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As long as human beings gather and disseminate news and information, objectivity is an unrealizable dream. – Richard Taflinger

Break-in compromises personal information Files containing the personal banking information of university employees taken > KAILEY WILLETTS Sometime between Saturday, Jan. 7, and the morning of Sunday, Jan. 8, a break-in occurred at UVic’s Administrative Services Building. Several items were taken, including payroll information, such as employees’ personal banking information and social insurance numbers. The information was located inside a safe on a backup storage drive. UVic emailed approximately 11 000 past and present employees — including staff, faculty and work-study students — to alert them that their information may be compromised. According to Vice President of Finance and Operations Gayle Gorrill, people should be aware of two main risks. “One risk is related to banking information,” explains Gorrill, adding that the information taken is the same as the information contained on the bottom of a cheque such as branch and transit numbers. “The second is potential risk of identity theft, and that’s related to the social insurance number.” UVic is recommending people whose information was compromised contact their bank and credit agencies to let them know their information was taken. “Their bank will then give them advice around what they should do, and what they should do might be to close the account, might be to put a flag on the account, which means there’d be extra attention and due diligence if there’s any activity on the account,” explains Gorrill. Credit agencies will also be able to flag an account. UVic has contacted banks and credit unions to alert them of the break-in. While there is no evidence that any personal information has been used, Gorrill says the UVic administration is taking the compromise very seriously and encourages those affected to do so as well. Saanich Police Public Information Officer

Dean Jantzen says it does not appear the personal information was targeted. “This looks like a random chance or opportunistic-type crime, in that the thieves were likely targeting the safe itself, not any specific content,” he says. “In that, I mean they were rooting through the office, they see a safe and they took it with them, right? But they took it along with other stuff.” The Administrative Services Building was broken into using forced entry on a main floor door with a tool. “Once inside the administrative building, there was one particular wing that was targeted and several locked offices were entered, again with force,” says Jantzen. “Once inside these offices, there was force used into locked drawers and locked cabinets and stuff like that. And along with the typical items that were taken were things like computers, small electronics and some cash. And then, as luck would have it, there was a safe that was inside one of the cabinets. [It was] removed and was actually taken.” “It looks like the taking of this information was really just happenstance — your average sort of business break-in.” Jantzen says the police have collected some forensic evidence that has yet to be processed. “It’s sort of preliminary stages of the investigation, so nothing yet much to report.” UVic President David Turpin has commissioned a review of the university’s security measures. On Tuesday, Jan. 10, the Professional Employees Association sent out a press release calling on UVic to ensure safeguards are put in place so that a security breach does not happen again. Anyone who is on UVic’s payroll and may have had their personal information compromised can contact the university at 250-4724333 or

The Administrative Services building was the target of a weekend break-in on UVic’s campus.



Are you more likely to follow UVic soccer after Vikes’ CIS win?

Gavin Barrett UVic Men’s Soccer Team

Claudia Gaither Microbiology

Chris Stavast First Year

Lindsey Chant First Year

“A lot of us were really inspired. I have one more year. Of course a repeat would be awesome.”

“I didn’t know that they won. I don’t know. I don’t really follow soccer. But sure, I guess if I had known, then maybe.”

“Yes: I am more likely to follow UVic soccer. That game was really good.”

“I’m really a sports supporter already. But I guess if I weren’t, then yes, I would.”

January 12, 2012 MARTLET


Click here to follow @VicPDCanada How the Victoria Police Department is engaging with people via social media > JENNY BOYCHUK Five years ago, it might have been a novel idea to think about having a conversation with a cop on social media. Now the Victoria Police Department (VicPD), along with police departments across the country, are using social media as a tool to help further investigations, raise community awareness, engage with individuals, get facts out fast — and maybe even poke

social media may include a case with obvious humour attached to it. “We use YouTube and we have an operations blog that’s written by Deputy Chief John Ducker. The idea with the blog is to tell those stories that if we were sitting outside having a coffee and someone asked us to tell them a funny story about something that happened on the job — that’s how it’s written,” says Russell. A recent blog post that Russell shared on the VicPD Facebook feed read: “Kraft Dinner box weapon of choice.” “It’s written for the same reason that you would invite a cop to a party. The humour is certainly intended. It also doesn’t really fit with what we would normally put in a press release or something that we would talk about in traditional media,” says Russell. “We’re certainly not there trying to poke fun at anybody. It’s the realization that you have to take something from this job, and if you just saw everything as negative, then you’d be burning out left, right and center.” Although some might find it in bad taste, Aragon doesn’t see anything wrong with the police employing humour to connect with the community. “I think they’re trying to have a little bit of fun with it and trying to humanize themselves. I think from a municipal police force you will occasionally see light-hearted things,” says Aragon, who is actively engaged in social media and the community.

ous as last year’s murder on the Galloping Goose Trail in Victoria to identifying Vancouver rioters after the Stanley Cup Final last spring. “As far as the investigative role goes, it’s just another level and another layer of what our officers are able to put together for a file if a serious crime does happen. We ask for tips but still often ask that they be directly given to the officer in charge or Crime Stoppers, and we prefer not to have that information out in the public,” says Russell. “Investigators might know something and they might want to see who responds or what the responses are.” Officers have to use their discretion, notes Russell. “Someone might say, ‘Oh, it was Johnny Twofingers, let’s go after this guy.’ It could end up being someone who didn’t have anything to do with it,” he says . Aragon says that while she would like to know who stole UVic employee information from the UVic Administration building over the past weekend, there is a time and a place for the use of social media in investigations. “I want to know who has my bank information, I’m really pissed off about that — and if somebody saw something, please inform the police,” says Aragon. “When the police put out the link for rioters, I have mixed feelings about that because some of the photos aren’t really good photos and I imagine that some people would be queried by the police but be completely innocent and have an alibi. I think it can be useful

“They want to make sure that they have a connection with the community. If they have an occasional funny tweet, I think it’s really about their image.” Social media proved useful in cases as vari-

but it does give me pause.” Most members of the community use social media as a tool to engage with officers. But some use it in more controversial ways. “There are some people who treat it as an

anonymous posting board and put up whatever they want, but you deal with those on a case by case basis,” says Russell. “The laws still apply even though it’s in social media. We do have a code of conduct just like Facebook and so those messages are deleted with an explanation of why.” “We don’t allow that on our Facebook page, just as we wouldn’t allow that if you were talking to us in a gymnasium,” he added. Just because it’s social media, doesn’t mean

It’s written for the same reason you would invite a cop to a party. The humour is certainly intended. Michael Russell Constable, VicPD

a little fun here and there. “[Social media] is kind of twofold,” says VicPD Constable Michael Russell. “The first is that it’s kind of a community tool; we can communicate on a much larger scale and are able to have ongoing conversations pretty much any time of the day with anyone who is interested and has a question. It’s great to engage and talk to people directly and not have that message filtered through anything else.” “The other way is investigative. A lot of people will post something after a crime has happened and we’re looking for intelligence-gathering tips that can come out of it,” he adds. Russell, who is the officer behind the VicPD Facebook page and @vicpdcanada on Twitter, says the outreach he can achieve is vast in comparison to the past. “We have about 3 500 followers on Twitter now and almost 1 000 likes on Facebook. So the information we are able to put out there is something — I couldn’t ever hold a meeting where 4 500 people would come and I could talk directly to them about the things that matter to us and to the community,” he says. “We’re able to do that in a very efficient, quick manner and have a lot of fun doing it — it’s a very fun job to do.” UVic Political Science Professor and resident social media guru Janni Aragon says the VicPD tends to engage with people via social media. “They talk to people about other issues such as parking tickets and they’re really quick to respond and say, ‘Call this number and we’ll have a chat’. I think that’s useful for them to have a bit of a human presence and not just a security presence. That embodies what social media is about, which is engaging with people,” she says. Russell’s and other VicPD officers’ use of

it isn’t taken seriously. “We do have a social media policy” says Russell. “Everything that goes through social media goes through my office and Public Affairs. We do training with the officers before they go out, we talk to them about what’s appropriate and what’s not. Part of the policy does address tweeting as a member of the department on a personal level account and things that would be ambiguous like that, and just guidelines for officers to follow.” “There’s not a lot [of officers] who are really into the social media thing. There’s a few, but it’s honestly mostly me and the traffic sergeant,” he adds. Aragon sees one useful aspect of the police using social media as a way to engage with youth. “I’d like to see if there’s a way for them to reach out more to youth, and that would probably be on Facebook — especially considering how prevalent bullying is,” says Aragon. Social media can show that cops are people too. “Certainly we are very careful about what we say and what we put out, but I wouldn’t say that it’s so cut and dry. Part of what the community needs to see is that we actually have a personality, we are actually people, we can tell jokes and we can see the humour or sadness in a file,” says Russell. “It’s a tough challenge to tell the stories of business but show them with the empathy or the humour or different emotions that come along with dealing with it.” The VicPD tweets from @vicpdcanada and is on Facebook at Victoria Police Department. The Martlet is on Twitter too! Check us out @ themartlet for breaking news, story updates and general tomfoolery. Or like us on Facebook at MartletUVic. Or both!

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MARTLET January 12, 2012


This week in Martlet History run by students, for students all located in the SUB

> VANESSA HAWK JANUARY 14, 1966, “MUST GO OUT OF MIND TO KNOW WHO YOU ARE” In early 1966, the front page of the Martlet reported on a lecture by Dr. Richard Alpert, who spoke on the methods of use and associations of LSD. He advocated the drug as a “religious experience,” giving the user “the same visions as Christ” to some 400 students in the SUB. Described as a “one-time experimental psychologist,” Alpert claimed that under the influence of LSD, people experience altered perceptions of reality and self-concept and are better for it. He explained the sensation of being high on LSD and only mildly noted that some people react poorly to the drug. The Martlet mentioned the depressive side effects and noted that “others have disagreed with Alpert.” At the time of the campus lecture, Alpert had already been dismissed as a professor from Harvard for conducting unauthorized experiments with students and psychedelic drugs, along with his associate and friend Timothy Leary. On top of zealously advocating LSD, Leary coined the infamous catchphrase, “turn on, tune in, drop out” in 1967. While Dr. Richard Alpert became a spiritual teacher named “Ram Dass” following his trips to India, his namesake was propelled into pop culture when the “Lost” TV series introduced the ageless leader of the island’s Others as Richard Alpert.

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JANUARY 15, 2004, “’TO CHARLES, WITH LOVE’ IS MASTERFUL” When asked to think of celebrity sex symbols, Prince Charles is not the first to come to mind. For UVic visual arts student Beth Frey, however, the Prince’s sex appeal warranted an entire series of paintings featuring him in various scenes and poses. JANUARY 16, 1964, “SOCK LEAP” “He’s very dashing and has a unique look,” “Ugly girls” of 1964 rejoiced when the MartFrey said. “And he has a lot of passion. I wantlet put itself up as an escort service for the ed to show that side of him, the sexy side.” Sock Leap. Frey’s collection was considered well done, “Lucky ugly you: the fulfillment of your imaginative and received by the public with young scraghood is about to happen. The Friboth confusion and amusement. day, January 24 sock hop is going to be a sock Its over-the-top, obsessive nature made the LEAP, which means girl-ask-boy, scrag-askshow comical rather than stalker-esque. creep, or what have you. If you’re shy as well The show’s final piece makes this review as ugly, contact office 04 in the SUB, and a questionable, depicting Frey “clutching her virile hunk of man will be gotten for you. This breast and lifting her dress for Charles.” means, of course, that you pay his way to the While the collection is long gone from its dance, but isn’t it worth it, hags everywhere? 2004 post at Logan’s Pub, Frey was quoted Beautiful chicks can get their own men. AD Who Dec saying “I really feel the collection has just MARTLET 13 2011 says you can’t buy happiness — it takes but a started . . . there’s always more to get.” short visit to office 04 and/or 75 cents.”



