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XL Sustainable Community with 300 Dwellings in Vinex Area, Almere, Netherlands in 2030 Netherlands 35°15’ N 10°18’E Community Design for Future GFA 78 700 m 2

Design context: Limited Resources in 2030 Thinking of the power sources we have today and project the usage of them in 2030, we can expect the amount of fossil fuel to be very limited. Globle Temperture

Sea Level

Expected Average Life Number of Population span (NLD=82) Aged >65

Need for Renewable Energy

Fossil Fuel Storage

Heavy Industry in NLD Mixed Cultures/ Races in NLD

Climate Stabilities

Use of Biomass

Natural Resources

Under such circumstances, renewable energy like solar power, wind energy, neuclur energy, earth thermal energy, waves energy ...... to be widely use. However, renewable energy is not umlimited source of pwer supply of our daily life when we consider the materials we use to capture, maintain and transform various sources of energy. Like we need solar panel to get voltage from sunlight, windmill to capture wind power, while the material we need for manufactuing solar panels and windmills Number of Vegetarians are, in 2030, to be limited. Hence, the most energy effiecient way of living would be to obey the natural rules: work in the day and rest at night. In case of using generated energy art night, think of sharing them with more people and programs. And the power source should come from the renewable energy sources.

Wireless Network Integration to Daily Life

CO2 Emissions

Frequency of use of Public Transports

Technology Development

Heavy Industry

Use of Personal Rapid Transit Transport

Environmental Protection Awareness

Creative Industry in NLD

Need for Home Office & Flexible Buildlings

Green Tourism

Education Level in NLD

Use of Recycled Water, Residues & Materilas

Planning Concept: Save and Share Resource is King! The space for dwelling is also the space for working, a home office is in here. The space for dwelling is the space for planting, vegetations get nutritions from the grey water residences preduced. The space for circulation is the space for landscape, width enough for natural lighting and gathering!

source:, photo by Mario Lalich

source: designcities&d=2010-01-09&p=4651&e=101461&m=episode Domestic recycle tray in bedZED, London, UK

Diversity in Program: towards self-sufficient city!


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Color Legend Residential Commercial Cultural & Sports Civil Servics

NOTE: Thermal constant greenhouse Integrated Water treatment, wind energy, thermal control plant

Program diversities give energy synergy in different forms and use of the same space. Further studies have to be taken for a more realistic statistics.

By 2030, wireless networking should be accessible by everyone on earth. With better telecommunication facilities, we may reduce the amount of traffice compare to what we have in 2010. To reduce the demand on transportation, the community has to provide enough diversity in program. Like the Cube city suggested in KM3, this community should provide various types of dwellings, office space, cultural and sports facilities and also services area.

? ? ?

Almere Sunpath

? source: Manfred Hegge, Matthias Fuchs, Thomas Stark, Martin Zeumer, Energy Manual: Sustainable Architecture, Birkhauser, 2008 ISBN: 9783764388300

Organisation of the community:

-Megafloor framework -flexible arrangement on space -windpower and solar power integrations -water and food residue treatments

theme cities? dwelling





Formation of theme cities! What if one day we everyone in the Netherlands do not need to travel over 3km, or less than 30 mins on bike? Continucity provides oppertunities for theme city clusters as a prototype for low mobility development.

Continuious Complex: General Planning after vinex- Sustainable City 2030, Almere , 2010.06.11 MSC2






marn lee 4051475









10 mins 4 mins 5 mins

3.1 Cycling City Idea

4 mins

3 mins


5 mins

6 mins 5 mins 3 mins

3 mins

10 mins Color Legend Friends Connections Relative Connections Colleagues Connections Environment Protection Activeist

General Planning towards a Cycling City: -Cycling track accessible to all dwellings; -Also lift for bicycle -Provide fast track and slow track, speed control by materialisation and signs -Enough storage space for Each Zone -Provide technical support in the community scale, i.e. repaire facility, tutorial lessons, bike shop and research center



A Segment Unit from Coninucity



631m Rainwater

7.5m Freshwater/ Day


Remove solid waste, chemical waste and odour; store in water tower the greywater, area about 25 m2


2709m Freshwater IN

900 m2 Roof Area, 0.78m Annual Rainfall *90% efficiency (source: wikipedia) = 631 m3 Collected Rainwater per Year = 631 m3 Filtered rainwater per Year

2709/ 365= 7.5 m3 Average Fresh Water Storage per Day, Maximum Storage about 15 m3

water for drinking/ cooking/ preparing food/ personal hygiene for 150 ppl per Year= 3340 m3 (source: WiseWater ) - 631 m3 water from rain water = 2709 m3 per Year


In case not enought water, water landscape become a second source of water supply 3

