PORTFOLIO + TEXTS MARIANNA KAPSIMALI ARCHITECT ENGINEER NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
MARIANNA KAPSIMALI ARCHITECT ENGINEER NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
contents THESIS PROJECT : WATER, LIGHT, SOUND: EXPERIENCING THE SPACE OF MODERN BATH
WINERY IN SANTORINI WITH GUEST HOUSES
CULTURAL CENTER FOR ARTISTS AND RESEARCHERS
THEATER, MUSIC AND DANCE CENTER IN OMONOIA
A COMMERCIAL AXIS _ CONNECTION OF TWO SQUARES
ATHENS ARCHITECTURE WORKSHOP_1st A.A.W. LARISSIS STATION
WATER, LIGHT, SOUND: EXPERIENCING THE SPACE OF MODERN BATH
THESIS PROJECT 2011 ACADEMIC|N.T.U.A.
SUPERVISOR: PROF. P.TOURNIKIOTIS DATE OF PRESENTATION: OCTOBER 2011 COLLABORATION: ARTEMIS PEFANI
INTRODUCTION The present thesis analyses two modern baths, in comparison with three parameters: water, light and sound. The modern baths, in question, are Les Bains des Docks, by architect Jean Nouvel, placed in the harbor of Havre in France and Therme Vals in Switzerland, by Peter Zumthor. The purpose of this thesis is to look at the basic principles that compose the atmosphere inside a bath, to interrogate the way that all these elements are taken into consideration by the architect and to understand their effects on visitors psychology. More, it tries to demonstrate that handling these principles are beyond simply solving a plan or a form and to show that they are involved in a profound design.
‘ I have a passionate desire to design such buildings, buildings that, in time, grow naturally into being a part of the form and history of their place...’ Peter Zumthor
‘ I will not photograph the interiors of the Therme without water. In this case water is a material essential to the architecture, it is a material one can immerse oneself into’ ‘...bathers take the water with them when they leave the pool and in this way produce temporary, unexpected patterns on the floor’ Helen Binet, photographer
THE PARAMETERS Water Water is one of the features creating space. It characterizes and determines the use of the bath, more than anything else. Its handling defines the formation and the design of the internal spaces. If water did not exist, the meaning of these spaces would be lost. The way that the architect uses water, results in designing diverse watery conditions and consequently in the appearance of several internal situations. Light According to Peter Zumthor, the building is designed as a pure mass of shadows. Then light, as a unique mass, diffuses into it, penetrating the darkness. The effects of light, as it comes into space, enable the reader to recapitulate what really matters inside the building. The alteration of warm and cold light and the dancing of shadows affect the visitor’s perception about the form, the materials and the colors of the building. All these variations, eventually, shape the visitor’s emotions.
picture1: view of baths in Vals picture 2: moving from internal to external pools picture 3,5: view of the interior ‘rooms’ for bath of Therme Vals picture 4,6: view of the external swimming pool picture 7: in front of the changing-rooms
Sound Sound, as an element, revives the internal space. It is created by the interplay between people, who use the space and space itself. Peter Zumthor, supports, that ‘Interiors are like large instruments, collecting sound, amplifying it, transmitting it elsewhere’. The way that the spaces are organized and the materials are chosen, controls the sounds that are created, producing different experiences. The sounds of people acting, speaking, shouting and laughing are amplified in these public spaces. Considering that these places emphasize the mental purification and the decongestion of stress, the precise design of sound is a prerequisite for successful operation.
picture1: view of baths in Havre picture 2: view from the interior swimming pools in Les Bains des Docks picture 3: view of the external pools picture 4,5,6: different parts of the main facade
‘ It is paradox, a building on a harbor scale, inspiring simplicity and robustness, but which betrays its complexity as soon as one penetrates its volumes. One enters a universe of whiteness and depths.’
‘ The task of the architect is to encompass everything about the site, starting from the concrete conditions and the sensory impressions created by those, to memories of the place, through empathy to vision.’
‘...i must say that i love the human voice...for me the human voice is the most essential thing...’
