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Comenius Project 2012-2014

Plan Preserve Pretty Planet to

this


Art and landscape

Co-ordination Ist. Comp. C. Carminati Lonate Pozzolo (Va) Italy

s.y. 2

2012-2013


Index Introduction

p. 4

Section A - The world could be a better place

p. 7

Section B - The world could be even worse

p. 36

Lesson plan

p. 68

Artists’ biographies

p. 72

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The “Art and Landscape” activity was meant to enhance the children’s consciousness about the importance of protecting and promoting the local heritage and landscape on the basis of the firm belief that the world we live in is designed both by nature and men and that we all share responsibility for the quality of the environment that surrounds us. The didactic work especially wanted to: • Help children grasp the main aspects of their local and national landscape • Promote the knowledge of the local and national artistic representation of the environment • Promote the knowledge of partners’ landscape, nature and art • Appreciate the benefits of a well preserved environment .

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“Art and Landscape” E-Book


In the first phase of the project children were guided towards analysing the main features of their national territory and landscape. They subsequently searched and selected relevant paintings representing a typical landscape of their home town or country. Finally they modified the original paintings using their imagination. Their first creative task was to improve squalid views and redesign the landscape in order to make it more pleasant for the people living in it. At a later stage children were asked to spoil beautiful landscapes imagining the effect of disrespect for nature, art or historical buildings. While processing the original paintings, children were free to express their personal taste and use any style or graphic technique. They were also asked to supply basic information about the original paintings, including the artists and the represented sites. Children finally commented on and explained their work in their mother tongue and in English. This joint final e-book presents the most significant children’s artworks selected by each partner school. The book is divided in two sections: In Section A unpleasant or squalid landscapes are improved by children’s imagination. In Section B uncontaminated landscapes or historical buildings and monuments are shown under the effect of human misbehaviour or abuse.

“Art and Landscape” E-Book

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The result is an amazing collection of artworks where children are absolute protagonists of the creative process that redesigns the environment in which they live. It is also a significant collection of the landscape art of each partner country. Like visitors in a museum, page by page we discover the most relevant features of our partners’ territory seen through the eyes and the sensitivity of their best artists. Let’s take our seat by the train window and start out on our neighbours’ homeland, eyes wide open, to perceive the beauty - and the ugliness - around us.

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“Art and Landscape” E-Book


Section A Unpleasant or squalid landscapes improved by children’s imagination

The world could be a better place ‌ Can you imagine? 7


Finland – Nivala Saara Tikka

Helsinki. A naïve art style painted city view. Helsinki. Naivistinen kaupunkinäkymä.

Saara Tikka “Kaupungissa tuulee” - 1997 “Wind in the City” Oil on canvas 8


Finland – Nivala Children’s comments The original painting: “It’s dark.” “The sun is not shining.” “No trees.” How to improve the picture: “More people.” “A Finnish flag.” “Plants.” “Let’s take the factories away.” The final result: “It looks happier.” “It looks like the sun is shining although you can’t see it.”

Class 3th – age 10 Collage and crayons Lasten kommentteja: Alkuperäinen maalaus: “Se on pimeä.” ”Aurinko ei paista.””Ei ole puita.” Miten parantaisimme: ”Enemmän ihmisiä.” ”Suomen lippu.” ”Tarvitaan puita.” ”Otetaan tehtaat pois”. Lopputulos: ”Se näyttää iloisemmalta.” ”Ihan niin kuin aurinko paistaisi vaikka sitä ei näy.” 9


France – Vigy Isabelle Mora

The painting shows a tree without leaves and a dark grey sky. It looks as if the landscape was burnt. It conveys an impression of sadness.

Le tableau représente un arbre sans feuille, un ciel gris et sombre. On dirait que le paysage est brûlé. Il dégage une sensation de tristesse. Isabelle Mora “Tableau 4” - 2011 “Painting 4” - Oil on canvas 10


France – Vigy We coloured the sky in blue, added a sun, birds, and leaves on the tree. We cut and pasted the flowerbed. Now the landscape is pleasant colorful and it conveys an impression of happiness.

Coloriage du ciel en bleu, ajout d'un soleil, d'oiseaux et de feuilles à l'arbre. Découpage et collage du parterre de fleurs. Enfin le paysage est gai, coloré, il en ressort une impression de joie. 5ème, Atelier Comenius age 13 Collage and crayons 11


France – Vigy Jérémy Moncheaux

The painting represents a miner going out of a mine. It is dark and grey, like the job itself, which is tough. The look in his eyes conveys sadness.

Le tableau représente un mineur sortant d'une mine. Le tableau est gris, sombre. Il est à l'image de la dureté du métier de mineur. L'homme a le regard triste.

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Jérémy Moncheaux “Etude Mineure n°7” - 2003 “Lesser Study n°7” Gouache acrilique sur papier – Acrylic gouache on paper


The man seems to be out of a children’s cartoon. The landscape and the man look happy because of the vivid colours.

On a l'impression que l'homme sort d'un dessin animé pour enfants, le paysage et l'homme ont l'air joyeux, grâce essentiellement aux couleurs. 5ème, Atelier Comenius age 13 Collage and crayons

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Ireland – Ovens, Cork Paul Henry (1877 – 1958)

Connemara, Co. Galway. The painting shows an old woman walking alone on an open road. The image is bleak and the landscape is barren. However we get the impression of the woman’s determination an ability to survive in a hostile environment. Paul Henry “The old lady”- 1920 Oil on canvas

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Ireland – Ovens, Cork The aim of our activity is to change the bleakness and barren landscape depicted in the painting. We wish to create a more colorful and hospitable environment with the use of vibrant colors flowers, trees and furniture. We decided as a class to find images of flowers, trees, birds and fountains from the internet and to attach these to the existing image of the open road thereby creating a more attractive environment We believe we have created a more attractive environment for the old lady to walk in. The once bleak environment has now been transformed to a colorful and vibrant location with beauty and life.

2nd and 3rd Class Age 8-10

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Ireland – Ovens, Cork

www.picturescolourlibrary.co.uk Co. Limerick A park in Co. Limerick. 16


Ireland – Ovens, Cork

5th Class – age 11 Our intention was to make the park cleaner. We drew the park, we coloured it in, we put in trees and flowers, we put people having a picnic, we coloured all the flowers and trees. We think the park has improved because it is cleaner, more colourful and the people are happy in it. 17


Italy – Frosinone Aligi Sassu (1912-2000) “Paesaggio urbano con taxi rosso”- 1931 “Urban landscape with a red taxi” Olio su tela - Oil on canvas

The painting represents the suburbs of an anonymous city. The buildings seem deserted. There is no one in the street, only a red taxi, symbol of change and modernity. The colors are bright and dynamic. Il quadro rappresenta la periferia di una anonima città. I palazzi sembrano disabitati. Non c’è nessuno in strada: solo un taxi rosso, simbolo di cambiamento e modernità. I colori sono vivaci e dinamici.

