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STUDIO AIR 2018, SEMESTER 2 TUTOR: MOYSHIE ELIAS STUDENT: PEILU CHEN 859989

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Contents

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CONCEPTUALISATION A0 INTRODUCTION A1 Design Futuring A2 Design Computation A3 Composition & Generation A4 Conclusion A5 Learning Outcome A6 Alogrithmic Sketches

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A0 INTRODUCTION

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I am Peilu Chen, currently majoring architecture in University of Melbourne. I was raised up in China. When I was a kid, I had the opportunity to see buildings with different historical periods identities. Architecture is not only a tool for living. It is the representation of culture and time periods. Through architecture, people are able to create their own memories. Emotions can be evoked. Also, architects use architecture as a way to communicate and express their unique ideas. It is not just simply a building, but also their interpertation of the site, people and culture

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A1

DESIGN FUTURING

Figure1. Metalocus, Repair. Australian Pavilion for the XVI Venice Architecture Biennale 6 2018,Metalocus,<https://www.metalocus.es/en/news/repair-australian-pavilion-xvi-venicearchitecture-biennale-2018> [9 Augst 2018]


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or the last thousand years, people think architecture as the production of aesthetics, technology and culture. It acts as “problem solving” tool for modern society[1]. However, the problems are solved which bases on the damage to planet’s climatic and ecological systems. In other words, the design fails to take responsibility for making people realize the nature cannot sustain us along[2]. Indeed, there is Hugh gap between urgently needed action and the current imminent availability action. While, People should start to think about how could we live in the planet if resource is not renewable? How could we do when facing high levels of unpredictable climatic behaviour?

Design should come with sustainability and allow to communicate with environments. It is not only about bring ecological idea into design but need to be structurally integral to almost everything in it[5]. Human today are facing different problems, those can only be solved through changing people’s values, behaviour, attitudes and beliefs. Design should be re-directive and play an role of environmental education to make people realize the development of human society should get along with natural.

According to Fry the design today should focus on slowing the rate of defuturing and develop towards far more sustainable modes. We should realize is not about sustainable development, this design task asks us to development of the the sustainment[3]. Rather than think a method to allow human alive. We should accept the fact of defuturing. Looking for design for both present and future.It requires us to understand present while present the idea of possible futures. It is said that we cannot preconise future while we could increase the probability of the desirable futures by set in place factors today[4]. Design allow us to find those future possibilities through a rational way.

1. Anthony Dunne & Fiona Raby Speculative Everything: Design Fiction, and Social Dreaming (MIT Press: 2013) pp. 1-9, 33-45, p.2. 2. Tony Fry, Design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethiccs and New Practice (Oxford: Berg), pp. 1–16, (p.3) 3. Fry,4. 4. Dunne and Fiona, 6. 5. Fry,12.

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Figure 2. Blur building plan

BLUR BUILDING

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Blur allowed us for the first time to work on an environmental scale...to make a mass spectacle. We made weather [6]â&#x20AC;? -- Diller & Scofidio Under the influence of US economy crisis, arts become part of the social context for advertising and commercial purpose. To reject the commodification of art, artist comes to differentiated themselves from others by making performing arts. They united art, performance. Make it as part of the intergal of architectural work[7]. Diller and Scofidio are one of them which combines arts and architecture together.

Architect:Diller & Scofidio Date: 2002 Location: Switzerland

6. Guido Incerti, Diller +Scofidio (+Renfro): the ciliary function: works and projects 1979-2007, (New York: Rizzoli, 2007), p.123 7. Incerti, p.16 8. Incerti, p.17 9. Incerti, p.18 10. Incerti, p. 124 11. Fry, 10. 12. Incerti, p. 144 13. Dunne and Fiona, p. 2.

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Influence by Peter Eisenman and Emilion Ambasz, Elizabeth Diller and Ricardo Scofido's interests on apply mechanism principle on creating experience space[8]. This allow their work become spatial, interactive and sensory. Viewers who enter the work would become the sunject and sense its texture. The relationship between tangible and intanglible dominates their project[9]. The project, Blur building is a good example to elborate this idea. By using mechanism system, The installation would able to response to the vagaries of weather in real time[10]. Indeed, Blur building could be regarded as an good example which design for future. Fry argures future design with sustainability would depends on ecologies of the artifical, mind and image as well as the natural[11]. These are achieved in Blur builidng. The installation get water on site and transform it into mist by using mechanism system. Since water is reusable, the installation could work sustainablely[12].

