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Bunny, Bob.

Peter, ,


It is worthy of the original Wailers thai they are three in number. Three. The perfect number, it is called, because it expresses simultaneously and infinilively Beginning; Middle, and End. Man is threefold, possessing Mind, Body, and Soul; Id, Ego, and Superego. jJpon the Earth, there is Water, Air, and Fire; Animal. Vegetable, and Mineral; Liquid , ;Soltd; am$^-{$a''s. "fctvA ~in '.the hcav-. ens...Jupiter. ' Neptune, and Pluto; three Fates, three Furies, three Graces, three Harp-. ies, and three Myrnphs; the Muses were threelimes-three in number; ami the Mysterious Three, who sat upon three thrones in Asgard: Ha r( High), Japhenar (Equally High), and Thridi (Third). The Three Wise Men; Shadrach, Meshach. and Abedncgo; Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. There's the Past, and ihe Present, anrf the „..";, Future. _

\ ¥ %

And Bunny, Peter, and Bob.

in 196-1, Bob Marley, Peter Macintosh, and Neville ."Bunny" Livingstone recorded their first single together, along with Junior Braithe-. wane and Beverly Kelso, a"nd"some other tickle youth' and girl." it was called "Simmer Down." and it went straight to the top of the : ' local charts and stayed there for seven weeks. "I was about seventeen at the time," Bunny recalls. "You get swellheaded at first, you know, and then you get used to it. And-when you go back to work. We put out a whole heap of records. We had hits regularly, constantly." Bunny had known Peter and Bob from childhood, and they began playing, music together from about 1963, but the story of the Wailers began much, much earlier, according to Bunny. "From Jah create man. 'Bout *<!cm times, it start...." • .



HOW DO YOU KNOW? Because I was from that I-ra...from that time. I know because I'm supposed to know. YOU RKMEMBF.K? I know. . .. .;;iX2:'. ... WHO WERE YOU? j *• I was what i am. »w IN DO YOU BE L I E V K REINCARNATION? ^ Ves... I know there is such a thing. THEN YOU BELIEVE IN DEATH? I see people dying. I see people die every day. I see dead people every day. Unconscious people are dead. The walking dead. "FOR 4TS THE AGE OF AQUARIUS! CAN T .* VOU SEE IT'S DAWN f .N G „ P A W NJNG?"f'Reincarnated Souls") • : DO YOU BELIEVE^lN ASTROLOGY? .1 don't too penetrate astrology. Fire, water, air, and Earth - that is natural; that isn't JUM written down. That is there. But all those other "signs" and tilings, those-are things that people made up. Things that people presume right, and think, right, but they keep telling you they aren'taore if they're right, and if you accept it. there you aren't sure'either, so...




r •


WELL, WHAT ABOUT THE BIBLE? The Bible is there* for you to judge it for yourself. The7 Bible is in you. Every thing is in

you. .What ^rou.see and don't accept in the Bible is nor in you. And,because it is not in • you, you reject it.


WOULD YOU CALL YOURSELF A RELIGIOUS MAN? 1 don't know the meaning of "religion." ALL RIGHT. DO YOUBELIEVE IN You .see. "belief, is a terrible word.. When you believe something, it can be true or it can be false. That is belief. But when you know something, it's knowledge. The wisdom of a thing, being wise to it I -,thar is more-impor-. t tant tome than .'believing. You can believe in a lot of things that,really aren't true. But when you know that is reality. "BUT AS THE WISE MAN SEES HK KNOWS, HK KJVOWS..,"("The • , Oppressed Song") . b *


". ' I


1974: The Waiters fcaye achieved international recognition"7"' arid acclaim. Reggae music, largely due 'to jimmy di'ff. Toots and the May t aIs, and the Wailers, has reached the threshold of world-wide Acceptance .--.. not:just as this month's cult-fad : music-to-be-hip-to, . ; but as a significant"^majoirrtijend in popular 1 hriisic, possibly .tj^ftabst. significant- to emerge in the final quarter of the 20th Century. Century:" .' ' ; . " " ' T ">. . ' • - - • : - - ; - ; : • - . • • > ' - • " - 'M* > • • : • . • . . . . ^.• . .


