PORTFOLIO Marine Manchon 2014
- PORTFOLIO -
ARCHITECTURE content I. Working Experience -p.7MVRDV -p.8-
II. Athis-Mons, dealing with the greater Paris -p.181. The striped territory, urban study -p.202. The informal grid, urban proposal -p.24-
III. Public amenities -p.32-
1. Landscape negociation, a swiming pool in Lormont -p.322. Multi-functional structure, Harbour in Helsinki -p.36-
Curriculum Vitae -p.40-
about me After graduating last year from the Paris La Villette school of architecture, I have moved to the Netherlands to study in the Delft Technical University this autumn. The reasons for this were my desire to participate in the well known master studio led by Winy Maas, The Why Factory, to understand better the very special dutch approach to design and to the design process. After those five months spent in the research field, I joined the MVRDV office in Rotterdam, where I worked for half a year. My intentions are to work in the Netherlands, and benefit from its very rich architectural environment and the incredibly nice dutch lifestyle. I come from the south of France but have lived in many countries during my childhood, including the Netherlands and the United States. Apart from TU Delft, I have studied in two diferent architecture schools. I studied three years in the Bordeaux Architecture School which gave me very strong theoretical and practical skills; and two master years in the Paris La Villette School during which I adressed urban issues in studios related to metropolitan areas such as Paris, Mexico City or Helsinki. I am mostly interested in urbanism and in the ways cities grow, but I also take deep interest in the way architecture affects the shape of the city.
INTERNSHIPS The internships I have done throughout my curriculum have allowed me to work in totally different environments. The first internship was in Ball & Nogues Studio, which is based in Los Angeles and builds ephemeral architecture, then I worked in Atelier Jean Nouvel, and it has allowed me to glimpse the process of large-scale projects and the reality of architectural competitions, I also worked for Atela Architects, a Paris based office, and it helped me to better understand the tender system in France and working on various housing projects. Lately my work in MVRDV has been the most fullfilling, allowing me to work on a wide range of projects, for architectural competitions to urban planning.
While I was working in MRVDV, I have worked on many different projects, architectural competitons, and two urban planning projects.
This project was a short architectural competiton for offices in Clichy, France. The program combined offices and common amenities, such as a gym, a restaurant and a kindergarden. The project took advantage the site, a six meter high bank, which was dug out in order to welcome the common amenities and to open the building on the street level. The building shape comes from a rational and efficient office building shape and was twisted to fit the site, offer views and allow access to the building. 8
escaliers de secours < 40 m
3 noyaux 600 m² 550 m²
ETAGES DE BUREAUX
600 m² 1000 m² 900 m²
accès parking souterrain
salle de sport
REZ DE CHAUSSÉE
6. LES TRIBUNES
4. L´ESPLANADE vers le centre ville
5. LE JARDIN DES ENFANTS 1. LE JARDIN POTAGER
4. LE GRAND PARVIS
REZ DE JARDINS
3. LE JARDIN ZEN
parc des impressionistes 2. LE JARDIN DES IMPRESSIONISTES
On the ground level, an artificial topograohy is created by digging out the bank. This topography runs through the building and out in the courtyards, creating differentiated landscapes and atmospheres.
Internships MVRDV This project was an architectural competition in which I took part for a short time. The tower is located in Vienna, the elegant and feminin shape of the tower is the result of a very rationalist approach of both the site and the competition instuctions. The basic volume was twisted and carved through, allowing the surrounding buldings and nearby plaza, a minimum of two hours of sunlight per day.
The plans of the tower show flexibility and could be changed from office plans to apartment plans. ( graphics made in corporation with MVRDV, credits to Luca Moscelli, Angelika Hinterbrandner, Johannes Langer, Antonio Luca)
ent d e
s n a v ir e s
I have worked on two MVRDV masterplans in France, the first was a masterplan in Bordeaux, and the second one was in the city of Caen. The masterplan in Caen mostly took place on the Caen peninsula, which is today occupied
by industries. The masterplan, divided in 16 neighborhoods, is completely based on the existing, filing the in betweens with housing programs, and maintaining the existing only as «footprints», turned into gardens or special programs.
stepstory : «offsets» are made around the existing creating a new network of streets. The new neigborhoods grow inside these offsets, while the footprints of the existing are maintained.