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Italy – Frosinone

The picture has been improved with a stream, flowers and a bench. A tree (always red) replaced the taxi. Adding natural elements such as flowers, trees and a stream, an anonymous urban landscape has been turned into a pleasant, relaxing and enjoyable place. Even the bench, on the bank of the river, now invites to enjoy the landscape!

Il quadro è stato migliorato con l’aggiunta di un ruscello, di fiori e di una panchina. Un albero, sempre rosso, ha sostituito il taxi. Aggiungere elementi naturali come fiori, alberi e un ruscello, ha reso possibile la trasformazione di uno scenario urbano anonimo in un luogo ameno e rilassante. Anche la panchina, sulla riva del fiume, ora invita a godersi il paesaggio! Ilenia Minotti – age 13 Collage 19


Italy – Frosinone Alberto Bragaglia ( 1896-1985)

The picture represents a glimpse of the city with tall buildings of various geometric shape. The buildings have a cubic shape and are placed against each other. The air we breathe is suffocating, the landscape is surreal, no human element is present. The predominant color is red. Il quadro rappresenta uno scorcio di città con alti palazzi di forma rigorosamente geometrica . I palazzi hanno una forma cubica e sono addossati l’uno all’altro. L’ aria che si respira è soffocante, il paesaggio è surreale, nessun elemento umano è presente. Il colore predominante è il rosso. 20

Alberto Bragaglia “Città”- “Town” 1921 Olio su carta - Oil on paper


Italy – Frosinone The painting has been improved with the addition of flowers, a lawn, plants and a bench in the foreground that restores a kind of humanity that did not exist before. The sky is now blue and conveys some serenity. The presence of natural elements , such as flowers, trees and lawn, has allowed the transformation of a urban landscape, originally surreal and suffocating, in a pleasant and relaxing place. The bench suggests a city now inhabited and livable, where you can sit and chat.

Francesca Romana Teatini – age 13 Collage and crayons Il quadro è stato migliorato con l’aggiunta di fiori, prato, piante e con una panchina in primo piano che ridona al dipinto una sorta di umanità prima inesistente. Anche il cielo adesso è blu e infonde una certa serenità. La presenza di elementi naturali come fiori, alberi e prato, ha reso possibile la trasformazione di uno scenario urbano surreale e soffocante in un luogo piacevole e rilassante. La panchina fa pensare ad una città adesso abitata e vivibile, dove è possibile sedersi e scambiare quattro chiacchiere. 21


Italy – Lonate Pozzolo Mario Sironi (1885-1961) “Paesaggio urbano”- 1922 “Urban landscape” Olio su tela - Oil on canvas

The painting represents the squalid outskirts of a town. The place is not identifiable. This urban environment can be any industrial town in the North of Italy in the 20’s. A man is alone in the street probably waiting for a tram. The sky and the houses are dark and oppressing.

Il quadro rappresenta la periferia degradata di una città. Il luogo non è identificabile e può essere qualsiasi città industriale del nord Italia negli anni ’20. Un uomo è solo nella strada, probabilmente in attesa del tram. Il cielo e le case sono scuri e opprimenti.

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Italy – Lonate Pozzolo I imagined a better place thanks to the work of the people living in the area. I used lively colours to brighten the scene up and I imagined some flowerbeds in the streets. Animals bring affection and joy into the man’s life.

Working on the project I realized that by changing colours and adding some natural elements, the environment would become more pleasant and the people living there would feel better. The result proves it quite well because looking at the scene now I don’t feel as oppressed and sad as I felt looking at the original painting .

Ho immaginato un posto migliore grazie agli interventi degli abitanti del quartiere quindi ho colorato la scena con colori vivaci e ho aggiunto fiori. Gli animali portano un po’ di affetto nella vita dell’uomo solo. Nel lavorare al progetto ho capito che se avessi modificato e aggiunto alcuni elementi naturali, l’ambiente sarebbe stato più piacevole e gli abitanti si sarebbero sentiti meglio. Il risultato credo lo dimostri perché il quadro modificato mi fa sentire meno oppressa e triste rispetto al quadro originale.

Alessia Sanguin – age 12 Collage and pastel

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Italy – Lonate Pozzolo Mario Sironi (1885-1961) “Paesaggio urbano con fabbrica e cavalcavia” - 1926 “Urban landscape with a factory and an overpass” Olio su tela - Oil on canvas

The painting depicts a factory with a smoking chimney, a railway and a daring overpass that hides the view of the horizon.

Il dipinto raffigura una fabbrica con la ciminiera fumante, una ferrovia e un ardito cavalcavia che nasconde la vista dell’orizzonte.

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Italy – Lonate Pozzolo Children imagined how this area might have been before human intervention. Nature is the protagonist in this landscape: the mountains are covered with vegetation, the fields are cultivated, sunlight shines all over.

Class VB – age 10 Crayons

I bambini hanno immaginato come potesse essere stato questo luogo prima dell’intervento dell’uomo. In questo paesaggio è la natura ad essere protagonista: le montagne sono ricoperte di vegetazione, i campi sono coltivati, la luce del sole si diffonde tutt’intorno..

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Malta – Sliema Richard Saliba

The painting represents a valley in Gozo. The landscape is arid and almost burnt by the sun. It seems that life has deserted this desolate valley.

Richard Saliba “Gozo in spring” Oil on canvas

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Malta – Sliema

By planting trees and flowers the area was changed into a lovely and colourful one.

Age 5-6 Crayons and collage

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Malta – Sliema Richard Saliba (1943)

The painting shows a quiet and lonely road to a place in Malta called Mgiebah. The valley is green but deserted.

Richard Saliba “Way to Mgiebah” Acrylics on canvas

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Malta – Sliema Children were shown the painting and together came up with ideas of what could be added to the scene to make the place look better. They draw animals flowers and trees, then they cut out their simple drawings and stuck them to the copy of the original painting to bring life and joy to the landscape. The children enjoyed this activity as they managed to make the lonely valley a livelier place.

Age 5-6 Crayons and collage

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Romania – Cluj-Napoca Nicolae Grigorescu [1838 – 1907] The work represents an image of the Romanian village of the late nineteenth century. The characters in the picture are two girls from the country dressed in holiday clothes, spinning wool at the gate. The landscape that surrounds them is light; dominant color is green, trees occupy a large area of the painting.