. J


canwhile, (the ."Wallers, joined- .by • t^^Baroet1, .brtd^?^J-TSi^;:;¥<&^ ter, then Tyrone Downie and Al Anderson, release "Natty Dreid" (This, is the,one that will do it for America, we thought...) Only — where's Peter? What happened to BurJny? Bunny doesn't- want to tour? Peter doesn't want to tpur? Splits and rumours of splits. , • '£R; '.NEVER KNEW THAT- THE TIME WOULD COME WHEN KV'kKY MAN HAS TO Flf fD WHERE HE DOES FROM. "("Fig*. C ME Tn

Not a split


WHAT IS IT THAT H PPENED? WHAT REl LLY HAPPENED AT CAUSED THE 4i SPUT? "Kings happen. You knoiv? Is like .... it jus' happen dat way ueh,. And I donft really sec it as a "split." Although.we are not working together physically, we arc

; everyone. So-1:• ,fpass •it .on. -

- .. - .' * +* - r **— • -

tkm is awrioui thing. Africa ABOUT in e-^n V^K a state than! GOVERNMENT? THEN AROSE ; m^ right now. Going I was"taught, by- the teachLVON, THE to Africa now is not like -er in fheT&chpp), that thejjOYCLAIMING "7 HAT 1J S §qpog to Africa, as. Africa erhment is the people, That's . YOU AND I.... jhoold^ the dream^what they said. s I couldn't, say AND FKQ\t WAT BA.V otherwise. ^ ON THERE IS TROUBLE . «ate. Anyone going to Africa now, when you- check them PHILOSOPHY? IN THK WORLD."fVfonaout, B going to Africa, with giVfeon - Armageddon.") : That's a big- word. I don't YOU SKKM TO SEE THK the said Western concepts, too interferes in 'ihtK5e!thirigs* CAUSK OF -TOIS IMPEND- the said Western teachings ;-V What .1 1esr^,vi^s^ose:^ ING APOCALYPSE AS — they don't know any other; My chief joyrfe tcrfarni, any> BEING A CONCF4H OF thing. And Africa u trying to hijw. "1 Idv&'to" farni: The^ • • * . * get rid of the whole Weuern 'pnly way to preserve material . DUALITY... The concept of Two, yes. way ol life and get to the energy <is to xuhivate and WHAT AMUT THE original Africa — modern- : plain. : yn, but Afrkt. African YOU FARM? _ , CONCEPT OF THE ind roots, that's what they're. I do. I plant. And DIVINE TRINTTYMlffi sttqggUng for. So unless you iTnt intending to go into- it in *. , ^-* *j r T OF THREE? part of that struggle, it a .bigger way. now. .1 see, The;Three, yes; the Three t suit either you or that,, really, as my true love.; would bring it to One. The 'Africa- for you to go. ;Fm Other' than singing, because Third would bring ii to-One. snuggling for the root of I'll sing all the time... But it's been running as Africa right here. I'm Afrir WERE YOU RAISED AS Two. Because people don't can. and anything I do is A CHRISTIAN? recognize the Third part of African. By nationality, I'm You mean, like, if I was a themselves, which is the true a famikan; but by root, churchgoer? Yes, like every part - the part that solves whkh is the most important other youth. (LAUGHS) the problem. - the part that thing because every fig has to Haffe go church every Sun*.>=~i*

