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Weather for Kids By: Cameron Bargas and Brandon Meyer

Awesome Atmosphere Earth's atmosphere is the layer of gases around the planet Earth. The atmosphere is held in place by Earth's gravity. It is made up of nitrogen and oxygen, with little amounts of argon, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and other gases. Earth's atmosphere protects all life on Earth this is because it absorbs ultraviolet rays from the sun, and balances the temperature from day to night.

Crazy Convection Convection currents pass out the warm air from the equator towards the north and South Pole, they also make the earth’s crust move causing the earth's crustal features change. Convection is one of the major processes that cause ocean currents. The water warmed at the Equator flows north as a warm western boundary current.

Weird Wind currents Wind is the flow of gases. On Earth, wind is mostly the movement of air. Short bursts of wind are called gusts. Strong longer lasting winds are called squalls. There are many other types of winds like a breeze and a gale. Wind moving from west to east are called westerlies and wind moving from east to west are called easterlies.

Occupied Ocean Currents An ocean current is a continuous movement of ocean water from one place to another. Ocean currents are created by wind, water temperature, and the gravity of the moon. The current's direction and speed depend on the shoreline and the ocean floor. They can flow for thousands of miles and are found in all the major oceans of the world.

Hilarious High Pressure A high pressure area is an area where the atmospheric pressure is greater than the rest of the atmosphere. H is used to represent high pressure on a weather map.

Fabulous Fronts A cold front is used to describe the movement of a cooler air mass into an area of warmer air. The air with greater density moves under the less dense warmer air, lifting it, which can cause a line of showers and thunderstorm. Warm fronts usually have stratus and cirrus clouds, but sometimes they also have cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds. Before the warm front passes, there can be rain or snow. While it is passing, there is often light rain or drizzle. An occluded front is a weather pattern. It happens when a cold front joins with a warm front. Cloud and rain form along the occluded front until temperatures become equal as the cold and warm air mix. A stationary front is a boundary between two different air masses, neither of which is strong enough to replace the other. A wide variety of weather can be found along a stationary front, but usually clouds, prolonged precipitation, and storm trains are found there

Loco Low Pressure A low pressure area is a word used in the study of weather that means a place where the atmospheric pressure is lowest compared to the surrounding area. Storms like cyclones are called low-pressure cells.

Hurtful Hurricanes A hurricane is a circular air movement over the warm ocean waters in the warm part of Earth near the equator. Most tropical hurricanes create strong winds and heavy rains. While some tropical cyclones stay out in the sea, others pass over land, which can be dangerous because they can cause a lot of damage!

Twisty Tornados A tornado is a tube of violently spinning air that touches the ground. Wind inside the tornado spins fast, but the actual cylinder of wind around them is massive. This makes tornadoes very dangerous. Tornadoes mostly happen during strong thunderstorms. They cause a lot of damage to anything in the path. Tornadoes are ranked on the Fujita scale, from F0 to F5. The F0 has the lowest wind speed, and the F5 has the highest one.

Sarcastic Sun The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. It is seen in the sky and gives light to the Earth. The Sun gives off energy as electromagnetic radiation. That includes light, infrared energy or heat, ultraviolet light and radio waves. It also gives off a stream of particles, which reaches Earth as solar wind. The source of all this energy is the reaction in the star which turns hydrogen into helium and makes huge amounts of energy.

Wacky Weather Maps A weather map is a tool. It is used to show facts and study of many kinds of meteorological amounts at different levels of the atmosphere quickly. Weather maps have been used both for study and weather forecasting.

Playful Precipitation Any condensation of atmospheric water vapor which is left on the ground. Rain, snow, sleet, dew, frost, hail, and drizzle are all forms of precipitation. If liquid, it can be measured using a rain gauge. The most common form of solid precipitation is snow. Snow is made when temperatures are so cold that water vapor changes directly to solid crystals.

Interesting Isotherm and Isobar Isotherms are lines drawn around places with the same temperature range on isotherm maps. Each point on this line shows one temperature reading, or the average of many temperature readings. Isotherm maps also have scales that tell the signals or colors for the different temperatures.

Continuous Clouds A cloud is water in the atmosphere that we can see. There are 3 types of clouds, cumulus, cirrus, and stratus. Cumulus clouds are usually described as puffy in appearance, and generally have flat bases. Cirrus clouds usually appear white or light gray in color. Stratus clouds look hazy, also know as fog, and are low in the sky varying in color from dark gray to nearly white.

Delusional Dew Point The dew point is the temperature where water vapour condenses into liquid water. All air holds different amounts of water vapour. The dew point shows the amount of moisture in the air. The higher the dew point is, the higher the level of moisture in the air at a given temperature. The dew point of humid air will be higher than the dew point of dry air.

Meteorologist tools and images Meteorologists get images of weather from various satellites. They use various tools such as the Anemometer which is used to record wind speeds. Barometers measure the pressure exerted by the atmosphere. Thermometers are used to measure the temperature. They also use many computers and radars to receive information about storm cells and warn the public.

Who did what Brandon did all of the odds and Cameron did all of the evens. We both worked on the weather map equally.

Period 2, Brandon Cameron, Weather For Kids