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Welcome to this our fourth and final newsletter. We have all really enjoyed our visits to the Comenius countries and have received very warm welcomes from all the children, teachers and friends. Thank you to everyone involved and may the links that have been made between our countries continue. May 2010

Newsletter number 4

History, traditions and culture Contents; Hungary……………………………………………..……….pages 3 - 8 Iceland……………………………………………..……….pages 9 - 14 Italy………………………………………………..……….pages 15 - 20 Spain……………………………………………………….pages 21 - 25 France…………………………………………………….pages 27 - 32 Wales…………………………………………………….…pages 33 - 38

The coat of arms arms of the town

The Brief History of Our Town, Veszprém The Town of Queens According to local legend, Veszprém was built on seven hills.

Veszprém had an important religious role during the fight to make Christianity. Our first king ST. Stephen defeated the armies of his opponent, Koppány, near Veszprém. Koppány was cut into four pieces which were displayed on the walls of the four major strongholds of the Kingdom (one piece in Veszprém) as a warning to all troublemakers. Veszprém was among the first Hungarian cities to have a university students studied law and arts here. The university was destroyed by fire in 1276, after which Veszprém became a university town again in the 20th century.

Veszprém was the favourite town of Queen Gizela, the wife of St. Stephen. For centuries, the queens of Hungary were crowned by the bishop of Veszprém. The town is still often called "the town of queens.” St Stephen invited foreign priests to Hungary to evangelize his kingdom. He introduced the Latin alphabet instead of using runes. He became one of the most popular saints in Hungary, and his birthday is celebrated as a state holiday commemorating the foundation of the nation.

The statue of St. Stephen and Queen Gizela in the castle (by Pesti Bianka 3.A)

The name of the city comes from the Slavic word Bezprym, which was originally a personal name or from German WeissBrunn-white well. St.Stephen’s crown and his signature

Kinizsi Castle in Nagyvázsony near Veszprém

Festivals in Veszprém county January- Veszprém: Brusznyai Award given to a teacher and a student every year. (This year one of our teachers, Ms Sárfi was given the award) June – Veszprém : Kabóciadé – Puppet Festival

The castle belonged to Pál Kinizsi, who was a Hungarian general in the army of king Matthias Hunyadi (Corvinus). He is famous for his victory over the Ottomans in the Battle of Kenyérmező ( Breadfield) in October 1479. According to a legend he danced a victory dance after the battle with a captured Turk under each arm and a third held by his belt in his teeth.

May-Veszprém: Gizella’ s Days

July – Balatonfüred – Anna - Ball: this year: 185th JulyHe is also a hero of some Veszprém: other folk tales along with Street king Matthias as an extremely Music strong miller's apprenctice. Festival According to these tales, the

Now there are Medieval Games held in Nagyvázsony where brave people can also show their strength.

king was hunting near the mill where Kinizsi worked and asked for a drink. Kinizsi, to show his strength, served the cup on a millstone. The king, impressed, took him into his service. His sterngth, courage and loyalty earned him rapid promotion. You can read the legend on our blog. (by classes 2.a and 3.a)

July/August – Veszprém : Classical Music Festival September/October: (in the Castle) Badacsony: Vintage -Bada csony: Vintag e

AugustNagyvázsony: Medieval Games in the castle area

The most important events of the Hungarian History

by Simon Márton 6.A

The coat of arms of the country

The middle of 9th century Árpád unified the Magyar tribes via the Covenant of Blood. Magyars became one nation known as the Hungarian nation . Árpád was elected supreme chief.

1456 The Siege of Belgrade John Hunyadi defended the city against the attack of the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II. During the siege, Pope Callixtus III ordered the bells of every European church to be rung every day at noon.

895-900 Hunor and Magyar (Magor) found a new home and settled down in the Carpathian Basin. The Migration Period finished.

1000 Saint Stephen I The first King of Hungary (1000–1038). He is considered to be the founder of the Kingdom of Hungary. He established Christianity in the region.

1458-1490 The last strong king was the Renaissance king Matthias Hunyadi (Corvinus), son of John Hunyadi. A true Renaissance prince. He had an Italian wife, Beatrice. Matthias was an enlightened patron of the arts and learning. His library, the Bibliotheca Corviniana, was Europe's greatest collection of historical chronicles. Hungarian proverb: Matthias has died, justice has gone.

1241–1242 Mongol Invasion The Battle of Muhi. Hungary protects Europe from the Mongol attacks.

The Hungarian cockade used in 1848.

1526-1699 Ottoman wars 150 years of wars Hungary was divided into three parts. By joining international forces Buda was recaptured.