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Trial lawyers fight to increase legal aid > SHANDI SHIACH The British Columbia Trial Lawyers Association (TLABC) withdrew duty council services last week in the first phase of a four-part, escalating protest for increased legal aid funding. In 2002, government funding for the Legal Services Society (LSS), the non-government operated non-profit that runs legal aid, went from a relative high of $88.3 million to $71.3 million. “In 2002,” says Paul Pearson, a member of the TLABC, “the slashing of the Legal Aid budget forced Legal Aid to cut funding for almost all family law, human rights and poverty law for British Columbians.” Attorney General Shirley Bond stated in an email, “During these challenging fiscal times, government has recently increased its support for legal aid. With the additional $2 million in funding we announced [in December], the province now provides more than $68 million a year to legal aid in B.C. — of which over half is spent on criminal legal aid services.” However, Pearson says, “The government tried to, I think, distract the public with a $2 million increase.” Pearson says the increase is about five per cent of what it should be, but suggest it’s a good sign that the government is listening. Trial lawyers are the people who sit in courtrooms and assist those who can’t afford paid counsel. “We appear to be the group able to take gov-

ernment to task for funding,” says Pearson. Lawyers providing duty counsel services perform on-the-spot triage assistance for people who show up to court sans counsel. People can still apply for legal aid during the TLABC action, but that takes time and advance notice. In response to the job action, the LSS in discussion with the Ministry of Attorney General arranged for people in custody to receive duty counsel services in 38 court locations across the province. “This represents more than 75 per cent of the volume of in-custody accused on any given day,” says Bond. “I understand in locations where lawyers were not available inperson for in-custody duty counsel services, LSS contracted for telephone duty counsel services available by telephone.” Without duty counsel during the TLABC action, it will be more difficult for people to make their first appearances and courtrooms are likely to be disrupted. “This is the last step in a long road of negotiations,” says Pearson, “begging and pleading the government for funding.” In June 2010, the Law Society of British Columbia, Crown Counsel Association of British Columbia, The Canadian Bar Association (British Columbia), the Law Foundation of British Columbia, the Vancouver Bar Association and the Victoria Bar Association got together to fund a Public Commission on legal aid. Last March, the Commission strongly recommended to the government that legal aid be deemed an essential service.

Pearson says that because our legal system is based on an adversarial model which expects parties to fight for their needs and assume the means to do so, poor and otherwise disadvantaged people do not have access to fair justice without legal aid. “One of the key reasons,” says Bond, “behind this job action is to seek an increase in the tariff rate paid to the lawyers who provide legal aid services. Currently, lawyers receive a tariff rate of between $84 and $93 an hour, depending upon their experience. ANTASY Any increases to the rate



JAN. 16 & 17







that lawyers are paid for this work will come from legal aid funding and mean that fewer people will receive the support they deserve. Providing legal aid services remains a priority for our government but we also recognize that we need to consider reform of the system as well as additional resources.” “Legal aid allows people who could not otherwise afford access to justice to be fairly represented,” says Pearson, but adds the government has ignored the Commission’s recommendation and that the current funding level for cases forces lawyers to work pro bono to prepare for court. “This isn’t about more money for lawyers,” says Pearson. “It’s about proper access to justice for British Columbians.”

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Legal aid helps people who otherwise would be unable to afford legal representation, have better access to B.C.’s justice system.


SFSS officially ends CFS membership After three years of legal disputes, both groups reach ‘amicable’ out-of-court settlement > DAVID DYCK — THE PEAK (SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY) BURNABY, B.C. (CUP) — After three years of conflict and more than $450 000 in legal fees, the Simon Fraser Student Society (SFSS) has officially left the Canadian Federation of Students (CFS). The membership issue goes back to 2008, when the SFSS held a referendum where in 66.9 per cent of SFU students voted to leave the CFS. The CFS, which is the largest student lobbying organization in Canada, contested the referendum’s legitimacy, and the SFSS has been dealing with a series of legal disputes ever since. Although a court date had been set for Feb. 12 for a lengthy and expensive trial that was expected to last approximately six weeks, the dispute was settled out of court in late December. Both parties released a short statement that described the settlement as “amicable.” “As part of this resolution, it is agreed that the membership has ended,” the statement read. “The agreement was
a desire
on the part
all parties
resolve all outstanding issues.” It further stated that neither party would make any public statements regarding the settlement. There was no mention made of the amount of the settlement. B.C. Supreme Court judge Richard Blair, in an official court document released in August 2010, explained that he was unable to reach a conclusion about the case at that time, citing an overwhelming amount of evidence. Blair advised that either a second referendum be conducted, or that the dispute be settled out of court, as either option


would be more financially feasible than going to trial in February. Late last year, the SFSS board argued that the society was running a projected deficit as a result of the pending lawsuit, for which funds had to be set aside in the event the case was lost. The loss of the trial could have resulted in a payout of approximately $1.5 million in unpaid membership fees to the

The CFS contested the referendum’s legitimacy, and the SFSS has been dealing with a series of legal disputes ever since. CFS, not including legal fees. The dispute began as a result of a 2008 referendum question, which the CFS claimed was not done in accordance with CFS bylaws, since it was performed by an SFSS-appointed independent electoral commission and not the CFS-mandated oversight committee. The referendum, therefore, was not considered by the CFS to be legally binding, and for the

Delegates at the November 2010 Canadian Federation of Students National General Meeting. SFSS to accept it breached their contract. J.J. McCullough, chief electoral officer for the independent electoral commission that was appointed by the SFSS, oversaw the 2008 referendum. In an interview with the Peak, he stated that he was still unsure if legal separation was the best route for the union to take, financially. “If you hate the CFS to a really intense degree, you still have to be able to look at these things from [the perspective of] a cost/benefit analysis,” said McCullough. “The question is: how much more than half a million have we paid on this whole battle? . . . I think you can only really judge student politics in terms of the short term, and on the terms of how much student fees are being extracted from students right now to pay for some myopic political feud. That’s the kind of thing that concerns me.” McCullough did admit that, were the


numbers in favour of the SFSS, settling would probably be the right choice. Although the amount of the settlement has not been disclosed, the total amount spent by the SFSS on legal fees from the beginning of the dispute until November 2011 was $454 149. “I’m glad that it’s over,” said former SFSS president Ali Godson. Godson’s term was from 2010 to 2011, but she served in other capacities in the SFSS for several years prior. Godson ran for, and won, the position of university relations officer in 2008, with a pro-CFS platform. She told the Peak that there was no mention of a settlement during her time on the board. She pointed out that most of the current board, with the exception of Internal Relations Officer Jordan Kohn, were not a part of the original CFS dispute in 2008.

January 12, 2012 MARTLET


Brigades work for sustainable communities > BRANDON ROSARIO Every year, rural communities in Ghana, Panama and Honduras are assisted by the Global Health Brigades— the world’s largest studentled sustainable development organization. Since 2004, the non-profit group has established 380 international chapters and received financial backing from upwards of 300 000 beneficiaries to fund their multifaceted charitable endeavours around the globe. Consisting of nine individual programs ranging from architecture and dentistry to business and law, the secular, holistically modelled Global Brigades work alongside licensed medical professionals and community health workers to lay down foundations for sustainability and growth in under-resourced villages throughout the three countries. “Each university starts up a chapter in the Global Brigades and then they’re responsible for planning and organizing at least one volunteer trip,” says UVic Medical Brigade’s Co-president Tribesty Nguyen, who will be joining other students next month in a Honduran community for their annual project. “We bring down local doctors, nurses and pharmacists and fundraise about $10 000 every year to buy medication, equipment and supplies,” he says. “Everyone — including about 30 UVic students — goes to Honduras and set up a clinic where we work with the community.” Nguyen, a fifth-year biology student working toward his second degree, accompanied his global peers on a trip to the Honduran village of Zurzular last year, where he and his brigade helped about a thousand patients in four clinical days over the February reading break. “On our first day in Honduras when we were preparing dosing for medications and stuff, we got to play with the children,” says Nguyen, “That’s my most memorable mo-

ment — that welcome.” For the last two years, Nguyen has treated his vulnerable patients to much needed and long overdue basic care, working above the village’s orphanage turned medical compound. Staffed almost entirely by unpaid students, proceeds raised by the Global Brigades are pumped equally and directly into the communities involved. The duties are intensive but the work, says Nguyen — made difficult through large crowds and a language barrier — is the reward in itself. Though he acknowledges that sometimes the sudden, organized confluence of volunteers on rural areas creates a somewhat stressful environment, the result is always a substantial increase in the local living quality. “It’s stressful because it’s busy,” he says, “but it’s fun,” adding allusively that the feeling is one that every good doctor has met and loved. He is confident that the Global Brigade’s work serves a pragmatic function in the world’s ballooning charity culture, which he believes has, over the years, created for itself a certain middle-class, pseudo-altruistic stereotype. “A lot of people have approached me in the past and said that the organization is just a bunch of privileged, North American foreigners just coming in, doing work and then leaving.” “But that’s not the case,” he says. “We always work with the community and we don’t help them unless they actually want the help, [working] with a partner organization that helped found the Global Brigades — the Société de los Amigos.” The Global Brigades operate in two stages to assist under-resourced villages. First, after giving out pamphlets that detail their planned course of action, they enter a community and engage in direct assistance —

UVic’s Global Brigades on their 2011 trip to Honduras.

jobs like cleaning teeth and laying concrete. During this time, the group educates villagers on sustainability to ensure that the services can be both maintained and further developed after volunteers leave. Matt Coutu-Moya—a fifth year psychology student and co-president of the university’s Global Water Brigades chapter — remembers the feeling of mutual accomplishment between his group and the community after he and his fellow Brigades members built a trench to provide running water to a village. “This somewhat cartoony, Tasmanian Devil dust storm kicks up and by the time it settles all of the sudden there’s a trench and everybody just laughs,” says the reminiscent Coutu-Moya. “We’re exhausted and water-deprived, but we’re done . . . It was a just a great feeling of appreciation for what everyone


came to do [that] day.” UVic currently assists in the medical, dental, water-oriented and public planning aspects of the global Brigade, with volunteers preparing for their upcoming mission in Honduras, which will occur over next month’s reading break. The groups encourage students and community members to donate money or items like clothing and blankets to support the cause. UVic’s Medical and Dental Brigade’s will put on two fundraisers in the coming weeks: an all-ages plaid party in Vertigo on Jan. 20 and a semi-formal Casino night at the Victoria Event Center on Feb. 4 — with all proceeds going toward the purchase of medication and other supplies.

