FIGHTING AIDS The number of people affected by HIV around the globe is of 35 million, only 34% of those receive treatment and in 2012, 2.3 million people were newly infected. The enormous number of people infected every day is of 6300. 5,6
This graph represents the rate of people living with AIDS in the world. As you can see the most affected countries are from Africa because is a poor country without medical care.
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For preventing AIDS there are some steps, if you follow them you will have less probabilities of having it or spreading to others: Abstinence: Simply choose not to have sex. Sober Sex: If youâ€™re drinking or taking drugs, you are more apt to get into a situation where safer sex practices falter or fail altogether Latex and Polyurethane Barrier Methods: Use safe sex materials such as male and female condoms, dental dams, and finger cots when engaging in sexual activity. Do not use male and female condoms at the same time! Fewer Partners/Monogamy: The fewer sex partners you have, the more you reduce your risk of HIV infection. Needle Exchange/Clean Your Works: Always use new, unused needles or clean your works by flushing the needle and plunger with water and bleach each time you use an intravenous drug syringe. Do not share.
Pregnancy: If you are HIV positive and think you may be pregnant, you should contact your doctor immediately to discuss your options. There are medications that you can take during your pregnancy to reduce your babyâ€™s risk of being HIV positive. Breastfeeding: HIV positive mothers should not nurse a child. HIV can be transmitted from mother to child via breast milk. Getting Tested: The only way to be sure of your HIV status is to get tested.
The fight against HIV is extended worldwide, there are lots of organizations fighting against it and trying to discover the definitive vaccine for it. The UN has a program called UNAIDS in which collaborates many organizations. It aims to combat the spread of HIV.
There are also other non-profit organizations which are active in raising funds, research, treatment, support and spreading awareness for HIV/AIDS:
Firstly HIV wasn´t as known as now, the first time that the scientists started to investigate about it was in 1981. After it, it appeared some medicines: antiviral drug zidovudine, a class of drugs formally known as nucleoside analog reverse. After 1991, several other nucleoside analogs were added to the anti-HIV arsenal its function was to prevent an already infected cell from producing more copies of HIV. Antiviral therapy for HIV-infected was created but it was a great variation in effectiveness among individuals. After all this medicines they discovered that the combination antiviral therapy leaded to improve health. However this therapy doesn´t achieve the objective of the scientist of making a medicine for eradicate AIDS but after the spread of the medicine around the world the number of AIDS deaths has greatly reduced.
AN EXTRAORDINARY CASE: In Mississippi a baby received an early treatment 30 hours after bird and has been cured.
MARÍA TERÁN VÁZQUEZ 3ºC