Also, blur building give a new definition for the relationship between human and natural environment. Dunne and Fiona supports the social problems could noly be solved through changing people's values, beliefs behavior and attitudes[13]. Here, blur building take responsbility as a building -- use design to guide people. As the production of artificial mechanism, building would dissolves and disappear within the mist. Since the meaningless environment be create, people regardless age, race and class are equal disoriented[14]. The nature/cultural dualism be broke down through this. Only "white-out" and the "white-noise" could be feel. Visitor not separate with pavilion any more. They become part of the pavilion which allows them to feel and touch the building texture[15]. Since the building is part of the natural environments, the relationship between human and natural be strength.

Figure 26. Blobwall Pavilion 2005 "Skin + Bones"

Figure 3. "white-out" environment be created

Figure 27. Blob unit making prograss

14. Incerti, p. 124. 15. Incerti, p. 8. Figure 2: ResearchGate, Blur building, Lake Neuchatel (Diller & Scofidio), ResearchGate, <https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Blur-building-LakeNeuchatel-Diller-Scofidio_fig4_297886761>, [6 August 2018] Figure 3: Anniversary magazine, The blur Building's Connectivity Metaphor by Diller Scofidio+Renfro), Anniversary magazine, <https://www.anniversarymagazine.com/all/2017/1/9/the-blur-buildings-connectivity-metaphor-by-diller-scofidio-renfro>, [6 August 2018]

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Figure 4. overview for Tokyo Bay plan

TOKYO BAY PLAN

“Using design to open up all sorts if possibilities that can be discusse, and used to collectively define a preferable future for a given group of people [16]” -- Dunne & Raby

Architect: Kenzo Tange Date: 1959-1960 Location: Tokyo

The theme of "New Community on the sea" was be came up when Tange taught a design studio in MIT. In the brief, Tange set the goal of "Create the ideal habitat for this particular place at the particular moment to reach a moment of truth and to find a key ot human value."[17]. The proposal be put forward later transformed into the "A plan for Tokyo, 1960". This

16. Dunne, Anthony & Raby, Fiona Speculative Everything: Design Fiction, and Social Dreaming (MIT Press: 2013) pp. 1-9, 33-45. (p.6) 17. Seng Kuan, Yukio Lippit, Kanzo Tange: Architecture for the world, (Lars Muller Publishers, 2012), p.61. 18. Kuan, p.61. 19. Udo Kultermann, Kenzo Tange, (Barcelona: Gustavo Gill, 1989), pp.185-202.(p.185) 20. Kultermann, p.185. 21. Tony Fry, Design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethiccs and New Practice (Oxford: Berg), pp. 1–16. (p.5-6)

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proposal contribute to the development of metabolism The project divide city into two components, One is the "long life, super scale" element of city which be transfered into the civic Axis. It is a linear infrastructure system which be straddle to tokyo bay. Also, give primacy for transportation and communication. The main civic axis be divided into eight cycles which has discrete identity and function. Another one is "short life, small scale " element which be transfered into residential sub-spines. They run perpendicular to the civic axis and forming the fish-bone structure[18]. Tange realizes the problem of population expansion in Tokyo in 20th. questing the closed suburbanization systems. He argues radial transport system would create more traffic volume since it routes everyone through the city[19]. Therefore, Tange try to eliminate the influence of population expansion on city and environment through urban planning level. Come up with proposal for the progerssive modification of the city[20]. Indeed, this project could be regarded as a good example for design futuring. Fry mention design futuring should base on understanding human are facing bad situation with lacking of unrenewable resourance and unpredictable extremely weather. The design task for futuring should slowing the rate of defuturing and looking for a more sustainable modes[21]. Tange believes, peole could not set up limit for urban development but allow to channel the growth in population throught setting new structure to adopt the need of society in 20th[22]. The communal axis which shows in Figure 6, extend to the Tokyo bay step by step. It works with the cylinder system which allow move from radial and contripetal system to linear system development. The residential area, where always has high density population, are linked with the cylinder structure through pile. As "short life, small scale" element, the area design for residential is moveable. The residential area, design

Figure 5. "short liffe, small scale" element with fishbone structure

Figure 26. Blobwall Pavilion 2005 "Skin + Bones"

Figure 6. section through the communal axis

in part on solid land, in part on platforms resting on piling driven into the seabed.[23] Different from Blur building which try to put people as part of builiding. Try to create space where people and environment are indivisible two part. The Tokyo bay aims to change the social order and produce new possibility for people living -- living on the sea. Also, the design for residential zone give more potential on city structure and future development.

