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THE UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA’S INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER OCTOBER 27, 2011 • VOLUME 64 • ISSUE 12 • MARTLET.CA

MUNICIPAL ELECTION COVERAGE 4 SUPER SOCCER SIBLINGS 12 LESSONS IN LASAGNA 18


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NEWS

Tilly is a cat. She is so very happy; She has two mommies.

Reproductive justice rally educates, rocks Rock expanded the conversation from abortion to all aspects of reproductive rights > GRAHAM BRIGGS Despite heavy rain, more than 200 people rallied for reproductive justice at Centennial Square on Saturday, Oct. 22. Rock for Reproductive Justice featured several speakers, and performances by artists Compassion Gorilla, Claire Mortifee, Medusa and Witch Baby. “Reproductive justice means the right to not have children, the right to have children and the right to parent . . . and making the decisions we need to about our sexuality and our own bodies,” Tara Paterson, MC and spokesperson for the Reproductive Justice Victoria Collective, told the crowd. The rally was prompted by 40 Days for Life, a Canada-wide anti-choice campaign in which protesters have picketed abortion clinics, according to Paterson. “When a group decided to set up shop in Victoria, B.C., for 40 days to harass women for making a decision about what is a legal medical service, we decided to say, ‘No way!’ ” Paterson said that reproductive justice requires easy access to free contraception and abortion services, a national childcare program, comprehensive sex education in schools, ending discrimination against queer and trans people who want to have children, recognition of midwives as the healers that they are, and an end to the cultural genocide of child apprehension so common in Indigenous communities. “Until all women, regardless of their race, their socio-economic status, their location, can access abortion and reproductive services and doctors can provide them free of violence, harassment and intimidation, we will fight!” said Paterson to cheers and applause. Shari Underwood, an Indigenous woman from Saanich, shared her elders’ experience of residential schools, and linked it to the B.C. Ministry of Children Family Development’s ongoing apprehensions of Indigenous children. “One of the stories that I was told when I was a child about my great-grandmother, was when they came to take her children to residential school, she held on to her youngest

son Josiah . . . and they both screamed, and then they pried them apart, and then they had to go away to residential school,” said Underwood. “The struggles that we’re having now with the Ministry, they also had with the government and the residential schools.” “I would like to see more local Indigenous people involved in . . . foster parenting, and foster-parent organizations run by local Indigenous women, but we haven’t gotten to that place yet,” she said. Joyce Arthur, executive director of the Abortion Rights Coalition of Canada, said in her speech that reproductive justice involves supporting the “complete wellbeing of women and girls, including their physical, mental, spiritual, political, economic and social well-being.” Arthur denounced several Conservative government policies, including the denial of funding for safe abortions in the G8 maternal health initiative for developing countries. “[Every year] 21 million women have unsafe, usually illegal, abortions . . . in the developing world. Forty-seven thousand die . . . and over eight million are injured. Our government refused to help these women, and even to pay for post-abortion care when a woman shows up to a hospital bleeding,” she said. Arthur warned that in Canada, “the antichoice movement wants to remove funding for abortion and make women pay out of pocket for their abortion . . . Funding for abortion is critical to ensure access, because without access to abortion, there is no right to abortion.” “We need to be vigilant,” said Arthur. “We have to fight any effort that might defund abortion or pass any law that might restrict abortion.” Arthur also stressed the need to destigmatize abortion. “If you’ve had an abortion, tell people about it,” she said. “I’ve had an abortion myself. There’s no shame in it. It’s a very common procedure. Support your friends who’ve had abortions. Bring it out of the closet . . . We can be pro-choice and proud.”

GRAHAM BRIGGS

UVic student Claire Mortifee pleased the crowd with her soulful hip-hop and R&B. Dr. Janni Aragon, a popular UVic political science prof, told the crowd of her own experience of sexual assault and subsequent abortion. “There will always be people who will say, ‘Well, if you don’t want to get pregnant, don’t have sex.’ It’s not quite that easy, trust me,” she said. “And, frankly, I’m a great example of this, and I’m going to share something publicly for the first time ever.” “I was gang-raped when I was in high school and I got pregnant,” said Aragon. “At that point in time I’d been told, ‘Good girls don’t have sex. Good girls certainly don’t get raped.’ I never reported it. I acted like it didn’t happen. I didn’t even tell my parents, initially.

On my own, I went to the welfare office and applied to the state of California for aid. And so I had the abortion . . . exactly two months after the rape.” Aragon also took aim at the Conservative government’s ongoing shift to the right and its framing of women’s issues as “special interest” issues. She urged the crowd to stay vigilant against the gradual erosion of reproductive rights in Canada. Rally organizer Lucia Orser, a UVic student, said the event was “a great success,” and hopes more events promoting reproductive justice will take place in the coming months.

Ancient Forest Alliance hosts rally to protect old growth > GREG FORSBERG

GREG FORSBERG

Hul’qumi’num Treaty group Chief Treaty Negotiator Robert Morales.

More than four hundred people showed up to support the Ancient Forest Alliance (AFA) last Thursday at Alix Goolden hall. The goal of the rally was to gather support from the community in a call to the provincial government to revamp forest policies. Protection of old growth forests, transition to a sustainable second-growth forestry economy, and a ban on exportation of raw logs were some of the main talking points from a diverse group of keynote speakers. Representatives from First Nations bands, forestry workers from the Pulp, Paper, and Woodworkers of Canada Union (PPWC), the Sierra Club, and the NDP’s forestry critic, Norm MacDonald, all spoke on the topics of old growth and forestry jobs. Robert Morales, Chief Treaty Negotiator of the Hul’qumi’num Treaty group discussed new land use plans calling for protection of old growth in First Nations territory across the province, as well as an increase in protected endangered forests. Morales is part of a group heading to Washington, D.C. to discuss with the Inter-American Commission the possible human rights violations in taking privately owned land off the table for negotiations. He states that in addition to hurting old growth forests, deforestation also affects Indigenous communities. The loss of trees, plants and animals hinders cultural teachings. Morales wants to push for a change in

Canadian domestic policy; the goal is not to displace people, but preserve forest jobs as well as the environment. The treaty group represents the largest grouping of First Nations on Vancouver Island from Shawnigan Lake to Nanaimo. Arnold Bercov, President of the PPWC, called for an end to raw log exports. Ken Wu of the AFA stated 1.1 million cubic metres of raw logs were exported to China in 2010, which represents the potential of 1 000 mill jobs if processed in B.C. A decline in coastal forestry employment can be attributed to a decline in old-growth stands, resulting in trees becoming increasingly expensive to reach. The importance of the forest to First Nations culture was driven home by Gisele Martin, Clayoquot Nuu-Cha-Nulth (Tlaoquiaht) Cultural Educator and tour operator. She stated

that the forest is a pharmacy, grocery store, a home, and important for the continuation of cultural education. To know the bark is ready on a tree for basket making one must literally hug the tree, and it is important to use all that you take. With old-growth forest on the decline, and mills having to switch procedures from old growth to second growth anyway, the AFA is calling for a switch as soon as possible. With the provincial election next year, Wu said that there is a minority of British Columbians that want the old growth finished off. “This is the ideal time to be pushing the B.C. government to develop comprehensive new policies because firstly, there is time to do it,” he says. “Secondly, we have time to build a broad-based movement to toss them out if they don’t.” The first of many public mobilizations, Wu states that AFA are going from the woods to the streets over the next year.

This is the ideal time to be pushing the B.C. government to develop comprehensive new policies. Ken Wu Ancient Forest Alliance

October 27, 2011 MARTLET

3


DOWNTOWN DEMOCRACY

Mayoral candidates plan for affordable housing > BRANDON ROSARIO For many students in Victoria, the term “affordable housing” can come off as absurd, if not completely paradoxical. The city’s vacancy rate is among the lowest in Canada, with rent averages that rival the country’s most expensive urban regions. The upcoming municipal election will bring housing issues to the forefront in areas like Saanich, Oak Bay and Victoria — with all three districts running mayoral candidates who have different ideas on how to increase affordability as well as availability for citizens and students alike. In Victoria, mayoral candidate Steve Filipovic has presented a no-cost housing strategy that encourages renters — students specifically — to pool their resources co-operatively in order to facilitate future ownership of residences. “[Renters] are already basically paying enough to support a mortgage with their rent,” says Filipovic. “[Co-operative housing] removes the barriers that prevents them from getting into ownership arrangements.” Filipovic’s strategy would allow students who live in a co-operative residence to sell their respective share on a market basis once they obtain their degrees and decide to move. Those who choose to stay in the city would then be able to take ownership of the residence and alleviate pressure on the rental market — which may drive prices down across the board. “There are so many people here in Victoria that are in it for the long haul and they’re stuck in rental traps . . . we have to work with free-market conditions to lower the rent for everyone else; we have to take the burden off supply and demand,” says Filipovic. Filipovic says the city has to “challenge the establishment; the way they’ve been doing business has been very cost prohibitive.” “We have to start dealing with smaller contractors that aren’t taking such a big cut off the top,” he says. However, under the direction of incumbent mayor Dean Fortin, certain changes to Victoria’s housing bylaws over the past few years

have resulted in positive reviews. The city was nationally recognized with a Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) award for its secondary suites grant program that was introduced in 2009. The program offers a grant equal to 25 per cent of construction costs up to $5 000 for homeowners who duplex their homes. “Secondary suites help improve housing affordability; increasing the density of our neighbourhoods while protecting green space,” says Fortin on his campaign website. Victoria is one of 11 municipalities in the Capital Regional District (CRD) to have legalized secondary suites. The remaining two, Oak Bay and the Highlands, are currently reviewing options for legalization — with numerous illegal secondary suites existing in defiance of unenforced housing bylaws. Niles Jensen and Hazel Braithwaite, Oak Bay councillors running for mayor in the wake of Christopher Causton, who is stepping down, are faced with the controversial issue surrounding the legalization of secondary suites — with surveys showing that the community is divided almost equally for and against. Both candidates, however, are in tentative agreement over the issue, being wary of the potentially negative effects that may come from changing Oak Bay bylaws. “I think at this point, to move forward on secondary suites would not be a wise idea,” says Jensen, who chaired a secondary suite task force for over a year. “The only way [to] move forward is if we could build a consensus around what types of secondary suites are allowed, what kind of housing, what areas [and] what conditions.” “Instead of tackling secondary suites as a stand-alone issue, we’re going to look at it in terms of a wider review of our official community plan.” Jensen says there are many other options for affordable housing in Oak Bay besides secondary suites, including family boarding, the construction of townhouses and other multiple dwellings and “Granny-suites”— temporary residences for the elderly that are

taken down when no longer needed. Braithwaite is also in favour of approaching housing in Oak Bay with citizen input toward the official community plan in mind. “My fundamental values don’t agree with duplexing all of Oak Bay,” says Braithwaite, “because there are a lot of issues that go along with [legalization] whether it’s parking or infrastructure costs.” “In a lot of places right now that have an illegal suite, they’re not up to building code. Would I want my daughter living in a suite that’s not up to building code? No.” However, Braithwaite acknowledges that elected officials have to listen to what people say. “If the people are going to come out and say that they want secondary suites I would go with them on that,” she said. “We would look at something like what Saanich did, which was spot-zoning.” Spot-zoning for secondary suites came into effect last year in Saanich with Mayor Frank Leonard and council giving owner-occupied residences south of McKenzie permission to duplex their homes. David Cubberly, a Saanich mayoral candidate who hopes to succeed Leonard, believes that the key to affordable housing lies at the federal level — and that the municipalities should work together to lobby for changes in tax policy that would encourage investment. “There are existing three- and four-story buildings in Victoria, Oak Bay and to some extent Saanich, that have some rental accommodation in them, but there haven’t been any new ones built in fifteen years,” says Cubberly. “I think until we make some policy changes at the federal government level, particularly around capital gains tax exemptions for certain classes of buildings, that we’re probably not going to see much market rental.” For Cubberly, the focus will be on working with other municipalities “to get the federal government to change tax policy so that we actually get people with capital who build these [rental accommodations] back in the market.”. The municipal elections will take place on Nov 19.

