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Discovery magazine http://www.google.com.eg/imgres? q=skepticism&start=32&num=10&u Science is the Poetry of Life & the art of discovery m=1&hl=en&biw=1024&bih=573&a 1) Will the World end in 2012?

ddh=36&tbm=isch&tbnid=OEm4Bpx 2)Want to know more about Ouija?

pHIMBpM:&imgrefurl=http:// www.terrystarbucker.com/2010/03/ 3)Your Astrological sign‌ Your personality!

28/the-undeniable-value-of4)Heard before about Monster talk?

professional-skepticism/

&a872YrzhqF2IEM&http:// 5)Are Psychic readings real? cdn.281&hovw=179&tx=110&ty=19 6) OMG!! Do Aliens really exist ?

4&sig=116078734205040192120&p 7) HYPNOSIS!!!! age=3&tbnh=125&tbnw=80&ndsp=

24&ved=1t:429,r:18,s:32,i:95


Introduction... Skepticism is demanding evidence for all the scientific theories and prepositions before accepting them. Pseudoscience is a practice mistakenly regarded as being based on scientific methods. There is a relationship between Pseudoscience and skepticicsm!

’It is difficult to say what truth is, but sometimes it is easy to recognize falsehood.’’ Albert Einstein. ‘


Will the world end in 2012?! This subject is very confusing to most of the scientists as there are many things that proof that the world will really end in 2012, also there are many other proofs that say it won’t.


Yes 1)written in the Mayan’s calendar 2)It is believed there will be sun storms 3)The atom smasher 4)The bible says.. 5)Super volcano 6)The physicists 7)Slip-slop-slap BANG!!!

No


Want to KNOW More...?!Thousands of years ago they managed to calculate the length of the lunar

1)The mayan’s calendar:

Thousands of years ago they

managed to calculate the length of the lunar moon as 329.53020 days. The Mayan calendar predicts that the Earth will end on December 21, 2012. Given that they were pretty close to the mark with ‘’the lunar cycle’’.

2) Sun storms: recent solar storms have been bombarding the Earth with so much radiation energy, it’s been getting out power grids and destroying satellites. This activity is predicted to get worse, and calculations suggest it’ll reach the year of 2012 .

3) Atom smasher:

They’re predicting all manner of deadly results,

including mini black holes. So when the world’s largest accelerator is fired up for its first serious experiment in 2012, the world could be crushed into a super-dense blob the size of a basketball.

4)The bible says:

Interpretations of the Christian Bible reveal that

the date for Armageddon, the final battle between Good an Evil, has been set down for 2012.

5)Super volcano:

The Yellowstone volcano has a pattern of

erupting every 650,000 years or so, and we’re many years overdue for an explosion that will fill the atmosphere with ‘’ash’’, blocking the sun and plunging the Earth into a frozen winter that could last up to 15,000 years. Geologists have set 2012 as a likely date for the big bang.

6)The physicists:

Physicists at Berkeley University have

determined that the Earth is waiting for a major catastrophic event. And what’s worse is that their calculations prove, that we’re all going to die and their prediction comes with 99 percent- and 2012 just happens to be the best guess for it to happen

7)Slip–slop-slap BANG:

the magnetic poles have a nasty

habit of changing places every 750,000 years and right now we’re about 30,000 years overdue.


More Skeptical talks...

Ouija Ouija is a board game, that was invented at

Is it DANGEROUS

OR Just a FUN Game

!??!

The time when spiritism was the height of fashion! The main purpose of the game, is to read people’s mind with an energy called ‘’nervous energy’’ !

Nervous energy is the energy that describes the individual’s restlessness and the increase of their activities so they become anxious!. Some people think that the demons can use the Ouija board to give advices that seem to be good & helpful. Other people think that Ouija is just a game. While religious people state that these people are detestable to God as they play such games. How to play?! 1)

place the participants’ fingers on the planchette in the middle of the board.

2)

Ask the board a question

3)

Wait for the planchette to move, without forcing it

4)

Read the letters that the planchette direct to, this is the answer to the question that the participant asked.


More about Ouija & skepticism : As we are talking about topics related to skepticism, no skeptical topic can be considered 100% true NOR 100% false. It’s the knowledge of the mind that determine the false from the true and vice versa. Therefore, in all the skeptic topics people are divided into two categories. The people who truly believe in it, and the others who don’t.

To conclude, Ouija may be considered as just a game OR maybe considered as a scary demond. It is people’s choice to perceive it with their scientific knowledge.


Your Astrological sign...Your personality! Astrology is an old way of Knowledge, where people have Looked up at stars as a source Of inspiration. It is believed that There is a connection between The movement of heavenly bodies and life on earth.