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MARTLET January 12, 2012





B.C.’s Cullen wants to reform voting system > MARK WORTHING

ing, the Bloc Quebecois conceding to the NDP, and the Conservative Party’s weak majority teetering on a waffling GTA (Greater He is a healthy dose of left, west and orange in equal parts. You can hear his brain’s Toronto Area), the October 2015 election might be when the orange crush turns into a RPM from 10 feet back. Nathan Cullen, the majority government. 39-year-old New Democratic Party member “The eight of us are going to make this of Parliament and leadership candidate decision as hard as possible for you,” says says he is in the “business of ideas.” He is Cullen referring to the other leadership the only leadership candidate from B.C., candidates. The other seven representing one of the candidates are: Brian Topp, country’s largest ridings, Toronto ,Ont.; Romeo Sagathe Bulkley-Skeena Valley. nash, Abitibi–James Bay–Nun“I very rarely try to seek avik-Eeyou, Que.; Peggy Nash, sympathy from the public Parkdale-High Park, Ont.; for being a politician,” Not only must we Nikki Ashton, Churchill, Man.; Cullen said smiling to a Singh, Musquodoboit crowd of 70 or so people at defeat the Harper Martin Harbour, N.S.; Thomas Multhe Victoria Public Library on Saturday. government, we clair, Outremont, Que. and Dewer, Ottawa, Ont. Joining in the race to must defeat the Paul Cullen also spoke to some lead the official opposition Cullen explains, “Not only manner in which he important focal points for NDP leadership candidates. must we defeat the Harper does government. “We will not allow this pipegovernment; we must deline to happen,” said Cullen feat the manner in which he Nathan Cullen to applause referring to the does government.” Northern Gateway Pipeline Cullen is throwing his proposal that enters its first “business of ideas” behind a co-operative strategy for opposition parties to week of joint review process hearings Tuesday in Kitimat. engage in a certain type of political bloodlet“You have a responsibility now, because ting, whereby the three opposition parties work together, weigh their odds in respective they want to send a 1 100-kilometre pipeline ridings and avoid vote-splitting by running filled with bitumen in a 36-inch pipe — only one candidate in ridings where Conserwhich will break one day — and put it into vatives have won by marginally fewer than super tankers three football fields long and half of opposition candidates votes. drive it through three channels at three 90 “I am a believer that there is a post-partisan degree turns in some of the roughest water in world in front of us,” says Cullen. “I really do. the world . . . for China,” says Cullen. I think the power of the parties is going to Cullen is no foreigner to big, extractive inbe less and less. I think we need to turn that ternational energy industries coming knockpower to the people and get the parties out of ing on remote, small-town British Columbian the way sometimes.” doors. He has fended off Shell Canada once Canadians are slowly waking up to the full from fracking for coal-bed methane in the opportunity that is posed to the NDP in the sacred headwaters of the Skeena, the Stikine, next election. With the Liberal party limpand the Nass rivers. He also played a crucial

NDP leadership candidate Nathan Cullen spoke to a crowd of about 70 people in Victoria last Saturday. and supportive role in the establishment of the great Bear Rainforest agreement on the central coast. “The land makes the people; the people don’t make the land,” Cullen explains. “The First Nations have given me a mentorship that I am humbled by. The elders have been patient, and spent time with me.” Cullen is also concerned about the Harper government increasing the Canada Revenue Agency’s mandate to investigate charitable organizations that have “gone too far” in criticizing the government, so that their charitable status may be revoked. “There are three places for criticism for government. One: the opposition (parties).


And that has been effectively shut down every time they bring in a bill with their majority. Second: the press. They’re having a tough time around the Hill. They don’t get access to ministers; they only get talking notes. Third: civil society. That’s it. If you’re in power and there is criticism coming it is going to come from one of those three places. And I’m not looking at a prime minister that likes to be criticized.” Cullen said that one of the first things he would do if he were to win the leadership of his party, and then win a federal election, would be to improve the representativeness a voting system that was invented before the light bulb. He also wants to lower the voting age and believes housing is a right.

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SPORTS January 12, 2012 MARTLET



“If I don’t know it, I ask. It has to be a conscious effort. It’s too easy to fall back on stereotypes and myths.” – Sherman Alexie

Think outside the circle




Parts of Jasper Park may go private Some of you might be surprised to hear that this month a decision will be made that will affect the way Canadians interact with their national parks. Jasper National Park, located on the border of B.C. and Alberta, 805 kilometres northeast of Vancouver, is one of Canada’s oldest and largest national parks. It was established in 1907 and boasts nearly 1 000 kilometre of trails. American-owned company Brewster Travel Canada proposed a project in January 2011 for a “Glacier Discovery Walk,” a 400-metre boardwalk featuring a glass-floored observation platform overlooking the Sunwapta Valley. The Mount Kitchener/Sunwapta Canyon viewpoint off the Icefields Parkway would be affected: instead of a pull-out accessible to anyone who wants to stop, the viewpoint would be under the control of Brewster Canada staff. The boardwalk would only be accessible via bus trips from the Columbia Icefield Centre, 6.5 kilometres to the south. It would be pay-per-use; visitors would choose between viewing the already spectacular landscape from a “public” viewpoint for free, or paying to have a guided tour on the boardwalk. The project, although an impressive development, brings up issues of privatization in Canada’s national parks. Many argue that allowing an international company to build a privately owned attraction in a national park will set a dangerous precedent that will see parts of Canadian wilderness sold off to the highest bidder. Should a company be allowed to ask Canadians to pay for something they already own? Both Parks Canada and Brewster argue that the development, if allowed to go ahead, will serve as an attraction that will increase the relevancy of Canada’s parks and enhance the viewing experience of the area. But really, nature sells itself. A view as spectacular as the one overlooking the Sunwapta Valley doesn’t need to be jazzed up by fancy walkways and glassfloored viewing points. Parks Canada should be honest and call the development what it is: a new way to increase revenue. Our parks need funds, there’s no doubt in that. The federal government recently extended a freeze on park user fees until April 1, 2013, leaving the parks to scramble for other funding methods. Parks Canada is currently conducting a study on new ways to generate revenue, expected to be complete in March of this year. Although Canada’s national parks and heritage sites rake in billions of dollars annually, attendance in the parks has decreased by about seven per cent in the last five years. The Green Party of Canada issued a press release on the Glacier Discovery Walk calling on Parks Canada to continue to protect ecological integrity, rather than focus on enhancing visitor experience. According to the press release, money spent on visitor experience increased between 2007 and 2010 by $58 million, while money spent on ecological integrity decreased by $21.4 million. “Both the federal government and Parks Canada must realize that protection of our ecosystems is worth investing in, especially as the climate is changing,” said Party Leader Elizabeth May in the release. In light of the state of the environment, our national parks should be protected, not only for us to enjoy, but for the sake of having untouched wilderness where the landscape and the animals that live in it are the first priority. Editorial topics are decided on by staff at our weekly editorial meeting at 1:30 every Friday in the Martlet office (SUB B011). Editorials are written by one or more staff members and are not necessarily the opinion of all staff members.


MARTLET January 12, 2012

Remember those daydreams, between receiving your letter of acceptance and walking out the door of your parents’ house for the last time, when you would sigh as you imagined university life? Remember eating at the same restaurant for four years so often that you didn’t even need to order anymore but were just handed a plate with chicken fingers and waffle fries; or hanging out with the same people every day until “the guy who peed his pants on frosh week” becomes “your boyfriend/your roommate’s ex-boyfriend”; or walking the same paths with the same familiar gardens until you could name each crack in the sidewalk in the dark on the short stumble home from the same bar you’ve been drinking at for four years? Neither do I. That’s because nobody dreams of the crushing monotony that eventually comes of living in the same 30.7 acres of centrally-planned self-contained ivory tower for four years. That’s why students should live downtown. Not just because the rent on campus is extortionate, or because living in close quarters with 17 000 people in block housing is dangerous for your already fragile psyche, but because truly living on your own requires living somewhere that exposes you to the outside world. University living is closed off to the outside enough as it is; with the constant need to keep your ever-smaller nose to the proverbial grindstone, it’s sometimes hard to come up for air and notice the world around you. Living downtown forces that upon you. Every day as you commute, you will see a whole city existing beyond Ring Road, where midterms and essays and toga parties lose a bit of their

omnipresence in favour of some of the things that real people like to do. You’ll find, for example, that outside Ring Road there is more than one food service provider, rather than the Stalinesque uniformity found on campus. There are cafés with art on the walls. Art! Not cell-phone company ads. You’ll discover whole communities that exist even during midterms, putting on concerts, hosting speakers, and hosting parties that don’t involve some variation on “hos” in the theme. Plus, did you know Victoria is beside the ocean? That’s right! Victoria has beaches and boardwalks and piers and gorgeous views of the Olympic Peninsula across the ocean. Moving off campus can be intimidating. There are so many areas to choose from, each with their own price points and benefits. Fernwood is expensive but extremely vibrant. Gordon Head is within spitting distance of campus but lacks the downtown cache of a more distinct community like James Bay. What they all have in common is something you can’t get on campus: independence. The very reason so many students leave home to begin with is taken away from them the moment they set down their bags in their residence room. This semester, as you hike back and forth across campus, imagine life outside the ring. Not just on the other side of it where you have to go to smoke, but way beyond, where UVic is to most people just an institution across town, not the centre of the world. Stay tuned next week, Martlet readers. You won’t want to miss the pro-campus perspective of this debate, as written by Leat Ahrony.



I’m always a little surprised by the committed and well prepared students manning the Youth Protecting Youth table at clubs days versus those at the pro-choice table pushing tired talking points easily debunked and out of touch with current debate. Anyone that can spare the time should certainly stop by the YPY table and try debating with them. The pro-choice side should really be presenting better laid out arguments; after all the stakes are very high. If the pro-choice side is wrong and human life begins at conception, pro-choice students have been the cheering squad for upwards of a million lives snuffed out in Canada alone. They must be very sure of themselves to be riding the knife edge between simply defending a Supreme Court decision and approving of mass murder.

Thank you, UVic students. Because of your help and involvement in the November referendum, UVic World University Service of Canada (WUSC) was able to run a successful campaign to expand our Student Refugee Program. Thanks to you, we’re excited to bring a fourth student from a refugee camp to our campus. We thank you for your continued support and we welcome you to keep an eye out for our upcoming events this semester. Education changes the world. So, thanks, UVic, for doing your part! WUSC UVic

Robert Berry UVic Student

CORRECTION The Martlet would like to issue a clarification in the Jan. 5 article “Hate crime targets UVic student.” Upon review of their history, Nave’s relatives have clarified that his grandmother’s family was not killed at Treblinka, but perished elsewhere as result of the Nazi movement.

Happy? Sad? Enraged? Tell us: The Martlet has an open letters policy and will endeavour to print every letter received from the university community. Letters must be submitted by email, include your real name and affiliation to UVic, and have “Letter to the editor” in the subject line. Letters must be under 200 words and may be edited.