1848 -1849 Revolution and War of Independence Hungarian reformists declared the first Prime Minister of Hungary: Lajos Batthyany. Fights for freedom. Russia helped to beat down the revolution.

End of19th century: Economic growth: rail construction; Ignac Semmelwiessavior of mothers, 1863: second oldest underground. Heroes Square in Budapest.

Visiting an Art Gallery - Collection of Vass László Light and Proportion in Focus Vass László started his carrier as a shoemaker and designer. He is the master of elegant men shoes. He renewed traditional style and made them fashionable. Working as a shoe designer, he enjoyed accuracy. Soon he started to take to modern, nonobjective art. He has been collecting modern, abstract, non-objective pictures, graphics and statues.

The art gallery is situated in one of the nicest area of Veszprém. It’s in the The artist is always castle district. happy when visitors come and see his collection.

Little artists from Egry Kindergarten in the art gallery– maybe one day we can see some of their work of arts in Vass’s private collection. 

The cube doesn’t want to be a cube

A clown with a guitar

Rhythm of shapes

Readers meet Author in Botev Library On 23 April we had a great afternoon with a contemporary writer, poet, literary translator and teacher, LACKFI JÁNOS. (born in 1971) Our drama group, directed by Hatás Andrea, (actress) and Szarka Zsófia (pupil) greeted the poet by acting out some of his poems.

Finally the writer talked about his life. We have learnt that he has 5 children, who often appear in Lackfi’s poems. He has written poems, novels, even plays for theatres. He has been given some great literary awards. The Hungarian section of IBBY gave the prize to him : The Best Children’s Book of the Year in 2004.

A poem for children about cars: You may enjoy the rhythm of the poem


Then the poet read and acted out many of his poems from his books of verse written for children: Mug Family, My Father’s Rooster, the Drunken Elephant. As you can see, his poems are very funny and every one enjoyed the poet’s performance. „The Drunken Elephant”

Jó autó a Porse, száguldás a sorsa. Jó autó a Merci, menetideje percnyi.   Jó autó a Skoda, ha megy, az már csoda.   Jó autó a Lada, csípős az illata.   Jó autó a Mazda, elparkol a gazba.   Jó autó az Ifa, fér rá sok tüzifa.   Jó autó a Trabant, vele a lét kaland. (Legjobb autó a műanyag, ingyen van az üzemanyag.)

A composer from the 18th century. One of the contemporary musicians of our town:

Attila Kovács was born in Veszprém. He studied in Veszprém, too. After living abroad for some years, he came back to his home town. At the moment he works for the local theatres, he plays music at concerts. Belgium asked him to compose church music. He composed the town hymn in 2000. He composes musicals but he is also fond of classical music, jazz, blues and pop music. He often goes to schools and have interactive Music lessons. Attila Kovács was our guest in April. He talked about his life and played lots of pieces of music in different styles composed by himself. At the end of the lesson we asked him several questions and we found out that his favourite Autographs from the composer music is jazz. He loves improvising. He often takes part in festivals, book fares and he loves visiting schools and meeting young people. (by Class 3.b)

The first famous composer born in our town was Antal Csermák. He composed folksongs, liked folk music and he also had pieces of music for orchestras. In honour of him, the music school in Veszprém is called „Csermák Antal Zeneiskola”. Every year Veszprém organizes the so called „Csermák Days”. The most talented children in Music are invited to play music in the festival. One of the tunes composed by Csermák can be heard every hour in the Fire Tower of Veszprém.

Click here to listen to our National Anthe This drawing was a present from the pupils for the composer.


In 1994 three communities in Reykjanes; Hafnir, Njarðvík and Keflavík merged to form one municipality Reykjanesbær The population in Reykjanesbaer is approx. 13.000.


Njarðvík produced two of Iceland's greatest scholars, Jón Thorkelsson Thorcillius and Sveinbjörn Egilsson, both of whom are commemorated by statues in the town. A fascinating insight into the region's past can be gained through a visit to the local folk museum, the turf-roofed Stekkjarkot, now reconsructed as a typical domestic house from the turn of the century.

http;//reykjanesbær/the town of reykjanes


The largest of the former communities, Keflavík (pop 11.000), beeing first mentioned in written sources about 1590 as the base of an english trader, who was followed by German and the later Danish merchants. Keflavík importance grew in the wake of the Básendar disaster at the end of the 18th century.  Parts of Duushús (Culture house), a building which served as the residence of a Danish merchant during the middle years of the last century, can still be seen.  In recent years tourism has played an increasingly important role in the local economy.

