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UNITING THE FRINGE: SMITHFIELD-CLAIRVILLE Latoya Barnett, Keenan Ngo, Mari Jaeva Tomol


MANIFESTO Throughout the city, boundaries demarking different neighbourhoods lead to undeveloped and desolate landscapes. Physical and physcological thresholds make access across neighbourhood borders difficult, especially for pedestrians. On the north-western Toronto fringe, Smithfield-Clairview includes industrial employment which is segregated from residential access. Dismantling the neighbourhood boundaries opens opportunities to reinvigorate dwindling empolyment lands by providing education, manufacturing and housing for different family sizes within a walkable community.


UNITING THE FRINGE

REGIONAL ANALYSIS Land in the city of Toronto is separated by zoning creating compartmentalization of employment, residential and commercial use. A dysfunctional network of highways provides mobility to those with vehicles while hydro corridor infrastructure restricts pedestrian movement through fences and other barriers.

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ZONING Toronto zoning divides land use into separate functions. This creates residential, suburban areas with no employment, and empoyment lands with no housing. Access to mobility is therefore cirtical but predominantly centred around vehicle use at the outer fringes.

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EMPLOYMENT LANDS Employment lands are scattered around the city and are places for business and economic activities. As per the city of Toronto, some examples of permitted use in these areas include manufacturing, warehousing, utilities, and research facilities.

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COMMUTERS The percentage of commuters within each neighbourhood reflects a disproportionate concentration of work in the city focused in the downtown core and east extents.

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REGIONAL ANALYSIS Highways make regional mobility convenient for those with vehicles but along with hydro corridors become barriers to pedestrian movement.

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SITE OVERVIEW Smithfield and Clairville are two neighbourhoods at the north-west fringe of Toronto and are separated by a hydro corridor. The over-arching zoning problem creates three distinct divisions and prevents the site from being fully integrated.

CLAIRVILLE

BARNETT | NGO | TOMOL

Travelling on foot is difficult, and confines Smithfield residents within a car-centric culture. Their heavy reliance on vehicles perpetuates the notion that most people work outside of the area, in spite of the adjacent employment and industrial zones just west of the hydro corridor. Bound by Highway 427 and other infrastructure, it is further isolated from Toronto.

SMITHFIELD

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Smithfield-Clairville 1:25 000


UNITING THE FRINGE

HISTORY

Hwy 27

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ad

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Finch Avenue

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Alb

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Alb

7 Hw y 2

Albion Road

Hw y 27

ion

Hw y 27

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Etobicoke General Hospital

1946

CN Toronto railway reaches Clairville.

1969 Smithfield sees heavy development

1972 Etobicoke General Hospital opens.

1977 Toronto’s sprawl reaches Clairville

1987 Completion of Highway 427; signals the demise of Clairville.

1999 Clairville is rezoned as Employment / Industrial.

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Clairville and Smithfield are mostly farmland.

1960


UNITING THE FRINGE

SITE ANALYSIS The Design Action Zone is divided along the length of the hydro corridor, separating employment lands to the west and housing to the east. A significant portion of land is dedicated to impervious surfaces such as roads and parking lots. Limited green space, insufficient public transportation, and the distance or length of time it takes to walk to various amenities are all indicators of poor walkability within the community.

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DAZ Map 1:25 000 0

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Design Action Zone

Figure Ground

Road Network


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Green Space

Impervious Surfaces

North-South Connections

East-West Connections


UNITING THE FRINGE

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KEY STAKEHOLDERS

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The unified community integrates employment and residential across the site in order to better serve the needs of its residents and to create a more livable neighbourhood.

UNITING THE FRINGE

URBAN STRATEGY They hydro corridor is transformed into a greenway connecting employment and residences through walkability and close proximity. The introduction of different types of housing typologies accomodates evolving family sizes.

PROXIMITY

HOUSING

Better pedestrian connections allowing for walkable and bikeable, paths to amenities and employment.

Employment and amenities in close proximity to residents to reduce vehicle reliance.

New housing typologies that accommodate the changing dynamic and diversities of families and communities of all ages to recirculate families within the same neighbourhood.

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WALKABILITY

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UNITING THE FRINGE

IMPLEMENTATION Existing zoning policy is deconstructed to unite the two neighbourhood fringes and allow for intermingling of residential and employment lands. The addition of multi-purposed buildings provide housing, jobs, amenities and services in close proximity allowing for a walkable community. The unified neighbourhood includes: 1. Better pedestrian connections;

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2. Residential, employment, and amenities in close proximity; and, 3. Housing for different family sizes.

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DAZ Proposal 1:25 000 0

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Connecting major streets and nodes

New arterial roads creating eastwest connections


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Disperse residential and industrial program

Amenities and institutional program

Hydro corridor as a greenway connecting focus sites


EXISTING SITE


UNITING THE FRINGE

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Program Strategy


UNITING THE FRINGE

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Warehouse Intervention Strategies

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Micro Housing Strategy


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Hydro corriodor strategy


PROPOSED SITE

1:1500


1:1500


FOCUS SITE 2


UNITING THE FRINGE

CONSTRUCTION DEMOLITION WASTE

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WASTE AS A RESOURCE

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RESOURCE GENERATION PROCESS

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GREENWAY PERSPECTIVE


The hydro corridor as a connecting greenway between neighbourhoods hosts a variety of programed activities and universal open space where people can come up with the function themselves. Some activities include:

UNITING THE FRINGE

GREENWAY PROGRAM + ACTIVITIES

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RECONSTRUCTION PHASING


INITIATION


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INTERMEDIATE

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FOCUS SITE DESIGN

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The reimagined DAZ improves housing density, increases employment and places amenities in close proximity to residence creating a lively walkable community.

UNITING THE FRINGE

METRIC IMPROVEMENTS

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SECTIONAL PERSPECTIVE


PERSPECTIVE INTO EMPLOYMENT


PEDESTRIAN LANEWAY SECTIONAL PERSPECTIVE


UNITING THE FRINGE

FOCUS SITE 3 The southern most site along the DAZ consists mostly of residential homes, public schools, and landmarks such as the Etobicoke General Hospital and Humber College. Very few amenities can be found within the area, as it is predominantly educational institutions and medical services that are provided.

BARNETT | NGO | TOMOL

FAR: 0.38 No. of Homes: 1000

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Existing Site Map, 1:100


UNITING THE FRINGE

PROPOSED SITE MAP The proposal for the site relies heavily on promoting education and recreation due to its proximity to the Humber ravine and college. Alongside the goal of attracting people of all ages to settle down in the area, various learning opportunities will be made available relating to the manufacturing and employment opportunities north of the site.

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FAR: 2.16 No. of Homes: 2000+

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100

200

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Campus Map, 1:100


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EXTEND DRAW ATTRACT

UNITING THE FRINGE

PARTI DIAGRAMS

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UNITING THE FRINGE

LANDMARKS

HUMBER COLLEGE

STUDENT CENTER

STUDENT HOUSING

MIDRISE APARTMENTS

TEMPORARY HOUSING

RECREATION

CAMPUS BOULEVARDS

SHEER WALLS

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HOSPITAL

HOUSING TYPES

OPEN SPACES SLIDE 45


EXISTING SITE

1:2000


PROPOSED SITE

1:2000


SECTIONAL PERSPECTIVE: ACROSS THE HYDRO CORRIDOR

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SECTIONAL PERSPECTIVE: ACROSS THE BOULEVARD

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FINCH AVENUE (REIMAGINED)


TOWARDS THE RAVINE


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Profile for marijaevatomol

ARC2013 UNITING THE FRINGE  

ARC2013 UNITING THE FRINGE  

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