Lucrarea reprezinta o imagine a satului romanesc de la sfarsitul secolului XIX. Personajele din imagine sunt doua fete de la tara imbricate in haine de sarbatoare, torcand la poarta unei case. Peisajul care le inconjoara este luminos, predominand verdele copacilor care ocupa o suprafata intinsa din lucrare.

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Nicolae Grigorescu “Fete lucrand la poarta” 1887 “Girls working at the gate” Ulei pe panza – Oil on canvas


Romania – Cluj-Napoca We embellished the landscape by adding new elements like animals, flowers; we used the technique of collage, cropping images from magazines representing various animals that we stuck to the painting. We tried to create a friendly, warm world, where people and animals live together in peace and harmony. By, adding new elements to the existing ones and changing colors, we wanted to embellish painted landscape to make it more enjoyable for everyone. Suciu Simona Maria - Gagyi Bianca Erika - age 10 - Collage and acrylic Am infrumusetat peisajul prin adaugarea unor elemente noi; am folosit tehnica colajului, decupand din reviste diverse imagini reprezentand animale pe care le-am lipit pe reproducerea picturii. originale. Am incercat sa creem o lume calda, prietenoasa in care oamenii si animalele convietuiesc in pace si armonie. Prin,adaugarea de elemente noi celor existente , schimband si culorile , am vrut sa infrumusetam peisajul pictat , sa il facem mai placut pentru toti . 31


Romania – Cluj-Napoca Gheorghe Patrascu [1872 - 1949] This painting is an old house in the country, specific Romanian architecture. The main element of the composition is the old house; it is located in the center of the composition. On the right side of the painting are a few trees joining the wall of the house. Architecture of the house gives the impression of solidity, grandeur. Gamut is severe, profound: brown, blue, grey.. Lucrarea reprezinta o casa veche de la tara specifica arhitecturii romanesti Elementul principal al compozitiei il constituie casa veche; aceasta este situate in zona centrala a compozitiei;in partea dreapta a lucrarii sunt reprezentati cativa copaci alaturati zidului cladirii.Arhitectura casei creeaza impresia de soliditate, masivitate. Gama cromatica este grava, profunda. 32

‘’Casa Veche’’ - 1939 “Old house” Ulei pe panza – Oil on canvas


Romania – Cluj-Napoca I imagined this space embellished by applying decorations on the wall architecture but also adding other decorative elements of space such as flowers and trees bloom. Modifying the original painting I realised that by adding decorations that embellish the space, as well as other natural elements, the landscape would become pleasant. Bright colour enriches it with warm, bright tints. Rogozan Carina - age 15 - Watercolor, acrylic and marker Mi-am imaginat acest spatiu infrumusetat prin aplicarea unor decoruri pe zidul arhitecturii, dar si prin alte elemente de dÊcor ale spatiului: flori, copaci infloriti. Modificand pictura originala am realizat ca prin adaugarea unor elemente de decor care infrumuseteaza spatiul ca si a altor elemente naturale , peisajul a devenit maiplacut , iar gama cromatica s-a imbogatit cu tente cromatice calde, luminoase. 33


United Kingdom – Birmingham L. S. Lowry

A busy urban scene depicting St Michael's Flags and Angel Meadow Park, Manchester (Northern England)

“Britain at play” - 1943 Acrylics on canvas

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United Kingdom – Birmingham We wanted to improve the landscape, and ask children to consider the title ‘Britain at play’. With this in mind, get them to improve this industrial landscape to become a place they would like to visit. Children created a realistic, yet beautiful landscapes, that were colourful and fun. They Encapsulated what they imagined ‘Britain at Play’ should look like. They stayed true to the style of Lowry.

Year 6 10-11 years old Sketching and water colour painting

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Section B Uncontaminated landscapes or beautiful monuments are shown under the effect of human misbehaviour or abuse

But the world could even be much worse‌ 36


G. Fattori “La Rotonda di Palmieri” 1866

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Finland – Nivala Pekka Halonen ”Talvipäivä” - 1895

”Winter Day ”

This is a typical wintery view of a Finnish forest. The atmosphere of the painting is peaceful and joyful.

Tekniikka: öljyvärimaalaus Maalauksessa on tyypillinen metsämaisema talvella. Kuvan tunnelma on rauhallinen ja iloinen. 38

“Wind in the City” Oil on canvas


Finland – Nivala

Class 5th - age 11-12 - Crayons

“I spoiled nature by cutting down the trees and by increasing industry.” “The smoke coming out of the chimney of the factory blocks out the sunlight.” “The hare has hurt its paw on a barbwire.” “The climate change has melted the snow although it is mid-winter.” “Minä aloitin roskaamalla luontoa ja vähentämällä puita sen jälkeen lisäsin teollisuutta.” “Puu on kaadettu. Taustalle on rakennettu tehdas, jonka savupiipusta tuleva savu sumentaa auringon.” “Pupun jalka on takertunut piikkilankaan.” “Ilmastonmuutos on sulattanut lunta, vaikka on keskitalvi.” 39


Finland – Nivala Akseli Gallen-Kallela (1865-1931) This is a typical wintery view of a Finnish lake. The atmosphere of the painting is peaceful and somewhat lonely.

Tässä maalauksessa on tyypillinen suomalainen järvimaisema talvella. Kuvan tunnelma on rauhallinen ja jotenkin yksinäinen. . Akseli Gallen-Kallela ”Viittatie jäällä” - 1887 ”Road on the ice” Öljyvärimaalaus – Oil on canvas 40


Finland – Nivala “I found this painting difficult to do and get the right feel of it.” “The scene was easy to paint.” “Somebody has lost the glove. I took a picture of a glove out of a newspaper.” “Somebody has also thrown food items into nature which is something you should not do.”

Class 5th - age 11-12 Collage and watercolours

“Maalaus oli vaikea ja saada siihen oikea tunnelma.” “Maisema oli helppo maalata.” “Joku on kadottanut hanskan, jonka leikkasin lehdestä.” “Työssäni joku on heittänyt roskia luontoon. Niin ei oikeasti saisi tehdä.” 41


France – Vigy Vincent Rallo Var region, south of France. The painting represents the wild Mediterranean coast, deprived of any human activity.

Région du Var, sud de la France. Le tableau représente la côte méditerranéenne, sauvage, vierge de toutes activités humaines.

Vincent Rallo “Paysages” - 1954 “Landscapes” 42


France – Vigy We want to highlight the consequences of the development of mass tourism on wilderness. We noticed that any slight changes can damage the wilderness. The landscape on this modified painting looks dirty and discourages you from taking your holiday there. Nous voulons montrer les conséquences du développement excessif du tourisme dans une nature sauvage. Nous remarquons que tout petit changement peut détruire un paysage sauvage. Le paysage sur le ce tableau modifié parait sale et cela ne donne pas envie d'aller en vacances. 5ème, Atelier Comenius age 13 - Collage 43


France – Vigy Paul Gauguin

The painting represents nature in French Polynesia. The landscape is colourful, deprived of any hint of human civilization. Le tableau représente la nature en Polynésie française. Le paysage est coloré, vierge de toute trace de civilisation.

