, is a blisterlike rash. The sores are often found on the hands, feet, legs, mouth, and/ or genitals and they can last anywhere from two to three weeks. The BCCDC says that symptoms can show up differently, for example some people may not experience stage one symptoms at all but can later develop the stage two rash. Currently, monkeypox has no wellestablished treatments. The vaccine that helps prevent monkeypox is called Imvamune, and it can also be administered if someone has had exposure to the virus but is not yet experiencing symptoms to lower the severity of illness. Although Imvamune was originally used to prevent smallpox, the vaccine has been proven to reduce the chances of monkeypox infection by approximately 85 per cent. Currently, many countries in the world are in need of the vaccine and supply is very low. "At this time we don’t have vaccine available at the Student Wellness C e n t re , b u t S t u d e n t We l l n e s s practitioners are assessing folks for eligibility and referring them to Island Health for vaccination when indicated," said Lucas. "As with other communicable disease vaccination programs, changes are made based on the status of the outbreak and availability of vaccine."

Photo by Cynthia S. Goldsmith, Russell Regnery via Public Health Image Library (PHIL).

Island Health is currently booking appointments for Imvamune for those people considered at higher risk. You are eligible if you are 18 or older and identify as gay, bi, trans, or as a man that has sex with men and have had one of these other requirements: an STI in the past two months, two or more sexual partners in the past 21 days, had casual sex or attended an event for casual sex, or take part in sex work, be it as a worker or client. Most of the current cases have been spread through close sexual contact. As of August 15, the province has administered 14 177 doses of Imvamune.

According to the BCCDC, most people getting monkeypox right now are men who identify as having sex with men, but that does not mean that other demographics can't get the disease. Monkeypox can infect anyone, regardless of how they identify or their sexuality. "I would encourage students to participate in fact-based discussions, be respectful, and be vocal about discrimination and stigma," said Lucas. "Stigmatization can lead to people not seeking services like testing and treatment." Currently, UVic is not required to have a health plan for monkeypox infection.

"We continue to follow public health guidance for monkeypox," wrote Kirsten Lauvaas, the associate director of public affairs, in an emailed statement to the Martlet. "We will adjust our on-campus health and safety policies, as needed, to align with any changes to this guidance." You can check your eligibility and book a monkeypox vaccination appointment on Island Health's website: monkeypox

NSU advocates for cost-free ONECard name changes LETTER for Indigenous students, staff, and faculty

UVic now covers the $20 fee for Indigenous students to update their cards to their traditional names

Photo by Sie Douglas-Fish.

ISABELLA KENNEDY EDITOR-IN-CHIEF In November 2021, the University of Victoria began reimbursing students who wanted to update their ONECards to reflect a change in name for their gender identity.

This news was a huge win for twospirit, trans, non-binary, and gender non-conforming students, but the cost-free option wasn't available for other students on campus who wanted to update their names for a different reason.

"We emailed almost immediately after [the announcement] asking, 'can traditional names be included in this,'" said Peter Underwood, the coordinator for the Native Student Union (NSU). "Ultimately it was no." While the NSU initially liaised with the ONECard office to advocate for Indigenous students who wanted to update their card, they eventually decided to approve a program to start reimbursing the cost themselves rather than go through the university. Only after the NSU announced their plans did UVic resolve to start covering the $20 fee for Indigenous students. "To honour our commitment to diversity and de-colonizing our campus, we are also honouring name changes for Indigenous students and covering the costs of their replacement ONECards," wrote Marilyn Cossaro, the ONECard manager, in a statement sent to the Martlet. "This includes students, staff, and faculty who self-identify as Indigenous as part of the admissions and hiring process." Currently, the B.C. government allows residential school survivors and their family members, along with those affected by the Sixties Scoop,

to legally change their name with almost all of the associated fees covered. This cost-waving initiative was one of the recommendations made by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to help Indigenous peoples reclaim their names that were changed by residential schools. Underwood said he was glad that the NSU's advocacy efforts were able to make this option available for Indigenous students at UVic. "It's definitely a big relief," said Underwood. "It probably shouldn't be this exciting; it should have just happened. But it's great to know that we don't have to be providing this service and that [the university] can just cover that for students that are seeking to update all of their IDs u n d e r a re c l a m a t i o n o f t h e i r traditional names." One problem that remains for students wanting to update their information at UVic is that the university’s current system for ONECards does not allow for special characters to be used. This means that some traditional names can't be properly spelt even if the name is updated.

" We h a v e b e e n a s k i n g o u r ONECard technology vendor to add special characters in the naming field f o r y e a r s ; h o w e v e r, t h e re a re limitations to the current software and hardware capabilities across all c am p u s i n s t al l at i o n s i n No r t h America," wrote Cossaro. "We will continue to advocate for these improvements at all opportunities." To update their cards, current Indigenous students, staff, and faculty have to update their preferred name in their records 24 hours before ordering a new card. The new costfree card will have the updated name and will only be issued once. If that card becomes damaged or lost the user will be responsible for the $20 replacement cost of a new one. Incoming Indigenous students can register their preferred name and have that reflected on their first issued ONECard. "I think it's inspirational that some of our initiatives have made some tangible change on campus," said Underwood.

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EDITORIAL UVic Rocketry places second in national competition

The team overcame adversity at the first ever Launch Canada rocket competition ASHLEE LEVY SENIOR STAFF WRITER

Earlier this month, UVic Rocketry won second place in the Launch Canada sounding rocket competition. The team attended the first ever Launch Canada event in Cochrane, Ontario where they competed against six other teams in the basic category to launch their rocket 10 000 feet. “[The] energy at competition was something else,” said Jaden De Rooy, the team’s lead engineer. “There’s a hundred other engineering students who are in the exact same boat as you. They're obsessed with building rockets.” The team is made up of around 40 UVic students who worked together to build the team’s rocket. 22 members, including just one with previous competition experience, were able to travel to Ontario for Launch Canada. “To put your heart and soul into a project like a rocket, and then finally go to the competition after months … of never knowing if it was actually going to happen, it was pretty incredible,” said De Rooy. The team has spent roughly the last year and a half working on their rocket, the Xenia-1. De Rooy explained that typically the design process takes four to five months, but UVic Rocketry spent a full year designing theirs because of the pandemic. Not only was Launch Canada delayed due to COVID-19, but the team was not allowed on campus until last fall. “[We went from being] a team of eight and being fully online to a team of 40 … as soon as classes went back to in-person,” said De Rooy. As a result of not being on campus, the team ended up manufacturing their rocket in only four months.

Photo provided by UVic Rocketry.

“We were basically finishing our manufacturing literally right on the launch rail on competition day,” said Kristopher Lemieux, the team’s media lead and avionics co-lead. According to De Rooy and Lemieux, this meant a lot of long nights in Cochrane as the team scrambled to finish their rocket in time for the launch. “There was a lot of resiliency to make sure that we could actually get a rocket

in the air,” said Lemieux. “We just kept iterating on it. We wouldn't give up no matter what was thrown at us.” The team worked tirelessly to prepare the rocket for flight, getting barely four hours of sleep each night, according to Lemieux. Not only did the rocket still need work when they arrived in Cochrane, but the team ran into several problems throughout the week.

