Victoria, British Columbia, CANADA Passengers: 22 million Vehicles: 8.7 million Revenue: C$899 (FY 2018) Fleet: 36 vessels (capacities 100-2,100 pax)
When it comes to investing in environ-
Marine Log takes a closer look at some of the world’s top performing ferry operators, highlighting passenger numbers, annual growth and investments in new vessels for the fleet. WASHINGTON STATE FERRIES WSDOT
Seattle, WA, USA Passengers: 24.6 million (FY 2017) Vehicles: 10.64 million (FY 2017) Revenue: $187.68 million (FY 2017) Fleet: 24 vessels The largest ferry system in the U.S., Washington State Ferries (WSF), Seattle, WA, experienced a surge in boardings in 2017, putting its ridership at 24.6 million passengers—it’s highest level since 2002. One of the annual challenges for the service is funding. WSF received delivery of the 144-vehicle, 1,500-passenger Suquamish from Vigor, Seattle, WA, on July 26. Built at
a cost of $122 million, the Suquamish is the fourth ferry of the Olympic Class. WSF is developing a long-range plan to meet the needs of the ferry system through 2040. The plan, which will be delivered to the legislature on Jan. 2, 2019, will identify and recommend additional new vessel needs to replace the oldest ferries and ensure system reliability. To maintain current service, 13 ferries will need to be replaced by 2040 as aging vessels reach retirement age. WSF has also studied the possibility of performing a midlife conversion of its Jumbo Mark II Class ferries to hybrid propulsion.
Mariehamm, Aland Islands, FINLAND Passengers: 6.88 million (2017) Vehicles: 762,253 cars/16,597 buses Revenue: EURO 522.7 million Fleet: 7 vessels Viking Line has been in the forefront of environmental design and construction, since it took delivery in 2013 of the M/S Viking Grace, the first passenger vessel of its size to burn Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). This past spring, the Viking Grace added 26 Marine Log // September 2018
to its environmental legacy, becoming the first passenger vessel to use LNG fuel and wind power. And future plans indicate Viking Line will continue to invest in a green fleet. Last year, it inked a contract with Xiamen Shipbuilding Industry Co., Ltd for a new cruise ship. The new 218m vessel will be 20 percent more energy efficient than the Viking Grace. It will carry 2,800-passengers, will LNG-fueled and have two Roto sails.
mentally friendly technology, BC Ferries has been a frontrunner in the ferries market, investing in hybrid marine and LNG-fueled vessels. The three vessels in its new Salish Class, the Salish Orca, Salish Eagle and Salish Raven, are the first in the BC Ferries fleet to be dual-fuel capable and can operate on either natural gas or ultra-low sulfur diesel. Meanwhile, the operator’s Spirit of British Columbia completed its mid-life upgrade at Poland’s Remontowa Ship Repair in the spring of 2018. The mid-life upgrade includes conversion to dual fuel. The Spirit of Vancouver Island will undergo the same process beginning this fall through the spring of 2019. In April 2017, BC Ferries entered into contract with Damen Shipyard Group for the construction of two minor class vessels. The first steel was cut for the two vessels in April 2018. These vessels will each have a capacity of up to 300 passengers and approximately 47 vehicles. Once placed into service in early 2020, the vessels will allow BC Ferries to retire the 60-year old North Island Princess and the 54-year old Howe Sound Queen. BC Ferries has also issued Requests for Expressions of Interest (RFEOI) for the procurement of five new vessels to replace aging fleet assets. The first RFEOI is for the procurement process for the construction of four 81m Island Class ferries, each with a capacity of 450 passengers and 47 vehicles. The second RFEOI is for the construction of one 107m Salish Class vessel with a capacity of 600 passengers and 138 vehicles. The Island Class ships will be electric hybrid propulsion, while the Salish Class will be fuelled with natural gas.