Paul Gauguin “Les montagnes tahitiennes” - 1893 “Tahiti mountains” - Oil on canvas 44


France – Vigy We want to show the spread of cities into the countryside. On the modified painting, the landscape seems dirty and polluted. Even the trees look unhealthy.

Nous avons voulu montrer l'étendue des villes à la campagne. Le paysage sur ce second tableau parait sale et pollué. Même les arbres ont l'air malade. 5ème, Atelier Comenius age 13 - Collage

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Ireland – Ovens, Cork Letita Hamilton

Connemara, Co. Galway. The painting depicts a farmer coming home from a day on the bog with turf on his cart. Letita Hamilton “The bog road”- 1927 Oil on canvas

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Ireland – Ovens, Cork The intention was by attaching images of rubbish and waste to destroy the beautiful bog. We decided as a class to find images of waste and rubbish from the internet and to attach these to the existing image of the bog, thereby creating a littered and ugly scene. The result was an ugly and unattractive scene. The once pure and natural bog scene has been destroyed, leaving a rubbished waste ground.

3rd Class - age 8

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Ireland – Ovens, Cork Aidan Timmons

Connemara, Co. Galway. A peaceful, natural bay with a few houses in the distance. Aidan Timmons “Renvyle Peninsula, Connemara, Co. Galway, Ireland.”- 2006 Oil on canvas

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Ireland – Ovens, Cork

5th Class - age 11 - Wax crayon

I planned to completely destroy the picture by making the sky dark and cloudy, the land black, brown and bare, and the water full of pollution and oil. I printed off the pictures and then coloured the sky black and put rain on it. I also cut out pictures from magazines or in the newspapers and stuck them on. I used stickers, shading and graffiti. I made the sky cloudy and put airplanes and helicopters in. I put oil spills and rubbish in the water too. The picture has changed and you wouldn’t even recognise it.

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Italy – Frosinone The painting depicts the birth of Venus, the goddess of beauty, born from the foam of the sea. Venus is supported by a shell in the sea, and is driven by the breath of the winds to the land. On the left there is the wind Zephyrus, on the right the handmaiden Ora that gives her an embroidered mantle. The goddess is covered only by her long, thick hair, partly moved by the wind. The figure of Venus represents the ideal of beauty. perfection and harmony.

Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) “Nascita di Venere” - “Birth of Venus” 1485 Tempera su tela – Tempera on canvas

Il quadro rappresenta la nascita di Venere, dea della bellezza, nata dalla spuma del mare. Venere è sostenuta da una conchiglia nel mare ed è sospinta dal soffio dei venti verso terra dove una divinità femminile l’accoglie per rivestirla di un mantello: a sinistra il vento Zefiro al quale è aggrappata Clori, a destra l’ancella Ora che porge a Venere un mantello ricamato. La dea è coperta solamente dai suoi lunghi e folti capelli, in parte mossi dal vento. La figura di Venere rispetta l’ideale di bellezza e di perfezione, di equilibrio e di armonia. 50


Italy – Frosinone The clear waters of the sea are polluted by a ship on the horizon and suspended substances that form a surface scum. Some trash bags are at the feet of Venus. The nature is 'contaminated' by various pollutants: garbage, plastic, iron, paper, oil….so the poor Venus is asking for help! The image is lively and ironic . Ginevra Gatti – age 13 Collage and crayons Le limpide acque del mare vengono inquinate da una nave all’orizzonte e da sostanze in sospensione che formano una schiuma superficiale. Alcuni sacchetti della spazzatura sono ai piedi di Venere. La natura è contaminata da vari inquinanti: immondizia, plastica, ferro, carta, petrolio .... e la povera Venere è costretta a chiedere aiuto! L’immagine è vivace e ironica. 51


Italy – Frosinone Cupid, god of love, to take revenge on Apollo struck him with a golden arrow making him fall in love with the nymph Daphne. Then he struck Daphne with a lead arrow: because of this the nymph did not want to hear the word “love”. Apollo chased the nymph Daphne, but she was transformed by her father Peneus into a laurel tree. In this sculpture Daphne’s hair is turning in the lush foliage of the tree growing, fingers in tender buds, legs in the cortex, from the feet of the nymph sprout roots.

Cupido, dio dell’amore, per vendicarsi di Apollo lo colpì con una freccia d’oro facendolo innamorare della ninfa Dafne. Poi colpì Dafne con una freccia di piombo a causa della quale la ninfa non volle più sentir pronunciare la parola amore. Apollo inseguì la ninfa ma Dafne, venne trasformata da suo padre Peneo in un albero di alloro. Nella scultura di Bernini i capelli di Dafne si stanno trasformando nella rigogliosa fronda dell’albero nascente, le dita in teneri germogli, le gambe in corteccia, dai piedi della ninfa spuntano le radici e si infilano nel terreno.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

“Apollo e Daphne” 1624-25 Marble sculpture

(1598-1680) 52


Italy – Frosinone The artwork is 'contaminated' by various pollutants: garbage, plastic, iron, paper. The body of the statue is marred by writing, bags, plastic, sheet metal, bay leaves turn into shoots plastic and Daphne's face is covered by a gas mask because of the smoke coming from a chimney. The image is lively and ironic .and brings about the reflection on the effects of pollution on artworks: Apollo invokes the help of its creator, Bernini, begging him to save them!

L’opera d’arte viene ‘contaminata’ da vari agenti inquinanti: a terra immondizia non differenziata, plastica, ferro, carta. Il corpo delle statue è deturpato da scritte, buste di plastica, lamiere metalliche; le foglie di alloro si trasformano in germogli di plastica ed il volto di Dafne è coperto da una maschera anti-gas a causa del fumo che fuoriesce da una ciminiera. L’immagine è fresca, vivace e ironica. L’Idea fa riflettere sugli effetti dell’inquinamento su un’opera d’arte: Apollo invoca l’aiuto del suo ideatore, Bernini, implorandolo di salvarli!

Ginevra Gatti – age 13 Collage and crayons 53


Italy – Lonate Pozzolo The painting represents a natural landscape with colorful and luxurious vegetation. In the foreground a field of flowers, in the background the typical hills of the Italian landscape.

II dipinto rappresenta un paesaggio naturale caratterizzato da vegetali rigogliosi e colorati. In primo piano un campo di fiori, sullo sfondo delle colline tipiche del paesaggio italiano.