22. Kultermann, p.194. 23. Kultermann, p.196. Figure 4. Archeyes, "A plan for Tokyo 1960 / Kenzo Tange", Archeyes, <http://archeyes.com/plan-tokyo-1960-kenzo-tange/> [9 August 2018] Figure 5. Archeyes, "A plan for Tokyo 1960 / Kenzo Tange", Archeyes, <http://archeyes.com/plan-tokyo-1960-kenzo-tange/> [9 August 2018]Figure 6. Pinterest, Kenzo Tange, Tokyo Bay, 1960, Pinterest , <https://www.pinterest.com/pin/199284352235671025/> [7 August 2018]

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A2

DESIGN COMPUTING

Figure 7. flickr, Elipse, flickr<https://www.flickr.com/photos/flaneur/506496272/in/gallerydteil-72157623533074447/> [9 Augst 2018]

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esign is the process of coming up with solution to match the spatial temporal context which has problems were not previously known. A goal is set at beginning to achieve the solution with many constraints. During this process, designer is asked to find the characteristic for solution which always miss information or uncertainty. To achieve this, the rule-based methods, as an effective way be used to find the solution. As the design be explored and detailing, uncover opportunities and limitation would come out. Designer would rationally prepare the solution in several alternative ways before any of them is taken to the conclusion. Constraints would be added and reduced by clients after problem analysis and solution synthesis processes. This allows the characteristic of solution comes clear and contributes on getting satisfactory solution.

track of all the goals and constraints and alert the potential inconsistencies[25]. Also, bring more possibility into design processes. Rather than work individually. Elements work as a group. Therefore, after designer get feedback from these elements. Designers allow to refine their concept in analysing and problem-solving processes to get the satisfactory solution efficiently.

Secondly, the parametric design also extent to the material systems realm. Architects start to design for the intersection area of parametric design and material systems[26]. The digital materiality gives new meaning and potential to the contemporary architecture design[27]. By using parametric design method, designer start to explore bionics and use the knowledge of bionics to get design idea from natural principle[28]. This ecological design which have good responses to site environments[29].

“it is learning from natural principles of design how to produce form in response to the conditions of the environmental context. This is an age in which digitally informed design can actually produce a second nature[23]”

Communicate etween people from different industries especially after designer take response on detailing design and have growing abstraction idea [30]. Computing produce both graphic and numerical representation allow people engage the design processes[31]. It comes easier for designer to test their concept and construction representation. Also, it forms universal language to allow designer and computer communicate with each other .

Parametric design as one of the “rulebased” methods which be introduced into both architecture practice and education. It enables variety relationship between different design elements[24] . Allow to keep

23. Rivka Oxman, Robert Oxman, Theories of the Digital in Architecture (London; New York: Routledge), pp. 1–10, (p.8) 24. Oxman, p.4 25. Yehuda Kalay E. Architecture’s New Media: Principles, Theories, and Methods of Computer-Aided Design (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004), pp. 5-15, p.6. 26. Oxman, p.5 27. Oxman, p.6 28. Oxman, p.1 29. Oxman, p.7 30. Kalay, p.8 31. Oxman, p.3

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Figure 8. 2010 ICD|ITKE RESEARCH PAVILION

ICD | ITKE RESEARCH PAVILION Architect: Achim Menges & Jan Knippers Date: 2010

“Computation offers considerable possibilities for architecture, going well beyond the conventional sphere of design that focuses on the generation of complex geometries [32]” —Achim Menges The ICD | ITKE research pavilion 2010 is a project which computation is enabling both form generation and material exploration. The pavilion in 2010 investigates an intricate wood lamella system by using parametric method[32]. As one of the computing method, parametric design allow to define material elements through behaviour rather than shape[33]. Base on this, the research pavilion explore the elastic bending systems of wood lamella[33].

32. Moritz Fleischmann, Jan Knippers, Julian Lienhard, Achim Menges, Simon Schleic, ‘Material Behaviour: Embedding Physical Properties in Com putational Design Processes, 82,2, pp.44-51,(p.47) 33. Fleischmann, Knippers, Lienhard and Menges, p.45. 34. Institute for Computational Design and Construction, ICD|ITKE Research Pavilion 2010, Institute for Computational Design and Construction < http:// icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=4458 >[9 August 2018] 35. nstitute for Computational Design and Construction, ICD|ITKE Research Pavilion 2010, Institute for Computational Design and Construction < http:// icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=4458 >[9 August 2018] Figure 8: Institute for Computational Design and Construction, ICD|ITKE Research Pavilion 2010, Institute for Computational Design and Construction < http://icd.uni-stuttgart.de/?p=4458 >[9 August 2018]

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Figu


ure 10

As we know, the construct of material could be regarded as the result form a system of internal and external pressure. The introducing of computational design creat e and altenative method which illustrate the relationship between material properties and geometric form generation in a more directly way[34]. "The computatioal design model is based on embeding the relevant material behavioral features in parametric principles[35]" Similiarly, this project start with large number of physical and computational tests, in order to measure the deflection of elastically bent plywood strips. Based on the planar strip configuration and definition of connection points. It is possible to simulate the erection process. Through this process, is could simulate the verification of the geometrical . From figure 9 it could be seen the end of strip would bear compression while other part are bearing tension. The next step is develop the model from system behaviour to constructional material system. Figure 10 illustrate the bearing condition of individual wood strip[36].

