Table of Contents project overview
4 - 15
precedent studies 5 site analysis 6 building feasibility analysis 9 space allocation 11
16 - 19
schematic plan development 17 design concept development 18 blocking diagrams 19
appendix 20 - 25 glossary 21 bibliography 22 strategic plan 25
A PRIVATE FIRM IN CONJUNCTION WITH
12,500 square feet will be designed primarily detailing the community center and at least one style of Residential Area
Why? The Intention of this project is to design a self-sustaining community and family center located in southwest atlanta. by combining a homeless shelter for families, a community center, and a community garden, we will be able to help families reclaim ownership of their lives quickly and successfully and in turn they can help others do the same.
Midtown All other Areas
-Homeless families comprised of at least one adult and one child under the age of 18 -people of all ages from the community -volunteers for general tasks as well as gardening,, education, and career development -guest lecturers including botanists and chefs
24% of Atlantaâ€™s homeless live in this neighborhood. many of its residents are lower income. The median annual income was $29,720 in 2011 and at that time a yearly income of $22,350 or less was considered the poverty line.
The 3 Approaches
1116 Murphy Avenue SW Atlanta GA, 30310
The 3 Components
Evidence-Based Design Literature
Community Center Community Garden
family suites to give a sense of ownership Community activities shared living areas as well as responsibilities educational opportunities career center
volunteers shelter credits supplies shelter and center with food
Section 1 - Programming precedent studies site analysis building feasibility analysis space allocation
the bridge homeless assistance center 75,000 sq.ft. Overland Partners 1818 Corsicana Dallas, TX 75201
174,279 sq. ft Tulane city center & school of architecture 150 zachary taylor drive new Orleans, la
325 beds near pedestrian paths and a planned group of city parks
Bud clark commons 437,770 sq. ft.
Consisting of five buildings that create a courtyard in the center of the campus as well as engaging the surrounding community, The Bridge incorporates a three-story services building, a one-story welcome building, a storage building, an open air pavilion, and a dining facility, which serves as a focal point to the interior landscaped courtyard of the campus and also as a food magnet providing social workers with an opportunity to connect with the homeless. (arch daily)
Holst architecture 655 NW hoyt street Portland, or 97209 130 studio apartments 350 sq. ft. each 9 have accessible accommodations Near mass transit landscaped Courtyard
Sustainable Design Choices:• The building’s design reflects the desire to create an inviting, utilitarian, and durable space that benefits both residents and others accessing services, while also contributing to the social and physical fabric of the surrounding neighborhood. (HUD) • • • • • • • • • •
Green-roofed dining room Grey water recycling system Natural daylighting coverted existing warehouses into open air pavillions **LEED Silver certification
Sustainable Design Choices:• Programming: Solar powered hot water system High-performance exterior envelope Energy-efficient lighting Green roofs HVAC system including window sensors and heat recovery system Low flow plumbing fixtures Bioswales Greywater recycling Locally sourced and sustainably harvested materials **LEED Platinum Certification
Walk-in day center Temporary shelter with 90 beds 130 Studio apartments with full kitchens and baths Bike storage and Dog kennels Community room- tv, internet, laundry 24 hour- Entry Desk Transitional space between the street and center Hygiene center Mental health conseling Computer center and library Medical center Barbershop Dining area art studio community courtroom/classroom
grow dat youth farm Accessible by public transportation in an existing park Structures designed specifically for regional climate and energy efficiency (growdatyouthfarm) located on a water source produces 40,000 lbs of produce annually
Youth participants will help identify creative and experimental ways to increase access to food in their neighborhoods; identifying key locations for produce sale or donation within their communities. Through this dual experience of selling and donating food, youth will develop an understanding of both the economic and true value of food as an essential life force.11 Programming:
Programming: Outreach/intake services Jail diversion/reentry services Emergency shelter/transitional shelter services Primary health care/behavioral health care services Recreational/educational services Employment income/supported employment income/disability income services Affordable housing/supportive housing services
Outdoor classroom Teaching kitchen Locker rooms Administrative offices Post harvesting areas Grow Dat Youth Farm is an excellent example of taking an average entity and crafting it into a socially beneficial education system. Tulane’s school of architecture works as the foundation of this organization while connections to other departments within the school are utilized to fill any needs. Relationships to the business school, medical school, school of public health, school of social work, school of liberal arts and the public education institute all work as part of a mutually beneficial system. Page 5
Building & Site Analysis The City of Atlanta
The city of Atlanta has a population of 443,775 and within the city the percentage of people living 5 below the poverty level jumps to 23.2%
The State of Georgia 1
Established by James Edward Oglethorp in 1733, Georgia is the last of the 13 British colonies. Initially home to only 114 settlers, there are now almost 10 million people living in the state. 16.5% of which live below the poverty level.4
Average low and high temperature
70Â° as part of the beltline project area, this neighborhood could potentially see tremendous growth and change in the next few years. creating strong community ties will help with stability for the current residents.