day, man! Dem used to send f -. »" me go all kinda church •M as Tcord in! to the area wheh \^f^ • ' " ' • ' • -you .live in, and the commu* nrty, .and the people who your parents "may know at » working together spiritually, gives- it ustice. find hi» fig tree). I'm Afri- the time. ..for, is just so dis we'rei all sending the^f message THK-INFINITE? can. And if Tin to find my ting go, you know, Dem jus' of Rastafart. So, we are fig tree I'll have to find it in go anywhere: Sunday church Yeah... t lie Unspoiled. lognther. still; we're always DO YOU THINK IT'S Africa. The East Indian or Saturday church, or dis tpgeiher, in that sense. Bui THK K N D OF THK fink h» — he's in India. church or dat church! You evert man has a testimony, WORLD? . The Qunaman finds his — move 'round dis area, an! cver|y man has his own mesJFhe world is w,hat has he's in China. The whiteman you go 'round with dat persage, There's so much inside been built ontop of thev in Europe! The West, .here, son. and. . ; You jus' go one that has to be brought Karth. The Earth can't end. \ belongs to the Arner- Indians. church where you see .Mon out, or else it can hurt. Ideas IS J A M A I C A A go: Y o u n a h a r g u e . WELL, THE END OF become stagnant, ideas that MAN'S CREATION, DREAMLAND? (LAUGHS) All Seventh Day, could have been good. THEN?. " . . . Yes, .it is. The land is very, and Methodist, anoV Church Things - weren't ... floating very beautiful.... Man's creation? Man 0 God....! cnomgh. It's as if some parts destroys. Man|s only creation BUT THE ARAWAKS WHAT PART OF THK "wenf sinking there, because ARE ALL DEAD. WHEN CITY DID YOU GROW UP is destruction. He creates of the system, because you destruction. , . EVERYONE HAS FOUND IN? can'; put out mbre^than a WHY HIS FIG TREE. JAMAICA All 'bout! I grow all bout i certain amount of albums Because of the Twp. That WILL BE AN EMPTY inna de city! My parents just per year, and so... It just same Two. Thinking of himLAND. THE ARAWAKS moved a lot. you know, just hap]>rned. It wasn't planned. self, arid thinking of the oth: ; ARE ALL DEAD* moved - all like dem never but it worked-out that it was er as someone" else, and not It would seem that way, know wha dem a move for, all for the good, because all himself... \ clem: jus? move. So I move. t h a . m a t e r i a l is being "SEVEN YEARS OF FAMWHAT DO YOU THINK ' I remember happy times, INE FOR SEVEN YEAKS exposed - Bob has his WILL RI-^LLY HAPPEN? even if it's just to play OF PLENTY IS LtHE album, Peter has his alburn. The peojale who fight marble ancl dem ting deh. TWO GRAINS OF I haw my album. against each other will kill Fly kite. Play football. WHEAT FOR ONE BALE Released locally, last off each other! and leave the ' BATTERING DOWN O' BARLEY... "("Rasta moiiitn, and soon to be SKNTENCE FIGHTING land. The people who don't Man") ' . • • • AGAINST CONVICTION, released in England and the fight, live. Regardless of WE'VE llOOKED AT THE IN A FAMILY OF TEN, U.S. by Island what' happens, there's always DREAMS. WHAT ABOUT AND RAISED IN THE Rccbrcis.-'BLACKHEART someone left to continue; TOE VISIONS? WHAT DO GHETTO HUSTLING AS MAN" is Bunny Waller's first Noah was left, I see the YOU ENVISION H A P THE ONLY EDUCATION solo album and very much Armageddon as an. individPENING NEXT. WHAT IS 1 K N O W . " ("Fighting his own. Upon deep, serious ual redemption, where every Against Conviction") THE CLOSEST VISION? musk with a joyously rhythman hais to-judge himself.* '.Although some- of the lyr- The. closest visio~rf is farnv .