Volume 64, Issue 19


Editor-in-Chief Erin Ball Managing Editor Kristi Sipes Production Co-ordinator Glen O’Neill Advertising Director Marc Junker News Editor Kailey Willetts Opinions Editor Shandi Shiach

Culture Editor Vanessa Annand


Sports Editor Tyler Laing Science & Tech Editor Alan Piffer Graphics Editor Ryan Haak Photo Editor Tess Forsyth Web Editor Adam Bard Web Content Editor Brad Michelson Copy Editor Jon-Paul Zacharias Distribution Ivan Marko, Thomas Ross, Jon-Paul Zacharias Staff Writers Jenny Boychuk, Brandon Rosario Investigative Reporter Mark Worthing Contributors Liam Butler, Jaime Chong, Zwannie de Beer, Chris Goldsmith, Vanessa Hawk, Taryn Karstens-Smith, Britny Martlin, Blake Morneau, Anton North, Candace O’Neill, Kaitlyn Rosenburg, Adrienne Shepherd, Mia Steinberg, Jimmy Thomson, Ella Weatherilt Cover Illustration/Photo Glen O’Neill The Martlet Publishing Society is an incorporated B.C. society and a full member of Canadian University Press (CUP). We strive to act as an agent of constructive social change and will not print racist, sexist, homophobic or otherwise oppressive copy. Martlet (SUB B011) P.O. BOX 3035 University of Victoria Victoria, B.C. V8W 3P3


I was homeschooled by Shigeru Miyamoto. Not literally, but subjectively through the games he created. Specifically those for the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) and Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES). Mario Kart was my first driving lesson. The Legend of Zelda provided me with wanderlust and an unrelenting desire to explore the outdoors surrounding my home. Star Fox taught me lessons of rolling maneuvers and conservation (“Use bombs wisely”).  Video games have not only played a big role in my childhood but helped shape who I am today. I am an expert mover. My natural ability to fit everything in the back of a truck can be attributed to my “elite” Tetris skills. In my house, I’m the electronics whisperer. Nintendo trained me to optimize the back end of my TV.

My brother Doug and I rented Battletoads on the day of the ’93 World Series game six. There was only one TV in the house so we had to sit through nine innings of baseball before we could play it. Needless to say, to this day I still passionately hate baseball for that reason. Doug is five years older than me, which, when you are little, means you are always watching and waiting for your turn. It also means I never got to play the game or character I wanted (see: Perpetual Luigi Syndrome). It wasn’t often that I got to play single player but when I did, I’d try to beat the game as fast as I could before Doug could interrupt. I’ll never forget or be able to live down the first time I beat Super Mario Bros. I was six or seven years old at the time and was well along in the game: World 8, Level 4 — the last castle. I was busy figuring out the pattern to reach Bowser when I felt a bathroom

tingle. I paused the game and threw the controller on the couch. As I was about to go take care of my business, Doug said, “If you leave that game, I’m going to reset it.” I was confronted with the ultimate dilemma. Did I risk losing all the hard work I’d put into beating the game, leaving the princess to be forever fated to be in that “other castle”? I hadn’t used any warp pipes; this was a pure completion of the game. When would I get another chance to beat it on my own? I couldn’t live with being eternally doomed to wait for a second chance. I beat the game. It was a soggy victory, but a victory nonetheless. And this was the most valuable lesson I’ve learned from video games: There is no shame in being determined and passionate about what is important to you. Send your pitch to!

Who sunk my oil tanker?

Features Editor Sol Kauffman

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Perpetual Luigi syndrome

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Bombing Iran could cause a third oil shock. While the capabilities of the U.S. military to devastate Iran’s military capacity are obvious and apparent to all, Iran’s ability to strike back has been drastically understated. Many articles have been written recently about to what degree and for how long Iran can prevent Persian Gulf oil exports through the Straits of Hormuz. Regardless of whether Iran can or cannot close the straits, one sunken freighter could cause oil prices to rise to record highs, and make shipping through the straits uninsurable. While it’s true the U.S. Navy could likely keep the straits open, the possibility of prolonged guerrilla attacks on shipping in the form of mines, anti-shipping missiles or suicide boats would hold the price of oil at record highs for weeks. Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States, which have been competing with Iran for regional influence, would likely be targeted as well. During Israel’s 2006 conflict with Hezbollah

in Lebanon, despite a campaign of precision bombing and raids by Israeli forces, Israel was unable to prevent continued bombing by Hezbollah rockets. Iran’s conventional missile arsenal (including both the same and more advanced versions of the rockets supplied to Hezbollah) has the capacity to damage or destroy Saudi Arabia’s Ras Tanura refinery (one of the world’s largest) as well as other large refineries in other states such as Dubai and Qatar. In Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia’s oil producing regions, which have in the past prosecuted disrupted terrorist plots with alleged links to Iran, large populations of Shiite Muslims make the threat of terrorism targeting oil production particularly high. While it may seem callous to describe this conflict in terms of Iran’s ability to disrupt the price of oil, it is Iran’s most devastating weapon and is key to America’s ability to continue a prolonged bombing campaign. The oil shocks of the 1970s wreaked havoc on the economy and led to years of low growth and high unemployment. Today

the consequences would be more devastating. The U.S. is already experiencing low economic growth, and interest rates are at record lows. The national debt is skyrocketing; two rounds of quantitative easing have been undertaken to little effect, and there is zero appetite for fiscal stimulus of any kind. In other words, policymakers have few if any tools left in the toolbox to counter another recession. The Iranian leadership knows that forcing the price of oil to record highs and causing a second recession will make invasion unaffordable and have devastating consequences for the U.S. economy. Some might argue that a short campaign is all that’s necessary. In war, the choice to end conflict is not up to a single party, no matter how disproportionate they are in military strength. If, after being bombed, Iran chooses to make the West suffer as they have, it has that power. That needs to be considered before potential presidential candidates spout off loose talk about a conflict with potentially devastating consequences for us all.

Judge the facts, not addicts > ZWANNIE DE BEER Most of the time, legislating the ways humans may alter their state of mind turns sour. Surely prohibition taught us that! Ah, but heroin use is different from the responsible citizen only occasionally drinking or partaking in casual drug use. With regards to the rather more extreme way that heroin and other street drugs alter the mind, it’s probably worth asking whether we should enable this particular habit — with tax dollars, no less. Even smokers have to pay an arm and a lung for their cigarettes. Here are a few things you might want to consider as you’re asking whether tax payers should continue to support Insite, the supervised, legal drug injection facility in Vancouver’s downtown eastside. A large group of people are blindly opposed to safe injection sites; they hold the notion that because drugs are illegal, condoning safe injection sites legitimizes illegal drug use. British Columbia provides a home, or more appropriately, a street, for upwards of 10 000 heroin addicts. Opponents believe that since heroin is illegal in Canada, heroin users are all criminals and should be treated like criminals. What if they are not criminals, but instead citizens of this community that need our help? Debra Lynkowski, CEO of the Canadian Public Health Association, says, “addiction-related drug use is a health issue and not a criminal justice issue.” Addiction is a disease. By providing drug addicts with a safe place to shoot up under supervision, Insite helps funnel addicts

into rehabilitation. Insite saves lives. Insite does not provide drugs. It provides warmth, dignity and the acknowledgment that addicts are part of the human condition. It is staffed by nurses, social workers and addiction counsellors who provide addiction treatment, mental health assistance and first aid in the event of an overdose or wound. It reduces the open injection of drugs in the streets and alleys of Vancouver. It reduces the sharing of needles and the spread of disease. There have been upwards of 1.8 million injections since its opening in 2003 and not a single overdose death has occurred at the facility. But wait — don’t take my word for it. Take the word of our top court. In a unanimous decision, the Supreme Court ruled that the Conservative government must grant Insite immediate immunity from federal drug laws — indefinitely. Take the word of dozens of peer-reviewed studies in medical journals. Take the word of the Vancouver Police Department, the word of provincial and local health authorities. The B.C. Nurses’ Union welcomed the Court’s decision and states that the ruling opens the door for more creative ways of supporting treatment for those with addictions. Insite’s third��  � floor ������������������� gives information on transition housing and connection to community resources, such as permanent housing and mental health services. Safe injection sites provide a safe haven for people who are not able to help themselves. Yes, at the end of the day drug use is still occurring, but addicts are able to go to Insite without getting a death sentence — another

strong Canadian ideal. Those quick to judge often overlook circumstances that many of these addicts or victims have endured. Among them are people with limited opportunity and choice, subject not only to poverty but also chronic mental illness, physical and sexual abuse, and lack of education. The many intricate needs of these people and the increasing diversity and number of homeless people lead to perplexed researchers, confused policymakers, and have drained society’s compassion. Now is the time for Canadians to shine and show the rest of the world what can be done. Physician Hedy Fry, in support of Insite getting federal clearance, said “The ‘war on drugs’ has not worked in Canada and has proven to be an abject failure everywhere else in the world. Addiction is a medical problem and requires medical and public health solutions.” Safe injection sites are a means of protecting those who cannot protect themselves; this sane approach to mental and societal health should not only exist in B.C. but should spread across Canada. Insite has already sparked the interest of other Canadian cities, such as Victoria and Toronto, in their own safe injection clinics. “This tiny place welcomes people who are broken,” says Liz Evans, a registered nurse and executive director of the Portland Hotel Society, which operates Insite. “It is the only square footage in North America where drug addicts can walk through the door and be treated like humans, not criminals.” Before coming to a decision on Insite, get the facts, do research, talk to people on the ground. January 12, 2012 MARTLET



MARTLET January 12, 2012


So here’s the deal. I just turned 20. My older friends told me it would be a weird experience, and I can see why. It feels kind of wrong to not be a teenager. But you know what? Teenagers are awful. I have no idea why we would want to be associated with them. Looking back at teen-dom, I don’t really like anything about it. In fairness, I don’t like anything about most ages, or people, or things, but teens are noticeably terrible. It’s not like I’m one of those geezers who goes on about kids today and their Face-books and their rap music and their skateboarding and their Fruit By The Foot and their Pokeymans and their Gossip Girls and their X-Box Lives and their LeBron James and their Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn: Part One and their Call Of Duty Modern Warfare and their The OC and their Anger Birds and their mountain bicycles and their You-Tubes and their My-Spaces and their Beanie Babies and their baggy pants and their tight pants and their Britney Spears and their rollerblades and their cyber bullying and their Pizza Pops and their sweat-wicking technology and their who-hoobers and their clam-tinkers and their floo-floobers and all the noise, noise, noise, noise! Still, I can’t help but shake my head whenever I see anyone between 11 and 17. I’m sure my generation was nowhere near that bad. Of course, you don’t really notice what kids are like when you are one. And my particular grad class was relatively non-ridiculous and tolerable — they were never into any of those corny Family Channel Disney fads, for example. Meanwhile, some types of wacky youth behaviour have been observable for ages: Bieber Fever is hardly any different from Beatlemania or any other teen-idol craze. So I’m trying to figure out if kids today are actually more tasteless, more self-centred, more ignorant, more annoying, or more generally awful than they were five years ago (or 15, or 50), or if it’s just my imagination. What’s worse? Obviously, young people aren’t any biologically different than they used to be, so any explanation for a difference in kids today will be tied to cultural or technological shifts. I should give some examples of why I dislike yoots so much lately. There are plenty of specific little things. Just in terms of visuals, teens can be pretty heinous: LBs wear about thirteen different bright colours in one outfit, while LGs think it’s okay to wear furry Snooki mukluks with denim jackets with hoop earrings with ripped leggings with Lululemon with a side-shave haircut and don’t realize that this is like mixing oil and water or dividing by zero. There are numerous other things that teens like and I hate — Uggs, dubstep, fake tans, Dane Cook — but I know perfectly well that half of you guys like those things too. The real problem I have with the youngsters is not really with particular objects and symptoms, but with what the whole mess seems to represent. But I’ll get to that in a bit. What got better? First, I should give credit where credit is due. Here are some things that I think have improved about youth culture in the past year or two: No more ringtone rap. With a few exceptions, most new popular hip-hop artists are relatively competent at rapping and don’t make annoying terrible one-hit wonders. Sticking with music, the whole Disney purity-core thing seems to be on the downswing. I’m no fan of sleaziness and sluttiness, but I definitely feel that if you’re a teenager the point is to rebel a bit and challenge the boring socially accepted conservative order. It seems unnatural for teenagers to think being goody two-shoes (shoeses?) is cool. I’d rather see hesh skate rats blasting Odd Future than identical, inoffensive middle-of-the-road Stepford kids smiling along to the JoBros. What else? I did think kids were probably less homophobic than they used to be, but Rick Mercer tells me otherwise. Their style is noticeably becoming somewhat less terrible and homogenous than it was a few years ago. I definitely have a huge problem with how kids just throw on “indie” or “fashion-y” clothes as a kind of costume or shallow trend without engaging in the appropriate subculture or dressing self-expressively, but at least they manage to at least look somewhat stylish. When does cool get claimed? But I can’t quite accept that kind of compromise, not for every case anyway. I can’t help but feel that it’s a waste and a lost opportunity every time something comparatively classy and interesting becomes incorporated into the youth mainstream in a superficial, neutered form. I was browsing acquaintances’ Twitter pages the other day when I came upon the account of particular friend of a friend. The young woman in question is a fake-tanned, vapid hot mess that I have no problem calling one of my top 15 least favourite people. Sandwiched in between posts about DJs, drinks