Figure 9. Erection process - simulation

Robot as an good fabric tool also be introduced into the project which responses on manufacturing the plywood strips as planar elements. Through the task of programming the robot, no additional equipment such as scaffolding is needed. It could be said that the material behaviour itself forming the shape through computing[37]. The ICD | ITKE research pavilion is the a good example of how paratric design method contribute on exploring materil properties and gernerate from. Here, the digital materiality give new meaning and potential to the contemporary architecture designďźť38ďź˝. The example is one of the evident which material properties define architecure form.

Figure 10. wood strip erection process simulation 36. Fleischmann, Knippers, Lienhard and Menges, p.47-49. 37. Fleischmann, Knippers, Lienhard and Menges, p. 50. 38. Oxman, p.6. Figure 9. Fleischmann, Knippers, Lienhard and Menges, ICD | ITKE research pavili <http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.lib.rmit.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/ pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=1daae440-b236-42f9-9b6a-684179fac248%40sessionmgr4007> [9 August 2018] Figure10. Fleischmann, Knippers, Lienhard and Menges, ICD | ITKE research pavili <http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.lib.rmit.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/ pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=1daae440-b236-42f9-9b6a-684179fac248%40sessionmgr4007> [9 August 2018]

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Figure 11. UK Pavilion, EXPO.

UK PAVILION Architect: Thomas Heatherwick Date: 2006-2008 Location: United State

“Instead of rigidly dividing artistic thinking into separate crafts and professions such as scuplture, architecture, fashion... I want to consider all design in three dimensions [39]” -- Thomas Heatherwick The UK pavilion design for 2010 World Expo in China. It is government-sponsored as the national representation which requires designer to show UK as a sustainable country with cultural diversity, splendid industry, inventiveness and creativity. Also, is a task of exploring relationship between future city and nature. Moreover, the meaning of plant life and human health

39. Thomas Heatherwick, Thomas Heatherwick: Making (New York: The Monacelli Press, 2012), pp.10-11,217-227. (p.11) 40. Heatherwick, p. 216. 41. Heatherwick, p. 226. 42. Oxman, p.6. 43. Hanif Kara, ‘UK Pavilion, Shanghai Expo 2010’, Architect’s journal, 232, 2, 8 July 2010. Figure 11. Sebastiam Jordana, "UK Pavilion for Shanghai World Expo 2010/ Heatherwick Studio", Archidaily, <https://www.archdaily.com/58591/ukpavilion-for-shanghai-world-expo-2010-heatherwick-studio> [9 August 2018]

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in urban development[40]. Besides that, the design aim to create the design form as a manifestation of internal spaces. In other word, the architecture form is part of the content of the exhibition. The pavilion concentrates on exploring texture by trying to create façade move in the wind and forming the architecture form. To achieve this. 60,000 acrylic rods are drilled to the central cube. Rod with identical length be pointed into a single spot of the central of the pavilion, tips of rod are spaced on both outside and inside. Process of achieving this need the support of parametric design. To ensure the tips of rod would not be crush together, rules are set by designer for calculating and designing the location of spot and angle of rods[41] . According to Oxman (2014), parametric design is part of design which allows architects to explore more possibility of form[42]. In this project, the arrangement of spots is tested and contributes to produce the form with specific quirk. Indeed, RhinoScripts is used to design and test geometries and spike fixing method by Heatherwick[43]. Yehuda argues the parametric design contributes to approach solution efficiently by get feedback from elements[44]. A digital model is created after getting feedback from elements such as tolerance and deflection. As a result, 40,000 spikes are reduced during design development to satisfy the site constrain[45]. This also contribute to the achieve the concept goal. By controlling the density of spots through parametric design method, the pavilion avoids neither bald patches nor revealing too much. The application of parametric design allow designer to explore the characteristic of acrylic and use it for pavilion design. New meaning would be given through this[46]. Not just as rod, but act as the bridge to allow the architecture form become part of exhibition content. Through digital design and test, rods with special arrangement and different angel strength the relation between environment, seed and people. The quirk form contributes

Figure 12. Robs forming the architecture form

Figure 26. Blobwall Pavilion 2005 "Skin + Bones"

Figure 13. Facade

to merge the “boundary” between pavilion and sky. Also, it allows acrylic rods bring enough natural light in the pavilion, this blend external and internal spaces. Both pavilion and seeds are physical representation of part of natural. It allows the pavilion not for people who comes in, it is the exhibition of bio-diversity. People, is also Figure unit making prograss part of 27. theBlob bio-diversity in the exhibition[47]

