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Academ ic P rojects M arĂ­a Clara Restrepo Tirado Architecture


PART I.

Architecture Faculty 5 years Bachelor Degree Architecture with major in Urban and Regional Planning, 2003 – 2007. Review over the last 3 projects designed during the program of BA in Architecture, from 2003 to 2008 in the National University of Colombia. The program included 8 workshops of architectural and urban design, in which according to the teachers methods and different approaches, projects were developed in teams, attending specially the conditions of emplacement, physical settlement, feasibility and sustainability of the proposals. + Urban intervention and housing development - VI workshop(2005 II ) + Urban and public building development – VII workshop (2006 I ) + Urban and Public building development – VIII workshop( 2006 II )


*MVRDV

URBAN HOUSING DEVELOPMENT . VI WORKSHOP Jorge E Naranjo – María C Restrepo Professors: Arch. Juan J Escobar – Arch. Jorge M Isaza – Arch. Juan C Castañeda

Integral design, both urban + architectonic, scales from 1:2000 up to 1:50


First experimental approach to the building settlement: empty, sub-used, urban green, ex industrial area, with strong tendency to be transformed into residential and services area because of its centrality, and closeness to other residential areas and green parks; Also influenced by transport corridors: the new public buses infrastructure (METROPLUS) and one of the main road arteries of the city: cra. 65.

The adjacency to Nutibara Hill determines the scale and vocation of the new neighborhood: a new urban centrality of metropolitan importance. The urban configuration, shapes and programs to develop on the site, are determined by the designers based on the specific needs of the community, taken from surveys and research about the target of public who would be inhabiting the projects: middle income families and workers.


The urban design proposes to connect the new neighborhood and green existing spaces with the rest of the city to obtain the metropolitan importance, without imposing morphologies or cutting the existing dynamics. Differentiated blocks of medium high highlight the barrier quality of the site, between the industrial and residential areas surrounding. One main axis crosses the entire site, delimitating spaces in sections corresponding to time table of development, in 3 sections of project .

Variety and innovation are the principles that determine the search in the housing blocks, clusters and sets of buildings, in order to offer the city, not only the site, high urban quality spaces, such as interior small parks connected on the ground floor with the main passerella connecting the hole project.


Differentiated types of apartments are located in a “shuffle way�, offering varied facades, on the street and interiors. The ground floor is open and public, occupied with commercial and working spaces. This atmosphere on the ground floor determines the aim of the entire project: to recreate a city, to offer a compact, dense and populated city. Its made to be a busy area during the day, relaxed ambient on the residential zones during the night, and livable determined areas to enjoy during the night.

+ living organism structure + permeable urban barrier + concient community + changing composition


POR QUE NO SOMOS ÁREA, SOMOS VOLUMEN POR QUE TODOS SOMOS

DISTINTOS

PARA HACER LA CASA COMO UNO QUIERA APARTAMENTOS SIMPLEX PARA 1 2 Y 3 PERSONAS APARTAMENTOS DÚPLEX PARA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Y 9 PERSONAS ESPACIO MÍNIMO :: 140M3 ( 56M2 X 3M ) The basic principles of the project - in-all-scales - are also explicitly exposed on the varied dwelling proposals: the layout and disposal of the spaces, reflect the desire of freedom and privacy in the ritual of inhabiting, giving the opportunity to middle income citizens to differ from the surrounding society that tries so hard to “mass produce cities” , and creating flexible spaces for the new kind of families, diverging from the traditional ones.

Each owner/inhabitant can/should choose the color and the typology of dwelling that matches his lifestyle/position-in-life declaring himself as a present human being to the world, more than a number on a buzzer. It’s a political stance to invite citizens to declare their presence, and importance in their diversity. + ESPACIO PARA LOS QUE QUIEREN + ESPACIO JOVEN + ACABADOS LIMPIOS + SIN JERARQUÍAS + FLEXIBILIDAD


URBAN REGENERATION + PUBLIC BUILDING DEVELOPMENT . VII WORKSHOP Luisa M Estrada Gil – María C Restrepo Tirado Professors: Arq. Diego López - Arq. Camilo Castro – Arq. Alba M Bedoya – Arq. Luis F Dapena * Project selected for national exhibition of academic architecture “XXI Salón de Octubre UN , Bogotá, 2006” http://www.unalmed.edu.co/mediateca/exposicionvirtual/trabajosestudiantes_t7_luisaestrada.html


R ECR EAR TE + P R OYECTO P EDAGĂ“GI CO CENTR O I NTEGR AL DE LA CULTUR A Y EL OCI O

Intervention area is an inhabited green strip, including protection land of a water course, immerse in a dense and problematic neighborhood (Barrio Antioquia) in the west-south Medellin. The urban environment include the urban airport for national flights Aeropuerto Olaya Herrera, and the influence of relevant road corridors of the city: calles 10 to 30, and carrera 65. The proposal must include a regeneration urban project and social inclusion projects for the large young population of the area..