* "• mic and melodic sophis. • • - ' • « . •'• • -ics of "Fighting Against Coninc. Famine is corning ug. His Princess speaks tication. Bunny lays his mesdirectly autoFor over ten years now, . llleri war. Sickrjess. Death. viction" are* ndt . ^^ . * ,. sage* (there are ten of them biographical (Bunny had- a "And then, survival. Bunny has been married to on cne album) with a'"graceIT SOUNDS LIKE THE, comfortable, middle- class. Jean Watt, a woman with ful, gentle kind of power. FOUR HORSEMEN upbringing, actually, and th*e the face of a child, and the •The innate goodness of the benefit of what is commonly AT CAYMANAS PARK. glow . of eternal innocence man comes, through, in every -' THK "APOCALYPSE called"a good education"), in and youth. She is dressed in song, and an undying love 1967, Bunny spent over, aHANDICAP'CUF! resplendent green and. black for Creation, . Visions", of -It*s coming up. It's coming year in prison on ,a ganja printed cotton: an African doom, . dreams of glory, right up* I see it before it charge. He has not forgotten Princess. She leans over to knowledge of mankind, and starts happening, so I feel it the experience, "although he you, stretching across.Bunny. the heed to pass it on; makbefore it starts. jokes about it. When 1. asked 'Tor ten yean," the says, ing Bunny Wailers -BLAGKr DO YOU COPE him how he'd endured it, he looking into your eyes with HKART MAN1' the extrasuddenjy turned into some childlike wonder. "Ten ordinary album that it is. 1 Lf u g . . •/•• (LAUGHI NG) character but of tjie Old "AND HE SAID: KNOCK yean." she aayr again, now r .pen,; no tnus laugh? West, putting on "a heavy AND IT SHALL BE looking into Bunny's eyes, ; Must laugh. Tjhe suffering ••! American- Cowboy twang. OPENED. SEKK. AND YK "and I have never wanted SHALL FIND see- around -me now . - it's 'Thad no choice but to just • •* •* i < THAT WISDOM IS unnecessary; It's because of adjust mahself like Ah Bunny grins. "She is. my FOUND IN THE SIM •the -blind' leading the .blind. say. to live in every situation evidence..." " ."'-•".! 1 PLEST.OF PLACES, IN The 'blind leading children, an hope to come out alah-ve '•THERE:S A LAND 11 THE MCK OF TIME...; * to wfeere they khownot. And Ah prayed to come ouralahTHAT I HAVE HEA&D i T. • * • .* ; . ' •' (Bla.;Jchcan Man") ABOUT SQ FAR ACROSSr that's j unnecessary, because ive, an' Ah'm Ah TOK SKAf • " '•-" there-'* • are people who are •gjves thayenks... jus'. for bein! •>/ - • „* * * DO YOU,SEE LIFE AS A TO HAVE YOU ON $^Y seeing;. : But, they are not SIMPLE PROCESS?' OR A JDR KA tiLAND .WOD£'O ? those' itahp are; leading. Remembering Biiriny COMPLICATED ONE? It's BE LIKE HEAVEN TQ =• becomes- serious again: complicated! to some people. ME.... "("Dreamland*^ , * ' DO YOU SEE YOURSELF "It was something in my It | all right, it has been WHY DO YOU REFER AS "A PROPHET? A MUSIlife that I feel had to be complicated to me. But. I there", because it was there. TO AFRICA IS A CIAN? OR A TEACHER? stan cope with it now as just So 1 just "lived it out, and v I'm a". student. A student finding yourself in a situation, DREAMLAND? of learning. .Music,: -is my, it as I •learned as much from * whene you just have to adjust Well,, n is, really, a worK^my pffofessjbnr T get could. And I learned a lot of : i and live with it, more than... dream-land, becauae all we my Jbread through -ttAt. But MmgS'in prisan. * saw how it standing, in, f.ront of a truck; can do tf dream about such tm appointed to C|Q son?el really went --.instead of just An^d what- i' say, I have to • Und, right now. So it thing ^thatjs why ^ay'I'm hearing about it. .and having say:; rni not saymg anything bccuno the dream-ljirid; we a; student: 1 learn. And what ideas about it and the' •• suffer•j •subversive; fin not telling vcmanber it. It+to there, and .1' fearnr 1 di^hise.^lt might ing that goes' on inside it. I .anyone to kill;-anyone., All we :can remember it: To seent 'like ' saw it; ;I lived> h; I^now it, •I'm trying to. db'l&.savg. one. dreana is to kioi; ima vhat is So when I hear about it now, ; * Like lk>w- I. -get the message jooc; but we-ftave vBkH3f, \ '.*•taught :fnc? Rastafari; I .- know what *'. one is 'talking i m _ .. _ . •• * - *-* »TT "^ * * "' • *' fr • * • *.' '^. '' • thatrpyc me -;-Jfod/rm savtoo...I would go to Africa if Rastafan, . ;,'.;,-..------^'.. -.: .-.-:•about. That's knowledge. ed, Anyhow-.-. and' what 1 to, but Pm not * 1 *i ~ --' " •' ••— "-- ••• --• - i *" w •*.*•»' - ' 'T " »• Knowledge/, of ,,prison» of hkc^for -myself, I like for l ^vould go toiAfnca • '- -'>"". •'"-' - J . - , - - - : ' course; 6r^;the dungeon..*.^^K