Victoria school trustee candidates focus on funding > KAILEY WILLETTS Underfunded is a prime focus for school trustees in the upcoming municipal election. “The mission statement of School District 61 is to provide a safe and responsible learning environment for every child,” says Deborah Nohr, a teacher who has taken a leave from her job to run for school trustee in the upcoming municipal election. Nohr is working with a five-member team: Edith Loring Kuhanga, David Bratzer, Rob Paynter and Catherine Alpha, to work toward positive change in School District 61. “All of us as a team believe that [their mission statement] is our first and foremost job. We are not going to be silenced, and not enable the underfunding to continue. We want to inform parents what it looks like in the classrooms and gain their informed participation in working to make the change.” Nohr says underfunding is one of the biggest problems impacting a child’s learning experience, and that when one population of children are underfunded, all children are affected. Funding in public schools in B.C. functions in two ways, Nohr explained. “There’s one for all children in the province within the classroom, and that’s about $8 500,” she says. However, problems occur when schools aren’t at full enrolment. “The school still needs to have library books; it still needs to have a full-time custodian; it still needs to have electricity bills paid; it still needs to have a full set of books because next year instead of 24 they might actually have 30 students,” she says. “The funding formula for children in the classroom is broken. A child might be gone, not on the list. There is none of that $8500, and it has been devastating for running a school district.” 4

MARTLET October 27, 2011

The other method of funding is for children with special needs who meet specific criteria. However, students are typically not funded for the full 30-hour school week. “This government funds most of them anywhere from 12–22 hours, and that’s a range,” explains Nohr. “Then you think, 22 hours, what about the other 8 hours of the school week? For 12, what about the other 18 hours of the school week?” This underfunding often leaves schools in the position of moving funds from other areas. “They say, ‘Oh you know what? You’ve got lots of funding for ESL [English as a Second Language]; we won’t put all of that money in ESL. We’ll take some of that money out and provide the additional [education assistant] time for that the student with really significant needs.’ Or instead of providing a learning assistant five days a week, ‘Mm, nope, only three — and we’ll take part of the packet of money that would pay her for five days. We’ll give it to an EA to cover the 30 hours,’ ” she says. Another solution Nohr has seen schools try is putting three students who have been funded for ten hours each in a class together to make up the 30 hours worth of funding. While the provincial government claims funding for schools is at a high point, Nohr points out that’s only in 2011 dollars, and is actually lower in terms of cost of living. Nohr’s trustee team is calling for a five-year funding formula to enable districts to plan for the future. “I think the liberal government, they’re very much into accountability and data, and I think that should resonate with them as a reasonable request,” she says. Nohr and her team also feel it’s important that school districts retain autonomy when making decisions about their schools. “We want to retain autonomy around creating how our schools work and how our district

works at the local level, so we support a free, collective, local bargaining, because we feel we don’t need the big arm of the provincial government in their paternalistic way telling us how to do everything,” she says. “We feel as intelligent individuals living the experience every day, that we have a pretty good idea of what would work in our district.” Part of that is working with parents. “As a group of new people trying to be elected, we really see the value of working with the parents at the school level,” says Nohr. “We’ve all made a commitment to get out to the schools, meet with the parents, hear from them, respond to them and work together.” While university students may be done with the K-12 system, UVic Students’ Society (UVSS) Chairperson Tara Paterson says it’s still important students exercise their vote. “I think it makes most sense that individuals invested in the quality and accessibility of education recognize the needs to advocate for quality, accessible education at all levels,” she says. Paterson also stressed that voting for education now is an important investment. “Many students are parents and may be parents one day, in which case the decisions we make now with the investment in our school system will affect our children and our communities looking into the future,” she says. “Having thriving education systems affects all level of community development.” The UVSS is part of a group called United for Public Education (UPE) — which represents “ECE [early childhood education] to PhD.” “United For Public education is doing school trustee surveys. They’re putting on a school trustee forum,” she explains, “and as much as we support teachers and students at early education, elementary and secondary levels, the teachers and students at those levels have also supported us in our post-secondary struggles.”

TOP MUNICIPAL ELECTION ISSUES HOUSING For a student, finding affordable accommodation can be a tiresome and frustrating process. In the upcoming municipal election, the legal issues surrounding secondary suites — seen by many as a means to both alleviate financial burdens on homeowners and provide options for lower income tenants — will be especially contested in the district of Oak Bay, which boasts a large student population. With the introduction of a new grant program in 2009 by Victoria city council that offers a subsidy of up to 25 percent of construction costs to homeowners building secondary suites in the region, pressure has been mounting on Oak Bay to provide a similar solution. Moving forward into the election, Oak Bay residents should look to candidates for their stances in regards to the area’s housing strategy. TRANSPORTATION Getting to and from school in a timely manner is sometimes a lot harder than it sounds. Transportation issues can directly affect a student’s education. Recent student initiatives like the UVSS’ “Passed Up” campaign and the joint lobbying effort between Camosun College and UVic students’ societies to implement late night bus routes proves that participation can potentially lead to successful policy changes. The municipal elections will be a forum for discussions about infrastructure for the Colwood Crawl, light rail proposals, dedicated bus lanes and options for increased CRD control of local transit. As one of the most politicized transportation issues in the capital region, it is estimated that the construction of Light Rail Transit (LRT) would cost somewhere in the area of $950 million. Dedicated bus lanes would cost roughly half as much as LRT, though rail supporters argue that some of the financial gap would be made up by increased property value along routes. Students contribute $4.8 million through UPass fees to the Victoria Regional Transit Commission (VRTC), which gives them the opportunity to be vocal when it comes to the allocation of funds. LAND USE The recent proposal to rezone 236 hectares of land along the Juan de Fuca marine trail to accommodate the construction of vacation homes has been met with waves of public opposition, bringing the issue of land use to the forefront of the upcoming municipal election — specifically in Saanich. The Official Community Plan (OCP) adopted by the region confines commercial and residential expansion into three Urban Containment Boundaries (UCB), where it is regulated in order to prevent sprawl. In 2009, Peninsula Co-op sought a rezoning application that was intended to convert several acres of rural farmland in Central Saanich into a new 40 000-square-foot grocery store. After a series of legal complications, including a lawsuit and multiple allegations of fraud, the company ended up leasing a new location on Tsartlip First Nations land. Both the Co-op and Juan de Fuca debacles have opened up questions concerning the relationship between citizens and CRD-endorsed projects. The November municipal election will give voters the chance to discuss and evaluate options with candidates about land preservation and developmental strategy.

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LACE campaign promotes Pap Awareness Week > LEAT AHRONY Would you consider yourself healthy when your reflection looks back at you in the mirror? How would you know? Many people are overwhelmed with their goals, work, assignments and obligations; it’s common for individuals to forget about their own health and wellness.  The B.C. Cancer Agency is urging people to pay attention to their health during Pap Awareness Week, October 23 to 29. Pap Awareness Week is a national event that takes place during the final week of October each year. A Pap test is used to collect a sample of cells from the cervix. Doctors who administer a Pap test send samples to the B.C. Cancer Agency to check for any abnormal changes. “Women who are screened regularly are at a lower risk for cervical cancer,” said Dr. Dirk van Niekerk, Medical Leader of the Cervical Cancer Screening Program at the B.C. Cancer Agency, in a media release. “A Pap test can detect precancerous cells, which, if treated early, can stop the cancer from developing.

It can also identify cancer at an early stage, when there are more treatment options available and cure rates are over 80 per cent.”  Pap Awareness Week highlights the importance of regular screening in detecting the early warning signs of cervical cancer. To encourage people to get Pap tests, the B.C. Cancer Agency focuses on its web-based community engagement campaign — the Live Aware, Create Empowerment (LACE) Campaign. LACE is a grassroots campaign to promote Pap testing. The goal of LACE is to increase participation rates through awareness of how, with a simple test, people can prevent cervical cancer. During last year’s campaign, 16 per cent of people tested had never had a Pap before, and about 50 per cent were overdue for one. If you are a person who has been putting off getting tested, or if you don’t have a family doctor and you would like an exam, go to LACEcampaign.com to find a clinic. For more information visit  LACEcampaign.com.

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October 27, 2011 MARTLET

5


UVSS Referendum November 2-4 2011 Vote online webvote.uvic.ca • Polls open at 9:00 am PST on Nov 2 and close 4pm PST on Nov 4

Online Voting Q&A In March of this year, the University of Victoria Students’ Society Board of Directors asked undergraduate students whether they were in favour of using an online voting system for the UVSS elections. More than 81% of UVSS members that voted on this referendum supported the decision to move to online voting. Respecting this directive, elections will now be done online using the UVic WebVote System instead of the paper balloting system. This will be the first time that students will have a say on UVSS matters using online polling.

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR ME? The voting process is now much easier for all undergraduate students! Instead of using your student ID as your identification like was done in the past, students will use their unique Netlink ID and password to access WebVote (the same one that you use to log in to your UVic Webmail). The move to online voting also means that you can vote at anytime of the day (while polls are open) and from wherever you are. For your convenience, there will be polling stations located around campus on voting days, but you can vote from your own computer or other internet accessible device. The polls will open at 9:00am PST on November 2nd, 2011 and close at 4:00pm PST on November 4th, 2011. There are no blackout periods – this means you can vote at midnight, while lying in bed.

WHO CAN VOTE? Since these referendum questions only concern UVSS members, anyone who has paid UVSS fees for the Fall semester is eligible to vote. Students on Co-op, Exchange and Distance Students are all going to be able to vote using the same voting system. Graduate students, faculty and staff are not able to vote on these questions.

I HAVE MORE THAN ONE NETLINK ID, WHICH DO I USE? All students have a primary Netlink ID, and some students have additional IDs for other purposes. The system will only allow students to log in and vote using their primary Netlink ID.

WHEN WILL THE RESULTS BE ANNOUNCED? The results will be made available online at uvss.uvic.ca/bod/ student-elections by 5:00pm PST on November 4, 2011.

I HAVE MORE QUESTIONS... If you have any questions, concerns or comments, please feel free to contact us. Our office is open Monday through Friday from 9:00am to 4:00pm; we are located in SUB B118. Alternatively, we can be reached by phone at 250-472-4305 or email at Election@uvic.ca

Happy Voting! Shawn Slavin and Jacob Helliwell

1. Campaigns Do you support establishing a dedicated fee for the purpose of UVSS campaigns to promote the interests of UVic students in the amount of $0.48 per part-time student per semester and $0.96 per full-time student per semester? One of the main reasons why the UVic Students’ Society (UVSS) was established in 1964 was to promote and defend the interests of students. The UVSS has a long history of being an effective organization that gets results on issues that matter to all students. In March 2011, UVic undergrads voted to leave the Canadian Federation of Students, saving students $8.00 per semester in fees. The lack of CFS campaigns on campus leaves the UVSS with a unique opportunity to, for only 96c per student, create our own UVSS specific campaigns These campaigns do have costs associated with their implementation, such as: print materials, web hosting, rallies, buttons, petitions, advertisements and mail outs etc. Currently all of the UVSS Campaigns costs are coming out of the UVSS Operations fee. Taking money out of this account can really hurt the bottom line in a tight financial year. In fact, if it is a particularly tough year, there is a good chance that there will be little to no funding to run proper campaigns. Considering that campaigns can be run over a multi-year period, it is crucial that we have a stable source of funding. A major benefit of having a dedicated campaigns fund is that it brings stability and the reassurance that the UVSS will have the resources to ensure that your interests are being properly represented year over year.

Some successes we’ve had in the last 10 years have been: • annual 2% cap on tuition • establishment of federal needs-based grants program • legalization of secondary suites in Greater Victoria • late-night transit

Some of the campaigns we are currently working on: • Working on issues of affordable education with student societies at UBC, SFU, Capilano and Langara • Phasing out the sale of bottled water on campus • Providing resources for students to attend the Juan de Fuca development hearings • Ensuring that late-night transit is kept as a service • Expanding peak hour bus service to stop pass-ups

In the face of ongoing inflation and rising operational costs, the Women’s Centre has operated at the same funding level since October 1993. Should this referendum pass, it would ensure the stability of the Women’s Centre’s existing capacity and provide for the development of new programs and services, ultimately reaching out to more students through awareness raising campaigns, actions, radical publications and events.

For less than a cup of coffee per semester, your 96 cents will go a long way to making sure that your interests and the interests of future UVic undergrads are backed by the funding needed to effect change. On November 2nd, 3rd and 4th VOTE YES To Funding Better, UVSS-Focused Campaigns

As bell hooks famously espouses: “Feminism is for Everybody.” In order to realize this wisdom, the Women’s Centre needs the flexibility, opportunity, and stability that comes from monetary gain. Your vote can help us rise above the effects of economic and social disadvantage that categorize many women’s lives.

VOTE YES to Creating a Dedicated UVSS Campaigns Fund to Promote the Interests of Students.

2. Travel Pool Do you support establishing a fee of $0.15 per full-time student per semester, and $0.08 per part-time student per semester to be directed to the UVSS Travel Pool Fund Greetings and Salutations Undergrads of UVic! I am writing to you today to ask you to support the referendum asking for 15¢ per semester per full time student to go towards Travel Pool.

By supporting our referendum, you are advocating for political, economic and social equality for women and marginalized peoples. Please vote YES to support the Women’s Centre and its vision of creating social change through political action, education, and support of University of Victoria women students.

4. WUSC

Travel Pool is a grants program offered through the UVSS that empowers students to attend conferences and other events related to their field of study. If this increase passes, then around 40 more students per year will be able to pursue their academic goals off campus, and engage in the wider academic community. Some recent trips taken by UVic Students through Travel Pool include: • 7 Art History Students went to New York to look at Art Museums • A Business Student is Attending a Sports Management Conference in Montreal • 14 Women’s Studies students attended a Pan-Canadian Feminist Gathering in Winnipeg • 10 Political Science Students Attended the CPSSA Conference in Halifax in 2010. • Environmental Studies Students did a beach clean up and camping weekend up-island

Do you support an increase in student fees of $1.00 per full time student per semester and $0.50 per part time student per semester to fund the Student Refugee Program run by the World University Service of Canada (WUSC) UVic Local Committee? You already help change three lives every year with your student fees. By voting yes, you can change one more. Increasing the fee students pay to fund the Student Refugee Program by $1.00 per full time student and $0.50 per parttime student per semester will allow the UVic World University Service of Canada local committee to sponsor four refugee students to resettle in Victoria and continue their education at UVic.

