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Brazilian Modernism Brasília / Rio de Janeiro / Niterói

Photographs and texts: Martijn Giebels Translations: Delle Benton Contact: mail@martijngiebels.com www.martijngiebels.com

Copyright © 2017 by Martijn Giebels

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical reviews and certain other noncommercial uses permitted by copyright law. For permission requests, write to the author at the address above.


Brasília

Niterói Rio dede Janeiro Rio Janeiro


Brazil has a rich architectural tradition with great architects, boasting names such as Lúcio Costa, João Filgueiras Lima and of course Oscar Niemeyer. The country has a diverse society with a complex history. This is reflected within the architecture, with people and nature playing a pivotal role. The absolute architectural highlight of Brazil is Brasília. The capital seemingly rose out of the ground in no time in the 1950’s and is a city where Niemeyer has evidently left his mark on. Also in Rio de Janeiro and Niterói there are many examples following this tradition. In this book a selection of exemplary buildings, spanning the last eight decades. Martijn Giebels, May 2017

Brasília

006

Rio de Janeiro 136 Niterói

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Buildings

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BRASÍLIA Page 6-11: Plano Piloto de Brasília Lúcio Costa Page 12: Memorial JK Oscar Niemeyer 1981 Page 13: Memorial dos Povos Indígenas Oscar Niemeyer 1987 Page 14: Palácio do Buriti Nauro Jorge Esteves 1969 Page 15: Bus stop Eixo Monumental Oscar Niemeyer Page 16-17: Ginásio Nilson Nelson Ícaro de Castro Mello, Eduardo de Castro Mello, Cláudio Cianciarullo 1973

Page 22-23: Planetário de Brasília Sérgio Bernardes 1974 Page 24-27: Fundação Nacional de Artes - Espaço Marquise: Teatro Funarte Plínio Marcos, Sala Funarte Cássia Eller, Galeria Funarte Fayga Ostrower Oscar Niemeyer 1991, 1977, 2000 Page 28-29: Torre de TV de Brasília Lucio Costa 1965 Page 30-31: Teatro Nacional Cláudio Santoro Oscar Niemeyer 1981 Page 32-35: Biblioteca Nacional de Brasília Oscar Niemeyer 2008 Page 36-43: Museu Nacional Honestino Guimarães Oscar Niemeyer 2006

Page 18-21: Estádio Nacional de Brasília Mané Garrincha Ícaro de Castro Mello (Renovation: Eduardo Page 44-49: Catedral Castro Mello, GMP) 1974 (2013) Metropolitana de Brasília Oscar Niemeyer 1970


Page 50-53: Esplanada dos Ministérios

Page 84-85: Museu da Cidade Oscar Niemeyer 1960

Page 116-119: Hospital Sarah Centro João Filgueiras Lima

Page 54-57: Anexos dos Ministérios João Filgueiras Lima

Page 86-87: Palácio do Planalto Oscar Niemeyer 1960

Page 120-123: Santuário Dom Bosco Carlos Alberto Naves 1963

Page 58-63: Palácio Itamaraty Oscar Niemeyer 1970

Page 88-91: Panteão da Pátria e da Liberdade Tancredo Neves Oscar Niemeyer 1986

Page 124-129: Superquadra Sul

Page 64-69: Palácio da Justiça Oscar Niemeyer 1962 Page 70-75: Congresso Nacional do Brasil Oscar Niemeyer 1960 Page 76-77: Câmara dos Deputados – Anexo IV Oscar Niemeyer Page 78-79: Supremo Tribunal Federal Oscar Niemeyer 1960 Page 80-83: Praça dos Três Poderes Lúcio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer

Page 102-103: Shopping Conjunto Nacional, Setor de Diversões Norte 1971 Page 104-105: Post Office, Setor Hoteleiro Sul Q. 1 Page 106-107: Edifício Morro Vermelho João Filgueiras Lima 1974 Banco Central do Brasil Hélio Ferreira Pinto 1981 Page 108-109: Galeria Dos Estados Page 110-115: Parque da Cidade Oscar Niemeyer, Glauco Campello

Page 130-133: Igrejinha Nossa Senhora de Fátima Oscar Niemeyer 1958

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RIO DE JANEIRO Page 138-141: Instituição Obra do Berço Oscar Niemeyer 1937 Page 142-143: Ministerio de Educación y Salud (Edifício Gustavo Capanema) Lucio Costa, Affonso Eduardo Reidy, Carlos Leão, Jorge Moreira, Oscar Niemeyer, Ernani Vasconcellos, Roberto Burle Marx 1947

Page 144-147: Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho (Maracanã) Waldir Ramos, Raphael Galvão, Miguel Feldman, Oscar Valdetaro, Pedro Paulo B. Bastos, Orlando Azevedo, Antônio Dias Carneiro 1950

Page 154-155: Paróquia de São José Edgar de Oliveira da Fonseca 1961

Page 148-149: Hospital Federal da Lagoa Oscar Niemeyer 1958

Page 160-161: Sede da Petrobras Forte Gandolfi Arquitetos Associados 1968

Page 150-153: Monumento aos Mortos da Segunda Guerra Mundial Marcos Konder Netto, Hélio Ribas 1959

Page 156-159: Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro Affonso Eduardo Reidy 1967

Page 162-163: Catedral Metropolitana de São Sebastião Edgar de Oliveira da Fonseca 1979 Page 164-169: Sambódromo Oscar Niemeyer 1984


NITERÓI Page 174-177: Museu de Arte Contemporânea Oscar Niemeyer 1996 Page 178-179: Memorial Roberto Silveira Oscar Niemeyer 2003 Page 180-183: Teatro Popular de Niterói Oscar Niemeyer 2007 Page 184-187: Fundação Oscar Niemeyer Oscar Niemeyer 1988

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Brazilian modernism: Brasília, Rio de Janeiro and Niterói by Martijn Giebels  
Brazilian modernism: Brasília, Rio de Janeiro and Niterói by Martijn Giebels  

Brazil has a rich architectural tradition with great architects, boasting names such as Lúcio Costa, João Filgueiras Lima and of course Osca...

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