with her gurls, and #princessprobz (no joke), there it was: “I have a serious new found love for frank ocean.” This would have made me queasy at the best of times, but I was listening to Frank Ocean at the exact moment I read it. I wasn’t bummed that Ocean was getting mainstream traction; I had always said that it should and would happen for the Odd Future-affiliated post-R&B singer. What depressed me was how easily he’d been incorporated into a mainstream, shallow set of musical interests rather than replacing them. Maybe I’m being too uncharitable in caricaturing the young woman in question and in reading her interest in Mr. Ocean as superficial compared to mine. Maybe you think I’m just being a textbook hipster, feeling revulsion the second something I like goes mainstream. Yet I think there’s a legitimate point behind that revulsion. Accepting something alternative and critically wellregarded into the mainstream should be a triumphant discovery, providing “the masses” with a chance to show that they’re more intelligent, more tasteful, more human than marketers have treated them. When instead of this result we see the mainstream defanging and corrupting a quality text and placing it alongside inferior products — without indicting the legitimacy of those products by comparison — it is understandably a failure of the critically lauded text’s potential to do substantial, positive cultural work. It’s a convenient fiction among plenty of people that the masses — teens especially — are duped by marketing and availability into liking shitty things. If they were only exposed to the good stuff, we lament, then music/movies/ TV wouldn’t be so terrible. This does have some truth to it — labels and studios push whatever is the easiest and the surest bet to sell. But we have a wonderful Internet where people have plenty of opportunity to look up a huge percentage of all the digital entertainment that is being created in the world. There’s only so much we can blame radio, print and TV as those mediums become increasingly less relevant and no longer hold a monopoly over content transmission. There are certainly successes — Adele, acclaimed cable TV shows like Mad Men and Breaking Bad, those TED Talk things that white people love. But I think, to some extent, people — especially young ones — just don’t want “the good stuff.” People like the mild, cheap high of shallow or simple entertainment and culture. There’s nothing wrong with that — in moderation. The problem is that taking the easiest option every time, like always just giving the old teeth a half-assed light brushing, eventually builds up into a problem until you have unhealthy teeth. Plaque, gingivitis, cavities. Literal bad taste. Say people then criticize your poor oral hygiene so you go grab Listerine, floss and fancy toothpaste. But if you employ those just as half-heartedly and superficially as you did the brushing in the first place, your teeth will look a bit better, but you still don’t have a healthy mouth or healthy oral habits. In fact, with youth it’s more like they’re merely slapping on some Whitestrips. What I’m saying is that teens appear to be getting better — more cultured, less obnoxious, less vapid — but it’s just a superficial illusion. They aren’t engaging with what particular classier, more-legit things represent — they’re merely appropriating the trappings, the symptoms, the signs. The signifiers but not the signified. This fools us and themselves into thinking they’ve improved, and we can abandon the issue. Everyone can happily convince themselves that kids aren’t soulless, artistically barren computer jockeys. What caused the change? I’ve obviously been generalizing in this article. I know that there are plenty of awesome youngsters, and that there’s a huge variety among teenagers just as there is among any group of people. But there’s no denying that there are general trends we can see among this particular age cohort and subculture. It comes back to the question of what exactly is it that has made kids today any different from their predecessors? The most obvious answer is technology. However, it’s simplistic and often ridiculous when people directly blame things like Facebook. The fault is not in our screens, but in ourselves. University of British Columbia sociology professor Chris Schneider pointed me to Marc Prensky’s 2001 article “Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants.” In it, Prensky explains that people under a certain age are natives of the digital era, while older folks are immigrants clinging to old ways, or “languages.” As a result, the two exhibit strikingly different behaviour, learning patterns and even brains. Adults voluntarily engage in a lot of the technological behaviour they condemn when they see youth engaging in it without traditional behaviour tempering it. Technology simply allows us to do more things, and when we have more options, we are more free to pursue whatever appeals to us most. The Internet allows people to curate their experiences, eliminating what they dislike and engaging with only what they like. Paradoxically, the Web’s onus on the consumer to find their own entertainment and information results in it enabling users to insulate themselves from alternative choices just as much as it exposes them to those. When we have the ability to constantly be presented

with only what we like, there is no incentive to search high and low for new interests or to engage especially deeply with even your pre-existing interests — why put the investment into reading anything in depth when there’s always a next thing waiting for you to skim? I talked to UBC critical theory professor George Grinnell about these issues, and he explained that this resistance to patient critical thinking extends further than just your average 15-year-old kid. “I do believe that now, more than ever,” he said, “[we in our culture] need to exercise what Nietzsche calls ‘slow reading’ or what so many of my students identify as the alienating experience of thinking patiently and seriously about culture and its work upon us. One need look no further than the sort of blow-hard ‘journalism’ of cable news to see how aggressively thought and reflection is discouraged.” Grinnell also pointed out the tricky premises we’re operating under: we’re postulating that youth are relevantly different now than they were, in some way, and we are grouping individuals by age to the point of ignoring other factors like class. He suggested that the instant-gratification desire is prevalent throughout our society, though we see it perhaps most readily in youth. “I am reminded of Zizek’s comment that ‘enjoy yourself’ has become one of the overweening imperatives of Western culture for us now,” he said. “As you say, the question of gratification has become all-consuming.” That same Slavoj Zizek also theorizes that in ideology, “[people] know what they are doing, and yet still they are doing it.” He essentially means that people recognize certain problems with the dominant ideology but continue to participate in it. It seems likely that most young people today recognize that plenty of entertainment is crass, unimpressive and low-quality. People no longer love and approve of the majority of texts they are engaging with, but don’t have enough of a problem with it to rebel against it. Which, I have to admit, is fair enough. What was it replaced with? Meanwhile, quality simply isn’t necessary in the essentialized contemporary world of entertainment. Content in verses is superfluous when people only come for the hook. In the article “The Party Track About Partying,” Nitsuh Ababe explains his reaction to the Black Eyed Peas: “The group is to pop music, roughly, what a Fisher-Price figurine is to a real human being . . . everything’s reduced to blank, rudimentary outlines, almost a placeholder for the original item. It’s like a simple pictographic representation of the pure idea of being someplace where there’s alcohol and people feel freaky and it’s time to party, etc.” Producers have realized that any factor of a cultural product that does not directly improve its success enough to justify the necessary effort is unnecessary. If musical ability is not directly related the success of a product then the effort to produce that element of the product is extraneous and there is no incentive for it. This factor, along with technology, suggests that it is not teens themselves that have changed so much as the context in which they are able to operate. They now have an avenue to be as lazy as they want, and to embrace talentless art and entertainment. Previous generations did not have the ability to do so, though they likely would have. When there were fewer options for entertainment, you really invested in the ones you found that you liked. When you didn’t have something more gratifying at your fingertips, you had less of a problem with doing something somewhat boring for an hour or two. In terms of the art/entertainment, it was simply that the early Beatles happened to be talented because that was necessary to make music at the time. The screaming girls weren’t there because they studied the early Beatles’ chord progressions. The availability of gratification is much higher now, and the selling of cultural texts is more naked, essentialized and cynical, and together those create a context such that teens today have the ability to be “worse” in a way that previous generations would have taken full advantage of if they had been in a similar environment. “I don’t think it’s the youth, per se,” Schneider told me. “I think it’s the conditions in which we all reside . . . and we don’t recognize those conditions.” What was wrong? So at the end of the day, what did turn out to be wrong with the youth? Well, they’re pretty entitled — which stems largely from their parenting. They like vapid things — because entertainment companies realized that quality has only ever been marginally necessary for a popular product. They don’t engage critically with things because, well, North American society in general doesn’t engage all that critically with things. They have no attention span and don’t engage deeply with issues or cultural objects because we have the technology to constantly distract and amuse us. We see all these more pronouncedly in our youngest generations because these conditions are all they’ve known. So what is wrong with kids these days? It seems like it’s just more blatant versions of what’s wrong with everyone these days.

Cameron Welch — The Phoenix (UBC Okanagan) — CUP FEATURE

January 12, 2012 MARTLET



I don’t like to be entertaining. I don’t like the feeling of being entertaining. – Ryan Gosling

Golden Globe Trotting: the board game The 2012 Golden Globes screen on Sunday, Jan. 15, and you can make the glitz and fun last forever with this red-carpet walk! All you need are dice, scissors and tape. Cut out the figures on the opposite page (you can be Ryan Gosling, Tintin or Tilda Swinton). Fold them in half and tape the tabs at the bottom together to make a little celebrity pyramid. Roll the dice, and you’re on your way. Sidestep Matt LeBlanc’s water truck accident, the demise of the cast of Glee and the cameras of the paparazzi to win a Golden Globe!


Break a leg! Actually, you have no legs and are made of paper, so you’re more likely to tear your head than an appendage. So break your … face?

Captain Haddock beats the shit out of Puss In Boots. The awards are delayed while an ambulance is called. Zooey Deschanel immediately posts a sombre ukulele tribute on YouTube.

Matt LeBlanc (nominated for Best Performance by an Actor In A Television Series – Comedy Or Musical) makes an unkind remark about his erstwhile Friends co-star Jennifer Aniston. He’s mysteriously crushed by a truckload of Smartwater at the Vanity Fair after-party. Stock up on bottled quasi-water during the ensuing pandemonium.

Move ahead one space.

You miss a turn.

Kate Winslet wins Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture – Comedy or Musical for her role in Carnage. Someone yells “Way to go, Rose!” during her speech, and she throws the award, which narrowly misses your head and re-breaks Owen Wilson’s nose.

Move ahead one space.

Jodie Foster wins Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture – Comedy or Musical for her role in Carnage. Someone shouts, “Way to go, Clarice!” during her speech. Foster throws the award, which knocks you out.

Go back three spaces. BUSINESS


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MARTLET January 12, 2012




Tilda Swinton brings a bow and arrow as a red carpet accessory thanks to her nomination for We Need To Talk About Kevin. She shoots you in the knee.

The ice sculptures are modelled after Ryan Gosling’s abs in Crazy, Stupid, Love. Brad Pitt sulks. George Clooney weeps in the mens’ room. You can take his seat.

Go back two spaces.

Move ahead two spaces.

The chefs cooking the dinner for Golden Globe guests have a dessert crisis. The planes carrying the chocolate from Switzerland, the acacia honey caramel from France, the hazelnuts from Italy and the almond paste from Spain all crashed over the Atlantic. (And yes, they really sourced their dessert from all those locales.) That 100-mile diet karma is a bitch. Good thing you support local farmers.