Codes and zoning imc 2006, 2012 There are currently 28 homeless shelters ibc 2006, ga 2010 nec 2011 in the city of Atlanta. 60% of Atlantaâ€™s irc 2006, 2013 8 ifc 2006, ga 2013 nec 2011 homeless are veterans, ipc 2006, ga 2010 iecc 2009, ga 2011 so perhaps the inclusion of an area city of atlanta building and specifically for vets should be considered. development codes Fulton county zone - i 1 beltline overlay district 14 supportive housing buffer 15
With the countries busiest airport just outside of the city, atlanta is the hub of the south. Marta and the highway system make the city easily accessible for almost everyone.
1115 Murphy Ave SW Atlanta, GA 30310
Building & Site Analysis
24% of Atlantaâ€™s homeless live in this neighborhood. many of its residents are
lower income. The median annual income was $29,720 in 2011 and at that time a yearly income of $22,350 or less was considered the poverty line.
plenty of off street parking
lives below this income 13.
22% of households have an income of $10,000 or less a year
on bus lines
30% of the population
others african/ american 11
built in 1942 as a manufacturing building for steel bolts, The building runs east/west with long 12 walls of windows to the north and the south. This maximizes daylight while also allowing cross breezes to naturally ventilate the interiors. The property also includes excellent spaces for 12 planting in all ranges of sunlight.
This site is a valuable choice because it provides opportunity to improve an existing landmark building and the community around it. By converting space that is currently used as a dumping ground into a garden, a current brownfield will become a greenfield. An investment is being made into the community not just visually but also socially and emotionally. A facility that supports the surrounding area can hopefully help lower the unemployment rates as well as helping to get people off of the streets. While there may be some concern over the placement of a high risk facility in the neighborhood, this may be mitigated by the location, not being in the center of the residential area may be beneficial.
There are several concerns with this site, the primary one being the industrial zoning. This will place restrictions on building use and modifications. Special permitting will be required for occupancy. Soil will have to be evaluated for viability in regards to the garden. This presents an opportunity for utilizing new gardening techniques such as vertical and hydroponic gardens. Another rconcern is accessing the facility on foot. Sidewalks are not consistant and pedestrians must cross railroad tracks to arrive from the residences in the area. However, with the Beltline expansion new sidewalks will be a welcome addition to Taking all of this into account, the design of the facility must be beautiful but not over the top in any the community. This will also allow the design team to craft the approach to the facility way. Continuing to blend into the surrounding area will be key to the integration into the community. The thoughtfully. While there is plenty of off-street parking, there is no other parking in the approach and entrance must be inviting and the neighboring facility to the south must be dealt with. Sound immediate area. and privacy are a concern from all sides. Page 7
Building Feasibility & Code Compliance Analysis Type II Construction
lee st sw 5 lanes- fast traffic
occupancy classifications: f-1, s-2 70,000 sq ft gross 57,620 sq ft Net building systems considerations: hvac electrical plumbing unsprinklered x1
murphy ave sw 2 lanes- slow traffic road needs repaving 2 bus stops within 5 minutes
parking marta 12 minute walk
crushed gravel undesignated spots
x1 x 13 x4
x3 Page 8
building feasibility & code compliance analysis
Accessibility requirements: This building will take some work to bring up to ADA requirements. The flooring is uneven and there are currently no accessible bathrooms or water fountains. The doors are 36â€? and most have a level entrance. However, there is a set of three stairs in the small front office area that do not have an accompanying ramp or elevator.