Some reasons why it is Considered pseudoscience ... Astrology is not consistent as astrologers themselves contradict each other and there are different forms of astrology which are incompatible. There are no sufficient evidence to support astrological information. The lack of evidence of how objects in space could influence human being in their character has worked against all astrologists. Repeatability doesn't occur in Astrology As astrologists are unable to repeat their experiments , therefore it is not considered valid or reliable.

Carl Sagan said: ‘’Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence’’


People believe in Astrology because... People believe in Astrology because they are interesting to know more about themselves and their future. There are more than 20 different kinds of astrology for example: zodiac astrology, personality astrology, psychological astrology.. And others. Zodiac astrology is the most kind that is used all over the world. There are 12 different signs. To know your sign You must check your birthday date. Each month has a different sign. The word zodiac refers to twinkling stars that are seem like patterns of animals or configuration of creatures. The zodiac belt is a great circle that surrounds our sun. It moves each month and delivers energy to the signs appearing in the skies. Those signs later on transmit blissful radiations to the earth.


Which sign are you? 1) Aries: Obnoxious 2) Taurus: steadfast 3) Cancer: loyal 4) Leo: inspiring 5) Virgo: Critical 6) Libra: uninteresting 7) Scorpio: overrated 8) Sagittarius: Disloyal 9) Capricorn: angelic 10)Aquarius : selfish 11)Pisces: crazy as hell Now after that You have checked your zodiac.. If you used to believe in them, Do you still do? And if u never believed in them, now u do ? It’s your own choice to believe or not to believe !!


Monster talk & Ghosts A

ghost is defined as “an alleged disembodied spirit of a dead person”. There

hasn’t been any proven evidence or proof of ghosts in over 100 years of research. Many

“ghost hunters” use tools like EMF detectors, video cameras with night vision, and metal detectors to investigate paranormal occurrences. However, these devices weren’t designed to detect ghosts since there aren’t any tools yet for this purpose. Even though the equipment might look scientific, but does that make the investigation scientific?

What people think Many people that already have prior knowledge or interest in monster talk and ghosts believe in their existence. They fear dark and isolated places, like old houses, as they call them haunted. In what they call a “haunted place”, people feel a presence of ghosts accompanied by a drop in temperature and they hear unaccountable sounds. They are not imagining things. However, there are scientific explanations to these drafty situations.


Science explains … The

feeling of a presence of paranormal creatures, accompanied by a drop in temperature and weird sounds can be explained by scientists. Scientists

find tangible sources of the drafts, such as

empty spaces behind walls by infrared sound waves produced by any low profile objects or appliances like extraction fans. Some

scientists believe that electromagnetic fields induce what people consider to be the scary haunting experience.

Did u know that…. 1)The ghost doesn’t realize that it is dead. 2)The ghost has unfinished business in this world. 3)The ghost feels it needs to say goodbye. 4)The ghost wants to offer guidance to a loved one.


Psychic What psychic means…

•They listen and see things than no one else could experience, they get encounters with the extraordinary things. •Psychics are people who have experienced extraordinary and non physical mental processes. These people may experience extraordinary events in many versatile ways. Some of these ways may include: •Spiritualism: the ability to communicate with "spirits" of dead persons.


Psychics

•Psychics might also experience déjà vu, a feeling they get that something has happened before. They usually believe that these feelings are related to reincarnation and past lives. •Telepathy: the ability to communicate thoughts from a distance with another person. •Telekinesis: the ability to move or be able to affect the behaviour of objects from a distance.


Psychics ….reliable and scientific??? •The issue with Psychics is that they never provide reliable evidence of what they experience. Even if a psychic’s guess on the future was true, that still doesn’t mean they are to be relied on. In order to rely on them, they must make a few other correct predictions in order to be believed. •(http://www.scientificpsychic.com/workbook/ chapter1.htm) •In order for psychics to prove their beliefs right, they must follow the scientific method.

•Most people choose to believe in psychics as they themselves might have experienced something of it’s methods. •Others may believe in it as a matter of faith since maybe a psychic might have made a true prediction. •People other than scientists may believe in it as they don’t follow any scientific checklists for experimenting what they encounter.


What about aliens?! •Scientists believe that aliens are species that are not native to planet earth. Scientists had worked hard to discover if any forms of alien life had existed, but had discovered none. There have been some scientists that believe that other forms of life exist other than earth since elements for life had once existed on planets other than earth. Scientists believe that UFOs( unidentified flying objects) are “flying object of an unknown nature, especially one suspected to have been sent by extraterrestrial beings.)