Ignoto – Unknown “Campo di fiori” - “Field with flowers” Olio su tela - Oil on canvas

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Italy – Lonate Pozzolo My intention was to show how the landscape could be if unscrupulously “attacked” by human interference. I have imagined which changes this environment would undergo by means of the decisions of institutions that plan facilities without any balance between men and nature. I think my work clearly depicts the effects of human decisions that don’t respect nature and I also think it forces people to consider what kind of environment we want to leave to the ones who will come after us. Sebastiano Piantanida – age 12 - Collage Ho mostrato come potrebbe essere il paesaggio se venisse “aggredito” senza scrupoli dall’intervento dell’uomo. Ho pensato a quali modifiche tale ambiente avrebbe potuto subire con un pesante intervento dell’uomo che crea infrastrutture senza cercare un minimo di armonia. Mi sembra che il lavoro esprima chiaramente gli effetti di interventi poco rispettosi sulla natura e faccia riflettere su quale ambiente vogliamo lasciare a chi viene dopo di noi. .

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Italy – Lonate Pozzolo The painting represents Lombard Prealps gently sloping towards the lake Contemplating this landscape, people are fascinated by its natural beauty. The waters of Lake Maggiore are lazily flowing at dawn and the shapes of the Prealps are reflected in the lake. Il quadro rappresenta le Prealpi Lombarde che scendono dolcemente verso il Lago Maggiore. Chi contempla questo paesaggio, rimane affascinato dalle sue bellezze naturali. Le acque del Lago scorrono pigramente alle prime luci dell’alba e le linee delle Prealpi si riflettono nello specchio d’acqua dolce.

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Giuliano Belmonte “Lago Maggiore: Agra” Acquerello - Watercolour


Italy – Lonate Pozzolo The verdant hill was cemented to build a factory with smokestacks with choking clouds of blackish foul-smelling smoke. Another hill was perforated to make way for a railway tunnel for the "Freccia Rossa" train, from which irresponsible travelers throw away bottles, cans and wrappers of every kind in the precious waters of the lake; a bridge, cold and gray, blocks the sight of the beauty of the landscape. While working on the project we realized that the man has the power to change the environment to meet his basic needs, but he rarely considers the consequences. Class VC – age 10 - Oil pastel and collage La verdeggiante collina è stata cementata per costruire una fabbrica, con le ciminiere da cui fuoriescono nuvole nerastre di fumo dall’odore nauseante. Un’altra collina è stata traforata per lasciare il posto a una galleria ferroviaria, percorsa dal “ Freccia rossa” da cui, viaggiatori irresponsabili, gettano bottigliette, lattine e involucri di ogni genere nelle acque preziose del lago; un ponte freddo e grigiastro blocca la vista delle bellezze del paesaggio. Nel lavorare al progetto abbiamo capito che l’uomo ha il potere di modificare l’ambiente per soddisfare i propri bisogni fondamentali, ma spesso non pensa alle conseguenze. .

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Malta – Sliema

John Dimech “Malta Grand harbour” - 1950 Oil on a board

The painting shows the beautiful old city of Valletta and the beautiful Mediterrean Sea in the Grand Harbour. 58


Malta – Sliema

Age 9 - Collage

I modified the painting by placing very high buildings and high cranes. I also added rubbish and cans that were thrown in to the sea and so polluting it. The result is a picture that shows how we can spoil our lovely picturesque sites. 98


Malta – Sliema J. Avellino “Gozo” 2008 Acrylics on canvas

The painting represents a small narrow road in a very quiet village in Gozo, sister island of Malta.

Mgiebah valley Oil on canvas

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Malta – Sliema

I added some graffiti to ruin the beautiful architecture and I also added some rubbish such as bottles and papers. The lovely street was turned into an ugly and dirty place.

Age 10 Felt tips, coloured markers, pencil colours and crayons 61


Romania – Cluj-Napoca Gheorghe Patrascu (1872 – 1949)

An old house in the country, specific Romanian architecture. We have decided to use the same painting both for Section A (Scene to be improved) and Section B (Scene to be worsen) to prove that human intervention and behaviour can have either a positive or a negative effect on the landscape.

Lucrarea reprezinta o casa veche de la tara specifica arhitecturii romanesti ..

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Gheorghe Patrascu ‘’Casa Veche’’ - 1939 “Old house” Ulei pe panza – Oil on canvas


Romania – Cluj-Napoca I imagined the space under the effect of inappropriate human behaviour and abuse, I turned the house into an uninhabited ruin with cracked walls and covered doors. In addition I represented a furnace that pollutes nature through its black smoke. I used dark, gloomy colours. I realized that by adding new elements to the original painting and changing the colours I was able to suggest a polluted area. The feeling we have is anger against a landscape destroyed by bad behaviour and carelessness. Rogozan Carina - age 15 - Acrylic and watercolour Mi-am imaginat acest spatiu sub efectul comportamentului uman neadecvat si al abuzului;am transformat casa intr-o ruina; este nelocuita, are pereti crapati iar ferestrele si usile sunt acoperite; alaturi am reprezentat un furnal care polueaza natura prin fumul sau negru; am folosit culori inchise, sumbre. Mi-am dat seama ca prin adaugarea unor elemente noi la pictura originala, prin schimbarea culorilor am reusit sa sugerez un spatiu poluat de catre oameni. Sentimentul pe care il avem este unul apasator in fata unui peisaj distrus de comportamentul neadecvat al celor din jur. 63


United Kingdom – Birmingham David Hockney “The Arrival of Spring” - 2011

East Yorkshire

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United Kingdom – Birmingham Year 4 - age 8-9 Tempera and collage

The intention was by attaching images of rubbish and waste to destroy the beautiful scene. We decided as a class to find images of waste and rubbish from newspapers and magazines and to attach these to our beautiful painted image, thereby creating a littered and ugly scene. The result was an ugly and unattractive scene. The once bright beautiful forest scene has been destroyed, leaving a rubbished waste ground. 65


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Will the beauty save the world? F. Dostoevskij “The idiot�

A lot depends on us! 67


Art and landscape Lesson plan School subjects involved: Art, Geography, Human studies, ITC, English,

Work steps Step 1 Children/students analyze the characteristics of their territory and landscape (both natural and urban sites). They take pictures, look for information and pictures on the internet, at the library‌ Step 2 Children look for paintings representing both local and national typical landscape. They select the most relevant paintings.

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Art and landscape Lesson plan - Form Step 3 Children look for information about the selected painting (Title, painter, year of creation, represented site or place, painting technique and style‌). They are guided towards analysing the represented scene. Step 4 Children are given a copy of the original painting. They process/modify it according to their imagination and taste. They can work individually or in groups. Any technique is allowed depending on the age of children, their skill and personal taste or choice (collage, painting, drawing, graphics, computer graphics‌) Step 5 Children comment the original painting, express their intention, explain their work.