( graphics made in corporation with MVRDV, credits to Jill Pichon, Pierre des Courtis)
This project is an architecture competition for the first building to be built in the Bastide Niel masterplan in Bordeaux. The multiple layers suggest the overlapping of the new and the old, a former military warehouse. The old was restored and transformed to house a cultural program. Above, big «houses» from a small village, accessible via suspended bridges. The houses’ structure penetrates the old building, forming patios and allowing light to flow in.
ATHIS MONS This project was my graduation project which I have worked on for a year. It includes two phases, first an analysis of the city of Athis Mons and its surroundings to understand its landscape and its political, economical and social context, and determine what are the main issues to address. And secondly, a project focusing on part of Athis Mons, an industrialised riverbank of the Seine, bound to become a new housing neighborhood as most of the industrialized riverbank of the Seine are.
Athis Mons ANALYSIS
The town of Athis Mons is located in the parisian suburbs, south of the Orly airport. The aim of this analysis was to get an overwiew of this territory’s features and characteristics to interpretate the site in a way that could lead to a project. The small town’s landscape is highly characterized by its geography on one hand, as it is located in a valley and next to the Seine, and by the infrastructure crossing it on the other hand, a huge railroad and an important road. These elements constitute natural and artificial frontiers which have constrained the urban fabric of Athis Mons deeply.They have produced the resulting landscape, which is divided in what I have called «strips». These landscape strips each have their own specific urban fabric, natural environment, identity, density and architecture. 20
ORLY VILLENEUVE-LE-ROI WISSOUS
JUVISY-SURORGE SAVIGNY-SURORGE DRAVEIL VITRYCHATILLON
2. 3. 4.
the stripped landscape
1. hillside, it has a steep slope so there are very few houses, but a parc system that links Athis Mons to the next town, Juvisy. 2. hill foot, it is an area next to a small river, called the Orge, part of it homes collective housing, and part of it is floodable and non-buildable. The first part of the project takes place in this area, with a target to build very dense housing, based on a «village rue» typology, and benefit from this privileged location without destroying the surrounding natural environment. 3. Val d’Athis, a homogenous residential neighborhood, characterized by its yellow stone houses, and isolated from the rest of the town by the hill on the west, and the railroad on the east.
4. railroad, Athis Mons’ railroad has two diferent networks, the first one is still in use and supports the RER trains connecting Athis Mons to Paris, and the second network used to be a freight station but is not in use and is now a 30 hectare wasteland next to the Val d’Athis. The second project is in this area, it would be transformed in a floodable park, to create a new «bank» for the Val d’Athis neighborhood, and the earth moved from the site would be used as backfill for the new neighborhood planned on the indusrial area. 5. industrial zone, it a large area located on the riverbank and separated from Athis Mons by the large rail network. Although part of it is still in use (waste disposal, cement company, logistics), most of it only consists of empty warehouses and wastelands. The 3rd and most important project took place in this area, a reconquest of the riverbank, building a whole new neighborhood and making the Seine accessible to the inhabitants of Athis Mons and Juvisy. One of the main issues of this site was that it is floodable.