44. Kalay, 13. 45. Hanif Kara, ‘UK Pavilion, Shanghai Expo 2010’, Architect’s journal, 232, 2, 8 July 2010. 46. Oxman, p.6. 47. Heatherwick, p. 220. Figure 12. Sebastiam Jordana, "UK Pavilion for Shanghai World Expo 2010/ Heatherwick Studio", Archidaily, <https://www.archdaily.com/58591/ukpavilion-for-shanghai-world-expo-2010-heatherwick-studio> [9 August 2018] Figure 13. Sebastiam Jordana, "UK Pavilion for Shanghai World Expo 2010/ Heatherwick Studio", Archidaily, <https://www.archdaily.com/58591/ukpavilion-for-shanghai-world-expo-2010-heatherwick-studio> [9 August 2018]

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A3

COMPOSITION & GENERATION

Figure 14. Vlad Tenu, TEX - FAB EXBITION 2011, Vlad Tenu, <http://www.vladtenu.com/2011/tex-fab-repeat18 exhibition-2011/>[10 Augest 2018]


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ifferent from computerisation which is the process to copy, edit and increase the precision of drawings. Computing creates a framework for data collection which allows architect to extend their abilities to deal with more complex situations. It is the part of design which influence architect since the problem analysis stage. It provides convenience for designer to explore the design concept and relationship between elements (placement, configuration). Indeed, provide a flexible design environment to designer. It could be said computing is not tool which used to support design. It is part of design,

plays important role in communication and representation. However, the parametric design method has some limitation during the practical process. Parametric design breaks down the old design integrate which has external specialist consultancy to deal with the technical problem. These consultancy does not natural relate to the design concepts. Indeed, only small hybrid software engineer/architects could apply the advantage of parametric design to practice .

Parametic design method is one of the new computing method which contributes on creating simulate model. While, algorithms is the important calculate process in creating parametric model. It has clear description and would not restricted to numbers. It always under the state of having dynamic balance between input and output. Both input and output could be regarded as the set is the collection of some objects. Since

48.Oxman Rivka and Robert Oxman, Theories of the Digital in Architecture, pp.1-10 (p.5) 49. Wilson, Robert A and Frank C. Keil, “Definition of ‘Algorithm’”, The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (London: MIT Press), pp.11-12. (p.11)

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Figure 15. Blobwall Pavilion 2008

BLOBWALL PAVILION Architect: Gerg Lynn FORM & Machineous Date: 2006-2008 Location: United State

“It is incredibly exciting to know people are using and living with the things I create [25]” -- Gerg Lynn Blobwall is one of the "biomorphic design produced with the aid of advanced software" by Gerg Lynn FORM [26]. As an interdisciplinary cooperation. blobwall pavilion aims at redefing the brick as a contemporary wall system[27]. It is a series of installations base of this idea which be exhibited in USA from 2006-2008. The pavilion is a freestanding, indoor/outdoor System,

25. Alex Hawgood, “Design Fall 2007”, New York Times Magazine, Fall 2007, p.120 26. Hawgood, p.120. 27. Arcspace, "Bolbwall Pavilion", Arcspace (revised 29 August 2012) <https://arcspace.com/exhibition/blobwall-pavilion/> [9 August 2018] 28. “Culture: West Coast gone wild", Building Design, 2008, p. 22 29. Greg Lynn, “Blobwall -Greg Lynn Form”, Architectural Design, 79,2, 2009, pp. 96-99, (p.97) 30. “Culture: West Coast gone wild", Building Design, 2008, p. 22. 31. Lynn, p.97. Figure15. Greg Lynn FORM, "Blobwall,2006-08 Greg Lynn FORM", Greg Lynn FORM, <https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.ezp.lib.unimelb.edu.au/doi/ epdf/10.1002/ad.861> [9 August 2018]

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form by trilobed hollow blob unit with shape S, L, I and U. Firstly, the unit was rotated moulded[28]. Robort contributes on cuting the hollow bricks and then allow "bricks " to interlock with exact precision in the coming process[29]. Besides of reliance on machines, Gerg Lynn looking for traditional arts and crafts through texture and colour. The blobwall pavilion is a reworking of baroque rustication using the hollow blob unit[30]. In Renaissance period, facade in country formed by clovening stone. The pixilated gradient of the pavilion (in Figure 25) recover the elegant and trusted of building in Baroque and Renaissance period[31]. The Blobwall project is a good example of how computing contributes to create link between conception and production through CNC fabrication[32]. Here, CNC (computer numberically controlled) technolgy be used in customizing shape and colour for individual blob unit to strength the relationship between elements[33]. Even through the parametric design method does not be mentioned in the research. However, i think robotic is acting the role as achieving parametric design in this project. Algorithms is the calculating function process enable by both limit input and output information[34]. The definition of Robot is 'a reprogrammable devices, through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks[35]. In other words, it is a programming base object. Here, robotic responses to cutting and and interlock the bob unit with exact precision[36]. Therefore, it is reasonable to speculate that parametric design act as catalyst between design concept and the input information on robotic.

