Virtual booklet By Maria Antonia Jacobo Lopez
Introduction Here we will talk about water (h2o) its topics, about natural resources, how do people use water, how do people take care of h2o resources and taking care of natural resources.
H2O Natural resources How do people use h2o resources How to take care of h2o reources Taking care of our natural resources
H2o A clear, colorless, odorless, and tasteless liquid, H2O, essential for most plant and animal life and the most widely used of all solvents. A body of water such as a sea, lake, river, or stream. waters A particular stretch of sea or ocean, especially that of a state or country
Natural resources Definition: Natural resources are called those material goods or services provided by nature unaltered by humans, and they are valuable for human societies to contribute to their well being and their development directly (raw materials, minerals, food) or indirect (ecological services). Types: Soil Water Minerals Vegetation Animals
How do people use h2o resources Water is our most precious resource. Water is vital to life. Humans, plants, and animals are made up of mostly water. All living things would die if it weren't for water. We use water for drinking, washing, cleaning, cooking, and growing our food as well as many, many other things. Common household uses consume a lot of water. In household people use water to drinking, washing, cleaning and cooking. Much of our fresh water is also used outdoors for watering lawns, flower beds, and vegetable gardens, as well as washing cars and filling swimming pools. We must be careful not to pollute the water that we use outside. The amount of water needed to run a farm is tremendous. When we think of water on a farm, we think of watering crops; but the amount of water needed on a dairy farm is a huge amount also. Chickens, pigs, sheep, and all the other animals in a farmyard need drinking water to stay alive. Food must be grown for them to eat, and water is also required in the cooling systems used to keep production meat fresh.
How to take care of h2o resources We can take care of our water supply by not wasting it When your family washes clothes, be sure that the washer has a full load. When your family washes dishes, be sure that there is a full load in the dishwasher, or fill the sink with water to wash the dishes, then refill the sink to rinse them. Take shorter showers.... and get a special shower head that uses less water. Take shallow baths. You don't need to fill the tub to the brim to get clean. Shut off the water when you are brushing your teeth and washing your hands. Just run it long enough to wet your toothbrush or your hands, and then shut it off until you need to rinse. Keep a jug of water in the refrigerator so that you don't need to let the water run down the drain while it cools for a drink. Find out how the landscape is watered at your house, and how can it be done with less water. Tell your parents or teacher if some faucet is leaking at home or at school. Explain to them that the water that is dripping is costing them money! Don't use your toilet as a wastepaper basket. It has its purpose, and use it for that only. If you run water waiting for it to get hotter or colder, don't let it go down the drain. Save it in a bucket to use later to water plants. Always, always shut off the faucet when you are finished using the water. Don't put anything in streams, lakes, and rivers that should not be there. Don't pour chemicals down the drain or on the ground. Don't pour chemicals down the storm sewer. Use soaps and detergents carefully
Taking care of our natural resources There are lots of ways help conserve natural resources. One of the most popular ways to conserve resources is to implement the three Rs: Reduce, recycle, reuse. Reducing the amount of materials you use, and recycling and reusing as much as you can are great ways to prevent natural resources from being unnecessarily depleted. Buying items made from recycled materials and buying used are another way you can accomplish this. Using renewable energy sources, or minimizing energy consumption, reduces the depletion of non-renewable fuel sources, such as oil, coal and natural gas. Water can be conserved by taking shorter showers, using low-flush toilets, or by recycling greywater. Another important element of water conservation is reducing water pollution. This can be done by reducing the amount of toxic chemicals you use in your home and daily life, and by storing and disposing of those you do use properly.
DEFINITION: energy is always an indispensable prerequisite for performing mechanical work, and the concept has great importance in natural science. The natural basic units in which energy is measured are those used for mechanical work; they always are equivalent to a unit of force multiplied by a unit of length. Other equivalent units for energy are mass units multiplied by velocity units squared. FORMS: Energy exists in many forms: Heat Mechanical work Kinetic energy Chemical energy Electric energy Magnetic energy Radiant energy, the energy of electromagnetic radiation Nuclear energy Elastic energy Sound energy Gravitational energy
How can we take care of energy HEY WE ARE GOINT TO TELL YOU SOME TIPS TO SAVE ENERGY!!! -Turn of the lights -Don’t use so much time things that need a lot of energy example: Computer, bulbs, printer. -Don´t let cellphones charge all the time, only put it in several time (according to the battery). RECOMMENDATIONS: Our Caring Energy team is here for you when you need a little more support, offering lots of practical advice. We work with a number of external organizations too, so even if we can’t help ourselves we’ll still try to find a solution that works for you. We can help with: Advice and information on how to save energy and money Applying for any benefits you might be entitled to Understanding the different ways you can pay for your energy bills Giving you information in a format that's right for you Making sure you get the level of service that you need
Soil DEFINITION: Soil is a natural body consisting of layers (soil horizons) that are primarily composed of minerals, mixed with at least some organic matter, which differ from their parent materials in their texture, structure, consistency, color, chemical, biological and other characteristics THIS IS THE TEXTURE
. Mineral fraction is 0% clay and organic matter is 20% or more Mineral fraction is 0% to 50% clay and organic matter is between 20% and 30% Mineral fraction is 50% or more clay and organic matter 30% or more
How can we take care of soil WE ARE GOINT TO TELL YOU SOME TIPS here are many debates concerning the quality and quantity of natural resources required for sustaining human life (Durning, 1989, Durham, 1992). Perceptions of an acceptable quality of life determine the range of opinions. The world population is currently about 6 billion people of which about 2 billion are malnourished and an equal number live below the poverty level. The latter two categories include socially or economically disadvantaged people who eke out a living from a plot of land that in many cases does not belong to them. As pressure for land increases, these land-less groups move to more fragile ecosystems, often permanently destroying them to survive (Stewart et al., 1990). This group of land users is not amenable to modern conservation practices or technologies, is not receptive to or is unable to practice sustainable technologies, and in general does not contribute to the food and fiber needs of society as a whole. In many countries, this group is comprised of the forgotten persons, ignored by the bureaucracy and disowned by the affluent of the nation. However, in their struggle to survive, their long-term impact on soil resources and environment in general may be so detrimental that in reality they may control the quality of life of a nation as a whole (Eswaran et al., 1995). Pimentel et al.
(1994) posed the question, "Does human society want 10 to 15 billion humans living in poverty and malnourishment or 1 to 2 billion living with abundant resources and a quality environment?" This reflects the opinion of other supporters of the Malthusian concept (Ehrlich et al., 1993; Brown, 1994) and suggests that the limits of the land resource are being reached. We already have exceeded the second option three fold. Our question today is, how many more people can the earth's land resources support so that most persons can enjoy an acceptable quality of life?
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THE END! BY: MARIA ANTONIA AND JACOBO LOPEZ