But the electrical issues and broken parts didn’t stop them. “[There were] a lot of times where it felt pretty dire,” said Lemieux. “But we kept pushing, and no matter what happened, we always got through it.” The design of the rocket itself also posed a challenge for UVic rocketry. Of the six teams they competed against, most rockets had a single payload. The Xenia-1, however, had four.

Originally, the UVic team was preparing for another competition with a target of 30 000 feet. De Rooy explains that when the Spaceport America Cup was cancelled as a result of the pandemic, the team shifted their sights to Launch Canada. “Competing at 10 000 feet would have been kind of a step backward for us,” explained De Rooy. “So [we decided] let's just cram as many crazy payloads into the rocket as we can to make it a bit more challenging for ourselves.” Despite the last-minute work and the risky design, UVic rocketry managed to secure second place in the competition. According to De Rooy, the judges took notice of the innovation required to have the extra payloads, and ultimately the risk paid off. “To have that many separate complex systems in one rocket was quite special,” said De Rooy. “Even though our rocket didn’t have a completely nominal flight … we still came second place because of all those payloads.” De Rooy and Lemieux are both grateful for the people at UVic who made it possible for them to work on the rocket by providing access to equipment and space on campus and the organizers of Launch Canada. “The amount of work that they're putting in to make this happen and give Canadian engineering students a place to test and learn about rocketry like this is very admirable,” said De Rooy. De Rooy and Lemieux are also looking forward to having new students join UVic Rocketry. Now that the team’s first Launch Canada is over, they have started work on a new hybrid engine and are hoping to compete in the advanced category in the future.

New West Shore Campus expected to increase opportunities for UVic students EDITORIAL The collaboration project between UVic, Camosun, and Royal Roads allows for more post-secondary opportunities in West Shore area KRISTEN DE JAGER CONTRIBUTING WRITER UVic has announced its collaboration with Royal Roads University and Camosun College in a new campus set to open in 2024 in the West Shore area of Langford. UVic's contributions to the project include $1 million of funding, as well as first and second year courses that align with the main UVic campus to help bridge students from one campus to another. The opening of the West Shore campus is expected to be primarily beneficial to students in the Langford area who have previously had to commute a long way in order to access post-secondary options. UVic plans on allowing for students in the Langford area to have an easier transition into getting their degrees at UVic by offering first and second year courses at the West Shore campus. “Our intention is to provide students with additional options, and to create more pathways to postsecondary education for West Shore learners,” says Dr. Elizabeth Croft, UVic's vice-president academic and provost. “Degree programming at

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the West Shore campus will complement our existing programming at the main campus.” This partnership will also grant students more opportunities to take courses at Camosun College and Royal Roads University and eventually transfer to UVic for the upper-year portion of their degree. An aspect that will be helpful because UVic and Camosun College already have the biggest learning pathway in B.C., with over 1 500 transferring over to UVic from Camosun every year, according to Croft. Connor Hogan, a student at Belmont High School is quoted in the government press release as explaining, “As a high school student in Langford, we’re faced with quite a long commute if we want to go to school at UVic or at Camosun, and that can really affect our decision with what school we go to. When this new campus opens up, it will definitely help open some doors for us to study where we are, close to home.” Although the opening of the new UVic campus is going to impact the post-secondary options of prospective students who live in Langford, students who currently attend UVic’s main campus should

Architectural image sourced from Province of British Columbia on Flickr.

have nothing to worry about in terms of changes happening to the main campus. UVic plans to start off by offering core courses in the humanities, social sciences, fine arts, as well as courses in computer science and software engineering at the West Shore Campus, while providing the same courses at the main campus, which will provide students the option to

take courses at either campus. In terms of this new project that UVic is heading, there are also questions on how this new campus option will impact the already persistent student housing issue at UVic. As it stands now, UVic has no current plans in building additional residences near the West Shore campus for students that may choose

to attend their first two years there. But, according to Croft, the West S h o re p ro p e r t y h a s ro o m f o r expansion if there is later a desire for it. As Croft says, for now “the intention is really to reach and make postsecondary education more accessible for learners already living in West Shore communities.”


UVSS Director advocates for Victoria's Missing Middle Housing Initiative

Initiative intends to add townhouses and houseplexes to Victoria ASHLEE LEVY SENIOR STAFF WRITER

On Aug. 4, the City of Victoria held a public hearing which gave residents a chance to voice their opinions on the contentious Missing Middle Housing Initiative. Among those who spoke in favour of the initiative was Izzy Adachi, the UVSS director of campaigns and community relations. The Missing Middle Housing Initiative proposes a group of bylaw amendments that would allow houseplexes and townhouses to be built in residential areas of the city where zoning laws currently only allow single-family homes. Only five per cent of new housing construction in Victoria is considered middle housing, meaning the other 95 per cent is apartments, condos, and detached family houses. “Any time you can create more housing on the same amount of space, that's always a good thing in terms of the environment,” said Adachi, in an interview with the Martlet. Adachi, along with other UVic students, attended the Aug. 4 meeting as part of the Rent with Rights campaign, which advocates f o r a ff o rd a b l e a n d a c c e s s i b l e housing for UVic students.

“I think that often with these meetings it's a very specific demographic of people that attend … There is not a lot of space in the conversation for those who are precariously housed or who are renters,” said Adachi. “We've been trying to go and speak on behalf of the members of our community who are dealing with this housing crisis head-on.” Adachi believes that while the majority of students are not homeowners, the initiative has the potential to directly impact students. Not only does she argue for the importance of increasing the supply of housing near campus to prevent long commutes for students, but also that the initiative would help to increase the overall rental vacancy rate in Greater Victoria. She says this would benefit students who struggle to find housing each September. “ We ’ re h e re b e c a u s e w e ’ re scared,” said Adachi in their speech, which was the last of the four-hourlong hearing. “We’re here because we are vastly behind on the number of housing units needed in order to curtail the housing crisis.” The hearing consisted of speakers who attended in person and others who called in from home to share their feelings about the initiative.

Housing is a human right, and it’s not being provided in safe and stable ways, and it's completely unaffordable. - Izzy Adachi

Gordon Head, photo by Max Lipiec.

Many residents who are against the initiative shared concern that the proposed changes have not been fully thought through and that there has been inadequate public engagement. An online petition that calls on the city council to postpone the decision currently has over 1 000 signatures. “Flawed and incomplete,” reads one of its 10 cited reasons the initiative should be held off. Other reasons include that affordability and protection for existing renters are not built into the initiative. The petition also states that it “requires integration with broader municipal and provincial policies for housing, renter protections, transportation, and infrastructure.” Speakers at the Aug. 4 meeting echoed these concerns about the possible consequences of the initiative in its current state. Adachi believes that, while the initiative isn’t perfect and more needs to be done for housing affordability, it is still a step in the right direction.