There is no doubt that computing change the building design method and allow the relationship between different design elements ( configuration and placement ) and be strength[37]. Rather than elements with different functions, the blob units work systematically to simplify the design components. The unity strength the interior relationship between individual elements.

Figure 16. Blobwall Pavilion 2005 "Skin + Bones"

Figure 17. Blob unit making prograss

32. Oxman Rivka and Robert Oxman, Theories of the Digital in Architecture, pp.1-10 (p.5) 33. Lynn, p.97. 34. Wilson, Robert A and Frank C. Keil, “Definition of ‘Algorithm’”, The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (London: MIT Press), pp.11-12. (p.11) 35. Vikram Kapila, "Introduction to Robotics", <http://engineering.nyu.edu/mechatronics/smart/pdf/Intro2Robotics.pdf> [9 August 2018] 36. Lynn, p.97. 37. Peter Brady, ‘Computation Works: The building of Algorithmic Thought”, Architectural Design, 83,2, 2013, pp. 08-15, (p.14) Figure 16. The university of Melbourne, "Greg Lynn Lecture: Fast Forward from Animate FORM" , the university of Melboure. <https://msd.unimelb.edu.au/ events/greg-lynn-lecture-fast-forward-from-animate-form> [9 August 2018] Figure 17. Sucker Punch, "Greg Lynn FORM", Sucker Punch <http://www.suckerpunchdaily.com/2010/01/10/blobwall-pavilion/> [9 August 2018]

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Figure 18. MINIMAL COMPLEXITY

MINIMAL COMPLEXITY

“The generative proposed method could involve many new parameters besides the current geometrical and the modular ones, in order to solve spatial, morphological, social or structural design problems[36]”

Architect: Vlad Tenu Date: 2010 Location: London

This project focus on the transalation processes from computing space to the built artifact. The implementation of this depends on the form- finding and the fabrication of minimal surface. Base on the

-- Vlad Tenu

38. Ruairi Glynn and Bob Sheil, Fabricate 2011: Making Digital Architecture, (London, UCL Press, 2011), pp. 89-92. (p.92) 38. Kottas Dimitris, Design architecture (Barcelona:Linkbooks) 2013, pp.152-155. 39. Vlad Tenu, ‘Minimal Complexity Prototype London 2010’, Vlad Tenu (revised 2018) http://www.vladtenu.com/2011/minimal-complexity-london/ [9 August 2018] 40. Alison Furuto, ‘Minimal Complexity Vlad Tenu’, ArchDaily (revised December 2010) < https://www.archdaily.com/94612/minimal-complexity-vladtenu> [9 August 2018] 41. Brady,p.10. 42. Dimitris, p.152. 43. Glynn and Sheil, p.89.

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computational simulation of virtual soap, algorithmic method is introduced to define this project[38]. Modularity surface was got after several triply periodic experiment After that, the fabrication goal set for this project is creating a set of components with a geometry built around the 16 triangular faces of the mesh of the fundamental region (Figure 19)[39]. The product comes out as a marco-scaled modular cellular pattern which would allow to expand infinitely and open-ended. At the same time, achieve material efficiency structural

Figure 19. trangulart components with fabric number

Figure 20. how trangulart componens works together (algorithmic approach

Peter Brady mentions computing is the process of creating a framework of elements interactions, which contributes to generate complex form, order and structure[41]. Algorithmic method here aims to achieve equilibrium between object and natural environments through minimize tensional energy[42]. The be translated into exploring partical-spring system to simulate a tension membrane. Here, the "framework" is the curvature characteristic and topological configuration[43] Within this "framework", components with different scale and structural properties be tested. Finally, only 16 components be chosen[44]. Indeed, this algorithmic exploration method also be extended to forming the generation form. After tested by using algorithmic method, customised Delaunay triangulation allow to achieve an efficient topology with the pre-set dimension

be reach. Also, huge advantage of using parametric system presents on this project. Firstly, new design options and architecture decision could be made[45].Parametric system allows to test the properties of different material to get best choice. Also, since designer would get feedback from parametric design system, more coefficients be taken into consideration during the generative process[46].