Analysis of sustainability characteristics:
Building Codes Compliance
Challenges: Sound pollution Envelope inefficiency Air circulation Brownfield to north
governing jurisdictions: occupancy load: State of Georgia 58,000/100 3 per floor Fulton County +12,000/500 = 604 total zone-I1 city of atlanta Plumbing requirements: beltline overlay district 7 toilets supportive housing buffer 7 lavatories building codes: 2 water fountains ibc 2006, ga 2010 irc 2006, ga 2013 Resource Efficiency considerations: Open floor plan ifc 2006, ga 2013 Use of existing ventilation systems to supplement HVAC ipc 2006, ga 2010 Daylight systems to minimize electrical usage imc 2006, 2012 Reuse of restrooms with minor modifications Modification of existing rooms. nec 2011 Recycling of any excess or removed materials iecc 2009, ga 20112., 3. Reuse of wooden flooring
Strategic Opportunities: Daylighting Natural Ventilation System Made more possible with the use of an open floor plan on the ground floor. Rainwater collection system Solar panels on the large roof
Responsible Design for Stakeholders: Customers: Use of Low VOC materials Daylight Ventilation Collaborative communal areas Community garden Co-creators: Use of local contractors Sustainable material selection Earth: Cleansing of brownfield areas Garden Use of sustainable materials
Community: Revitalization of area Easily accessible with public transportation Safe place for children and families Community involvement Investors: Adaptive reuse of building Brings value back into the area Involvement in community Opportunities for expansion or growth in the area
building feasibility & code compliance analysis Conclusion: Approach: Both the road and the parking lot need some attention, especially with the increase in traffic the area will be seeing. The sidewalks will also need care, but provide the opportunity for a pedestrian walking path from the marta station on to the beltline.
This building is not ideal in that it will take some work to bring it up to code and to the level that people would like to occupy it. It has some serious issues to be addressed with the shell and flooring. However, the creativity that it can inspire and the unique opportunity of using this style of building could help this facility become a showpiece of the area. Building Conditions: The building is in pretty rough shape right now. The windows are irregularly shaped and missing a few panes of glass. The base of several columns are worn down or exposed and the floor is quite uneven. The structure itself is unsprinkled so that will need to be included along with plumbing systems for the mezzanine areas.
Building Codes Compliance: The restrooms are absolutely not up to code and will need to be expanded to accommodate larger stalls and grab bars. The beltline overlay district will be complicated but will also be beneficial in that it will help create a more appealing approach. There are enough exit doors for the occupancy load but there are areas that do not currently meet the 1/3 diagonal rule. This might be addressed by converting some of the roll up doors into exit doors. Also, the addition of sprinklers will make the door spacing compliant.
Analysis of Sustainability Characteristics: This facility provides a ton of opportunity for sustainable
decision making. The use of low voc materials and the reuse of materials in the existing space will help with the insulation of the space both in terms of noise pollution and thermal capture. Responsibly harvested materials aswell as local materials will help with cutting down excess stress on the earth as well as creating community ties. Page 10
space allocation This proposed facility will be a combination of a small working farm, a community activities center, a counseling center, and a family homeless shelter. The challenge of the assignment is to begin to understand how these spaces will interact with each other to create the most successful facility possible. The current program allotment for minimum square footage is 45,000 sq. ft. This is " significantly smaller than the available space and will allow for both privacy and growth. The shared spaces including the entrance and counseling services will require at least 15,000 sq. ft., while the shelter will need a bit more at over 16,000. the activity facilities are slightly smaller, they will require around 11,000. THis includes a basketball court and gym. Currently the smallest area is the garden. However, this is a space that could expand to include more plots and towers. This may be necessary to provide the amount of produce necessary for the kitchen as well as to sell at farmers markets.
