1877: The first German steamtrotting track opens up in Kassel
1881: First tram is built by Werner Siemens and used in Lichterfelde near Berlin.
1890: The first underground railways in London, Budapest and Paris.
1803: First steam locomotive for track operation.
1769: First vehicle auctioned by a steam motor in Paris.
1801: Inauguration in London of Steam Taxis, first elitist paid mechanism of transportation.
1800 - 1870
1881: The first electric car. Gustav TrouvĂŠ presents in Paris engine tricycle electro automotive, commercial construction starts of electric cars.
1885: Gasolinepowered car. Carl Benz built a car with an integrated combustion engine.
1895: First Autowith gasoline motor in the north of Renania (Germany) with capacity for many people inside and the divers outside.
1894: The auto motor vehicles started to be commercialized in Europe. The maximum velocity is around 15km/h.
1913: Buenos Aires, Argentina was the first Latin American city to promote and create the “Subway”
1908: 25 July Inauguration of the Train Quito-Guayaquil
1901: Transportation of people in big cities in the new “Autobuses”.
1903: It appeared the first Auto-bus in London and then in Russia, with capacity for 10 people with speed of 10km/h.
1900 1901: France and Germany promoted the massive construction of auto-motor vehicles. Oil discovered in Texas (TEXACO) promoted the cheaper gasoline.
1900: Sidewalks. At the world exhibition in Paris in 1900 to move the wooden bands running visitors through the exhibition areal.
1911: The Quito Tramways Company started the construction of the electrical TRAMS. 1914: The Quito Tramways Company open on 8th October
1903: Foundation of Ford motor Company in USA (for benefices America).
1910 1906: There is not date for the first arrived car to Quito, but for 1906 there was a cars enterprise known as “La Veloz”. It brought from France 6 huge passengers cars and their respective drivers.
1910: Mass production. Henry Ford opens up a production facility for vehicles with internal combustion engine, it undercut the price of the cars.
1914: Installation of the first generation of traffic lights in Cleveland (USA).
1931: Inauguration of the first metro line in London with 6 Km. At the same time in New York was inaugurated the West End line totally separated of the traffic of the city. 1921: Was constructed the new 9km North TRAM Line from Colon Avenue to Cotocollao in Quito.
1920: Almost all large and medium cities in Europe, North and South America and Australia grew over trams.
1923: North TRAM Line was opened, and functioned during 5 years.
1920: Evolution of the external design of the buses, it starts the new generation of urban buses, auto-buses, inter urban buses with or without platform for stand up passengers, with or without trunk and different configuration of doors.
1939: The model project â€œFuturamaâ€?. Present by General Motors in New York at the world exhibition. It shows the future vision of an optimized traffic flow in the 1960s. 12-highways lines with radio control of distances and speed control.
1948: The Quito Tramways Company closed on 1948.
INCUBATION OF THE PROBLEMATIC OF TRANSPORTATION IN QUITO 1964: Project Archigram: â€œDrive in Housingâ€?: The car is considered as a component of the dwelling.
1949: The first association of urban transport opened, and with it the first syndicate of professional drivers, in quito
1945: In USA started again the manufacture of motor vehicles.
1956: The geologist Marion King Hubbert forecasts the American high point of the peak oil during the 1970s and the global effects until he 1990s.
1945: With the increase in number of registered cars, the traffic is gaining importance and the displacements in favor of motorized tram or buses at the cities.
1950: During the 1950s decade, Ecuador experimented an important deep change based in a new economical model supported by the production and exportation of the Banana.
1953 - 1957: The income obtained by the government permitted make more investments in infrastructure and transportation including the development axis QuitoGuayaquil.
1964: 1st Generation. White bike plan, Amsterdam.
1963: Was promoted the first Transit Law. Were created then private organizations with the objective to regulate and control the national transportation.
1969: Mexico City built their web, which it constitutes the biggest rail way in Latin America until these days.
1974: Brazil opened the metro web in Sao Paulo
1975: Chile inaugurated de L1 and the L2 in Santiago
1974: In Curitiba begin the insertion of the BRT systems.
1964: Project of the personal rapid transit in Germany.
1977: The bus price per trip was incremented in 40% provoking the called “Guerra de los 4 reales”, was one of the first important conflicts related with the urban transportation in the country.
1966: Was created the National Council of LandTransit.
1964: Notion of a concept for a car with an integrated shopping cart, from GM, at the world exhibition in New York.
1979: Brazil opened the metro web in Rio de Janeiro.
1974: In Amsterdam start the Car sharing project.
1964: Project Archigram: “Walking city”
1964: The First Agrarian Reform initiated on 1964. Combined the economical objectives with the social priorities of colonization of no ones land in the cities by the farmers.
1972: The discovery of oil deposits approached the country to the international market. The government got a huge quantities of economical resources to finance the economical and social processes.
1975: Personal rapid transit in USA, project for Morgantown.
1980: Went into de Metro Wave cities such as: Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Recife, Porto Alegre y Teresina en Brazil.
1986: Peru began the construction of the Electrical Train/Metro de Lima until it inauguration in 2011.
1980: The municipality created the Municipal Enterprise of Transports. Starts with the operation of the 2 stairs buses and articulated buses.