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Art and landscape Lesson plan - Form Partner school Activity Class – Student group Age Original painting: Title Author Year Represented site/place Description (describe scene, place, technique used by the author …) Explain your intention. How are you going to modify the original painting? Processing technique Work steps

Comment your result 70

Let’s make our landscape

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 (add as many steps as you need)


The lesson plan can be easily adapted to different class groups, ages or kind of students and the activity can be carried out individually, in groups or with the whole class group. Here is an example of how it was led by UK – Birmingham with 10-11 years old children.

WORK STEPS Step 1: All looked at the style and techniques of L.S Lowry http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/l-slowry-s-britain-at-play/13815.html Step 2: Encourage children to consider what it must have been like to live in this industrial era. Why is it different to today? Are the people different too?

Why aren’t there any shadows on the floor? Is it because of the pollution in the air? Why are the figures stooped over? Would you have liked to have lived there then? Step 3: Ask children to consider how this landscape could be improved Step 4: Children sketch improved scene imitating the style of Lowry. Step 5: children select paint or pastels to add colour to their art work. 71


Artists’ biographies Finland Akseli Gallen-Kallela http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akseli_Gallen-Kallela Akseli Gallen-Kallela (26 April 1865 – 7 March 1931) was a Finnish painter who is best known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic (illustration, below). His work was considered very important for the Finnish national identity. He changed his name from Gallen to Gallen-Kallela in 1907. Gallen-Kallela was born Axel Waldemar Gallén in Pori, His father opposed his ambition to become a painter. After his father's death in 1879, Gallen-Kallela attended drawing classes at the Finnish Art Society(1881-4) and studied privately. In 1884 he moved to Paris, to study at the Académie Juliann December 1894, Gallen-Kallela moved to Berlin where he became acquainted with the Symbolists. On his return from Germany, Gallen studied print-making and visited London to deepen his knowledge, and in 1898 studied fresco-painting in Italy. For the Paris World Fair in 1900, Gallen-Kallela painted frescoes for the Finnish Pavilion. The Paris Exposition secured Gallen-Kallela's stature as the leading Finnish artist. In 1918, Gallen-Kallela and his son Jorma took part in the fighting at the front of the Finnish Civil War. From December 1923 to May 1926, Gallen-Kallela lived in the United Stateswhere he visited the Taos art-colony in New Mexico to study indigenous American art. In 1925 he began the illustrations for his "Great Kalevala". This was still unfinished when he died of pneumonia in Stockholm on 7 March 1931.

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Artists’ biographies Finland Pekka Halonen (23 September 1865 – 1 December 1933) was a painter of Finnish landscapes and people. He was born in Lapinlahti. He lived with his family in a home and studio on Lake Tuusula in Järvenpää, Finland that he, himself, designed and named Halosenniemi. The beautiful and serene building is now a museum that includes original furnishings and Halonen’s own art on the walls. There, on the shores of Lake Tuusula where Pekka Halonen resided, an artists’ community developed and flourished, helping to develop a sense of Finnish national identity. Halonen studied at the Art Society's drawing school in Helsinki. In 1890 he moved to Paris where he studied at the Académie Julian and later under Paul Gauguin.

Saara Tikka

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Artists’ biographies France Paul Gauguin (1948 – 1903) was born in Paris in 1948. In 1851 his family left Paris for Peru, motivated by the political climate of the period. Clovis died on the voyage, leaving three-year old Paul, his mother and his sister to fend for themselves. They lived for four years in Lima, Peru with Paul's uncle and his family. The imagery of Peru would later influence Paul in his art. At the age of seven, Paul and his family returned to France. He soon learned French and excelled in his studies. At seventeen, Gauguin signed on as a pilot's assistant in the merchant marine to fulfill his required military service. Three years later, he Joined the navy where he stayed for two years. In 1871, Gauguin returned to Paris where he secured a job as a stockbroker. In 1873, he married a Danish woman, Mette Sophie Gad. Over the next ten years, they would have five children. Gauguin had been interested in art since his childhood. In his free time, he began painting. He also visited galleries frequently and purchased work by emerging artists. Gauguin formed a friendship with artist Camille Pissarro, who introduced him to various other artists. By 1884 Gauguin had moved with his family to Copenhagen, where he pursued a business career as a stockbroker. Driven to paint full-time, he returned to Paris in 1885, leaving his family in Denmark. Without adequate subsistence, his wife (Mette Sophie Gadd) and their five children returned to her family. Gauguin outlived two of his children. Paul Gauguin experienced bouts of depression and at one time attempted suicide. Disappointed with Impressionism, he felt that traditional European painting had become too imitative and lacked symbolic depth. In 1891, Gauguin, frustrated by lack of recognition at home and financially destitute, sailed to the tropics to escape European civilization and "everything that is artificial and conventional." Living in Mataiea Village in Tahiti, he painted depictions of Tahitian life. His works of that period are full of quasi-religious symbolism and an exoticized view of the inhabitants of Polynesia. In 1903, due to a problem with the church and the government, he was sentenced to three months in prison, and charged a fine. At that time he was being supported by the art dealer Ambroise Vollard. He died of syphilis before he could start the prison sentence. His body had been weakened by alcohol and a dissipated life. He was 54 years old.. 74


Artists’ biographies France Jeremy Moncheaux Jérémy Moncheaux is 25 years old and he lives in Lille, in the north of France. He is an illustrator, specifically for childern's books. He is passionate about painting and he often exhibits his paintings in Lille.

Isabelle Mora Isabelle Mora is a painter who lives in Borbeaux. Her paintings belong to the « Art brut » movement and use with special colors.

Vincent Rallo Vincent Rallo is a French painter who was born in 1954. He created his first drawing when he was 7 and he sold his first oil painting to his teachers in college He graduated from the School of Fine Arts.. Today he lives in the south of France. He was awarded by many first prizes at the beginning of his career. He is a sympathetic and direct man who loves peace and freedom. For him, it is essential to express themselves. R.Vincent paints with a knife and brush, which gives the impression that he carves his paintings. The material is generous and colorful. He has an eye for detail and captures the emotion perfectly. He uses color and material to create an atmosphere The joy of painting does not leave his work. His first inspiration is the Provence and its bright sun. His works are exhibited in many galleries across France as well as in private collections in Europe, USA and Japan.