“It's very clear based on the data that we need a drastic increase in supply in order to achieve housing affordability,” said Adachi. According to Adachi, the policy will also help prevent urban sprawl. “Housing has to be built somewhere,” said Adachi. “It either gets built in the city, or it gets built by clearcutting parts of Langford, and I would much rather it be built where we've developed already.” Before speaking at the meeting, Adachi did not predict the backlash she would later receive. For days after, Adachi received criticism on Twitter for what they said at the meeting, and in particular for using a swear word in her speech. However, Adachi said this criticism is not going to stop her from continuing to be vocal about the initiative. “There’s been a considerable amount of backlash, but there's also been a much stronger wave of support,” Adachi said.

The public hearing will continue on Sept. 1, giving anyone who was not able to speak at the previous meeting a chance to do so. Adachi and others involved in the Rent with Rights campaign will be in attendance. “[Housing is] probably going to be my number one priority over the next year,” said Adachi. “I think that that's the biggest urgent issue that people are facing.” The team also plans on continuing to advocate for affordable housing in other areas of Greater Victoria. “Housing is a human right, and it’s not being provided in safe and stable ways, and it's completely unaffordable,” said Adachi. “What are young people supposed to do in this situation other than resist?”


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AUGUST 25TH, 2022 //


Sashay away or whatever.


Artificial intelligence: a crutch or catalyst in the renaissance of creativity? A look into AI photo generation and its role in modern human creativity CAROLINE TUCKER CONTRIBUTING WRITER According to data collected by Adobe in 2012, 75 per cent of people think they’re not living up to their creative potential. This feeling can arise for any number of reasons — misdirection, fear of failure, the misguided quest for productivity — but how can we fix it? Since 2021, investments in artificial intelligence (AI) development have accelerated at an alarming rate, with the global AI market expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 38.1 per cent in the next eight years. Most fields of study in AI research focus on improving user experience from the backend, supporting online advertising and cyber security, among other things. However, a few research labs have delved into image generation instead, letting AI users explore and fuel their own creative endeavors. Recently, Meta, Facebook’s parent company, released a blog post commenting on AI’s role in promoting creativity. According to Meta, “creative expression is central to human connection” — which we already know. The post goes on to describe the myriad ways in which AI

can transform that creativity to fuel connections, whether that be generating expressive avatars, animating children’s books, or creating virtual worlds. Among tech developers, there is a wide belief that the relationship between AI and the pursuit of creativity is not misplaced. David Holz, the founder of MidJourney, an indepent text-to-image generator system, says that early users “feel broadly empowered and optimistic about using the technology as part of their workflow.” Meta, MidJourney, and other labs in this sector seem to believe that their AI is the sole solution to creative drought. However, the main barrier to modern human creativity isn’t due to our inability to create amazing, i n v e n t i v e t h i n g s ; i t ’s d u e t o inaccessibility. According to Sir Ken Robinson, Ph.D., an international leader in art, education, and creativity, “everyone has great capacities [to create] but not everyone develops them.” If creativity is learned, then the main factor stifling creative potential is education, or lack thereof. By fostering an environment that favors conformity, productivity, and standardization,

western education and post-secondary institutions promote the myth that creativity is rare, spontaneous, or some sort of divine gift. Returning to Meta’s blog post, we explore a world in which AI text-toimage generators are the norm — a world where it is possible to create “beautiful impressionist paintings in compositions you envision without ever picking up a paintbrush.” Children can explore the extent of their imagination, while artists, creators, and writers bring their own fantastical ideas to life — all through the power of AI. However ideal it seems, this image is far from reality. In our world today, rigid socioeconomic and education systems exist to stifle self-expression, curiosity, and innovation. While AI can foster creativity, it would have to be free and highly accessible to fulfill all its grandiose promises. Until then, people who have the time and money can leave their creative ambitions in the hands of a bot — while the rest of us are simply told to work harder. But don’t let me dissuade you from taking advantage of AI image generators. Please, go on down to MidJourney or and try them for yourself. You may only have

Computer-generated art from the sentence “draw creatively" (Midjourney), provided by Caroline Tucker.

25 images for free and they may completely miss the mark but hey, maybe you’ll discover your full

creative potential — without even lifting a paintbrush.

How hockey culture scores a hat trick of injustice, homophobia, and romanticism

Canada's game has an ice-cold locker room SIE DOUGLAS-FISH DESIGN DIRECTOR TW: This article discusses sexual assault and LGBTQIA2S+ and racial harassment. When you wear a team’s jersey, a player’s name and a number, you’re advertising that organization. That person. You’re promoting them. You want to look up to them, with pride and faith: that kid wearing a McDavid or Crosby jersey isn’t thinking about anything other than their on-ice splendor. Many will tell you that’s the ideal, to never meet your heroes and never separate the player from the performance. Hockey is Canada’s game; many children here grew up skating before walking, shooting pucks and dreaming of the big leagues or cheering from their couches. Even me. It’s a familiarity in most households, and Canadians look at our hockey legacies with admiration and patriotism. But so many of those same people are completely oblivious to, or ignore, the filth that oozes from the locker room, onto the ice, and into the “hockey bro” minds and mouths of young men. In early December, 2021, the Chicago Blackhawks organization came to a settlement with the lawyer of former Blackhawks player Kyle Beach regarding a sexual assault lawsuit during the team’s 2010 Stanley Cup run. Beach alleges he was not only threatened and harassed physically and mentally by his own assistant coach but completely sidelined by his teammates — they ignored his suffering, some excusing it to focus on their team’s advancement but also directly contributing to it with anti-gay slurs and berating him. Some players even claimed the events to be unknown to them afterwards.

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Graphic by Sie Douglas-Fish.

The very brothers he found on the ice turned on him, acting dumb in favour of a hunk of metal. Following the public release of the alleged acts against Beach, many Blackhawks fans became understandably appalled and announced disgust with the organization, ceasing their support. But Beach’s case is not an isolated one and never has been. T h e re i s a c u r re n t o n g o i n g investigation into several sexual assault cases involving the 2018 World Juniors Canada men’s team as well. This incident has been horribly handled and reported on by Hockey Canada, according to the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) which holds the tournament.

With the 2022 tournament now over, Team Canada experienced low turnout from fans concerned with high ticket prices and the reputation of their formerly-beloved national team. Many corporations such as Tim Hortons also withdrew their monetization of the tournament. Minister for Sport of Canada, Pascale St-Onge, is demanding Hockey Canada reevaluate their handling of sexual assault, and for the hockey world to take a good look at themselves and strive for change. Fast. And it better. As an LGBTQIA2S+ hockey fan, rich corporations such as the National Hockey League (NHL) and Hockey Canada are terrifying: the locker rooms, stadiums, and even online forums are still very unsafe. The same goes for many

fans and players of colour. These are just two recent examples of an endless list of social injustices that are dominant and even encouraged in hockey. But we are improving. During the 2022 Stanley Cup Playoffs, the National Hockey League Players’ Association (NHLPA) released a statement regarding racist comments directed at Colorado Avalanche’s Nazem Kadri and his family following the Avs’ third game against the St. Louis Blues. In response, the Kadri family was presented with kind words and support during the following games, posters reading “I STAND WITH NAZ." Colorado — joined by the other playoff teams — later initiated a three-day pause to learn about racial injustice and promote equality in their fandom and spaces.