The troll in the Cave Skessan í hellinum

The troll Skessan moved to Reykjanesbær in the year 2008 where she lives in her cave, children love to go and visit her. Skessan fluttist í Reykjanesbæ árið 2008 og býr hún þar í hellinum sínum, börnunum finnst mjög gaman að heimsækja hana.

Herdís Egilsdóttir was born in Húsavík 18 júlí 1939. She is a teacher who has published a lot of children's books and has written a play for children. Her most famous books are about the troll Skessan that gets in to a lot of trouble when she tries to play with the children in the town.

• The troll skessan has put her footprint in our town. • Víðsvegar um bæinn okkar er hægt að finna spor eftir Skessuna.

Guðmundur R. Ludviksson, The artist Gudmundur R. Ludviksson is in some ways typical of Icelandic artists. Before he became an artist, he worked in another field he was a chef. He lives in Reykjanesbær and he has worked with children in art.

Northen light towers



•Hotel and restaurant school of Iceland(4years) •Icelandic College of Arts and Crafts(4years •Willem De Coonik Art acakemie Rotterdam Holland •The Fine Art Academie Frankfurt Cermany

•City Reykjanesbær •City Hafnarfjördur •City Gardur •City Sandgerdi •Myndstef •Icelandair •The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture Iceland •Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Iceland •1st Prize of the 2007 Palm Art Award. Art Domain Gallery Leipzig 2008 •Manngildissjodur Reykjanesbæjar 2008 •Impra 2008 •Menningaráð Suðurnesja 2008

Icelandic culture is just as diverse as the landscape. There is far more to Iceland than just unspoiled nature. Iceland is also famous for its writers, composers, actors, and artists and musicians.

The history of Reykjanesbær Keflavík – Njarðvík Keflavík is first mentioned in written sources about 1590 as the base of an English trader, who was followed by German, and later Danish, merchants. Keflavík was a major center of fishing and fish processing.

Guðmundur Rúnar Júlíusson Better known as Rúnni Júll. He was born in Keflavík on the 13th April 1945 and dietd on December 5th, 2008 He played in the most popular bands and was in the national football team. He married Miss Iceland. He had a remarkable career, both as a member in a popular band and also as a solo artist. He is a legend in Icelandic music history.

Icelandic Beatles

He was a very lively performer and used to jump up and dance around like crazy while he played and sang In his free time he wrote songs and lyrics He formed his own label, Geimsteinn. The label has released more than a hundred albums. Rúnar also had his own recording studio,


SOLO Watch video


The history of our town Campalto The name Campalto (Campus Altus/ High field) derives from its higher ground compared to the lagoon. The town was inhabited by poor farmers and fishermen until after World War II.

Saint Martin’s

church is the oldest historical monument in town. It was built in 1512 by the noble Venetian family Morosini.

The poorest people lived in "Casoni", huts built with materials such as reeds, clay and wood which were available in the area

The town overlooks the Venetian lagoon, from which it is separated from the channel Marzenego or Osellino.

There are many parks in town. Recently, a natural track along the banks of the channel Osellino and which connects Campalto to the big park

This is the park in Chiarin street

San Giuliano was created for walking or biking, Â

the railway bridge, built by the Austrians in 1846, and which marked the end of the beautiful isolation of Venice, we can also see the outlines of the factories of Porto Marghera. From

From Campalto you can admire a magnificent view of the BARENA, the saltmarshes (islets covered with typical vegetation), the LAGOON and the shapes of the palaces and churches of VENICE

Local festivals These are some of the most famous traditional festivities celebrated in Venice Il BOCOLO is the old tradition of San Marco's rosebud, given by Venetians every 25th April to their beloved.  25th APRIL is also Liberation day. After twenty years of fascist dictatorship and five years of war, in 1945, the Italian partisans released Milan and the main Northern Cities from the Nazi troops.

Festa del Redentore

On the third Saturday of July a long floating bridge is open to connect S.Marco to the Redentore’s church, crossing the Giudecca canal. In the night between Saturday and Sunday all the people wait for the midnight fireworks , eating and drinking on boats in Bacino S.Marco.

The Sensa Feast-day: May 15-16 in n previous centuries held an important role in the social and political life of Venice, which resulted in one of the most important and sumptuous celebrations, interweaving the legend, myth and history of the city.

The Doge of the Serenissima used this rite to demonstrate the Republic's dominion in the gulf. Today the ceremony is not as magnificent as in previous centuries, but the symbolism of the marriage to the sea is still evident and is certainly still valid today. The Mayor of Venice, dignitaries and religious and military representatives leave Saint Mark's Square and sail to the Port of S. Nicolò where the ritual ring throwing takes place.