THE DIKE I decided to focus on the 3rd project area which is the industial zone. Considering the real estate pressure these kind of areas are under today, the main idea was to forestall any ÂŤmasterplanÂť type urbanism and suggest a different type of urbanism which would allow more diversity and spontaneity favoring an evolving and organic growth instead of a planned and rigid urbanism. Most of this area is listed as floodable in the Risk Prevention Plan (PPRI) established by the township, so making this area building land was the main issue. The project implied backfilling part of the site with land digged on the floodable park of the former railroad on one hand, and with earth digged out from small canals, also used to drain the site. The area would then work as a dike next to the Seine, preventing the town from being flooded, and the park on the former railroad would work as a reservoir basin in case of flood. The project is staged according to the availability of real estate, the municipality would buy out 1. the land as soon as the companies move, and the site backfilled and built by increments. This scenario takes into account 2. the availability of land today, as the municipality already owns some of the plots, and as some of the companies taht used to work 3. their are out of business. 24
Project staging scenario
TYPES By analyzing closely the context of this site, from floodability to surrounding activities, densities and programs, I determined divisions and identified types of landscape, each having their own specificities. I identified seven diferent types of landscapes, which were either clearly sparated from one another or sometimes overlapping. The six first types are intended to be built, and the seventh is a parc type, it is floodable land, and will be the main public spaces of the new neighborhood. Each buildable type was combined with a set of building rules, attached to a grid used to divide sites into plots and define a modular building unit. To each landscape type was associated a housing typology, density and program.
high flooding risk
floodable land 38 m 33 m 31 m
flooding risks, high and medium hazards
flooding risks, extensive flooding area
backfilled land - level : 36 m building land with high flooding risks - level : 33 m land next to railroad - level : 36 to 40 m land with high risks of flooding - level : 34 m reservoir basin in case of flood - level : 33 m Seine level : 31 m
backfilled and drained land canal
floodable land 37 m 36 m 33 m 31 m
flooding risks, high and medium hazards
flooding risks, extensive flooding area
5. Sound proof Belt 6. Hybrid Crossing
3. Neighboring Harbour 2. Inhabited Dicke
4. Floodable Suburb
7. Floodable Parc 1. Vertical Node
1. Vertical Node - Plot Density Public / Private space
RDC / R+1 45% max 18 x
espace privé collectif
URBAIN activité / bureau rdc/r+1
R+2 à R+8 max - 45% max 24 + (18 -RDC/R+1)x
équipement logement collectif
2. Inhabited Dicke - Village Islands Public / Private space
espace public espace privé collectif 50%min jardin privé RDC - 55% max 5x
commerce / atelier 5% min logement accès individuel 50%
R+1 - 45% max
logement collectif 50%
parking : une place par logement
R+2 - 35% max
3. Neighboring Harbour - Dock houses Public / Private space
Program RDC - 60% max 1,5 x
logement accès individuel
Parking R+1 à R+3 - 100% max 2,25 x
4. Floodable Suburb - Deck House Grid rules
Public / Private space espace public espace privé collectif jardin privé RDC - 75% max 3x
Program logement accès individuel logement collectif
RDC - 65% max 4x R+1 - 50% max 2x
R+1 - 50% max
5. Sound proof Belt - Perforated Screen Grid rules
Public / Private space espace public espace privé collectif jardin privé
RDC /R+1 - 37% max 6x
Program logement collectif commerce rdc/r+1
R+2 à R+5 - 37% max
variante zone inondable
R+6 - 25% max 4x
6. Hybrid Crossing - Infrastructure Base Grid rules
Public / Private space espace public espace privé collectif
Program activité / bureau rdc/r+1 /r+2
R+1 à R+2 - 75% max 24 x
commerce r+1 / r+2 équipement espace public logement collectif
Parking R+3 à R+4 - 30% max
Rules apply to each typology, restricting the plot sizes, and number of plot each developer is allowed to buy. This system favors small developers or even grouped individual investors, and garantees architectural diversity. The two main roads and the parcs are the only infrastructure and public space the municipality is responsible of building, for each plot bought, the developers have to dedicate a percentage of that plot to build roads or public space. Following this system, the fisrt developers to build lays out a pattern and rules for the next developers, the urban plan is not fixed, and evolves according to which plot are bought first. The density, program and type of each
architectural typology was established according to the surrounding context. For example, the housing which sit next to the railroad are higher and provide a screen to limit noise pollution. The area next to the bridge connecting the neighborhood to the rest of the town, is a center of density and its high rises are a landmark for the neighborhood. Built at its maximum capacity this plan would accomodate 1600 housing units, and reaches the same density as a masterplan type urbanism.