On July 19, 2021, Luke Prokop (a prospect of the Nashville Predators) became the first NHL-contracted player to come out as gay. Mind you, he isn’t the first gay hockey player to exist and his openness is directly reflective of our current progress as a society and culture. Prokop will, for sure, be an inspiration for many growing queer hockey players and fans, an example of the hockey community doing something right. Another example is pride nights; in 2013, the Florida Panthers were the first team to hold a pride night in the NHL. During the 2021–22 season, all 32 teams had their respective celebrations. Of the large-stage men's sports leagues in North America (MLB, NFL, NBA, MLS, and NHL), the NHL is the only sport to have every team participating so far. Major League Soccer seems to be right behind. The normalization of the sexist, homophobic, partying, and racist vernacular and ideology in hockey locker rooms is corrupting the minds of players and “professionals” in extremely well-funded, romanticized positions who act as children’s role models and influence adults’ betting and personalities. Not only do we as fans have the responsibility to research and support ethical practice, but these players and organizations also have the responsibility to handle injustices fairly, seriously, and with proof that they truly care about their fellow players, staff, and fans. The hockey world is starting to change for the better, but it isn’t enough.


Let us not direct our anger towards survivors after papal visit

All survivors’ reactions to Pope's apology are valid BOSTON LAFERTÉ SENIOR STAFF WRITER On July 24, Pope Francis finally arrived in Canada to issue an official apology to Indigenous people. Even before he came, the visit has been rife with controversy and full of disagreement. From headdresses to ignored doctrines, there has been plenty about his visit for people to be upset about. Not even a month after the Pope’s visit, an extremely prominent cardinal from Quebec, Marc Ouellet, was named in an investigation into sexual misconduct in the church. Ouellet accompanied the Pope this July on his visit. Though he arrived on the 24th, the Pope did not speak publicly until the next day when he was in Maskwacis, Alberta at a previous residential school location. The gathering began with a grand entry of chiefs, and a welcome from Chief Wilton Littlechild. In Maskwacis, the Pope, in front a crowd of politicians, survivors, and delegates, finally issued an official apology on Indigenous land. “Today I am here, in this land that, along with its ancient memories, preserves the scars of s t i l l o p e n w o u n d s . I a m h e re because the first step of my penitential pilgrimage among you is that of again asking forgiveness, of telling you once more that I am deeply sorry.” When the Pope finished his apology, a transcript of which can be found online, Chief W ilton Littlechild and other community members presented the Pope with a headdress. Many people had a problem with this gift. A nehiyâw s i n g e r re p r i m a n d e d t h e P o p e directly after to the tune of "O Canada," and crowd members can be heard screaming things such as “you’re a snake,” and “repudiate the doctrine of discovery,” with many more tweeting during and after the event. Chief Littlechild faced a great deal of online hate for this action, though some came to his defense, like Indigenous reporter Brandi Morin.

Photo by Ashwin Vaswani via Unsplash.

“I remind people who are attacking Chief Wilton Littlechild, former Truth and Reconciliation Commissioner & residential school survivor for gifting Pope Francis with a headdress- he is a survivor who has been through trauma & is being ambushed with hate- he is a survivor already,” Morin tweeted. Morin had the opportunity to briefly interview Littlechild on the hate he has since received. In the brief interview, Littlechild says that because his community was chosen for the visit, the community decided “in our tradition, we should offer a gift, and usually a person of his stature of honour, we present a headdress.” From Maskwacis, Pope Francis held a mass in Edmonton at the Commonwealth Stadium on the 26. D u r i n g h i s h o m i l y, t h e P o p e focussed on not forgetting history, but moving forward in a good way,

and creating a just society. The Pope then joined the annual Lac St. Anne pilgrimage, where he focused on the power of water both to Indigenous people and Christians, as well as the importance of Indigenous women in community. On the 28th, the Pope was in Quebec City where he held another holy mass. This mass was the site of a silent protest, where two activists, Sarain Fox and her cousin Chelsea Brunelle, went to the altar and unfurled a banner that read “rescind the doctrine.” Despite repeated calls, the doctrine of discovery was not referenced in the second homily either. The next day, the Pope travelled to Iqaluit, where he again publicly apologized, and met with children and residential school survivors, before getting on a flight back to the Vatican.

It was not until the plane ride back that the Pope addressed this key issue. Ka’nhehsí:io Deer asked the Pope about the doctrine in a press conference on the plane back to Rome, and, though he didn’t talk of rescinding it, he did say it is bad. “This doctrine of colonization. It’s true: it’s bad, it’s unjust, and it’s still used today,” the Pope said. The Pope also acknowledged that the actions against Indigenous people by the church were genocide in response to another reporter’s question. A visit of this level is extremely complex, and of course is going to have very different reactions and feelings from people. But every viewpoint coming from survivors is valid and right. For some, the papal visit meant a great deal, as was evident from the many times that the CBC camera operators zoomed in on weeping Elders during the apologies.


Happy? Sad? Enraged? Tell us:

But for some survivors, it brought up a great deal of religious and other trauma and only left them with anger. That, too, is a correct viewpoint. Let us not direct our anger towards survivors like Chief Littlechild, but to the institutions that continue to operate on the backs of marginalized people. Let us take our energy and not squabble amongst ourselves but direct it towards attaining true justice. An apology is a first step, and there is still a great deal of work to do.

Will return!

The Martlet has an open letter policy and will endeavour to publish letters received from the university and local community. Letters must be submitted by email,

include your real name and affiliation to UVic, and have “Letter to the editor” in the subject line. Letters must be under 200 words and may be edited.