44. Dimitris, p.152. 45. Brady,p.13. 46. Glynn and Sheil, 92. Figure18. Alison Furuto,â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Minimal Complexity Vlad Tenuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, ArchDaily <https://www.archdaily.com/94612/minimal-complexity-vlad-tenu> [9 August 2018] Figure 19. The university of Melbourne, "Greg Lynn Lecture: Fast Forward from Animate FORM" , the university of Melboure. <https://msd.unimelb.edu.au/ events/greg-lynn-lecture-fast-forward-from-animate-form> [9 August 2018] Figure 20. Sucker Punch, "Greg Lynn FORM", Sucker Punch <http://www.suckerpunchdaily.com/2010/01/10/blobwall-pavilion/> [9 August 2018]

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A4

CONCLUSION

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esign is a corporation process which designer and people from other industries work together. They are asked to have prospective thinking and consider both effects and after effects. Then comes up to the design method which stays ahead of their clients . It could be said that the development of human is basis of the damage to naturel. Now, there is a big gap between what we should do and what we could do. To answer this question, design would allow to play a role as changing the attitude and value of human through creating experience space by using sustainable design. The sustainable design is not only using architecture to solve present problem. It is about what people in the future may need. It Is the architecture solution which should contribute to defer the destruction of the earth. Parametric designs as an innovation which was introduced to achieve this. The parametric design as one of design integral, produce more alternative solution to designer before taking any of them into conclusion. In other words, the characteristic of design solution would come out easily. Secondly, parametric design allows the graphic testing process more efficiently. Designer would refine their concept and detailing them after getting feedback from elements. Third, since parametric design method also extend to material system. Designer can use the research of bionic and materiality in their design. It is said that designer gets design idea of natural principle which allow the relationship between nature and building elements be strengthen.

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A5

LEARNING OUTCOMES

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T

hrough the theory and practice of architectural computing. I begin to understand the role of parametric design in design. Rather than just a tool which used for improving efficiency. It allows the design to have more potential. Design, especially architecture design does not act as about solve living and functional problem. The architect could get inspired by natural principle and introduce knowledge from other industries into architecture. The intersection between architecture and other realm would strength the relationship between people, society and nature. As the introducing of parametric design, function comes the smallest units which support the design. Those functions forming algorithm works together to create the architecture. In other words. It is not only tool base on mathematic. We produce software and build architecture in the world of computing step by step. Indeed, it allows material to define form. Also, another thing learning from theory and practice is the purpose of design and why we are doing design. I was thinking design is to function and memorizing something. Through the learning. I start to understand the design is about the present. At the same time is also about the future. When design comes to the mark of times, it also needs to response the site. In response the site which asks us to consider what may happen here in the future and who are going to use them. It is the task of thinking effect and after effect. Even though we cannot choose future, we could use design as a catalyst to guide the development of future.

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A6

ALGORITHMICST SKETCHES

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W1 oct

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W2

contour

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BIBLIOGRAPHY - Brady Peter, ‘Computation Works: The building of Algorithmic Thought”, Architectural Design, 83,2, 2013, pp. 08-15, (p.14) - “Culture: West Coast gone wild”, Building Design, 2008, p. 22 - Dimitris Kottas, Design architecture (Barcelona:Linkbooks) 2013, pp.152-155. - Dunne Anthony & Raby Fiona Speculative Everything: Design Fiction, and Social Dreaming (MIT Press: 2013) pp. 1-9, 33-45, p.2. - Fry Tony, Design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethiccs and New Practice (Oxford: Berg), pp. 1–16, (p.3) - Fleischmann Moritz, Jan Knippers, Julian Lienhard, Achim Menges, Simon Schleic, ‘Material Behaviour: Embedding Physical Properties in Computational Design Processes, 82,2, pp.44-51,(p.47) - Glynn Ruairi and Sheil Bob, Fabricate 2011: Making Digital Architecture, (London, UCL Press, 2011), pp. 89-92. (p.92) - Hawgood Alex, “Design Fall 2007”, New York Times Magazine, Fall 2007, p.120 - Heatherwick Thomas, Thomas Heatherwick: Making (New York: The Monacelli Press, 2012), pp.10-11,217-227. (p.11) - Incerti Guido, Diller +Scofidio (+Renfro): the ciliary function: works and projects 19792007, (New York: Rizzoli, 2007), p.123 - Kara Hanif, ‘UK Pavilion, Shanghai Expo 2010’, Architect’s journal, 232, 2, 8 July 2010. - Kalay E Yehuda. Architecture’s New Media: Principles, Theories, and Methods of Computer-Aided Design (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004), pp.5-15, p.6. - Kuan Seng, Yukio Lippit, Kanzo Tange: Architecture for the world, (Lars Muller Publishers, 2012), p.61. - Kultermann Udo, Kenzo Tange, (Barcelona: Gustavo Gill, 1989), pp.185-202.(p.185) - Lynn Greg, “Blobwall -Greg Lynn Form”, Architectural Design, 79,2, 2009, pp. 96-99, (p.97) - Oxman Rivka and Oxman Robert, Theories of the Digital in Architecture, pp.1-10 (p.5) - Wilson, Robert A and Frank C. Keil, “Definition of ‘Algorithm’”, The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (London: MIT Press), pp.11-12. (p.11)