Madonna della salute on 21st November In 1630 a terrible plague exploded in Venice, brought by the German soldiers, and third of the population of Venice died. The Senate decided to build a temple in honor of the Madonna. The disease miraculously ceased. Still today, like a vow, the Venetians go to the temple by crossing a bridge made of boats on the Grand Canal.

Historical regatta in September One of the most important events in Venice is, undoubtedly, The Regata Storica: a sumptuous historic procession of boats. The regatta was one of the painters’ favourite subjects as it allowed them to paint a celebration.

Venice and it is still one of the main events. Indeed, on this occasion the San Marco Basin and the Grand Canal teem with all sorts of boats from which people can watch the competitions and root noisily. At present the most important and exciting competition is the gondolini race.

Our country: Italy, il Bel Paese No wonder Italy, the land of breathtaking landscapes, is called “Il Bel Paese” – the beautiful country. Located in southern Europe, between the snowy Alps and the deep blue seas, The Republic of Italy can be easily recognized on a map because it’s shaped like a “Boot”, from which the nickname “Lo stivale”. Millions of tourists visit our marvelous country, for its museums, its historical sites, and the sheer serenity of its landscapes. It is not difficult to imagine why the country has produced and inspired the mind and spirit of so many brilliant artists and scientists. These are only some of the most beautiful landmarks.

Duomo in Milan

In Venice light and water combine to create a restless magic.

Snowy Dolomites

Verona, hometown of the legendary couple, Romeo and Juliet., by William Shakespeare. It is here where you will find a large arena, which used to be an ancient Roman amphitheatre, and is traditionally reserved for opera.

Rome is known as the Eternal City, full of ancient monuments like the Colosseum, the Trevi fountain, the Forum... where to start?

Wonderful sea and beaches Valle dei Templi in Agrigento, Sicily

Trulli in Puglia

Florence is a Renaissance town on the river Arno full of beauty, history and culture.

This is the Leaning Tower in Pisa

National and local art, artists, galleries, artworks Italy was home to some of the world’s greatest artists and most beautiful masterpieces of architecture, painting and sculpture. The works of Italian masters like Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Botticelli, Tintoretto, Caravaggio, Bernini, Titian and Raphael are known all over the world. These are some examples of students artworks and activities

Can you find the differences?

The students from class 2 A Secondary school A. Gramsci

“La tempesta” (The storm) was painted by Giorgione a Venitian painter born in Castelfranco Veneto. The storm was painted on canvas with the technique of oils. It represents a dark landscape on a stormy day. In “Accademia Galleries” in Venice, you can admire this picture and many others from famous artists like Giorgione, Tintoretto and Tiziano until Gianbattista Tiepolo and the Vedutisti of the eighteenth century, Canaletto, Guardi, Bellotto, Longhi. During our Art class we have reproduced the picture into a drawing and then we have painted it with colours. This is the original picture and this is our reproduction.

The Peggy Guggenheim Collection

located on the Grand Canal in Venice, is among the most important museums in Italy for European and American art of the first half of the 20th century. With the support of Regione Veneto the museum offers a great variety of educational programs KIDS DAY is a project that introduces children between René Magritte “L’impero 4 and 10 years of age to della luce” modern and contemporary Children at work art and makes their visit to the museum more enjoyable and educational. During the workshop the children from Nursery school “Girasole” had the opportunity to create artworks inspired by the Paul Klee: “ Giardino del sud” works on display in the Rufino Tamayo: “Corpi celesti” museum. “Uno sguardo tra le nuvole e il cielo” ( a glance between the clouds and the sky) is the title of our project. These are some examples of our artworks. Joan Mirò: “Il giro del cielo”

Jackson Pollok: “Foresta incantata”

Italian or local writers and poets/ World Book Day 23rd April “The world is a beautiful book, but of little use to him who cannot read it”. Carlo Goldoni, a celebrated Venetian playwright

Italy has left its mark in literature, due to the work of the Florentine poet Dante Alighieri, whose Divine Comedy is said to be one the most important European works of the Medieval period. Other well-known writers are Boccaccio, Giacomo Leopardi, Alessandro Manzoni and Petrarca. The great literary tradition was continued by modern writers like Giosuè Carducci, Grazia Deledda, Luigi Pirandello, Salvatore Quasimodo, Eugenio Montale.