AUGUST 25TH, 2022 //



A brief history of artificial intelligence

Before modern AI technology, ancient philosophers mythologized about creating intelligent life JONAS BURO CONTRIBUTING WRITER Since the dawn of antiquity, humankind has pondered on creating intelligent life. We are captivated by the idea that we could bring into the world an artificial intelligence (AI) that surpasses our own. The holy grail of modern computer science research is to invent such an entity, known as artificial general intelligence. Computer scientists speculate that this critical moment of creation, known in the literature as the singularity, would create a positive feedback loop in which the entity rapidly improves itself. If kept under human control, this creation has the potential to be the last invention we ever need to make, potentially ushering in a new age of prosperity for our species. Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google, speculates that this would fundamentally alter the human experience more so than fire or electricity. But, is this AI utopia even attainable, or is it just wishful thinking by a creature with an inflated God complex? How did we even come to imagine AI in this way? The thinkers of old — although lacking in the means to formalize — let alone build such intelligence, philosophized about creation at great length. In ancient Greece, myths were told which describe such AIs. At the time, these stories fell purely into the realm of absurdity, but in our day and age are increasingly within reach. For instance, Daedalus, a mythical Greek inventor and architect, crafted living bronze sculptures which

exhibited human-like behaviour and emotions. These so-called automatons, which had minds of their own, were the subject of debate by Greek scholars. Similarly to some modern artificial intelligence ethicists, they stressed that such robots must always remain under human control, lest they band together and revolt against us. Aristotle, the first to formulate laws governing the rational part of the mind, also showed an interest in these machines. He speculated in Politics that the only condition that would rid the world of slavery is the introduction of intelligent automata which relieve humanity of tedious work. Many other civilizations, such as the ancient Egyptians, had their own stories and ideas about automatons. These olden myths and their analyses staked out concepts surrounding artificial intelligence, planting the seed of AI in the mind of man long ago, but it wasn't until much later that humanity developed the tools and methods of reasoning which might allow it to sprout. A r m e d w i t h c o n c e p t s f ro m mathematics and the first programmable digital computers, the field of modern AI research was born in Dartmouth in the 1950’s. U.S. researchers interested in the study of intelligence congregated for a much anticipated two-month workshop, laying the foundations for perhaps humanity’s greatest vision. Building on the conjecture that “every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can be in principle so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it,” John McCarthy invited a diverse group of cutting edge research scientists

Computer-generated art from the sentence “University of Victoria from above in the style of Picasso's Starry Night" (DALL-E), provided by Jonas Buro.

spanning fields such as complexity theory, neural networks, learning machines, and computational science to partake in an event which would radically impact the entire scientific community. This gathering, among other things, hoped to address the implications of a fascinating trend; evidence was starting to mount that computing power was doubling about every two years, a phenomenon later coined as Moore’s Law. This trend was what computer scientists had been waiting for: computational hardware power

had begun its rapid ascent, promising greater access to faster computational resources for their many algorithms and ideas. Finally, the opportunity had come to put to the test the many theories which had accumulated over the centuries. Although visionary and influential, the conference did not deliver immediate game-changing results. The stars hadn’t yet aligned; computing power was still very much in its infancy, with CPUs clocking in on the megahertz scale and having less memory available

than the equivalent of a modern text document. It would take several plagued decades wrought with over-promising, under-delivering, funding droughts, and fundamental shifts in approach to transform the budding research area into what it is today — a multi-billion dollar endeavour. Although we still have yet to create a general artificial intelligence, we have made incredible leaps forward in narrow artificial intelligence. Unlike the before-mentioned artificial general intelligence, the goal of narrow AI is to complete a single or small group of tasks which require some degree of intelligence, such as language translation or image recognition. These narrow AIs are embedded within our society at every level, from healthcare applications, to recommendation systems on social media, to national defense. The world as we know it is being shaped by these systems. The increasing computational power and availability of digital information in this age of big data has allowed one particular model, the artificial neural network, to flourish. Loosely based on the synaptic connections in our brains, these networks allow computers to recognize patterns and solve problems. It remains to be seen whether these models are sufficient to take AI to the next level, or if a new innovation will pave the way. Either way, computer scientists, such as those at Canada’s national AI institutes, are continuing to strive for what we have always pondered — can we create artificial life?

In review: Ms. Marvel is a revolutionary TV series for the brown community

This latest Marvel series is breaking down racial barriers in the Marvel cinematic universe RAHEEM UZ ZAMAN VOLUNTEER STAFF WRITER Representation matters. From my perspective, that is the message Marvel is embracing with the introduction of the Ms. Marvel superhero character and TV series. For far too long, Muslims, especially South Asian Muslims, have been portrayed in a harmful and toxic manner in the American film-making industry. Thus, it is good to see new shows like Ms. Marvel where Muslims are not t o x i c a l l y m i s re p re s e n t e d a n d stereotyped. Instead, in this show, Muslims are valorized and celebrated. Ms. Marvel is not only groundbreaking because Kamala Khan, played by Iman Vellani, is the first-ever Muslim superhero, but directors and writers like Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy and Bisha K. Ali are Muslims of Pakistani origin as well. Ms. Marvel represents a series made and set in the United States where the brown community can showcase their acting and film-making prowess. No one could have imagined a decade or even half a decade ago that a brown Pakistani-Canadian woman would be a Marvel superhero. Some people may erroneously argue this is tokenism by Marvel, but I think it is a step in the right direction as Marvel is embracing the notion of representation. Ms. Marvel is a BIPOC main character in Marvel, something that has been lacking in the Marvel cinematic universe until recently.

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As for the first half of season one of Ms. Marvel, there is an apparent imbalance between the portrayal of Pakistani culture and action-packed scenes — the former overpowering the latter. However, this is understandable as it is vital to share Pakistani culture with the masses who have limited knowledge about this country in South Asia. I believe this approach was the only way to showcase Pakistan in a positive light in the show. Almost all the Pakistani culture exhibited in Ms. Marvel is accurate. The 'Aunties' (a group of gossiping, busybody, middle-aged women), the insecurities teenage girls face as a result of the clash between Muslim culture and North American social norms, and wedding dances to Bollywood songs are all true. However, there is one cringe-worthy moment in the first episode, which is not entirely accurate. Kamala’s father Yusuf (Mohan Kapur) storms into Kamala’s room and screams “Chak De Phatte” at the top of his lungs. This phrase, except maybe in some parts of Indian and Pakistani Punjab, is not frequently said in Pakistan. Don't get me wrong. I am not saying there is no action in the first half of Ms. Marvel; it just seems less than what you might expect in a typical Marvel movie or series. However, it is salient to note the significance of expressing Pakistani culture and the development of Ms. Marvel’s polymorphous powers, which overshadow much of the action in the

first half of the series. More specifically, the first half of the season forgoes using action sequences as a hook in favour of exposing us to Kamala’s personal life. Do not worry action junkies, there are plenty of action-packed scenes with cars blowing up and people getting injured in the second half. Towards the end of the third episode, Kamala fights the Djinn — nonhumans that belong to another dimension. The Djinn want to take Ms. Marvel’s bangle, the source of her superhero powers, by force so they can return to their realm. However, Kamala manages to fend them off. Plenty of action takes place in the fourth episode, shot in Karachi, Pakistan, where fights between Kamala and the Djinn are blended well with the scenery of Karachi. In another scene in the final episode of season one, Ms. Marvel and her friends fight the Department of Damage Control. During this confrontation, Ms. Marvel discovers she has the ability to embiggen and shapeshift. This was the moment Kamala realized the true scope of her abilities. Furthermore, I believe it is important to note that this scene reflects Ms. Marvel's character development — from a teenage girl tired of gender inequality in her household and community to a woman who is independent and capable of defending herself.

A digital promotional poster of Ms. Marvel via Marvel Studios.