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 THE OBJECT OF THESIS 1.2 THE PURPOSE OF THESIS 1.3 INTRODUCTION IN TWO MODERN BATHS 2. ANALYSIS OF BATHS BASED ON THE ELEMENT OF WATER 2.1 WATER, AS PARAMETER IN THE DESIGN 2.2 ANALYZING THE WAY OF DEALING WITH THE WATER IN LES BAINS DES DOCKS 2.3 ANALYZING THE WAY OF DEALING WITH THE WATER IN THERME VALS 2.4 THE EFFECTS OF WATER IN DESIGN - COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO CASES 3. ANALYSIS OF BATHS BASED ON THE ELEMENT OF LIGHT 3.1 LIGHT, AS PARAMETER IN THE DESIGN 3.2 ANALYZING THE WAY OF DEALING WITH THE LIGHT IN LES BAINS DES DOCKS 3.3 ANALYZING THE WAY OF DEALING WITH THE LIGHT IN THERME VALS 3.4 THE EFFECTS OF LIGHT IN DESIGN - COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO CASES 4. ANALYSIS OF BATHS BASED ON THE ELEMENT OF SOUND 4.1 SOUND, AS PARAMETER IN THE DESIGN 4.2 ANALYZING THE WAY OF DEALING WITH THE SOUND IN LES BAINS DES DOCKS 4.3 ANALYZING THE WAY OF DEALING WITH THE SOUND IN THERME VALS 4.4 THE EFFECTS OF SOUND IN DESIGN - COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO CASES 5. CONCLUSIONS OF THE ANALYSIS
6. BIBLIOGRAPHY 11
CONCLUSION These modern baths present two different techniques in their design, according to the analyses in three parameters, which were mentioned above. An exchange between the visitor and the buildings is created, in both of them. The atmosphere of the space communicates with the user and his existence, boosting and livening the interior. Everything that exist inside the building: the objects, the people, the air, the smells, the sounds, the colors, the materials, the temperature, the textures, the light and the water, shape a unique atmosphere that interacts with the emotions and the psychology of the visitor. The buildings are designed for this purpose. The different perception of the internal space and the ‘seduction’ of the people depend on how successfully these buildings can serve this purpose.
‘We want architecture to have more. Architecture that bleeds, that exhausts, that whirls, and even breaks. Architecture that lights up, that strings, that rips, and under pressure, tears. Architecture should be cavernous, fiery, smooth, hard, angular, brutal, round, delicate, colorful, obscene, voluptuous, dreamy, alluring, repelling, wet, dry, and throbbing. Alive or dead. Cold - then cold as a block of ice. Hot - then hot as a blazing wing. ...Architecture must blaze...’ Coop Himmelblau
DIPLOMA PROJECT 2012
WINERY IN SANTORINI WITH GUEST HOUSES
SUPERVISOR: PROF. T.PAPAIOANNOU DATE OF PRESENTATION: 18 JULY 2012 RESEARCH PROJECT The subject of this thesis is the design of a winery in Santorini, where guests are given the opportunity of observing the production process. Limited guest houses in the landscape add the option of a stronger connection with the enviroment and the vines. The winery is located in the largest agricultural part of Santorini. The main objectives of the study are the strenghtening of vineyards in order to recover the wine production on the island, and the boost of tourism through a common pathway which can be beneficial.
scenario sketch: genaral overview of the proposal picture below: main section of the project
pictures above: the landscape of the project. It is placed in the center of Santorini island, in the â€œriversâ€? that created by the Mountain Profitis Ilias.
picture 1: plan of level -9.00 picture 2,3: models of the project picture 4: general plan of the proposal
The central idea is to develop a strictly linear path that starts from the edge of the upper level of the landscape, continues across it, enters the earth and from within the lower level continues to the guest houses. The biggest part of the building is inside the earth. This design allows for preservation of the natural landscape. The height difference between the two levels of the landscape is crucial as it allows the downward natural flow of wine. Moreover, the internal structure of the building, is designed in such a way as to create a visual and audio contact. Extra ventilation and lighting inside the building is ensured with the use of skylights.
picture 5: parameters that affected the design process picture 6: sketch of the design process
cross-section of the project
west facade of the project
north facade of the project
east facade of the project
picture 5: the construction of the building seperates in two stages. the first, is the excavation of the biggest part of the project and the replacing of the soil, after. The second one, the lowest level, is formed as the tranditional houses in Caldera of Santorini, which are â€˜perchedâ€™ on the rocky cliffs. the soil is subtracted horizontal. Then, the two spaces are connected. 5
picture1: model of the project - crosssection picture 2: details of the models picture 3: across-sections of the project picture 4: south facade of the project
pictures in this page: sketches pictures in next page: views of the interior
picture 1: map of Athens, Acropolis and Plaka neighborhood
CULTURAL CENTER FOR ARTISTS AND RESEARCHERS
picture 2: the plot of the project 3
ACADEMIC ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN 2009 SUPERVISOR: PROF.J.KIZIS STUDIO 6|N.T.U.A COLLABORATION:ARTEMIS PEFANI
picture 3: the proposal
The project is placed in Plaka, the old city, below the rock of Acropolis. It is a space for artists and researchers, where they can develop their ideas and promote them in a hall, inside the center.