3340m Greywater OUT

water for drinking/ cooking/ preparing food/ personal hygiene for 150 ppl per Year= 3340 m3 (source: WiseWater )


9.15m Greywater/ Day 3340/ 365= 9.15 m3 Average GreyWater Storage per Day, Maximum Storage about 20 m3,connect to pool



3.75m LGreywater/ Day m3

1369/ 365= 3.75 Average GreyWater Storage per Day

In case not enought water, water directly get from Greywater 1

1643m Greywater USE

water for laundry, cleaning and watering for 150 ppl = 1643 m3 (source: WiseWater )


328m Greywater OUT

water for community watering and cleaning = 3340 - 1643 m3


Filter 3


5.4m Greywater2/ Day 1971/ 365= 5.4 m3 Average GreyWater2 Storage per Day

1369m Greywater2 OUT 3.75m water/ Day


1971m Greywater USE


water for toilet flushing for 150 ppl = 1971 m3 per Year (source: WiseWater )

water for community watering and cleaning = 3.75 m3 per Day


1971m Blackwater OUT


blackwater output per Year

Methane Production


5.4m Blackwater/ Day To Aquifer

1971/ 365= 5.4 m3 Average Blackwater Treatment per Day in Regional water treatment plants, integreated with




5.4m Greywater3/ Day 5.4 + 369/ 365= 5.6 m3 Average GreyWater3 for community use per Day

From a case study in London, on a school roof top a 25 square meter PV panels estimated to generate about 2700 kWh a year, which is 9720000000 W per year. One Section of 54m long provides around maximum 900 meter square area for PV panels. Base on the case study info, and assuming there to be a 30% area for circulation and services, on 630 square meter of PV panels may generate some 68040 kWh per year. Wind Power per Windmill is about 7500 kWh per Year with the following info: Rotor Diameter: 3 metres Mean Wind Speed: 7 metres per second (close to amsterdam’s month average) Cut-in / Cut-out Speed: 2.5 / 20 metres per second Turbine Efficiency: 30 percent In a 54m section there are 5 windmills, so the total electricity is 37500 kWh per year. (Total PV & Wind power is 105540 kWh per year, or every person 703 kWh per year) Assuming a each person consume 2750 kWh per year, 150 people takes 412500 kWh per year. So the above installations can provide 25% of the annual electricity.

PV Panels Case Study Source: WindMill Power:

54m as module

For energy and water calculations, a segment og 54m of the community has been extracted. There are 150 people in a 54m dwelling zone, about 1 to eleventh of the whole community population.


rubbish collection from settlement/ amsterdam:

centralized recycle material classification, by proper tools:

clean material properties testing & approaching potential designer/ artist/ architect, or building material library like the one in Bangkok:

recycle material transporting to target designers:

design precess by designers/ NGO partners/ local residence:

public exhibition for potential buyer in online galleries or settlement exhibition space:

transportation to end consumer/ or become public artwork in the settlement/ museum, or become building materials like what 2012 Architects have done

8 + +

4 persons family house 72 120 8640 6 persons family house 96 80 7680 double studio for elderly 32 20 640 community IT room 16 10 160 Residential area community kitchen 16 20 320 Housing Type community toilet+ shower area(m2) 96 no. of units 10 area total(m2) 960 single/double studio 32 80 2560 community storage 96 10 960 4 persons family house 72 120 8640 6 persons family house 96 80 7680 double studio for elderly 32 Sub Total 20 640 21920 community IT room 16 10 160 community kitchen 16 20 320 Commercial area community toilet+ shower 96 10 960 Rentable Studio(L) 64 5 320 community storage 96 10 960 Rentable Studio(S) 32 320 Community Hotel 500 1 500 Restaurant 96 5 480 21920 Shops 64 Sub Total 10 640 Community Supermarket 500 1 500 Commercial area Urban Farming Office 200 1 200 Rentable Studio(L) 64 5 320 Cleaning Agency 96 3 288 Rentable Studio(S) 32 10 320 Market Space 800 1 800 Community Hotel 500 1 500 Restaurant 96 Sub Total 5 480 4048 Shops 64 10 640 Community Supermarket 500 1 500 Culture & Sports Urban Farming Office 200 1 200 Football Court 90*50m 4500 4500 RECYCLE Cleaning 96 3 288 SwimmingAgency pool 250 1 250 Market Space 800 1 800 Community Gym Room 200 200 Kindergarten 200 1 200 First Step for WASTE SEPERATION starts from household with 1) plastic 2)metal 4048 Primary School 800 Sub Total 1 800 3)paper 4)food residue 5) glass 6)battery and 7)general waste. Then they can Secondary School 400 1 400 send to&this tower which would be collected by staff from Culture Sports Church 150 recycle1industry. 150 Football Court 90*50m 4500 1 4500 Community Library 200 200 Swimming pool 250appliances, 1 cloths, furni250 Community Hall 1000 1000 For items which can be reused directly like old electric Community Gym Room 200 1 200 ture, and so on, residence can store them in the community storage space menKindergarten 200 Sub Total 1 200 7700 sioned above. Primary School 800 1 800 Secondary School 400 1 400 Service area Church 1 a new industry 150 Government Office 400 400 Case study from Brasil shows that recycled materials150 can become Community 200 1 200 Fire Station Library 64 3 192 and to do a good waste seperation is a key start. Most of time in 122010 we throw Community Hall 1000 1000 Police Station 64 128 away something becoz we do not have proper space150 to store them Clinic 2 and there’s no 300 Total 7700 BicycleofParking 0.5 Sub 1000 500 specific person in charge this issue in particular. With proper separtion of those Car Parking 1200industry. In 1 Europe, we 1200 waste we can do a better job in supporting the recycle see Service area small scale designer Government brand already put recycled materials into their bags design or Office 400 Sub Total 1 400 2720 artwork design. And in the community planning, studio64space or workshop space Fire Station 3 192 Police Station 64 2 128 for those designers are already taken into considerations. Clinic 150 2 300 Bicycle Parking 0.5 1000 500 Greenhouse area Car 1200 Sub Total 1 1200 50%Parking of the Resi+Commercial 25968