These trips are all very diverse in scope and nature but the one thing they have in common is the fact that these students wouldn’t have been able to attend these events if it weren’t for this fund. The 15c per semester is also not a lot to ask for over the Course of a Degree. To put it in context here is a sampling of how much money it really is per person. One semester worth of fees is 15¢, the equivalent of 3 Coke Bottle Penny Candies at a Convenience Store. A Four Year Degree, with 5 classes per semester works out to $1.20 or as much as One Litre of Gas in Fredericton, NB ( as of October 10, 2011) If this fee passes it will be a total of $4,800 in extra funding per year, which is $784 less than the average UVic Tuition per year. On November 2, 3 &4 Vote Yes To More Opportunities for UVSS Members VOTE YES TO AN INCREASE OF 15¢ TO TRAVEL POOL FUNDING

3. Women’s Centre Do you support an increase in student fees of $0.25 per parttime student per semester and $0.55 per full-time student per semester to be directed to the UVSS Women’s Centre to work towards its vision of creating social change through political action, education and support of University of Victoria women students? Recent movements towards political and social conservatism in Canada present a direct attack to women’s advocacy groups who are often among the first to feel the brunt of funding cuts. In light of these cuts, both looming and in effect, the UVic Women’s Centre has taken on a significant role in creating social change at the University and beyond through political action, education and support of women students and community members, and in the provision of free services and advocacy.

The World University Service of Canada (WUSC) is a nongovernmental organization that runs the Student Refugee Program. Through this program, WUSC clubs on campuses across Canada sponsor students in refugee camps in Africa and the Middle East to come study at their Canadian postsecondary institutions. These refugee students have fled their home countries and some of them have lived in refugee camps nearly their whole lives. They are not allowed to leave the camps without special permission, and they have no way to continue their education In the refugee camps in Kenya, Syria and Malawi where WUSC runs the Student Refugee Program, there are many, many more deserving applicants than there are spots in the program – this August, 72 students came to Canada through the program but these students are only a tiny portion of those who go through a highly competitive application process. Other high-achieving students who apply and are not accepted into the Student Refugee Program have limited opportunities available to them. UVic WUSC currently sponsors three refugee students every year to come study at UVic through the Student Refugee Program. Two-thirds of the UVic program’s budget comes from student fees each student pays to WUSC - $1.50 per fulltime undergraduate student and $2.00 per full-time graduate student per semester. One third of the program’s budget comes from a yearly donation from the UVic administration. This allows the local committee to pay for the three students’ housing, tuition, and living costs for their first year at UVic. Raising our student levy will allow us to support a fourth student next year and to continue sponsoring four students instead of three for years to come. The Student Refugee Program gives sponsored students the opportunity to begin a new life in Canada. By voting yes and donating one dollar more a semester – the price of a cup of coffee, or a chocolate bar – you can change a life. For more information, please visit www.uvicsrp. wordpress.com.

Polling Station Schedule

The Women’s Centre is a safe(r) space for self-identified women to learn, share, and organize around issues that affect our lives – from colonialism, racism, access to health care, to sexualized violence. Recognizing that feminist movements have overtly or inadvertently excluded the voices of some of our members including women of color, Indigenous women, and people who identify as transgendered, the Women’s Centre works to confront and resist these structures of oppression through grassroots organizing and relationship building. Within this space, women can find ourselves at the centre of dialogue and discourse on issues that affect us. The power to act, however, doesn’t work alone, which is why the Women’s Centre is embarking on the referendum to support our institutional capacity.

For convenience, computers will be set up at polling stations around campus for students to vote.

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

Cadboro Commons

5:00-7:00

5:00-7:00

Clearihue

9:00-4:00

FRIDAY 9:00-4:00

DSB

9:30-11:30

ECS

9:00-12:30

Elliott

10:00-12:30

ELW

12:30-2:30

11:30-1:30

Library

9:00-4:00

9:00-4:00

9:00-4:00

MacLaurin

10:00-2:30 9:30-2:30

9:30-12:30

SSM

9:30-11:30

SUB

10:00-2:00

10:00-2:00

10:00-2:00

University Centre

11:00-2:00

11:00-2:00

11:00-2:00

Wright/Science

10:00-2:30

11:00-2:30


UVic back to the drawing board on CARSA > SHANDI SHIACH UVic’s new athletics complex has recently been put on hold because, once again, Saanich Council has decided the University has not engaged in adequate community consultation. The Centre for Athletics, Recreation and Special Abilities (CARSA) was originally scheduled to open in 2014 to provide stateof-the-art facilities for CanAssist and UVic athletics and recreation. CanAssist is a UVic organization that develops ways to improve the lives of people with disabilities locally and internationally. No one denies the complex will benefit the region, but the council wants more engagement with the community when planning such developments. UVic had established the Community Association Liaison Committee to meet its own consultation goals before the project. The municipality’s first involvement in CARSA was at a quarterly committee meeting in 2009, when the university prepared to apply for variances on Saanich height limits and parking requirements. Even though the complex is close to bus routes and offers parking for 170 bicycles, Saanich bylaws dictates one motor vehicle space for each 50 square metres of building, and CARSA will leave the campus short a few. Neil Connelly, director of Campus Planning and Sustainability, brought the completed applications before Saanich Council this past August. However, Council voted to turn them away in favour of greater community engagement. To that end, UVic hosted an open house on Sept. 8 where it presented options for improving the aesthetic appeal of the parkade, managing traffic and preserving heritage — the prevalent complaints about the building plans. After the open house, the Gordon Head Residents’ Association sent a letter saying the parkade is a necessary adjunct that will make it easier for the community to access UVic’s

A Saanich bylaw requiring one motor vehicle space for every 50 square metres of building has been throwing curve balls at UVic’s planned new Centre for Athletics, Recreation and Special Abilities. services and, despite visual drawbacks, is probably in the right location. It found landscaping and traffic accommodation satisfactory and had no objections to the project moving ahead in its present form, but did ask that for future development, “community associations [to] be involved with meaningful consultations at a much earlier stage in the process.” The nearby Mount Tolmie Community Association agreed that CARSA is much needed, was happy with aesthetic upgrades to the parkade and wanted the project to move forward. But it was concerned about increased traffic, and that “the university has fallen short in the community consultation process.” CARSA’s planned location sits in Gordon Head, between the artificial turf fields

8 launch ways to

and McKenzie Avenue, on Gabriola Road. Recently, that space held Parking Lot 3, tennis courts and two Second World War huts from the Gordon Head Army Camp. S Hut housed exams for students with disabilities until groups complained about the building’s deterioration last year. Connelly brought the proposed demolition of L Hut before Saanich Heritage committee in 2009. At that time UVic agreed to work with Saanich before any changes to the remaining military buildings on campus. The Cadboro Bay Resident’s Association (CBRA) wrote in its response to the Sept. 8 open house request for feedback that the proposed parkade is too tall to be so close to the entry to their community. Although the letter

Motivated.

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mistakenly refers to a seven-story parkade 10 metres from McKenzie Road (the parkade would be six storeys), the CBRA says 30 metres away from McKenzie is still too close for the other, taller structures in the plan. Back before Council on Oct. 4th, Saanich turned CARSA away again, saying the open house was not significant dialogue. UVic has delayed the project for six months, to try to solve the consultation conundrum. Connelly says UVic and the community liaison committee are evaluating ways to meet that need, but can’t say whether it might resemble the dedicated consultation website queenswoodrezoning.ca. Nor does he speculate what changes to the complex or its location could arise out of the process.

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NEWS

October 27, 2011 MARTLET

7


CRD adopts tanning bylaw for minors > JENNY BOYCHUK In 2012, 17-year-olds will legally be able to operate a motor vehicle — but will not be able to use tanning facilities south of the Malahat. This month, the Capital Regional District’s (CRD) Tanning Regulation Bylaw was adopted by the CRD board — which states that minors under the age of 18 will be restricted from using UV-ray emitting devices such as public indoor tanning facilities. “There was an agreement with the Vancouver Island Health Authority (VIHA) and there will be between a sixmonth- to a year-long informative education period with tanning salons,” says Senior Manager of CRD Corporate Communications Andy Orr. “We’re trying to get them used to it because there were some business owners who were very opposed [to the bylaw] — we’re more focused on education right now than anything.” VIHA will visit all tanning salons in the region to help educate owners and employees about the bylaw and standards for safely using and operating tanning beds. “Richard Stanwick (VIHA Chief Medical Health Officer) thought it was important that we do this and that it’s a worthy cause,” says Orr. Questions have been raised of how the bylaw can work and what impact it will have. “[The CRD board] didn’t consult with the industry,” says Angie Woodhead, owner of Cabana Tan in downtown Victoria. “I am in support of regulation, but I’m not in support with the bylaw in terms of how it’s written.” It has not yet been determined exactly how the bylaw will be enforced. “There will probably be spot checks — we do a fair amount of enforcement around spot checks already with things such as smoking regulations,” says Orr. However, Woodhead foresees complications. “It was recommended that salons ID

people who appear to be under the age of 25,” says Woodhead. “So what, now we’re going to have girls come in with fake IDs just so they can tan?” Orr says the process of passing the bylaw has been long and slightly tentative. “Government is always careful about adding more regulation, but the majority of the board thought it was a worthwhile thing to do,” he says. The process has taken roughly two and a half years. “It was a lengthy consultation period. It sat with the provincial government for ten months, partly because of the leadership race and change of health ministers,” says Orr. The bylaw will be the first of its kind in Canada. “Government wondered if they would move to a provincewide bylaw — they haven’t said if they will do that one way or another yet,” says Orr. Woodhead says that the bylaw is unnecessary. “At the bottom line, in my salon, we’ve always required that people under 18 have parental consent,” says Woodhead. “Only ten to twelve per cent of people in North America use tanning facilities and in my business, less than one per cent of those people are under the age of 18.” She would like to see different regulations. “I don’t like the government stepping in and telling me what I can and cannot do with my kids,” says Woodhead. “And if parents don’t want their kids tanning, then we don’t want them tanning either.” Woodhead would like to see a regulation that requires all parents to come in with a minor during their first session to learn about the risks and proper usage, and then have them sign consent. “We don’t have many teens using the services because it’s too expensive anyways,” says Woodhead. “They’re going in because of acne, eczema, or psoriasis — or they’re getting ready to go on a family vacation.”

We’ve always required that people under 18 have parental consent. Angie Woodhead Cabana Tan

VIPIRG to fund community initiatives > AIDAN MCCREA

250.595.6044

8

MARTLET October 27, 2011

Ever have the urge to make a difference in your community? If so, the Vancouver Island Public Interest Research Group (VIPIRG) community grant program may be the answer to your prayers. As its name may suggest, the program’s goal is simple — to support grassroots, action-based projects at UVic and in the greater Victoria community. “Our role is to promote collaborations between the student body and the community,” says VIPIRG Research Co-ordinator Tamara Herman. The grants offer groups a funded opportunity to create positive change in the community. Projects may include events, workshops, publications or any other ways to display the work of the grant recipients. Projects should increase knowledge, awareness and dialogue on a given topic, with a particular emphasis on poverty. “The community grant program is in place to aid groups who are creating positive change in our community,” said Herman, adding VIPIRG is particularly interested in projects that may not already be significantly covered by local organizing or research. VIP-

IRG offers up to $1 000 in grant funding for groups to carry out their program. Other elements of the community grant program include mentorship and guidance from VIPIRG staff, media/endorsement from VIPIRG, and even organizational help from a past grant recipient. Grant recipients will be asked to credit VIPIRG as the funding source of their project by displaying VIPIRG’s logo and name on their posters and advertisements. All UVic students are already members of VIPIRG, and all students are encouraged to become involved either directly with the organization or through some of its associated groups. Students can also sign up for the group’s weekly listserv. Events that VIPIRG is involved with include such projects as Small World research forums (a gathering of social activists), Researching for Change workshops (researchers teach the basics of community-based research approaches, methods, ethics and tactics), plus many more events which can all be found on VIPIRG’s website. Applications for the current grant cycle close Oct. 31, but VIPIRG also offers smaller donations/sponsorships of events that can be applied to year-round. NEWS


NEWS

October 27, 2011 MARTLET

9


OPINIONS EDITORIAL

Water: free health product

Cold wind from winter Warm water washing your wounds Opinions; friend and enemy

OOMPA LOOMPA DOOMPITY DOO VITAMIN WATER ISN’T GOOD FOR YOU

The Canada Food Guide recommends that Canadians drink water on a regular basis. Many health professional recommend eight glasses a day. It makes sense considering that humans are made up of mostly water. We need to drink water every day to survive. There are many companies out there that strive to quench the public’s never-ending thirst. Soda, energy drinks, fruit juice and flavoured water are all huge industries in Canada and no wonder, considering the wide range of choices that we’re used to filling our grocery-store shelves. Grocery stores, corner stores and vending machines dedicate an impressive amount of square footage to beverage choices. Humans’ basic need to hydrate drives them to seek out these thirst-quenching bottles of liquidy deliciousness and the options appear endless. There is one wonderful liquid that many people forget about during their quest to seek out the fluid that keeps them alive. As Canadians, most of us are lucky enough to have this fluid coming out of a never-ending, free-flowing tap in our own houses. It’s free, it’s safe and it has zero calories. It’s water. Plain old tasteless water. There are companies out there that would have us believe that just drinking water is not good enough. It has no taste, certainly no hint of sugary goodness. It lacks colour, marketing and catchy names like Revive, Restore, Spark or Quench. According to marketers, water has no pizazz; it needs some spicing up. One example of these companies is Vitamin Water (owned by Coca-Cola). Vitamin Water is marketed as a drink that will taste delicious, quench your thirst and supply essential nutrients. Stand back regular water! Vitamin Water is here to rescue us from beverage boredom and to replenish our dwindling vitamin supplies! The idea behind these drinks (besides the obvious one: making money) is to satisfy nutritional requirements for vitamins while providing hydration in a delectable, brightly coloured fluid. Canadians, especially here in B.C., are becoming increasingly health conscious and are always looking forward to the next big thing to make them ever healthier. The huge drawback to many of these products, including Vitamin Water, is that they are chock full of sugar. Vitamin Water contains almost as much sugar as a Coca-Cola does. And no one is drinking Coke for their health. Sugar, although sweetly delicious, is also incredibly harmful and addictive. According to clinical nutritionist Nancy Appleton, PhD, sugar feeds cancer, causes food allergies, contributes to diabetes, can impair the structure of DNA and contributes to the reduction in defense against bacterial infection. Basically it interrupts your metabolism and affects your immune system, making it easier for you to get sick. It runs counter to reason to drink a beverage for its claim of vitamins that improve health when it contains a lot of sugar, decreasing health. It’s also misleading to think that, by drinking a bottle of vitamin water, you’re fulfilling your daily need for vitamins. It’s way better to eat healthy food, including lots of veggies, fruits and protein, thereby getting all the nutrients and vitamins you need via a healthy diet. Just drink water for hydration rather than fortified sugar drinks. If you like flavour in there, add some lemon. There are, of course, diet versions of most sugary drinks. But most of these drinks contain aspartame, a substance that many people believe is harmful and causes disease. The safest bet is drinking water. It hydrates us, there are no calories and it doesn’t perpetuate the addiction to consume more sugar.