The concept of this project is the direct contact of the laboratories with the outdoor space, in order the teams to make use of it. Thus, the more public spaces are risen high, due to the view to Acropolis. The main element in this composition is a stairwell, placed, almost, in the center of the plot. It links the different levels from the two volumes of the building. An axis passes through the plot, connects the two roads that confine it, creating two entrances. picture 4: north facade
picture 5: view of the north facade picture 6: plans of the main levels of the project picture 7: sketches: the different levels of the center the stairwell in the center of the plot the two basic volumes 5
picture 1: cross-section picture 2: models of the project
picture 3: south facade picture 4: sketch of the plan picture 5: sketch of the north facade
There are, roughly, two basic levels. The first level consists of the laboratories that are placed bilateral of the outdoor space. In the same level there is a waiting room, where someone can be informed about the activities. All these are in street level. The second part contains a two-level hall for the presentation of the ideas and a cafĂŠ. The openings in the facades are according to the orientation of the building. In the South there are more openings in correlation with the North faĂ§ade.
this page: across-section next page: views of the interior space of the center
THEATER, MUSIC AND DANCE CENTER IN OMONOIA
ACADEMIC ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN 2010
SUPERVISOR: PROF. LIAKATAS - PECHLIVANIDOU STUDIO 7|N.T.U.A COLLABORATION:ARTEMIS PEFANI
This project deals with a site located in the center of Athens and particularly near Omonoia square. The site is a former shopping center, which is now closed. It is asked to design a new building from the start and to define a use for it.
The main concern of the project is to revive this blighted area through a number of activities that could be absorbing for the pedestrians. As a result, a theater, music and dance center, where people can take part in groups and learn, is created. Furthermore the center includes a concert hall for the presentation of these activities
and for any other cultural events.
area of the project
picture 1: the former shopping center picture 2: view of Omonoia square picture 3: the empty plot of the project picture 4,5: the specific area of the project - connection with Omonoia square
foyer stairwell music section
picture 1: view of the street picture 2: fuctional diagram
The project tries to adjust the existing conditions of the area. The main part of the building, is placed in the main street. The height of the building follows the height of the other blocks, preserving the remaining and continuous face of the street, filling the gap. The concept of this project is to create a building in levels that host the activities that are mentioned before. Each floor has a unique use. The last two floors contain the concert hall and the foyer, which are visible from the street. picture 1: east facade of building picture 2: cross-section
On the other side of the plot there is only the volume that includes the dance activities. This side is almost unbuilt. A cafĂŠ and a library are found in a lower level. These spaces are accessible through a small in size square, behind the main volume of the building. The roof of the library is in the level of the road, producing a public zone for pedestrian precinct. The hall and the foyer, in the upper levels of the center, are visible due to their forms. The compact volume of the hall is in contrast with the transparency of the foyer. A balcony in the same level, is used as an extension of the cafĂŠ built inside. The shape of the hall reveals the function of it, as the form follows the slope of the seats of the concert hall. A stairwell is placed between the main volume and the volume of dance activities, in order to distribute the movements in different levels.
plan level 0.00
plan level +11.00
A COMMERCIAL AXIS_ CONNECTION OF TWO SQUARES INTERFERENCE IN KOUMOUNDOUROY SQUARE ACADEMIC ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN 2010 SUPERVISOR: PROF. A.KOURKOULAS STUDIO 9|N.T.U.A COLLABORATION:ARTEMIS PEFANI
This project refers to the creation of a commercial axis, in the center of Athens, which will connect two of the main streets of the city, Peiraios and Stadiou. The ends of this axis are two substantial squares: Koumoundourou and Klathmonos square. The idea of the commercial axis is based not only on the exchanging commodities that exist in the area, but also on the two important food markets (the vegetable and meat market) that are located there too. The commercial, pedestrian street crosses six blocks and connects two squares. In some part the route has already been constructed, and in other blocks, it is extended through them. The entrances from Peiraios street and from Stadiou street as well as the square that hosts the vegetable market and the meet market are redisigned and some of the blocks are expropriated.
picture in this page : map of the center of Athens
Above: Model of the area in the center of the city, which is examined. The roads that create the historical â€˜triangleâ€™ are Stadiou and Peiraios streets. The commercial axis is almost vertical in two major roads, with black colour and connects the two public spaces. On the right side is Klauthmonos square and on the left side is Koumoundourou square. Koumoundourou square is concluded in the red circle. In this site, we interfer.
pictures: views of the area in the center of historical triangle
While working on this concept, the influence of the irregular shapes of the open spaces inside the blocks, determined the idea. These shapes could be described as an ‘eating’, a gap inside a compact block. The idea of the ‘eating’ is also repeated in the section through the form of the arcade. pictures above: the existing commercial character of the area picture below: it shows the commercial axis, that is designed and the diversity of sections in different sites of the axis.