To celebrate World Book During a literary meeting, The 3rd classes of Secondary school Day all the students in made an interview with Paola Zannoner, a famous writer: •Are these meetings useful? our school have They are useful when pupils are ready for the meeting. organized a lot of • Why the people in Italy read less than in other countries? different reading • Because the Italian government is not interested in giving money activities, like for to libraries. example older students •How can we become readers? have read tales or fables •You can become readers by visiting a library more often. to smaller students. • Why girls read more than boys? These are some books by Paola Then we prepared some • Because like to read more than boys. Boys are lazy. Zannoner and her original autograph charts, leaflets, • Is creativity important? bookmarks, little • Creativity is acquired from relationship with other people. illustrated books, reports and comments An exceptional teacher meets the for the final exhibition. 5th classes of primary school “Pascoli”

Some meetings with famous local writers and poets were organized by our teachers. These are some examples.

Gian Antonio Stella, journalist of the Italian newspaper “Corriere della sera” and writer of many successful books, gave us a special lesson on racism.

Italian music, musicians, composers and national anthem Italy has been the birthplace of the piano and the violin, and classical musical forms like the symphony, sonata and concerto. Some of the world’s greatest composers, like Vivaldi, Paganini, Rossini, Verdi and Puccini were Italian. In Venice there is the world famous theatre “La Fenice” where you can go and listen to wonderful music concerts.

All over Italy there are theatres famous all over the world, like La Scala in Milan, Arena in Verona, San Carlo in Naples, Petruzzelli in Bari, Teatro Massimo in Palermo.


who was born in Venice, was a very prolific baroque composer, violinist and he is famous for his over 500 concertos . He was taught how to play the violin at a young age by his father, Giovanni Battista. Together, they toured Venice playing the violin; similar to Mozart and his father. Among his greatest and best-known works: "The Four Seasons“ (Le quattro stagioni) is a set of four violin concertos, composed in 1723. It is among the most popular pieces of Baroque music. Each concerto resembles a different season: Spring, summer, autumn, winter.

Our National anthem, ( Il Canto degli Italiani , noto come Inno di Mameli o Fratelli d'Italia) was composed by Michele Novaro and the lyrics were written by the poet and patriot Goffredo Mameli.

Giuseppe Verdi wrote the “Nabucco” famous for its chorus Va pensiero, sull'ali dorate sung by the Jew prisoners in Babilone. It was a metaphor for the Italian situation under the Austrian oppression.

Va, pensiero, sull'ali dorate; Va, ti posa sui clivi, sui colli, Ove olezzano tepide e molli L'aure dolci del suolo natal!

Italian lyrics Fratelli d'Italia, l'Italia s'è desta, dell'elmo di Scipio s'è cinta la testa. Dov'è la Vittoria? Le porga la chioma, ché schiava di Roma Iddio la creò. CORO: Stringiamci a coorte, siam pronti alla morte. Siam pronti alla morte, l'Italia chiamò. Stringiamci a coorte, siam pronti alla morte. Siam pronti alla morte, l'Italia chiamò!

This is our old Italian Mille Lire with the photo of G.Verdi

Children´s pottery

Guernica Houses in the city

Pastel picture

Glazed ceramic

“Father and daugther Working together”

(Painted by Antonio Alvarez Gordillo, one of our pupils´ father).

Paper sculpture

Children making art

Art cooking

The Peace wall

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Poems by Carmen Gil

Our disabled children copy a poem by ANTONIO MACHADO, andalusian poet

OUR WRITERS Our street "Pages del Corro" is divided by a street called "San Jacinto." The division marks the “Cava de los civiles” to the right and the “Cava de los gitanos” (gypsies)to the left. This is important to us because of the location of our school, Jose María del Campo, which advocates the reading of this travelling book.  If we go deep into Pages del Corro and the surrounding areas to the left, we see the houses and courtyards of our neighbours. In one of these neighbouring houses, they once sold “altramuces”, which sweetened in that same spot. On the corner where Pages del Corro meets Victoria street, there once was a public fountain that sustained the local residents. Past our school, there is a series of low houses and a factory that produces a sweet called "dulce de membrillo." After the factory comes "las fraguas de Pascual" and lastly, "Mount Pirolo." To our close right there was once a summer outdoor theatre called "The Star." Today, they have converted this area into a hotel… 

Well-Known poets, such as Antonio Machado, or less acclaimed or even unknown poets, just like the parents and family members of our educational community, live, feel and they write about our neighbourhood with pride, Triana and her traditions.

Can we say that nothing is created ?

Potter of your earthenware, make your creation

And it doesn´t matter to Written by MANUEL FERNÁNDEZ. 2001

you, if you can´t make mud

Practising SPORTS leads to a healthier life in Spain

Many important and artistical monuments belong to Spain´s cultural heritage

Food from North and South is part of spanish gastronomy

España aglutina inmigrantes procedentes de 5 continentes. INMIGRANTS FROM THE 5 DIFERENT CONTINENTS INTEGRATE IN SPAIN


Life reflected upon Cueva de las Pileta´s wall in Málaga

Solar energy innovates in Spain v=3KHsU9mlypM&feature=related

Sergio Contreras, Contreras born in Huelva, 1978 is one of the most popular singers of our young people.

