What is HIV? The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. Infection with the virus results in the progressive deterioration of the immune system, leading to "immune deficiency. What is AIDS? Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a term which applies to the most advanced stages of HIV infection
According to estimates by WHO and UNAIDS, 35.3 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2012. That same year, some 2.3 million people became infected, and 1.6 million died of AIDS-related causes. The main countries with the highest number of cases 1 2 3 4 5
South Africa Nigeria India Kenya Mozambique
5,600,000 3,300,000 2,400,000 1,500,000 1,400,000
HIV can be transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal), and oral sex with an infected person; transfusion of contaminated blood; and the sharing of contaminated needles, syringes or other sharp instruments. â€˘
Some ways to prevent AIDS
-Use male or female condoms correctly each time you have sex. -Practice only non-penetrative sex. -Remain faithful in a relationship with an uninfected equally faithful partner with no risk behaviour. -Abstain from sex.
-If you have sex when you’re sober, you’re more likely to be safe. -The only way to be sure of your HIV status is to get tested. -HIV can be transmitted from mother to child via breast milk -Use safe sex materials such as male and female condoms, dental dams, and finger cots
The main means to combat AIDS are:
- Intensified case finding for active TB - Isoniazid preventive treatment - TB infection control - Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy.
Ways to combat AIDS have evolved quite From Monotherapy to Combination Therapy. In 1986 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first antiviral drug zidovudine. For people living with HIV disease, as well as professionals working with them, the news about the effectiveness of combination therapies that emerged in 1996. The introduction of antiviral medications used in combination is among the most important advances in the history of HIV/AIDS treatment.
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