picture below: diagrammatical section of the project in Koumoundourou public library housing complex
picture 1,2,3: model of the project in square Koumoundourou
INTERFERENCE IN KOUMOUNDOUROU SQUARE The area, that is chosen for a precise planning, is the entrance from Peiraios street. Koumoundourou square is joined with the northern block, which is connected with the commercial axis and it is demolished. The end of this route is a platform that consists of the square and the previous block and it has the same direction with Peiraios street. Below the surface of this platform there are the right conditions for the existence of commercial activities. Moreover, two narrow buildings are designed, being parallel with Peiraios street. The first building, a public library, is placed on the street and the second one is situated opposite the other and it is a complex of apartments.
general plans pictures 1,2: across sections of the project picture 3: cross-section picture 4,5: sketches of the platform 3
picture 1: main plan picture 2: sketch of the platform pictures 3,4: model of the area
view of the libraryâ€™s interior space
picture 1,2,3: model of the library in square Koumoundourou picture 4: section and west facade picture 5: plan of library, level +8.50
view of the apartmentâ€™s interior space
housing complex picture 1,2 : plans of the housing complex picture 3 : section and the west facade picture 4,5 : plans of an apartment of the complex
Urban network/Establishing the missing connections
Topography/Section of the city
Measured space/Hierarchy of the project elements
ATHENS ARCHITECTURE WORKSHOP 1st A.A.W. URBAN DESIGN, ATHENS 2009
LARISSIS STATION GRUPPO: ANDREA SCIASCIA, VALTER TRONCHIN _ PALERMO VENICE The city of Athens raises to the north of the Acropolis in a vast plain of the Attica peninsula, dotted with low hills and surrounded by mountains, unfolding to the south towards the sea. Seven sites have been chosen for the purposes of this workshop, located between the ancient and the 19th century areas of the city center. These sites, have diverse characteristics due to their location, ranging from residual areas within the consolidated urban fabric, to areas in direct relation with the geological formation in the center of the urban environment of the city. picture picture
1: view of Athens from Acropolis 2: the typical Greek polykatoikia tenement
‘from void to space’
This project examines the site of the railway station of Peloponisos, which is in the west side of Omonoia square. Nowadays, the station has turned out to be a ‘wound’ for the urban cohesion. This station is a boundary between the two existing neighborhoods. These areas, in the east and in the west, have a difference in height level, which strengthens the discontinuation of the city. The two sites are connected by an overpass, which takes upon itself the everyday flow of the pedestrians. picture picture
1: the area of Larissis station 2: diagram of the area, connections and roads
The three proposals for the project are linked with three diverse artists, Carla Accardi (picture 1_a), Giorgio de chirico (picture 2_b), Lucio Fontano (picture 3_c)
‘the three proposals’ We suggest three proposals, which try to convert this urban void to space.
The first attempts to fill the gap by ‘sewing’. Different platforms, in diverse levels begin from one side or from the other, trying to connect the two areas. Below them, the operation of the railway continues to exist. The second solution consists of a huge platform, all in the same height. Above it, there is a composition of figures that contain different uses, commercial or cultural. These forms are geometrical shapes that are placed in this platform, such as shapes in abstract art. The last proposal forms a landscape that is created by a curve, parallel in the main axis of the railway station, seems like a crevice in the land.
pictures: views of the station and the wider area
‘connecting by sewing’
Carla Accardi The first solution is connected with the paintings of Carla Accardi. The shapes that are mixed together, represesnt the attempt to connect the areas bilateral to the station with the way of ‘sewing’
3 pictures in next page : plans of the main levels picture 1 : painting of Carla Accardi picture 2,3: conceptual sketches
picture in this page : model of the project picture in next page: sections and renderings
sketches of Santorini
Name: Maria-Anna Kapsimali Birth: 4th November 1988
EDUCATION 2006-2012 Architect-Engineer National Technical University of Athens (general graduate note:8.74/10)
‘LIFO’ journal (issue No239 10/3/2011) ‘The center of Athens in a restarting mode’
EXHIBITIONS WORKSHOPS 2011 2010|nov. Architecture Workshop in Museum Benaki in collaboration with EPFL (professors guided architectural project: Andreas Kourkoulas, Ariadni Vozani)
Participation in the exhibition of Architecture workshop in Design Lab Show, Technopolis,Gazi,May
1st Athens Architecture Workshop, urban design atelier: Andrea Sciascia-Valter Tronchin|Palermo,Venice
Autocad, Rhino, 3ds Max, Adobe Photoshop, InDesign, Office Languages: English (C2), German (B1) Hand drawings & sketches