Move ahead two spaces.

Paparazzi mob!

Move ahead one space. Charlize Theron says goodbye Monster and Hello Kitty. She sports the cat-festooned shirt from her Golden Globe-nominated role in Young Adult on the red carpet. Elsewhere in L.A., Mariah Carey throws a press conference to remind the public she was wearing Hello Kitty before it was cool.

Meanwhile, you move ahead three spaces.

The cast of Glee bursts onto the stage to accept the award for Best Television Series – Comedy or Musical. All but three cast members are suffocated by a potent mix of sparkles and panicky monarch butterflies that are released onto the stage.

Move ahead two spaces.

Viggo Mortensen reminds us that he rides horses and owns a small printing press. We forget how creepy he is as Sigmund Freud in A Dangerous Method.

You also forget to take your next turn.

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January 12, 2012 MARTLET



If at first you do succeed, try again This week, we introduce a sex column — we know you can’t always get lucky through luck alone > ELLA WEATHERILT In honour of the season of giving that’s just passed, I’d like to talk about those special folks who give not only once, but twice. That’s right, kiddies — I’m talking about repeat offenders. Those select individuals who see you naked more than once, and who allow you to see them naked, too. Now, I’m not talking about people who you elect to have more than just a one-night stand with. I’m talking about those folks you bang (for however long), part from (for whatever reason) and then (at whatever point) return

to and bang again. Let’s be honest with ourselves here people: how often do you stop banging someone but keep the door open for future prospective banging? If you’re anything like me, your sexual relationships usually end for a reason, be it something as simple as oral technique or as complicated as one’s attitude towards procreating. I’d like to make it clear that the repeat offender is a rare breed. They’re that special mix of somebody who you used to have sex with, but don’t hate. A special circumstance must also exist — something that discontinued

your sexual interactions regardless of personal preference (for example, you moved). Yes, new is exciting, and there is nothing new about the repeat offender. They have seen you naked. Your ass tattoo is no longer an exciting secret, and they often remember, sometimes without fondness, your peculiar bedroom quirks (it is never okay to keep your socks on, people — never). But they also remember a lot of other specific details about your naked fun times (read: all the shit that you actually like having done to you). Et voilà: a second first-time interaction in which you don’t have to educate the other

person as to how your junk works. This special circumstance also often allows for a “hey, look what I can do now” opportunity. This will leave you with that warm, fuzzy feeling after having given the proverbial “suck it” to the uneducated whelp that was your past self. Sounds like a dream, don’t it? So next Christmas, when you’re feeling sexually frustrated and trying to avoid your relatives, give the gift that keeps on giving. Hook up with somebody you used to bone. If you aren’t left with that warm, tingly sense of satisfaction, at least you got laid.


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MARTLET January 12, 2012




The lost library: volume one > BLAKE MORNEAU Classic rock radio is like modern rock radio: stale, boring and obvious. It forces anyone who wants to find the deep roots of modern music to scour record crates, talk to friends and read endlessly — all to try to find those hidden-gem albums. The albums that were streets ahead of the times in which they were released are waiting to be unpeeled, tasted and enjoyed now. Usually these albums are by artists who toiled in obscurity, but sometimes they’re records released by famous artists that just fell by the wayside. One of the few things that exhilarate me more than finding these records is sharing these records with people. I bring you, loyal reader, the first volume of The Lost Library.

Blue Highway, Hinton channels the best parts of those ’60s and ’70s soul masterpieces and distils them down to pure southern soul music. The music is lean and muscular. The rhythm section pounds and drives forward while caressing Hinton’s supple, effective guitar licks. The organ (played by former B.B. King player Ron Levy) is beautifully understated and only adds to the supreme romanticism of Hinton’s lyrics and playing, while the powerful horn section adds a certain swing and emotional depth that can be found in the best soul and R&B records from the ’50s onward. Hinton’s voice is worn and jagged but full of emotion, never failing to convey earnestness and sweetness. Very Blue Highway is exclusively about the trials and rewards of being deeply in love. Despite that lame subject matter, at no point do the lyrics come across as sappy. Hinton uses his raw, whisky-ravaged voice to wail his pleas and confessions to his dearest love. Hinton may have not gotten his due in his day from popular music fans, but serious soul and R&B fans owe him and his guitar a great debt. Eugene McDaniels – Headless Heroes of the Apocalypse (1971)

Eddie Hinton – Very Blue Highway (1993) Eddie Hinton played guitar in Alabama’s legendary Muscle Shoals Sound Rhythm Section. This rhythm section provided accompaniment on hit records by music icons like Otis Redding, Aretha Franklin, Elvis Presley and Solomon Burke, just to name a few. On Very

here is supple, dark and twisting — heavy on psychedelic rhythms and time signatures. It’s the perfect sonic background for McDaniels’ intense, thought-and-fear-provoking lyrics. Legend has it that Vice President Spiro Agnew called Atlantic Records to complain about the content of the album and force them to stop promoting the album. With such boldly honest statements as “Niggers and crackers/Racial pawns in the master game/The player who controls the board sees them all as the same/ basically cannon fodder /Industry and war machines/These are the kings in the master game,” it’s easy to see why the powers that be would be scared. There’s even an attack on the one of the great thieves of black music, Mick Jagger, in the delightfully vicious “Jagger The Dagger.” McDaniels croons, “Jagger sucking the source of life/slicing the pig with a horny knife.” It’s no wonder this is one of the most sampled records in hip-hop, and it’s a shame that it has become such a lost treasure, because Headless Heroes of the Apocalypse is a landmark record both for its bold political statements and for a sound as diverse as the country it comes from.

Gene McDaniels had minor success as a soul singer in the early and mid-’60s. After the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968, McDaniels moved to Europe to focus on his craft. He returned soon after as Eugene McDaniels with Headless Heroes of the Apocalypse, a scathing indictment of not only the United States’ merciless persecution of its minority citizens, but of the co-opting of black culture by white America. He also took issue with the country’s foreign policies. Headless Heroes of the Apocalypse is a long way from the generic, inoffensive soul crooning of McDaniels’ earlier work, as evidenced by the photo of McDaniels in war paint screaming at the listener on the album jacket. The sound

SATURDAY JANUARY 14 The Boom Booms, Carmanah, Mike Edel Sugar 9 p.m. $12 advance, $15 at the door Strap on your dancing shoes and expect a lively night of music from West Coast acts The Boom Booms, Carmanah and Mike Edel.

MONDAY, JANUARY 16 Jamaraoke with The Party on High Street Felicitas 9 p.m. Free It’s like karaoke but with a live band instead of a box. Tons of songs to chose from. They’ll even take requests. Every Monday.

THURSDAY, JANUARY 19 Excision, Neon Steve, DJ Generic Club 9one9 $35/$40 Are you a fan of big bass? Excision’s set will deliver some of the dirtiest, most aggressive beats ever to blast out of Club 9one9’s sound system. Don’t forget your earplugs!


Victoria Events Centre 7 p.m. $10–$15 suggested donation A documentary about Chogyam Trungpa, a.k.a. “the bad boy of Buddhism.” A major figure in bringing Tibetan Buddhism to the west, his controversial ways earned him admiration and criticism. A discussion on spirituality in our changing economy will follow.

WEDNESDAY JANUARY 18 TRIMPIN: The Sound of Invention

Diverting, not delicious Japanese Village fails to inspire in spite of entertaining chefs’ tricks > KAITLYN ROSENBURG



WEDNESDAY JANUARY 18 Crazy Wisdom: The Life and Times of Chogyam Trungpa, Rinpoche


As a child, I was told to never play with my food because it was rude. The minds behind Japanese Village restaurant were probably not brought up the way I was, because they excel in entertainment. Unfortunately, the food itself is unimaginative. I try to avoid Victoria’s tourist-aimed eateries, but for a friend’s birthday, I made an exception. Although Japanese Village would not be my first choice of dining locales, it was easy to see why every seat was filled the Friday night we visited. Japanese Village is a Teppanyaki restaurant. Intimate tables of dark wood that seat groups of up to eight face inwards, so everyone can watch their meal being cooked in front of them on the Teppan grill. Groups smaller than eight are seated with other guests, and the tables can get crowded quickly. The restaurant has no need for music; it would be undetectable amidst the clang of knives hitting the grills. The birthday girl was the centre of attention at our table. Our Teppan chef was funny and skilled at his job, creating the clichéd onion volcano. If only the food amused me as much as he did. All dinners come with miso soup, salad, assorted vegetables and unlimited rice. Your protein selection dictates the price. I ordered teriyaki steak ($20.35). The birthday girl had salmon teriyaki ($21.25), and the others ordered chicken teriyaki ($20). The soup was gritty and salty. The salad contained a few pieces of iceberg lettuce

Events: January 12-19

Visual Arts Building, Room A162 8 p.m. Free Trimpin is a specialist in interfacing computers with traditional acoustic instruments. This documentary examines the life and work of the Seattle-based artist. Students from UVic’s music and fine arts departments will work with Trimpin himself when he visits UVic from January 17–20.

THURSDAY JANUARY 19 Peace Out Cinecenta, SUB 7 p.m $5.60 for UVic students An award-winning documentary about the cost of oil extraction in Western Canada. The movie is a debate between academics, activists, oil executives, nuclear spokesmen and tarsands reps.

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dotted with dried cranberries and radish. The vegetables were simply sautéed mushrooms, zucchini and onion. The rice was standard white. Our group devoured every morsel of the blasé Japanese BBQ, not because of the taste, but because of our hunger. Service was slow and our server extremely forgetful of appetizer and drink orders. While I appreciate that each meal component item is cooked individually, I would prefer to enjoy my entire meal at the same time, as protein was the last item to hit the grill. My steak was little more than a beef stir-fry one could buy at a food court. The salmon was mealy and obviously frozen. If you

find yourself at Japanese Village, order the chicken. Although it was the farthest from traditional Japanese fare, at least it was tender. Each meal concludes with a small bowl of orange sherbet, another unimaginative touch. For those who are not concerned with taste, Japanese Village is the one-hit wonder of downtown Victoria.




