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EU Youth Awareness magazine

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GLOBAL DAYS II GROUP 9 FSADFS

Global Days II at Niels Brock

2011

Niels Brock and their hard-working students attend a 3 days project about EU and the relationship with Asia and South America. During the Global Days II the students for Niels Brock’s International Department have been in mixed groups, and have been working under heavy time pressure with people they aren't familiar with. This is the outcome of our efforts and cooperation.


Chief Editor Marko Miljkovic Journalist Kasper Abildgaard Andreas Rusnes Michala Lange China experts Munin Boontos Reinhard Line Yun Hao Larsen

South America/Brazil expert Amanda Middelboe Sahar Hussain EU expert Marius Morthorst

Technical supporter Marius Morthorst

Proofreader: Marko Miljikovic Kasper Abildgaard Munin Boontos Rienhard

Did you  hear  about  the  EU? We   live   in   a   tiny   country   -­   a   member   of   the   EU   -­   that   accounts   for   only   13   out   of   736   seats   in   the   European   Parliament.   The   EU   provides   approximately   70%   of   the   legislation   in   Denmark.   In   other   words   we   are   completely   assigned   to   the   will   of   EU.   Regardless,   it  seems  that  no   one   really  gives   a  damn! Hundreds  of  thousands  of  square  meters  in   Brussels,  Luxembourg,  Strasbourg,  and  other   metropolises  all  over  Europe  are  dedicated  to   EU  purposes.  From  an  outside  perspective,  you   might  think  that  all  of  these  ofDices,  buildings,   and  institutes  are  occupied  by  hasty  men  and   women  formally  dressed  rushing  from  one   meeting  to  another,  Dilling  out  countless   formulas  and  participating  in  the  making  of  new   bills  that  doesn’t  really  make  any  actual   difference  in  our  society  and  moreover  our   personal,  everyday  life.  

A Europe  that  doesn’t  care  about  the  EU At   least   that’s   how   many   Danes,   especially   the   young   ones,   seem   to   think   of   it.   At   the   latest   election   for   the   European   Parliament   in   June   2009   only   59.5%   of   the   entitled   Danish   voters   chose   to   make   use   of   their   voting   rights.   In   comparison   86.5%   voted   back   in   2007,   when   the   election   for   the   national   parliament,   the   Danish   “Folketinget”   was   ongoing.   And   even   though   the   Danish   turnout   for   the   EU   Parliament   election   seems   small   it   was   actually   the  fourth  highest   in   the  EU,   only   surpassed  by   Belgium   (where   participation   is   mandatory),  

Malta, and   Italy.   And   as   if   that   wasn’t   enough,   the   EU  average  in   June  2009,   was  no   more  than   43%   which   is   the   lowest   in   the   history   of   the   union. When   considering   these   numbers   we   get   the   picture   of   a   hollow   political   union   that   has   no   connection  to   the  real  world.  But  thinking  of  the   EU   like   that   is   a   dangerous   path   to   follow.   For   the   EU   is   about   more   than  bureaucracy,   tariffs,   and   lobbyism.   No   matter   if   you   are   a   pro   or   a   con,   you   have   to   be   aware   of  the  vast  inDluence   the   EU   has   on   Europe,   our   own   country,   and   even  the  rest  of  the  world.  

One man’s  obligation,  another  man’s  dream “But   why   is  it   so   important  that  we  care  at   all?”   some  might  ask.  In  principle  we  don’t  need  more   than  a  few,   devoted  people  to   Dill  out  the  seats  in   the  various  institutions  under  the  EU.   But   that  is   not  the  way  it  really  works.   The  truth   is:   we  are   spoiled   -­‐   we   live   in   a   country,   where   we   have   democratic   rights   to   the   fullest   extent.   But   we   are   so   used   to   these   rights   that   we   often   take   them  for  granted.  As   the  gap  to   “the  old  days”   -­‐   back   before   the   early   industrialization   -­‐   becomes   larger,   we  see   this   tendency   more  and   more  in  the  younger  generations.   We   must  not  forget  that  this  very  privilege   is  the   cause  thousands  of  people  all  over  the  world  put   their  lives   at  stake  for,   as   recently   and  currently   seen  in  Egypt,  Libya,  the  Ivory  Coast,  etc.  