The urban proposal seeks to connect and articulate the existing strategic public and green spaces, with the public transport stations (Metro Poblado and MetroPlus calle 30). The new projected areas would create a link also with the main centrality of the city: the Medellin river, and the so called Cerros Tutelares ( Guardian urban hills) as recreation and leisure centers. It will also look up for the recovery and highlight of important urban milestones such as the airport and the carrera 65 as structural urban axe.


The intervention and integral improvement of 120 km2., will influence a key area of the city. It highlights the importance in landscape of the multiple water courses of the valley, determining the protection of La Guayabala creek as a main principle, respecting its land, elevating the ground floor to pass over and entering of the buildings, connecting the exterior and interior activities and dynamics, with the pedestrian flow. The ground floor and open spaces provide commercial and informational units.

The complex would offer also public housing and retail office spaces, searching for an integral urban rehab, starting by the improvement of this area as center. The developed building of the project consist of a public center for education, professional training, recreation and leisure, for the community and the city.


The original box shaped buildings evolve into a set of juxtaposed containers, crossed by an structure of platforms and catwalks penetrating and connecting the different spaces, equal to the open urban scheme, proposing external and internal (nature, park and build) as a one and only space. The appearance of the building talks about double skins, translucent spaces, varied and dual sights, smooth atmospheres of quite and tranquil place, as an oasis in the polluted urban environment.

The floating divisions between spaces, the colorful and enlighten facades and the incorporation of vegetation inside the building – also visible from the outside, makes the building a brand new aesthetic for the city and the neighborhood.


The building, accommodating mainly two different but not opposed activities: education and recreation, must find a way to function for both users and needs. So it functions as two interconnected modules, transparent but carefully soundproofed, that can be easily walked through. The building includes also a library, study rooms, computers and systems rooms, cafeteria, children playground and on the top, an auditorium/Theater.


PUBLIC BUILDING DEVELOPMENT . VIII WORKSHOP Luisa M Estrada Gil– Maria C Restrepo Tirado Proffesors: Arq. Cristina Vélez – Arq. Pedro P Peláez

Integral desing of a center for leisure and water related sports, in the Aburrá valley.


The project is settled literally on the river MedellĂ­n, framed in an attempt by the municipality to recover and use the river as the center of the city dynamics. The meandering but channeled river, on the north of the valley presents islands used as rubbish dump, that summed to the populated parks of the area and the massive presence of children, suggest the need to integrate all this components, offering an alternative for free time, demonstrating the city how to use river land and exposing the need to

recover this land for the improvement of life quality in the entire city. The emplacement on the bed of the river allows the sightseeing of the city from an unique perspective, specially of the urbanized center and south, and both slopes. The project presents itself as an artificial island, from where the river quality and dignity are highlighted, at the same time that offers public open spaces to the most degraded communities in the north of the city.


Physical efficient connections between the opposed and pronounced slopes of the valley are scarce and limited to the Metro bridge. The building it self would work as a bridge, to inhabit and enjoy, connecting the metro station with the main roads and other buildings and facilities. The project first aim is to commit the city with the recovery and cleaning of the river MedellĂ­n. The quality of livability of the open spaces and the water, determine the success or failure of this project. The existing institution Mi Rio would be in

charge of managing and developing the projects of cleaning the water and surroundings to make possible the use and enjoy of the river itself, besides social work to educate and sensitize the community to protect the river, in cooperation with Metro de Medellin institution. The building stands as a centrality for the confluence of the surrounding neighborhoods, and would be a recreational space, for water related sports, leisure and health, that becomes an excuse to inhabit this compulsory building in a valley city.


The building stands out as a container and protector of public activities that redraws the limits between the urban skyline, sports and other indoor activities. The water accompanies the walk through out the route along the building and therefore along this fraction of river. The wide open terraces are strategic elements where the main activities are made, enjoying the year long spring time of the city. Pools, courts, green areas, benches are placed .

in the terraces, becoming this the best places to perform any outdoor activity. On the inside of the building, other water sports can be carried out in special covered pools, gym and play rooms. The program is completed with restaurants, cafeteria and other facilities on the top terraces. On the south side, artificial sand beaches and sun terraces are adapted to enjoy the river water and natural environment, when possible.