RYAN HAAK

LETTERS STEP ASIDE, PRINT PUBLISHERS

NO PARKING? NO PROBLEM

Re: “Publishing companies hurting used book market,” Oct. 20

Re: “Parkade plan prevents urban sprawl,” Oct. 6

Interesting that similar problems still exist with textbooks as in my days at university — expensive, and emphasized too much by academics. In the 1960s a professor at UBC wanted a specific book but UBC’s bookstore was very slow, so some of us obtained it from a private store in Seattle — only to find the professor made little use of it. Many technical reference books have been available on CD for years. Amazon has been selling people’s pamphlets for years, have established ebooks and readers as a viable content delivery method, and now are signing up book authors directly. Just as bookstores like Bolen were not serving customers well — which is why Amazon began, publishers have been bureaucracies with, for example, ridiculously long lead times. This article identifies UVic’s academic bureaucracy as a major part of the rolling textbook problem, which indicates to me that they are not focused on the reason for their existence — students. Distance education is already common, often through private colleges that were already far ahead of government-supported schools in being accessible through location and flexible hours. When UVic’s primary sources of funding realize its wastefulness, promotion of anti-human ideologies, and academic incompetence, they’ll stop propping up the bureaucracy and it will collapse.

Building on top of an already developed space is a great idea, but why settle for a concrete eyesore (proposed vine decorations and all) that encourages yet more driving on our streets? Surely we can be even more imaginative. To the powers that be, consider this: bike lanes around town, especially on McKenzie Avenue, are intermittent. B.C. Transit would like to get more buses going to campus, but the current bus loop cannot take any more. The solution is really rather simple — invest some of that $59 million in bicycle infrastructure and public transit instead. This means co-operation on the parts of the university and governments at the municipal and even provincial levels. What’s the worst that could happen? The increasing number of people coming to campus would find it rather difficult to find car parking on campus, and might consider taking one of the many new frequent buses or clear, safe bike routes around instead. My, how intolerable such a world of options would be!

Keith Sketchley Island Individual

Editorial topics are decided on by staff at our weekly editorial meeting at 1:30 p.m. every Friday in the Martlet office (SUB B011). Editorials are written by one or more staff members and are not necessarily the opinion of all staff members.

10

MARTLET October 27, 2011

Ivan Marko UVic Student

Happy? Sad? Enraged? Tell us: letters@martlet.ca The Martlet has an open letters policy and will endeavour to print every letter received from the university community. Letters must be submitted by email, include your real name and affiliation to UVic, and have “Letter to the editor” in the subject line. Letters must be under 200 words and may be edited.


When I gotta go, you don’t need to know > MICHELLE WRIGHT

Volume 64, Issue 12 Editor-in-Chief Erin Ball edit@martlet.ca Managing Editor Kristi Sipes maned@martlet.ca Production Co-Ordinator Glen O’Neill proco@martlet.ca Advertising Director Marc Junker ads@martlet.ca News Editor Kailey Willetts news@martlet.ca Opinions Editor Shandi Shiach opinions@martlet.ca Features Editor Sol Kauffman feature@martlet.ca

MICHELLE WRIGHT

I was deeply saddened to hear of the recent suicide of Ottawa schoolboy Jaime Hubley, 15, the victim of gay bashing and bullying. A suicide note was posted on his online blog shortly before his death. “I can’t take it anymore,” his note read. “It’s just too hard. I don’t want to wait three more years, this hurts too much.” Hubley’s note was most likely referring to the It Gets Better Project, an initiative that was created to show LGBT youth that happiness, potential and positivity is within their reach — if they can just get through their teen years. Over the past few years I have heard an awful lot of people questioning the ongoing need for Pride parades, events and programs that aim to destigmatize and bring support to the LGTB community. Yet just this month, I found myself the target of the ignorance and intolerance that is still so prevalent in our society. Challenging the hetero-normative definition of womanhood, with my short hair,

makeup-free face and baggy jeans, I was questioned repeatedly about my right to be in the women’s washroom in the University Centre by a UVic staff member (working in Community Relations no less). I can only imagine that my intense feelings of shame, humiliation, and intimidation were significant players in this young boy’s daily life. The difference between Hubley and I is that I am fortunate enough to be of an age that is somewhat less vulnerable to the all-encompassing sense of alienation and hopelessness that threaten to overwhelm us in our adolescent years. This boy’s death is a tragic reminder to all of us that the fight to end violence and hatred within our communities is an ongoing battle. Hubley couldn’t wait. Nor should he have had to. No one should have to wait. Why not ask yourself what you can do right now, so that no one has to wait anymore. Do you have an opinion? Pitch your articles to opinions@martlet.ca

Culture Editor Vanessa Annand culture@martlet.ca

Gaddafi’s death marks disturbing trend

Sports Editor Tyler Laing sports@martlet.ca

Does the thirst for blood eclipse the fight for justice?

Science & Tech Editor Alan Piffer scitech@martlet.ca

> ALAN PIFFER

Graphics Editor Ryan Haak grafx@martlet.ca Photo Editor Tess Forsyth photo@martlet.ca Web Editor Adam Bard web@martlet.ca Web Content Editor Brad Michelson newmedia@martlet.ca Copy Editor Jon-Paul Zacharias Distribution Ivan Marko, Michelle Wright, Jon-Paul Zacharias jp@martlet.ca Staff Writers Jenny Boychuk, Brandon Rosario Investigative Reporter Mark Worthing Contributors Leat Ahrony, Anaïs Brosseau, Graham Briggs, Marcie Callewaert, Damira Davletyarova, Greg Forsberg, Maurice (Felix) Giannelia, Vanessa Hawk, Jesse Holth, Ali Lee, Blake Morneau, Pat Murry, Candace O’Neill, Brontë Renwick-Shields, Kaitlyn Rosenburg, Adrienne Shepherd, Mia Steinberg, Quincy Thomas, Dylan Toigo Volunteer Staff Cody Willett, Stuart Armstrong Cover Illustration/Photo Glen O’Neill The Martlet Publishing Society is an incorporated B.C. society and a full member of Canadian University Press (CUP). We strive to act as an agent of constructive social change and will not print racist, sexist, homophobic or otherwise oppressive copy. Martlet (SUB B011) P.O. BOX 3035 University of Victoria Victoria, B.C. V8W 3P3 martlet.ca Newsroom: Editor: Business: Advertising: Fax:

OPINIONS

250.721.8360 250.853.3206 250.721.8361 250.721.8359 250.472.4556

I can’t help but find it weird that lately, instead of hearing about despotic leaders around the world being captured and brought to justice, we’re simply presented with news about all these big bad guys being wiped out almost like they were boss characters in a video game. The morning that Muammar Gaddafi was reported killed, I looked at some news websites and immediately thought the media’s treatment of the Colonel was very strange and somewhat disconcerting. What better way to start my day than with gruesome, detailed videos of what looks like Gaddafi’s mutilated corpse? Then there was

more. I also had to watch Hillary Clinton’s reaction just as she watches this same news on her Blackberry. I definitely don’t feel comfortable being part of a society where the latest “public enemy number one’ pops up every now and then on our TV screens, and then we — that is, the armies led by our societies’ leaders — go out and kill them. And once the deed is done, it’s time to celebrate. I doubt anyone would disagree that Gaddafi was a brutal dictator, and that the world is most likely far better off without him in it. People who brutalize their own citizens certainly have to be put to justice. It’s good that Gaddafi is gone, and the citizens of Libya ought to celebrate. Hopefully, their situation

will improve. It’s good news when any dangerous criminal is removed from society and brought to justice. But following the way I feel about my role as an individual in a civil society, I certainly don’t feel any joy in hearing about the punishment someone receives for his or her transgressions. And I don’t feel comfortable with the act of celebration in someone’s death — anyone’s death, no matter what fate that person may ultimately deserve. To celebrate someone’s demise would diminish my sense of humanity. So for the media to milk so much gratuitous entertainment value out of someone’s grisly death, as if it were the end of an action movie, doesn’t fit right with me.

Wikipedia likes long walks on the beach > EVELYN CRANSTON — THE CAPILANO COURIER VANCOUVER (CUP) — How much does an ocean sunfish weigh? When was Marie Curie born? Wikipedia is the first search result to show up on most random topics. No matter how obscure, if anyone has given a thought to a certain topic before, there’s likely a stub to prove it. While some teachers abhor the use of an unreliable, open-edited source, others embrace Wikipedia for keeping abreast of fast-paced subjects. While the Encyclopaedia Britannica would likely be more accurate in, for example, details of WWI, Wikipedia trumps outdated print books in rapidly changing fields, such as neuroscience and digital technology. A study in the peer-reviewed journal Nature states, “Jimmy Wales’ Wikipedia comes close to Britannica in terms of the accuracy of its science entries.” One of the best things about Wikipedia is that it draws on the collective knowledge of everyone, ranging from those with a slight interest to those who have dedicated their lives to exploring a certain topic. Anyone is free to modify entries to ensure they’re up to date, accurate and well thought-out. With this wide-open opportunity, however, there are inevitable flaws: a denigration of article quality occurs if someone unqualified or biased chops up an article. But that’s not the only problem. The Wikimedia Foundation, Wikipedia’s non-profit owner and operator, examined the statistics of contributors and editors in a 2009 study. Out of hundreds of thousands of editors and writers, and out of billions who

have knowledge to share, just a slim 13 per cent of contributors are female. Wikipedia, our holistic, online, go-to source of information is supposed to reflect the worldviews of many. Instead, we’re hearing mainly from formally educated men in their mid-20s. Sue Gardner, an expert in gender disparities in technology, states, “I think that all forms of diversity — geographic, political, ideological, cultural, sexual, age-related, etc. — are important. But having said that, I do think [Wikipedia’s] gender skew is particularly bad.” This gender disparity is reflected in Wikipedia articles. More female Wikipedia contributors would improve the site. In a list of notable scientist biographies, 19 of the 22 featured people were male. The New York Times points to an example where friendship bracelets, a pastime enjoyed primarily by young girls, gets a measly four paragraphs, while toy soldiers and baseball cards are given a thorough examination. From the origins of tech-geek culture, men have dominated. They outnumbered women in video game design and computer technology for 10 years, and only now is the field levelling out. Wikipedia hasn’t kept pace with these industries. Gardner states, “It stems from the way things started in the early days. Wikipedia has been around for 10 years. When it started, the sorts of people who were actively contributing on the Internet were STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) people. It was super, super geeky, because contributing anything to the Internet was hard back then.”

Gardner notes that women have less free time than men, given the “second shift” of housework and child-raising. When women do have free time, studies have shown that they tend to engage in activities that will directly benefit society, such as volunteering, and that they gravitate towards interpersonal, social experiences. By emphasizing that working on Wikipedia does improve the well-being of society, Gardner believes we can start shrinking the gender disparity. Another factor in the gap may be the userunfriendly interface and occasionally hostile online environment of Wikipedia. Women will generally spend more time on social networking sites connecting with friends than debating accuracies of articles with strangers. Gardner notes that Wikipedia is working on getting rid of the tedious, confusing wiki-syntax that a contributor must learn, as well as making it a more inclusive, friendly and supportive environment. Men tend to put themselves forward and self-nominate when it comes to wiki-editing, whereas women shy away. When Wikipedians asked university professors in India, America, Germany and Canada to assign wiki writing as projects to their students, the gender gap shrunk drastically because women tend not to be underrepresented in these post-secondary schools. Gardner is optimistic about an equalized future for Wikipedia. Wikipedia is one of the most powerful connecting forces on the Internet. It should reflect a diversity of opinions, world views and scientific findings. Instead, we have thousands of articles written by a similar voice, reflecting a small fraction of the earth’s population. October 27, 2011 MARTLET