But this  problem  is  not   only  a   matter  of  making   use   of   our   democratic   rights.   If   we   -­‐   the   young   people,   the   future  of  Denmark   and  Europe   -­‐   do   not   have   at   least   a   basic   understanding   of   and   insight   in   the   political   institutions   that   are   responsible  for   the  majority   of  the  structure  that   our   society   is   build   around,   we   are   deDinitely   getting  sidetracked.   If  we   don’t   even  know  who   makes   the   laws   we   live   by,   then   where   is   our   future   heading?   And   in   that   case   what   is   the   future  for  the  EU  and  Europe? What’s  next? Ever   since   the   establishment   of   the   European   Coal   and   Steel   Community,   the   EU   has   grown   much  larger  and  covers  far  more   areas.  For  half   a   century  it  has  been  the  glue  that  held  the   war-­‐ ruptured   European  countries   together  and  now   EU  is  the  tool  that   allows  for  Europe  to  compare   itself   to   other   superpowers   such   as   China,   the   USA,   Brazil,  etc   -­‐   and   in  that  way  have  a  voice  in   global  forums.  We  need  to   be  aware  of  the  power   that   EU   possesses,   but   not   only   to   understand   our  place  and   image   in   the  world,  also   to  remain   critical.   Should  there  be  an   edge  to  expansion  of   the  European  collaboration?   Obviously,   this   is   a   matter   of   point   of   view.   Should   the   EU   continue   in   the   same   direction   slowly   moving   towards   being   one   united   federation   like   the   USA?   Or   should   we   draw   a   line,   here   and   now,   to   keep   our   national   identities   separate?   Ignorance   makes   it   impossible   for   us   to   answer   these   questions   to   the  fullest.  Certainly   the  delegated  EU  politicians   all   have   opinions   about   this;   about   what   is   the   right   and   wrong   direction.   But   when   it   comes   down  to  it,   the  politicians  are  only  representing   us   -­‐   and   if   we   are   unable   to   make   rational   decisions,  then  how  are   the  politicians  supposed   to  represent  us?   Ultimately,   it   is  not   for   the  politicians   to   decide   what  the  right  thing  to  do   is.  It   is   for  the  people   to   decide.   At   least,   that   is   the   essence   of   democracy.

The European Parlament

Are we  going  to  look  like  The   United  States  of  America? ”A  lot  of  people  give  Americans  a  bum  rap  for   being  stupid,  and  knowing  nothing  about  the   world,  but  the  reality  couldn’t  be  further  from  the   truth.” This  is  a  quotation  taken  out  of  a  rapport  on  CNN   and  leads  to  an  interview  on  the  streets  of   America.     Basically,  what  the  interviews  shows  is  that   Americans  knows  nothing  about  the  rest  of  the   world  and  how  they  are  related  to  it. Is  the  situation  the  same  in  Europe?  Do  we  put   an  effort  in  a  personal  engagement  in  Diguring   out,  how  we  are  related  to  the  world  outside   Europe? EU  is  a  worldwide  interactive  organization,  when   it  comes  to  trade,  law,  and  solving  issues.  If  we   don’t  know  enough  about  the  infrastructure  and   inDluential  actions  that  takes  place  in  the   headquarters  of  EU,  we  will  have  a  hard  time   understanding  the  development  of  our  modern   society.   We  need  to  be  a  part  of  the  modern  society!  


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In 1500 Portuguese Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil and the Europeans colonized the country. The Portuguese king D. Joao came to Brazil in 1880, which led to ending the slavery in 1888. In the very beginning of the 19 century the rich Brazilian students went to Europe to study, they learned about liberty and equality which led to women being entitled to vote in 1933. Clearly Europe has had an impact on the brazilian history and also the country today. On May 1 2011 the first female president of Brazil came to power and some of her head goals is to defend the environment, secure health and improve poverty for the nation, which indeed are related some of what EU stands for.

2007 In Lisbon the 4th July 2007 at the first EU-Brazil Summit the European Commission proposed to launch a Strategic Partnership with Brazil. The most important topics of the new partnership include climate change, sustainable energy, Latin America’s stability and wealth, and the fight against poverty. This new relationship places Brazil, the Mercosur area and South America high on the EU’s political plan. Skyline of Brazil - A symbol of the growth and and development Brazil has experienced over the past.


