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Written Comunication: Sentence Structures


Sentence Structures 4 Types of Sentences

-

Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex


Sentence Structures Simple Sentence

- Contains one independent clause - One main idea; compound subjects are OK


Examples of Simple Sentences She caught the ball near the goal line. We waited for the bus in the unbearable heat. Cellphones and headphones should both be put away during class.


Write your own simple sentence describing this picture.


Sentence Structures Compound Sentence

- Contains two or more independent clauses joined by a: - Coordinator or Semicolon


Sentence Structures Examples of Coordinators

-

For And Nor But Or Yet So


Examples of Compound Sentences They studied for an hour and they ate dinner around nine. The store was closed, so he drove around to kill time. Max and Gregor arrived before nine, but it was still too late to enter the show. The house is finally ready to be sold; it was in repair for a year.


Write your own compound sentence describing this picture.


Practice 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.


1. Sam waited for the train. 2. Kyle and Sarah enjoy watching TV. 3. We looked for them at the station, but they arrived later than we thought. 4. The company donated money every year to fight hunger and disease. 5. They practiced in the morning for two months, yet the play turned out to be a disaster. 6. Both Phoenix and Las Vegas can get extremely hot in July and August.


Need more Practice?


Practice 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.


1. Mr. Morton ran for office in 2012. 2. I got in trouble so I can't go to the party, but it would have been fun. 3. The drummers played a long time, yet the piano players stopped early. 4. The big brown dog ran after the yellow and red ball. 5. Many brave soldiers fought in the war, and they received medals.


Review 1. Independent Clause 2. Dependent Clause 3. Simple Sentence 4. Compound Sentence


Sentence Structures Complex Sentence

- One independent clause joined with a dependent clause


Sentence Structures - Dependent clause starts with a subordinator: since, because, before, after, although, when, until, while, etc.


Examples of Complex Sentences

After saying goodbye to everyone, Brian got into the taxi and went to the airport.


Examples of Complex Sentences

After saying goodbye to everyone, Brian got into the taxi and went to the airport. Independent Clause


Examples of Complex Sentences Dependent Clause

After saying goodbye to everyone, Brian got into the taxi and went to the airport.


Examples of Complex Sentences Dependent Clause

After saying goodbye to everyone, Brian got into the taxi and went to the airport. Subordinator


Examples of Complex Sentences

They censored the movie because they didn’t want to offend anyone.


Examples of Complex Sentences Independent Clause

They censored the movie because they didn’t want to offend anyone.


Examples of Complex Sentences

They censored the movie because they didn’t want to offend anyone. Dependent Clause Subordinator


Examples of Complex Sentences Since it was an Early Release Day, we went to Long Wong’s and ate fifty hot wings.


Examples of Complex Sentences Dependent Clause

Since it was an Early Release Day, we went to Long Wong’s and ate fifty hot wings. Subordinator


Examples of Complex Sentences

Since it was an Early Release Day, we went to Long Wong’s and ate fifty hot wings. Independent Clause


Practice 1. 2. 3. 4.


Write down the dependent clause and circle the subordinator: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.


Identify the dependent clause: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.


Identify the dependent clause: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.


Identify the dependent clause: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.


Identify the dependent clause: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.


Questions?


Review 1. Independent and Dependent Clauses 2. Simple Sentence 3. Compound Sentence 4. Complex Sentence


Sentence Structures Compound-Complex Sentence

- Two or more independent clauses joined with at least one dependent clause


Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Although they usually watch dramas, they decided to see a comedy, and they enjoyed it very much.


Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Dependent Clause

Although they usually watch dramas, they decided to see a comedy, and they enjoyed it very much. Subordinator


Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Independent Clause 1

Although they usually watch dramas, they decided to see a comedy, and they enjoyed it very much. Independent Clause 2


Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Gregor had to wake up early to go to practice, but he was glad he stayed up late because he was able to watch the championship game on TV.


Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Independent Clause 1

Gregor had to wake up early to go to practice, but he was glad he stayed up late because he was able to watch the championship game on TV. Independent Clause 2


Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Gregor had to wake up early to go to practice, but he was glad he stayed up late because he was able to watch the championship game on TV. Dependent Clause


Practice 1. 2. 3. 4.


Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause? 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital.


Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause? 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital.


Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause?

1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital.


Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause? 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital.


Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause? 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital.


Questions?


Sentence Identification and Labeling


Sentence Identification and Labeling Independent Clauses = Underline Dependent Clauses

= Draw a box

Coordinators and Subordinators

= Circle


Practice 2 1. 2. 3. 4.


1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.


1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.


1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.


1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.


1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.


Sentence Structures

Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex


Sentence Structure? It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded.


Sentence Structure? Coordinator

It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded.


Sentence Structure? Coordinator

It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded. Which type of sentence is this?


Sentence Structure? Jason stayed up late because he was playing video games.


Sentence Structure? Subordinator

Jason stayed up late because he was playing video games.


Sentence Structure? Subordinator

Jason stayed up late because he was playing video games. Dependent Clause

Which type of sentence is this?


Sentence Structure? Mildred and Ann could arrange the pictures in a special album.


Sentence Structure? Mildred and Ann could arrange the pictures in a special album.

Which type of sentence is this?


Sentence Structure? Even though his heart was pounding, Jim raced up the stairs, and he checked out the strange noise.


Sentence Structure? Subordinator

Even though his heart was pounding, Jim raced up the stairs, and he checked out the strange noise.


Sentence Structure? Subordinator

Even though his heart was pounding, Jim raced up the stairs, and he checked out the strange noise.


Sentence Structure? Subordinator

Even though his heart was pounding, Jim raced up the stairs, and he checked out the strange noise. Coordinator

Which type of sentence is this?


Your Turn!

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