11


Five on the Story

Tyler Liang

Photo

Tess Forsyth

field 12

MARTLET October 27, 2011

FEATURE


U

Vic athletics has made an uncanny discovery this year — a gene that promotes soccer success. For the first time in Bruce Wilson’s 25-year reign as head coach of the Vikes men’s soccer team, three brothers — Lucas, Wesley and Gavin Barrett; 25, 23 and 21 respectively — are playing for him at the same time. But this isn’t one of those seasons where any plug with two feet can come out to training camp and have a shot at making the team: this is a nationals-hosting year for UVic. As such, roughly 60 players converged on Centennial Stadium back in August to vie for a spot on the team. After Wilson trimmed that number down by more than half, all three brothers were still standing. But that’s not all. Their first cousin Michael Branion-Calles, 21, also made the team as an alternate goalkeeper. Plus, Branion-Calles sister Carlita, 19, made the women’s soccer team. Five family members all playing varsity soccer at the same time for the same university. Nature: 1; nurture: 0. “It’s incredible,” says Wilson. “Not only the three brothers but the cousins as well. I don’t know what type of family you’d call that.” NATURE VERSUS NURTURE Their relation comes through the Branion gene. The brothers’ mother’s name was Melissa Branion. She married Bernie Barrett and the rest is history. Melissa’s sister Christine married a fellow by the name of Carlos Calles, hence the Branion-Calles handle. If that wasn’t enough though, Melissa and Christine’s nephew, Reece, actually spent a training year with UVic a couple of seasons ago. Imagine that? Six direct relatives from three siblings all with ties to Vikes soccer. “A lot of it’s genes, there’s no question about it,” says Melissa. “They were all pretty talented, and that just got supported and it took off.” But don’t rule nurture out so fast. It just so happens that Lucas, Wesley, Gavin, Michael and Carlita all grew up together. In the same house, in fact. “It was busy and loud and crazy, but we’re a tight-knit family,” says Melissa. The Barretts moved to Richmond from Penticton in 1992. Shortly thereafter the Branion-Calles moved into the Barretts’ basement suite. And since all the adults in the house played soccer, it was inevitable the kids would too. “We played soccer every day,” says Wes. “One on two, and two on three all the time between me, Mike, Gavin and Luke. Carlita was allowed to play, too, as long as she didn’t cry.” Carlita remembers those times well. “I just wanted to be so much like my cousins when I was younger, but there was a lot of ‘if you whine or complain or cry, you can’t hang out with us.’ I was the baby that wasn’t allowed to be the baby.” As the oldest, Lucas sort of set the stage for the rest of the kids. “Lucas loved soccer a hell of a lot more than any of us,” says Wesley. “Gavin hated it.” Gavin admits he didn’t like soccer as a kid. He hated going to practice. “Basically the only reason I stayed in soccer till I was 14 was because I was embarrassed to say I didn’t like it.” “The family would have shunned him,” says Wes. “We wouldn’t let each other quit. We all got into it at such a young age. For one of us to stop, we’d just be beaking at them,” says Lucas. THE FAMILY TEAM For nearly a decade the two families lived under one roof. The children all grew up as siblings — going to school together and playing soccer. “They all got along pretty well,” says Melissa. “When they weren’t playing [soccer] on their separate teams, they were playing together in the yard. Soccer was a big part of our life.” As Bernie and Melissa admit, however, five children playing sports was a bit chaotic. “We did a lot of driving between games. We were a bit crazy about it,” says Bernie. “We’d watch four games in a weekend.” Melissa agrees. “The kids’ early years were nonstop. Christine and Carlos were great because they could help drive someplace and we could drive someplace else. We were just all over the map.” Only three and a half years separate the four boys. Since their high school, Hugh Boyd Secondary, offered Grade 8 through 12, they got to play together on the same team. “It was the first time ever that Bernie and I could actually go to one game and watch them all at the same time,” says Melissa. “So that was a big highlight. We had a defender, a midfielder and a forward. And a goalie in Michael. We had the bases covered.” As the boys grew up, their calibre improved. From the metro league, through Team B.C., to academies that took them touring around Europe, they had the chance to hone their skills while pushing each other to be better. Lucas and Wesley were the first to travel to Europe together for competition. Then Wesley and Gavin had the chance to play overseas on the same team. Gavin and Michael also joined forces for an academy trip. Even though they were the farthest apart in age, Lucas and Gavin had the chance to play together for a summer in the Pacific Coast Soccer League. “I scored six goals in seven games and each one was from Lucas beating a guy, passing to me and I just tapped it in,” says Gavin. “Literally, I didn’t score a nice goal.” After high school Lucas played at Simon Fraser University (SFU) for three years. Wesley graduated two years later and went to Trinity Western University( TWU) for a year. Gavin graduated two years after that and decided to travel to Europe. It seemed unlikely that they would ever play competitively together again. REUNITED ONCE AGAIN It’s funny how things turn out though. Lucas dropped out of school after SFU and took some time for himself. “SFU was the highest level I played and I figured that was it for competitive soccer.” While at TWU, Wesley also grew disillusioned by the experience. He had nearly gone to UVic after high school but chose TWU instead.

FEATURE

“Mike graduated a year later and wanted to go to UVic, as well as a good buddy of mine,” he says. “I was like sure, let’s all three go to UVic. Then we kind of dragged Gavin in a year later.” When Bernie and Melissa realized what was happening, they bought a house in Victoria for the boys to live in. “We decided when Wesley came over here first, and that Gavin was planning on joining him, we thought it would be a better investment than paying for residence,” says Melissa. Lucas saw what was happening and thought it might be worth it to give school a second chance. “After a couple years off doing my own thing it was time to go back. I figured I’d go play soccer with these guys.” When Wesley and Gavin told coach Wilson that Lucas was thinking about coming back to school, Wilson began recruiting him hard. But the biggest draw, Lucas says, “was getting to play with Wesley and Gavin.” This is Lucas’ first year on the team. He moved to Victoria near the end of summer and got a place with another guy on the team. Carlita lives in a house along with her other cousin, Hailey. Aside from Mateo, Michael and Carlita’s younger brother, Reece is the only one no longer in Victoria. Wesley, Gavin and Michael still live together in the house that Bernie and Melissa bought. MULLETS AND MOHAWKS Today, the five of them have congregated at the house. Wesley — ever the middle brother — sits between Gavin and Lucas, and Carlita joins them on the couch. Michael cooks in the kitchen. Michael and Carlita’s features show the El Salvadorian heritage of their father, giving them a slightly darker look than the brothers. The siblings look similar, regardless of the age difference. Wesley and Gavin stand at an even 6-0 and weigh a matching 160 lbs. Lucas is 6-1, 165 lbs. That’s it — only an inch and five pounds difference between all three. And they share the same wiry physique. Lucas’s hair is longer and scruffier than the others. He used to be known for (and proud of) a mullet that hung past his shoulders. He sported that dirty, party-in-theback hairdo for most of his life (until his SFU teammates hacked it off in an act of “rookie initiation” when he was 18). In fact, Lucas still rocks the same “themullet” email address he’s had since grade eight. “I’ve grown long hair since,” he laments, “but never the mullet again.” His jaw is wider than his brothers’, too, and covered with a scraggly beard. “I said I wouldn’t shave once we started playing. Shaved the day before our first game and it’s grown out,” he says — paying homage to hockey superstition. Wesley wears a more groomed look. His narrow face has the sharpest features of the three; his carefully coiffed hair runs a faux-hawk ridge along his head. The others snicker. The thing about Wes is, he can have a laugh at his own expense, too. “I’m famous for my faux mohawk,” he says. “Too much product. Lots of gel.” Unlike his brothers, Gavin keeps his look simple. Smooth face; shaved head. It might have something to do with his playing style. Lucas and Wesley admit that, not only is Gavin the fastest of the three, he tackles the hardest, too. “He goons guys and wins tackles like no one else on the field,” says Wesley. “He’s basically the exact opposite player that I am.” It comes with the territory. As a centre-back, Gavin’s job is to stop opponents from scoring, using whatever means necessary. He blocks shots, he’s strong in the air, and he loves to run players down. He’s like a sheepdog herding and nipping at those who try to break away. Strikers, such as Lucas, are about taking defenders on, juking and jiving and trying to score. Centre-mid is where the playmakers live — where we find the finesse (just look at Wesley’s hair). Centre-back is usually the most physical position on the field. However, Gavin’s skinhead look and hard hitting approach to soccer belie a broad grin and a high-pitched laugh that borders on a giggle. And laughter is something this family shares. The brothers tease and chuckle. Michael acts as both heckler and hecklee from in the kitchen. Even Carlita, who has had to fit in with these boys her whole life, gets in on the fun. At one point, while discussing the cutthroat juggling competition that existed between them as children (Lucas would lie about his number of keep-ups just so Wesley, who was actually getting more at the time, wouldn’t know), Wesley points out how poor Gavin’s touch is. “Michael can juggle a ball better than Gavin can, and he’s a goalie.” “Well . . .” Gavin stutters, unable to deny the claim. “I got nothing,” says Wes in a mocking tone. Everyone laughs. Even Gavin. “Whatever.” Gavin leans back in his chair. “I can win the ball better than any of them.” FUTURE FOOTBALLING Although the youngest of the pack (next to Carlita), Gavin is currently having the biggest impact on Vikes soccer. Last month he was named UVic Athlete of the Month. “Gavin has been outstanding for us at centre-back,” says Wilson. “We put him there for his speed and quickness. So far he’s worked out very well.” But that doesn’t mean the others aren’t contributing. “Wes has played very well as well. No problem at all,” says Wilson. As for Lucas, he had surgery in the off-season that kept him out of training camp and the first few league games. However, he’s getting fitter by the day. Wilson has high hopes for him. “Lucas is a player. He can score goals, he can run, he can defend.” Wilson acknowledges Michael as a talented keeper as well, who played a substantial amount of time last year. Likewise on the women’s side, head coach Tracy David praises Carlita’s contributions. “She’s a tiny little thing, but boy oh boy, she’s aggressive, she’s tough and she’s competitive. We always need her to bring that competitive spirit to the field, and she always does.” Two things this family has always shared are a love of soccer and a close-knit bond. In terms of soccer goals, all five family members hope to be national champions this year. Their long-term goals, however, are a little more family oriented. “I can’t see any of us living anywhere other than Vancouver, maybe Victoria,” says Lucas. “It won’t be far. I couldn’t handle that.” “We always end up in the same place, one way or another,” says Michael. “It’s kind of funny.”

October 27, 2011 MARTLET

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CULTURE

Ezra Pound quite likes petals on a wet, black bough and Culture pages

Moss Street Market: 20 years of organics > ANAÏS BROSSEAU The Moss Street Community Market is the biggest and oldest organic market in Victoria: since its beginning in 1991, its size has doubled. Saturday, Oct. 29 marks the last day of the market’s regular season. It will re-open in May, though there are a few smaller “half markets” in April and November. “All the sellers are certified organic or have used organic methods for several years,” says Miranda Maslany, co-ordinator of the market. Every Saturday from May to October, from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., hundreds of people come to the corner of Moss Street and Fairfield Road to walk around stands of organic food, jewelry, artisan baking, local and organic clothes and soap. From children to the elderly, the customers seem to appreciate the peaceful and friendly atmosphere. Each seller is ready to talk about their products and the concept of organic. “To become certified, the most important [thing] is to grow beautiful soil and food,” says Candace Thompson, who has farmed organically in East Sooke for 12 years. “Every year, you pay for the organization and for the inspector who controls your farm.” The 40-year-old has always believed in organic food. “It is a natural choice. I like bringing good, local, organic products to local customers.” The principles followed by organic farmers give priority to nature: protection of biological diversity, respect for soil fertility, use of renewable energies and recycling. The National Organic Standards Board states that organic agriculture is “an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. It is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on management practices that restore, maintain and enhance ecological harmony.” Thompson says organics have gained popu-

ANAÏS BROSSEAU

The Moss Street Market features tasty preserves like these ones. larity in a few short years. “People are more and more concerned about organic food, clothes. They even use organic cleaning products,” says Thompson. The development of organic shops or of special organic areas in stores also demonstrates that Canadians are favouring organics. Charlotte Campbell illustrates this perfectly. At 27 years old, she has owned her organic and

local clothes company, Loden, for four years. “I use organic cotton, Tencel, bamboo,” says Campbell. “And I buy [from] Canadian sellers instead of overseas.” Still, the higher price of organic products often prevents Canadians from buying them. “I buy organic whenever I can,” says Meghan Carr-Hilton, a 19-year-old UVic student, “although it is quite a bit more expen-

sive than non-organic. I always buy organic bananas because I did a research project and learned about the impact of the pesticides on the health of the employees. As for apples, I have never bought organic because they don’t taste as good.” “People have to understand the true price of food and its value for their health,” says Thompson.

Victoria swept away by Current Swell > BRONTË RENWICK-SHIELDS On Friday, Oct. 21, Victoria-based band Current Swell played at the McPherson Playhouse. Their bluesy folk rocked the playhouse and their strong fan base in Victoria packed it. The band introduced their latest album, Long Time Ago, which lead guitarist and singer Scott Stanton called “a breath of fresh air.” The new album strikes a more sombre tone which drummer Chris Petersen called “more grown up.” Stanton said that it was “definitely a pretty big shift from the happy-go-lucky fun-time band to a little more of a serious kind of tone.” Long Time Ago exhibits a more poetic feel, sentimental lyrics filling each song with a sense of depth, story and meaning. However, the band has not lost its sense of humour. Before the show, the fun-loving group joked around. “Punctuality is big,” said bassist Ghosty Boy with a wry smile when their manager, Stephen Franke, shouted from backstage, “Why the hell is Davers [guitarist and vocalist Dave Lang] late by 15 minutes?”  The night began with soothing folk tunes from Jon Middleton of Jon and Roy. Next, Aidan Knight and his band, the Friendly Friends, entertained the crowd with folk-pop that included such diverse musical instruments as a viola, a flugelhorn, a glockenspiel and an Omnichord. When Current Swell band members Scott Stanton, Chris Petersen, Ghosty Boy, Dave Lang and Dave St. Jean took the stage, the 14

MARTLET October 27, 2011

audience’s excitement became palpable. As the October rain pummelled the roof of the McPherson, this surf-influenced band brought back blissful memories of beach bonfires and summer sunsets. The band played such favourites as “Young and Able” and “Stomach” mixed with songs from their new album, which were well received. Stanton said the new album is “more about people and people’s lives than our own lives and our travelling.” One song in particular held true to this. “Brad’s Song” was written for the band’s late best friend, Brad Shuttleworth. Shuttleworth passed away from a spinal cord injury in 2009. The emotional performance moved the audience. Louis Sadava, the former bassist for the band, was brought onstage to remember Brad. The band went on to play a mix of mellow folk songs and reggae inspired surf-rock that had the crowd up and dancing in the aisles. As one concertgoer said, “The only downside of the show was that there wasn’t enough dancing room.” The band reached another dimension in their high-energy performance with the addition of trombone player Dave St. Jean. If we are looking for a protest song for our generation, we could do worse than Current Swell’s “How Could They Trust Us Now.” As the Occupy movement surrounded the playhouse, Stanton and Lang belted out the lyrics, “It’s about our children and this earth and its change . . . we want equal rights and we want justice now.”  Punctual? Perhaps not, but in this reporter’s opinion, Current Swell is right on time.