In a Communication adopted the 27th May the Commission highlighted Brazils increasing role on the international stage, its regional power and the strong two-sided ties the country has with Europe. They also proposed a number of initiatives to strengthen the relations between both sides in the context of a Strategic Partnership. The Communication identifies a wide field of sectors and activities in which the EU has a main interest in strengthening cooperation and developing a deeper dialogue with Brazil. It also stresses how important better dialogue could be to support the finale of an EU-Mercosur Association Agreement. Environment Brazil is the second largest producer of the bio fuel ethanol producing 16 billion litres yearly extracted from sugar cane after the US. Brazil now claims that it has further ability for ethanol production to export to the EU markets. In Europe environmental groups and politicians want evidence of Brazil is developing the energy crops sustainably, concerned about the effects on the Amazon. Brazil has in the last few days, in order to convince the Europeans of its dedication to support sustainable production of sugar cane, announced many initiatives. And on the 17th July the minister of farming said that the federal government within a year, would release a plan to show the areas to plant sugar cane in Brazil. The documentation will guarantee that the ethanol and biodiesel sectors, according to international law go along with the environmental and social criteria, making the exports of green fuels easier for Brazil. Europe is a key export market for Brazilian ethanol companies. Therefore, in order to convince Europe, the Brazilian president Luiz Ignacio Lula da Silva tried earlier in July 2007 to influence an EU-sponsored international conference in Business that sugar cane crops are located far from the Amazon and doesn’t damage the food production. Trade Accounting for 22,5% of its total trade in 2009, EU is Brazil’s biggest trading partner. Brazil is the only biggest exporter of farming products to the EU, accounting for 12,4% of the EU’s total imports in 2009, and is therefore ranked as the EU’s 10th trading partner. The EU is Brazil’s biggest foreign investor in lots of sectors in the economy, and in goods the EU runs a general trade with Brazil of over € 4,1 billion.

Trade in goods 2009 The EU exported goods to Brazil for € 21,6 billion, and imported goods from Brazil for €25,7 billion. The main EU imports from Brazil are primary particular farming products. But it hasn’t been completely since manufactured product like machinery and transports equipment represent just about on third of Brazil’s exports to the EU. Brazil’s main import form the EU is manufactured products such as chemicals. Trade in commercial services 2009 The EU exported services to Brazil for € 8,8 billion, and imported services form Brazil for € 6,3 billion. Foreign direct investment 2009 The EU investment flows to Brazil for € 6,9 billion, and the Brazil investment flows to EU for € 2,8 billion. The EU invested stocks in Brazil for € 112,5 billion, and Brazil’s invested stocks in the EU for € 42,1 billion.


What do you think about Europe and what it stands for? - I think it is a very powerful continent that is caring for the environment and works hard for improving it. For Brazil Europe is like a role model we look up to. What are the Brazilians ambitions for Brazil to become? - We would like for Brazil to be recognized in the world. For many years we have been seen as a third world country but now we are developing fast and would like to show the world so we could get another reputation and role. We would like to get a good relationship with the world. We also think it is possible for us to become on of the world's leading countries and that is definitely what we are aiming at. How come Brazil was one of the least affected countries during the recession? - In many years Brazil have had a very bad economy; we have gone through a lot of rough times and situations with our economy. We have learned from our mistakes so know we know how to handle our economy and we have developed a strong system, so now when the recession have hit the world Brazil have not really gone down with it the same way as various other countries in the world. What does Brazilians think about the environment? - Today it has become trendy to care about the environment and everybody talks about how the products they sell are green and that they do no harm to the environment.

Brazilians want to be green but as many other things in Brazil it is not really happening and no one really goes out of their way to care about the environment. Do you hear a lot about Europe in today’s news? - No, some years ago the news was always telling about Europe but now there are more focus on China and how we only sell raw materials but no produced goods. Of course Libya and the problems in Africa. Are young Brazilians engaged in what goes around the world and within the country? - Of course some young people are but the majority are not. To be honest the young Brazilians are not really engaged in what is happening in the world not even in their own country. It is a shame because we really do have a lot to give and a bright future as a country.


Focus on  China China  has  since  1978  opened  their   economy,  and  gradually  developed   economic  free  zones;  in  which   good  condi?ons  for  foreign  direct   investment  and  limited  tax  were   provided.  And  as  everyone  may   know,  they  offer  cheap  labor  and   have  by  now  achieved  the  posi?on   of  the  second  largest  economy  in   the  world.