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Artists’ biographies Ireland Letitia Marion Hamilton (30 July 1878 – 11 August 1964)] was an Irish artist who, with her sister Eva, studied under William Orpen at the Metropolitan School of Art in Dublin and under Frank Brangwyn. She spent some time in Italy, but travelled and painted all over the Continent. She was born in Dunboyne. Letitia was the great-granddaughter of the artist Caroline Hamilton (1771–1861). She was a prolific painter of the Irish countryside, exhibiting more than 200 paintings at the Royal Hibernian Academy of which she became a member in 1943. Together with Paul Henry, his wife Emily Grace Mitchell/ Grace Henry, Mary Swanzy, Jack Butler Yeats and others, she formed the Society of Dublin Painters in 1920.

Paul Henry (11 April 1877 – 24 August 1958) was an Irish artist noted for depicting the West of Ireland landscape in a spare post-impressionist style. Paul Henry was born in Belfast, Ireland, the son of a Baptist minister. He studied art in Belfast before going to Paris in 1898 to study at the Académie Julian and at Whistler's studio. He married the painter Grace Henry in 1903 and returned to Ireland in 1910. From then until 1919 he lived on Achill Island, where he learned to capture the peculiar interplay of light and landscape specific to the West of Ireland. In 1919 he moved to Dublin and in 1920 was one of the founders of the Society of Dublin Painters. He separated from his wife in 1929. In the 1920s and 1930s Paul Henry was Ireland's best known artist, one who had a considerable influence on the popular image of the west of Ireland. The National Gallery of Ireland held a major exhibition of his work in 2004. 76


Artists’ biographies Ireland Aidan Timmons took to Art like a duck to water. His first indication that his artistic talent was unique was when he won 1st place in a series of Art competitions in the 1980's in Dublin. He was strongly influenced and personally trained by his father - Brendan Timmons, the Irish landscape painter. His earliest works were in watercolour but he quickly moved to oils where his free handling and atmospheric effects helped him to capture, like the impressionists, the transient effects of light. Being reminiscent of many of the deceased great Irish landscape painters - Paul Henry, Maurice Wilkes and particularly George Gillespie, he especially likes painting Connemara landscapes. Connemara is in the West of Ireland and is famous for its unique landscape.

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Artists’ biographies Italy Gian Lorenzo Bernini (7 December 1598 –

28 November 1680)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gian_Lorenzo_Bernini was an Italian artist and a prominent architect who worked principally in Rome. He was the leading sculptor of his age, credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture. I n addition, he painted, wrote plays, and designed metalwork and stage sets. A student of classical sculpture, Bernini possessed the ability to capture, in marble, the essence of a narrative moment with a dramatic naturalistic realism which was almost shocking. During the early years of the 17th century ,many sculptors and artists sought to surpass the late Michelangelo, but Bernini acquired the title of being his ultimate successor with his superior sculpting abilities. His works of art highlighted the essence of Classical sculpture and religious beliefs, and he managed to do that with his uncanny ability to mold marble with striking natural realism that does not fail to express its narrative implications. He remains one of the leading icons in the field of Roman Baroque architecture. His major masterpieces are the Rape of Proserpine and Apollo and Daphne (1622-1625) that was considered as one of the most dramatic representations in their time due to the equally-dramatic narrative of this instant in Metamorphoses, work of Ovid. The story traces its roots back to when Apollo, who was the god of light in Greek mythology, told off Eros for playing with weapons for adults. Eros fought back by striking Apollo with a golden arrow, causing him to madly fall in love with a water nymph that swore eternal virginity named Daphne, and by striking Daphne with a lead arrow to counter every attempt by Apollo to woo her. The interpretation by Bernini portrays the transformation and drama of Daphne as she goes through the different stages of her changes with the incorporation of the chiaroscuro technique to further give the sculpture a narrative feel and a Hellenistic approach.

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Artists’ biographies Italy Sandro Botticelli (1445/46 – 1510) . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandro_Botticelli Sandro’s career as a painter started at the relatively late age of about eighteen when he was apprenticed to Fra Filippo Lippi ,a well respected Florentine artist. In Lippi’s workshop he would learn the techniques of composition and fresco painting in addition to the grinding and mixing of various paints. By 1470 Botticelli had his own workshop. From 1481 to 1482 Botticelli worked on the decoration of the Sistine Chapel, his contribution was a series of fresco’s on the left wall, “Events of the life of Moses” “The Temptation of Christ” and “The Punishment of Korah”. He also worked on a printed version of the Inferno by Dante. After Sandro returned from Rome in 1482 he embarked on a series of mythological works. These paintings form the basis of Botticelli’s present day fame as an artist and are excellent examples of renaissance art work. They constitute some of the most discussed and familiar images in renaissance art history and have a linear beauty that typifies this stage in the artist’s career. “Primavera” is hailed as one of the artist’s greatest works and dates from 1482. Botticelli’s most famous work is the much copied “Birth of Venus” 1485.This masterpiece was painted for the villa of Lorenzo Medici and is now in the Uffizi in Florence. In 1504 the artist was appointed to the committee to decide on a site for Michelangelo’s statue of David, he had also served on the committee to decide the facade for the Cathedral in Florence. Sandro Botticelli died on May 17th 1510 in Florence.

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Artists’ biographies Italy Giuliano Belmonte (1945- 2012) Since childhood he devoted himself to painting, experimenting over the years with paints and oil, but the technique of choice quickly became watercolours. His work shows the strong bond with "his" land, to be rediscovered in the landscapes, villages, churches, mills, in the snow, in the lakes and in the sky of Prealps.

Alberto Bragaglia (1896 Frosinone -1985 Anzio) Alberto Bragaglia attended the art school of Boccioni and Bocchi. In 1918, along with his brothers, he opened The House of Bragaglia in Rome, a place where Futuristic artists could discuss art and display their work. His paintings embodied the Futuristic style as well as the abstract, the research on color, and the figurative and anatomical movement and intricacy of the body. Futurism was an avant-garde movement launched in Italy in 1909. It is an artistic movement that rejected traditional forms and incorporated the energy and the dynamism of modern technology into art. It began in literature but spread to every medium, including painting, sculpture, industrial design, architecture, cinema and music. Alberto Bragaglia is the inventor of polychrome abstract space. In 1913, he also proposed an abstract theatre. In short, it largely inspired the brothers, who appeared much to the fore in the theatre, in film, stage design, the artistic and cultural movements. Author of “ Panplastica and Polychrome Abstract Space”, worked with painting these theories: the motion of shapes and colors, a different rhythm from the “eternal, omnipresent speed” and the “overwhelming and incendiary violence” of Futurism of Marinetti . His work is a vital contribution to the European Futurism, that made him the protagonist of the early twentieth century Italian avant-garde.