Also... Scientists believe the reason why aliens don’t exist is because all living things share the same characteristics. They all need food and water, to reproduce and excrete, to grow and breathe and to be able to move. Aliens would have to be at least a little like humans, and they aren’t living if they’re living near the sun or traveling at the speed of light all the time.

The SETI project •The project SETI has been designed to search for

extraterrestrial life on planets other than the earth. SETI projects use scientific methods to search for intelligent life on other planets. Did you know that… •Some of the world’s most famous universities such as The search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence had used electromagnetic r Harvard, Berkley and California have addition which is “is a form of energy Emitted and absorbed by charged conducted experiments particles, which exhibits wave-like and researches looking behavior as it travels through space.” for extraterrestrial life in order to know if signs of on planets other than civilizations outside the earth the earth.

had tried to contact it.


Learn more about HYPNOSIS!! It is mainly used to dissolve phobias, crack addictions, lift depressions, and stop panic attacks.

What skeptics say… 

In some cases of suppressed memory therapy,

hypnosis causes patients to believe events that might have never even happened. Intending to heal, hypnotists end up greatly harming patients who trusted them. Moreover, there is almost no evidence of repressed traumatic experiences.


What psychologists say… 

“Most experts agree that hypnosis is an altered

state of consciousness involving highly focused attention and heightened absorption and imagery, increased susceptibility to suggestion, and closer contact with the unconscious,” said Erika Fromm, a psychologist at the University of Chicago, and an expert on the clinical uses of hypnosis. “About 97 percent of people can be hypnotized to some extent,” said Dr. Fromm. “And about 8 percent of people are extremely talented at it.”


Scientific Game Y L J A T M Q S A O E X F H O R G S J J F I B L R R S Q U C J G O K U S P Y I K Q O I U A T P S L O X D I E K Y J B R L X E S N O O H Z N N A F V H T S E P Y D R T J S I H Q C H C T Y J W C K T W Y E I S J L F H H G H L H M S H T V J H D K E H C Y N O I Q A S O K D N M J N A I U M O C O N R G I F I U I R T H S C W C I H T D T D M O N S T E R S U E N K W A T E R K J F Z H S S D C Q D M L R Y O F N F S C L R D L N W Y E C N E I C S O D U E S P H O

ALIENS ASTROLOGY EINSTEIN HYPNOSIS MONSTERS OUIJA PSEUDOSCIENCE


Science is a study that is constantly changing. Theories must be peer reviewed to be 100% SCIENCE! ALL the previous topics are Skeptical because until today nobody found any evidence to prove they are 100% true. They don’t follow the scientific checklist:


Project log Scientific literacy online

Project name

magazine

Members of the group

1)Marina Wahid 2)Farah Reszkana 3)Dina Husseini

Day

Activity

Day1 May1

We met to decide the topic! We all agreed about

Day2 May2

We met to pick the topics, we chose 8 topics: will

scepticism and pseudoscience the world end?, Ouija, Astrology, monster talk, psychic, aliens and hypnosis. We divided the topic on the 3 of us.

Day3 May3

We met to collect the data that each of us

Day4 May4

We started to search about how we will create a

Day5 May5

After the power point was full of all the

brought. website, then we started our power point

information we got, we started to add some pictures

Day6 May6

We chose the name of the magazine and its logo

Day7 May7

We revised the whole project again, then it was

and we changed things about the design

ready to be published


Marina: will the world end in 2012?, Ouija board, pictures & design. Farah: Astrology, Psychic & aliens Dina: Monster talk, hypnosis and edited. The design, layout and everything was created on Microsoft Publisher, then converted into a PDF file Magazine is found on www.issuu.com Game through http://puzzlemaker.discoveryeducation.com References Ghosts. "Ghost." S. Web. 08 May 2012.

<http://www.skepdic. •www.psychic-experiences.com/psychic-tests/ com/ghosts.html>. •http://jared-plotkin.suite101.com/are-there-realpsychics-a93948 •http://www.wisegeek.com/is-there-any-evidence-forpsychic-abilities.htm http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3044607.stm http://www.nytimes.com/1987/03/31/science/hypnosis-still-

provokes-some-skeptics.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm http://www.uncommon-knowledge.co.uk/articles/uncommon-

hypnosis/skepticism.html http://www.skepdic.com/hypnosis.html

http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/2012.html


http://history.howstuffworks.com/central-americanhistory/world-end-in-2012.ht

http://buburuza.net/2008/08/seven-reasons-the-worldwill-end-in-2012-proven-scientifically/

http://www.skepdic.com/ouija.html

http://www.ehow.com/how_4546315_play-ouijaboardplay-ouija-board.html

Scientific project  

online magazine

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