Academ ic P rojects M aria Clara Restrepo Tirado Urban P lanning and P olicy Design


PART II.

Architecture and Society Faculty Laurea Specialistica - MSc. Urban Planning and Policy Design 2008-2010. Review over the 3 projects completed during M Sc Urban Planning and Policy Design, in the proposed workshops, regarding the subjects of urban design and planning, the implementation of policies and territorial strategies to understand urban phenomena of contemporary cities and improve degraded environments. + Urban Policies Lab (I 2008 - 2009) + Urban Planning and Design Lab (II 2008-2009) + Urban Policies Lab: Spatial Development Studio (I 2009 – 2010)


Alternative Accommodations for EXPO (strategic planning for EXPO2015) C Taner (Urban Plannerr, Turkey) – E Moro (Sociologist, Italy) A Sengupta (Architect, India) - MC Restrepo (Architect, Colombia) Professors: A. Balducci – A Bruzzese - G. Rabaiotti - P Cottino


Filling the gaps

in policies , decisions, Urban and territorial m anagem ent: How to cop w ith the Centripetal Force of EXPO •CityLife project for Milano; •Isozaki-Hadid-Libeskind-Maggiora, 2007.

“The pasta buildings: lo dritto, lo storto e lo curvo”

Urban coherence W hat after 2015? The future M ilano Let’s not w aste m oney on som ething the city doesn't really need ! Archistars m ega projects ? This lab introduced complex concepts such as policies – both public and private – strategic planning, role and shapes of design in planning processes. The proximity of the EXPO 2015 taking place in the city of Milano set the perfect timing to bring up the discussion of the significance of large events in developing cities, helping the creation of “city brand” for the territorial marketing and the excuse for urban transformation and regeneration.

The projects could develop freely over the urban consequences of EXPO for a city like Milano . Both urban design proposes and policies to face and overcome the arrival of universal crowd (29 million people) were made. This specific project decided to face the matter of accommodation for visitors: the city lack of enough hotels and spaces to lodge, but mainly the issue behind the sustainability of the new building proposals and future of this spaces after 2015.


RURAL

SUBURBAN

URBAN

1. The solutions must be valid for the three main recipients: Visitors, Territory and will be based on the principal of sustainable development. (NEGOCIO REDONDO) 2. The solutions will give special and original accommodations for the people coming to MilanoEXPO 2015, by filling the gaps in the accommodation plans. (FILLING THE GAP) 3. The solutions will involve the local community with the visitors, bringing them closer in order to learn from each other. (MORE THAN A BED ) 4. The solutions will provide for the visitors to have an experience not only of the EXPO but also the city and the region. (UNFORGETTABLE EXPERIENCES) 5. The solutions will involve the accommodations already existing infrastructure and public transportation systems.(REUSING FOR DURING, DESIGNING FOR POST) 6. The solutions will help to restore the infrastructure [buildings, railways, roads] in bad conditions. (REUSING FOR DURING, DESIGNING FOR POST) 7. The solutions will help to educate the tourist, creating a conscience of the territory they are visiting, not only for the time in Italy but to expand the conscientious tourism in the World. (CONCIENTIOUS TOURISM) 8. The solutions will look up for the cooperation between the different municipalities [north Italy], creating bridges by the “accommodation” process. (PARTNERSHIP) 9. The solutions will exalt the production of natural and balanced food, to help the expansion of good eating habits among the world population. (SLOW FOOD COMMUNITIES) 10. The solutions will exalt the bioclimatic design and low energy consumption projects, for buildings and all systems related to the MilanoEXPO

It was clear the solutions should innovate and involve the community, to be able to create a Win Win situation, where all the involved (territory, investors and visitors) could benefit. Scanning the territory: taking in account the existent opportunities on regional and local scale: old non- productive farms, abandoned green areas and parks, existing hotel infrastructure linked with normal transport network and new routes to cover the new needs.

TEMPORARY CITY?