Current Swell on stage at McPherson Playhouse.

BRONTË RENWICK-SHIELDS


Morning Comes to Victoria with Cuff the Duke > DYLAN TOIGO Canadian alt-country favourite Cuff the Duke has recently released its fifth fulllength album, Morning Comes, and the band will be at Victoria’s Lucky Bar on Nov. 1 for a live performance. The new album, released Oct. 4 on Paper Bag Records, is perhaps the band’s most cohesive effort to date, which is somewhat ironic considering it’s billed as the first of a two-part record. Though not necessarily a concept album, it is the first time Cuff the Duke has approached the making of a record with an overarching theme in mind. Loss, says frontman Wayne Petti, is simply a part of getting older and something that everyone struggles to understand. “Where we were as a band sort of reflected where a lot of people in our age group are, I think,” said Petti over the phone from the band’s home base in Toronto. “There’s that sense of, ‘You’re not in your twenties anymore,’ and it’s sort of the end of a chapter in a way . . . so I wanted it to reflect this sense of a loss of a period of time. I also had loss in my personal life, people I knew and people in my family, and so it also reflects that — the challenges that lie within just growing up.” Despite the sombre subject matter that dominates Morning Comes lyrically, the record doesn’t leave one with a particularly heavy feeling. Like previous Cuff the Duke efforts, there is no shortage of sing-along-ready choruses, such as the opening track, “Time Is Right,” and the record’s first single, “Count On Me.” Even the song “Standing On The Edge,” with its pessimistic chorus line, “I’m standing on the edge of my time and I’ve got nothing left,” is an upbeat and catchy tune. To help with production, the band decided to bring back Blue Rodeo’s Greg Keelor, who worked on Cuff the Duke’s last LP, 2009’s

Way Down Here. Amazingly, the 10 songs on Morning Comes were recorded in just six days, a rare feat for most bands. The fact that the album was accomplished with very little preproduction makes it an even more impressive feat. “It was sort of planned but not planned all at the same time,” Petti said with a bit of a laugh. “A couple of the songs the guys heard for the first time while we were [in the studio], and we all just sort of started playing on it. It was an exciting way to work because you get a level of spontaneity that you don’t get with too much preproduction ... there is definitely something to be said for capturing something in the moment.” Looking back on the finished product, the way the band came together and pushed themselves creatively stands out for Petti. For him, Morning Comes shows how much the band has improved in terms of songwriting and creativity. A good example of this is the nearly eight-minute long “Bound To Your Own Vices,” which is composed of four songs that Petti “just never quite finished.” With some “cool chord changes,” the band is able to link the four distinct parts of the song to create a cohesive whole. The album finishes on a bittersweet note with the quasi-ballad “Letting Go.” Petti’s vocals, which are always impressive, stand out on this song more than any other, and lead guitarist Dale Murray gives the song a sad but seductive air. Lyrically, “Letting Go” is halfway between giving up and moving on, both melancholy and hopeful. As Petti put it, the whole album has that feeling of “I’m down, but I can pick myself up.” Cuff The Duke with Hooded Fang Tuesday November 1 @ 8 p.m. Lucky Bar $15

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October 27, 2011 MARTLET

15


Why don’t newscasts end with a poem? Inaugural Vancouver 125 Poetry Conference asks tough questions, explores poetic forms > JENNY BOYCHUK

The Directions in Contemporary Poetry panel: Clint Burnham, Jen Currin, Christian Bök, Suzanne Buffam, Steven Heighton and Carmine Starnino. people aren’t willing to read a poem more than once or mull it over long enough to learn something. I don’t know what the solution is to this dilemma, though suggestions did come up during a panel on the last day of the event. One audience member suggested that news broadcasts should end with a poem each night. “I think I would like to hear a poem before I go to bed at night,” he said. During another panel, the lack of poetry taught in schools was discussed. Why aren’t we talking about poetry and why is it a peda-

gogical challenge? Vancouver’s new poet laureate, Evelyn Lau, says she wants to help make poetry less intimidating for the public by having verse printed on brown paper, which would go up on the windows of stores under construction. Many alumni and instructors represented UVic at the event. Creative Writing instructors Melanie Siebert and Steven Price read new and old works. Alumna Suzanne Buffam, whose book The Irrationalist was shortlisted for the 2011 Griffin Poetry Prize, was also present. I came out of my two days at the event feel-

FoR THe WeeK oF oCToBeR 24, 2011

CFUV Top Ten

Poetry is dead — isn’t that what they say? Besides a few lurkers in the corners of the alltoo-clichéd coffee shop scene, where do poets still exist? Over 100 North American poets gathered in downtown Vancouver from Oct. 19–22 for the inaugural Vancouver 125 Poetry Conference. The event was held in various locations, including the Simon Fraser University (SFU) Harbour Centre, Segal Building on Granville Street. and the SFU Goldcorp Centre for the Arts. Often, there were two events in session at a time, with three to four poets reading and engaging in discussion with the moderator and audience. I had never been to any kind of writing conference, and I was unsure of what to expect. When I checked in, I was given a folder full of literary magazines, as well as a beautifully made event pass and program guide. The venues were perfect for the literary crowd. The event was organized by former Vancouver poet laureate Brad Cran (who passed the torch on to Evelyn Lau on the last day of the event) in honour of Vancouver’s 125th birthday. Cran’s mission was to showcase contemporary poets — in other words, poets who did not release their first books until after 1990. I quickly realized that this conference was not simply dealing with the love of language — the way a word sounds or how it rolls off the tongue, which is slowly being lost. Nor was it solely preoccupied with form or the rhythm of lines. There was a discussion of political topics, such as Occupy Vancouver. There were questions of what poetry should do and whom it should serve. How accessible should poetry be? As an aspiring writer and poet, perhaps it is biased for me to say that I know the importance of poetry — I know what it can do. Problem is, most poetry isn’t obtuse and most

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MARTLET October 27, 2011

ing very full. I heard poetry that was comical, lyrical, political, anti-political, philosophical, accessible, inaccessible, philosophical and blunt. There were poems in the form of rants, lists, sonnets, anti-sonnets, free verse, ghazals and prose form — to name a few. Poetry is a way of trying to keep people open-minded and engaged in a discussion that is much larger than the 10 lines a poem might inhabit. The Vancouver 125 Poetry Conference gave poets a chance to engage in discussion and ask questions — this was a poetic milestone in itself.

1. THE BRITISH COLUMBIANS * Made For Darker Things (Rural) 2. NEON INDIAN Era Extrana (Dine Alone) 3. ST. VINCENT Strange Mercy (4AD) 4. ZOLA JESUS Conatus (Sacred Bones) 5. WILCO The Whole Love (dbpm/Epitaph) 6. DAN MANGAN * Oh Fortune (Arts & Crafts) 7. RY COODER Pull Up Some Dust and Sit Down (Nonesuch) 8. PARANOID CASTLE * Champagne Nightmares (Fake Four) 9. MISTER HEAVENLY Out Of Love (Sub Pop) 10. APPARAT The Devil’s Walk (Mute) * Canadian artist

JENNY BOYCHUK

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CULTURE


Caspa brings U.K. dubstep to Victoria > ERIN BALL Caspa, a.k.a. Gary McCann, is a dubstep veteran. The DJ from West London has been producing tracks since 2004, not long after the bass-driven electronic music genre first started gaining fans. McCann has enjoyed success in the world of electronic music with remixes like “Where’s My Money” (TC), “Cockney Thug” (Rusko) and the release of his 2009 album Everybody’s Talking, Nobody’s Listening. With the popularity of dubstep, characterized by heavy, slow beats and deep basslines, DJs like Caspa are gaining larger audiences in Canada. In Victoria, dubstep DJs regularly sell out venues like 9one9 and Sugar; the hype over the genre draws people in. “A lot of people are into dubstep because it’s the trendy, cool thing,” says McCann from his studio in Waterloo, a district of London, “which happens with everything. But on the musical side, it doesn’t sound like anything else. It’s got its own unique sound. It kind of puts everything together and it’s like a melting pot of different genres.” McCann says he grew up with music. Both his father and brother collected records. It was a natural progression to start DJing and producing music. “I always had good music around me. I grew up with hardcore and jungle; I was really involved in it,” he says. “I started DJing U.K. garage. That was kind of the start of dubstep, the real dark U.K. garage in the late ’90s rolled into the early 2000s. I was there since the beginning.” McCann says that dubstep evolved out of U.K. underground music. Acid house, hardcore, jungle, drum ’n’ bass, U.K. garage and reggae all influenced the sounds that infiltrate dubstep music today. He believes the Internet is the reason the genre has blown up

all over the world so quickly. It’s also the reason that he draws a big crowd when he plays places far from home, like the West Coast. “It’s a lot easier than it used to be because the Internet is so powerful. Now people can keep up and keep up to date and they know your stuff,” he says. “It’s moving very quickly. I’m really looking forward to coming back [to B.C.] and playing again and seeing how it is.” DJs make their living playing live shows, and it can be tough to juggle performing at clubs and festivals with producing tracks for albums in the studio and trying to have a personal life at the same time. However, McCann says it’s worth it. “In all honesty, it’s a double-edged sword,” he says. “You don’t want to come across like you’re moaning and you’re not enjoying it, because I love it, I completely love it. But obviously everything has a downside to it as well . . . travelling so much and you don’t get to see your friends. Just normal stuff you don’t get to do. But then on the flip side, you do stuff that no one else does and no one else could ever dream of doing: travelling the world and playing in front of thousands of people. It’s like anything; it’s got good and bad, but overall I wouldn’t change it for anything.” And what’s the best part about the DJ lifestyle? “The energy,” he says without hesitation. “Just feeding off people and seeing them go crazy and enjoying it. It’s kind of like a drug, you know what I mean? It’s like puppet master: you’re controlling people, you’re making them dance, their emotions change. It’s a real buzz. I love DJing.” Caspa with Rhythmicon and Synba Wednesday November 2 @ 9 p.m. Club 9one9 $30

TOP TEN REASONS TO ATTEND THE MARTLET’S AGM OCT. 28, 2:30PM, SUB B011

1. IT’LL BE A BLAST 2. MEET NEW PEOPLE 3. HELP US ELECT A NEW BOARD 4. SHAPE AND DIRECT THE DESTINIES OF OUR FUTURE JOURNALISTS 5. CREATE A BETTER, BRIGHTER FUTURE FOR US ALL VIA PRINT

PHOTO OF THE WEEK

JOURNALISM 6. WITNESS THE EPICNESS OF GLEN’S BEARD 7. FEEL IMPORTANT 8. BE IMPORTANT 9. TELL OTHERS THEY ARE IMPORTANT 10. WHY NOT?

PROPOSED AGENDA 1. CALL TO ORDER 2. APPROVAL OF AGENDA 3. NEW BUSINESS 4. NOMINATION AND ELECTION OF DIRECTORS 5. ADJOURNMENT MARCIE CALLEWAERT

UVic art students have been showcasing around campus their unique and thoughtprovoking art projects, like this impaled plastic figure.

CULTURE

October 27, 2011 MARTLET

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THE MIGHTY SPOON

EATS, CHEWS AND LEAVES

SDSD

MIA STEINBERG

Lessons in lasagna > MIA STEINBERG Friends, let’s talk about lasagna. Everyone and their mother should have a really simple, delicious lasagna recipe — one that provides a comfort-food fix without too many fattening ingredients. Lasagna is amazingly versatile. You can put meat in it (or not) and use almost any vegetable or sauce imaginable. As long as you’re layering it with noodles, Garfield the cat will want to eat it. I encourage experimentation! To get you started, this is my personal lasagna recipe, created while on a diet; it cuts out ricotta cheese, which can make your finished Ingredients: 10 whole-wheat lasagna noodles 2 packages frozen spinach 1 white onion, sliced 3 cloves garlic, crushed 1 green pepper, cut into strips 1 zucchini, sliced on an angle 5–6 white mushrooms, sliced 1 crown of broccoli, cut up into florets 1 jar of low-fat pasta sauce 3 cups (710 mL) shredded part-skim mozzarella cheese Method: Preheat oven to 375°F (190°C). Prepare lasagna noodles according to box directions; drain and lay flat on a towel. Cook frozen spinach as directed. Drain well. Sauté onion, garlic and pepper in a large skillet until golden. Add zucchini and

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product very mushy, and replaces it with frozen spinach. With whole-wheat pasta, lowfat sauce and part-skim cheese, each piece is only about 200 calories. This lasagna lasts for about a week in the fridge and freezes amazingly well (separate slices with wax paper to prevent them from freezing together). Whip it up during a break from studying for midterms, and then discover the extra pieces in the freezer during finals! The listed ingredients can make one lasagna in a 9″×13″ Pyrex dish (12 pieces), or you can split it between two smaller aluminum take-out containers and freeze one for later. mushrooms and cook for five more minutes, or until all vegetables are soft. Set aside in a bowl. Cook broccoli in skillet on medium-low heat: sauté for about a minute, then add one-eighth cup of water and cover the skillet tightly to allow broccoli to steam until soft, about three minutes. Stir often to prevent broccoli from burning. Combine the sautéed vegetables and mix gently. Lightly spray or grease a 9” × 13” casserole dish. Place one-third of the tomato sauce on the bottom of the dish and arrange a single layer of lasagna noodles over sauce. Top with half of the spinach, then half of the vegetables. Sprinkle lightly with one cup of mozzarella cheese. Repeat once more, then top with remaining noodles and tomato sauce. Sprinkle with cheese. Bake uncovered for 40 to 45 minutes, and let stand for 15 minutes before cutting.