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FIGURE LIST Figure1. Metalocus, Repair. Australian Pavilion for the XVI Venice Architecture Biennale 2018,Metalocus,<https://www.metalocus.es/en/news/repair-australian-pavilion-xvi-venicearchitecture-biennale-2018> [9 Augst 2018] Figure 2: ResearchGate, Blur building, Lake Neuchatel (Diller & Scofidio), ResearchGate, <https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Blur-building-Lake-Neuchatel-Diller-Scofidio_ fig4_297886761>, [6 August 2018] Figure 3: Anniversary magazine, The blur Building’s Connectivity Metaphor by Diller Scofidio+Renfro), Anniversary magazine, <https://www.anniversary-magazine.com/ all/2017/1/9/the-blur-buildings-connectivity-metaphor-by-diller-scofidio-renfro>, [6 August 2018] Figure 4. Archeyes, “A plan for Tokyo 1960 / Kenzo Tange”, Archeyes, <http://archeyes.com/ plan-tokyo-1960-kenzo-tange/> [9 August 2018] Figure 5. Archeyes, “A plan for Tokyo 1960 / Kenzo Tange”, Archeyes, <http://archeyes.com/ plan-tokyo-1960-kenzo-tange/> [9 August 2018]Figure 6. Pinterest, Kenzo Tange, Tokyo Bay, 1960, Pinterest , <https://www.pinterest.com/ pin/199284352235671025/> [7 August 2018] Figure 7. flickr, Elipse, flickr<https://www.flickr.com/photos/flaneur/506496272/in/gallerydteil-72157623533074447/> [9 Augst 2018] Figure 8: Institute for Computational Design and Construction, ICD|ITKE Research Pavilion 2010, Institute for Computational Design and Construction < http://icd.uni-stuttgart. de/?p=4458 >[9 August 2018] Figure 9. Fleischmann, Knippers, Lienhard and Menges, ICD | ITKE research pavili <http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.lib.rmit.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/ pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=1daae440-b236-42f9-9b6a-684179fac248%40sessionmgr4007> [9 August 2018] Figure10. Fleischmann, Knippers, Lienhard and Menges, ICD | ITKE research pavili <http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.lib.rmit.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/ pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=1daae440-b236-42f9-9b6a-684179fac248%40sessionmgr4007> [9 August 2018] Figure 11. Sebastiam Jordana, “UK Pavilion for Shanghai World Expo 2010/ Heatherwick Studio”, Archidaily, <https://www.archdaily.com/58591/uk-pavilion-for-shanghai-world-expo2010-heatherwick-studio> [9 August 2018] Figure 12. Sebastiam Jordana, “UK Pavilion for Shanghai World Expo 2010/ Heatherwick Studio”, Archidaily, <https://www.archdaily.com/58591/uk-pavilion-for-shanghai-world-expo2010-heatherwick-studio> [9 August 2018] Figure 13. Sebastiam Jordana, “UK Pavilion for Shanghai World Expo 2010/ Heatherwick Studio”, Archidaily, <https://www.archdaily.com/58591/uk-pavilion-for-shanghai-world-expo2010-heatherwick-studio> [9 August 2018] Figure 14. Vlad Tenu, TEX - FAB EXBITION 2011, Vlad Tenu, <http://www.vladtenu.com/2011/ tex-fab-repeat-exhibition-2011/>[10 Augest 2018] Figure15. Greg Lynn FORM, “Blobwall,2006-08 Greg Lynn FORM”, Greg Lynn FORM, <https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.ezp.lib.unimelb.edu.au/doi/epdf/10.1002/ad.861> [9 August 2018]

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Figure 16. The university of Melbourne, “Greg Lynn Lecture: Fast Forward from Animate FORM” , the university of Melboure. <https://msd.unimelb.edu.au/events/greg-lynn-lecturefast-forward-from-animate-form> [9 August 2018] Figure 17. Sucker Punch, “Greg Lynn FORM”, Sucker Punch <http://www.suckerpunchdaily. com/2010/01/10/blobwall-pavilion/> [9 August 2018] Figure18. Alison Furuto,‘Minimal Complexity Vlad Tenu’, ArchDaily <https://www.archdaily. com/94612/minimal-complexity-vlad-tenu> [9 August 2018] Figure 19. The university of Melbourne, “Greg Lynn Lecture: Fast Forward from Animate FORM” , the university of Melboure. <https://msd.unimelb.edu.au/events/greg-lynn-lecturefast-forward-from-animate-form> [9 August 2018] Figure 20. Sucker Punch, “Greg Lynn FORM”, Sucker Punch <http://www.suckerpunchdaily. com/2010/01/10/blobwall-pavilion/> [9 August 2018]

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Chen_Peilu_859989_Part A submission  
Chen_Peilu_859989_Part A submission  
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