I love sitting in Betis Street! Here in Seville! Crossing rivers! The Golden Tower! And knowing that I love the whole of Triana.

The lyrics of the Andalusian Hymn

Blas Infante, our anthem writer In our FERIA, people dances “sevillanas� a very popular dance.

The white and green flag After years of war, Returns to talk of peace and hope, Beneath the sun of our land. Rise up, Andalusians! Demand land and freedom! Support a free Andalucia, Spain and humanity. Andalusians want To be what we once were: Men of light, who came to represent for everyone, The spirit of mankind. Rise up, Andalusians! Demand land and freedom! Support a free Andalucia, Spain and humanity.

Nursery school - Ecole Maternelle Madame René COTY / Primary school : Ecole Elémentaire Jean CHARCOT

Our community in Ouistreham Ouistreham has a population of 9,252 inhabitants and is situated in the Calvados department of Lower Normandy, in the north-west of France.

The port is guarded by a lighthouse dating back to 1905. The lighthouse is 38m tall and has 171 steps.

The town lies 14km north of Caen next to the English Channel on the Nacre coastline. The community is full of history with the famous “Sword Beach”, prominent during the D-Day Landings. The inhabitants of the town are called “Ouistrehamais”.   The name “Ouistreham” has varied throughout the centuries, but it appears that it is of Saxon origin, meaning a town of the west : Wester Ham, as it was the first village the sailors saw in the West before entering into the Orne bay.  

We have been working on the coat of arms of Ouistreham : the shell and the ship represent the town’s maritime activities. The leopards refer to England and Normandy, and the lion to Matilda, the wife of William the Conqueror.

The Church of Saint Samson dates back to the XII century. Its façade and nave are in the roman style while the chancel and the steeple are in the gothic style.

Nursery school - Ecole Maternelle Madame René COTY / Primary school : Ecole Elémentaire Jean CHARCOT

Rollon the Norman

This map shows our « région » Normandy before it was so called . The original name was Neustry, it was given by one of our kings to invaders who from 885 kept plundering wealthy towns such as Rouen or even Paris. These invaders were Normans (“nor” meaning north and “man” meaning men: they came from Scandinavian countries such as Norway, Denmark and Sweden). In 912 to prevent such rampage a part of Neustry (map of 752) was given to the Norman chef, Rollon, the name Neustry was then changed to Normandy.

Another famous Norman figure In 1066 a Norman duke became king of England after the Battle of Hastings . He was known as William the Conqueror. William had been promised the throne by Edward the Confessor who was King of England. When Edward died, Harold (William’s cousin) wanted to become King. William invaded England and at the Battle of Hastings, Harold was killed.

Origin of the Norman Coat of Arms

There is some confusion today over the Norman and English Coat of Arms. The English one displays three lions whereas the Norman one displays two leopards. This goes back to the time of Henry 11 Plantagenet a Norman English King who had two lions on his coat of arms. He married Eleanor of Aquitaine a Queen whose Coat of Arms depicted leopards. Their son, Richard the Lion Heart added an animal which depicted both lion and leopard to represent both his parents. It was in 1466 that a Norman Duke decided that the Norman Coat of Arms would show in fact two leopards. The leopards on the Coat of Arms today look as if they are sporting manes, hence the confusion.  

NORMANDY / in 987 / in 1956

Nursery school - Ecole Maternelle Madame René COTY / Primary school : Ecole Elémentaire Jean CHARCOT


Under the roman occupation, Vercingetorix, a true Gaul warner, stood up with Julias Cesar, but surrendered to Gergovie. Later, whith a reign of 70 years, Louis XIV reinvented France and exerted his absolute power to the neighbouring countries. His intellect and his personality made him France ‘s preferred king.

In Normandie, one of the most important figures was William the Conqueror. His conquests have left traces which are still visible today : abbeys, castles….


Throughout the centuries, this construction has taken place amidst wars. World war one took hold very quickly and caused numerous victims on the front line. The second world war saw the occupation of France by the Nazis, the deportation of the jews and others minorities, followed by the allied landings, notably the Green Benets under Commando Kieffer, who came to free France under the orders of General de

Gaulle. 1700

After the french Revolution in 1789, which founded the future institutions of France ( the constitution, the declaration of the Rights of Man, the Republic…) Napoleon Bonaparte finished founding the nation a civil code and the introduction of countries prefects and secondary schools….