Residences Â "
offices Dining and communal areas Activities Center
the users benefit through the collection and combination of facilities.
The success of the facility will depend on the functionality and enjoyment of the design
1330 Occupants Assembly
80 Occupants Business 200 Occupants Residential - 2
The investors will
benefit if the facility is thoughtfully designed to maximize the space yet plan for future growth
the community will benefit if the space is inviting and the programming offered provides activities that are not available elsewhere. If this center can become a third 2400 Occupants Assembly
space for the community it will benefit further
the earth will benefit from the land reclamation as well as maximizing the sustainable options such as rainwater harvesting and natural ventilation and daylighting 660 Occupants Assembly
the co-creators benefit due to the range of jobs that will be created in the construction and the programming Page 11
Prototypicals Single Family Apartment
Produce Processing workstation
space allocation Adjacency & Criteria Matrix
space allocation FF&E Requirements FURNITURE & EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
WORKSURFACE Ref #
1. OFFICES 1.01 Lobby / Entry Area 1.02 Reception 1.03 Offices 1.04 Waiting Area 1.05 Career Services 1.06 Mental Health Counseling 1.07 Group Learning Space 1.08 Computer Room 1.09 Play Area 1.1 Kitchen 1.11 Dining 1.12 Restrooms 1.13 Outreach Services 1.14 Gathering Spaces 1.15 Cleaning Supply Storage 1.16 Bike Storage 1.17 Janitors Closet 1.18 Mechanical Room
2 4' Benches 2' x 5'
4 2 6' Sofas 2 2 6' Sofas
14 6' x 2' in counter 31 check stainless tops Prep area, clean up area
Benching for 20 4 child height Prep area
Phone 2 Small Side Tables
1 2'x3' Coffee Table
child sized chairs
1 1 1 30 20
comfy reading nook
30 5' x 5'
Toy Storage Dry goods storage 120 (?)
Chairs and Sofas
Closet to store professional clothing in Quiet Private feeling location, 'homey" White Boards, Projection system Scanner Sink, Play Set, swings? Blocks, foam Large toys etc Dishwasher, Fridge, Walk in Freezer, Sinks, Range, Oven, Hood, Pot filler, ice maker, beverage Linen Storage, Dish, Silverware, Glassware storage Serving ware "Butlers Pantry Toilets, Sinks, Mirrors, Urinals, Small bench Lamps
Electrical wireing, room for writing as well
Groups of Seating, various sizes
1 Bike Racks, rent locks, outside on north side HVAC Water Heaters, Electrical Panels, Routers, etc
2. RESIDENCES 2.01 Apartmnets 2.02 Closets 2.03 Restrooms
1 coffee, dining
stackable 4 chairs
sofa or love seat (pull-out?)
bunk/modular beds Both Rod and Shelf storage 6 washers, 6 driers, line dryers, mesh drying areas, laundry carts
2.04 Laundry Facility 2.05 Linen Storage 2.06 Cleaning Supply Storage 2.07 Possession Storage Space 2.08 Private Sitting Room
3. ACTIVITIES Small set of bleachers
3.01 Baskketball Court 3.02 Weight room/gym 3.03 Changing Areas
3.04 Equipment Stoarge 3.05 Restrooms
Check out counter
3.06 Art Studio
Supply check out
Drawing boards, easles
drawing benches, chairs
Lockers Storaage for basketballs, yoga mats, dodge balls
Basketball hoops, cushioned wood floor, painted lines Various Cardio and weight machines, free weights, yoga/tai chi etc space Link to Bathrooms/showers
storage for paper & tools Storage for more expensive art equipment and canvases
Lighting, Pinup space
hooks as well as shelving
Cool space for seed storage Pups and Barels for water storage Refrigerator, Freezer, Wash bucket, dirty water drainage & filter
3. FARM 4.01 Garden Plots 4.02 Vertical Gardents 4.03 Tool Storage 4.04 Pump Room 4.05 Processing Area 4.06 Seating Area
(6) 4' x 3' metal work tables
Produce Storage, Container Storage Benches and chairs
space allocation Space Allocation Chart It will be necessary to consider privacy and safety for the residents of the facility. These divisions in the program will be interesting because they will be both physical and visual. Yet they must allow the residents to feel free to flow between all of the spaces. Some of the biggest challenges involve making the most of the available systems of the facility, such as daylighting and natural ventilation. Positioning the enclosed spaces to ensure that they receive natural daylight but do not completely close off the daylight from the larger communal areas will be a challenge especially on the lower levels. The same is true for the natural airflow, Ventilating the smaller enclosed areas will be necessary. .