Racial and gender equity is imperative in the Marvel cinematic universe. The creation of the Ms. Marvel series shows that Marvel is taking care to move in that direction. IMDb rates season one of Ms. Marvel at a shockingly low 6.2/10. Why is this show rated so low? My answer to this question is, unfortunately, people are just not used to seeing a brown Muslim woman of Pakistani origin as a superhero. Marvel, historically, has been white-centric, and most people, especially older white people who are

used to seeing white superheroes in Marvel comics and movies, want it to remain that way. However, I am hopeful that this backward-thinking mentality will change, and fans of the Marvel franchise will fully embrace a woman of colour as a superhero. Change never comes easily and quickly, but slowly and organically. Considering the social and gender barriers that season one of Ms. Marvel breaks down, I will give it an outstanding 9/10 — contrary to the egregiously low score on IMDb.


In review: Official Competition is a comedy that never really ends

The 2021 movie about making a movie featuring Penélope Cruz and Antonio Banderas falls flat BRIANNA BOCK VOLUNTEER STAFF WRITER Humberto Suárez, a millionaire, has just turned 80. Now facing his own mortality, he decides to make a movie to help cement his legacy as someone worth remembering. To ensure that the movie is objectively great, he purchases the copyright of a Nobelwinning novel, and hires the eccentric director Lola Cuevas (Penélope Cruz), stage actor Iván Torres (Oscar Martínez), and international superstar Félix Rivero (Antonio Banderas). It was either that or building a bridge. Official Competition, directed by Mariano Cohn and Gastón Duprat, is a comedy about making movies. Movies about movies have the tendency to be pretentious, just think of the dozens of Oscar-bait movies about how hard it is to work in Hollywood. What saves Official Competition from navel gazing is that this movie isn’t about the philosophical

nature of art, or about how hard it is to create. It’s about ego-obsessed characters trying to justify their own philosophies to each other and themselves. But the egos of the characters end up being both the movie’s greatest strength and its greatest weakness. The inciting incident sees Humberto, played by José Luis Gómez, trying to make a movie simply in order to make himself feel better. Cruz's character Lola comes up with elaborate ‘exercises’ for the two actors to do to make them connect with the characters more in script readings before shooting, such as hanging a giant rock over them or throwing trophies into a shredder. Martínez plays your standard pretentious stage actor who thinks himself above it all, and wants an Oscar only so he can turn it down. Banderas as Félix is an unapologetically selfabsorbed superstar. Out of the core cast, Félix is the most honest.

All the characters constantly talk about their philosophies during the script reading, but the two actors are subtly trying to one-up each other. Lola insists her exercises will help the actors with their characters, despite them being professionals who know what they’re doing. She even uses an exercise as an excuse to make out with Humberto’s daughter. It’s engaging and funny at times to see these characters fight with each other as their professionalism begins to crack, but at the end of the movie it feels like the emotional payoff falls flat. But that’s the point of the movie. Without going too deep into spoilers, Official Competition has multiple endings. There are several points where the movie could have ended and it would have felt satisfying. But instead it lingers, showing the aftermath of the movie, which hampers the emotional payoff where the movie parallels the movie within the movie.

Screenshot sourced from Toronto International Film Festival website (

It ends on a close-up of Lola’s face explaining that a movie “never really ends.” Sure, I get what Official Competition is saying, but it feels like it's extending the point long after it has been made. It can definitely be argued that this movie is poking fun at pretentious filmmaking, but it keeps veering closer and closer to being pretentious itself.

It reaches a point where there’s nothing left to be made fun of as the movie tries to earn its ending. All in all, Official Competition is well-shot, well-acted, well-made satire that falls flat at the end. In other words, it’s a movie about making movies.


Seven books you can still read before the end of summer

Whether you’re a fan of sci-fi, nonfiction, or romance, there's something for everyone ASHLEE LEVY SENIOR STAFF WRITER

Cover sourced from Orbit Books.

of four families in the suburb of Shaker Heights. The story of a mysterious fire unfolds while issues of race and class are explored. After you’re finished, be sure to check out the Amazon Prime TV series adaptation of the book.

Summer may be almost over, but there’s still time to pick up a great book before the back-to-school grind starts again. Whether you’re looking for something light to pack in your beach bag this labour day weekend, or a book to broaden your perspective, this list has something for everyone. Here are seven books that you can still enjoy before the end of the summer.


THE FIFTH SEASON, N.K. JEMISIN The Fifth Season follows multiple POVs that explore the world of orogenes — a powerful but oppressed class of people who can shift the Earth’s tectonic plates. If you’re looking to start a new series before the summer is over, The Broken Earth trilogy is a great choice. The first book in this sci-fi/fantasy series will keep you turning the pages and rushing out to buy the second book.

Cover sourced from Penguin Random House.

If you’re interested in reading a unique memoir before the end of summer, this one’s for you. In the Dream House details author Carmen Maria Machado’s experience in an abusive same-sex relationship. Each chapter, however, uses a different narrative trope, such as the unreliable narrator, to explore different aspects of the relationship. The interesting format adds even more depth to a heart-wrenching, yet beautiful story.

City of Girls takes place in 1940s New York City and pulls you into the vibrant world of theatre and showgirls. This novel is the perfect balance of light summer fun mixed with an emotional and moving story. You’ll fall in love with each one of the characters and find yourself unable to put it down.


BOOK LOVERS, EMILY HENRY If you’re looking for a more lighthearted book to finish off the summer break with, Emily Henry has you covered. This charming romance is the perfect addition to your beach bag. It follows a young literary agent who travels to a small town to complete a bucket list of romance novel tropes at the behest of her concerned sister. If you’re a fan of Hallmark Christmas Cover sourced from Penguin Random House.

Cover sourced from Graywolf Press.


CITY OF GIRLS, ELIZABETH GILBERT Cover sourced from Bloomsbury Publishing.

Tiny Beautiful Things is a collection of entries from the advice column Dear Sugar written by Cheryl Strayed who is best known for her memoir Wild. This book will make you laugh and cry. Both the questions and Strayed’s responses are beautiful, vulnerable, and thoughtful. Even if you can’t relate to the problems of each of the entries, this book will inspire you to be a better, more compassionate person.

Cover sourced from

movies, you’ll love this book.

LITTLE FIRES EVERYWHERE, CELESTE NG If you’re looking for a book so good you'll finish it in one sitting, this might be for you. In Little Fires Everywhere, Celeste Ng weaves together the stories

If you’ve outgrown young adult fiction but don’t feel quite ready to tackle the adult section, An Absolutely Remarkable Thing is a great halfway point. This fastmoving sci-fi novel follows characters in their early twenties with the pacing of a YA novel. The book tackles important conversations about fame and the internet in a light-hearted and humorous setting that anyone can enjoy.

Cover sourced from Penguin Random House.

Whether you opt for fantasy, nonfiction, romance, or literary fiction, each of these books would be a great read to end your summer. Head to your local bookstore or public library to pick one up and enjoy!