The Japanese Village Restaurant 734 Broughton Street Lunch: Monday to Friday, 11:30 a.m. to 2 p.m.
 Dinner: 5 p.m. onwards every day Reservations recommended (250-382-5165) January 12, 2012 MARTLET


Moe Clark on healing with words > JENNY BOYCHUK

Moe Clark will perform and teach a workshop while in Victoria. ourselves and to heal our communities,” said Clark. What’s next on the project list? “I’m working on a curriculum for Aboriginal youth: to look at storytelling and poetry and how it can be used as a tool to support feeling and transformation in youth who have experienced trauma,” said Clark. “I’m also excited to work towards another CD, which I think will be a launching point for me. And also, a video poem with some friends in

FoR THe WeeK oF JanUaRy 10, 2012

CFUV Top Ten

What’s your inner mythology? Do you know where you came from? Moe Clark, a spoken-word and multidisciplinary artist, wants to help you answer your personal questions by sharing hers — and she’s doing it through spoken-word poetry. Clark consults her Métis roots to help fuel her fiery, inspirational performances. “My work really stems from an interest in circle singing, traditional song, poetry, writing, spoken-word performance and identifying my relationship to the land and culture,” said Clark in a phone interview from a friend’s house in Vancouver. “What’s unique is that I use a looping pedal in my work, and so I’m able to create a kind of soundscape backdrop through looping vocals and sound for my poetry to then be performed on top of.” A looping pedal is a machine used to record sounds on top of each other. The sounds, including vocals and instruments, can then be replayed continuously. Clark uses it as a way to bridge media and also to include her audience’s voice in her performances. “So it’s not just spoken word and it’s not just song. It’s really a mix,” said Clark. Her career began about seven years ago when she was studying art in Calgary. “I met a really awesome spoken-word artist, and she just gave me an opportunity to explore spoken word,” said Clark. “Threeand-a-half years ago, I moved to Montreal after I released an album, and since then I’ve been doing lots of spoken word, performance work and collaborations with different artists.” These artists include dance and film artists. Clark will be performing in Victoria for the first time at the Solstice Café on Jan. 12.   “Recently, I’ve been thinking about how, as contemporary people, we are really living

in a migratory time. With communication, Internet and the ability to travel quite freely, I’m looking at how the stories I choose to share have a different effect in a different place and a different value depending where I’m sharing them,” said Clark. “And [I’m] exploring themes of the missing and murdered Aboriginal women in Canada because I feel like, in B.C. especially, it’s a very exposed issue.” “I try to draw from the idea that poetry, performance and creation can really lead and support transformation,” said Clark. “A lot of the work that I create will try to solve a problem or at least expose a problem or tension — whether that be exposing what happened in residential schools, [or] what we can try to do to evoke change within our communities and in stigmatized standpoints that a lot of people have, whether or not they know it. How can we broaden our minds and our hearts?” Clark tries to use issues from the past as a way to change the future. “We draw from symbols and stories and what’s happened in the historical past, and how we use that information to kind of bridge with contemporary realities and struggles,” said Clark.  “Being a Métis individual — a female, an artist — and having lived in mostly urban settings my whole life, I feel like I am constantly grappling with the idea of how do I use some of these traditions to create in modern times, and how do I honour my experience?” She also focuses on interviewing Aboriginal elders and touches on subjects like mental illness and its stigmatization. “My intention is to open up a space and invite people in to exploring their own living mythology; how we create stories and connect with others through story-telling. Through poetry, we have the power to heal

Montreal about ‘Butterfly Ashes,’ which is the piece that I will probably be performing [in Victoria] about the missing and murdered Aboriginal women in Canada.” Clark will also be hosting a workshop called “Looping Landscapes” on Saturday, Jan. 14 from 1–3 p.m. at Intrepid Theatre Club. “Spoken-word is kind of the underdog in terms of recognizing it as a literary form. But it’s really amazing,” she said.

1. YAMANTAKA//SONIC TITAN * YT//ST (Psychic Handshake) 2. BORN GOLD * Bodysongs (Hovercraft) 3. TOM WAITS Bad As Me (Anti-) 4. TIM HECKER * Dropped Pianos (Kranky) 5. THE ROOTS Undun (Def Jam) 6. MAZZY STAR Common Burn/Lay Myself Down (12-inch; Self-Released) 7. VARIOUS ARTISTS * Underground Hip Hop, Vol. 7 (Urbnet) 8. LOLA PARKS + Here (Self-Released) 9. THE BLACK KEYS El Camino (Nonesuch) 10. TY SEGALL Singles 2007-2010 (Goner) * Canadian artist


+ local artist


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Hear the weekly top ten on Charts and Graphs Tuesdays at 3:00PM on CFUV 101.9FM or online!

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MARTLET January 12, 2012


Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra flies home > JAIME CHONG In August of 1996, a band called The Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra opened for â&#x20AC;&#x2122;90s pre-teen sensations the Hanson Brothers at a music conference in Memphis, Tenn. Despite the contrast in the two bandsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; musical styles, they opened as a favour for a friend. Since then, The Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra has altered its band members numerous times and become a tighter, more concrete band. On Thursday, Jan. 12, the boys play with Shane Philip at the Victoria Event Centre. The Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra is a harmonic five-piece gypsy-folk-roots band whose current members started playing together regularly in September 2007. The boys met around Victoria, mainly from being in similar jam-session circles. With Ian Griffiths on accordion, Kurt Loewen on guitar, Peter Mynett on stand-up bass, Paul Wolda on percussion and Patrick Mâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Gonigle on mandolin and violin, The Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra produces a sultry explosion of melodic storytelling. All the bandmates sing, and their music is elegantly narrated. I wish my bedtime stories had been as well-told when I was a child. The Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra has toured across Canada, the United States and Europe, and is hoping to venture to Cuba and Australia as well. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Every tour is remarkably different,â&#x20AC;? says Mâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Gonigle. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Even if weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re on the same highway in the same vehicles with the same instruments, playing even a lot of the same music, each tour is its own living, moving thing, and so thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no favourite or least favourite. Theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re all just a different experience.â&#x20AC;? The Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra morphed into its current iteration through some chance encounters, misplaced ambitions and steep learning curves between the


Victoria darlings The Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra play on Jan. 12 with Shane Philip. years of 2006 and 2007. Ian Griffith was one of the original three band members. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I met Ian . . . because I was interested in his girlfriend at the time,â&#x20AC;? says Wolda, who is a former UVic student. Their manager at the time was looking to incorporate a djembe into their act. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I was like, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Well you know, I could play the djembe,â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;? says Loewen. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t really know what the djembe was. I thought you just hit it with your hands and made rhythms. I was like, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;I can keep beats â&#x20AC;&#x201D; thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fine, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll do that.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then I met Paul [Wolda], and Paul was a legitimate hand percussionist, and that was when I realized I probably shouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t play the djembe.â&#x20AC;? Mynett and Mâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Gonigle met when they both had a gig playing with Hannah Georgas.

Says Mâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Gonigle, â&#x20AC;&#x153;We were a beginning band with no bass player, and Peter was a bass player, so he was like, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Yeah, sweet, I want to join your band.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; And I was like, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Yeah, cool man. Do you play upright?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; and he was like, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Nope, but Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll learn.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; So I kind of patted him on the back and said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Great, pal â&#x20AC;&#x201D; thanks for coming.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;? Mâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Gonigle didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t believe that Mynett would actually become proficient at standup bass. An album and a double EP later, Mynett has proved his mettle, as have the rest of the bandmates. For all their musical aptitude, the band is stumped by the question of who their musical influences are. They all firmly state, â&#x20AC;&#x153;We listen to everything.â&#x20AC;? Last June, the band spent a month on a

small apple orchard farm on an island near Qualicum Beach. There, they experimented with new jams as they watched the wild sheep roam. They pumped out a few new EPs that can be heard on their website, While youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re listening to those new tunes, be sure to mark your calendars for when this Mockingbird lands back in Victoria. The Tequila Mockingbird Orchestra (with Shane Philip) Thursday, January 12 The Victoria Event Centre 8:30 p.m. â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 1:30 a.m. $14.50/$16.50


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Just be out there in it. You know, big mountains, rivers, sky, game. Just be out there in it, you know? In the wild.

Left: A boardwalk winds though the woods near Tofino. Right: A view of the shore from the Juan de Fuca Marine Trail, near Bear Beach.


Vancouver Island’s best camping When planning your spring break, consider staying close to home but far from civilization > BRITNY MARTLIN

We rounded the bend and stared down the hill at a mother black bear and two cubs. They were less than 200 metres away from us, standing on the trail. The mother turned her head towards us. A lens cap was pushed into my hands as my mom started snapping pictures. I think she may have gotten one good shot of the mother’s rear as they pawed back into the forest. This is one of many memories I have of camping around Vancouver Island as a youth. It’s not so easy now that I am in university; it is not as if I have weeks of free time with no homework and no worries as I did when I was younger. But now that spring is on its way (almost), it is time to start thinking about weekend trips and getting reconnected with the true West Coast. For that real Vancouver Island experience, I would recommend heading out to the Port Renfrew area. Accessing it is a bit more diffi-

cult than popping over to Goldstream, which is great for a day hike or even some camping, but it is definitely worth the trip. Port Renfrew is just a two-hour drive from Victoria along Highway 14. It’s a quaint town that gives the perfect West Coast experience with less danger of mud puddles and fog. My favourite place to camp there is the Pacheedaht First Nations Campground, just across the river from the townsite and right on San Juan Beach. Pitching a tent in the sand and lazing around on the beach is a great way to spend a weekend, especially with friends. When I want more than a cursory, touristy look at the West Coast, I go to China Beach,

about 45 minutes before Port Renfrew on Highway 14. It is about a 10-minute walk down to the beach; hiking boots are definitely not necessary for this one. The beach offers camping sites on the bluff above the sand and great views of the ocean. The Juan de Fuca trail starts at China Beach, and from there it is a 45-minute hike to Mystic Beach. It gets the heart rate up, but it’s not too difficult for a regular person. The one thing I never forget on a hike — even a short one — is my bag of peanuts. I have found they are the best way to stay energized. The trail to Mystic Beach is beautiful (but watch out for the slick trail in the spring — you may end up thigh-deep in mud if you slip

off the planks laid along the trail). Once you get to the beach itself, a whole new world opens up. At Mystic you can camp right on the beach, although it is great for a day adventure, too. The best thing to do at Mystic is explore. At the south end, a waterfall cascades over the cliffs, while at the north end there are caves in the rock cliff that are large enough to wander through, at low tide. For a bit more of a challenge, hike the trail from Mystic Beach to Bear Beach, which is full of ups and downs and takes about an hour. Bear Beach is a perfect place to sit and try to spot grey whales passing by in the spring or fall. Camping right on the beach is mandatory and gives one of the best experiences the Juan de Fuca trail has to offer. Spring is coming. It is time to start getting back outside and exploring. The southern west coast of the Island is perfect for a weekend adventure.




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MARTLET January 12, 2012


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Science! – Magnus Pyke

The science of the Apocalypse The academic paper,

> ALAN PIFFER Will the world end in 2012? Not according to Colin Goldblatt, an assistant professor in UVic’s School of Earth and Ocean Sciences. However, an apocalypse will eventually happen. People just have to be a bit more patient . . . to the tune of 500 million years. Goldblatt was the host of a recent Cafe Scientifique lecture, “The Physics and Chemistry of the Apocalypse,” which addressed the Earth’s ultimate future. “This problem, it’s about the future of Earth, which is why we’re talking about it as the apocalypse,” explains Goldblatt. “And it’s the history of Venus, and it’s something we’re going to see in the atmospheres of extrasolar planets, planets around other stars, which we’re going to be able to observe in the next five to 25 years.” Goldblatt claims higher output from the sun is what will do the Earth in. In 500 million years’ time, the Sun’s output will have increased by about 10 to 15 percent, and this will start a process leading to what is called a runaway greenhouse effect. As the Earth absorbs more energy from the sun, its surface temperature will heat up, creating more water vapour in the atmosphere, which, as it builds up, will prevent extra heat from escaping into outer space. “Once we get to a very hot atmosphere that’s got a lot of water vapour in it, then you essentially block that [release of heat into space] off,” explains Goldblatt. “The only place you get heat out to space from is the upper atmosphere. But because you’ve gone to an atmosphere that’s tending toward the pure steam atmosphere, because you’re evaporating so much, you end up with a fixed temperature pressure profile in the upper atmosphere. And that means you have a fixed amount of heat that you can get out to space.” As Goldblatt explains, any humans that are unfortunate enough to be living on Earth 500 million years from now will not experience an immediate change. The Earth will reach a tip-

ping point where rapid change will occur, but this tipping point would last centuries. “It’s not going to happen overnight, because it takes a lot of energy to boil water, to make steam. You’ve still got to get that energy from the sun,” says Goldblatt. “It’s very rapid on a geological time-scale, but probably still longer than human lifetimes.” But once things do get cooking, the Earth would be a much different place than it is now. “Then we’ll get up to the critical point of water, that’s 647 degrees Kelvin [374°C], and at that point, liquid water and vapour become indistinguishable,” says Goldblatt. “So that’s it for the ocean; it’s all atmosphere now. And we’ll keep getting warmer, and then we’ll get to a point where carbonate rock — limestone, chalk, that kind of thing — starts to break down and release CO₂. That’s like what happens in a lime kiln. You bake limestone to make lime, and that releases carbon dioxide.” Goldblatt explains that at that point, the Earth’s atmosphere would be about 300 times thicker than it is today. “And then that’s it! We have Venus,” he says. While Goldblatt says that some life will be able to survive the increased heat, nothing on Earth will survive its eventual surface temperature of 1 100°C. “Once we get into a runaway greenhouse, that really is the end. No life will survive that.” Goldblatt says that scientists have been able to determine that Venus, the most Earth-like planet in the solar system in terms of size and atmosphere, once suffered a similar fate. These results were determined by observing the characteristics of its atmosphere. The runaway greenhouse effect would have occurred earlier due to Venus being closer to the sun. “It looks like a kind of Earth that’s been cooked, basically,” says Goldblatt. And while the Cafe Scientifique event defi-