Après la Révolution française de 1789 qui met en place les futures institutions françaises (Constitution, Déclaration des droits de l’Homme, République), Napoléon Bonaparte finit de fonder la Nation avec le code civil, la mise en place des régions, les préfets, les lycées.

1800 1945

Tout au long des siècles, la construction se fait au travers des guerres La première guerre mondiale s’enlise rapidement et fait de nombreuses victimes sur le front. La seconde voit l’occupation de la France par les nazis, la déportation des juifs et des minorités, puis le débarquement des alliés, et notamment des bérets verts du commando Kiefer qui viendront libérer les français sous les ordres du général de Gaulle.

Nursery school - Ecole Maternelle Madame René COTY / Primary school : Ecole Elémentaire Jean CHARCOT

Henri Matisse… Painted by Matisse

Les danseuses - The dancers Interpretation by the children from the nursery school

Matisse painting at home with a pole… (photo Robert Capa)

…was born on December 31st, 1869 in Cateau-Cambrésis in the North of France and died on November 3rd, 1954 in Nice. He was a French painter, draftsman and sculptor. He began to paint when he was 21. He came to Paris where he became a prominent artist and the leader of the Fauvist art movement. In 1938, he finally settled down in Nice, in the South of France. Badly ill, he had to paint in his bed. He used then the stuck paper to express himself, illustrated books and stained glasses.

Nursery school - Ecole Maternelle Madame René COTY / Primary school : Ecole Elémentaire Jean CHARCOT

Michel CABIEU, the hero of Ouistreham Michel Cabieu

was born on March 2nd, 1730 and died on November 5th, 1804 in Ouistreham. He was a sergeant of the coastguard militias of Ouistreham. In 1762 Michel Cabieu realised his exploit : repel the English ! On the night of 12th and 13th July, the English invaded a nearby village : Sallenelles. They were about to land at Ouistreham. They fired canons to warn the inhabitants who all fled, except Michel Cabieu. Provided with a drum and with a weapon, he tried to frighten the enemy. By firing in various places, giving orders to imaginary soldiers and making as much noise as possible, he managed to scare English who believed that a large army was awaiting them.

Ouistreham has not forget their hero. Today, the cinema bears his name, as well as an avenue. A plaque celebrates his memory.

Ouistreham n'a pas oublié son héros. Aujourd'hui, le cinéma porte son nom, ainsi qu'une avenue. Une plaque célèbre sa mémoire. Juliette, Lison, Annabelle, Gabin et Gabriel, classe de CM1

Nursery school - Ecole Maternelle Madame René COTY / Primary school : Ecole Elémentaire Jean CHARCOT

Allons enfants de la Patrie, Le jour de gloire est arrivé ! Contre nous de la tyrannie L'étendard sanglant est levé, (bis) Entendez-vous dans les campagnes Mugir ces féroces soldats ? Ils viennent jusque dans nos bras Égorger nos fils, nos compagnes !

Come, children of the Fatherland (Homeland), The day of glory has arrived ! Against us, Tyranny's Bloody banner is raised, (repeat) Do you hear in the countryside Those ferocious soldiers roaring ? They come up to our arms To slit the throats of our sons and wives !

Aux armes, citoyens, Formez vos bataillons, Marchons, marchons ! Qu'un sang impur Abreuve nos sillons !

To arms, citizens, Form your battalions, Let's march, let's march ! May an impure blood Water our furrows ! Rouget de Lisle, composer of La Marseillaise, sings it for the first time in Strasbourg

Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle wrote "La Marseillaise" in Strasbourg on April 25, 1792. Its

original name was "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin" ("War Song for the Army of the Rhine"). It became the rallying call of the French Revolution and received its name because it was first sung on the streets by volunteers from Marseille upon their arrival in Paris. Only the first verse (7 verses in all) and the first chorus are sung today in France. There are some slight historical variations in the lyrics of the song ; the following is the version listed at official website of the French Presidency.

La Marseillaise

Local Festivals The Big Cheese is a spectacular festival which takes place during the last weekend of July. Every year it attracts over 80,000 visitors. The festival includes re-enactment displays, live music, a funfair and one of the biggest festival food and drink marquees in Wales. Over 50 Welsh producers gather to sell their delicious cakes, wines, chocolate, cheese and much more!

We celebrate St David's Day in Wales on the 1stof March, in honour of Dewi Sant or St David, the patron saint of Wales. To celebrate St David’s Day we hold a school eisteddfod with singing and dancing competitions and children wear traditional Welsh costumes. Many people also celebrate by eating traditional welsh foods including Welsh cakes and cawl.

Caerphilly Castle is one of the largest medieval castles of western Europe. It is home to several festivals and celebrations every year. The annual fireworks display on the 5th of November is the biggest to take place in the county.