USE / LEAVE vs ENJOY / LIVE NEGOCIO REDONDO

DESIGN FOR POST, RE-USE FOR DURING MORE THAN A BED


RE-USING, RE-STORING, RE-DESIGNING

TEMPORARY HOUSING

Abandoned and sub used areas for new functions

Villas and Cascinas to involve 1. Mulino Sant’Elena, Pregnana 2. Cascina Favaglia, Cornaredo 3. Corte Stretcieu, Settimo Milanese 4. Villa Ricotti, Arese 5. Villa Burba, Rho 6. Villa Schleiber, Rho

Castellazzo di Bollate • accessibility • other projects • visibility

In suburban – peripheral areas, there are a big amount of abandoned buildings and sub used lands, caused by the general de industrialization. Reusing and restoring these buildings and lands, make less damage to the environment than constructing new. The old cascinas (farms) are very important part of the material and immaterial heritage of north Italy, and are also very accurate places where visitors of expo about food, can learn about processes and life styles.

Temporary Housing is an opportunity, more than a policy, to involve architecture and design students, all the interested people in the city of Milan and the surroundings, and international community to propose ideas for ecological, disposable and recyclable housing, both for short term visitors and long term visitors, such as press and staff. The new residences must be located in strategic, visible and recognizable places of the city, and could become new landmarks, as students housing.


HOSPITALITY

WEBSITE TOOL

www.alternativeaccommodations.com

?

Which group would you place yourself?

?

What’s your budget per night?

Staff

Elders

€ 0 – 20?

Families

Business

€ 20 – 50?

Yougster

€ 50 – 100? € 100 - … ?

This proposal is based on the already existing web-communities available for free and special accommodation, using the social networks as the main tool to link and involving residents with visitors. It will consist on promoting this kind of interchange, making it public through mass media and advertising, so people can get to know this options, still reserved for a short social group. This will create a growing culture of alternativism, and hopefully promote tolerance and interchange.

“ In this webpage we'll help you to make the choice of accommodation for your stay in Milan., choosing from many available and reliable places, that will ensure you an UNFORGETABLE EXPERIENCE in expo2015. Everyone can join this social network! Local owners of hotels, hostels, or any person who wants to accommodate people, same as expected visitors and other interested . “


Collecting Collective Spaces from Treviglio to Milano (moving towards livability) S Zor (Architect,Turkey) - I Akkaya (UPlanner, Turkey) - G Romagnoli (UPlanner, Italy) - S Crosta (UPlanner, Italy) A Favini (UPlanner, Italy) – M Carnicelli (UPlanner, Italy) - MC Restrepo (Architect, Colombia) Professors: P Gabellini - M Bolocan G - B Bonfantini - A Longo - A Di Giovanni


1.

2.


1. CONSIDERING SEVERAL IN BETWEEN

WAKE UP TERRITORY !

2. SAMPLING EXERCISE WATER ‘LINKED’ SPACES RAILWAY ‘LINKED’ SPACES ROADWAY ‘LINKED’ SPACES CITY MADE BY PARTS AGRICULTURAL SURFACES SPECIAL ELEMENTS (WATER SURFACES) Signs of sickness over the territory + Strong presence of the “Car culture” [gas stations, drive thru, McD, large parking lots] + The invasion of “shopping world” [ sex shops and commercial centers] and the culture of the “dormitory city” in the peripheries. + Strong big infrastructures “cutting” the fluxes and stopping the permeability [over the south park – PASM] + Centralization of public spaces. Culture of the uses of public space linked to tradition and religion (churches, parks) + HIGH PRIVATIZATION OF THE SPACE + Unbalanced development of new projects + High presence of dismissed areas: buildings in the urban cores, agricultural infrastructures old farms. + Problems of violence, insecurity [in the urban cores and roads] The BLACK AND WHITE forces are two very different dynamics present over the territory in between Treviglio and Milano, and they appear CO-LIVING, one next to the other: PRIVATE/PUBLIC GLOBAL/LOCAL AGRICULTURE/INDUSTRY/RESIDENCE NATURE/ARTEFACTS URBANITY/RURALITY PRESERVATION/RENOVATION To improve livability it is necessary to REthink about the relations between this two logics and the places where they MEET EACH OTHER.


NEW CONFIGURATIONS INTO THE EXISTING SPACE + GIVING NEW VALUES TO THE TERRITORY AND ITS PLACES How to project over collective spaces between Treviglio and Milano ? _ _ _ _ _

using the memories and perceptions of the inhabitants Interpreting the existing elements and systems giving a legible and unitarian image finding continuities and discontinuities in the fluxes identifying the hierarchies: horizontally and vertically

RE RE RE RE RE

READING the traces VERSING the logic of the territory USING the existing and subused [ land and structures ] STORING the abandoned infrastructures and memories CONVERTING the physical spaces and dynamics into COLLECTIVE ones. Identification – Memory - Appropriation – Integration - Permeability Consciousness - Alternative – Common - Awareness


MIOPARCO

Landscaping and green space intervention: SCENARI OS OF SUBURBAN LI FE.