QUINCY THOMAS

Restaurant reviews It takes a Village to raise the breakfast crowd > KAITLYN ROSENBURG This week, we introduce our new restaurant review column. Appetizers a-plenty! Entrées ahoy!   Before we even set foot inside The Village Café, my friend asked me what I would base my review on. My answer? The food, of course, but also how long the wait for a table was. Once inside, we managed to grab the last two seats at a sunny counter overlooking Estevan Avenue. The décor was something out of a Woody Allen movie. Local art hung on crisp white walls and the bar area teemed with plants and greenery one might find in a grandparent’s sunroom. The smell of buttered toast and vintage wood floors kept the mood relaxed. I told my friend that another sign of a good restaurant is a small menu. The Village keeps breakfast simple, offering omelettes, bennies and a handful of house specialties like challah French toast ($10). Their latke potato pancakes ($10) and West Coast Benny ($12) appeared to be the overall favourite on the Sunday we visited. I noticed many customers asked to swap the fresh bagel normally served with the bennies for the latke pancakes in order to get the best of both dishes. My friend ordered the shakshuka ($11). It’s two poached eggs served in a cumin tomato sauce with sautéed spinach and rye toast. I

                       

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picked the Blue Bridge omelette ($11), which was filled with turkey sausage, caramelized onions and cheddar cheese and served with toast and fruit. As we waited for our order to arrive, my friend sipped on apple cider and I on a coffee. Both were steaming hot and worthy of a second cup. Around us, families, couples and fellow students enjoyed mimosas ($5.50 on Sundays) while reading the paper. The quaint patio that was half-full when we arrived was now at full capacity, and a line had begun to form outside for this breakfast-focused restaurant. Inside, Simon and Garfunkel’s “Mrs. Robinson” played softly as our server brought our order. The shakshuka was flavourful and a hearty portion.  My omelette was a perfect crescent but I found the combination of sausage and cheddar a tad greasy. The fruit was a welcome surprise. Fresh slices of orange, kiwi, grapefruit and pineapple is a small detail that sets The Village apart from the average breakfast establishment. As we left, I noted the line of hungry customers was now over a dozen. I’d happily return for the friendly service and excellent food at The Village, even if that requires a short wait at the door.

 

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  CULTURE


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MUSIC RAGS

Making the Occupy mix tape > BLAKE MORNEAU “Bring me the music for the revolution, it puts my mind at ease to know we’re the problem, we’re the solution, the cure and disease.” – Ben Harper, “Shimmer & Shine” Last week I wrote that I hoped the Occupy revolution would pick some modern political music to help reflect the struggles and aesthetics of our time. The following are some of the songs that encompass what this new movement and these new politics mean to me. Tracy Chapman, “Talkin’ ‘Bout A Revolution” This is the oldest song on the list. Chapman’s incredibly powerful statement on the exploitation of the lower classes deserves to see its place here with us, as it was written during the height of Reaganism and never saw its prophecy fulfilled (“Poor people gonna rise up and get their share. Poor people gonna rise up and take what’s theirs.”).

Tom Morello (The Nightwatchman), “Black Spartacus Heart Attack Machine” Former Rage Against the Machine point man picks up his acoustic guitar, funnels the spirit of the great Pete Seeger and creates a new anthem that’s perfect for singing along to. It’s a simple, sounding blast to the face when Morello sings about the power of the people and his union-made “Black Spartacus Heart Attack Machine.” The Coup, “Laugh/Love/Fuck” Boots Riley and Pam The Funkstress reawaken the partying-as-activism feeling of the Black Panthers’ legendary gatherings in the urban jungles of 1960s America. There really is something to be said for allowing the artificial barriers separating us to fall, even for a little while, as we dance, get our love on and “Help the damn revolution come quicker.” Dan Bern, “My Country II” New folk music hero Dan Bern picks up an electric guitar and rocks his way through this powerful reminder that your/our country belongs to you/us and not to the one per cent of greed-heads. The song is the title track from an entirely stellar EP released in the middle of George W. Bush’s reign. It has lost none of its original power. Everlast, “Kill The Emperor” Whitey Ford has never been the most political of rappers. He normally prefers to rap about CULTURE

prEv

Michael Franti & Spearhead, “Hello Bonjour” There are few artists who represent the new politics of open boundaries, communication and love like Michael Franti. Few of Franti’s songs reflect his quest to bring humanity together quite so well as “Hello Bonjour.” The song is bursting with the joie de vivre that seems to be flowing through the Occupy movement. It’s a catchy condemnation of attempts to keep people apart. While there is a powerful message of community and togetherness, this is indeed “music you can shake your soul to.” State Radio, “Fight No More” Indie music champion Chadwick Stokes brings his ultra-liberal humanitarianism to this reggae stomp. The plodding rhythms turn the song into a militant call for peace, as Stokes sings of the disenfranchised and their struggle against oppressive ruling classes.

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failed relationships and his prowess on the mic, in a fight or in a bed. But like a dog that’s been hit one too many times, he uses his trademark gravelly sing-speak to lash out at the powers that be on this intense, guitardriven track. Everlast can’t help but fantasize about killing his country’s leader, even though he knows he won’t.

Whitey Ford has never been the most political of rappers. He normally prefers to rap about failed relationships and his prowess on the mic, in a fight or in a bed.

Lupe Fiasco feat. Skylar Grey, “Words I Never Said” This is as vicious an indictment of “the system” as anyone on mainstream radio is ever going to release. Fiasco lashes out at damn near everything: Barack Obama, Glenn Beck, crooked banks, apathetic people and fear, among countless other people and ideas. Despite all the vitriol, the underlying message is one that embodies the new “Politics of People.” Lupe identifies with a seemingly vast majority of us when he declares “I’m a part of the problem; my problem is I’m peaceful,”

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Hammell on Trial, “Don’t Kill” The religious fanaticism that has sparked wars has also sparked a left-leaning argument against religion. Folk-punk guitar god Ed Hammell puts his acoustic guitar into overdrive as he channels the voice of a frustrated God who looks over the atrocities carried out in his name and wonders aloud how his message of peace and love could be so distorted. Nneka, “The Uncomfortable Truth” Rapper/singer Nneka turns inward for this compelling look at the deep contradictions that lurk within the human psyche. She pleads for the world to find a better way of co-existing, one guided by love and reason. She begs us to let go of our human tendencies towards anger and jealousy. It doesn’t hurt that “The Uncomfortable Truth” is an incredibly catchy funk/hip-hop track perfect for grooving. Ben Harper, “Better Way” Ben Harper is a man who has dwelled in the realm of strongly political music since the beginning of his career with tracks like “Don’t Take that Attitude to Your Grave,” “Like A King” and “Oppression.” Though he often takes time away from politics to write personal songs, he returns to fine form here as he tears into burning riffs on his signature Weissenborn guitar. He nearly destroys a microphone as he wails against a system of oppression and hopelessness that has been built around all of us. He’s certainly trying to open up his listeners’ eyes and compel them to “believe in a better way.”

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Visit us at martlet.ca to add your favourite fist-pumping anthems to our list. You can add them in the comments section for this article. October 27, 2011 MARTLET

19


SPORTS

Broom, seeker or snitch It has something for us all Hail, hail the Quidditch

Quidditch takes hold on campuses across the continent > JENNY BOYCHUK It’s raw. It’s rough. It’s gaining momentum faster than Usain Bolt in the 100-metre dash. It’s Quidditch. The world’s newest sport, inspired by the Harry Potter franchise, hit UVic last November and started off with a mere eight members. Almost a year later, the club exceeds 90 players — 12 of whom will be attending the Quidditch World Cup in New York City on Nov. 12 and 13. Anna Jessop, founder of Quidditch UVic, says the creation of the team was somewhat of a fluke. “Last November I was a community leader in residence, and the [Harry Potter and the] Deathly Hallows movie was coming out — so we thought we’d have a Harry Potter weekend,” says Jessop. “We had a movie marathon, a potions activity, and we thought it would be really cool to have a Quidditch match as well.” At first, Jessop wasn’t sure how to mimic a sport that’s based on magic. After some research, she was shocked to find it’s played seriously in more than 300 universities and schools around the world. “I looked online to find out how to play and I found the International Quidditch Association [IQA]. I found out that Quidditch is a worldwide sport, really popular in the United States: they have the World Cup, they have an official rule book — all of that,” says Jessop. “I was like, okay, let’s see what we can make out of this.” This year’s World Cup will draw over 2 000 athletes to NYC, and will feature teams from Finland, Argentina and New Zealand. The event is hosted partially by New York University, the IQA and Middlebury College in Vermont — where the game first originated in its non-fictional form. THE SNITCH In the movies, the snitch is a small gold ball with wings that flies about as it pleases. Each team has a “seeker” who tries to catch it, and when they do, the game ends. How does that work in real life? “The snitch is a person who dresses up in all yellow and has a tennis ball in a sock which dangles out the back of his pants,” says UVic team member John Robertson. “He gets a head start — so at the beginning of the game, the snitch just books it in one direction. He already has the huge advantage of not having the

broom — it’s really hard to run and only be able to use one arm to move.” Quidditch UVic has its own snitch. “He can push people over or interrupt plays or push over hoops — until someone catches him,” says Jessop. “As long as he consults with the referee before, then he can do whatever he wants.” Catching the snitch can be a challenge. “He keeps to inside Ring Road, that’s the limit. He’ll tell us if he has ideas of what he wants to do,” says Jessop. “Our first practice this year, he had a unicycle. Surprisingly, a seeker caught him while he was on the unicycle.” BROOMS Swiffer Sweepers, mops, walking sticks, tiki torches — almost anything goes as a broom as long as it abides by the length requirements. Seem a little dangerous? “If we don’t have brooms it’s not Quidditch,” says Jessop. “But, people do get speared by them.” “Surprisingly, not very often though,” adds Robertson. “I anticipate it happening a lot more because now we’re stepping up the intensity — now it’s almost like a requirement that all of us wear mouth-guards, and some of us, especially those who are going to the World Cup, will be getting goggles,” says Jessop. “There’s a website that sells Harry Potter novelty, and they are one of the big sponsors of the World Cup. [Brooms are] about $35 to $75. Our seeker has an awesome broom,” says Jessop. BALLS AND POSITIONS “The beaters throw dodge balls at each other and if you get hit with one, it’s the knockout effect, so you have to dismount your broom because you ‘fell off.’ Then you have to run back to the hoop and touch it,” says Jessop. Chasers score through the hoops with a quaffle — which, in Jessop’s case, is a red spray-painted volleyball. “The World Cup will be providing top-of-the line Quidditch equipment, such as brooms, hoops and harder dodge balls. We’ll have to get used to that. Right now they use a volleyball as a quaffle too, but actual quaffles are being developed — with the actual indentations,” says Jessop. The keeper defends the three hoops on their

ADAM KLEEBERGER SHAVES FACE FOR GOOD CAUSE

Quidditch looks to soar into UVic’s mainstream. side while the seeker, who must be extremely athletic, chases the snitch until he or she is caught. THE FUTURE OF UVIC QUIDDITCH Jessop wants to heighten the Quidditch presence out West. “We just submitted an application to become a sports club, so we’re really excited about that,” says Jessop. “I’d really like to host an IQA Western regional tournament because right now, Canada is considered a region.” The club does face challenges, though. “We want to find sponsorships, grants and fundraisers — but when we tell them we’re

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MARTLET October 27, 2011

Quidditch, that’s not always taken seriously,” says Jessop. Jessop says no one has been rude—they just want to know more because it’s different from traditional sport. “It’s a sport that if you don’t fit into any other sport, you can play this one. Which I think is the key thing. It’s an alternative sport — plus it’s fully co-ed, which if you think about it, no other sport is offered as only coed,” says Jessop. For more information on Quidditch, visit internationalquidditch.org.

Vikes swimming accedes to Olympics > TYLER LAING

ALI LEE Adam Kleeberger (centre), a former UVic Vike who represented Canada at the 2011 Rugby World Cup, had his epic beard shaved off alongside Canadian comedian RIck Mercer (right) at UVic on Oct. 17. Kleeberger raised more than $5 000 in his Shear the Beard campaign. The money will go toward two charities: the Movember campaign and Christchurch Earthquake Relief. It seems Thunder the Mascot (left) wasn’t in the shaving mood.