1987: Mexico opened the Metro in Guadalajara, Monterrey, Nuevo Le贸n and Mexico City. Venezuela was the fifth Latin American country in to build a web of metros in Caracas.
1988: Valencia, Spain opened a combined web of metro/cercan铆as (Metro Valencia) functioning in the periphery as a tram and into de the city as a metro.
1981: Was built the biggest auto-bus in the world with capacity for 342 passengers, 2 levels and 4 axes.
INCREASE OF THE PRIVATE CARS AND POPULATION IN QUITO
1990: During the 1990s it built the metros in Medellin-Colombia; Bilbao-Spain; Concepcion-Chile.
1990: It starts the project to install the trolley bus system, part of The Master Plan for Transportation in Quito.
1995: “An Authentic Revolution” On Sunday, 17th December 1995 was inaugurated the Trolley Bus Service in Quito.
1990: Since May on 1990 the Municipal Enterprise of Transport established the “Free tickets” for children under 6 years old; people more than 65 years old and people with disabilities.
1991: Increase rate of national public transportation, more subsidy.
1992: Increase the rates for second time instead of the subsidy.
1992: In San Francisco started the frist movement for Fridays by Bici.
1996: It completes the 2nd face of the system, form “El Recreo” to “La Colon” including 18 more units of articulated electrical buses, completing 32 units; 170.000 users per day. 1993: Increase the rates for the urban transports according to the new categorization “popular”, “executive” and “selective”; it increases the demand of units.
1999: Project “Ecovía”. BRT with exclusive line over the “6 de Diciembre” Avenue, with ecological articulated buses (low contaminating emissions); own by private transporting agencies.
1996: On 6th March 1996 The City Council anounce teh resolution, in which they order to take, buses over 20 years of circulation, out. (1.106 units).
1994: In Mexico FD started also the movemet to revalorized the Bikes as mechanisim of solve the traffic problems in the city. 1995: During the election for the City Hall the journalists express: “The Trolley bus will be the great elector of the City Hall. A work of such magnitude will not go unnoticed by the citizens. With good Trole Mahuad Win, with bad Trole, Mahuad loose and with Late Trole Mahuad will have to fight...”
1995: 2nd Generation Bicycle, Copenhagen.
1996: In Quito and Santiago de Chile began the fights to develop the project “Free Sundays”
1996: “El buserato” On January, 1996 the journalist published: “It does not take a detective to guess that if the controls work, the rest Chaos succumb to the advance of the new system sooner rather than later”. Heavy fighting between the carriers and the municipality. Buses block and hinder the traffic of Quito in opposition to the new measures.
1999: “The collapse of the banking system during the presidency of Jamil Mahuad (1998-2000), is consider the biggest financial crisis in the history of Ecuador.
2000: 3er face of Trole system, from “El Recreo” to “Estación Norte La Y” in the north of the city. It inaugurates the extension in the south of the city to “Morán Valverde” the station until “Estación Norte La Y”. 2000: The useful period for the buses was reduced form 20 years to 15 years, to reduced the contaminating emissions.
2002: “Ecovía” started its operations on November.
2001: *January 2001 new controls for the buses were established: gas emissions, technical specifications of the units for safety. Implementation of Groups of control of the permission for circulation of the buses. * Definitive incorporation of the “buses tipo” (zero categories).
2004: “Metro Bus” started the operations however the circuit was not ready yet.
2003: Open new “Vehicle Revision centers” for private and public auto-motors. This revision forms part of the new requirements for the annual matriculation.
2009: Proposal to develop the New Transportation System in Quito: MetroQ.
2012: In October start the construction of the MetroQ.
2010: 80 new articulated buses were implemented for the “SouthCentral Corridor” as part of the MeroQ system.
2012: Redesign and construction of 26 new stations for the “North Central Corridor from “La Delicia” Station to “San Gabriel”. Plus 80 articulated buses for the trolley bus system.
2008: Personal Rapid Transit. Project for Cities 21 Home in Silicon Valley of California.
2005: 3rd Generation. Velo’v in Lyon. IN Quito. Was created the non profit organization Biciaccion, to develop the project “Ciclopaseos” once per week. 2000: * New Mayor for the city belong to another political party signified the end of one era and the beginning of another one for the transportation of Quito. *On 11th January 2000 the country is dollarized to 25.000 SUCRES by 1 DOLLAR. However the increase in inflation in the same year demonstrated that the currency change is not compatible with the economical reality of the country.
2006: Creation of the “ART in the Trolley bus”, for promotes cultural and artistic events.
2012: *Creation of “Park and ride” stations for bikes. In BRT Station in Quito, Ecuador. *On 15th July BiciQ, starts the bike sharing system from, The Historical Center to the Northe until “La Y”. 2007-2008: The government was focused in the development of the infrastructure, transportation, communication, energy, housing education and agriculture.
2012: *Official opening of the New International Airport Of Quito in Tababela. It is located 1 hour from the city center in direction to the North west. *It is estimated than 110.000 habitants in Quito use the public system of transportation.
2014: Opening of the MetroQ
Timeline of the idiosyncrasy and mobility in QUito and the world