ADDA

MOLGORE

RIOVALLE

PARCO LAMBRO

“ The continuity of an “urban park”, a frontier for the city. Mix of different kind of facilities for metropolitan scale. According to the well defined vocation of the river`s surrounding areas, the park supports the sportive activities, the leisure and relax, pedestrian, familiar areas. “

“ The park will be an answer to the specific need of the territory of an alternative sub center for the night life and culture for the inhabitants. It is an opportunities for the contemporary and traditional dynamics and cultures to meet, relate and connect. The park will make visible the growing young population and will give them the spaces to develop identity and identify with the territory.”


Regenerating Turati 40/Bollate

Redefinition of a Contratto di Quartiere S Zor (Architect,Turkey) - S Aghabeglou (Architect,Iran) - D DeNuzzo (UPlanner, Italy) - M Reissner (UPlanner, Italy) M Urbano (UPlanner, Italy) - P Verga (UPlanner, Italy) - MC Restrepo (Architect, Colombia) Professors: G Paqui – S Armondi – P Briata – P Savoldi


Turati 40

Bollate “Contratto di Quartiere” is a program promoted by the Lombardia Region and open to Municipalities through a competitive call, to restore and renovate, problematic social housing complexes. The main idea of the call is to work with communities, through an integrated system of material and immaterial actions, regarding the physical requalification, social cohesion, security and economic spheres.

The approach to the settlement of the building, exposes the main problems in the conception of the CDQ, involved with the project’s territory and its reality. The social and urban isolation converts Turati40 into a sort of enclave even if it’s just a few meters from the historical center. The main proposal to fight this problem is to develop and reinforce the links with the surrounding economic dynamics, extending the projectual vision of the CDQ to a wider context.


PROPOSED SCENARIOS FOR THE FUTURE OF TURATI40

ECONOMY BASED VISIONING: BOLLATE, GRAPHIC DESING/PRINTING HUB FUNCTIONALLY BASED VISIONING: DECONSTRUCTION OF A MEANING

ENVIRONMENTALLY BASED VISIONING: TURATI40: THE GREEN NEIGHBORHOOD

SOCIALLY BASED VISIONING: SIGNIFICATION OF COMMON PUBLIC SPACES

In a mixing of processes, ideas, desired scenarios and possible solutions for the problematic found in Turati40, visioning was made in order to clarify and settle the main objectives of the new CDQ. The first topic was the need to create stable and sustainable economical development, that will lead to improve both quality of life and the collective imaginarium over this neighborhood.

The closeness to the Bovisa University pole, made clear the posibility of bringing together Bollate and Bovisa, and at the same time Turat40 and international students, an already on-going idea that has changed the dynamics on other neighborhoods of Milan. All the scenarios revolve around the issue of social + constructive restoration specially of the public and common spaces, bringing new functions and opening the debate for the uses of internal and external spaces.


Main Building

Existing parks

New residential development Existing parks

New market area and covered footbridge “… new centrality for Bollate will grow in and around Turati40 by the creation of many new activities. The main building will be connected to the urban framework through a functional covered footbridge made to host the weekly market and many kinds of events, and will be added of new functions: on the roof a museum of Brutalism architecture integrated with a Research Laboratory for the development of urban social-housing peripheries;

at the piloties floor there will be working+living units and exposition spaces. In the surroundings of T40 will be developed a hub for graphics and design, made of studios, shops, incubators and printing services, and also some new residences.” New CDQ introduction.


An ambitious urban project as this CdQ requires the arrangement of an structure able to provide, with efficiency, direction and coordination of all initiatives and actions. The management structure is simple and there are only few responsible, in order to favor communication and collaboration between different actors/actions. To avoid the backward steps in the project, a set of sustainable actions has been designed to provide continuity to the project goals, even after their implementation:

“ The municipality, throughout the management structure will control the effectiveness and efficiency of those actions, after the project implementation, in order to face possible critical outcomes. The museum committee as well as the periphery lab will provide a continuous service inside the social housing building, while the graphic hub will guarantee mainly the economical and productive function. Both activities are strictly related with the social renewal goals, providing continuity to the project development. “


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