TESS FORSYTH

Looking at their credentials, UVic’s swim team brims with ability. Not only did the Vikes have a strong showing at the 2011 Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) National Championships last February, finishing fourth and fifth in the women’s and men’s categories respectively, but a number of Vikes succeeded internationally throughout the year as well. Various UVic swimmers competed at the world championships, the Universiade Games, and, most recently, the Pan American Games — claiming medals from each. And with the 2012 Olympics just around the corner, there’s a good chance the program will be well-represented there too. The only problem with having such a deep talent pool is that those athletes who might make the Olympic team won’t be available to compete on the University circuit. “This year is going to be an unusual year as far as CIS goes,” says Vikes swimming head coach Peter Vizsolyi. “We’re not going to be as strong as we were last year.” Several UVic swimmers participate in both the Pacific Coast Swimming, a high performance academy based out of Victoria, and varsity programs. “Most of the kids in the academy are going to focus on just making the Olympic team,” says Vizsolyi. But while the loss of a handful of interna-

tional-calibre swimmers may adversely affect UVic’s CIS team scores, Vizsolyi wouldn’t have it any other way. “Our goal with the program has always been that we want to provide kids with the best opportunity to be academically successful and to pursue their [athletic] goals,” he says. “If their goal is to represent Canada at the Olympics — whether they’re trying to get on the podium or whatever their goal is—we’re going to support that. It’s a clear philosophical commitment to them when we recruit them.” Regarding this season, however, Vizsolyi acknowledges that the Vikes’ varsity swimmers — both returning and just joining — will have more of an opportunity to contribute. “You have people who have never been thrust into a leadership role because they’re not quite at that elite level, who are going to be the leaders,” he says. “They’re going to have to take up that challenge at competitions.” While an unfamiliar leadership role might add pressure to the current athletes, it’s a pressure Vizsolyi wants to see them absorb as a team. “I don’t think that’s the right kind of pressure to put on individuals,” he says. “They’re going to have to come together as a group.”

Got some sports ideas kicking around? Pitch them to sports@martlet.ca


TESS FORSYTH

UVic sailing fleet skims across Cadboro Bay’s sun-dappled waters.

UVic sailing club: Taking a different tack toward success > BRONTË RENWICK-SHIELDS Being out on the water at Cadboro Bay with UVic’s sailing team is a fine way to spend an afternoon. The University of Victoria Sailing Club is one of UVic’s oldest standing clubs. Except for a brief hiatus in the early 2000s, the club has been running since the founding of the university in 1963. Current club president Robert Berry has been a member for the past two years. He’s proud of the club’s success; they won third place last year in the district champion competition and they’re the port of call for five national team members.

SPORTS

“We’ve really stepped it up in the last two years,” says Berry. “We’ve brought a lot of new, fresh, young sailors onto the team, a lot of new talent. We’ve also been practising a lot and our results are definitely looking up.” The sailing club includes both a recreational and social aspect as well as a competitive racing team. The racing team competes every weekend in the intercollegiate league and travels as far as Hawaii for regattas. Members are serious about their sport, but know how to have fun as well; they offer various social activities and, as Berry says, “wicked parties.” The team has a real sense of family, Berry says. “There is definitely a good, strong core group of great dedicated sailors

— sailing brings everyone together.” “We’re a family. We go out together and chill and party and whatnot,” he says. Being a member of the team is a big commitment; the sailors must be dedicated as the team practises at least three times a week, and also has regattas every weekend. Many of the sailors also coach for the club’s lesson program, which brings in most of the money needed for new boats and travelling costs. In June the team raised enough money to buy two new boats for the season. Each year, lessons sell out within days of being offered. As Berry says, “Sailing is awesome; it sells itself.” These sailors live for the adrenaline rush, the thrill of the race and the nervous energy

that flows in the starting lineup. My advice from Berry before going into the water was: “Don’t scream no matter what happens. Screaming only gets them excited.” To be a good racer requires more than just skill — it also takes a competitive drive. “You need to have a game plan to win,” says Berry. Sailing is more than just a sport for these athletes: it’s a lifestyle. From their own lingo (jib, tack and gooseneck, to say a few) to their own style (Ray-Bans, wool toques, beaters and Sperrys), sailing is a way of life. And judging from my time on the water, it’s a great one. For more information on UVic’s sailing club, visit web.uvic.ca/sailingclub.

October 27, 2011 MARTLET

21


SCIENCE & TECH

Jump in air, fist hit brick, out comes gold coin ring ring boots squash mushroom man.

Survey finds more than 70 per cent of students engage in cybersex > DAMIRA DAVLETYAROVA — THE BRUNSWICKAN (UNIVERSITY OF NEW BRUNSWICK)

UNB graduate student Maryna Ivus says she and her boyfriend continued their relationship online after she moved to Fredericton to pursue her studies. She lists lack of face-toface contact and availability of technology as reasons they turned to cybersex. In the beginning, Ivus says, she felt uncomfortable. But knowing her boyfriend was on the other side of the screen, and cybersex was so widespread among students, made her feel it was a viable option for someone in a longdistance relationship. “I think a lot of students are doing that [cybersex]. It’s just a more secret, intimate topic,” says Ivus. When Shaughnessy was starting her research about cyber sexuality five years ago, she was starting at square one. Cybersex was under-researched, its definition was unclear, and it kept changing with new technology. But with the effort of other researchers and student surveys, she could finally answer the question, What is cybersex? “Cybersex occurs in real-time. It’s a sexual communication where at least two people are

FREDERICTON (CUP) — Students are getting sexier with their online communication, a UNB PhD candidate says. Krystelle Shaughnessy, a PhD candidate in Clinical Psychology at the University of New Brunswick, has been collecting data from heterosexual UNB students about their cybersex activity and experiences. She says cybersex among students is becoming more prevalent. Preliminary results from an online survey indicate more than 70 per cent of UNB students engage in some form of cybersex. But in 2006, her research showed only 25 per cent of students had cybersex. Shaughnessy says the greater percentage is due to the increasing roles of technology and Internet in modern life, especially with students. “Students are particularly important to look at, because how often are students not attached to their computers?” she says.

involved, so you can’t do it on your own. That means it’s different from looking at erotic images or videos,” explains Shaughnessy. “People are describing either sexual activities or sexual fantasies, sexual interests or desires . . . and it is over the Internet or some medium. People can or may not be self-stimulating; it might be about sexual arousal, it might not be about sexual arousal.” Shaughnessy says her research is focused on recreational cybersex — infrequent, online sexual activity that’s not compulsive, obsessive or addictive. In her most recent study, Shaughnessy noticed students reporting more positive than negative outcomes from cybersex. She also says recreational cybersex is safer than any other sexual activity. “There is no risk of pregnancy, there is no risk of STDs, decreased risk of harassment or assaults, or even rejection, because you have more control over what’s happening on your computer screen,” says Shaughnessy. “If something starts to go where you don’t want it go, you can just shut off the computer.”

At the same time, she adds, nothing is safe, so students must be careful. More males than females responded to the survey. Shaughnessy says maybe men are more comfortable admitting to having cybersex, or perhaps are more interested in it than women. She wants to find out why either gender has cybersex. “Are men and women using cybersex to experiment with activities that they are not comfortable to experiment with offline?” asks Shaughnessy. As for Ivus, she’s no longer interested in cybersex. Although she says it was a part of her long-distance relationship, a step in her life, and maybe even a fear to overcome, when she tried it, she didn’t enjoy it. “Still, it’s unreal,” explains Ivus. “For me, it is important to hug the person, to feel the person and to see him every day.”

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Saturn: Sega’s lost videogame console of the ’90s

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I’d like to complete my trilogy in the saga of failed home video game systems with the story of the Sega Saturn. Released in 1995, the Saturn was Sega’s entry into the 32-bit console market. The Saturn was a fairly bulky console, all black and comparable to an original Xbox in size. It was among the first CD-ROM-only game systems. Its controllers were also on the bulky side, with a layout very similar to the Sega’s Genesis controllers. Having gained a foothold in a majority of North American gamers’ homes throughout the early ’90s with their 16-bit Genesis console, Sega hoped the Saturn would continue that success. But while its success with the Genesis — as well as in arcades — established Sega’s reputation as not only a game company to be reckoned with but a very strong game developer in its own right, the Saturn had a very big shadow looming over it. Sony’s PlayStation (PS1) was gathering game industry attention and excitement prior to its release. The PS1 was graphically powerful as well as an easy platform on which to develop software. With the marketing power and financial resources of Sony, it was clear PlayStation would be the system to beat. With PS1 on the horizon, Sega knew it had to change its game plan with the Saturn, but this led to some big mistakes. The first one happened during the console’s development. After learning just how power-

ful the PS1 would be, Sega hastily beefed up the Saturn’s circuitry. Doing so created hardware that game developers would find extremely difficult to program games for. Another mistake was made in the Saturn’s initial release in 1995. Originally planned for a release date one week before the PS1’s launch in September, Sega surprised everyone by releasing the Saturn in North American stores in May, hoping this four-month lead would give Sega an advantage. But the move backfired on the company: many of the game titles that were to accompany the Saturn on its September launch were not available in May. Gamers were left with six unimpressive titles to play in the meantime. At best, the Saturn had modest sales before being trumped by PlayStation’s vast library of flashy games and sleek console design standards that quickly gave Sony the top ranking in the North American video game market. When the Nintendo 64 was released in North America a year later — backed by mega-hits like Super Mario 64, Mario Kart 64 and Goldeneye — the Saturn quickly fell to a distant third. By 1998, Sega shelved the failed Saturn in North America. Looking back on the Saturn’s library of games shows it to be a system still worthy of ownership by any true gamer. Even though Sega didn’t get things right in the marketing department, the fact remains that they are still one of the world’s best game developers. Gamers who can dig up this system should try Virtua Fighter 2 and Sega Rally, two classics that deserve a perfect 10 score.


DIVERSIONS

Endor shields are down No wait, they are still active Ackbar: It’s a trap!

SEEING STARS EVENTS

HOROSCOPES FOR THE WEEK OF OCTOBER 27TH – BY CANDACE O’NEILL Capricorn (Dec. 22 - Jan. 19): It may feel as though you’re fighting for a lost cause these days but don’t give up just quite yet, Capricorn. You are closer than you know to achieving what you’ve been working so hard toward. Aquarius (Jan. 20 - Feb. 18): It would probably be best to lay low this week and let the smoke clear before trying to clarify anything. You might be in the right, but your story will fall on deaf ears if you try to tell it too soon. Pisces (Feb. 19 - Mar. 20):  Don’t let the negativity and small-mindedness of others impede you from carrying on with your plans this week. As much as you you’d like to, you simply cannot please everyone this time, Pisces. Aries (Mar. 21 - Apr. 19): An unexpected financial boost will be headed your way this week. Avoid spending this extra income on things you don’t really need. Instead, put it toward your debt, or put it into savings for unexpected expenses. You’ll be glad you did. Taurus (Apr. 20 - May 20): Oftentimes, the fear of something turns out to be far greater than the actual thing we fear.  Don’t let your perceptions of something scare you away this week. Instead, look at it for what it really is. Gemini (May. 21 - June 20): It feels like you’ve been fighting a never-ending battle the past few weeks. As exhausting as it may be, don’t give up the good fight just yet. A new piece to the puzzle will emerge this week giving you the upper hand you need.

Cancer (June 21 - July 22): With so many things and so many people competing for your attention these past few months, it has been hard to focus on yourself. Take the time this week shut out the rest of the world and put yourself first for a change.

PHILOSOPHERS CAFE Time: 7–8:30 p.m., every 2nd and 4th Wednesday Location: James Joyce Bistro (1175 Douglas at View) For topics see http://www.meetup.com/philosopherscafevictoria

CHINATOWN COMMUNITY CARE FOUNDATION FUNDRAISER Leo (July 23 - Aug. 22):   Be wary of jumping to any harsh conclusions this week, Leo. You may think that you have all of the facts, but do you really? It might be wise to really reexamine the situation before passing any judgment.

Victoria Chinatown Community Care Foundation Fundraiser Nov 9, 5:30p Golden City Restaurant Tickets $60 (incl $33 tax receipt) More info: gaylechong@earthlink.net

Virgo (Aug. 23 - Sept. 22): You may be dedicated to your work, but how dedicated is your work to you? It might be wise to read all of the fine print before signing any type of work-related contracts for the next few weeks. They may not have your best interest at heart. Libra (Sept. 23 - Oct. 22): It will be incredibly important to pay attention to the little details this week. A small error now could amount to a colossal mistake in a few weeks time. Double and triple check everything for now. Scorpio (Oct. 23 - Nov. 21): Don’t get caught up in minor details this week, Scorpio, or you’ll drive yourself insane. Focus on the bigger picture at hand. Things will become much clearer and life will be much more enjoyable. Sagittarius (Nov. 22 - Dec. 21): It may feel as though you’ve been waiting an eternity for that elusive opportunity, but don’t worry, Sagittarius; you won’t have to wait much longer. In the meantime, stay diligent and focused.

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T:10”

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23


COMICS

Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na Na BAT-MAN!

BEARDS MOSTLY BY GLEN O’NEILL

RYAN’SUPER FUN TIME GO!

BY RYAN HAAK

EVENTS ALL WEEK LONG AT FELICITA’S MONDAY

Jamaraoke 9 pm ! NDAY O M Y EVER

TUESDAY

Quiz Night

& Band Hero

8 pm DAY!

S Y TUE EVER

WEDNESDAY

Master of the Tables DJ Competition 9 pm EVERY WEDNESDAY!

THURSDAY

UVIC Idol. 8 pm

www.felicitas.ca 24

MARTLET October 27, 2011

! SDAY

R Y THU EVER

FRIDAY

See felicitas.ca for weekly events

SATURDAY

Premium Bottles $4.25 Buy one get one 50% off Appies


October 27, 2011