Section 2 - Schematic Design schematic plan development design concept development blocking diagrams
The sun provides warmth and light in every part of the world. In the mornings the light is soft and so othing which creates a wonderful and welcoming atmosphere for the dwell component of the facility. Mid-day sun is bright white and yellows and the blue sky around it, this light is necessary to grow the crops in the garden. Evening sun creates dynamic colors and shadows which will create a dynamic and warm feeling in the connect facility.
DE S IGN CONCEPT
The use of soft tints of warm colors often seen in the morning light and in sunrises will help in the development of a safe, warm and so othing space. Minimal pattern, natural fabrics, and soft textures continue this concept throughout the spaces.
Vibrant colors, pulled from sunsets and the night sky, create dynamic high energy spaces. Chunky fabrics, shiny surfaces, and decorative lighting will help keep these areas warm and welcoming.
The grow area will utilize the same accent colors as the Connect area, but they will be kept to a minimum. The primary color palate indo ors is a bright white to encourage a sense of cleanliness in the produce cleaning and storing areas.
The concept will manifest itself in several ways; through the mimicking the rays of the sun through RADIANTING LINES on vertical surfaces, colors will be blended using different VALUES through gradients and tints. The building itself creates a sense of RHYTHM and BALANCE with the evenly spaced columns that will be carried through the finishes and layouts. Natural Light will be taken advantage of to help create an exciting and inviting MOOD.
4 5 3
Everyone has felt like they were out in the cold at times, separated from the ones they loved or society in general. The idea behind this concept is that it only takes a spark of light to give a person hope. Whether that light comes from a front porch light that welcomes them home or the sunrise that brings a new day, the SPARC facility will be that light. It will offer hope to those who have none and a sanctuary for those who need one. SPARC will be a beacon of light in dark times.
Appendix glossary bibliography strategic plan
refers to a site, building, etc. that accommodates those who are disabled
the human tendency to interact or be closely associated with other forms of life in nature
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. Administered by the USGBC. a green building rating system
Means of Egress-
the path to an exit
based on evidence rather than intuition or feeling
a building constructed of non-combustible materials such as masonry but materials are not fire resistant
Bibliography Introduction/project overview Davis, S. (2004). Designing for the homeless: Architecture that works. University of California Press. Farr, D. (2008). Sustainable urbanism: Urban design with nature. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley. Habicht, D. (2011). Eucalyptus trees in the California sun, Retrieved June 30, 2013, from: http://naturesketchers.blogspot.com/2011/08/eucalyptus-trees-in-california-sun.html Kellert, S. (2011). Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life. John Wiley & Sons. Map of Atlanta. Retrieved July 1, 2013, from: maps.google.com Nussbaumer, L. (2009). Evidence-based design for interior designers. Fairchild Publications. Parker, J. (2011). The 2011 metro atlanta tri-jurisdictional collaborative continuum of care homeless census. Tri-j.net, Retrieved from http://www.tri-j.net/clientimages/40236/2011trijhomelesscensusreport. pdf
Precident Studies 1.