PUBLIC TOILET AND SHOWER ROOM Sub Total 2720 Circulation area 30% of the Settlement Due to a combination of office, restaurant, cultural and sports facilities. Public10600 toilets and shower facilities have to be provided. These activities also take place in ppl this service tower. Area Total 72956 Greenhouse area 50% of the Resi+Commercial

end of lifespan, become new wasted materials

Sub Total

UrbanSERVICE Infrastructure E&M Circulation area 30% the Settlement WindofPower Plant The tower also provide an E&M space on each Mega Floor. Regional Waste Water Treatment Plant PV power plant Area Total

25968 10600 3000 4000 ppl 3000 72956




Planning Phase 1: Solid Core and Space Frame Truss Required

Planning Phase 2: Infill of program, zoning floor to floor height required (In zones where more office are needed, the layour can be very different. General rule: use the top of mega floor as circulation.)

Planning Phase 2: Thermal Protection, Building Services & Landscape estimations (make sure the building for specific program meets the regulations, exit distance)

future.1 future.2

Case 1: Continue to add substructures on the main body and achieve a huge building mass. Function as extreme dense machine but in return reduce green and public space.

Case 2: Whole building move to another site due to extreme climate or the steel structure rising up to avoid flooding.



1. Foundations and the Cores (Cores work in pair, braced by steel members)

4. Hanging Prefabricated Floor Slab onto ste frames for circulations.

2. Insert basic steel memeber into the cores. Reference project like the MAS in Antwerpen, structural consultant abt.

5. Integration of the Living Cores with freshw greywater and electricity supply.

3. After completion of the Direct Truss ( Steel Truss attached to Cores), Secondary Truss can be installed to borm a space truss as previously planned.

6. Install facade, partitions and thermal insul tions as planned. Structural frames required thermal insulations to prevent over expand o over contract.

7. Integration of different energy systems an testing. Add vegetations and test water flow.





nd .

Contincity Basic Module Planning

after vinex- Sustainable City 2030, Almere , 2010.06.11 MSC2

marn lee 4051475

Basic Module from lift core to lift Core is 54m. With in this segment, areas for residential dwelling and storage, commercial, cultural and sports faclities, civic services, bicycle storage and mechanical services are provided.

wide passage fot circulation and exercise

Cycling Track for continuious mobility

Ground Floor internal void

View from internal courtyard




Section6 Section5 54m

Section4 Section3 Section2 Section1













Plan R/F

Plan 9/F (Mega)

Plan 7/F

Plan 8/F (Mega)

Plan 6/F

Plan 5/F (Mega)

Plan 3/F

Plan 4/F

Plan 2 /F (Mega)

Plan 1/F

N Plan G/F



30m2 Studio

Interior Concept: -General idea: movable partitions for zoning -internal balcony for planting -foldable furniture -easy to change configuration for interior -trible glazing facade -connect to district heating




150m2 Family House




art depository/ L Rotterdam Art Depository Netherlands 35°15’ N 10°18’E Architectural Design GFA 16 400 m 2

[Left] Exterior View of the Depository [Top/ Right] Internal Public Space

Gallery Interior View

Workshop Interior View

Art Storage Interior View

Marn Lee Architecture Portfolio -2  

Architectural Projects, from Delft University of Technology Post-graduate Degree