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The Martlet’s beginner’s guide to biking

Master your campus commute or take to the trails with this how-to guide for new cyclists SARAH ROBERTS CONTRIBUTING WRITER With UVic’s BikeHub reopening this summer, and parking fees at an all-time high, it’s never been a better time to get around Victoria on two wheels. The saying goes “it's just like riding a bike," but for first-time riders or those getting back in the saddle after a long break, cycling can seem anything but simple. We’ve compiled this guide for choosing the right bike, what equipment you need, and what to wear for a smooth ride to campus this September. A used bike is a great choice, saving you cash and a bike from the landfill in the process. Some places to search are specialist bicycle shops, garage sales, online marketplaces such as Facebook, and even some thrift stores. Look for a hybrid model — these beginner-friendly bikes combine the speed and light weight of a road bike with the suspension and comfort of a mountain bike. They are versatile and suitable for roads and most trails. To find out which size you need, a quick Google search brings up sizing guides by height or inside leg measurement. As different manufacturers, makes, and models vary, it's best to shop around and sit on a few bicycles to see what works for you.

You should be able to reach the floor with both feet while sitting in the saddle, but not completely flat-footed. (Think tiptoes, like a ballerina). Keep a slight bend in your elbows when reaching for the handlebars. If you have to straighten your arms or strain to reach, it's likely the frame is too big for your body. Sometimes we are blinded by a bargain! Minor scrapes and scratches can be expected when it comes to buying pre-loved bikes but check the frame tubes for cracks or dents as these red flags could indicate more serious damage. Before you go anywhere, take your new wheels to a cycle shop or the UVic BikeHub for a maintenance check and tune­-up. For a fee, a professional can look over major components such as brakes, chains, and pedals to ensure your bike is ready to ride. Be sure to check any bike you find from a non-official seller or road side against the police department’s registry: 529 Garage. You can use their service to search for the make, model, and/or location and reunite the bicycle with its owner if it was reported stolen. It’s also free to register your own bike with this service, making it quicker and easier to report any loss or theft to Victoria PD.

For the commitment-phobes among us, renting is a great compromise. Several bicycle stores in Victoria offer short-term loans, including Cycle BC (Humboldt Street), Oak Bay Bicycles (Oak Bay Avenue), and The Pedaler (Bellevue Avenue). If you're looking to keep your ride throughout the semester, the UVic BikeHub program loans used bikes that have been refurbished by their team for one or more terms. There are a plethora of extra gadgets, tools, and knick-knacks available to riders, which can leave even the most seasoned cyclist confused. Whether you plan to ride on or off-road, helmets are the number one accessory and a legal requirement in B.C. You will also need a front white light and a red rear reflector or light. Always check that your lights or reflectors aren’t obstructed by any equipment or bags before you set off. Other essentials for your kit should include a sturdy u-lock, portable bike pump, a patch kit for emergency punctures, cable ties to tighten up loose parts on-the-go, electrical tape for wheel tears, and a spare inner tube for bigger punctures. Don’t forget to bring plenty of water and a carbohydrate-rich snack such as an apple or a granola bar.

Photo by Dó Castle via

You don’t have to wear a full lycra bodysuit (unless you want to), and can opt for fitted and comfortable clothing such as shorts or leggings in a moisturewicking fabric. If you plan to go for long rides, you can also invest in bottoms with an extra padded lining, known as a "chamois” for comfort around the inner thighs and groin. A light rain jacket that is small enough to roll up in your pack is also a great option, especially in Victoria! Clothing with bright colors or reflective strips will also help improve your visibility to vehicles.

Now you’re ready to hit Victoria’s beautiful trails or glide up to campus with confidence and ease. Further resources include British Columbia's BikeSense Guide to brush up on best practices and safety tips (available at, and the Capital Regional District’s Cycle Map to plan your next route.

Vikes men's soccer begins season under new coach

Vikes alumnus and head coach Larry Stefanek looking to build team culture this year ISABELLA KENNEDY EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

For the first time in 34 years the Vikes men's soccer team has run out onto the pitch under new leadership. Vikes soccer alumnus Larry Stefanek has taken over as the official head coach of the Vikes men's team, following in the footsteps of revered coach and player Bruce Wilson who retired this past December. The team started preseason training Aug. 2 and will play their first official game at the end of August. "We are off to a good start," Stefanek told the Martlet after the team won their first two preseason games. "The guys came in really fit and ready to go and eager. It's a really good group." No stranger to leading a university team, Stefanek came to the Vikes after four successful seasons heading the Vancouver Island University (VIU) men's program where he earned PacWest Coach of the Year in 2019. Stefanek also has a Bachelor and Master of Education, and was an associate coach for the Vancouver Whitecaps FC from 2015–2018. He played under Wilson

from 1989–1992, earning CIS AllCanadian and Canada West All-Star honours. "Obviously U Sports is a whole other level, it's a step up," said Stefanek about his transition from the VIU Mariners to the Vikes program. "It's a full-time very prestigious program here at UVic that Bruce has established for many years and the people before him … it's just a different mentality." Stefanek hopes to cultivate a strong culture with the team this season to build results off of. Part of that goal means collaborating with the players and building a reciprocal relationship. "I like to be a transformational-type leader and not an authoritarian dictator so much," said Stefanek. "I do like to talk to the players and see what they think as well after games, before trainings, after trainings, and get their ideas because they are sources of knowledge as well." Looking ahead to the season, Stefanek said the team has some work to do attacking at the net and hopes that a couple strong goal scorers will start to step up on the team. He said they've also brought on a few players that were redshirted last season,

Jose Sagaste, photo provided by UVic Vikes.

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meaning they didn't lose a year of eligibility, and picked up a couple strong recruits. "It's a fantastic group of guys, and they're really good students, they're really good footy players, and they are good character guys," said Stefanek. "Some of those older guys … are really good leaders and I think they are going to be really positive with younger players." With a couple key players graduating after taking the team to their first U Sport national championships since 2015 last year, fourth year defender Rees Goertzen said the team is coming together under the new coaching. "There are some good players stepping up and some youngsters who are hungry to prove themselves," said Goertzen. "As a team we really seem to be gelling well." The psychology student was drafted by the Pacific FC, the Canadian Premier League team based out of Langford, in January and is expected to be a leader for the Vikes this season. Goertzen said his goals are to play clean games at the back, score some goals, and get wins. "I think the whole team is really buying into what the new coaches have been laying out for us," said Goertzen. "Every day they are coming in with a very structured plan and we're very happy about that." The Vikes went 6–3–3 in conference play last season, with Wilson taking home U Sport Coach of the Year and two players, Evan Libke and Isaac Koch, earning All-Canada honours. The team brought home the silver medal from the Canada West Championships and won the Canada West Fair Play award which is given yearly to the least penalized team in conference play. The Vikes will play their first home game on Friday, Sept. 9 against the University of the Fraser Valley Cascades at Centennial Stadium after a bout of away games for their first two weekends of the season.