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"It isn't a pleasant pi UNDKKSTANH ! IN ENGLAND AM) 1CA. A M O N G K I - ( , FANS' YOi: AR1- A OF MYS'I K R I O T . S Cjl 'HERO"; A H I - K \ C A L B U M IS R i l . I - A i A B R O A D - 11 S (.){]] LIKELY THA'I A l - i l - j WHILE YOU L I . BICC FOR WA.V1 01- \ TER WORD \ S

HOW DO Y O I I I! THIS'WILL AH-H I I don't see iht thing", you knou 11 dealing with thr -> thing". 1 w o u l d n t stopped touring in DCL place. You know tin-it;. people in the nun tain i field, that reach ihr tor. are not pcrformi-i.*, write songs, or thry dinproduce, or whatru'i. they succeed in that p the field. I see nivsdf songwriter, then tltcn a er. An entertainer' M yes...when I feel fii m tain. For, is not e \ < ' i v man a go feel fit Ittain. And I have pimi\ riencc in entertainment mo share dat it? .1 v.,iv me get... reluciani n» ( tain. For 1 f i n d ' 1 music, my woik just entertaining. Ii tainmg, but :!ui[ serious part of it. WHAT IS TMK SI i,

PART Ol 1T> i'; For one to listen, mntti Upon what ihev h a \ i hoa and, if it makes sen*- <); jx-rson, to try to do .nul|; it. Kvery one. e \ n \ i ual. I'm passing on edge - as fai a;> i ^o1 edge, in me. "FRUSTRATH) C I t


WERNAL c;/u.\ Up")

W H A T DO V THINK OF BOH M ; LEY'S CAKr.F.K > His career lias bet worked f o r . A m i deserved.



word "politics" is like •' 3rd "religion".: J don't ' either of thorn.


HAT ABOUT 1RNMENT? is t a u g h t , by tht- teachhe school, that the gov nt is the people. ITtat's hey said. I couldn't say .•ise.

(Cont'd ffom'Page One) drenV application .had filed some five yean ago.


it's a big word. I don't ierfere in those things t I learn , I disclose, ief joy is co farm anyI lo\e to farm The r av to preserve material is to cultivate and

YOr F A R M ? I do. I plant. And [ending to go .into u in ger w a y , n o w . 1 see eally, as my true lo\e. than singing, because g all the time .. ;.RF. YOU RA1SI-D AS * 1ST I.AN? wan. like, if 1 was a .goer? Yes. like r\erv \outh i go churcli every Sun ian! Dem used to send i al! kincla church lin! to the area wheh e in. ant] the con mu and the people who •)3 rents may know at ne .for. is just -so dis >. >ou know Drm jus where: Sundav* church urdavf church, or dis or dat church! You 'round dis area, an! • round with dat pera n d . . Y o u j u s ' go where you see Mon You nah a r g u e . illS) All Seventh "Day. » lethodist, and Church t


IAT PART OF THK DID YOU CHOW UP bout' I grow all bout ? city 1 My parents [ust a lot. you know, just - all like dem never ivHa dem a move for. is' move So I move. menYber happy times, if i t ' s j u s t to play and dem ting deh. .-. Play football. T K K / \ C OOVV.\

t:\ct: */C;HTI.\C VST co.vvjcrno.v.

FAMILY .Ob ^IF RAISED l\ '11 10 HVSTL1\G AS XM.Y KDt'C/VnO.\ O W . " ("Fighting r C'onviction ') ough some of the lyrKighting Against Cona i e not direct lv autoshical (Bunnv^ hail a rtable, middle-class j?ing. actually, and the . of what is commonly a good education"), in Bunny spent o\era i prison on a ganja He has not forgotten **rience. although he bout it. When 1 asked' >\v h e e l endured it. he lv turned into some t e r out of the Old p u t t i n g on a heavy jn Cowboy twang. no choice but to just mahsHf like Ah l i v e in e\ei\f situation x- to tome out alah-ve ,yed to come out alahAh in hee-er. Ah layenks . jui' for bein! r

"! e rn b r r i n i* B u n n y •> SOKOUS a g a i n . vas something 111 rny K 1 feel had to be because it was there. lived it out. ant! as much from it 'as I And I learned a lot of n prison. I saw how it \ r ent instead of just ; about it, and hu\ing bout it and the suffer,t goes on inside it. 1

1 lived if, I know it. n I hear about it now, ' what one is talking "I h a t \ k n o w l e d g e . i'dge of prison, of or the dungeon....