Why is  there  a  difference? Although  the  EU  has  gradually  become   the  single  biggest  market  for  China  and   China  the  single  biggest  market  for  the   EU;  the  high  demands  on  Chinese   products  have  caused  a  lot  of  damage   for  the  European  industries  -­‐  because   they  can’t  compete  with  the  cheap   labor  China  have  been  offering.   China  also  makes  use  of  methods  such  as  devaluaAng  their  currency  to  have  the  upper-­‐hand  in  exports,  which   make  Chinese  products  naturally  inexpensive,  and  that  contributes  to  the  stableness  of  this  large  scale  trade   between  the  EU  and  China.  Even  though  this  seems  like  a  beneficial  agreement  for  both  parAes,  European   companies  have  yet  to  find  a  way  to  trade  and  invest  further  in  China.   And  there’s  not  only  a  difference  between  the  methods  used  in  the  market,  there  are  also  cultural  differences   such  as:  the  EU’s  ambiAon  to  promote  human  rights  on  a  global  scale  and  to  build  up  an  idenAty  on  the   internaAonal  scene  –  and  this  is  less  successful  in  China.  And  even  though  the  EU  seeks  to  make  it  a  condiAon  for   cooperaAon,  the  Chinese  government  has  shown  a  lack  of  interest  in  the  maGer;  even  though  they  violate  human   rights  such  as  torture,  death  penalty,  freedom  of  speech,  etc.

How to  tackle  this  big  economy  in  the  future? “The  EU  sees  China  as  a  world  economic  power,  but  not  an  equal;  its  trade  policy  towards  China  has  become  more   protec;onists;  it  emphasizes  Western  values   and  a   value-­‐based  diplomacy;   wants  a  military   balance  in  the  region;   interferes   in   internal   Chinese   affairs   and   wants   China   to   assume   interna;onal   responsibili;es   beyond   its   capabili;es. However,  prac;cal  coopera;on   could  improve   the  rela;onship  by  using  Europe’s   exper;se  in  financial  services   to   introduce   compe;;on   to   China  and  push  for  market  reform.  Europe’s   cuIng  edge   technology  could  help   China   develop  its   energy  sector,  and   could  contribute  to  improving  environmental  protec;on   in   China,  develops   contacts   between  SMEs  and  increase  coopera;on  in  the  transport  sector.” -­‐

Said the  President  of  the  China  InsAtute  of  InternaAonal  Studies,  Qu  Xing.

And we  agree  with  Mr.  Qu  Xing’s  statement  and  view  on  this  subject,  but  we  are  also  aware  that  China  won’t   bend  over  in  the  beliefs  on  how  to  run  a  government  and  their  country.  


Letters from the readers Dear sirs Is it okay that young people don’t know anything or have any knowledge about the EU? A lot of young people these days have not had the opportunity to learn about the EU; which give them the impression that the schools aren't able to provide knowledge about the EU. I know the message behind this magazine is to give young people more knowledge about the EU. But do you really think that it makes any difference? Do you think that young people will buy a magazine to read about the EU? Even though a lot of young people are aware that they don't know much about the EU, they don’t make the initiative to learn about the EU themselves; They don’t surf online or read the newspapers. So the question is, whose fault is it for the lack of knowledge regarding the EU? Yours sincerely, Sebastian.

Dear Sebastian. We recognize your interest for young people, and your concern about their lack of knowledge about the EU. We think that you're absolutely

right about the schools, but also that the young people don't do anything to satisfy their crave to learn more either. If they really want to learn about the EU, they would probably already have put in the effort to study about the EU. But we also mean that our generation have become lazier, and they have become dependant on other people to teach them. Our first step is this magazine; but we have already made some plans about launching a website, which will be another interesting and fun way to attract those who'd rather search online. We also have plans for visiting schools and hold lectures about the EU about what they do and what it stands for. We believe that is is necessary for everybody to be familiar with the EU, so their own opinion can be created and heard, and so they can help make a difference in this world . We appreciate your letter, and would to thank you very much for sharing your thoughts. Yours sincerely, ETU

EU Soduko

Vestibulum ante: How to make a Belgian waffle in five easy steps 1. Put all the dry ingredients (floury Frenchmen, sugary Dutchmen and Luxembourgian baking powder) into one bowl of democracy. 2. Put all the wet ingredients (German eggs (÷the twisted ideology shells,) Dane milk, and oily Italian) into a second democracy bowl and beat, mix, shake, stir until the eggs and milk become one. 3. Pour the mix you've just made into the bowl with dry stuff and mix again, until there are no lumps left. 4. Now put half cup of batter you made in the Berlaymont waffle iron. It would be a good idea to have the waffle iron hot and ready if you’re really hungry. Or you can wait for it to warm up since the batter can rest for a while anyways and even tastes better if it does (little secrets). 5. There is no step five in this waffle recipe. You are done! Simple, quick and totalitarity free waffle recipe!

ETU  

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