Artspace community garden. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://vodaplan.com/2011/04/artspace-community-garden-salt-lake-city-ut/
Bud clark commons/ holst architecture. (2011, December 07). Retrieved from http://www.archdaily.com/189376
Budds, D. (2012, August 29). Commonsâ€™ grounds. Retrieved from http://www.dwell.com/house-tours/article/commons-grounds
Quirk, V. (2012, June 22). The grow dat youth farm & seedocs. Retrieved from http://www.archdaily.com/245235/the-grow-dat-youth-farm-seedocs-mini-documentaries-on-the-power-of-public-interest-design/
Shelter home for the homeless/ javier larraz. (2011, July 15). Retrieved from http://www.archdaily.com/124688
The bridge. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.bridgenorthtexas.org Page 22
Tulane university and grow dat. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://growdatyouthfarm.org/who-we-are/tulane-university/
8. Untitled image of an oak tree]. Retrieved July 14, 2013 from http://www.blirk.net/wallpapers/1024x768/oak-trees-pictures-photos-1.jpg 9.
Urban roots. (N.D.). Retrieved from http://www.urbanrootsatx.org
Voda. (n.d.). Garden plan. Retrieved from http://vodaplan.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Artspace-Garden-Site-Plan.jpg
What we do. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://growdatyouthfarm.org/what-we-do/our-farm/
The bridge homeless assistance center. (2011, March 01). Retrieved from http://www.archdaily.com/115040/the-bridge-homeless-assistance-center-overland-partners/
The Lighthouse young peoples centre. (2013, February 11). Retrieved from http://www.archdaily.com/115040/the-bridge-homeless-assistance-center-overland-partners/
site analysis 1. http://www.theus50.com/georgia/history.php 2. http://www.dot.ga.gov/informationcenter/maps/Documents/railroad/Georgia_Rail_Map_plain.pdf 3. http://ga.statetopomap.com/digitalmap.php 4. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13000.html 5. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/1304000.html 6. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6f/MARTA_Rail_Map.svg 7. http://www.lifecyclebuildingcenter.org/gallery/lbc-facility-1116-murphy-avenue-sw-30310/ 8. http://atlantacss.org/page/1029/Georgia-and-the-U.S 9. http://www.usgbc.org/leed/rating-systems/credit-categories 10. http://www.usclimatedata.com/climate.php?location=USGA0028 11. http://zipskinny.com/index.php?zip=30310 12. http://maps.google.com Page 23
13. Parker, J. (2011). The 2011 metro atlanta tri-jurisdictional collaborative continuum of care homeless census. Tri-j.net, Retrieved from http://www.tri-j.net/clientimages/40236/2011trijhomelesscensusreport.pdf 14. http://gis.atlantaga.gov/imf/imf.jsp?site=Master&qlyr=Parcels&qry=GIS.LAND_PARCELS_CAMA_ST.PIN=%2714%2001190007013%27&qhlt=true&qbuf=50 15. http://www.dca.state.ga.us/development/constructioncodes/programs/codes2.asp
Building Feasibility Analysis 1. http://www.lifecyclebuildingcenter.org/gallery/lbc-facility-1116-murphy-avenue-sw-30310/ 2. http://gis.atlantaga.gov/imf/imf.jsp?site=Master&qlyr=Parcels&qry=GIS.LAND_PARCELS_CAMA_ST.PIN=%2714%2001190007013%27&qhlt=true&qbuf=50 3. http://www.dca.state.ga.us/development/constructioncodes/programs/codes2.asp
Design Concept Analysis 1.
2. http://loeuvreaunoir.tumblr.com/post/32934429990/magic-hour 3. http://www.flickr.com/photos/-oliviabee-/7804920524/ 4. http://www.digital-photography-scho ol.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/golden-hour-600x400.jpg 5. http://weheartit.com/entry/8777361 6. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ambermckinneyphotography/3709388775/in/faves-e_ubon/ 7.
10. http://ericabirmingham.com/post/58500436499/sunset 11. http://media-cache-ak1.pinimg.com/originals/ab/46/b4/ab46b4e26aabe4df77035b2c09c263c5.jpg 12. http://nabokovcazandomariposas.tumblr.com/post/37301383683/m-e-r-m-a-i-d-c-h-i-l-d-uzbekistan-wall-ben