'It isn't a pleasant r UNDKRSTAND T H A I IN ENGLAND AND AMI K 1CA A M O N G R K G t . U FANS YOU ARK A K I M ) OF MYS 1 K R I O U S ' T l 1 i H K R O ' ; AFTF.R Y < M K A L B U M IS R K L K A M ! t A B R O A D - I T ' S Q l ' l I IUKF.LY THAT AFTI K A WHILK YOU'LL BKGOMIFOR WANT OF A B! i TKR WORD A S'lAk H O W DO Y O U T H I N K THIS WILL AFFF.CT V > i I don't see the "stanicin thing", you know. If I '..,•dealing with ihe "staulcm tiling". 1 w o u l d n ' t i i . u e stopped touring in the t i i s t place. You know there are people in the entertainment field that reach the top \ \ h o are not performers. 'I h.-y write songs, or they direct 01 produce, or whatever, . they succeed in that pa:i the field. I see myself a> a songwriter, then then a MTH» er. An entertainer*1 Mrmiinyes...when I feel fit to er.u i tain. For, is not every tin*- d man a go feel fit fe emertain. And I have plenty e\|>c rience in entertainment An me share dat in a way v.lich TIM* get... reluctant to en;ci t a i n . For 1 find t h a t mv music, my work - it .- 11 just entertaining. .It's entertaining, but that isn't Nserious part of it. WHAT IS THE S E R U M S PART OF IT? For one to listen, upon what they have and. if it makes sense to - i n person, to try to do-and live i t . Kvery one, every ind.-. • ; • ual. I'm passing on kiin1.-.;. edge as far as I see kn< . edge, in me. "FRUSTRATED CH/f DRKX. H U M I L I A T I O N •WAS. NOT I N VAl\ niRGUGH -F.FFOR. I J / M I , A:\D H / S T O K V HAVE i\OW FOUMi KTKRNAL CAJN.T'B":


' W H A T DO Y O r T H I N K OF BOB M A H LKY S CAHEER? His career has been we!! worked f o r .And w e l l deserved.

AND PETER TOSH'S? Some. HOW DO THEY -DIFFER? Peter tall and Bob short. AND YOU? 1 m shorter. Still short, but shorter. ARE THE THREE OF ^OU STILL CLOSE? We live like brothers. Sometimes you have little t h i ngs t h a t go on, you know, petty arguments .j u s t like brothers have. We're like brothers. DO YOU THINK THE THREE OF YOU WILL WORK TOGETHER AGAIN? I see the three of us playing together, working together again I don't sec myself on stage: performing, without Peter and Bob, but• then, I don't see myself on stage. And the. touring, no; I wouldn't tour. I don't tour, if I tour, 1 tour with the Wailers. But I don't see the. touring as a possibility *~ too much mixup, too much difficulties...! have a million reasons; And I .have to .•lave thai right, to make a Decision that I feel K right, for me. And I have to free * jp everyone, for I donVtell Bob: "Don't tour." 1 don't tell Peter: "Don't tour." I * » iust see where I had to" So I stopped. The recording, now... ! hope ihat I and Peter and Bob will come together and do > o m e s e r i o u s recordi n g . . . Bwoy! I - j u s t .live according to how 1 see J >elf. Any ting jus' come up* I jus' live it. 1 "nun try f i g h t it. You know wha'a'mean? Some people :ry das why I don't even bother with astrology. Cause, dem ting deh set v o u - s e t y o u f e ups*et yourself. "THIS TRAIN, IT DON'T CARRY NO UNHOLY THIS TRAIN, JT 15 B O U N D TO G L O R Y , 77 IIS TRAIN" (This 7rain") (Air lyricsquoted are from the "JO messages',' of the album 'Blackheart man") .

Having completed all tllie ^preliminaries; including .the interview by .the Consular 'Officer-, /all thai- was needed 'Aya£ the income taXrreturfis .-"Jter -1975 frorn their I was subsequent told by a seasoned visitor t h e E m b a s s y i s a ne w requirement. 1 was givdn a blue forin and was told that, as soon as 1 received the document 1 should just "bring it in ant! •collect the visas." - •, Hampered by the postalstrike in Jamaica during May, the document did n{« arrive until nearly a monlh later. I was worried thai tie delay might create sonic problem, so the first Monday morning after receiving tfoe document I found myself pt the Embassy at appro imately 6.30 a.m., having been advised from the night before to get there as early jis possible. • On rny arrival, 1 was shocked at what I observed. Apan from the general dirtkiness of the place, I found two lines of people, one s t r e t c h i n g down over-100 yards to Half Way Tree Road and the other 150 yards to the Regal Theatr while oh the other'side of inc R o a d , several h u n d r e d people were looking on. apparently at. -a" Itiss as at what to do. Of the two long lines, one was for those persons seeking, permanent visas and the other for temporary. The temporary line was longer, including several school children and what appeared to be youth clubitVs. I joined the permanent line and waited, looking around and listening to the exchange of opinions from some of'the people. -One of the interesting things that caught my attention was how persons appearing to be of the lower, middle and upper class came together in u n i t y ; they shared the same jokes Jrom the orange lady, who is selling Her wares repeated constantly "be patient Jamaicans, be patient, you will soon get tru', so buy an orange and cool yourself," t h e y s h a r e t h e same umbrellas, newspaper to guard from the sun, But this togetherness does not last, for as soon as the ~ better off get their visas, they leave the premises not even glancing at the line from which they had just left, but holding their heads straight.