Vikes summer rowing club brings home gold from the Royal Canadian Henley Regatta

Head Coach Jane Gumley talks summer wins and the upcoming season MANMITHA DEEPTHI CONTRIBUTING WRITER

One of the most prestigious events for rowers across Canada began earlier this month at the Royal Canadian Henley Regatta in St. Catharines, Ontario. This was the first time since 2019 that athletes got to put their rowing skills into action due to the pandemic. The 138th year of the Henley regatta was memorable for the UVic Vikes summer rowing club. The women's team won four gold medals and the men's team won three gold medals. As the club, the Vikes came in second place for the Efficiency Trophy. "I think it's just a summer of hard work really paid off," said Jane Gumley, the Vikes women's rowing program's new head coach. The former Vike started as the interim coach for the Vikes in June of 2021, navigating the sails on a stormy boat during the pandemic. At that time, she had a very welcoming summer club training group that was smaller than usual due to COVID-19. With athletes returning in late August, last year's season saw 11 fresh first-year student athletes brought on to grow the program and ensure its future success. Gumley’s personal goal for her first season as interim coach was to give the athletes a sense of normalcy with the pandemic still ongoing, especially since there were around six graduating athletes on the team. After a whirlwind year, Gumley is now entering her first season as the official head coach of the Vikes Women's rowing program and, as she said, a summer of hard work has undoubtedly paid off for the team at the Henley regatta.

Photo by Royal Henley Regatta, provided by UVic Vikes.

A large summer club group was formed this year, consisting of 24 athletes and three coxies. Each one of the athletes pushed the limits with their vigorous summer work-outs and, with the help of their coaches, the women brought home gold in the senior eight, the U23 lightweight pair, the lightweight four, and the U23 pair. The secret behind their success lies in the training during the summer, which is always a challenge due to work schedules, said Gumley. “We could only do one structure training session a day to make sure people had enough time to go work,"

said Gumley. "We have done a lot more volume training as opposed to high intensity training. The goal of the summer is generally to build a big aerobic base. So we focused on a decent amount of that for the summer, and then getting into term we will do a bit more of the fine tuning with the high intensity training.” There is always the challenge of balancing life, school, and the rowing program's busy schedule, so teaching the athletes the skill of finding balance in all the different aspects of life is key, said Gumley.

Once graduated, students tend to move on due to the rigorous nature of the sport. However, Gumley said there is a strong group of alumni, and every year new graduates join this group and help out by volunteering at regattas. Moving forward the team looks very strong both mentally and physically. “It is hard to rally yourself to do a second session in a day a lot of the time but seeing them being able to do that gives me a lot of hope and encouragement that the season is going to go pretty well,” said

Gumley, who strongly believes in the team's ability to succeed. Looking back at the history of the Henley regatta, the first championship for the newly formed Canadian Amateur Rowing Association took place in Toronto in 1880. The venues for the Canadian Henley Regatta kept changing up until 1903, when it was decided that St. Catharines Rowing Club would host this event permanently, holding it at St. Catharines Port Dalhousie’s Martindale Pond. The women's rowing club at UVic has a legacy of its own. Starting out in 1972, the novice rowing athletes built up a solid foundation within a few years. Some of those first Vikes went on to win Canada's first international medal in women's rowing in 1977. With 55 women from the Vikes program going on to become Olympians, the success of the UVic women's rowing is astounding. From national to Olympic medals, the Vikes rowers have left an inspiring legacy of success and camaraderie. This year marks the 50th anniversary for the women's rowing team. The team will be celebrating their legacy starting with the Captains Barbeque on Sept. 2 at the Centennial Stadium. Many rowing alumni are coming back in full force a n d a re e x t re m e l y e x c i t e d t o celebrate and contribute towards their rowing community.




Periodically showcasing the skills of UVic creators

Any form of art can be accepted (painting, poetry, photography, drawing, etc.)

email This month's artlet is

Sie Douglas-Fish third-year published illustrator, digital painter, and Martlet design director @siemingly

t @sieminglyy


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In Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, Indiana learns that he has become one Containing copper Cargo's place "____ Lisa" Half a marriage? Biblical pronoun Incense, in a sense Program that analyzes the structure of input Be bothered by Zoo animals Lists Building that houses UVic's computer science and civil engineering departements Jiffy Some STEM degs. Sing the praises of Arrowroot or tapioca, basically Traveler's approx. Part of a wristwatch Hiccup cure, it's said ___-de-sac Deals in Span's partner Iridescent gem With 67-Across, Blackmail note, maybe Water bottle confiscators, for short Like a forger or a peppered moth Egg cream ingredient Choose Inventor dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park" 0, at 0° Type of bread or whiskey Cheese go-with Serve well? What one may take advil for See 47-Across Breakout of a sort Obama's birthplace Oxford bottom "Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go" band Crater lake's state What an usher ushers you to When one has exceptionally good cards in Euchre, one can choose to play Undiluted Another name for sailors

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Priyanka Chopra became one in 2022 Bird with a reduplicative name Mystery writer, for short Macabre Imitators Faithless Each Microprocessor designed to perform a smaller number of types of computer instructions Notions Island in the Discovery Islands archipelago Web designer's code Home of Cincinnati Pine (for) Clothing, informally Some are shockers? ____ of the Apostles Look good on Without reason Deli slice Valleys Summer coolers, for short Vulture, e.g. Fried chicken option Goddess of witchcraft They're shown by X's, O's and arrows Arrangement of parallel bands Fleur-de-___ What one's shoulders might be doing while looking at a computer What a person who's out may be in Colleague Some chips Nautical map Partner of hems Bounce of the walls Fussy in the extreme Brief how-to Water pitcher Toward the dawn Region Old imperial title Hardens Fourth word of the Star Wars prologue



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EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Isabella Kennedy DESIGN DIRECTOR Sie Douglas-Fish

I spy three cats, at the front and the back, one in the middle, and a specific type of track. I spy one father, and three eats in there (the puzzle), the black dot on zits, a butt on a chair. I spy one mother, a grip on your brain, three greek letters and the highest (or lowest) spade.


SENIOR STAFF WRITERS Boston Laferté, Ashlee Levy


VOLUNTEER STAFF WRITERS Brianna Bock, Raheem Uz Zaman

CONTRIBUTORS Jonas Buro, Manmitha Deepthi, Kristen de Jager, Meghan Molnar, Sarah Roberts, Chris Sheaff, Caroline Tucker

SENIOR STAFF EDITOR Aidan Nelson-Sandmark




For answers and how to win a prize, visit

The Martlet Publishing Society is an incorporated B.C. society and operates based on our Statement of Principles. We strive to act as an agent of constructive social change and will not publish racist, sexist, homophobic or otherwise oppressive copy.


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Our paper is written and published on the unceded lands of the Lekwungen peoples, and the Songhees, Esquimalt and WSÁNEĆ peoples whose historical relationships with the land continue to this day.

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AUGUST 25TH, 2022

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