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Artists’ biographies Italy Aligi Sassu ( 1912-2000 ) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aligi_Sassu Aligi Sassu was born in Milan into a Sardinian-origin family. Aligi got soon interested into arts. and joined the Futurist movement with his friend and designer Bruno Munari. In 1934 he started studying the history paintings of the Louvre in Paris. In this period he also painted what will be his “logo” in the future, the horse, omnipresent in his future Production. He joined the anti-fascist cultural movement of Corrente di Vita in 1938. After the Spanish Civil War, he started studying Vincent van Gogh and moved back to Sardinia for some time. During this period, several paintings were dedicated to the Sardinian rural life. In 1986, he completed 113 works inspired by the Divine Comedy, three of which were purchased by the Pushkin Museum in Moscow. In 1993, he completed “Miti del Mediterraneo”, a ceramic mural of 150 square meters for the new building of the European Parliament in Brussels.

Mario Sironi (May 12, 1885 – August 13, 1961) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Sironi Mario Sironi was an Italian modernist artist who was active as a painter, sculptor, illustrator, and designer. His typically somber paintings are characterized by massive, immobile forms. He started his career as a Futurist painter. In 1922, Sironi was one of the founders of the Novecento Italiano movement, which was part of the return to order in European art during the post-war period. Sironi's works of the late 1920s, many of which feature monumental, archaic figures of families in bare, mountainous landscapes, are "marked by a sense of humanity burdened with history. A supporter of Mussolini, Sironi contributed a large number of cartoons—over 1700 in all—to Il Popolo d'Italia and La Rivista Illustrata del Popola d'Italia, the Fascist newspapers and he also contributed to the Exhibition of the Fascist Revolution in 1932. Although his esthetic of brutal monumentality represented the dominant style of Italian Fascism, his work was attacked by right-wing critics for its lack of overt ideological content. 81


Artists’ biographies Malta John Dimech was born 14th May 1950. His work is mainly landscape, particularly where the land meets the sea. He captures the light created by those unique combinations of the elements at different times of the day. This encourages the viewer to appreciate the beauty around us which would go unnoticed if it weren’t for the artist’s eye. Dimech was born in Malta into a family of jewellery makers. His early inspiration came via watching his two cousins paint in oils. However, he works mainly in Acrylics and Watercolours. After spending more than 20 years in England as a professional artist, he was given the chance to produce and present his own art shows on Malta television. His favourite is MALTA ON CANVAS where he goes around Malta and paints 'en plein air' much like the Impressionists loved doing.

Richard Saliba was born in 1943.

Between 1960 and 1965 he frequented the Government School of Art, then under the direction of Chev. Vincent Apap. Between the years 1975 and 1980 he followed courses in drawing and painting at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Perugia where he studied under Bruno Orfei and Romeo Mancini and etching and engraving under Diego Donati. These studies were later to be followed in 1982 by a specialized course in etching and aquatint at the Istituto Statale d’Arte in Urbino. Richard Saliba is perhaps best known for his landscape paintings. Although the love for Malta and of its environment will continue to find expression in his landscape, Saliba’s main concern at the present time is the search for new forms of abstraction. 82


Artists’ biographies Romania Nicolae Grigorescu ( 15th May 1838 -

21st July 1907) Nicolae Grigorescu is the first of the founders of modern Romanian painting , followed by the Ion Andreescu and Stefan Luchian heaving become a symbol for the young generations of artists who, during the first decade of the 20th century, were striving to identity and bring to light the profoundly characteristic values of Romanian spirituality. With a training marked by the vein of mural painting traditions he came Close to during his young years and, equally, by the Impressionist painters experiments, Grigorescu manifastead himself in various genres with an authority that would extend even after the artist's disappearence. He painted compositions like the series of Carts Pulled by Oxen and also landscapes painted in the country or during his journeys abroud ( At Posada , Eathern House in the Forest , City Crossroad at Vitre) The exercise of outdoor painting brings luminosity to his pallet, as well as an unusual mixture of rigour and spontaneity to the plastic construction pattern. Nicolae Grigorescu caused a fundamental change in the evolution of painting and artistic taste in Romania , beeing the first Romanian painter of European circulation.

Gheorghe Petraşcu

(1872 – 1949) Gheorghe Petrascu was a Romanian painter. He won numerous prizes throughout his lifetime and had his paintings exhibited posthumously at the Paris International Exhibition and the Venice Biennale. He was the brother of N. Petrașcu, a literary critic and novelist. He painted mainly landscapes, compositions, still-lifes. His color palette is serious: blue, white, gray and brown. Gheorghe Petrascu uses overlapping layers of color; this gives a sculptural structure to his works.He was one of the greatest Romanian painters of the first half of the 20th century.

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Artists’ biographies United Kingdom David Hockney was important contributor to the Pop art movement of the 1960s, he is considered one of the most influential British artists of the 20th century. Hockney’s work has always been distinctive and versatile, whether through his realistic and serious portraits or his exotic landscapes. He has established a clean and flat style of simple compositions in clear bright colours that emulate his role model, Picasso, in his demonstration of original thinking and creative freedom. The Royal Academy of Arts presented the first major exhibition of new landscape works by David Hockney RA. Featuring amazing vivid paintings inspired by the East Yorkshire landscape, these large-scale works had been created especially for the galleries at the Royal Academy of Arts and are shown alongside related drawings and film.

Lowry L.S. Lowry was an English artist born in Stratford, Lancashire. Many of his drawings and paintings depict Pendlebury where he lived and worked for over 40 years, and Salford, Manchester and its surrounding areas. Lowry is famous for painting scenes of life in the industrial districts of North west englandin the mid-20th century. He developed a distinctive style of painting and is best known for urban landscapes peopled with human figures often referred to as "matchstick men“. Lowry only used five different colours of oil paint in his work; ivory black, vermillion, Prussian blue, yellow ochre and flake white. His application of the colours was more complicated than this palette suggests as he used the colours either on their own to emphasise features within the composition, or more generally, mixed in blends. He had a distinctive style of painting capturing people in everyday scenes. 84


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Partner schools Italy – Lonate Pozzolo (Co-ordinator) Ist. Comprensivo C. Carminati Via Dante, 4 - 21015 Lonate Pozzolo (Varese) Finland Kyösti Kallion koulu Tarhinkuja 4, 85500 NIVALA France Collège Charles Péguy Avenue Charlemagne - 57640 VIGY Ireland Ovens National School Knockanemore, Ovens, Co. CORK

Italy - Frosinone Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado “Luigi Pietrobono” Via G. Puccini, FROSINONE Malta St Joseph junior school, Cathedral Street SLM 1526 SLIEMA Romania Liceul de arte plastic “Romulus Ladea 56, Dorobantilor street, CLUJ-NAPOCA United Kingdom Yarnfield Primary School Yarnfield Road Tyseley BIRMINGHAM B11 3PJ

Art and landscape  

A collection of paintings representing typical European landscapes modified by children from 5 to 13. The book is divided in two sections. I...

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