•aid only th<Me people with jMhk dips will be allowed in. A pink slip indicates ail i i i. i i * i i -,t

TYns advice, however] dicl not'bear any fruit, because no one budged. Having to go to work, I left at that point since 1 did not possess a pink slip. This "exenjisc was repeated by me for several days without luck and on the Monday of'the third week, leaving home earlier, 1 was able to reach close -to the gate, close enough to hold onto it. but this did not help. I was then told that - the . Kmbassy had stopped,1 taking blue, forms • from "J9 ro'clock each' day.- • j".--/' - It was the first time I had heard this. TTspokc to a policeman (who must be lauded for his helpfulness and courtesy, which in a stem way he displayed) who told me to try ana reach earlier the next-day. 1 did. After arranging. 'with'a taxi friend I left my house at S a.m. arriving atthe Embassy at 3.2f> a.m. The line on the temporary side was very long. .Some people wore still sleeping. There were" about 30 people standing' in the permanent lino. -

Born ya Two youth* in a paring motor car approached. The car Anved down to picture the ftceene. One of the youths ahonijed words from the popular aoQg "I man born ya." they both laughecf and sped off. Several other people patted by, looked at us. ahook their -heads and proceeded on their way. Once again the arrival of the officers paved the way for tin? pushing, boring and shouting. It was my lucky d a y . Without niiich pushing I was able to get through the gate. Maybe it was because the policeman recognised me from the day before when I spoke to him about possessing a blue form. He let me through. But my luck -nearly turned to despair. As I sped through the gates of the Kmbassy I came upon another line leading to the waiting room. There at the foot, of the stairs, one of the officers wds directing the0, people where to go etc. I , had no fear,,.since it was not yet &

jpered a ailent prayer that he . would not see me before I . . ^ readied the door.' m

. • ' - . . • • * - • •

- H a v i h *•**«g -.vtsJ-tcd' the • I'jnbassy before, "•r.^new'the booth of the officer dealing -.the children's applir .. His name'is Mr. J. Mark NeHy. 1; bad found him1 to . be courteous and kind the *first time I • dealt ^ -1. * with him. arid many.people had also remarked that- they l i k e d - t. o deal w• i t h* h i m~* -• " because he treats people'" decently (I hope this will not cause him to be transferred)/ K

There he was Reaching the door without being seen by the Italian iojt South American officer, I peeked through and; looked in the vicinity where Mr. NeeryY booth was arid there landing at the door; with one hand akimbo and the other placed on the side of the door was the American . vice consular officer, Mr. ]. Mark Nedy in futtlheakh looking better than the last time 1 caw him, comptetdy tan and. rested. This was the man whom ' •* . -> r













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But then I realised that there are' many reasons why Jamaicans 6 will flock to the USA, daily. At the cinemas one is constantly subjected to the Hollywood version of life in America, where everything seems like paradise, money is easy to earn, a big. car is cheap, eveything is superior • - a fantasy. .