Once we get into a runaway greenhouse, that really is the end. No life will survive that. Colin Goldblatt UVic SEOS

nitely had a provocative title, what Goldblatt was discussing was by no means alarmist. He points out that human-caused climate change, although a cause for concern, would not lead to this same effect. “Is climate change going to cause a runaway greenhouse, or any other kind of apocalypse? No,” says Goldblatt. “There’s not going to be any kind of physically driven apocalypse that’s going to come from climate change. It’s going to be an ordinary danger we know how to deal with; it’s just as a society, we are refusing to deal with it.” And as to other apocalyptic theories floating around that a quick YouTube search could turn up, Goldblatt dismisses these pseudoscientific conspiracy theories, saying that making good use of science would dispel that kind of thinking. “If there’s any kind of conspiracy theory on the apocalypse, I’m not in on it,” jokes Goldblatt. “You know, the most secret thing when I worked at NASA was where you could get the best beer on base.”

The surface of Venus: the future of Earth.

“The Runaway Greenhouse: implications for future climate change, geoengineering and planetary atmospheres,” detailing Colin Goldblatt and Andrew J. Watson’s research that was discussed in this article, can be viewed here:


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Splash, splash, leg kick, splash. The arms are up, the legs are too. Watch out for my head!

Synchro: Swimming to the rhythm > JENNY BOYCHUK Imagine dancing upside down with half your body out of the water while holding your breath, counting beats to music and synchronizing yourself with the people around you — all while trying not to kick anyone in the face. Sound tough? Synchronized swimming definitely takes practice — the UVic Synchro Club will vouch for that. The club has had its fair share of hurdles this year, but that isn’t stopping them from hoping to perform at the Canadian University Synchronized Swimming League (CUSSL) Western Championships at the University of British Columbia on Jan. 21, and the National Championships at the University of Calgary on Feb. 4. The first issue the team faced at the beginning of the season in September was a lack of president and coach. “I took over this year because the president last year decided that she didn’t want to do it anymore,” says club president and recent UVic education graduate Lisa Kouzmina. “But there are tasks delegated to each girl, so it’s not just me.” As for a coach, longtime synchro swimmer and first-year psychology student Moira McAvoy took the job. “I was originally going to swim when I came here, but it just worked out that the club didn’t really have a coach and things were a little bit chaotic, so I stepped up and I’ve really enjoyed it,” says McAvoy. “I’ve coached before but only ages six to ten — but it’s way different coaching people your own age.” While the club has been around for almost 10 years, the members only recently fundraised enough money to purchase a sound system that allows them to hear their music underwater — a key component to their success. “When we didn’t have music under the water it put us at a huge disadvantage with other universities,” says Kouzmina, who is in her second year with the club. “But we were able to fundraise enough, which is great. We actually used [the sound system] for the first

UVic synchro leaps into competition later this month. time last week.” The club is small and encourages anyone with or without experience to come out and give synchro a try. “We have a competitive group of eight members and also a novice group which consists of people who have never done synchro before,” says Kouzmina. “There are only two girls on the novice team this year and so they will be swimming a duet. Last year we had a novice team compete at Westerns and they placed second [in the novice category], which was pretty cool.”


While it’s too late in the season to expect to compete, you can still come out and practise. If you like it, you can compete next season. “Anyone can have a chance to come and see what synchro is like. But it’s sad that there aren’t more people who come out,” says Kouzmina, and notes that it’s also difficult to get males interested in the sport. The club holds four practices a week — a necessary commitment. “Synchro is one of the most brain-challenging sports because you have to count the music, hold your breath, keep to the pattern and

still move and do the right movements. It’s like doing five components in one,” says McAvoy. “One big thing is muscle conditioning, so doing the ‘egg beater’ to keep yourself upright, and then once you have the hang of that you start thinking about the counts and everything else,” says Kouzmina. “Also, you have to try and keep a pattern. We don’t want everyone floating at opposite ends of the pool. We want to be in a concise, recognizable pattern — not a blob.” As if it isn’t difficult enough, swimmers cannot wear goggles during competitions. “It’s kind of like being someone who has to take their glasses off, you can’t really see,” says McAvoy. “Concussions are one of the most common injuries just from everyone being so close. And when we do throws it’s very easy to hit each other — I’ve had concussions myself and I know lots of people who have had them as well. It really is a contact sport.” The club is working towards perfection, whatever that may be, and is hoping for an even better showing than last year. “We placed in the top three in the solo category at Westerns that we hosted last year. We also got bronze for our routine and a duet got silver,” says Kouzmina. “We’re learning how to swim with the music underwater now, and the music we chose is much faster than we originally thought.” The team has also faced more personal issues. “We’ve definitely had some challenges and rough patches where people don’t get along, but we’ve really overcome a lot of that,” says McAvoy. “The first couple practices after Christmas break were challenging and a bit rougher than we’d like them to be, but the team has been really positive so I feel like we’ll be ready for the competitions and we’ll definitely bring our best.” If you want to check out synchronized swimming, the club will be performing a water show in McKinnon pool on Jan. 29 from 5–7 p.m.


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MARTLET January 12, 2012

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Vikes prepare for indoor track season > LIAM BUTLER The members of the Vikes cross country and track team are preparing for the transition towards the indoor track circuit as they hope to build on their success from the cross country season. The Vikes were able to achieve their best team results in the past 10 years as both the women’s (silver) and men’s (bronze) teams secured spots on the podium at the crosscountry nationals in November in Quebec City. However, what was most impressive to the Vikes’ coaches was the dramatic improvement they saw in their runners. “Most of our guys were 20 to 30 seconds faster in the 10k [race],” says Associate Coach Keith Butler. “Three of our runners ran well enough this year to make the national university team.” The three runners, Stephanie Trenholm on the women’s side and Dylan Haight and Cliff Childs on the men’s, will represent Canada this spring at the World University Cross Country Championships in Lodz, Poland. The Vikes received excellent contributions from the team’s rookies as well. Newcomers Ellen Pennock and Ryan Cassidy both won their respective races at the National Junior Championships in Vancouver, also in November. Cassidy was named to the Canadian Junior Team and will travel to Trinidad and Tobago to participate in the North America, Central American and Caribbean (NACAC) Championships. With the conclusion of the cross country season, the Vikes’ focus now shifts towards the indoor track season. Expectations are

high; the team is looking to improve on their fourth-place finish at nationals a year ago. The men’s team dominated their signature event, the 4 x 800–metre relay, five years in a row before their run was interrupted by back-to-back third place finishes. The Vikes believe that the past couple of years have been nothing but an aberration and are determined to recapture what they feel is rightfully theirs. The coaches expect strong seasons from John Pratt, who is the reigning Western Canada 800-metre champion, and Adam Gaudes, who holds the UVic record for the 300- and 400-metre events, but will move up to the 800-metre this year. The women’s team success depends on Trenholm, who will be looking to win the national 1 500-metre crown this season, and rookie Rachel Francois, who will help strengthen the 4 x 400– and 4 x 800–metre relay teams. Francois is coming off a season where she represented Canada in the Pan American Junior Championships in Florida. The Vikes hope to qualify 18 athletes for the indoor championships in Winnipeg, which is a step up from the 12 they took last year. In order to qualify, an athlete must finish in the top two at the Canada West Championships or meet the qualifying standards. The Vikes will get their first opportunity to qualify at the Golden Bear Classic in Edmonton on Jan. 20 and 21, but will have further chances at the University of Washington Classic on Jan. 28, and at the Bison Classic in Winnipeg on Feb. 3. The CIS championships are March 8–10 in Winnipeg.





January 12, 2012 MARTLET


COMICS & diversions

Blistering barnacles! Back, you rats! Avast, sea-lice! Belay, lubberly scum!


HOROSCOPES FOR THE WEEK OF JANUARY 5TH - BY CANDACE O’NEILL Capricorn (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19): While you may be feeling relieved that you survived the expensive holiday season relatively unscathed, it would be wise to hang on to that sense of frugality for just a few more weeks.

Cancer (June 21 - July 22):If you’re looking to find a sense of balance in your schedule this week, then you must be realistic. Don’t bite off more than you can chew or you will end up running yourself into the ground.

Aquarius (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18): Ignoring the problem won’t make it go away, Aquarius. Instead of hiding, try tackling the issue headon this week. It’s probably a lot less scary than you think.

Leo (July 23 - Aug. 22): Avoid any relationships this week, whether they are romantic or professional, which may result in any type of codependency. Maintaining a sense of independence is crucial right now.

Pisces (Feb. 19 - Mar. 20): It would be wise to make sure that you take the time to clearly communicate anything of extreme importance this week. A quick text or three-word email might lead to confusion and frustration.

Virgo (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22): Sometimes love is simply not enough to stay, Virgo. Rely equally on your head and your heart to make the right decision this week. You need to do what is best for you.

Aries (Mar. 21 - Apr. 19): Saying “sorry” this week is only a band-aid solution. If you are hoping for an actual resolution, it will be necessary to take the time to see the situation from another’s point of view. Taurus (Apr. 20 - May 20): Patience will be of the utmost importance this week, Taurus. You may be in a hurry to get things wrapped up, but not everyone is on your “get it done now” schedule.

Libra (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22): Try putting yourself first this week, Libra. It might be hard to fight your internal urge to please everyone all of the time, but sometimes, you simply have to say, “No.” Scorpio (Oct. 23 - Nov. 21): Don’t let your pride stand in the way of asking for some much needed help this week, Scorpio. Trying to do it all this week is not only impossible, but could land you in hot water.

Gemini (May 21 - June 20): Emotions may be at an all-time high this week, causing you to feel more stressed out than usual. Find ways to relax and unwind or you run the risk of taking those pent-up emotions out on the wrong person.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22 - Dec. 21): You might be exhausted, but now is not the time to throw in the towel, Sagittarius. With all eyes on you this week, it will be necessary to dig down deep and give it your all. The payoff will be worth it.

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January 12, 2012  

Issue 19, Volume 64