The Day of Dance is a festival of Welsh Folk dancing. The festival takes place every year during the last weekend of June. School children from all over the Caerphilly County come together to parade through the town centre and then dance at the castle.

World Book Day 2010 We al so com Book p Day q leted the u iz o n W paren line. O orld ts w o r ne of k ed w of chi th ith ld the in ren to help small gro e up te t books rnet for a hem searc s u . h thors and th eir

To celebrate World Book Day we invited parents into school to read with the children. Some parents came in and reqd a story to the whole class, whilst others took small groups of children outside to enjoy a story in the sun.

er oung y e h d ook t suite an t n e ildr ook uter er ch he comp eir own b d l o h The en into t ake t nto their m r o d l t i chi hem lso went ether. t d e to g help . They a r ies o s t k s r ad ma to re s s a l c

Most of the children dressed up as their favourite characters from story books and brought in their favourite books.

Our favourite author is Gwyn Morgan. He is a local writer and writes funny stories set in the Welsh valleys. His characters always resemble someone you might know and his stories depict everyday situations – and some magical ones too!!

1918 - 2006

Kyffin Williams was a famous landscape painter from Llangefni. Throughout his life he has shown his love of Wales through his paintings. Kyffin would paint the places from which he felt he belonged and felt at home. It’s not only important to look at his paintings, but also to feel the thick layers of oil paint.

Here are some pictures of our year 5 class experimenting with the painting techniques of Kyffin Williams.

Caerphilly Castle - Castell Caerffili Caerphilly’s most celebrated feature is perhaps the ‘leaning tower.’ It leans at an angle of 10 degrees, probably the result of subsidence. It is said to lean further than the Leaning Tower of Pisa.

In the middle of our town stands our Castle, Caerphilly Castle, the largest Castle in Wales s l e wa t s a C y The n 1271 b . i re built t de Cla r Gilbe

Surrounding the Castle is a moat. This is home to hundreds of Canadian geese, ducks and swans.

The castle is looked after by an organisation called CADW who are responsible for many of Wales’ historic buildings..

The Great Hall inside the Castle is used for many functions such as weddings and parties by many residents of Caerphilly and the local area.

Important dates in the history of Wales The 19th Century:

Wales under the Romans (48-410):

Up to and during the Roman occupation of Britain, Wales was not a separate country; all the native inhabitants of Roman Britain spoke Brythonic languages (a sub-family of the Celtic languages) and were regarded as Britons (or Brythons).

Year 3 class showing the work they produced and display created about the Romans

Early Medieval Wales (700–1066): Powys as the easternmost of the major kingdoms of Wales came under pressure from the English. This kingdom originally extended east into areas now in England, and its ancient capital, Pengwern, has been variously identified as modern Shrewsbury. The earthwork known as Offa's Dyke may have marked an agreed border.

Annexation: from the Statute of Rhuddlan to the Laws in Wales Acts (1283–1542):

After passing the Statute of Rhuddlan which restricted Welsh laws, King Edward's ring of impressive stone castles assisted the domination of Wales, and he crowned his conquest by giving the title Prince of Wales to his son and heir in 1301. Wales became, effectively, part of England, even though its people spoke a different language and had a different culture.

Parts of Wales became heavily industrialised. Ironworks were set up in the valleys running south from the Brecon Beacons particularly around the new town of Merthyr Tydfil. From the 1840s coal mining spread to the Aberdare and Rhondda valleys This led to a rapid increase in the population of these areas.

The 21st Century

In 2006 the Government of Wales Act gained Royal Assent meaning that from May 2007 the Queen would have the new legal identity of 'Her Majesty in Right of Wales' and would for the first time appoint Welsh Ministers and sign Welsh Orders in Council.

Mae Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau – Land Of My Fathers

The land of my fathers is dear unto me, Old land where the minstrels are honoured and free; It’s warring defenders go gallant and brave, For freedom their lifeblood they gave. Home, home, true I am to home, While seas secure the land so pure, Oh may the old language endure.

The music and words of our National Anthem were composed by a father and son in the year 1856. These were from Caerphilly but moved to work in the nearby town of Pontypridd, which is also where famous Welsh singer Tom Jones was born and raised. Evan James (1809-1878) was responsible for writing the words and James James (1833-1902) composed the music. The words of the anthem are Welsh and these are the ones that we sing. Although there is an English translation also.

The Welsh love to sing and we feel very proud when given the opportunity to sing our anthem. We sing it on occasions such as sporting events, assemblies, on St.David's Day, and during celebrations and Eisteddfods.


Comenius newsletter n.4


Comenius newsletter n.4