The dfift to .the United,

States also benefited America m well as Jamaka. By paying for a permanent . visa and plane tares to the United States before Air Jamaica carrie into being, Jamaicans had shelved out millions of dollar, in, this areal '•'<•".- /'• £": -' "'" '• The thousands of Jamai'cans'who visited that country each year buying return tickets also spend millions of : dollars. The question then, is why is the process of getting a visa so exhausting and humiliating as if d e l i b e r a t e l y designed to discourage Jamaicans from applying? Imhe area ^r.temporary visas, this attitude .is perhaps understandable, for it is only fair to say that hundreds of Jamaicans never return, but they too are making their contribution to the American society. Because, of the growing consciousness among Black Americans, many refused to srcub "whitey" floors, and it is in this area, that many Jamaicans a r e f i n d i n g employment, whet her t hey be nurses, teachers or whai have you. It is time Jamaicans look to themselves and -think of what they can do for their country, so that'their children and their children's children will find it easier to survive. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^•^^^^^^^^^•^^^BH


<TELL ME A STORY) aaiaaaaaaaaaaaaiBviMi HUNTING t HE MAROONS * m



Over the long period .that the Maroons harrassed the English settlers in Jamaica, many, bizarre suggestions were made for bringing them under control. One came from Colonel Tobias Fitch in 1736 that Chikesaw or Creek Indians should be brought from South Carolina and Georgia in the American colonies "to-reduce the rebellious negroes". His sugges lion was approved by a joint committee of the Council and the Assembly but apparently no action was taken. Indians were brought from the Mosquito Coast of .Nicaragua which was then a British protectorate to help track the Maroons. However, their final defeat in St. James was largely due not to Indians, but to bloodhounds which were brought in from Cuba for the purpose. ©1976 Jamaica Tourist Board / " Discover Jamaica" OS: 0028/76


Pinlc slips Njj Bat raving dgested what myr * - iricndihao^jia me,*-.- I - At the pennanem * ~ - - w " ^ » ' «4 • • •--—"—rejoined the line. Tim ame the -the officer wa» not at thr nowpced. loot ol the stair*, he wa» at j«t had a docuipent to hand of« the stain. A the in and collect their visa; but *• •* • 4*the' top - " 4 •.»••*•'*. ^ —'-•-•-•-• ttiv mqrning tl*F polkonato ; -JiDB mowed flkwly i»;-1 . :»,• ••


America benefits too •

moments agosl was told was ill and would not be coming out today. At the information desk, I handed the* document to* one of the clerks who is a Jamaican and here I must -add that these girJs need a crash course on how to treats their fellow countrymen.

. As my turn came, the officer took "the blue form from me, 'read the signature at the bottom, looked me straight in the face and told nie that the consular who is handling this application was "ill and Standing in the line the lime moves slowly. I thought - won't be put today." = The morning was still; I was there for eternity, but I' ybungrso I witdrew from the pressed on, and at around '-8.30 a.m. two of the.officers . line. I went across and" squee^ed their way through : started talking to a-friend in the temporary line. He lamthe huge crowd -and entered ented, that he had been the premises. trying- to get a temporary This signalled the time visa for mbhths and couldn't for much pushing and boring : get through. He was-of the and stampeding to reach . • clpser to.the gate. , ' ' ^ view jhai the ^officers-would cjo Anything' to turrt people 'Several times the vo|, "the policeman, on duty-cell1,"' downv .They were ."ginals," he said. *" ; ,. r _v; u bed amid the. pushing and X-Silent "prayer • the boring and the shouting, After being told, that the that only those in trie line officer was ill, I resolved nevwill be allowed to enter, and er again to go through this" furthermore, he said, only 50 people frorn the temporary ' exerciser -and was mentally line will be. admitted this. writing a letter to the cliilr morning t>ic'jest would have;. t^fet^i Bother to to return the next .dayrff ".'jjtani: irt the sun, and suffer There were'sbrhe 600 peoplerembarrassmem; in getting ,- "' ' • \. *•* • -^^ in the-temporary line. .,' . v. ilie'children j «A






AH I sat- down ;and wait* . l( patted myself on the shoulder, for .haying scored. Shortly after, that the children's names were_..calle'd (they were not with.-ine.hav™ * ~ ' * ' • • • • ' . » ' init been told that tneip-p'resfv ence : was not necessai^;. %•• t weh£" inside to ^Mr.Tr^eely^ who,jiist; asked me a few questions, signed the visa,.-passed'ii to rhe telling me to pay the cashier who would tell me ..when to pick ft up.' ~T*' I did and was .told to come for the visas, the next day at 3.30 p.m. With that I left the American Embassy, at Eureka Road, .hoping that such a situation .might.notbccur again. - J-. On my way to. work, iny mind was full of thoughts as ' to why Jamaicans go to such -lengths to secure a visa to America, since to me Amer- _ tea Utopa, a country where black people were treated at one time like dogs and are' still struggling-for tlieir rights. a


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