SWIM This bachelor graduation project is located in Lormont, a small town close to Bordeaux, and next to the Garonne river. This site is characterized by a singular topography, the hillside gets very close to the river, and the urban fabric of Lormont sits in a fault of the hill, joining the hill to the riverbank. I took advantage of that singular situation, to insert my project in a belvedere position on top of the hill, in a former limestone quarry, facing the Garonne. The building is a reference in the landscape. The program is that of an average swimming pool, which can accomodate about 300 people, linked to a smal restaurant.
Swim LORMONT POOL
The chosen site for the pool is a natural site, the pool sits in between the hills, linking one to another. The pool hall is just in the middle, facing the view and openned to both sides of the building, allowing the view to be seen from the outdoor spaces of the pool, located in the park. The building is like an arch on the top of the hill, a window towards the Garonne. The restaurant is located on the side of one of the hills and facing the outdoor areas of the pool. The wooden structure contrasts with the stone facade of the pool, and the two buildings are connected by a high coverage beams defining a common courtyard to both buildings..
HARBOUR This project is located in an old industrial harbour in Helsinki which is today being rehabilitated. The purpose of this exercise was to consider different ways to urbanize the area, find an alternative to the traditional «îlot» favored by developers today. This project highlights this exceptional situation and takes advantage of the tip of the peninsula facing the bay, playing with artificial land, shaping it through a sytem of retaining walls. This project seeks to create rich and diverse situations between land, cover, walls and water.
Harbour STRUCTURAL SECTIONS
The project was designed through section drawings, these sections are the structural element of buildings but also define spaces and shape the landscape through the walls which run along the site, from water to inland. The strucutre is inspired by the Palafolls library designed by Enric MirallĂ¨s
Curriculum Vitae MARINE MANCHON firstname.lastname@example.org Rosier Fassenstraat 31E 3025 GJ, Rotterdam tel: +316 49 08 74 45 french, 25 years old portfolio : http://issuu.com/martine-martine/docs/portfolio
March 2014 - Internship at MVRDV in Rotterdam. July 2012 - Internship at Atela Architecture in Paris. February 2012 - Internship at Ateliers Jean Nouvel, in Paris. August 2010 - Internship at the Ball & Nogues Studio in Los Angeles, Indianapolis et New York. ( http://issuu.com/martine-martine/docs/rapport_de_stage_la )
July 2009 - Internship in a construction company, Texas BĂ˘timent in Paris.
November 2013 - Willow House Workshop, The Why Factory. August 2013 - Architecture VS Design, workshop in Groznjan, Croatia, with Tezuka Architects.
Diplomas 2013 - Master of Architecture obtained in the Paris Architecture School of La Villette, ENSAPLV. 2011 - Bachelor of Architecture obtained in the Bordeaux Architecture School, ENSAPBx. 2007 - Baccalaureat Science, option Physics and Chemestry, and English obtained with highest honors.
Year 2013-2014 - Master in Architecture at the Delft Technology University, The Why Factory Studio Years 2011 to 2013 - Master at the Paris National Architecture School of La Villette, ENSAPLV. Years 2008 to 2010 - Bachelor in the Bordeaux National Architecture School, ENSAPBx. Year 2007-2008 - First year in the Toulouse National Engineering School, INSA. Years 2004 to 2007 - 10th, 11th and 12th grade, Scientific option Physics Chemestry and English in
LycĂŠe Louis Barthou of Pau (64).
Spoken Languages English fluent. / Spanish understood. / French mother tongue
Computer Skills Mac OSX, Windows 8, Adobe (Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrator), Archicad, Autocad, Artlantis, Sketchup, Rhinoceros, Grasshopper.
Architecture, design, photography, Contemporary Art, travelling, cooking, danse.